A GREATEST HITS ALBUM, sometimes called a "BEST OF" ALBUM or a CATALOG ALBUM, is a compilation of songs by a particular artist or band . Most often the track list contains previously released recordings with a high degree of notability. However, to increase the appeal, especially to people who already own the original release, it is common to include remixes or alternate takes of popular songs; sometimes even new material (previously unreleased) will function as bonus tracks. At times, a greatest hits compilation is the original album release for songs that have themselves been released as a single and charted successfully.
Many of these albums surface despite the unwillingness of original artists to support them, the songwriters being embroiled in fighting record company decisions. Despite The Rolling Stones ' conflicts over the control of their tracks, the band-opposed _ Hot Rocks 1964–1971 _ surfaced in December 1971, and the contentious legal issues failed to clip the wings of the record's commercial success. Nonetheless, many other of these albums actually receive detailed co-operation from the musicians involved, which can mean trying to present a specific 'goal' or 'sound' in the work (roughly akin to that in concept albums ). One example of the latter is the U.S. band Dream Theater 's release _ Greatest Hit (...And 21 Other Pretty Cool Songs) _, which came out on Rhino Records on April 1, 2008. The tongue-in-cheek title notes how the song " Pull Me Under " has such outsize knowledge compared to the rest of the band\'s discography .
* 1 Notable compilations * 2 Criticism and popularity * 3 Gaming and television * 4 See also * 5 References
Madonna 's _ The Immaculate Collection _ (1990) is the best selling greatest hits compilation by a solo artist; all of the songs on it are presented in different versions than the original hit versions. The Eagles ' _ Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) _ (1976) is the best selling greatest hits compilation by a group and also one of the ten best selling albums in history. Greatest hits albums are typically produced after an artist has had enough successful songs to fill out an album release. Some artists, such as David Bowie , Cliff Richard , Mariah Carey , Madonna , Janet Jackson , Britney Spears , Elvis Presley , Michael Jackson , The Beatles , Kenny Rogers , Aerosmith , Kiss , TLC , Dolly Parton , Journey , Los Tigres del Norte , Queen , Kylie Minogue and Billy Joel , have released multiple greatest hits albums through their long careers. Some greatest hits albums are released only at the end of the artist or group's career. For example, My Chemical Romance released a greatest hits album _May Death Never Stop You: The Greatest Hits 2001–2013 _ in 2014 after they disbanded. Other artists, like Eminem have released hits albums in the center of their success. He released _Curtain Call: The Hits _ in 2005 and then _ Shady XV _ as a compilation album in 2014.
Some bands refuse to release a greatest hits album, notably AC/DC , Tool and Metallica , (AC/DC, however, has released two compilation albums in the past: in 1986 _ Who Made Who _ and in 2010 _Iron Man 2_ , which are both movie soundtracks). Manic Street Preachers initially refused to do a greatest hits, but in the end _ Forever Delayed _ was released in 2002. A later release, _National Treasures - The Complete Singles _ (2011), was selected and endorsed by the band. Radiohead also refused to do such a compilation , but upon their departure from Parlophone Records , _Radiohead: The Best Of _ was released in 2008 without their cooperation. This was initially to be the case with Oasis , but upon realization that the release was inevitable, the band took direct involvement with the album, titled _ Stop the Clocks _ (2006) and selected the track listing, track order, artwork and title. Oasis later endorsed a second collection, _ Time Flies... 1994–2009 _ (2010) although, as a singles collection, they had less control over its contents.. The country music star Garth Brooks long opposed the release of a greatest hits collection, but agreed to it in 1994 but only for a limited time (his release, _The Hits _ was quickly deleted, but not until selling well over ten million copies). Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell , known for her eclectic interest in different musical styles, also resisted releasing a greatest hits album for many years, reportedly fearing that the availability of a greatest hits compilation would lead her record label to take her actual studio albums out of print. She agreed to release _Hits _ in 1996 along with a second album titled _Misses _, which came out that same year, and the latter compiled non-hit songs that Mitchell personally selected as being representative of her work. Mitchell's assumptions proved correct as both releases earned mixed to positive critical reviews.
One of the most notorious examples of a greatest hits compilation released against the artists' intentions is U.K. rock group The Rolling Stones ' compilation _ Hot Rocks 1964–1971 _ (1971). The music magazine _ Rolling Stone _ remarked that the album served as a "beautifully packaged... purely mercenary item put together by the Stones' former record company to cash in on the Christmas season and wring some more bucks out in the name of the Mod Princes they once owned." After their manager tricked the band into signing over the copyrights to their 1963-1970 song catalog, the band did succeed in changing management and record labels. However, they could neither prevent the release of _Hot Rocks_ nor its successor, which was titled _More Hot Rocks (Big Hits the album referred openly to how their single " Pull Me Under " has such outsize knowledge compared to the rest of the band\'s discography .
Some radio stations are emerging that only play greatest hits albums as their source material.
CRITICISM AND POPULARITY
Another criticism has been including one or two new songs with a package of hits. This trend started in the early 1980s, and made it necessary for collectors to purchase the "greatest hits" album if they wished to have the complete catalog of an artist's songs, even if those collectors owned all the albums containing the pre-existing hits. By contract, another solution to acquire only the songs, via an online music store , may also be restricted to purchase of the album only, even online. For example, in 2002, The Paperboys released _Tenure_, which out of its eighteen tracks, contains six new songs.
The quality of a greatest hits package released early in an artist's career depends upon the artist. Elvis Presley released _Elvis\' Golden Records _ in 1958, which only covered 1956–1958, although this album still sells today, remaining in print on Compact Disc , despite the many Presley hits collections issued since. The Bee Gees released _Best of Bee Gees _ in 1969, only two years after their international debut, yet nine of the twelve tracks were hit singles in America. Sly and the Family Stone released their _Greatest Hits _ album in 1970, after only three years. Ringo Starr 's _ Blast from Your Past _ and John Lennon 's _ Shaved Fish _ came out in 1975, after five-year solo careers (both had been in The Beatles , though none of that material was featured on either album). _ ZZ Top 's Greatest Hits _ was released in 1978, as a contractual obligation with no new tracks, but since its CD release has been popular because of its use of the original mixes of songs (the CD releases of their parent albums have overdubs made in the 1980s). All of these compilations were well received and continue to garner critical kudos. Bob Marley 's _Legend _ (1984) remains his best selling album despite having many more posthumous hits since, and more thorough compilations being released later on.
In Japan, it is common for artists to have "greatest hits" compilations released early in their career. Many acts release a compilation after three albums, which commonly means after only three years of career in the music market. Ayumi Hamasaki , Mai Kuraki , Hikaru Utada , Glay and Greeeen are a few examples (the band McFly , from England, also released a greatest hits album after three albums and three active years). Many times, the decision of having a greatest hits released is due to the popularity of the artist at the moment, which results in bigger sales. It is also common for the Japanese artists to have many compilations throughout their careers.
GAMING AND TELEVISION
A recent trend is for television shows to release compilation DVDs of their most well-regarded and highest-rated episodes to drive new viewers to watch a program. Two examples of this are _ Family Guy _'s _Freakin' Sweet Collection_ and _ South Park : The Hits_. Several video game companies have game re-releases after they have sold a certain number; Sony 's PlayStation has a Greatest Hits banner; Nintendo has the Nintendo Selects label (formerly Player's Choice); and Microsoft has the Xbox Platinum Hits label. The European title (and original North American title) for _ Guitar Hero Smash Hits _ was _Guitar Hero: Greatest Hits_.
* ^ _A_ _B_ The Rolling Stones - _Hot Rocks, 1964-1971_ (1972) album review at RollingStone.com * ^ _A_ _B_ " Dream Theater - _Greatest Hit (& 21 Other Pretty Cool Songs)_ Details Revealed". Blabbermouth.net . January 11, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2016. * ^ Madonna - _The Immaculate Collection_ (1990) at AllMusic * ^ Radiohead - _Best Of_ (2008) album review at Pitchfork.com * ^ Google Music. Garth Brooks - _The Hits_ (1994). Accessed 31 December 2007. * ^ Patterson, Jim (17 February 1995). " Garth Brooks knows how to take \'The Hits\'". _Associated Press_. Archived from the original on 12 August 2008. Retrieved 29 July 2009. I hate the idea of the greatest hits being out there," Brooks says. EMI won him over with a solution that made sense to his adman side. EMI agreed to sell "The Hits" for only four to six months, meaning that fans better pick it up by this summer or they're out of luck. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) (Archived by WebCite at ) * ^ The Beautiful South: Full Biography Retrieved on 2007-06-17 * ^ StudioHits.com About Page Retrieved on 2011-06-11 * ^ Elvis Presley - _Elvis\' Golden Records_ (1958) * ^ Sly and the Family Stone - _Greatest Hits_ (1970) album review at RollingStone.com * ^