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The GREATER KHINGAN RANGE (simplified Chinese : 大兴安岭; traditional Chinese : 大興安嶺; pinyin : Dà Xīng'ānlǐng; Mongolian : Их Хянганы нуруу; Manchu : Amba Hinggan), is a volcanic mountain range in northeast China
China
. The range extends roughly 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) from northeast to southwest.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 Population * 3 See also * 4 References

GEOGRAPHY

The area has an elevation of 1,200 to 1,300 metres (3,900 to 4,300 ft), and the highest peak reaches 2,035 metres (6,677 ft). The range is much broader in the north, at 306 kilometres (190 mi), than it is in the south, at 97 kilometres (60 mi). It was formed during the Jurassic Period (roughly 200 to 145 million years ago), and is essentially a tilted fault block ; its ancient fault line forms its eastern edge, facing the Northeast China
Northeast China
Plain . The ranges are markedly asymmetrical, with a sharp eastern face and a more gentle western slope down to the Mongolian Plateau at an elevation of 790 to 1,000 metres (2,590 to 3,280 ft). The eastern slopes are more heavily dissected by the numerous tributaries of the Nen and Songhua rivers, but generally the mountains are rounded with flat peaks. The ranges are composed largely of igneous rocks (i.e., formed through the solidification of magma).

POPULATION

Its slopes are a relatively rich grazing area. The Khitan people lived on the eastern slopes before establishing the Liao Dynasty
Liao Dynasty
in the tenth century. On the western slopes lived the nomadic people, who raised sheep and camels and used the Mongolian plateau for their pastoralist economy.

Much of the area is inhabited by peoples speaking Mongol and, in the north, Tungusic languages
Tungusic languages
, such as the Oroqen people
Oroqen people
and the Evenk people . Logging continues to be the major economic activity.

SEE ALSO

* Lesser Khingan * Xing\'an

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
range in winter". China
China
Daily . 28 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015. * ^ A B Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China: 900–1800 . Harvard University Pres. p. 32s. ISBN 0-674-01212-7 .

* v * t * e

Mountain ranges of China
China

Geography of China
China

NORTHWEST CHINA

* ALTAI MOUNTAINS * Dzungarian Alatau

* TIAN SHAN

* Borohoro Mountains * Tarbagatai Mountains

* KUNLUN MOUNTAINS

* Altyn-Tagh
Altyn-Tagh
* Qilian Mountains
Qilian Mountains

* Helan Mountains
Helan Mountains

Qinghai-Tibet and Southwest China
China

* HIMALAYAS * Transhimalaya

* Pamir Mountains
Pamir Mountains

* KARAKORAM * Argu Tagh * Yengisogat

* KUNLUN MOUNTAINS

* Hoh Xil
Hoh Xil
* BAYAN HAR MOUNTAINS * Amne Machin
Amne Machin

* TANGGULA MOUNTAINS * Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains

* HENGDUAN MOUNTAINS

* Gaoligong Mountains * Yunling Mountains * Ailao Mountains * Qionglai Mountains * Daxue Mountains * Min Mountains
Min Mountains

NORTHEAST CHINA

* Greater Khingan * Lesser Khingan

* Changbai Mountains
Changbai Mountains

* Wanda Mountains * Qian Mountains

NORTHERN CHINA

* Yin Mountains

* Lang Mountains

* Lüliang Mountains * TAIHANG MOUNTAINS * Zhongtiao Mountains * QINLING * Dabie Mountains
Dabie Mountains
* Mount Tai
Mount Tai

CENTRAL CHINA

* Daba Mountains

* Wudang Mountains * Jingshan Mountains

* Dabie Mountains
Dabie Mountains

* Luoxiao Mountains

* Jiuling Mountains * Mufu Mountains * Wugong Mountains

* Huangshan
Huangshan
* Tianmu Mountain * Wuling Mountains * Xuefeng Mountains
Xuefeng Mountains
* Yandang Mountains * Wuyi Mountains
Wuyi Mountains

SOUTHERN CHINA

* Cang Mountain * Daliang Mountains * Dalou Mountains

* Nanling Mountains
Nanling Mountains

* Jiuyi Mountains * Yuecheng Mountains

* Longmen Mountains
Longmen Mountains
* Western Mountains

Landforms of China
China

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Wood, James , ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia . London and New York: Frederick Warne. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greater_Khingan additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

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