GREENWICH VILLAGE, often referred to by locals as simply "THE
VILLAGE", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower
Manhattan , New
Greenwich Village has been known as an artists' haven, the
Bohemian capital, the cradle of the modern LGBT movement , and the
East Coast birthplace of both the Beat and \'60s counterculture
movements. _Groenwijck_, one of the Dutch names for the village
(meaning "Green District"), was Anglicized to _Greenwich_. Two of
New York's private colleges,
New York University
New York University (NYU) and the New
School , are located in Greenwich Village.
Greenwich Village has undergone extensive gentrification and
commercialization; the four zip codes that constitute the Village –
10011, 10012, 10003, and 10014 – were all ranked among the ten most
expensive in the
United States by median housing price in 2014,
according to _
Forbes _, with residential property sale prices in the
West Village neighborhood typically exceeding US$2,100 per square foot
($23,000/m2) in 2017.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Boundaries
* 2 History
* 2.1 Early years
* 2.2 Reputation as urban bohemia
* 2.3 Postwar
* 2.4 Preservation
* 2.4.1 Rezoned areas
* 2.4.2 NYU dispute
* 3 Transportation
* 4 Points of interest
* 5 Education
* 6 Notable residents
* 7 In popular culture
* 8 See also
* 9 Notes
* 9.1 Footnotes
* 9.2 References
* 10 Sources
* 11 External links
MacDougal Street in
The neighborhood is bordered by Broadway to the east, the North River
(part of the
Hudson River ) to the west,
Houston Street to the south,
4th Street to the north, and roughly centered on Washington
Square Park and
New York University
New York University . The neighborhoods surrounding it
are the East Village and NoHo to the east, SoHo to the south, and
Chelsea to the north. The East Village was formerly considered part of
Lower East Side and has never been considered a part of Greenwich
Village. The western part of
Greenwich Village is known as the West
Village ; the dividing line of its eastern border is debated. Some
believe it starts at Seventh Avenue and its southern extension, a
border to the west of which the neighborhood changes substantially in
character and becomes heavily residential. Others say the West Village
starts one avenue further east at Sixth Avenue , where the east-west
streets in the city's grid plan start to orient themselves on an angle
to the traditionally perpendicular grid plan occupying most of
Manhattan. The Far
West Village is another sub-neighborhood of
Greenwich Village that is bordered on its west by the
Hudson River and
on its east by Hudson Street .
Greenwich Village is located in New
York\'s 10th congressional district , New York's 25th State Senate
district, New York's 66th State Assembly district, and New York City
Council's 3rd district.
Into the early 20th century,
Greenwich Village was distinguished from
the upper-class neighborhood of Washington Square – based on the
Washington Square Park or Empire Ward in the 19th
Encyclopædia Britannica '_s 1956 article on "New York (City)"
(subheading "Greenwich Village") states that the southern border of
the Village is Spring Street , reflecting an earlier understanding
(today, Spring Street might be considered the southern boundary of the
neighborhood sometimes called the
South Village , though some cite
Canal Street as the furthest extent of the South Village). The newer
district of SoHo has since encroached on the Village's historic
The intersection of West 4th and West 12th Streets
Greenwich Village was once a rural, isolated hamlet to the north
of the 17th century European settlement on
Manhattan Island , its
street layout is more organic than the planned grid pattern of the
19th-century grid plan (based on the Commissioners\' Plan of 1811 ).
Greenwich Village was allowed to keep the 18th century street pattern
of what is now called the West Village: areas that were already built
up when the plan was implemented, west of what is now Greenwich Avenue
and Sixth Avenue , resulted in a neighborhood whose streets are
dramatically different, in layout, from the ordered structure of the
newer parts of Manhattan.
Many of the neighborhood's streets are narrow and some curve at odd
angles. This is generally regarded as adding to both the historic
character and charm of the neighborhood. In addition, as the
Greenwich Street used to be on the
Hudson River shoreline,
much of the neighborhood west of
Greenwich Street is on landfill, but
still follows the older street grid. When Sixth and Seventh Avenues
were built in the early 20th century, they were built diagonally to
the existing street plan, and many older, smaller streets had to be
demolished. Street signs at intersection of West 10th and West
Unlike the streets of most of
Houston Street, streets
in the Village typically are named rather than numbered. While some of
the formerly named streets (including Factory, Herring and Amity
Streets) are now numbered, they still do not always conform to the
usual grid pattern when they enter the neighborhood. For example,
4th Street runs east-west across most of Manhattan, but runs
north-south in Greenwich Village, causing it to intersect with West
10th, 11th, and 12th Streets before ending at West 13th Street.
A large section of Greenwich Village, made up of more than 50
northern and western blocks in the area up to 14th Street, is part of
a Historic District established by the New York
Preservation Commission . The District's convoluted borders run no
farther south than
4th Street or St. Luke's Place, and no farther east
than Washington Square East or University Place. Redevelopment in
that area is severely restricted, and developers must preserve the
main façade and aesthetics of the buildings during renovation.
Most of the buildings of
Greenwich Village are mid-rise apartments,
19th-century row houses, and the occasional one-family walk-up, a
sharp contrast to the high-rise landscape in Midtown and Downtown
Map of old Greenwich Village. A section of
Bernard Ratzer 's map
of New York and its suburbs, made ca. 1766 for Henry Moore , Royal
Governor of New York, when Greenwich was more than two miles (3 km)
from the city.
In the 16th century, Native Americans referred to its farthest
northwest corner, by the cove on the
Hudson River at present-day
Gansevoort Street, as Sapokanikan ("tobacco field"). The land was
cleared and turned into pasture by Dutch and freed African settlers in
the 1630s, who named their settlement Noortwyck ("North district",
equivalent to Northwich/Northwick). In the 1630s, Governor Wouter van
Twiller farmed tobacco on 200 acres (0.81 km2) here at his "Farm in
the Woods". The English conquered the Dutch settlement of New
Netherland in 1664, and
Greenwich Village developed as a hamlet
separate from the larger New York
City to the south on land that would
eventually become Lower Manhattan.
The earliest known reference to the village's name as "Greenwich"
dates back to 1696, in the will of Yellis Mandeville of Greenwich;
however, the village was not mentioned in the city records until 1713.
Sir Peter Warren began accumulating land in 1731 and built a frame
house capacious enough to hold a sitting of the Assembly when smallpox
rendered the city dangerous in 1739. His house, which survived until
the Civil War era , overlooked the North River from a bluff; its site
on the block bounded by Perry and Charles Streets, Bleecker and West
4th Streets, can still be recognized by its mid-19th century
rowhouses inserted into a neighborhood still retaining many houses of
the 1830–37 boom.
From 1797 until 1829, the bucolic village of Greenwich was the
location of New York State's first penitentiary , Newgate Prison, on
Hudson River at what is now West 10th Street , near the
Christopher Street pier. The building was designed by
Joseph-François Mangin , who would later co-design New York
. Although the intention of its first warden,
Quaker prison reformer
Thomas Eddy , was to provide a rational and humanitarian place for
retribution and rehabilitation, the prison soon became an overcrowded
and pestilent place, subject to frequent riots by the prisoners which
damaged the buildings and killed some inmates. By 1821, the prison,
designed for 432 inmates, held 817 instead, a number made possible
only by the frequent release of prisoners, sometimes as many as 50 a
day. Since the prison was north of New York City, being sentenced to
Newgate became known as being "sent up the river", an expression which
carried over when it was replaced by the new Sing Sing
Ossining, New York .
The oldest house remaining in
Greenwich Village is the
Isaacs-Hendricks House, at 77 Bedford Street (built 1799, much altered
and enlarged 1836, third story 1928). When the Church of St. Luke in
the Fields was founded in 1820 it stood in fields south of the road
(now Christopher Street) that led from Greenwich Lane (now Greenwich
Avenue ) down to a landing on the North River. In 1822, a yellow fever
epidemic in New York encouraged residents to flee to the healthier air
of Greenwich Village, and afterwards many stayed. The future site of
Washington Square was a potter\'s field from 1797 to 1823 when up to
20,000 of New York's poor were buried here, and still remain. The
handsome Greek revival rowhouses on the north side of Washington
Square were built about 1832, establishing the fashion of Washington
Square and lower Fifth Avenue for decades to come. Well into the 19th
century, the district of Washington Square was considered separate
from Greenwich Village.
REPUTATION AS URBAN BOHEMIA
Further information: LGBTQ culture in New York
City Gay Street
at the corner of
Greenwich Village historically was known as an important landmark on
the map of American bohemian culture in the early and mid-twentieth
century. The neighborhood was known for its colorful, artistic
residents and the alternative culture they propagated. Due in part to
the progressive attitudes of many of its residents, the Village was a
focal point of new movements and ideas, whether political, artistic,
or cultural. This tradition as an enclave of avant-garde and
alternative culture was established during the 19th century and into
the 20th century, when small presses, art galleries, and experimental
Tenth Street Studio Building was situated at 51 West 10th Street
between Fifth and Sixth Avenues, the building was commissioned by
James Boorman Johnston and designed by
Richard Morris Hunt . Its
innovative design soon represented a national architectural prototype,
and featured a domed central gallery, from which interconnected rooms
radiated. Hunt's studio within the building housed the first
architectural school in the United States. Soon after its completion
in 1857, the building helped to make
Greenwich Village central to the
arts in New York City, drawing artists from all over the country to
work, exhibit, and sell their art. In its initial years Winslow Homer
took a studio there, as did
Edward Lamson Henry , and many of the
artists of the
Hudson River School , including
Frederic Church and
Albert Bierstadt . The Whitney Museum of American Art\'s
original location , at 8–12 West 8th Street , between Fifth Avenue
MacDougal Street ; currently home to the New York Studio School of
Drawing, Painting and Sculpture .
From the late 19th until the present, the Hotel Albert has served as
a cultural icon of Greenwich Village. Opened during the 1880s and
originally located at 11th Street and University Place, called the
Hotel St. Stephan and then after 1902, called the Hotel Albert while
under the ownership of William Ryder, it served as a meeting place,
restaurant and dwelling for several important artists and writers from
the late 19th century well into the 20th century. After 1902, the
Albert Pinkham Ryder lived and painted there. Some
other noted guests who lived there include:
Augustus St. Gaudens ,
Robert Louis Stevenson ,
Mark Twain ,
Hart Crane ,
Walt Whitman ,
Anaïs Nin ,
Thomas Wolfe ,
Robert Lowell ,
Horton Foote , Salvador
Philip Guston ,
Jackson Pollock , and
Andy Warhol . During
the golden age of bohemianism ,
Greenwich Village became famous for
such eccentrics as Joe Gould (profiled at length by Joseph Mitchell )
Maxwell Bodenheim , dancer
Isadora Duncan , writer William
Faulkner , and playwright Eugene O\'Neill . Political rebellion also
made its home here, whether serious (John Reed ) or frivolous (Marcel
Duchamp and friends set off balloons from atop Washington Square Arch
, proclaiming the founding of "The Independent Republic of Greenwich
Village" on 24 January 1917). The
Cherry Lane Theatre is
located in Greenwich Village. The annual Greenwich Village
Halloween Parade is the world's largest
In 1924, the
Cherry Lane Theatre was established. Located at 38
Commerce Street, it is New York City's oldest continuously running
Off-Broadway theater. A landmark in Greenwich Village’s cultural
landscape, it was built as a farm silo in 1817, and also served as a
tobacco warehouse and box factory before
Edna St. Vincent Millay and
other members of the
Provincetown Players converted the structure into
a theatre they christened the Cherry Lane Playhouse, which opened on
March 24, 1924, with the play _The Man Who Ate the Popomack_. During
The Living Theatre ,
Theatre of the Absurd , and the
Downtown Theater movement all took root there, and it developed a
reputation as a showcase for aspiring playwrights and emerging voices.
In one of the many
Manhattan properties that Gertrude Vanderbilt
Whitney and her husband owned, Gertrude Whitney established the
_Whitney Studio Club_ at 8 West 8th Street in 1914, as a facility
where young artists could exhibit their works. By the 1930s it had
evolved into her greatest legacy, the
Whitney Museum of American Art
Whitney Museum of American Art ,
on the site of today's New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and
Sculpture . The Whitney was founded in 1931, as an answer to the
Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art , founded 1928, and its collection of mostly
European modernism and its neglect of American Art . Gertrude Whitney
decided to put the time and money into the museum after the New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art turned down her offer to contribute her
twenty-five-year collection of modern art works. In 1936, the
Abstract Expressionist artist and teacher
Hans Hofmann moved
his art school from E. 57th Street to 52 West 9th Street. In 1938,
Hofmann moved again to a more permanent home at 52 West 8th Street.
The school remained active until 1958 when Hofmann retired from
On January 8, 1947, stevedore Andy Hintz was fatally shot by hitmen
John M. Dunn , Andrew Sheridan and Danny Gentile in front of his
apartment. Before he died on January 29, he told his wife that "Johnny
Dunn shot me." The three gunmen were immediately arrested. Sheridan
and Dunn were executed.
The Village hosted the nation's first racially integrated nightclub ,
Café Society was opened in 1938 at 1 Sheridan Square by Barney
Café Society showcased
African American talent and was
intended to be an American version of the political cabarets that
Josephson had seen in Europe before
World War I
World War I . Notable performers
Pearl Bailey ,
Count Basie ,
Nat King Cole , John
Miles Davis ,
Ella Fitzgerald ,
Coleman Hawkins , Billie
Lena Horne ,
Burl Ives ,
Lead Belly , Anita O\'Day , Charlie
Les Paul and
Mary Ford ,
Paul Robeson ,
Kay Starr , Art Tatum
Sarah Vaughan ,
Dinah Washington ,
Josh White ,
Teddy Wilson ,
Lester Young , and
The Weavers , who also in Christmas 1949, played at
Village Vanguard .
Greenwich Village Halloween Parade , initiated in 1974 by
Greenwich Village puppeteer and mask maker Ralph Lee, is the world's
Halloween parade and America's only major nighttime parade,
attracting more than 60,000 costumed participants, 2 million in-person
spectators, and a worldwide television audience of over 100 million.
Stonewall Inn at 53
Christopher Street , a designated U.S.
National Historic Landmark and National Monument , as the site of the
Stonewall Riots .
The Village again became important to the bohemian scene during the
1950s, when the
Beat Generation focused their energies there. Fleeing
from what they saw as oppressive social conformity, a loose collection
of writers, poets, artists, and students (later known as the Beats )
Beatniks , moved to Greenwich Village, and to North Beach in
San Francisco , in many ways creating the east-coast and west-coast
predecessors respectively to the
Haight-Ashbury -East Village hippie
scene of the next decade. The Village (and surrounding New York City)
would later play central roles in the writings of, among others, Jack
Allen Ginsberg ,
William S. Burroughs , James Baldwin ,
Truman Capote ,
Marianne Moore ,
Maya Angelou ,
Rod McKuen , and Dylan
Thomas , who collapsed at the Chelsea Hotel and died at St. Vincents
Hospital at 170 West 12th Street, in the Village after drinking at the
White Horse Tavern on November 5, 1953.
Off-Broadway began in
Greenwich Village in 1958 as a reaction to
Off Broadway , and a "complete rejection of commercial theatre".
Among the first venues for what would soon be called
"Off-Off-Broadway" (a term supposedly coined by critic Jerry Tallmer
of the _
Village Voice _) were coffeehouses in Greenwich Village, in
Caffe Cino at 31 Cornelia Street, operated by the
Joe Cino , who early on took a liking to actors and
playwrights and agreed to let them stage plays there without bothering
to read the plays first, or to even find out much about the content.
Also integral to the rise of Off-
Ellen Stewart at La
MaMa , originally located at 321 E. 9th Street, and
Al Carmines at the
Judson Poets' Theater, located at
Judson Memorial Church on the south
Washington Square Park .
Blue Note Jazz Club
The Village had a cutting-edge cabaret and music scene. _The Village
Gate _, the _
Village Vanguard _, and _The Blue Note _ (since 1981),
regularly hosted some of the biggest names in jazz . Greenwich Village
also played a major role in the development of the folk music scene of
the 1960s. Music clubs included _Gerde\'s Folk
City _, _The Bitter End
Cafe Au Go Go _, _
Cafe Wha? _, _
The Gaslight Cafe _ and _The
Bottom Line _. Three of the four members of
The Mamas & the Papas met
there. Guitarist and folk singer
Dave Van Ronk lived there for many
years. Village resident and cultural icon
Bob Dylan by the mid-60s had
become one of the world's foremost popular songwriters, and often
Greenwich Village would influence the simultaneously
occurring folk rock movement in
San Francisco and elsewhere, and vice
versa. Dozens of other cultural and popular icons got their start in
the Village's nightclub, theater, and coffeehouse scene during the
1950s, 1960s, and early 1970s, including
Jimi Hendrix , Barbra
Peter, Paul, and Mary ,
Bette Midler , The Lovin\'
Simon & Garfunkel ,
Liza Minnelli ,
Jackson Browne , James
Eric Andersen ,
Joan Baez , The Clancy Brothers and Tommy
The Velvet Underground ,
The Kingston Trio ,
Carly Simon ,
Richie Havens ,
Maria Muldaur ,
Tom Paxton ,
Janis Ian ,
Phil Ochs ,
Joni Mitchell ,
Laura Nyro , and
Nina Simone . The Greenwich Village
of the 1950s and 1960s was at the center of
Jane Jacobs 's book _The
Death and Life of Great American Cities _, which defended it and
similar communities, while criticizing common urban renewal policies
of the time.
Founded by New York-based artist
Mercedes Matter and her students,
New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting and Sculpture is an
art school formed in the mid-1960s in the Village. Officially opened
September 23, 1964, the school is still active, at 8 W. 8th Street,
the site of the original
Whitney Museum of American Art
Whitney Museum of American Art .
Greenwich Village was home to a safe house used by the radical
anti-war movement known as the Weather Underground . On March 6, 1970,
their safehouse was destroyed when an explosive device that they were
constructing was accidentally detonated, killing three of their
Ted Gold ,
Terry Robbins , and
Diana Oughton ).
The Village has been a center for movements that challenged the wider
American culture, for example, its role in the gay liberation
Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent
demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid
that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the
Stonewall Inn , 53
Christopher Street . They are widely considered to
constitute the single most important event leading to the gay
liberation movement and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United
States . On June 23, 2015, the
Stonewall Inn was the first landmark
in New York
City to be recognized by the New York
Preservation Commission on the basis of its status in LGBT history,
and on June 24, 2016, the
Stonewall National Monument was named the
first U.S. National Monument dedicated to the LGBTQ-rights movement.
Greenwich Village contains the world's oldest gay and lesbian
Oscar Wilde Bookshop , founded in 1967, while The Lesbian,
Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Community Center – best known as simply
"The Center" – has occupied the former Food "> The Washington
Square Arch , an unofficial icon of
Greenwich Village and nearby New
Since end of the twentieth century, many artists and local historians
have mourned the fact that the bohemian days of
Greenwich Village are
long gone, because of the extraordinarily high housing costs in the
neighborhood. The artists fled to other New York
including SoHo ,
Tribeca , Dumbo Williamsburg , and
Nevertheless, residents of
Greenwich Village still possess a strong
community identity and are proud of their neighborhood's unique
history and fame, and its well-known liberal live-and-let-live
Historically, local residents and preservation groups have been
concerned about development in the Village and have fought to preserve
its architectural and historic integrity. In the 1960s, Margot Gayle
led a group of citizens to preserve the Jefferson Market Courthouse
(later reused as Jefferson Market Library) while other citizen groups
fought to keep traffic out of Washington Square Park, and Jane Jacobs
, using the Village as an example of a vibrant urban community,
advocated to keep it that way.
Since then, preservation has been a part of the Village ethos.
Shortly after the New York
City Landmarks Preservation Commission
(LPC) was established in 1965, it acted to protect parts of Greenwich
Village, designating the small Charlton-King-Vandam Historic District
in 1966, which contains the city's largest concentration of row houses
in the Federal style, as well as a significant concentration of Greek
Revival houses, and the even smaller MacDougal-Sullivan Gardens
Historic District in 1967, a group of 22 houses sharing a common back
garden, built in the Greek Revival style and later renovated with
Colonial Revival façades. In 1969, the LPC designated the Greenwich
Village Historic District — for four decades, the city’s largest
— despite preservationists' advocacy for the entire neighborhood to
be designated an historic district. Advocates continued to pursue
their goal of additional designation, spurred in particular by the
increased pace of development in the 1990s.
Jefferson Market Library , once a courthouse, now serves as a
branch of the
New York Public Library
New York Public Library .
Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation (GVSHP), a
nonprofit organization dedicated to the architectural and cultural
character and heritage of the neighborhood, successfully proposed new
districts and individual landmarks to the LPC. Those include:
* Gansevoort Market Historic District was the first new historic
Greenwich Village in 34 years. The 112 buildings on 11
blocks protect the city’s distinctive
Meatpacking District with its
cobblestone streets, warehouses and rowhouses. About 70 percent of the
area proposed by GVSHP in 2000 was designated a historic district by
the LPC in 2003, while the entire area was listed on the State and
National Registers of Historic Places in 2007.
Weehawken Street Historic District , designated in 2006, is a
14-building, three-block district near the
Hudson River centering on
Weehawken Street and containing an array of architecture
including a sailors’ hotel, former stables, and a wooden house.
Greenwich Village Historic District Extension I, designated in
2006, brought 46 more buildings on three blocks into the district,
thus protecting warehouses, a former public school and police station,
and early 19th century rowhouses. Both the
Weehawken Street Historic
District and the
Greenwich Village Historic District Extension I were
designated by the LPC in response to the larger proposal for a Far
West Village Historic District submitted by GVSHP in 2004.
Greenwich Village Historic District Extension II, designated in
2010, embracing 225 buildings on 12 blocks, contains 19th century
houses, 19th and 20th century tenements, and a variety of cultural
South Village Historic District , designated in 2013, covers 235
buildings on 13 blocks, representing the largest single expansion of
landmark protections in
Greenwich Village since 1969. It includes
well-preserved and renovated 19th century houses, colorful tenements,
and a variety of sites important to the area's rich immigrant,
artistic, and Italian-American history, as well as several low-rise,
New York University
New York University buildings on Washington
The Landmarks Preservation Commission designated as landmarks several
individual sites proposed by the
Greenwich Village Society for
Historic Preservation, including the former Bell Telephone Labs
Complex (1861-1933), now Westbeth Artists\' Housing , designated in
2011; the Silver Towers/University Village Complex (1967), designed
I.M. Pei and including the Picasso sculpture “Portrait of
Sylvette,” designated in 2008; and three early 19th-century federal
houses at 127, 129 and 131 MacDougal Street.
Several contextual rezonings were enacted in
Greenwich Village in
recent years to limit the size and height of allowable new development
in the neighborhood, and to encourage the preservation of existing
buildings. The following were proposed by the GVSHP and passed by the
City Planning Commission :
West Village Rezoning, approved in 2005, was the first
Manhattan in many years, putting in place new height
caps, thus ending construction of high-rise waterfront towers in much
of the Village and encouraging the reuse of existing buildings.
* Washington and
Greenwich Street Rezoning, approved in 2010, was
passed in near-record time to protect six blocks from out-of-scale
hotel development and maintain the low-rise character.
New York University
New York University and
Greenwich Village preservationists have been
embroiled in a conflict over campus expansion versus preservation of
the scale and Bohemian character of the Village.
As one press critic put it in 2013, "For decades, New York University
has waged architectural war on Greenwich Village." Recent examples of
the university clashing with the community, often led by the Greenwich
Village Society for Historic Preservation, include the destruction of
the 85 West Third Street house where
Edgar Allan Poe lived from
1844-5, which NYU promised to rebuild using original materials, but
then claimed not to have enough bricks to do so; the construction of
the 26-story Founders Hall dorm behind the façade of demolished St.
Ann’s Church at 120 East Twelfth Street, which advocates protested
as being out of scale for the low-rise area, and received assurances
from NYU, which then built all 26 stories anyway; and the demolition
in 2009 of the Provincetown Playhouse and Apartments, over protests.
In 2008, as part of a multi-stakeholder Community Task Force on NYU
Development, the university agreed to a set of "Planning Principles."
Yet advocates did not find NYU to follow the principles in practice,
culminating in a successful lawsuit against the university's "NYU
2031" plan for expansion.
Greenwich Village is served by the 8th Avenue A C E trains, the
6th Avenue B D F M trains, the 1
4th Street L train, and the 7th
Avenue 1 2 3 trains of the New York
City Subway ; the 1
4th Street /
Sixth Avenue , 1
4th Street – Eighth Avenue , West Fourth Street –
Washington Square , and
Christopher Street – Sheridan Square
stations are in the neighborhood. Local MTA-New York
City Bus routes
are the M55 , M7 , M11 , M14 , and M20 buses. On the PATH , the
Christopher Street , Ninth Street , and 1
4th Street stations are in
POINTS OF INTEREST
Greenwich Village includes several collegiate institutions. Since the
New York University
New York University (NYU) has had a campus there. In 1973 NYU
moved its campus in the University Heights section of the West Bronx
to Greenwich Village. In 1976
Yeshiva University established the
Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in the northern part of Greenwich
Village. In the 1980s
Hebrew Union College was built in Greenwich
New School , with its Parsons The
New School for Design ,
a division of The New School, and the School's Graduate School
expanded in the 2000s, with the renovated, award-winning design of the
Sheila C. Johnson Design Center at 66 Fifth Avenue on 13th Street. The
Cooper Union is located in Greenwich Village, at
Astor Place , near
St. Mark\'s Place on the border of the East Village . Pratt Institute
established its latest
Manhattan campus in an adaptively reused
Brunner "> Christopher Park, part of the Stonewall National
Washington Square Park is the center and heart of the
neighborhood. Additionally, the Village has several other, smaller
parks: Christopher, Father Fagan, Minetta Triangle, Petrosino Square,
Little Red Square, and Time Landscape. There are also city
DeSalvio Playground , Minetta, Thompson Street
, Bleecker Street, Downing Street, Mercer Street, Cpl. John A.
Seravelli, and William Passannante Ballfield. Perhaps the most famous,
though, is "The Cage", officially known as the West Fourth Street
Courts . Sitting atop the West Fourth Street – Washington Square
subway station (A B C D E F M trains) at Sixth Avenue, the
courts are easily accessible to basketball and American handball
players from all over New York. The Cage has become one of the most
important tournament sites for the citywide "
Streetball " amateur
basketball tournament. Since 1975, New York University's art
collection has been housed at the
Grey Art Gallery bordering
Washington Square Park, at 100 Washington Square East. The Grey Art
Gallery is notable for its museum-quality exhibitions of contemporary
The Village has a bustling performing arts scene. It is home to many
Off Broadway and Off-
Off-Broadway theaters; for instance, _Blue Man
Group _ has taken up residence in the
Astor Place Theater. _The
Village Gate _ (until 1992), the _
Village Vanguard _ and _The Blue
Note _ are still presenting some of the biggest names in jazz on a
regular basis. Other music clubs include _
The Bitter End ,_ and
_Lion\'s Den _. The village has its own orchestra aptly named the
Greenwich Village Orchestra _. Comedy clubs dot the Village as well,
Comedy Cellar _, where many American stand-up comedians got
Several publications have offices in the Village, most notably the
citywide newsweekly _The
Village Voice _, and the monthly magazines
_Fortune _ and _American Heritage _. The
National Audubon Society ,
having relocated its national headquarters from a mansion in Carnegie
Hill to a restored and very green , former industrial building in NoHo
, relocated to smaller but even greener LEED certified digs at 225
Varick Street, on
Houston Street near the
Film Forum .
Greenwich Village residents are zoned to two elementary schools: PS
3, Melser Charrette School, and
PS 41 ,
Greenwich Village School.
Residents are zoned to Baruch Middle School 104. Residents apply to
various New York
City high schools.
Greenwich Village High School was
a private high school formerly located in the area, but later moved to
Greenwich Village is home to
New York University
New York University , which owns large
sections of the area and most of the buildings around Washington
Square Park. To the north is the campus of The
New School , which is
housed in several buildings that are considered historical landmarks
because of their innovative architecture. New School's Sheila Johnson
Design Center doubles as a public art gallery.
Cooper Union has been
located in the East Village since its founding in 1859.
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Main category: People from
Greenwich Village has long been a popular neighborhood for numerous
artists and other notable people. Past and present notable residents
Edward Albee , playwright
Alec Baldwin , actor
Richard Barone , musician, producer
Brie Bella (born 1986), wrestler
Nate Berkus , interior designer
Matthew Broderick , actor
* Barbara Pierce Bush , daughter of former U.S. President George W.
Francesco Carrozzini (born 1982), film director and photographer
Jessica Chastain , actress
Francesco Clemente (born 1952) contemporary artist
* Jacob Cohen (1923-1983), statistician and psychologist
Anderson Cooper , CNN anchor
Robert De Niro (born 1943), actor
Brian De Palma (born 1940), screenwriter
Floyd Dell (1887-1969), novelist, playwright, poet and managing
editor of _
The Masses _
Leonardo DiCaprio (born 1974), actor
Steve Earle (born 1955), musician
Crystal Eastman (1881-1928), lawyer and leader in the fight for
* Maurice Evans (1901-1989), British actor noted for his
interpretations of Shakespearean characters
Andrew Garfield (born 1983), actor
John P. Hammond (born 1942), blues singer and guitarist
Jerry Herman (born 1931), composer and lyricist
Marc Jacobs , fashion designer
Annie Leibovitz (born 1949), photographer
Arthur MacArthur IV (born 1938), musician, son of General Douglas
Edna St. Vincent Millay , poet and playwright
Julianne Moore (born 1960), actress
Bebe Neuwirth (born 1958), actress
Edward Norton (born 1969), actor and filmmaker
* Rosie O\'Donnell , actress and comedian
Mary-Kate Olsen , actress and fashion designer
Mary-Louise Parker , actress
Sarah Jessica Parker , actress
Sean Parker (born 1979), entrepreneur
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), poet and novelist
Leontyne Price (born 1927), soprano
Daniel Radcliffe (born 1989), actor
Gilda Radner (1946-1989), actress and comedian
Rachael Ray , television personality and cook
Julia Roberts , actress
Susan Sarandon (born 1946), actress
John Sebastian (born 1944), musician
Amy Sedaris (born 1961), actress
James Spader , actor
Pat Steir (born 1938), painter and printmaker
Emma Stone (born 1988), actress
Uma Thurman (born 1970), actress
Marisa Tomei (born 1964), actress
Calvin Trillin (born 1935), feature writer for _The New Yorker_
Liv Tyler (born 1977), actress
Edgar Varèse (1883-1965), French-born composer
Anna Wintour (born 1949), editor-in-chief of _Vogue _ magazine
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* In the
DC Comics universe ,
Wonder Woman lived in the "Village" in
City (never called by its full name, but clearly depicted as
Greenwich Village) during the late 1960s and early 1970s, when she had
lost most of her superpowers.
Madame Xanadu lived on
Chrystie Street ,
described alternately as being in "Greenwich Village" and the "East
* In the
Marvel Comics universe , Master of the Mystic Arts and
Sorcerer Supreme ,
Doctor Strange , lives in a brownstone mansion in
Greenwich Village. Doctor Strange's
Sanctum Sanctorum is located at
Bleecker Street .
* In Alfred Hitchcock\'s _
Rear Window _ (1954)
James Stewart 's
character lives in a
Greenwich Village apartment.
* In _
Wonderful Town _ (1953), the Sherwood sisters leave 1935
Columbus, Ohio , for
Greenwich Village to pursue their dreams of
becoming a writer (Ruth) and an actress (Eileen). Their apartment was
said to be on
Christopher Street , though the actual apartment of
Ruth McKenney and her sister
Eileen McKenney was at 14 Gay
* In _
Funny Face _ (1957), Jo Stockton (
Audrey Hepburn ) works at a
bookstore called Embryo Concepts in the Village, where she is
discovered by Dick Avery (
Fred Astaire ).
* In _Wait Until Dark _ (1967), Susy Hendrix (
Audrey Hepburn ) lives
at 4 St. Luke's Place.
Next Stop, Greenwich Village _ (1976) chronicles the story of a
young Jewish boy in 1953 who moves to the Village, looking to break
The Pope of Greenwich Village _ (1984 _centers on a maître d\'
Mickey Rourke ) in the Italian section of the Village._
* _Big Daddy _ (1999),
Adam Sandler and Cole /
Dylan Sprouse 's
characters live in a
Greenwich Village apartment.
Chinese Coffee _ (2000), an independent film by
Al Pacino , which
features Pacino and
Jerry Orbach , is set in
Greenwich Village in
The Collector of Bedford Street _ (2002) is a documentary set in
Greenwich village. It is about the neighborhood block association on
Bedford street setting up a trust fund for a mentally disabled man
named Larry Selman.
* In _I Am Legend _ (2007)
Will Smith 's character lives in
Washington Square .
Greenwich Village is the setting for the restaurant 22 Bleecker in
Catherine Zeta-Jones ,
Aaron Eckhart and
Abigail Breslin movie _No
Reservations _ (2007).
* In _Wanderlust _ (2012) the characters played by
Paul Rudd and
Jennifer Aniston live in a New York
City apartment located in the West
* The Coen brothers' _
Inside Llewyn Davis _ (2013) depicts the
Village in the early 1960s, focusing on the emerging folk scene.
Greenwich Village is a playable multiplayer map in the _Freedom
Fighters _ (2003) video game.
* In her non-fiction,
Jane Jacobs frequently cites Greenwich Village
as an example of a vibrant urban community, most notably in her 1961
The Death and Life of Great American Cities _.
O. Henry 's short story, "The Last Leaf", is set in Greenwich
* The anti-hero of the book _
Mother Night _ by author Kurt Vonnegut
, and the film of the same name , Howard W. Campbell Jr., resides in
Greenwich Village after
World War II
World War II and prior to his arrest by the
Lesley M. M. Blume 's children's novel, _Cornelia and the
Audacious Escapades of the Somerset Sisters_, the main characters
reside in Greenwich Village.
* The suggestion of moving to the Village shocks newlywed New York
aristocrat Jamie "Rick" Ricklehouse in
Nora Johnson 's 1985 novel
_Tender Offer_. The implication is telling of the Village's reputation
in the New York of the 1960s before mass gentrification when it was
perceived as lowly and beneath upper class society.
* The cover photo for _The Freewheelin\'
Bob Dylan _ (1963) of Dylan
and his then-girlfriend
Suze Rotolo was taken on Jones Street near
4th Street in Greenwich Village, near their apartment.
* In an interview with
Jann Wenner ,
John Lennon said: "I should
have been born in New York, I should have been born in the Village,
that's where I belong.".
Buddy Holly and his wife
Maria Elena Santiago lived in Apartment
4H of the Brevoort Apartments, at 11 Fifth Avenue in Greenwich
Village. Here he recorded the series of acoustic songs, including
Crying, Waiting, Hoping " and "What to Do," known as the "Apartment
Tapes," which were released after his death.
_ 90 Bedford Street, used for exterior shot in
* The ABC sitcom _
Barney Miller _ (1975–82) was set at the
fictional 12th precinct NYPD station in Greenwich Village.
NBC sitcom _
Friends _ (1994–2004) is set in the Village.
Central Perk was apparently on Mercer or
Houston Street, down the
block from the
Angelika Film Center ; and Phoebe lived at 5 Morton
Street. The building in the exterior shot of Chandler , Joey , Rachel
, and Monica 's apartment building is at the corner of Grove and
Bedford Streets in the
West Village . One of the show's working
titles was _Once Upon a Time in the West Village_.
* The Village features prominently throughout the six seasons of
Mad Men _. In Season 1,
Don Draper is having an affair with artist
Midge Daniels , who lives in the Village. In Season 4, Don moves to an
Waverly Place and Sixth Avenue (specified, for example,
in "Public Relations "). And in Season 6, Betty Francis goes to
Greenwich Village looking for a family friend, in "
The Doorway ", and
Joan Harris and her girlfriend Kate go on a night on the town that
culminates at the Electric Circus , in "
To Have and to Hold ".
* On _Sex and the
City _ (1998–2004), exterior shots of Carrie
Bradshaw 's apartment building are of 66 Perry Street, even though her
address is given as on the
Upper East Side .
NBC Sitcom _
The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show _ (1984–92) made several
references to the Village during its run, and the townhouse used for
exterior shots, though purportedly set in Brooklyn for purposes of the
show, is actually located at 10 St. Luke's Place.
* _The Real World: Back to New York _, the 2001 season of the MTV
reality television series _
The Real World
The Real World _, was filmed in the
Village Barn _ (1948–50), the first country music show on
network television (
NBC ) originated from a nightclub of the same name
in the basement of 52 West 8th Street .
Greenwich Village is the setting for Disney's _Wizards of Waverly
Place _ and _
Girl Meets World _.
Bell, Book and Candle
* New York
* List of New York
National Register of Historic Places listings in New York County,
* Gay Street,
Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation
* The Church of the Ascension
Village Care of New York
The Market NYC
* ^ /ˈɡrɛnᵻtʃ/ _GREN-ich_ , /ˈɡrɛnᵻdʒ/ _GREN-ij_ ,
/ˈɡrɪnᵻtʃ/ _GRIN-ich_ , /ˈɡrɪnᵻdʒ/ _GRIN-ij_ .
* ^ During the period of Dutch control over the area, the Village
was called _Noortwyck_ ("Northern District", because of its location
north of the original settlement on
Manhattan Island ). (The Dutch
colony was seized by Great Britain in 1664 .) Dutch colonist Yellis
Mandeville, who moved to the Village in the 1670s, called it
_Groenwijck_ after the settlement on
Long Island , where he previously
* ^ James Boorman Johnston (1822–1887) was a son of the prominent
Scottish-born New York merchant John Johnston, in partnership with
James Boorman (1783–1866) as Boorman a group portrait of the
_Johnston Children_, 1831, is at the Museum of the
City of New York .
* ^ The
Angelika Film Center was said to be "up the block" from
Central Perk in "The One Where Ross Hugs Rachel", the sixth season's
second episode, placing the coffee house on Mercer Street or Houston.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "
Greenwich Village neighborhood in New York, New
York (NY), 10003, 10011, 10012 subdivision profile - real estate,
apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income,
streets". City-data.com. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
* ^ "
Greenwich Village neighborhood in New York, New York (NY),
10003, 10011, 10012 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments,
condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets".
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Information System". _National Register of Historic Places_. National
* ^ "NYPL Map Division, Greenwich Village". Nyplmaps.tumblr.com.
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* ^ "Greenwich Village". nnp.org. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Campus Map". _New York University_. New York
University. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "New York Campus". _New York University_. New York
University. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
* ^ Strenberg, Adam (November 12, 2007). "Embers of
Gentrification". _New York Magazine_. p. 5.
* ^ Erin Carlyle (October 8, 2014). "New York Dominates 2014 List
of America\'s Most Expensive ZIP Codes". Forbes. Retrieved October 12,
West Village Housing, "trulia.com" Accessed January 13, 2016.
* ^ F.Y.I., "When did the East Village become the East Village and
stop being part of the Lower East Side?", Jesse McKinley, _New York
Times _, June 1, 1995. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
* ^ "Village History". The
Greenwich Village Society for Historic
Preservation. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
* ^ Gold 1988, p. 6
* ^ Harris, Luther S. (2003). _Around Washington Square: An
Illustrated History of Greenwich Village_. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins
University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-7341-6 .
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Walsh, Kevin (November 1999). "The Street
Necrology of Greenwich Village". _
Forgotten NY _. Retrieved August 17,
* ^ "Landmark Maps: Historic District Maps: Manhattan". Nyc.gov.
Archived from the original on September 9, 2010. Retrieved September
* ^ Gold 1988, p. 2
* ^ Stokes, I.N. Phelps (1915–28). _The iconography of Manhattan
Island, 1498-1909 (v. 6)_. New York, NY: Robert H. Dodd. p. 159.
Retrieved January 3, 2015.
* ^ Gold 1988, p. 3
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Burrows & Wallace, pp. 366–367
* ^ Burrow & Wallace, p. 448
* ^ _A_ _B_ Nevius, Michelle & Nevius, James (2009), _Inside the
Apple: A Streetwise History of New York City_, New York: Free Press,
ISBN 141658997X , p. 53
* ^ Burrows & Wallace, p. 369
* ^ Burrows & Wallace, pp. 505–506
* ^ Kevin Walsh, _Forgotten New York: The Ultimate Urban Explorer's
Guide to All Five Boroughs_, 2006:155.
* ^ "_Evoking the World of Winslow Homer_". New York Times. August
17, 1997. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
* ^ "History of the Tenth Street Studio". Tfaoi.com. November 16,
1997. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved January
* ^ "Hotel Albert history". Thehotelalbert.com. Retrieved January
* ^ Gray, Christopher. "The Albert Hotel Addresses Its Myths", _The
New York Times_, April 15, 2011. Accessed June 21, 2016.
* ^ "The Daily Plant, _The Free And Independent Republic Of
Washington Square_". Nycgovparks.org. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
* ^ _Arch Conspirators,_ Atlas Obscura
* ^ Berman, Avis (1990). _Rebels on Eighth Street: Juliana Force
and the Whitney Museum of American Art_. New York: Atheneum.
* ^ "
Hans Hofmann Estate, retrieved December 19, 2008".
Hanshofmann.org. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008.
Retrieved September 21, 2010.
* ^ "National Affairs: A Date at The Dance Hall". _
March 7, 1949. p. 1.
* ^ "National Affairs: A Date at The Dance Hall". _Time.com_. March
7, 1949. p. 2.
* ^ William Robert Taylor, _Inventing Times Square: commerce and
culture at the crossroads of the world_ 1991:176
* ^ Many sources give the address at 2 Sheridan Square: "Barney
Josephson, Owner of Cafe Society
Jazz Club, Is Dead at 86", _The New
York Times _; see history of "The theater at One Sheridan Square"
Archived October 11, 2016, at the
Wayback Machine ..
* ^ Village
Halloween Parade. "History of the Parade". Retrieved
July 28, 2014.
* ^ "Workforce Diversity The Stonewall Inn, National Historic
Landmark National Register Number: 99000562". National Park Service,
US Dept. of Interior. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "
Stonewall Inn Named
National Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". _The New York
Times_. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
* ^ Viagas (2004, p. 72)
* ^ Matter, Mercedes (2002). "New York Studio School of Drawing,
Painting and Sculpture: The School: Its History". _nyss.org_. New York
Studio School. Archived from the original on 26 April 2009. Retrieved
27 February 2016.
National Park Service
National Park Service (2008). "Workforce Diversity: The
National Historic Landmark National Register Number:
99000562". US Dept. of Interior. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
* ^ "Obama inaugural speech references Stonewall gay-rights riots".
North Jersey Media Group. January 21, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
* ^ Associated Press (June 23, 2015). "NYC grants landmark status
to gay rights movement building". North Jersey Media Group. Retrieved
June 23, 2015.
* ^ Eli Rosenberg (June 24, 2016). "
Stonewall Inn Named National
Monument, a First for the Gay Rights Movement". _The New York Times_.
Retrieved June 24, 2016.
* ^ _A_ _B_
* Roberts, Rex (July 29, 2002). "When
Greenwich Village was a
Bohemian paradise". _Insight on the News_.
* Harris, Paul (August 14, 2005). "New York\'s heart loses its
beat". _Arts_. London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
* Kugelmass, Jack (November 1993). ""The Fun Is in Dressing up": The
Greenwich Village Halloween Parade and the Reimagining of Urban
Space". _Social Text_. 36 (36): 138–152.
JSTOR 466393 . doi
* Lydersen, Kari (March 15, 1999). "SHAME OF THE CITIES:
Gentrification in the New Urban America". _LiP Magazine_.
* Desloovere, Hesper (November 15, 2007). "
City Living: Greenwich
Village". _New York City_. Newsday. Retrieved December 2, 2007.
* Fieldsteel, Patricia (October 19, 2005). "Remembering a time when
the Village was affordable". _The Villager_. New York: Community Media
LLC. 75 (22).
* ^ The
New York Times
New York Times (September 30, 2008). "Margot Gayle, Urban
Preservationist and Crusader With Style, Dies at 100". Retrieved May
* ^ NYC Dept. of Parks and Recreation. "Shirley Hayes and the
Preservation of Washington Square Park".
* ^ The
Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation.
"Preservation". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The
New York Times
New York Times (September 11, 2003). "Blood on the Street,
and it\'s Chic". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The Villager. "Gansevoort Historic District Gets Final Approval
From City". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ The Observer. "Village Historic District Extension".
Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The
New York Times
New York Times (June 22, 2010). "Panel Enlarges Landmark
Zone and Cites 2 Bronx Sites". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The Villager. "Positively South Village: LPC Votes to Expand
Historic District". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The Villager. "
City Dubs Westbeth a Landmark". Retrieved March
* ^ The
New York Times
New York Times (November 18, 2008). "Pei\'s University
Village Tops List of 7 Landmarks". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ The Sun. "City, Landmarks Looking to Rezone Part of West
Village". Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ Crain's NY Business. "Council Approves 2 Village Rezonings".
Retrieved March 4, 2014.
* ^ Eli Rosenberg (March 19, 2014). "After A Long War, Can NYU and
the Village Ever Make Peace?". Vox Media Inc. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
* ^ Russell, James (December 11, 2013). "NYU Blights Village With
Dumpsters, Fencing, Concrete". Bloomberg. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
* ^ Anderson, Lincoln (August 2, 2006). "Conceding nothing, NYU
starts building megadorm" (Vol. 76, No. 11). The Villager. Retrieved
August 8, 2014.
* ^ "Neighbors and Preservationists Protest...". _www.gvshp.org_.
GVSHP. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
* ^ Arenson, Karen (January 30, 2008). "NYU Offers An Accord on
Growth". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
* ^ Bagli, Charles (January 7, 2014). "Judge Blocks Part of NYU\'s
Plan for Four Towers in Greenwich Village". The New York Times.
Retrieved August 8, 2014.
* ^ Wilson, Claire (April 6, 2008). "Audubon\'s New Home Brings the
Outdoors In". _The New York Times_.
* ^ “From a Joke, a School Is Born in the Village”, _New York
Times_, September 18, 2008
* ^ “Parents ‘work hard and take a risk’ to form a high
school”, _The Villager_, September 24, 2008
* ^ “New private high school find home in Soho on Vandam St.”,
_The Villager_, November 21, 2008
* ^ "The New School". Newschool.edu. August 25, 2010. Retrieved
September 21, 2010.
* ^ "The New School: Johnson Design Center". Newschool.edu.
Retrieved September 21, 2010.
* ^ _Peter Cooper_. Columbia University Libraries. 1891. Retrieved
December 11, 2012.
* ^ _Henry Whitney Bellows Lecture_ (PDF).
Cooper Union Engineering
Faculty. 1999. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Biography,
Edward Albee Society. Accessed June 21,
2016. "Albee spent the 1950s living in
Greenwich Village in a number
of apartments and working a variety of odd jobs (for example, a
telegram delivery person) to supplement his monthly stipend from a
trust fund left for him by his paternal grandmother."
* ^ Budin, Jeremiah. "
Alec Baldwin Expands Devonshire House Empire
Curbed New York, September 5, 2013. Accessed June 21, 2016.
"First Hathaway wants out of Dumbo, then Harris moves into Harlem, and
Alec Baldwin is staying right where he is in
Greenwich Village and
just buying up more space in the building he already lives in."
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ _M_ _N_ _O_ _P_
"The 2014 NYC Celebrity Star Map Infographic", Address Report, May 12,
2014. Accessed November 3, 2016.
* ^ Spokony, Sam. "
Richard Barone is \'cool\' with where he is
right now", _The Villager _, October 25, 2012. Accessed June 21, 2016.
"And as a longtime
Greenwich Village resident, Barone has certainly
been just as active: He’s maintained a presence as a community
advocate, contributed valuable effort to a local nonprofit, and
recently took on a professorship at New York University."
* ^ Hainey, Michael. "
Nate Berkus and Jeremiah Brent Share Their
City Apartment and Daughter Poppy’s Nursery; In Greenwich
Village, star designers
Nate Berkus and Jeremiah Brent—and their
daughter, Poppy—settle in to family life in spirited style",
Architectural Digest _, September 30, 2015. Accessed June 21, 2016.
* ^ Marino, Vivian. "Sarah Jessica Parker’s House Sells for
$18.25 Million", _The New York Times_, July 3, 2015. Accessed June 21,
2016. "A 25-foot-wide Greek Revival-style townhouse on a prime
tree-lined street in
Greenwich Village that
Sarah Jessica Parker and
Matthew Broderick bought, refurbished and promptly returned to the
market, sold for $18,250,000 and was the most expensive closed sale of
the week, according to city records."
* ^ _A_ _B_ Johnson, Richard (9 November 2006). "Page Six: Secure
New York Post _. Archived from the original on 21 December
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Kurutz, Steven. "What Do Anna Wintour
Bob Dylan Have in Common? This Secret Garden", _The New York
Times_, September 28, 2016. Accessed November 3, 2016. "The house is
part of the Macdougal-Sullivan Gardens Historic District, a landmarked
community of 21 row homes, with 11 lining Macdougal Street and 10
running parallel on Sullivan Street."
* ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Jacob Cohen, 74, Psychologist And Pioneer in
Statistical Studies", _The New York Times_, February 7, 1998. Accessed
June 21, 2016. "Dr. Jacob Cohen, a professor emeritus of psychology at
New York University
New York University who reinvented some of the ways researchers in the
behavioral sciences gather and interpret their statistics, died on
Jan. 20 at St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center. He was 74 and a
Greenwich Village and South Wellfleet on Cape Cod in
* ^ "Secure Location".
Bowery Boogie. Archived from the original on
December 27, 2009.
* ^ Bosworth, Patricia (February 3, 2014). "The Shadow King".
_Vanity Fair _.
* ^ Turner, Christopher . _Adventures in the Orgasmatron_,
excerpted in _The New York Times_, September 23, 2011. Accessed
November 2, 2016. "
Greenwich Village bohemians, such as the writers
Max Eastman and Floyd Dell, the anarchist Emma Goldman, who had been
"deeply impressed by the lucidity" of Freud's 1909 lectures, and Mabel
Dodge, who ran an avant-garde salon in her apartment on Fifth Avenue,
adapted psychoanalysis to create their own free-love philosophy."
* ^ Seabrook, John (June 11, 2007). "Transplant".
The New Yorker .
* ^ "
Crystal Eastman (1881-1928); Radical Feminist from Greenwich
College of Staten Island . Accessed November 2, 2016.
Crystal Eastman was born in Marlborough, Mass. on June 25, 1881. She
graduated from Vassar College Poughkeepsie, N.Y. in 1903 and moved to
Greenwich Village that same year."
* ^ "No. 50 West 10th Street -- A Carriage House with Broadway
History", Daytonian in Manhattan, June 14, 2011. Accessed November 3,
2016. "In 1949 Evans purchased No. 50 West 10th, starting its
tradition as the home to celebrated theatrical names. When Evans sold
the house in May 1965 for $120,000, it was the illustrious playwright
Edward Albee who moved in.... Only three years later Albee sold the
house to composer and lyricist
Jerry Herman for $210,000."
* ^ "Secure Location". New York Post. December 3, 2009.
* ^ Nye, James. "Hermits strike it rich! How unemployed man, 73,
was paid $17MILLION to leave rent-controlled
_Daily Mail_, March 2, 2014. Accessed December 19, 2016. "The third
was registered as David Jordan, but the Zeckendorf brothers were
shocked to discover that his real name was
Arthur MacArthur IV - the
World War II
World War II General and 'American Caesar', Douglas
MacArthur.... The gifted musician was paid $650,000 to leave the
Mayflower and moved to
Greenwich Village - where he remains to this
* ^ Gray, Christopher (November 10, 1996). "For Rent: 3-Floor
House, 9 1/2 Ft. Wide, $6,000 a Month". The New York Times. Retrieved
14 December 2015.
* ^ Doonan, Simon. "Julianne Moore’s Verdant New York City
Garden: After a false start designing her own garden, the actress taps
Brian Sawyer to give her a playful, romantic sanctuary in the heart of
the West Village", _Architectural Digest_, February 29, 2012. Accessed
November 3, 2016. "'I had several goes at the garden, and it was just
a disaster,' says the affable, distinctly un-Hollywood Moore,
gesturing toward her 1,000-square-foot
Greenwich Village backyard."
* ^ Wilonsky, Robert. "Lilith Fare: A Chat with Bebe Neuwirth",
Dallas Observer _, May 25, 2007. Accessed November 3, 2016. "She
doesn’t have cable and only watches TV at night on the few broadcast
stations she can pick up in her home in Greenwich Village."
* ^ Brick from Poe\'s Last
Manhattan Residence Archived August 6,
2016, at the
Wayback Machine ., The Museum of Edgar Allen Poe.
Accessed November 3, 2016. "This brick was one of 700 salvaged from
Greenwich Village home after the building was demolished by New
* ^ Finn, Terri Lowen. "
Leontyne Price Returning", _The New York
Times_, September 13, 1981. Accessed December 19, 2016. "On a recent
morning at her Federal Era home in Greenwich Village, Miss Price
agreed to share some of her thoughts on the satisfactions - and
pitfalls - of a vocal career, and her plans for the future."
* ^ Daily Intelligence
* ^ Bronson, Fred (2003). _The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits_
(5th ed.). United States:
Billboard Books . p. 443. ISBN
* ^ Ohrstrom, Lysandra. "
Amy Sedaris Stays In West Village, Buys
$1.3 M. Co-Op", _
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* ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "
James Spader Prepares for _Avengers: Age of
Ultron_", _The New York Times_, April 22, 2015. Accessed November 3,
2016. "One overcast spring afternoon,
James Spader was lurking in
plain sight, standing on the stoop of the
Greenwich Village townhouse
where he lives, wearing a sport coat, a fedora and a bright purple
scarf, smoking a cigarette and talking on a cellphone with the
producers of his
NBC series, _The Blacklist_."
* ^ "Uma Thurman\'s stalker arrested", _
London Evening Standard _,
December 1, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2016. "During his 2008 trial,
Jordan - who had been found outside the star's home in Greenwich
Village, New York - said he would have left the _Pulp Fiction_ beauty
alone if he knew his behaviour was scaring her."
* ^ Farmer, Ann. "35 Lucky, and Hungry, Diners Eat and Walk With
Calvin Trillin", _The New York Times_, October 5, 2008. Accessed
December 19, 2016. "The tour stems from the Sunday strolls he would
take with his wife, Alice, and their two daughters. Starting from
their home in
Greenwich Village and ending in Chinatown, they would
stop to sample some of the city’s best ethnic dishes at various Old
World and hole-in-the-wall establishments."
* ^ New York Observer
* ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "ARTSBEAT; Judge Clears _Disturbia_ In
Infringement Suit", _The New York Times_, September 23, 2010. Accessed
November 3, 2016. "No matter what
James Stewart thought he saw from
his wheelchair perched perilously close to the window overlooking his
Greenwich Village courtyard in _Rear Window,_ a federal judge said she
did not see enough similarities between that 1954 Alfred Hitchcock
thriller and the 2007 film _Disturbia_ to rule that it infringed on
the copyright of the earlier movie."
* ^ La Ferla, Ruth. "Downbeat Never Looked So Good", _The New York
Times_, August 17, 2006. Accessed November 3, 2016. "Looking lithe if
Audrey Hepburn made a fetching
bookstore-clerk-turned-model in _Funny Face,_ the action of that 1957
film whisking her from grotty
Greenwich Village to the Left Bank of
* ^ Whitty, Stephen. "Family Viewing: _Wait Until Dark_",
ArtiSyndicate, February 22, 2014. Accessed November 3, 2016. "Wait
Until Dark 1967: Directed by Terence Young. With Audrey Hepburn, Alan
Arkin.... Once upon a time: Susy, the 'world's champion blind lady,'
is alone in her chic
Greenwich Village apartment when the doorbell
* ^ "Welcome Change Productions".
* ^ Helmore, Edward. "Why
Inside Llewyn Davis doesn\'t get inside
the Village; The Coen Brothers movie is immersed in the folk scene of
the early 60s in Greenwich Village, where boho survivors still recall
the glory days – and lament a few of the film\'s flaws", _The
Guardian _, January 25, 2014. Accessed October 27, 2016.
* ^ Rodwin, Lloyd. "Neighbors Are Needed", _The New York Times_,
November 5, 1961. Accessed October 27, 2016.
* ^ Hunter, Stephen. "Deception rules \'Mother Night\' Review:
Nolte, Arkin are great in a big film that doesn\'t act like the
small-budget movie it is.", _
The Baltimore Sun _, November 8, 1996.
Accessed October 27, 2016.
* ^ _Cornelia and the Audacious Escapades of the Somerset Sisters_,
Publishers Weekly _. Accessed October 27, 2016. "This promising first
novel introduces memorable 11-year-old Cornelia S. Englehart, who
Greenwich Village with her "very famous concert pianist"
mother, Lucille Englehart."
* ^ Johnson, Nora (1985). _Tender Offer_. New York: Simon &
Schuster. p. 98. ISBN 0-671-55666-5 .
* ^ Carlson, Jen "NYC Album Art: The Freewheelin\' Bob Dylan",
_Gothamist_, April 18, 2006, accessed August 11, 2011.
* ^ NY Daily Quote: Where I Should Have Been Born
* ^ Bunyan, Patrick. _All Around the Town: Amazing
and Curiosities_. New York: Fordham University Press. p. 160. ISBN
0-8232-3174-7 . Retrieved December 18, 2010.
* ^ This address was given "The One With Joey's New Brain", episode
* ^ "Filming locations for Friends". Movielocationsguide.com.
Retrieved September 21, 2010.
* ^ Matt Zoller Seitz (April 22, 2013). "_Mad Men_ Recap: The
Electric Circus". _Vulture_.
* ^ Alex Ross (April 21, 2013). "The Rest is Noise: Electric
Circus, Electric Ear". _The New Yorker_.
* ^ "Hudson Street Loft". Realworldhouses.com. Retrieved September
* Burrows, Edwin G. & Wallace, Mike (1999), _Gotham: A History of
City to 1898 _, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN
* Joyce Gold, _From Trout Stream to Bohemia: a walking guide to
Greenwich Village history_, 1988.
* Greenwich Village, by
Anna Alice Chapin , 1919, from Project
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