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Greenwich
Greenwich
/ˈɡrɛnɪtʃ/ is an affluent town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States.[1] As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171.[2] The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, it is home to many hedge funds and other financial service companies. Greenwich
Greenwich
is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut
Connecticut
as well as the six-state region of New England. It is roughly 40–50 minutes by train from Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
in Manhattan.[3] CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich
Greenwich
12th on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005.[4] The town is named after Greenwich, a borough of London
London
in the United Kingdom.[5]

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Neighborhoods and sections

2.1.1 Notable locations 2.1.2 Historical Sites

2.2 Islands 2.3 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Wealth

4 Economy

4.1 Top employers

5 Arts and culture 6 Sports and recreation 7 Government 8 Education

8.1 Public schools 8.2 Private schools

9 Media

9.1 Radio 9.2 Newspapers and print 9.3 Films shot in Greenwich 9.4 Television shows filmed in Greenwich

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Transportation 10.2 Emergency Medical Services 10.3 Fire Department 10.4 Police Department 10.5 Libraries

11 Notable people 12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of Greenwich, Connecticut

Memorial to Col. Raynal C. Bolling, first high-ranking US officer killed in World War I

Low Tide, Riverside Yacht Club (1894) by Theodore Robinson

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
was settled in 1640.[6] One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich
Greenwich
Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich.[7] Greenwich
Greenwich
was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.[8] During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam
Israel Putnam
made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford.[8] In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich
Greenwich
and Port Chester, burned, killing 24 young people.[9] In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, collapsed, resulting in the death of three people.[10] For many years, Greenwich
Greenwich
Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut
Connecticut
agreed, and Greenwich
Greenwich
was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches.[11] Geography[edit]

Downtown Street Scene

Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Hall

According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich
Greenwich
is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island
Long Island
Sound. If you travel far enough east from Greenwich, you eventually hit Long Island
Long Island
at its extremity. Therefore, Greenwich
Greenwich
is in a geographically exceptional position, being in a sense surrounded by New York. Neighborhoods and sections[edit] The Census
Census
Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich
Greenwich
is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods. Longtime residents have a fierce loyalty and superior opinion of their particular neighborhood. The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town.[12][13] In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider
Business Insider
as being the richest neighborhoods in America.[14]

Back Country Belle Haven[14] Bruce Park Byram Chickahominy[15][16] Cos Cob Fourth Ward (Fourth Ward Historic District) Glenville Downtown/Central Greenwich Greenwich
Greenwich
Cove Holly Hill Mianus Mid-Country Milbank Milbrook Municipal Center District North Mianus North Street (refers to the neighborhood surrounding North Street) Old Greenwich
Greenwich
(Sound Beach) Palmer Hill Pemberwick Pine Hill Riverbank Riverside Riversville Rock Ridge Round Hill[14] Stanwich[14]

Notable locations[edit]

Byram, Cos Cob, Greenwich, Old Greenwich, and Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station. American Lane (in the extreme western corner of Greenwich) is separated by Interstate 684
Interstate 684
from the entire rest of Connecticut
Connecticut
and can be reached only from New York State. Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet (170 m), was a lookout point for the Continental Army
Continental Army
during the American Revolution. The Manhattan
Manhattan
skyline is visible from the top of the hill.[17]

Historical Sites[edit]

Bush-Holley House Putnam Cottage

Islands[edit] Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.[18] More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.[18] Great Captain Island
Great Captain Island
is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designed area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower. Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell
Paul Winchell
and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich
Greenwich
Time.[19] Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.[19] Climate[edit] Greenwich
Greenwich
experiences a humid continental climate. However, it is quite close to a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway
Merritt Parkway
to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island
Long Island
Sound.

Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 35 (2) 39 (4) 47 (8) 58 (14) 69 (21) 77 (25) 82 (28) 80 (27) 73 (23) 62 (17) 51 (11) 40 (4) 59.4 (15.3)

Average low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 23 (−5) 29 (−2) 39 (4) 49 (9) 59 (15) 64 (18) 63 (17) 55 (13) 44 (7) 36 (2) 27 (−3) 42.4 (5.8)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.32 (109.7) 3.24 (82.3) 4.73 (120.1) 4.44 (112.8) 4.58 (116.3) 3.77 (95.8) 3.72 (94.5) 4.00 (101.6) 4.70 (119.4) 4.17 (105.9) 4.47 (113.5) 4.31 (109.5) 50.45 (1,281.4)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.7 (19.6) 8.3 (21.1) 4.9 (12.4) 1.2 (3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.4 (1) 5.2 (13.2) 28 (71)

Source #1: Weather Channel[20]

Source #2: WeatherDB[21]

Demographics[edit] See also: List of Connecticut
Connecticut
locations by per capita income

Historical population

Census Pop.

1800 3,047

1810 3,533

16.0%

1820 3,790

7.3%

1830 3,801

0.3%

1840 3,921

3.2%

1850 5,036

28.4%

1860 6,522

29.5%

1870 7,644

17.2%

1880 7,892

3.2%

1890 10,131

28.4%

1900 12,172

20.1%

1910 16,463

35.3%

1920 22,123

34.4%

1930 33,112

49.7%

1940 35,509

7.2%

1950 40,835

15.0%

1960 53,793

31.7%

1970 59,755

11.1%

1980 59,578

−0.3%

1990 58,441

−1.9%

2000 61,101

4.6%

2010 61,171

0.1%

Est. 2014 62,610 [22] 2.4%

U.S. Decennial Census[23]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). As of the census[25] of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White, 4.90% African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population. There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12. In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. Wealth[edit] Greenwich
Greenwich
is the wealthiest town in Connecticut
Connecticut
with an Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita (AENGLC)of $679,857.09. The AENGLC is a combination of both the property tax base per person and income per person. This is a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents, considering their real estate and income. Darien is second with $567,716.62, and New Canaan third at $563,919.93. The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut
Connecticut
Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.[26] Economy[edit] Companies in Greenwich
Greenwich
include:

AQR Capital Blue Harbour Group, investment firm Blue Sky Studios, animation studio. Blyth, Inc., the United States' largest candlemaker. Cambridge Solutions, global outsourcing firm.[27] First Reserve Corporation, a private equity firm. Interactive Brokers Nestlé
Nestlé
Waters North America[28] North Street Capital, private equity and hedge fund. Silver Point Capital, hedge fund. W. R. Berkley, a holding company for subsidiaries that sell property-casualty insurance.

Top employers[edit] According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[29] the top employers in the town are:

# Employer No. of employees

1 Town of Greenwich 2,366

2 Greenwich
Greenwich
Hospital 1,816

3 Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA)[30] 500

4 Blue Sky Studios 400

5 Hyatt
Hyatt
Regency - Greenwich 650

6 Greenwich
Greenwich
Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center 235

7 Tudor Investment Corporation 227

8 Eversource Energy 200

9 Brunswick School 200

10 Camuto Group 200

Arts and culture[edit]

Artist's Home in Autumn, Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
(ca. 1895), by John Henry Twachtman

Greenwich
Greenwich
is home to the Greenwich
Greenwich
International Film Festival, which acts in coordination with nonprofits to promote socially conscious filmmaking in the city's downtown in an annual June festival, in addition to screenings and events held year-round.[31][32] The Greenwich
Greenwich
Symphony Orchestra begun in 1958 as the Greenwich Philharmonia, it became fully professional by 1967.[citation needed] The Greenwich
Greenwich
Choral Society, founded in 1925, performs locally and elsewhere, including in New York City
New York City
and Europe.[33] The Greenwich
Greenwich
post office contains a mural, The Packet Sails from Greenwich
Greenwich
Green, painted in 1939 by Victoria Hutson Huntley.[34] The Bruce Museum is a town-owned institution with sections devoted to art and natural history. The Greenwich
Greenwich
Arts Council.[35] Putnam Cottage
Putnam Cottage
(Knapp Tavern) historic house museum. Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Riverside Community Center.[36] Acacia Lodge No. 85, Ancient, Free & Accepted Masons. Founded in 1857 in the top level of the old Cos Cob School House.[37] Its members were originally of Union Lodge No. 5, founded 1763, and though its "home base" was Stamford, it was given the jurisdiction of "Stamford, Horseneck and parts adjacent." Union Lodge often met in Greenwich, and the first recorded meeting place was Knapp's Tavern on the King's Highway.[37]

Sports and recreation[edit]

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The town has four beaches on Long Island
Long Island
Sound: Greenwich
Greenwich
Point, Byram Beach, Island Beach (Little Captain's Island), and Great Captain Island. A single-visit beach pass for non-residents to Greenwich
Greenwich
Point (locally termed "Tod's Point" after the previous private owners), which is on a peninsula and so includes picnic areas, a beach and small marina, is $7 per person and $25 per car. Tickets must be purchased at the town hall, the Eastern Greenwich
Greenwich
Civic Center, or Western Greenwich
Greenwich
Civic Center. However, anyone can go to the point for free between November and April. The point has views of Manhattan, bridges connecting the Bronx and Queens, and Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Staten Island, and newly built hi-rises in New Rochelle, New York. There is also a community sailing center and rental area located in the park. Bicycling and roller-blading are popular sports on the trails and paths in the summer. The town owns the Griffith E. Harris golf course. The 18-link course is named after "Griff" Harris, first selectman from 1952 to 1958. There are also eight country clubs in town with golf courses, and the Dorothy Hamill
Dorothy Hamill
Rink is also in town. Arch Street, The Greenwich
Greenwich
Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends. It is the longest-running privately funded teen center in the nation. Arch Street is located at Roger Sherman Baldwin park. Every year in May, there is a Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Party. The party has had performances from musicians such as Earth, Wind, and Fire and The Doobie Brothers (2015), the Temptations (2011), James Taylor (2012) (he sang Fire and Rain during a torrential rain shower), Paul Simon (2013), Santana and Buddy Guy (2014), John Fogerty and Hall and Oates (2016), as well as Steely Dan (2017). Country Clubs:

Greenwich
Greenwich
Country Club The Bailiwick Club Belle Haven Club Rocky Point Club Tamarack Country Club Fairview Country Club Burning Tree Country Club Milbrook Country Club The Stanwich Club

Boating/Water Clubs:

Indian Harbor Yacht Club Greenwich
Greenwich
Boat and Yacht Club Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Yacht Club Riverside Yacht Club Greenwich
Greenwich
Water Club

Other Sports Clubs:

Greenwich
Greenwich
Rugby Football Club Greenwich
Greenwich
Skating Club Greenwich
Greenwich
Racquet Club Field Club of Greenwich Round Hill Golf Club Innis Arden Golf Club Griffith E. Harris Golf Course (locally termed "The Griff")

Government[edit]

Greenwich
Greenwich
Township vote by party in presidential elections

Year Republican Democratic

2016 39.1% 12,215 56.5% 17,630

2012 55.2% 16,456 43.9% 13,078

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich
Greenwich
(sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.[38] The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republicans' favor, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.[38]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 31, 2012[39]

Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage

Republican 13,618 703 14,321 36.89%

Democratic 8,957 630 9,587 24.69%

Unaffiliated 13,413 967 14,380 37.04%

Minor parties 494 41 535 1.38%

Total 36,482 2,341 38,823 100%

Education[edit] Public schools[edit]

Greenwich
Greenwich
High School

Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich
Greenwich
High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012[update] elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue.[12] The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment.[40] There is a Connecticut
Connecticut
racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013[update], the district was out of compliance[13] and was searching for solutions.[40] Elementary Schools:

Cos Cob School Glenville School Hamilton Avenue School International School at Dundee Julian Curtiss School New Lebanon School North Mianus School North Street School Old Greenwich
Greenwich
School Parkway School Riverside School

Middle Schools:

Central Middle School Eastern Middle School Western Middle School

High Schools: Greenwich
Greenwich
High School Private schools[edit]

Brunswick School, a non-sectarian boys' school (the brother school to Greenwich
Greenwich
Academy) (preK-12) Greenwich
Greenwich
Academy, a non-sectarian girls' school (the sister school to Brunswick) (preK-12) Eagle Hill School (K-10) Convent of the Sacred Heart, a girls' school with Catholic affiliation (preK-12) Greenwich
Greenwich
Catholic School (preK-8), 471 North Street Greenwich
Greenwich
Country Day School (Nursery-9) Greenwich
Greenwich
Japanese School, the New York Nihonjin gakko, a Japanese expatriate school (K-9), which moved to Greenwich
Greenwich
from New York City in 1992;[41] it shares the former Rosemary Hall campus with Carmel Academy.[citation needed][42] The Stanwich School (preK-12), located at 257 Stanwich Road Carmel Academy (K-8), a Jewish school sharing a campus with Greenwich Japanese School. In 2010, the school changed its name from Westchester Fairfield Hebrew Academy.[43] Whitby School (18 months through Grade 8), a Montessori and International Baccalaureate World School (IB).

Media[edit] Radio[edit]

WGCH-AM 1490 radio station; 1,000 watts

Newspapers and print[edit]

Greenwich
Greenwich
Time - daily newspaper based in Greenwich; published by Hearst Corporation, which also owns The Advocate of Stamford. Some sections are identical to the same sections in The Advocate, including the arts and business sections. Greenwich
Greenwich
Citizen - the older weekly in town, tabloid-sized and a part of the Brooks Community Newspapers chain, now owned by Media News Group Inc., which also owns the daily Connecticut
Connecticut
Post in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Greenwich
Greenwich
Post - weekly broadsheet, part of the Hersam Acorn chain of local weeklies. Greenwich
Greenwich
Magazine, owned by Moffly Publications, which publishes other local magazines, including *New Canaan-Darien Magazine and Westport Magazine. Vivapop, publishes local news, charitable events and calendars. Greenwich
Greenwich
Patch Greenwich
Greenwich
Patch An online newspaper by and for Greenwich
Greenwich
citizens. Greenwich
Greenwich
Sentinel Greenwich
Greenwich
Free Press Greenwich
Greenwich
Post

Films shot in Greenwich[edit] List is in reverse chronological order of movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Greenwich:[44]

Boychoir (2014) The Big Wedding (2013) Great Hope Springs (2011) All Good Things (2010) The Switch (2010) The Best Laid Plans (2009) Listen to Your Heart (2009) Old Dogs (2009) A Smirk of Satisfaction (2009) Revolutionary Road (2008) The Accidental Husband
The Accidental Husband
(2008) The Life Before Her Eyes
The Life Before Her Eyes
(2007) Person of Interest (2007) Borrowing Rebecca (2006) The Accidental Husband
The Accidental Husband
(2006) The Good Shepherd (2006) Holes in My Shoes (2006) The Path of Most Resistance (2006) After Roberto (2005) Domino One (2005) The Family Stone (2006) Figment (2005/II) Filmic Achievement (2005) R.I.P. (2005/I) The Stepford Wives (2004) Chubby Kid, A (2002) Fabled (2002) The Ice Storm (1997) Ransom (1996) Deadtime Stories (1986) Danny (1977) Time Piece (1965) Open the Door and See All the People (1964) The American Venus (1926) Via Wireless (1915) The Perils of Pauline (1914) Two Little Waifs (1910) The Golden Supper (1910) The Cardinal's Conspiracy (1909) A Change of Heart (1909) The Country Doctor (1909) Sweet and Twenty (1909) Tender Hearts (1909) The Message (1909) The Little Teacher (1909)

Television shows filmed in Greenwich[edit]

The Mick (2017) The Profit (2014) The Big C (2011, 2012) Showtime[45] Teachers (2008) - TV movie The Apprentice (2004) Wickedly Perfect (2004) Made in America (2003) Rich Girls (2003) Murder in Greenwich
Greenwich
(2002) - TV Movie about Martha Moxley TV Nation (1995)

Infrastructure[edit] Transportation[edit] The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line
New Haven Line
(the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
in Manhattan
Manhattan
on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local.[46] The Amtrak
Amtrak
Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.[47] Interstate 95
Interstate 95
goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston
Boston
Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport
Westchester County Airport
in New York State. Westchester County Airport
Westchester County Airport
is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport
LaGuardia Airport
in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport
in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to. Two bridges in Greenwich
Greenwich
were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.[48] According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich
Greenwich
are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.[49] Emergency Medical Services[edit] Greenwich
Greenwich
Emergency Medical Service, Inc. (or "GEMS", as it is often referred to) is contracted as the primary service area responder (PSAR) for the Town of Greenwich. GEMS was founded on July 15, 1986 which took the place of an old and antiquated system that was serviced by the volunteer fire departments. GEMS operates out of four strategically located stations throughout the town, and has mutual aid agreements with Stamford and Port Chester/Rye/Rye Brook. Current staffing has 4 advanced life support ambulances (ALS) and 1 ALS supervisor on 24 hours a day. Each GEMS unit is operated at the highest level of advanced prehospital care, utilizing highly trained and experienced paramedics. GEMS was the first service in New England to make use of 12-lead EKGs in the prehospital setting, and continues to lead the region with advanced life support tools and equipment. Greenwich
Greenwich
was the first town in the state to be awarded the Heartsafe Community designation. GEMS responds to, on average, approximately 6,000 emergency medical calls annually. GEMS offers a wide range of education including school education from 6-12 grade. EMT classes and community CPR classes are regularly scheduled. Fire Department[edit]

The Byram Fire Station, located on Delavan Avenue

The town of Greenwich
Greenwich
is protected by the paid Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Department (GFD) and eight all-volunteer fire companies, in addition to a Fire Police Patrol. The paid GFD is made up of 100 paid firefighters, who staff 6 Engine Companies and 1 Truck Company, as well as several special units, in 6 Fire Stations (shared with volunteer companies), under the command of a Deputy Chief (Tour Commander) per shift, who in-turn reports to the Chief of Department. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are made up of a total of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters, who man 9 volunteer Engines, 2 volunteer Ladders, 4 Tankers, 6 Squads, 3 Utility Units, 3 Marine Units (Fireboats), 1 Dive Rescue Unit, 1 Special
Special
Operations Unit, 1 Heavy Rescue and several other support units. The eight all-volunteer fire companies are quartered in all 8 Fire Stations, located throughout the town, and respond to emergency calls with the paid GFD Units. The all-volunteer fire companies are each commanded by a District Chief, who in-turn reports to a Deputy Chief of the GFD, who reports to the Chief of Department.[50] There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The Patrol operates 2 Units, Patrol 2 (P2) and Utility 2 (U2). The paid Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich
Greenwich
Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.[51][52] By 2012, the town was planning to replace the current Central Fire Station (Fire Headquarters) with a new Fire Headquarters and merge the Greenwich
Greenwich
EMS into the new facility. The town was also planning on adding a 9th Fire Station with a paid Engine in the Back Country on King Street in town. As of early Summer 2012, Engine 1 and the Deputy Chief are moving to a temporary facility in the commuter parking lot at Horseneck Lane and Shore Road. Truck 1 has been temporarily relocated to the Cos Cob Firehouse.[53] Police Department[edit] Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 Police Officers, 22 Detectives, 19 Sergeants, 10 Lieutenants, 3 Captains, and one Deputy Chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel.[54] and includes a K-9 unit.[55] The current Chief of Police is Jim Heavey while the First Selectman is Police Commissioner.[56] Libraries[edit] Greenwich
Greenwich
Library Perrot Library Cos Cob Library Byram Shubert Library Notable people[edit] Further information: People of Greenwich, Connecticut Sister cities[edit] Greenwich
Greenwich
originally had only three sister cities, but in recent years has added two more. In 2013 the Town also become sister city to Rose, Cosenza, Italy and Morra de Santctis, Avellino, Italy. An interesting fact to note is that today there are more descendants of Rosetani immigrants living in Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
than there are people living in the Town of Rose. :[57]

City Municipality Country Year

Kitzbühel Tyrol  Austria 1961

Vienne Isère  France

Nacka Nacka  Sweden

See also[edit]

Connecticut
Connecticut
portal

National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut History of Greenwich, Connecticut

References[edit]

^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Town of Greenwich ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File
File
(QT-PL), Greenwich town, Connecticut". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2011.  ^ "MNR Schedules". web.mta.info. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ "Best Places to Live, 2005: Finalist No. 12, Greenwich, CT (snapshot)". CNNMoney. money.cnn.com. August 1, 2005. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2017.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
History". The US Gen Web Project. Retrieved 8 March 2013.  ^ The Connecticut
Connecticut
Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 332.  ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Point History". friendsofgreenwichpoint.org. 1944-12-13. Archived from the original on 2012-11-17. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ a b [1] Greenwich
Greenwich
history page at Connecticut
Connecticut
GenWeb site. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/01/nyregion/25-years-later-disco-fire-haunts-its-survivors.html ^ "I-95 Bridge Collapse Sends Cars Into River". New York Times. June 29, 1983. Retrieved 2010-03-10. At least two tractor-trailer trucks and two passenger cars went into the Mianus River early this morning when a Connecticut
Connecticut
Turnpike bridge over it collapsed, the Connecticut state police said.  ^ [2] Leydon v. Greenwich, 257 Conn. 318, 777 A.2d 552 (2001). ^ a b "Imbalance in Greenwich
Greenwich
Schools". The New York Times. July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013.  ^ a b Al Baker (July 19, 2013). "Law on RacialDiversity Stirs Greenwich
Greenwich
Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2013.  ^ a b c d Johnson, Robert (2 June 2011). "The 25 Richest Neighborhoods In America". The Business Insider. Retrieved 8 March 2013.  ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/27/realestate/27livi.html?pagewanted=all ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/theater/back-to-his-working-class-roots.html ^ Nova, Susan, "Many rooms, skyline views: Chateau atop Round Hill is for sale", article, Real Estate section, The Advocate of Stamford, March 2, 2007, page R1 ^ a b "Upgrades make Calf Island more attractive to visitors", by Michael Dinan, " Greenwich
Greenwich
Time", and "The Advocate" of Stamford, August 15, 2006, page 4, "The Advocate" ^ a b "Crew member passes on stories about island", by Michael Dinan, an article in the Greenwich
Greenwich
Time August 7, 2006. When the public first began visiting this island, a casino existed here. ^ "Average Weather for Greenwich". Weather.com. Retrieved 17 May 2008.  ^ http://average-snowfall.weatherdb.com/l/10614/Greenwich-Connecticut ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ https://www.webcitation.org/68W14Gp8M?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/09/0933690.html. Archived from the original on 2012-06-18.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Crenson, Sharon L., "Gibson selling Greenwich
Greenwich
estate for $39.5M", Bloomberg News, article appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, July 12, 2007, pA2 ^ cambridgeworldwide.com Archived 2014-02-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Water, water everywhere -- but activists don't want Nestlé
Nestlé
to have it", article by Hugo Miller for Bloomberg News as appeared in The Advocate of Stamford, Business section, August 6, 2006, pp. F1, F6 ^ Town of Greenwich
Greenwich
CAFR ^ http://www.trademarkia.com/orograin-77147128.html ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
International Film Festival Oscar Party". Fairfield County Look. 2 March 2014. [permanent dead link] ^ Eidelstein, Eric (30 May 2014). "The Inaugural Greenwich International Film Festival Will Debut in Summer 2015". IndieWire.  ^ Society history Archived 2007-08-19 at the Wayback Machine. Greenwich
Greenwich
Choral Society website, accessed on July 19, 2006 ^ "Victoria Hutson Huntley". The New Deal Art Registry. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2010-02-28.  ^ http://www.myogrcc.org/ ^ a b Hubbard, Frederick A. (1926). Masonry in Greenwich. Greenwich, CT. ISBN 978-1258186159.  ^ a b "A Guide To Greenwich
Greenwich
Government". League of Women Voters Greenwich. Retrieved 8 March 2013. [dead link] ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut
Connecticut
Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2011-08-01.  ^ a b " Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools Facility Utilization and Racial Balance Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013.  ^ Chamoff, Lisa. " Greenwich
Greenwich
Japanese School celebrates its 35th anniversary." Greenwich
Greenwich
Time. Thursday September 2, 2010. Retrieved on January 9, 2012. ^ "10 of the Best Private Schools in Greenwich
Greenwich
CT Stanton House Inn". Stanton House Inn. 2016-09-26. Retrieved 2017-10-04.  ^ Hagey, Keach, "Hebrew Academy opens on new campus", The Advocate of Stamford, September 13, 2006, page A3 ^ IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "Greenwich, Connecticut, USA" ^ Greenwich
Greenwich
Time 2/11/12 ^ "Metro-North New Haven Line
New Haven Line
Timetable" (PDF). MTA Website. Metropolitan Transit Authority.  ^ "Stamford Station page". Amtrak
Amtrak
Website.  ^ Kaplan, Thomas, Martineau, Kim, and Kauffman, Matthew, "12 state bridges are judged to be in critical condition" article in The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, article reprinted from The Hartford Courant, August 5, 2007, pp1, A6 ^ " Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Profile". DataHaven. DataHaven. Retrieved 8 December 2015.  ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: About the GFD". Greenwichfire.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Fire Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Local 1042 GFD :: Home". Greenwichfire.org. 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Central Fire Station Presentation - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Patrol Division - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "K-9 Unit - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Police Department - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21.  ^ "Web Resources - Town of Greenwich, Connecticut". Greenwichct.org. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Greenwich, Connecticut.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Greenwich, Connecticut.

Official website Greenwich
Greenwich
Chamber of Commerce  "Greenwich". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.  Greenwich, Connecticut
Connecticut
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Greenwich, Connecticut

History

History

Murder of Martha Moxley Gulliver's nightclub fire Mianus River Bridge
Mianus River Bridge
collapse

Geography

Areas/Neighborhoods

Byram Cos Cob Fourth Ward Historic District Glenville

Glenville Historic District

Greenwich
Greenwich
Avenue Historic District Mianus Old Greenwich Putnam Hill Historic District Round Hill Historic District Riverside Strickland Road Historic District

Islands

Calf Island Great Captain Island

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Greenwich
Greenwich
Public Schools

Greenwich
Greenwich
High School The International School at Dundee

Brunswick School Carmel Academy Convent of the Sacred Heart Eagle Hill School Greenwich
Greenwich
Academy Greenwich
Greenwich
Country Day School Japanese School of New York Stanwich School Whitby School

Other

NRHP listings

Bush-Holley House Byram School Cos Cob Metro-North station Cos Cob Power Station Samuel Ferris House Glenville School Great Captain Island
Great Captain Island
Light Greenwich
Greenwich
Town Hall Greenwich
Greenwich
Y.M.C.A. Indian Harbor Yacht Club
Indian Harbor Yacht Club
building Thomas Lyon House Mianus River Railroad Bridge The Nathaniel Witherell Methodist Episcopal Church New Mill and Depot Building, Hawthorne Woolen Mill Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Metro-North station Phebe Seaman House Putnam Cottage
Putnam Cottage
(Knapp Tavern) Riverside Avenue Bridge Rosemary Hall Sylvanus Selleck Gristmill United States
United States
Post Office Greenwich
Greenwich
Main William E. Ward House Josiah Wilcox House

Transportation

Cos Cob Metro-North station Old Greenwich
Greenwich
Metro-North station Riverside Metro-North station

Culture

Greenwich
Greenwich
International Film Festival

Healthcare

Greenwich
Greenwich
Hospital

This list is incomplete. Some areas with "Greenwich, Connecticut" postal addresses are in Banksville, New York. These areas are not in this template.

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States

Cities

Bridgeport Danbury Norwalk Shelton Stamford

Towns

Bethel Brookfield Darien Easton Fairfield Greenwich Monroe New Canaan New Fairfield Newtown Redding Ridgefield Sherman Stratford Trumbull Weston Westport Wilton

Borough

Newtown

CDPs

Bethel Byram Cannondale Cos Cob Darien Georgetown Glenville Greenwich Old Greenwich Pemberwick Ridgefield Riverside Southport Stratford Trumbull Westport Wilton Center

Other communities

Aspetuck Botsford Branchville Greenfield Hill Greens Farms Hattertown Hawleyville Long Hill Lordship Mianus Nichols Sandy Hook Silvermine Stepney

Ghost town

Little Danbury

Indian reservation

Golden Hill Paugussett reservation‡

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

 State of Connecticut

Hartford (capital)

Topics

Index Constitution Delegations Elections Geography Government History Images People Tourist Attractions

Society

Culture Crime Demographics Economy Education Party strength

Regions

Councils of governments Connecticut
Connecticut
panhandle Coastal Connecticut Gold Coast Greater Bridgeport Greater Danbury Greater Hartford Greater New Haven Housatonic Valley Litchfield Hills Lower Connecticut
Connecticut
River Valley Central Naugatuck Valley Naugatuck River Valley Quiet Corner Southeastern Connecticut

Counties

Fairfield Hartford Litchfield Middlesex New Haven New London Tolland Windham

Cities

Ansonia Bridgeport Bristol Danbury Derby Groton Hartford Meriden Middletown Milford New Britain New Haven New London Norwalk Norwich Shelton Stamford Torrington Waterbury West Haven

All Towns

Andover Ansonia Ashford Avon Barkhamsted Beacon Falls Berlin Bethany Bethel Bethlehem Bloomfield Bolton Bozrah Branford Bridgeport Bridgewater Bristol Brookfield Brooklyn Burlington Canaan Canterbury Canton Chaplin Cheshire Chester Clinton Colchester Colebrook Columbia Cornwall Coventry Cromwell Danbury Darien Deep River Derby Durham East Granby East Haddam East Hampton East Hartford East Haven East Lyme East Windsor Eastford Easton Ellington Enfield Essex Fairfield Farmington Franklin Glastonbury Goshen Granby Greenwich Griswold Groton Guilford Haddam Hamden Hampton Hartford Hartland Harwinton Hebron Hartford Kent Killingly Killingworth Lebanon Ledyard Lisbon Litchfield Lyme Madison Manchester Mansfield Marlborough Meriden Middlebury Middlefield Middletown Milford Monroe Montville Morris Naugatuck New Britain New Canaan New Fairfield New Hartford New Haven New London New Milford Newington Newtown Norfolk North Branford North Canaan North Haven North Stonington Norwalk Norwich Old Lyme Old Saybrook Orange Oxford Plainfield Plainville Plymouth Pomfret Portland Preston Prospect Putnam Redding Ridgefield Rocky Hill Roxbury Salem Salisbury Scotland Seymour Sharon Shelton Sherman Simsbury Somers South Windsor Southbury Southington Sprague Stafford Stamford Sterling Stonington Stratford Suffield Thomaston Thompson Tolland Torrington Trumbull Union Vernon Voluntown Wallingford Warren Washington Waterbury Waterford Watertown West Hartford West Haven Westbrook Weston Westport Wethersfield Willington Wilton Winchester Windham Windsor Windsor Locks Wolcott Woodbridge Woodbury Woodstock

Places

Boroughs Villages Historic Places Geography

v t e

New York metropolitan area

Counties

Bergen Bronx Carbon Dutchess Essex Fairfield Hudson Hunterdon Kings Lehigh Litchfield Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Monroe Morris Nassau New Haven Northampton New York Ocean Orange Passaic Pike Putnam Queens Richmond Rockland Somerset Suffolk Sussex Sullivan Ulster Union Warren Westchester

Major cities

New York City

The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island

Cities and towns over 100,000

Allentown Babylon Bridgeport Brookhaven Edison Elizabeth Hempstead Huntington Islip Jersey City New Haven Newark North Hempstead Oyster Bay Paterson Smithtown Stamford Waterbury Woodbridge Yonkers

Cities and towns over 25,000

Bayonne Bergenfield Bethlehem Branford Cheshire Clifton Danbury East Haven East Orange Easton Englewood Ewing Township Fairfield Fair Lawn Fort Lee Freehold Township Garfield Greenwich Hackensack Hamden Hamilton Township, Mercer County Hoboken Howell Kearny Long Beach Long Branch Lower Macungie Township Mahwah Manalapan Marlboro Meriden Middletown, NJ Middletown, NY Milford Mount Vernon Naugatuck New Brunswick New Milford New Rochelle Newburgh Newtown Norwalk Old Bridge Paramus Passaic Perth Amboy Plainfield Poughkeepsie Rahway Shelton Stratford Teaneck Torrington Trenton Trumbull Union City Wallingford West Haven Westfield Westport White Plains Whitehall Township, PA

Cities and towns over 10,000

Ansonia Asbury Park Beacon Bethel Bethlehem Township, PA Brookfield Coolbaugh Township Darien Derby Dover Dumont East Stroudsburg Edgewater Elmwood Park Emmaus, PA Fairview Franklin Lakes Freehold Borough Glen Rock Guildford Guttenberg Harrison, NJ Harrison, NY Hasbrouck Heights Hazlet Hillsdale Holmdel Kingston Linden Little Ferry Lodi Lyndhurst Madison Monroe Morristown New Canaan New Fairfield New Milford North Arlington North Branford North Haven Northampton, PA Oakland Orange Palisades Park Phillipsburg Plymouth Peekskill Ramsey Red Bank Ridgefield, CT Ridgefield, NJ Ridgefield Park Ridgewood Rutherford Rye Saddle Brook Scarsdale Secaucus Seymour Somerville Southbury Stroud Township Summit Tenafly Upper Macungie Township Wallington Watertown West Milford West New York Weston Westwood Wilton Winchester Wolcott Wyckoff

Regions

Catskills Central Jersey Greater Danbury Greater New Haven Greater Waterbury Housatonic Valley Hudson Valley Lehigh Valley Litchfield Hills Long Island North Jersey Poconos Skylands Region Southwestern Connecticut

v t e

New England

Topics

Autumn Climate Cuisine Culture Demographics Economy Elections Flag Geography Geology Government History

New England
New England
Colonies Dominion of New England New England
New England
Confederation

Literature Place names of Native-American origin Politics Sports

States

Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont

Major cities

Augusta Boston Bridgeport Burlington Cambridge Concord Hartford Lowell Manchester Montpelier New Bedford New Haven New London New Britain Portland Providence Quincy Springfield Stamford Waterbury Worcester

State capitals

Augusta Boston Concord Hartford Montpelier Providence

Transportation

Passenger rail

MBTA (MA, RI) Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
(CT, MA, RI) Acela
Acela
Express (CT, MA, RI) Downeaster (ME, NH, MA) Vermonter (CT, MA, NH, VT) Shore Line East
Shore Line East
(CT) Metro-North (CT) Hartford Line
Hartford Line
(CT, MA; under construction) High-speed Northern New England
New England
(proposed)

Major Interstates

I-84 (CT, MA) I-89 (NH, VT) I-90 (Mass Pike) (MA) I-91 (CT, MA, VT) I-93 (MA, NH, VT) I-95 (CT, RI, MA, NH, ME) defunct: New England
New England
road marking system

Airports

Bradley (CT) Burlington (VT) T. F. Green (RI) Manchester– Boston
Boston
(NH) Logan (MA) Portland (ME)

Categor

.