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The Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
Range (simplified Chinese: 大兴安岭; traditional Chinese: 大興安嶺; pinyin: Dà Xīng'ānlǐng; IPA: [tâ ɕíŋ.án.lìŋ]; Mongolian: Их Хянганы нуруу, Ih Hyangani’ nurū; Manchu: Amba Hinggan), is a volcanic mountain range in northeast China. The range extends roughly 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) from northeast to southwest.[1]

Contents

1 Geography 2 Population 3 See also 4 References

Geography[edit] The area has an elevation of 1,200 to 1,300 metres (3,900 to 4,300 ft), and the highest peak reaches 2,035 metres (6,677 ft). The range is much broader in the north, at 306 kilometres (190 mi), than it is in the south, at 97 kilometres (60 mi). It was formed during the Jurassic Period (roughly 200 to 145 million years ago), and is essentially a tilted fault block; its ancient fault line forms its eastern edge, facing the Northeast China Plain. The ranges are markedly asymmetrical, with a sharp eastern face and a more gentle western slope down to the Mongolian Plateau at an elevation of 790 to 1,000 metres (2,590 to 3,280 ft). The eastern slopes are more heavily dissected by the numerous tributaries of the Nen and Songhua rivers, but generally the mountains are rounded with flat peaks. The ranges are composed largely of igneous rocks (i.e., formed through the solidification of magma).[citation needed] Population[edit] Its slopes are a relatively rich grazing area. The Khitan people
Khitan people
lived on the eastern slopes[2] before establishing the Liao Dynasty
Liao Dynasty
in the tenth century. On the western slopes lived the nomadic people, who raised sheep and camels and used the Mongolian plateau for their pastoralist economy.[2] Much of the area is inhabited by peoples speaking Mongol and, in the north, Tungusic languages, such as the Oroqen people
Oroqen people
and the Evenk people. Logging continues to be the major economic activity.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Lesser Khingan Xing'an

References[edit]

^ "The Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
range in winter". China
China
Daily. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  ^ a b Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800. Harvard University Pres. p. 32s. ISBN 0-674-01212-7. 

v t e

Mountain ranges of China

Geography of China

Northwest China

Altai Mountains Dzungarian Alatau Tian Shan

Borohoro Mountains Tarbagatai Mountains

Kunlun Mountains

Altyn-Tagh Qilian Mountains

Helan Mountains

Qinghai-Tibet and Southwest China

Himalayas Transhimalaya Pamir Mountains

Karakoram Argu Tagh Yengisogat

Kunlun Mountains

Hoh Xil Bayan Har Mountains Amne Machin

Tanggula Mountains Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains

Hengduan Mountains

Gaoligong Mountains Yunling Mountains Ailao Mountains Qionglai Mountains Daxue Mountains Min Mountains

Northeast China

Greater Khingan Lesser Khingan Changbai Mountains

Wanda Mountains Qian Mountains

Northern China

Yin Mountains

Lang Mountains

Lüliang Mountains Taihang Mountains Zhongtiao Mountains Qinling Dabie Mountains Mount Tai

Central China

Daba Mountains

Wudang Mountains Jingshan Mountains

Dabie Mountains Luoxiao Mountains

Jiuling Mountains Mufu Mountains Wugong Mountains

Huangshan Tianmu Mountain Wuling Mountains Xuefeng Mountains Yandang Mountains Wuyi Mountains

Southern China

Cang Mountain Daliang Mountains Dalou Mountains Nanling Mountains

Jiuyi Mountains Yuecheng Mountains

Longmen Mountains Western Mountains

Landforms of China

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Fred

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