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GREENWICH /ˈɡrɛnᵻtʃ/ is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Connecticut
, United States. As of the 2010 census , the town had a total population of 61,171. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast , it is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies. Greenwich
Greenwich
is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut
Connecticut
as well as the six-state region of New England
New England
. It takes roughly 40–50 minutes by train from Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
in Manhattan
Manhattan
. CNN/Money and _Money _ magazine ranked Greenwich
Greenwich
12th on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005. The town is named after Greenwich
Greenwich
, a borough of London
London
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Neighborhoods and sections

* 2.1.1 Notable locations * 2.1.2 Historical Sites

* 2.2 Islands * 2.3 Climate

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 Wealth

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Top employers

* 5 Arts and culture * 6 Sports and recreation * 7 Government

* 8 Education

* 8.1 Public schools * 8.2 Private schools

* 9 Media

* 9.1 Radio * 9.2 Newspapers and print * 9.3 Films shot in Greenwich
Greenwich
* 9.4 Television shows filmed in Greenwich
Greenwich

* 10 Infrastructure

* 10.1 Transportation * 10.2 Emergency Medical Services * 10.3 Fire Department * 10.4 Police Department

* 11 Notable people * 12 Sister cities * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
_ Memorial to Col. Raynal C. Bolling , first high-ranking US officer killed in World War I Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club_ (1894) by Theodore Robinson

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop , daughter-in-law of John Winthrop , founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony
. What is now called Greenwich
Greenwich
Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich . Greenwich
Greenwich
was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.

During the American Revolution
American Revolution
, General Israel Putnam
Israel Putnam
made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford .

In 1974, Gulliver\'s Restaurant and Bar , on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, burned, killing 24 young people.

In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge , which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.

For many years, Greenwich
Greenwich
Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut
Connecticut
agreed, and Greenwich
Greenwich
was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.

GEOGRAPHY

Downtown Street Scene Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Hall

According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich
Greenwich
is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York , to the east by the city of Stamford , and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island
Long Island
Sound. If you travel far enough east from Greenwich, you eventually hit Long Island
Long Island
at its extremity. Therefore, Greenwich
Greenwich
is in a geographically exceptional position, being in a sense surrounded by New York.

NEIGHBORHOODS AND SECTIONS

The Census
Census
Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram , Cos Cob , Glenville , Old Greenwich
Greenwich
, Pemberwick , Riverside , and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich
Greenwich
is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods. Longtime residents have a fierce loyalty and superior opinion of their particular neighborhood.

The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.

* Back Country * Belle Haven * Bruce Park * Byram * Chickahominy * Cos Cob * Fourth Ward ( Fourth Ward Historic District ) * Glenville * Downtown/Central Greenwich * Greenwich
Greenwich
Cove * Holly Hill * Mianus * Mid-Country * Milbank * Milbrook * Municipal Center District * North Mianus * North Street (refers to the neighborhood surrounding North Street) * Old Greenwich
Greenwich
(Sound Beach) * Palmer Hill * Pemberwick * Pine Hill * Riverbank * Riverside * Riversville * Rock Ridge * Round Hill * Stanwich

Notable Locations

* Byram, Cos Cob, Greenwich, Old Greenwich, and Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station. * American Lane (in the extreme western corner of Greenwich) is separated by Interstate 684 from the entire rest of Connecticut
Connecticut
and can be reached only from New York State
New York State
. * Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet (170 m), was a lookout point for the Continental Army
Continental Army
during the American Revolution. The Manhattan
Manhattan
skyline is visible from the top of the hill.

Historical Sites

* Bush-Holley House * Putnam Cottage

ISLANDS

Calf Island , a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.

More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.

Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower .

Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time_.

Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.

CLIMATE

Greenwich
Greenwich
experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification _Cfa_). However, it is quite close to a humid continental climate . During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island
Long Island
Sound.

CLIMATE DATA FOR GREENWICH, CONNECTICUT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 36 (2) 38 (3) 47 (8) 58 (14) 69 (21) 77 (25) 83 (28) 81 (27) 73 (23) 62 (17) 51 (11) 41 (5) 59.7 (15.3)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 21 (−6) 23 (−5) 31 (−1) 40 (4) 50 (10) 60 (16) 65 (18) 64 (18) 56 (13) 45 (7) 36 (2) 27 (−3) 43.2 (6.1)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 4.32 (109.7) 3.24 (82.3) 4.73 (120.1) 4.44 (112.8) 4.58 (116.3) 3.77 (95.8) 3.72 (94.5) 4.00 (101.6) 4.70 (119.4) 4.17 (105.9) 4.47 (113.5) 4.31 (109.5) 50.45 (1,281.4)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 7.7 (19.6) 8.3 (21.1) 4.9 (12.4) 1.2 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.4 (1) 5.2 (13.2) 28 (71)

Source #1: Weather Channel

Source #2: WeatherDB

DEMOGRAPHICS

See also: List of Connecticut
Connecticut
locations by per capita income

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1800 3,047

1810 3,533

16.0%

1820 3,790

7.3%

1830 3,801

0.3%

1840 3,921

3.2%

1850 5,036

28.4%

1860 6,522

29.5%

1870 7,644

17.2%

1880 7,892

3.2%

1890 10,131

28.4%

1900 12,172

20.1%

1910 16,463

35.3%

1920 22,123

34.4%

1930 33,112

49.7%

1940 35,509

7.2%

1950 40,835

15.0%

1960 53,793

31.7%

1970 59,755

11.1%

1980 59,578

−0.3%

1990 58,441

−1.9%

2000 61,101

4.6%

2010 61,171

0.1%

EST. 2014 62,610

2.4%

U.S. Decennial Census
Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). As of the census of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White , 4.90% African American , 0.10% Native American , 7.80% Asian , 0.03% Pacific Islander , and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population.

There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line , including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

WEALTH

Greenwich
Greenwich
is the wealthiest town in Connecticut
Connecticut
with an Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita (AENGLC)of $679,857.09. The AENGLC is a combination of both the property tax base per person and income per person. This is a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents, considering their real estate and income. Darien is second with $567,716.62, and New Canaan third at $563,919.93.

The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut
Connecticut
Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.

ECONOMY

Companies in Greenwich
Greenwich
include:

* AQR Capital * Blue Harbour Group , investment firm * Blue Sky Studios , animation studio. * Blyth, Inc. , the United States' largest candlemaker. * Cambridge Solutions , global outsourcing firm. * First Reserve Corporation , a private equity firm. * Interactive Brokers * Nestlé Waters North America * North Street Capital , private equity and hedge fund. * Silver Point Capital , hedge fund. * W. R. Berkley , a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance.

TOP EMPLOYERS

According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:

# EMPLOYER NO. OF EMPLOYEES

1 Town of Greenwich 2,366

2 Greenwich
Greenwich
Hospital 1,816

3 Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA ) 500

4 Blue Sky Studios 400

5 Hyatt
Hyatt
Regency - Greenwich 650

6 Greenwich
Greenwich
Woods Rehabilitation ">_ Artist's Home in Autumn, Greenwich, Connecticut_ (ca. 1895), by John Henry Twachtman

* Greenwich
Greenwich
is home to the Greenwich
Greenwich
International Film Festival , which acts in coordination with nonprofits to promote socially conscious filmmaking in the city's downtown in an annual June festival, in addition to screenings and events held year-round. * The Greenwich
Greenwich
Symphony Orchestra begun in 1958 as the Greenwich Philharmonia, it became fully professional by 1967. * The Greenwich
Greenwich
Choral Society, founded in 1925, performs locally and elsewhere, including in New York City
New York City
and Europe. * The Greenwich
Greenwich
post office contains a mural, _The Packet Sails from Greenwich
Greenwich
Green_, painted in 1939 by Victoria Hutson Huntley . * The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history. * The Greenwich
Greenwich
Arts Council. * Putnam Cottage (Knapp Tavern) historic house museum. * Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Riverside Community Center.

SPORTS AND RECREATION

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The town has four beaches on Long Island Sound : Greenwich
Greenwich
Point , Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island .

A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich
Greenwich
Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $7 per person and $25 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall, the Eastern Greenwich
Greenwich
Civic Center, or Western Greenwich
Greenwich
Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan , bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens
Queens
, and Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Staten Island , and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York .

There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and roller-blading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer.

The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill Rink is also in town.

Arch Street, The Greenwich
Greenwich
Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation. Arch Street is located at Roger Sherman Baldwin park. Every year in May, there is a Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Party. The party has had performances from musicians such as Earth, Wind, and Fire and The Doobie Brothers (2015), the Temptations (2011), James Taylor (2012) (he sang Fire and Rain during a torrential rain shower), Paul Simon (2013), Santana and Buddy Guy (2014), John Fogerty and Hall and Oates (2016), as well as Steely Dan (2017).

Country Clubs:

* Greenwich
Greenwich
Country Club * The Bailiwick Club * Belle Haven Club * Rocky Point Club * Tamarack Country Club * Fairview Country Club * Burning Tree Country Club * Milbrook Country Club * The Stanwich Club

Boating/Water Clubs:

* Indian Harbor Yacht Club * Greenwich
Greenwich
Boat and Yacht Club * Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Yacht Club * Riverside Yacht Club * Greenwich
Greenwich
Water Club

Other Sports Clubs:

* Greenwich
Greenwich
Skating Club * Greenwich
Greenwich
Racquet Club * Field Club of Greenwich * Round Hill Golf Club * Innis Arden Golf Club * Griffith E. Harris Golf Course (locally termed "The Griff")

GOVERNMENT

Greenwich
Greenwich
Township vote by party in presidential elections YEAR REPUBLICAN DEMOCRATIC

2016 39.1% _12,215_ 56.5% _17,630_

2012 55.2% _16,456_ 43.9% _13,078_

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville , Byram , Cos Cob , Glenville , Mianus , Old Greenwich
Greenwich
, Riverside and Greenwich
Greenwich
(sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes .

The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republicans' favor, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.

VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF OCTOBER 31, 2012

PARTY ACTIVE VOTERS INACTIVE VOTERS TOTAL VOTERS PERCENTAGE

Republican 13,618 703 14,321 36.89%

Democratic 8,957 630 9,587 24.69%

Unaffiliated 13,413 967 14,380 37.04%

Minor parties 494 41 535 1.38%

TOTAL 36,482 2,341 38,823 100%

EDUCATION

PUBLIC SCHOOLS

Greenwich
Greenwich
High School

Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools operates the public schools . Greenwich
Greenwich
High School is the district's sole high school . As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue. The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment. There is a Connecticut
Connecticut
racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013 , the district was out of compliance and was searching for solutions.

Elementary Schools:

* Cos Cob School * Glenville School * Hamilton Avenue School * International School at Dundee * Julian Curtiss School * New Lebanon School * North Mianus School * North Street School * Old Greenwich
Greenwich
School * Parkway School * Riverside School

Middle Schools:

* Central Middle School * Eastern Middle School * Western Middle School

High Schools: Greenwich
Greenwich
High School

PRIVATE SCHOOLS

* Brunswick School , a non-sectarian boys' school (the brother school to Greenwich
Greenwich
Academy) (preK-12) * Greenwich
Greenwich
Academy , a non-sectarian girls' school (the sister school to Brunswick) (preK-12) * Eagle Hill School (K-10) * Convent of the Sacred Heart , a girls' school with Catholic affiliation (preK-12) * Greenwich
Greenwich
Catholic School (preK-8), 471 North Street * Greenwich
Greenwich
Country Day School (Nursery-9) * Greenwich
Greenwich
Japanese School , the New York Nihonjin gakko , a Japanese expatriate school (K-9), which moved to Greenwich
Greenwich
from New York City in 1992; it shares the former Rosemary Hall campus with Carmel Academy. * The Stanwich School (preK-12), located at 257 Stanwich Road * Carmel Academy (K-8), a Jewish school sharing a campus with Greenwich
Greenwich
Japanese School. In 2010, the school changed its name from Westchester Fairfield Hebrew Academy. * Whitby School (Nursery-8), a Montessori and International Baccalaureate World School (IB).

MEDIA

RADIO

* WGCH-AM 1490 radio station; 1,000 watts

NEWSPAPERS AND PRINT

* _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time _ - daily newspaper based in Greenwich; published by Hearst Corporation , which also owns The Advocate of Stamford. Some sections are identical to the same sections in The Advocate, including the arts and business sections. * _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Citizen_ - the older weekly in town, tabloid-sized and a part of the Brooks Community Newspapers chain, now owned by Media News Group Inc., which also owns the daily _ Connecticut
Connecticut
Post _ in Bridgeport , Connecticut
Connecticut
. * _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Post_ - weekly broadsheet, part of the Hersam Acorn chain of local weeklies. * _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Magazine_, owned by Moffly Publications, which publishes other local magazines, including *New Canaan-Darien Magazine and Westport Magazine. * _Vivapop_, publishes local news, charitable events and calendars. * Greenwich
Greenwich
Patch Greenwich
Greenwich
Patch An online newspaper by and for Greenwich
Greenwich
citizens. * Greenwich
Greenwich
Sentinel * Greenwich
Greenwich
Free Press * Greenwich
Greenwich
Post

FILMS SHOT IN GREENWICH

List is in reverse chronological order of movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Greenwich:

* Boychoir (2014) * The Big Wedding (2013) * Great Hope Springs (2011) * All Good Things (2010) * The Switch (2010) * The Best Laid Plans (2009) * Listen to Your Heart (2009) * Old Dogs (2009) * A Smirk of Satisfaction (2009) * Revolutionary Road (2008) * The Accidental Husband (2008) * The Life Before Her Eyes (2007) * Person of Interest (2007) * Borrowing Rebecca (2006) * The Accidental Husband (2006) * The Good Shepherd (2006) * Holes in My Shoes (2006) * The Path of Most Resistance (2006) * After Roberto (2005) * Domino One (2005) * The Family Stone (2006) * Figment (2005/II) * Filmic Achievement (2005) * R.I.P. (2005/I) * The Stepford Wives (2004) * Chubby Kid, A (2002) * Fabled (2002) * The Ice Storm (1997) * Ransom (1996) * Deadtime Stories (1986) * Danny (1977) * Time Piece (1965) * Open the Door and See All the People (1964) * The American Venus (1926) * Via Wireless (1915) * The Perils of Pauline (1914) * Two Little Waifs (1910) * The Golden Supper (1910) * The Cardinal's Conspiracy (1909) * A Change of Heart (1909) * The Country Doctor (1909) * Sweet and Twenty (1909) * Tender Hearts (1909) * The Message (1909) * The Little Teacher (1909)

TELEVISION SHOWS FILMED IN GREENWICH

* The Mick (2017) * _The Profit_ (2014) * _The Big C_ (2011, 2012) Showtime * _Teachers_ (2008) - TV movie * _The Apprentice_ (2004) * _Wickedly Perfect_ (2004) * _Made in America _ (2003) * _Rich Girls_ (2003) * _Murder in Greenwich
Greenwich
_ (2002) - TV Movie about Martha Moxley * _TV Nation_ (1995)

INFRASTRUCTURE

TRANSPORTATION

The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich
Greenwich
, Cos Cob , Riverside , and Old Greenwich
Greenwich
) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
in Manhattan
Manhattan
on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak
Amtrak
Acela , Northeast Regional
Northeast Regional
, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford .

Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston
Boston
Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1 ) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway , although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State
New York State
.

Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport
LaGuardia Airport
in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.

Two bridges in Greenwich
Greenwich
were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the _ Hartford Courant
Hartford Courant
_, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.

According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich
Greenwich
are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES

Greenwich
Greenwich
Emergency Medical Service, Inc. (or "GEMS", as it is often referred to) is contracted as the primary service area responder (PSAR) for the Town of Greenwich. GEMS was founded on July 15, 1986 which took the place of an old and antiquated system that was serviced by the volunteer fire departments. GEMS operates out of four strategically located stations throughout the town, and has mutual aid agreements with Stamford and Port Chester/Rye/Rye Brook. Current staffing has 4 advanced life support ambulances (ALS) and 1 ALS supervisor on 24 hours a day. Each GEMS unit is operated at the highest level of advanced prehospital care, utilizing highly trained and experienced paramedics. GEMS was the first service in New England to make use of 12-lead EKGs in the prehospital setting, and continues to lead the region with advanced life support tools and equipment. Greenwich
Greenwich
was the first town in the state to be awarded the Heartsafe Community designation. GEMS responds to, on average, approximately 6,000 emergency medical calls annually. GEMS offers a wide range of education including school education from 6-12 grade. EMT classes and community CPR classes are regularly scheduled.

FIRE DEPARTMENT

The Byram Fire Station, located on Delavan Avenue

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
is protected by the paid Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Department (GFD) and eight all-volunteer fire companies, in addition to a Fire Police Patrol. The paid GFD is made up of 100 paid firefighters, who staff 6 Engine Companies and 1 Truck Company, as well as several special units, in 6 Fire Stations (shared with volunteer companies), under the command of a Deputy Chief (Tour Commander) per shift, who in-turn reports to the Chief of Department. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are made up of a total of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters, who man 9 volunteer Engines, 2 volunteer Ladders, 4 Tankers, 6 Squads, 3 Utility Units, 3 Marine Units (Fireboats), 1 Dive Rescue Unit, 1 Special
Special
Operations Unit, 1 Heavy Rescue and several other support units. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are quartered in all 8 Fire Stations, located throughout the town, and respond to emergency calls with the paid GFD Units. The all-volunteer fire companies are each commanded by a District Chief, who in-turn reports to a Deputy Chief of the GFD, who reports to the Chief of Department. There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut
Fairfield County, Connecticut
. The Patrol operates 2 Units, Patrol 2 (P2) and Utility 2 (U2). The paid Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.

By 2012, the town was planning to replace the current Central Fire Station (Fire Headquarters) with a new Fire Headquarters and merge the Greenwich
Greenwich
EMS into the new facility. The town was also planning on adding a 9th Fire Station with a paid Engine in the Back Country on King Street in town. As of early Summer 2012, Engine 1 and the Deputy Chief are moving to a temporary facility in the commuter parking lot at Horseneck Lane and Shore Road. Truck 1 has been temporarily relocated to the Cos Cob Firehouse.

POLICE DEPARTMENT

Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 Police Officers, 22 Detectives, 19 Sergeants, 10 Lieutenants, 3 Captains, and one Deputy Chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel. and includes a K-9 unit. The current Chief of Police is Jim Heavey while the First Selectman is Police Commissioner.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Further information: People of Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut

SISTER CITIES

Greenwich
Greenwich
originally had only three sister cities, but in recent years has added two more. In 2013 the Town also become sister city to Rose, Cosenza, Italy and Morra de Santctis, Avellino, Italy. An interesting fact to note is that today there are more descendants of Rosetani immigrants living in Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
than there are people living in the Town of Rose. :

CITY MUNICIPALITY COUNTRY YEAR

Kitzbühel
Kitzbühel
Tyrol Austria
Austria
1961

Vienne Isère France
France

Nacka
Nacka
Nacka
Nacka
Sweden
Sweden

SEE ALSO

* Connecticut
Connecticut
portal

* National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
* History of Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of Greenwich * ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census
Census
Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File
File
(QT-PL), Greenwich
Greenwich
town, Connecticut". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2011. * ^ "MNR Schedules". _web.mta.info_. Retrieved 2017-03-04. * ^ "Best Places to Live, 2005: Finalist No. 12, Greenwich, CT (snapshot)". CNNMoney_. money.cnn.com_. August 1, 2005. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2017. * ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
History". The US Gen Web Project. Retrieved 8 March 2013. * ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Point History". friendsofgreenwichpoint.org. 1944-12-13. Archived from the original on 2012-11-17. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ _A_ _B_ Greenwich
Greenwich
history page at Connecticut
Connecticut
GenWeb site. * ^ HTTP://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/01/nyregion/25-years-later-disco-fire-haunts-its-survivors.html

* ^ "I-95 Bridge Collapse Sends Cars Into River". New York Times. June 29, 1983. Retrieved 2010-03-10. At least two tractor-trailer trucks and two passenger cars went into the Mianus River early this morning when a Connecticut
Connecticut
Turnpike bridge over it collapsed, the Connecticut
Connecticut
state police said. * ^ Leydon v. Greenwich, 257 Conn. 318, 777 A.2d 552 (2001). * ^ _A_ _B_ "Imbalance in Greenwich
Greenwich
Schools". _The New York Times_. July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ Al Baker (July 19, 2013). "Law on RacialDiversity Stirs Greenwich
Greenwich
Schools". _The New York Times_. Retrieved July 20, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Johnson, Robert (2 June 2011). "The 25 Richest Neighborhoods In America". _The Business Insider_. Retrieved 8 March 2013. * ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/27/realestate/27livi.html?pagewanted=all * ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/theater/back-to-his-working-class-roots.html * ^ Nova, Susan, "Many rooms, skyline views: Chateau atop Round Hill is for sale", article, Real Estate section, _The Advocate_ of Stamford, March 2, 2007, page R1 * ^ _A_ _B_ "Upgrades make Calf Island more attractive to visitors", by Michael Dinan, " Greenwich
Greenwich
Time", and "The Advocate" of Stamford, August 15, 2006, page 4, "The Advocate" * ^ _A_ _B_ "Crew member passes on stories about island", by Michael Dinan, an article in the _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time_ August 7, 2006. When the public first began visiting this island, a casino existed here. * ^ "Average Weather for Greenwich". Weather.com. Retrieved 17 May 2008. * ^ http://average-snowfall.weatherdb.com/l/10614/Greenwich-Connecticut * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. * ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. * ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/09/0933690.html. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ Crenson, Sharon L., "Gibson selling Greenwich
Greenwich
estate for $39.5M", Bloomberg News, article appeared in _The Advocate _ of Stamford , Connecticut
Connecticut
, July 12, 2007, pA2 * ^ cambridgeworldwide.com Archived 2014-02-27 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Water, water everywhere -- but activists don't want Nestlé to have it", article by Hugo Miller for Bloomberg News as appeared in _The Advocate_ of Stamford, Business section, August 6, 2006, pp. F1, F6 * ^ Town of Greenwich
Greenwich
CAFR * ^ http://www.trademarkia.com/orograin-77147128.html * ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
International Film Festival Oscar Party". _Fairfield County Look_. 2 March 2014. * ^ Eidelstein, Eric (30 May 2014). "The Inaugural Greenwich International Film Festival Will Debut in Summer 2015". _IndieWire_. * ^ Society history Archived 2007-08-19 at the Wayback Machine . Greenwich
Greenwich
Choral Society website, accessed on July 19, 2006 Archived August 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Victoria Hutson Huntley". _The New Deal Art Registry_. Retrieved 2016-03-05. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2010-02-28. * ^ http://www.myogrcc.org/ * ^ _A_ _B_ "A Guide To Greenwich
Greenwich
Government" (PDF). League of Women Voters Greenwich. Retrieved 8 March 2013. * ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut
Connecticut
Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2011-08-01. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools Facility Utilization and Racial Balance Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. * ^ Chamoff, Lisa. " Greenwich
Greenwich
Japanese School celebrates its 35th anniversary." _ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time _. Thursday September 2, 2010. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. * ^ Hagey, Keach, "Hebrew Academy opens on new campus", _The Advocate_ of Stamford, September 13, 2006, page A3 * ^ IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Greenwich, Connecticut, USA" * ^ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time 2/11/12 * ^ "Metro-North New Haven Line Timetable" (PDF). _MTA Website_. Metropolitan Transit Authority. * ^ "Stamford Station page". _ Amtrak
Amtrak
Website_. * ^ Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in _The Advocate _ of Stamford , Connecticut
Connecticut
, article reprinted from _The Hartford Courant
Hartford Courant
_, August 5, 2007, pp1, A6 * ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Profile". _DataHaven_. DataHaven. Retrieved 8 December 2015. * ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: About the GFD". Greenwichfire.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Fire Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: Home". Greenwichfire.org. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Central Fire Station Presentation - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Patrol Division - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "K-9 Unit - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Police Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. * ^ "Web Resources - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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