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Grits is a porridge made from corn (maize) that is ground into a coarse meal and then boiled. Hominy grits is a type of grits made from hominy, corn that has been treated with an alkali in a process called nixtamalization with the cereal germ removed. Grits is often served with other flavorings[1] as a breakfast dish, usually savory. The dish originated in the Southern United States but now is available nationwide, and is popular as the dinner entrée shrimp and grits, served primarily in the Southern United States.[1] Grits should not be confused with boiled ground corn, which makes "hasty pudding" or "mush" or may be made into polenta using coarse ground corn, or with the "mush" made from more finely ground corn meal.

Grits is of American Indian origin and is similar to other thick maize-based porridges from around the world, such as polenta and mieliepap. The word "grits" is derived from the Old English word "grytt," meaning coarse meal.[2]

Origin

Traditionally, the hominy for grits was ground on a stone mill. The ground hominy was then passed through screens, the finer sifted material used as grit meal, and the coarser as grits.[citation needed] State law in South Carolina requires grits and rice meal to be enriched, similar to the requirement for flour.[3]

Three-quarters of grits sold in the U.S. are bought in the South, in an area stretching from Texas to Virginia that is sometimes called the "grits belt".[4] The state of Georgia declared grits to be its official prepared food in 2002.[5] Similar bills have been introduced in South Carolina, naming it the official state food.[6] In the South Carolina low country, the uncooked ground corn is known as "grist" and the cooked dish is "hominy". This is distinct from the usual use of the term hominy.[citation needed]

Grits may be either yellow or white, depending on the color of the corn used. The most common version in supermarkets is "quick" grits, which have the germ and hull removed. Whole kernel grits is sometimes called "speckled".[7]

Preparation

Prepared grits

Whole kernel grits is prepared by adding four to five parts boiling water or milk (seasoned with salt—1/4 tsp for each cup of liquid) to one part grits. Cover and cook for 20 to 45 minutes over medium low, stirring regularly.[citation needed] Grits expand when cooked and need stirring to prevent sticking, and lumps from forming.[citation needed] They are not done until they have absorbed four and one quarter times their volume.[citation needed] Whole grain grits require much longer to become soft than do "quick grits." Some people serve grits with sugar, while others object to sweetened grits. They are often served with butter. On occasion they are served with grated cheese, sausage, bacon, or salt and pepper, or red-eye gravy. Extra, i.e., left-over, grits can be put into a glass tumbler, chilled until needed, sliced, and fried either plain or with a breading. In this form they are denominated "fried grits," "fried hominy," or "grit cakes."[citation needed]

Grits dishes

Grits is eaten with a wide variety of foods, such as eggs and bacon, fried catfish, salmon croquettes, country ham, and many other dishes.

Shrimp and grits is a traditional dish in the Low Country of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. A variation of the dish is also consumed for breakfast in the northern states of Kedah and Perlis in peninsular Malaysia. It is a traditional breakfast dish.

"Charleston-style grits" is boiled in milk instead of water, giving them a creamy consistency.

Solidified cooked grits can be sliced and fried directly in vegetable oil, butter, or bacon grease, or they can first be breaded in beaten egg and bread crumbs.

In popular culture

Grits play an important part in the plot of 1992 comedy film, My Cousin Vinny.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Harper, Douglas, The Surprisingly Recent Story of How Shrimp and Grits Won Over the South, retrieved March 21, 2017 
  2. ^ Harper, Douglas, Online Etymology Dictionary: grits, retrieved August 27, 2011 
  3. ^ South Carolina Code of Laws, Title 39 – Trade and Commerce, Chapter 29. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  4. ^ Cutler, Charles L. (2002). Tracks that Speak: The Legacy of Native American Words in North American Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 28. ISBN 0-618-06510-5. 
  5. ^ Georgia Secretary of State, State Prepared Food. Retrieved December 14, 2007.
  6. ^ South Carolina General Assembly 113th Session, 1999–2000, Bill Number: 4806. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  7. ^ Lee, Matt; Lee, Ted (April 26, 2000). "A Taste of Charleston; Corn's Highest Calling: Grits". New York Times. Retrieved March 17, 2018.