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GREATER BOSTON is the metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston , the capital of the US state of Massachusetts , and the most populous city in New England , as well as its surrounding areas. The region forms the northern arc of the US northeast megalopolis and as such, Greater Boston can be described as either a metropolitan statistical area (MSA), or as a broader combined statistical area (CSA). The MSA consists of most of the eastern third of Massachusetts, excluding the South Coast region and Cape Cod ; while the CSA additionally includes the municipalities of Manchester (the largest city in the US state of New Hampshire ), Providence (the capital and largest city of the US state of Rhode Island ), Worcester, Massachusetts (the second largest city in New England ), as well as the South Coast region and Cape Cod in Massachusetts.

Some of Greater Boston's most well-known contributions to human civilization involve the region's higher education and medical institutions. Greater Boston has been influential upon American history and industry . The region and the state of Massachusetts are global leaders in biotechnology , engineering , higher education , finance , and maritime trade .

Over 80% of Massachusetts' population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan region. Greater Boston is ranked tenth in population among US metropolitan statistical areas , home to 4,732,161 people as of the 2014 US Census estimate, and sixth among combined statistical areas , with a population of 8,099,575. The area has hosted many people and sites significant to American culture and history, particularly American literature , politics , and the American Revolution .

Plymouth was the site of the first colony in New England, founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims , passengers of the _ Mayflower _. In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced one of America's most infamous cases of mass hysteria , the Salem witch trials . In the late 18th century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution.

The Greater Boston region has played a powerful commercial and cultural role in the history of the United States. Before the American Civil War , the region was a center for the abolitionist , temperance , and transcendentalist movements. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first US state to legally recognize same-sex marriage as a result of the decision of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in Boston. Many prominent American political dynasties have hailed from the Boston region, including the Adams and Kennedy families.

Harvard University in Cambridge is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States , with the largest financial endowment of any university, and whose Law School has spawned a contemporaneous majority of United States Supreme Court Justices . Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in reference to the high concentration of entrepreneurial start-ups and quality of innovation which have emerged in the vicinity of the square since 2010. Both Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology , also in Cambridge, have been ranked among the most highly regarded academic institutions in the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 Definitions

* 1.1 Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) * 1.2 New England City and Town Area (NECTA) * 1.3 Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) * 1.4 Combined Statistical Area (CSA)

* 2 Principal cities and towns

* 2.1 Boston metropolitan area * 2.2 Largest cities and towns

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 Population density * 3.2 Race and ethnicity * 3.3 Other

* 4 Higher education * 5 Selected statistics * 6 Major companies * 7 Sports

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Interstates * 8.2 U.S. Routes * 8.3 State Highways * 8.4 Bridges and tunnels * 8.5 Airports * 8.6 Rail and bus * 8.7 Ocean transportation

* 9 Geography

* 9.1 Climate

* 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 References * 13 Further reading

DEFINITIONS

This section needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Last update: population figures _(August 2012)_

_ Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro- Boston area and Red represents the City of Boston.

METROPOLITAN AREA PLANNING COUNCIL (MAPC)

The most restrictive definition of the Greater Boston area is the region administered by the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC). The MAPC is a regional planning organization created by the Massachusetts legislature to oversee transportation infrastructure and economic development concerns in the Boston area. The MAPC includes 101 cities and towns that are grouped into eight subregions. These include most of the area within the region's outer circumferential highway, I-495 . In 2013, the population of the MAPC district was 3.2 million, which was 48% of the total population of Massachusetts, in an area of 1,422 square miles (3,680 km2), of which 39% is forested and an additional 11% is water, wetland, or other open space.

The eight subregions and their principal towns are: Inner Core (Boston), Minuteman (Route 2 corridor), MetroWest (Framingham), North Shore (Lynn), North Suburban (Woburn), South Shore (Route 3 corridor), SouthWest (Franklin), and Three Rivers (Norwood).

Notably excluded from the MAPC and its partner planning body, the Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, are the Merrimack Valley cities of Lowell, Lawrence, and Haverhill, much of Plymouth County , and all of Bristol County ; these areas have their own regional planning bodies. Northern Bristol County is part of the Greater Boston CSA, as part of the Providence MSA.

NEW ENGLAND CITY AND TOWN AREA (NECTA)

Cambridge and Boston; MIT and Kendall Square in the foreground, and Boston's Financial District in the background

The urbanized area surrounding Boston serves as the core of a definition used by the US Census Bureau known as the New England city and town area (NECTA). The set of towns containing the core urbanized area plus surrounding towns with strong social and economic ties to the core area is defined as the BOSTON–CAMBRIDGE–NASHUA, MA–NH METROPOLITAN NECTA. The Boston NECTA is further subdivided into several NECTA divisions, which are listed below. The Boston, Framingham, and Peabody NECTA divisions together correspond roughly to the MAPC area. The total population of the Boston NECTA was 4,540,941 (as of 2000).

* Boston–Cambridge–Newton, MA NECTA Division (92 towns) * Framingham, MA NECTA Division (12 towns) * Peabody–Salem–Beverly, MA NECTA Division (4 towns) * Brockton–Bridgewater–Easton, MA NECTA Division (Old Colony region) (8 towns) * Haverhill–Newburyport–Amesbury, MA–NH NECTA Division ( Merrimack Valley region) (21 towns) * Lawrence–Methuen–Salem, MA–NH NECTA Division (part of Merrimack Valley region) (4 towns) * Lowell–Billerica–Chelmsford, MA–NH NECTA Division (Northern Middlesex region) (15 towns) * Nashua, NH–MA NECTA Division (21 towns) * Taunton–Middleborough–Norton, MA NECTA Division (part of Southeastern region) (9 towns) * Lynn–Saugus–Marblehead, MA NECTA Division (5 towns)

METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA (MSA)

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1850 650,357

1860 830,998

27.8%

1870 978,346

17.7%

1880 1,205,439

23.2%

1890 1,515,684

25.7%

1900 1,890,122

24.7%

1910 2,260,762

19.6%

1920 2,563,123

13.4%

1930 2,866,567

11.8%

1940 2,926,650

2.1%

1950 3,186,970

8.9%

1960 3,516,435

10.3%

1970 3,918,092

11.4%

1980 3,938,585

0.5%

1990 4,133,895

5.0%

2000 4,391,344

6.2%

2010 4,552,402

3.7%

EST. 2014 4,732,161

3.9%

US Decennial Census

An alternative definition defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget , using counties as building blocks instead of towns, is the BOSTON–CAMBRIDGE–NEWTON, MA–NH METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREA, which is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions. The metropolitan statistical area had a total population of approximately 4,732,161 as of 2014 and is the tenth-largest in the United States. The components of the metropolitan area with their estimated 2012 populations are listed below.

* Boston–Cambridge–Newton, MA–NH Metropolitan Statistical Area (4,640,802)

* Boston, MA Metropolitan Division (1,926,030)

* Norfolk County , Massachusetts (681,845) * Plymouth County , Massachusetts (499,759) * Suffolk County , Massachusetts (744,426)

* Cambridge–Newton–Framingham, MA Metropolitan Division (2,292,833)

* Middlesex County , Massachusetts (1,537,215) * Essex County , Massachusetts (755,618)

* Rockingham County–Strafford County, NH Metropolitan Division (421,939)

* Rockingham County , New Hampshire (297,820) * Strafford County , New Hampshire (124,119)

COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA (CSA)

Providence, Rhode Island

A wider functional metropolitan area based on commuting patterns is also defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the BOSTON–WORCESTER–PROVIDENCE COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA. This area consists of the metropolitan areas of Manchester , Worcester , Providence , as well as Cape Cod , in addition to greater Boston. The total population as of 2014 for the extended region was estimated at 8,099,575. The following areas, along with the above MSA, are included in the combined statistical area, with their estimated 2012 populations:

* Worcester, MA–CT, metropolitan statistical area (923,762)

* Worcester County , Massachusetts (806,163) * Windham County, Connecticut (117,599)

* Providence–Warwick, RI–MA, metropolitan statistical area (1,601,374)

* Bristol County , Massachusetts (551,082) * Bristol County , Rhode Island (49,144) * Kent County , Rhode Island (164,843) * Newport County , Rhode Island (82,036) * Providence County , Rhode Island (628,323) * Washington County , Rhode Island (125,946)

* Concord, NH, micropolitan statistical area (146,761)

* Merrimack County , New Hampshire (146,761)

* Laconia, NH, micropolitan statistical area (60,327)

* Belknap County , New Hampshire (60,327)

* Manchester–Nashua, NH, metropolitan statistical area (402,922)

* Hillsborough County , New Hampshire (402,922)

* Barnstable Town, MA, metropolitan statistical area (215,423)

* Barnstable County, Massachusetts (215,423)

PRINCIPAL CITIES AND TOWNS

Winthrop, MA Cities and towns

* Arlington * Bedford * Belmont * Boston * Braintree * Brockton * Brookline * Burlington * Cambridge * Chelsea * Dedham * Everett * Lexington * Lynn * Lynnfield * Malden * Medford * Melrose * Nahant * Needham * Newton * North Reading * Norwood * Peabody * Quincy * Reading * Revere * Salem * Saugus * Somerville * Stoneham * Swampscott * Wakefield * Waltham * Watertown * Wellesley * Weymouth * Wilmington * Winchester * Winthrop * Woburn

BOSTON METROPOLITAN AREA

The Census Bureau defines the following as principal cities in the Boston NECTA using criteria developed for what the Office of Management and Budget calls a Core Based Statistical Area :

* Boston * Cambridge * Lowell * Providence * Quincy * Worcester

LARGEST CITIES AND TOWNS

Cities and towns in the Boston CSA with at least 50,000 residents:

RANK CITY 2000 population 2010 population 2014 population % change (2010 to 2014)

1 Boston 589,141 617,594 655,884 7000619986593134000♠+6.20%

2 Worcester 172,648 181,045 183,016 7000108867961004170♠+1.09%

3 Providence 173,618 178,042 179,154 6999624571730265890♠+0.62%

4 Manchester 107,006 109,565 110,448 6999805914297449010♠+0.81%

5 Lowell 105,167 106,519 109,945 7000321632760352610♠+3.22%

6 Cambridge 101,355 105,162 109,694 7000430954146935210♠+4.31%

7 New Bedford 93,768 95,072 94,845 3000761233591383370♠−0.24%

8 Brockton 94,304 93,810 94,779 7000103293891909179♠+1.03%

9 Quincy 88,025 92,271 93,397 7000122031840990130♠+1.22%

10 Lynn 89,050 90,329 92,137 7000200157203113059♠+2.00%

11 Fall River 91,938 88,857 88,712 3000836816457904280♠−0.16%

12 Newton 83,829 85,146 88,287 7000368895779014870♠+3.69%

13 Nashua 86,605 86,494 87,259 6999884454413022870♠+0.88%

14 Warwick 85,808 82,672 81,963 3000142394039094249♠−0.86%

15 Cranston 79,269 80,387 81,037 6999808588453356900♠+0.81%

16 Somerville 77,478 75,754 78,901 7000415423607994300♠+4.15%

17 Lawrence 72,043 76,377 78,197 7000238291632297679♠+2.38%

18 Pawtucket 72,958 71,148 71,499 6999493337831000160♠+0.49%

19 Framingham 66,910 68,318 70,068 7000256155039667440♠+2.56%

20 Waltham 59,226 60,632 63,014 7000392861855126010♠+3.93%

21 Haverhill 58,969 60,879 62,488 7000264294748599680♠+2.64%

22 Malden 56,340 59,450 60,859 7000237005887300250♠+2.37%

23 Brookline 57,107 58,732 59,115 6999652114690458360♠+0.65%

24 Plymouth 51,701 56,468 57,463 7000176205992774670♠+1.76%

25 Medford 55,765 56,173 57,437 7000225019137307960♠+2.25%

26 Taunton 55,976 55,874 56,544 7000119912660629270♠+1.20%

27 Weymouth 53,988 53,743 55,643 7000353534413784120♠+3.54%

28 Revere 47,283 51,755 54,157 7000464109747850450♠+4.64%

29 Peabody 48,129 51,251 52,376 7000219507912040739♠+2.20%

30 Methuen 43,789 47,255 52,044 7001101343773145699♠+10.13%

DEMOGRAPHICS

St. Patrick\'s Day Parade in Scituate, Massachusetts , in Plymouth County , the municipality with the highest percentage identifying Irish ancestry in the United States, at 47.5% in 2010. Irish Americans constitute the largest ethnicity in Greater Boston. Boston\'s Chinatown , with its paifang gate, is home to many Chinese and also Vietnamese restaurants. Boston gay pride march, held annually in June

POPULATION DENSITY

The most densely populated census tracts in the Boston CSA (2010):

RANK CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY

/SQ MI /KM2

1 Fenway–Kenmore 10404 5,817 110,108 285,180

2 Fenway–Kenmore 10403 3,003 87,828 227,470

3 Fenway–Kenmore 10408 1,426 85,137 220,500

4 Beacon Hill 202 3,649 80,851 209,400

5 North End 301 1,954 66,288 171,690

6 North End 302 1,665 64,642 167,420

7 North End 304 2,451 58,435 151,350

8 Cambridge 3539 7,090 56,819 147,160

9 Back Bay 10801 2,783 56,534 146,420

10 East Boston 502 5,231 55,692 144,240

RACE AND ETHNICITY

The 40 most diverse Census tracts in the Boston CSA:

RANK CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % WHITE % BLACK % HISPANIC % ASIAN % MULTIRACIAL OR OTHER

1 Dorchester 916 3,138 12 32 15 26 14

2 Pawtucket 161 4,607 28 24 28 1 18

3 Pawtucket 151 4,472 24 24 29 1 23

4 Pawtucket 164 4,938 29 26 21 2 20

5 Dorchester 912 3,234 30 24 22 6 18

6 Dorchester 92101 6,451 30 22 11 31 6

7 Brockton 5115 4,308 21 32 13 2 32

8 Brockton 511 3,040 28 33 15 1 24

9 New Bedford 6519 1,942 26 11 33 1 29

10 Mission Hill 80801 3,885 32 20 35 10 2

11 Pawtucket 154 2,258 35 20 35 0 11

12 Brockton 5114 3,716 24 36 14 2 23

13 Brockton 5109 2,531 24 36 16 1 24

14 Brockton 5103 3,798 23 38 15 2 24

15 Brockton 5104 3,706 19 38 15 2 25

16 Dorchester 90901 3,730 38 18 21 20 4

17 Worcester 733 3,762 38 10 37 12 4

18 Providence 26 3,098 23 22 39 10 6

19 Malden 3415 4,780 39 23 14 19 5

20 Cambridge 3524 2,126 27 39 16 12 5

21 South End 71202 3,131 39 19 24 15 3

22 Brockton 511301 5,334 39 31 11 2 17

23 Providence 15 2,994 28 13 41 14 4

24 South Boston 61 3,098 41 15 29 11 4

25 Lynn 2072 2,939 30 12 42 13 2

26 Cambridge 3549 6,058 35 30 9 20 5

27 South Boston 61101 2,232 20 21 42 14 2

28 Brockton 5116 7,211 42 29 10 2 16

29 Roxbury 801 3,350 15 43 28 1 11

30 Lowell 3114 5,986 44 11 14 26 5

31 Brockton 5108 6,339 18 44 12 2 22

32 Mission Hill 81001 4,890 45 14 19 19 2

33 Malden 3418 6,554 46 20 13 16 5

34 South Boston 607 1,893 19 20 46 10 5

35 Brockton 5107 5,656 46 31 8 4 11

36 Brockton 5112 4,849 47 26 11 1 13

37 Somerville 351404 4,289 47 7 22 13 11

38 Lynn 2071 3,513 18 11 48 19 3

39 Framingham 383101 4,923 23 10 48 1 18

40 Mission Hill 811 4,091 48 21 15 13 2

The 40 census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Hispanic or Latino:

RANK CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % HISPANIC OR LATINO

1 Lawrence 2525 3,810 94

2 Lawrence 2509 2,193 93

3 Lawrence 2504 3,858 90

4 Lawrence 2503 2,101 89

5 Lawrence 2513 3,721 89

6 Lawrence 2512 1,356 86

7 Lawrence 2507 4,756 86

8 Lawrence 251 1,782 85

9 Chelsea 1602 4,043 83

10 Lawrence 2506 5,599 83

11 Lawrence 2514 5,053 77

12 Chelsea 160101 7,551 76

13 Lawrence 2501 2,329 75

14 Lawrence 2516 5,977 74

15 Lawrence 2511 2,937 73

16 Lawrence 2502 5,524 72

17 Chelsea 1604 2,716 71

18 Chelsea 160501 5,604 71

19 Providence 16 8,540 70

20 Lawrence 2515 6,149 70

21 Worcester 732001 3,327 67

22 East Boston 506 2,063 67

23 East Boston 502 5,231 66

24 East Boston 507 4,504 65

25 East Boston 50901 4,165 65

26 Providence 2 6,452 64

27 Providence 4 3,761 64

28 Providence 14 6,693 63

29 Providence 5 3,040 63

30 Central Falls 11 5,534 63

31 Lawrence 2508 6,932 63

32 Chelsea 160502 4,460 62

33 Methuen 2524 4,175 62

34 Providence 17 3,744 62

35 Providence 18 7,114 61

36 Central Falls 111 4,176 61

37 East Boston 50101 5,115 61

38 Lawrence 2517 5,145 61

39 Providence 3 7,714 60

40 Central Falls 108 4,763 59

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Black American:

RANK CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % BLACK

1 Mattapan 101101 3,115 84

2 Mattapan 101102 4,396 84

3 Mattapan 101001 5,480 83

4 Mattapan 1003 3,303 80

5 Mattapan 1002 2,787 78

6 Mattapan 101002 4,979 77

7 Dorchester 923 2,893 77

8 Roxbury 82 2,815 74

9 Roxbury 817 3,820 71

10 Hyde Park 1404 7,650 71

11 Roxbury 901 4,571 71

12 Dorchester 919 3,860 70

13 Dorchester 1004 4,865 68

14 Roxbury 819 3,115 66

15 Roxbury 924 5,277 66

16 Roxbury 818 2,898 65

17 Mattapan 1001 5,510 64

18 Roxbury 815 2,134 62

19 Roxbury 821 5,025 62

20 Roxbury 803 1,769 60

21 Roxbury 903 3,179 58

22 Dorchester 1009 4,072 58

23 Dorchester 1005 5,909 55

24 Hyde Park 1403 6,382 54

25 Dorchester 92 4,945 54

26 Roxbury 902 2,233 53

27 Dorchester 918 3,452 52

28 Roxbury 904 3,659 52

29 Roxbury 814 3,003 50

30 Roxbury 80401 2,710 50

31 Roslindale 140106 1,901 49

32 Dorchester 917 3,069 47

33 Dorchester 914 2,741 46

34 Brockton 5108 6,339 44

35 Roxbury 805 3,096 44

36 Roxbury 801 3,350 43

37 Randolph 420302 7,703 42

38 Roxbury 813 4,760 42

39 Dorchester 922 3,349 42

40 Randolph 420202 6,303 40

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Asian American:

RANK CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % ASIAN

1 South End 70402 1,723 70

2 Chinatown 702 5,218 58

3 Lowell 3112 3,267 55

4 Lowell 3118 3,513 54

5 Lowell 3117 5,098 47

6 Quincy 417502 4,639 45

7 Quincy 4172 8,182 44

8 Malden 3413 5,439 39

9 Lowell 3113 4,057 38

10 Westborough 742402 3,026 38

11 Quincy 417501 5,004 37

12 Cambridge 353102 5,040 36

13 Quincy 417802 3,150 35

14 Lowell 3111 2,410 34

15 Lowell 3115 2,974 33

16 Dorchester 92101 6,451 31

17 Quincy 417601 5,196 30

18 Fenway–Kenmore 10103 4,569 29

19 Quincy 4180002 7,020 28

20 Quincy 417602 5,155 28

21 Chinatown/Leather District /Downtown 70101 5,902 27

22 Cambridge 3539 7,090 27

23 Lowell 3114 5,986 26

24 Lowell 3116 5,295 26

25 Lowell 3107 4,441 26

26 Quincy 4171 4,264 26

27 Dorchester 916 3,138 26

28 Malden 3412 6,857 25

29 Malden 341102 4,564 25

30 Malden 341101 3,675 25

31 Acton 363102 5,909 25

32 Dorchester 911 4,861 25

33 Allston-Brighton 703 2,791 24

34 Lexington 3583 5,526 24

35 Quincy 418004 4,280 23

36 Brookline 4009 3,865 22

37 Cambridge 3532 4,897 22

38 Cambridge 352101 1,654 22

39 Shrewsbury 7391 9,557 22

40 Westborough 7612 5,780 22

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Irish American:

CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % IRISH

South Boston 60101 3,106 68

Milton 416400 6,069 63

Charlestown 040401 2,439 63

Dorchester 1007 4,322 63

South Boston 608 3,964 62

South Boston 604 4,904 61

Milton 416101 5,724 58

Marshfield 506204 4,886 57

Weymouth 422100 5,293 57

Quincy 417801 5,443 55

Hull 500101 3,702 55

Scituate 505101 3,860 55

West Roxbury 130402 4,637 54

Quincy 417400 2,566 53

South Boston 60301 3,076 52

Abington 520100 6,458 52

Braintree 419200 5,002 52

Braintree 419600 6,766 52

Abington 520201 3,952 52

Pembroke 508200 6,031 52

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Italian American:

CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % ITALIAN

Johnston 012402 2,486 63

Cranston 014501 5,179 58

Johnston 012500 5,490 57

Johnston 012200 7,187 57

Providence 011902 4,780 55

Cranston 014800 5,591 55

Saugus 208102 3,343 51

Cranston 014300 4,716 49

Cranston 014600 6,991 49

Cranston 014502 4,096 48

Johnston 012300 6,656 48

Johnston 012401 6,950 48

Stoneham 337102 5,042 45

Stoneham 337202 4,849 45

Revere 170200 4,564 45

Revere 170502 2,818 43

Cranston 013900 2,992 43

Revere 170300 9,040 43

North Providence 012103 2,965 43

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with the highest percentage of residents who identify as Portuguese American:

CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % PORTUGUESE

New Bedford 652800 3,277 72

Fall River 640600 4,450 69

Dartmouth 653203 5,005 65

New Bedford 652400 2,664 64

New Bedford 652000 2,676 62

Fall River 640500 5,165 60

Fall River 641200 2,803 59

New Bedford 650500 3,141 58

Fall River 640901 5,071 58

New Bedford 650400 3,773 57

New Bedford 652500 2,589 56

East Providence 010400 6,661 55

New Bedford 652300 2,870 54

Fall River 641000 2,419 54

Fall River 640300 3,693 53

Westport 646101 7,356 53

Fall River 640700 2,900 53

Fall River 640400 2,682 53

New Bedford 650101 5,753 53

Fall River 640100 5,358 52

Census tracts in the Boston CSA with French or French Canadian listed as first ancestry:

CITY OR NEIGHBORHOOD CENSUS TRACT POPULATION % FRENCH

Woonsocket 018500 2,831 66

Woonsocket 017700 3,518 61

Woonsocket 017500 3,128 59

Woonsocket 017800 2,514 58

Burrillville 013001 3,479 56

North Smithfield 012802 2,391 54

North Smithfield 012803 4,776 53

Burrillville 013002 7,539 53

North Smithfield 012801 4,800 52

Manchester 002300 3,758 52

Woonsocket 017900 3,049 51

Burrillville 012900 4,937 50

Manchester 000202 2,297 49

Manchester 002100 4,782 49

Woonsocket 017600 2,560 49

Manchester 002600 5,746 48

Manchester 002200 3,232 47

Woonsocket 018400 6,527 47

Blackstone 747101 5,110 47

Woonsocket 018000 2,680 46

OTHER

Greater Boston has a sizable Jewish community, estimated at between 210,000 people, and 261,000 or 5–6% of the Greater Boston metro population, compared with about 2% for the nation as a whole. Contrary to national trends, the number of Jews in Greater Boston has been growing, fueled by the fact that 60% of children in Jewish mixed-faith families are raised Jewish, compared with roughly one in three nationally.

The City of Boston also has one of the largest LGBT populations per capita. It ranks fifth of all major cities in the country (behind San Francisco, and slightly behind Seattle , Atlanta , and Minneapolis respectively), with 12.3% of the city identifying as gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

HIGHER EDUCATION

See also: Boston, Massachusetts § Education ; List of colleges and universities in metropolitan Boston ; and List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts Harvard University and MIT are both widely regarded as in the top handful of universities worldwide for academic research in various disciplines.

A long established center of higher education, the area includes many community colleges, two-year schools, and internationally prominent undergraduate and graduate institutions. The graduate schools include highly regarded schools of law, medicine, business, technology, international relations, public health, education, and religion. Greater Boston contains seven R1 Research Institutions as per the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education . This is, by far, the highest number of such institutions in a single Metropolitan Statistical Area in the United States .

* v * t * e

Colleges and universities in metropolitan Boston

* Andover Newton Theological School * Bay State College * Benjamin Franklin Institute of Technology * Bentley University * Berklee College of Music * Boston Architectural College * Boston Baptist College * Boston College * Boston Conservatory * Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis * Boston University * Brandeis University * Bunker Hill Community College * Cambridge College * Curry College * Eastern Nazarene College * Emerson College * Emmanuel College * Episcopal Divinity School * Fisher College * Harvard University * Hebrew College * Hellenic College * Hult International Business School * Labouré College * Lasell College * Lesley University * Longy School of Music * Massachusetts College of Art and Design * Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences * Massachusetts Institute of Technology * MGH Institute * Mount Ida College * Newbury College * New England College of Optometry * New England Conservatory * New England Institute of Art * New England School of Law * Northeastern University * Pine Manor College * Quincy College * Roxbury Community College * St. John\'s Seminary * School of the Museum of Fine Arts at Tufts * Simmons College * Suffolk University * Tufts University * University of Massachusetts Boston * Urban College of Boston * Wentworth Institute of Technology * Wheelock College * William James College

SELECTED STATISTICS

Changes in house prices for the Greater Boston area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index ; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor\'s and is also a component of S&P's 10-city composite index of the value of the residential real estate market.

MAJOR COMPANIES

References:

* Companies along, inside or outside I-495 :

* Abbott Laboratories , in Worcester (pharmaceutical laboratory) * Advanced Cell Technology , in Worcester (research laboratory) * AMD , in Boxborough * Analog Devices , in Norwood * Atlantic Broadband , in Quincy * Atlantic Tele-Network , in Beverly * Avid Technology, Inc , in Burlington (headquarters) * Azimuth Systems , in Acton * Bain & Company , in Boston (headquarters) * Bain Capital , in Boston (headquarters) * Bertucci\'s Corporation , in Northborough (headquarters) * BJ\'s Wholesale Club, Inc. , in Westborough (headquarters) * Bose Corporation , in Framingham (headquarters) * Boston Properties, Inc. , in Boston (headquarters) * Boston Scientific Corporation , in Marlborough * Boston Scientific Corporation , in Natick (headquarters) * Charles River Laboratories , in Wilmington (headquarters) * Cisco Systems , in Boxborough * Converse , in North Andover (headquarters) * CommunityRoot , in Boston (headquarters) * David Clark Company , in Worcester (manufacturer of space suits) * Diebold , in Marlborough (regional headquarters) * EMC Corporation , in Hopkinton (headquarters) * Evergreen Solar , in Marlborough (headquarters) * Genzyme Corporation , in Framingham * Hewlett-Packard , in Marlborough

(regional headquarters)

*

* Schneider Electric , in Andover, Massachusetts * HourlyNerd , in Boston * Innerscope Research , in Boston (headquarters) * Intel Corporation , in Hudson * Kronos Incorporated , in Chelmsford, Massachusetts (headquarters) * Marshalls , Inc, in Framingham (headquarters) * The MathWorks , in Natick * MITRE Corporation , in Bedford (headquarters) * Morgan Construction Company , in Worcester (rolling steel mill technology) * National Amusements , in Norwood (headquarters) * Novartis , headquartered in Cambridge , with locations worldwide (a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel ) * Philips Electronics North America , in Andover (regional headquarters) * Philips Healthcare , in Andover (global headquarters) and Framingham * Red Hat , in Westford (engineering headquarters) * Reed & Barton in Taunton (factory and headquarters) * Saint-Gobain , in Worcester * Sepracor, Inc. , in Marlborough (headquarters) * Staples, Inc. , in Framingham (headquarters) * Stop & Shop , in Quincy (headquarters) * TJX Corporation , in Framingham (headquarters) * Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. , in Boston (headquarters) * UniFirst , in Wilmington (headquarters) * WB Mason , in Brockton (headquarters) * Wyman-Gordon , in Grafton (complex metal components and products)

* Companies along or inside I-95 (Route 128 ), not including Boston:

* Akamai Technologies , in Cambridge (headquarters) * AstraZeneca , in Waltham (R&D) * BBN Technologies , in Cambridge (headquarters) * Biocell Center , in Medford (North American headquarters) * Biogen Idec , in Weston (North American headquarters) * Carl Zeiss SMT , in Peabody (North American headquarters) * Constant Contact , in Walthem * Dunkin\' Brands , in Canton (headquarters) * Facebook , in Cambridge * General Electric Aviation , in Lynn * Genzyme Corporation , in Cambridge (headquarters) * Genzyme Corporation , in Waltham (R&D) * Google Inc. , in Cambridge * Haemonetics , in Braintree * IBM , in Waltham, Cambridge and Littleton * InterSystems Corporation , in Cambridge (headquarters) * iRobot Corporation , in Burlington (headquarters) * Keurig , in Reading (headquarters) * Meditech , in Westwood (headquarters) * Microsoft Corporation , in Cambridge * Millennium Pharmaceuticals , in Cambridge * National Amusements (Parent company of CBS and Viacom), in Dedham (headquarters) * National Grid , in Waltham (US headquarters) * NetApp Inc , in Waltham * NetBlazr , in Watertown * Nokia , in Burlington * Novartis AG, Inc , in Cambridge (research headquarters) * Novell, Inc. , in Waltham * Nuance Communications , in Burlington * Oracle Corporation in Burlington * Osram Sylvania in Danvers (headquarters) * Parametric Technology Corporation in Needham (headquarters) * Philips Lighting in Burlington * Progress Software in Bedford (headquarters) * Raytheon , in Waltham (headquarters) * Reebok , in Canton (US headquarters) * SunSetter Products, LP , in Malden (headquarters) * Teradyne , in North Reading (headquarters) * Thermo Fisher Scientific , in Waltham (headquarters) * TripAdvisor, LLC , in Needham (headquarters) * Twitter , in Cambridge * Vistaprint , in Lexington (North American headquarters)

* Major companies inside Boston proper:

* American Tower (headquarters) * Au Bon Pain (headquarters) * Bain & Company (headquarters) * Bentley Motors (US headquarters) * Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts (headquarters) * Boston Consulting Group (headquarters) * Fidelity Investments (headquarters) * The Gillette Company , now owned by Procter ">_ The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple

* Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA, generally known as the "T") rapid transit lines:

* Red Line heavy rail : Cambridge –Braintree and Boston (Mattapan ) * Orange Line heavy rail: Boston (Jamaica Plain )–Malden * Blue Line heavy rail: Boston–Revere * Green Line light rail /streetcar : Cambridge–Brookline and Newton * Ashmont–Mattapan High Speed Line streetcar : Ashmont -Milton - Mattapan * Silver Line Bus Rapid Transit South Station–Logan Airport and Downtown–Dudley Square

* MBTA Commuter Rail

* Old Colony Lines serving Plymouth County * Providence/Stoughton Line serving northern Bristol County, western Norfolk County, Kent County, and Washington County, connecting to Providence, Rhode Island * Fairmount Line shuttle service from South Station * Franklin Line serving western Norfolk County * Greenbush Line serving Boston's South Shore * Needham Line serving Boston suburbs and Needham * Framingham/Worcester Line serving southwestern Middlesex County, connecting to Worcester * Fitchburg Line serving northwestern Middlesex County, connecting to Fitchburg * Lowell Line serving northern Middlesex County * Haverhill/Reading Line and Newburyport/Rockport Line serving Essex County "> The Salem Ferry, 92 ft. Catamaran is photographed approaching its dock off Blaney Street at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem , Massachusetts , United States.

* Port of Boston ( Massport ) * Cape Cod Canal

GEOGRAPHY

* Rivers

* Charles River * Concord River * Ipswich River * Merrimack River * Mystic River * Neponset River * Sudbury River * Taunton River * Weymouth Fore River

* Hills

* Bellevue Hill * Great Blue Hill

CLIMATE

CLIMATE DATA FOR CONCORD MUNICIPAL AIRPORT , NEW HAMPSHIRE (1981−2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1903–PRESENT)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 69 (21) 67 (19) 89 (32) 95 (35) 98 (37) 101 (38) 102 (39) 101 (38) 98 (37) 90 (32) 80 (27) 73 (23) 102 (39)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 50.8 (10.4) 53.7 (12.1) 66.6 (19.2) 81.5 (27.5) 88.7 (31.5) 92.0 (33.3) 93.1 (33.9) 91.8 (33.2) 87.7 (30.9) 78.5 (25.8) 68.7 (20.4) 56.0 (13.3) 95.5 (35.3)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 30.8 (−0.7) 34.9 (1.6) 43.8 (6.6) 57.4 (14.1) 68.9 (20.5) 77.4 (25.2) 82.3 (27.9) 80.9 (27.2) 72.6 (22.6) 60.5 (15.8) 48.4 (9.1) 36.3 (2.4) 58.0 (14.4)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 10.4 (−12) 13.8 (−10.1) 22.5 (−5.3) 32.7 (0.4) 42.6 (5.9) 52.5 (11.4) 57.7 (14.3) 56.1 (13.4) 47.4 (8.6) 35.8 (2.1) 28.2 (−2.1) 17.2 (−8.2) 34.8 (1.6)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) −11.2 (−24) −8.2 (−22.3) 0.8 (−17.3) 19.4 (−7) 28.1 (−2.2) 37.9 (3.3) 45.4 (7.4) 42.0 (5.6) 31.8 (−0.1) 21.2 (−6) 11.1 (−11.6) −2.8 (−19.3) −14.6 (−25.9)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −33 (−36) −37 (−38) −16 (−27) 4 (−16) 21 (−6) 30 (−1) 35 (2) 29 (−2) 20 (−7) 10 (−12) −5 (−21) −22 (−30) −37 (−38)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.70 (68.6) 2.62 (66.5) 3.27 (83.1) 3.41 (86.6) 3.66 (93) 3.69 (93.7) 3.74 (95) 3.18 (80.8) 3.38 (85.9) 4.04 (102.6) 3.72 (94.5) 3.20 (81.3) 40.61 (1,031.6)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 18.1 (46) 12.3 (31.2) 11.1 (28.2) 2.8 (7.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) trace 2.6 (6.6) 14.5 (36.8) 61.4 (156)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 10.8 9.5 11.5 11.8 12.4 12.7 10.9 9.8 9.3 10.1 11.2 10.9 130.9

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 8.2 6.5 5.3 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.9 6.6 29.7

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 67.9 66.0 64.8 62.0 65.0 70.9 71.8 74.5 76.3 72.8 73.3 72.3 69.8

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 162.8 171.8 210.5 223.2 258.4 274.3 295.8 261.9 214.7 183.4 127.8 134.8 2,519.4

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 56 58 57 56 57 60 64 61 57 54 44 48 56

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)

CLIMATE DATA FOR BOSTON (LOGAN AIRPORT), 1981−2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1872−PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 72 (22) 73 (23) 89 (32) 94 (34) 97 (36) 100 (38) 104 (40) 102 (39) 102 (39) 90 (32) 83 (28) 76 (24) 104 (40)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 56.4 (13.6) 57.7 (14.3) 67.6 (19.8) 80.7 (27.1) 87.3 (30.7) 92.1 (33.4) 94.9 (34.9) 93.3 (34.1) 87.9 (31.1) 79.1 (26.2) 70.5 (21.4) 61.3 (16.3) 96.2 (35.7)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 35.8 (2.1) 38.7 (3.7) 45.4 (7.4) 55.6 (13.1) 66.0 (18.9) 75.9 (24.4) 81.4 (27.4) 79.6 (26.4) 72.4 (22.4) 61.4 (16.3) 51.5 (10.8) 41.2 (5.1) 58.8 (14.9)

DAILY MEAN °F (°C) 29.0 (−1.7) 31.7 (−0.2) 38.3 (3.5) 48.1 (8.9) 57.9 (14.4) 67.7 (19.8) 73.4 (23) 72.1 (22.3) 64.9 (18.3) 54.0 (12.2) 44.7 (7.1) 34.7 (1.5) 51.5 (10.8)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 22.2 (−5.4) 24.7 (−4.1) 31.1 (−0.5) 40.6 (4.8) 49.9 (9.9) 59.5 (15.3) 65.4 (18.6) 64.6 (18.1) 57.4 (14.1) 46.5 (8.1) 38.0 (3.3) 28.2 (−2.1) 44.1 (6.7)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 4.1 (−15.5) 8.5 (−13.1) 14.7 (−9.6) 30.7 (−0.7) 40.8 (4.9) 49.6 (9.8) 57.3 (14.1) 55.4 (13) 45.8 (7.7) 34.9 (1.6) 24.2 (−4.3) 11.1 (−11.6) 2.3 (−16.5)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −13 (−25) −18 (−28) −8 (−22) 11 (−12) 31 (−1) 41 (5) 50 (10) 46 (8) 34 (1) 25 (−4) −2 (−19) −17 (−27) −18 (−28)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 3.36 (85.3) 3.25 (82.6) 4.32 (109.7) 3.74 (95) 3.49 (88.6) 3.68 (93.5) 3.43 (87.1) 3.35 (85.1) 3.44 (87.4) 3.94 (100.1) 3.99 (101.3) 3.78 (96) 43.77 (1,111.8)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 12.9 (32.8) 10.9 (27.7) 7.8 (19.8) 1.9 (4.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) trace 1.3 (3.3) 9.0 (22.9) 43.8 (111.3)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 11.3 9.8 11.6 11.2 12.0 10.9 9.6 9.4 8.6 9.4 10.6 11.6 126.0

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 6.7 5.3 4.2 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8 4.6 22.4

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 62.3 62.0 63.1 63.0 66.7 68.5 68.4 70.8 71.8 68.5 67.5 65.4 66.5

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 163.4 168.4 213.7 227.2 267.3 286.5 300.9 277.3 237.1 206.3 143.2 142.3 2,633.6

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 56 57 58 57 59 63 65 64 63 60 49 50 59

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)

CLIMATE DATA FOR PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND (T. F. GREEN AIRPORT ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1904–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 69 (21) 72 (22) 90 (32) 98 (37) 96 (36) 98 (37) 102 (39) 104 (40) 100 (38) 88 (31) 81 (27) 77 (25) 104 (40)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 57.2 (14) 58.3 (14.6) 68.4 (20.2) 80.3 (26.8) 86.2 (30.1) 91.3 (32.9) 94.5 (34.7) 92.3 (33.5) 87.0 (30.6) 78.1 (25.6) 70.0 (21.1) 60.8 (16) 96.2 (35.7)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 37.4 (3) 40.3 (4.6) 47.8 (8.8) 58.6 (14.8) 68.4 (20.2) 77.5 (25.3) 82.8 (28.2) 81.4 (27.4) 74.2 (23.4) 63.3 (17.4) 53.2 (11.8) 42.3 (5.7) 60.6 (15.9)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 21.0 (−6.1) 23.6 (−4.7) 30.0 (−1.1) 39.6 (4.2) 48.6 (9.2) 58.4 (14.7) 64.2 (17.9) 63.2 (17.3) 55.3 (12.9) 43.9 (6.6) 35.7 (2.1) 26.3 (−3.2) 42.5 (5.8)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 2.9 (−16.2) 7.7 (−13.5) 14.7 (−9.6) 28.8 (−1.8) 36.9 (2.7) 47.1 (8.4) 55.0 (12.8) 52.4 (11.3) 42.2 (5.7) 31.2 (−0.4) 21.7 (−5.7) 10.4 (−12) 0.9 (−17.3)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −13 (−25) −17 (−27) 1 (−17) 11 (−12) 29 (−2) 39 (4) 48 (9) 40 (4) 32 (0) 20 (−7) 6 (−14) −12 (−24) −17 (−27)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 3.86 (98) 3.29 (83.6) 5.01 (127.3) 4.36 (110.7) 3.55 (90.2) 3.64 (92.5) 3.29 (83.6) 3.60 (91.4) 3.92 (99.6) 3.93 (99.8) 4.51 (114.6) 4.22 (107.2) 47.18 (1,198.4)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 9.0 (22.9) 8.5 (21.6) 5.5 (14) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.5 (3.8) 8.7 (22.1) 33.8 (85.9)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 10.9 9.7 11.9 11.3 12.0 10.9 9.4 9.0 8.7 9.4 10.1 11.6 124.9

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 5.7 4.6 3.5 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.9 18.7

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 63.9 63.0 62.9 61.4 66.6 70.1 71.0 72.5 73.0 70.2 68.9 67.0 67.5

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 171.7 172.6 215.6 225.1 254.9 274.1 290.6 262.8 233.0 208.7 148.0 148.6 2,605.7

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 58 58 58 56 57 60 63 61 62 61 50 52 58

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990), The Weather Channel

SEE ALSO

* Boston portal

* Greater Boston League , a high school athletic conference in Massachusetts

NOTES

* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for Concord were kept at downtown from January 1903 to April 1941 and at Concord Municipal Airport since May 1941. For more information, see ThreadEx * ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for Boston were kept at downtown from January 1872 to December 1935, and at Logan Airport (KBOS) since January 1936.

* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for Providence kept at downtown from November 1904 to May 1932 and at T. F. Green Airport since June 1932.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Housing and Economic Development:Key Industries". _mass.gov_. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ "2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 18, 2016. * ^ Will Joyner (9 April 1999). "Where Literary Legends Took Shape Around Boston". _ The New York Times _. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ "The 1692 Salem Witch Trials". _SalemWitchTrialsMuseum.com_. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ "Faneuil Hall". _Celebrateboston.com_. Retrieved April 21, 2015. * ^ "The Temperance Issue in the Election of 1840: Massachusetts". _Teachushistory.org_. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ Packer, Barbara. _The Transcendentalists_. University of Georgia Press; First edition (April 25, 2007). ISBN 978-0820329581 . * ^ "Images of the Antislavery Movement in Massachusetts". _Masshist.org_. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ " Massachusetts court strikes down ban on same-sex marriage". Reuters. November 18, 2003. Retrieved April 21, 2015. * ^ "History of Harvard University". _ Harvard University _. Retrieved April 21, 2015. * ^ Tamar Lewin (January 28, 2015). "Harvard’s Endowment Remains Biggest of All". _ The New York Times _. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ Richard Wolf (March 16, 2016). "Meet Merrick Garland, Obama\'s Supreme Court nominee". _ USA Today _. Retrieved May 9, 2016. * ^ " Kendall Square Initiative". MIT. Retrieved December 1, 2016. * ^ Lelund Cheung. "When a neighborhood is crowned the most innovative square mile in the world, how do you keep it that way?". Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. Retrieved December 1, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ Accessed May 9, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "About MAPC". Metropolitan Area Planning Council. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-05-14. * ^ "Metropolitan Area Planning Council Strategic Plan 2015–2020" (PDF). Metropolitan Area Planning Council. Retrieved 2017-04-22. * ^ "Transportation Plan – Overview". Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. 2009. Archived from the original on August 29, 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-27. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Principal cities of New England city and town areas (NECTAs)" (XLS spreadsheet). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2015. * ^ "Standards for Defining Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (PDF). Office of Management and Budget. December 27, 2000. Retrieved September 14, 2009. * ^ "City and Town Population for 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. * ^ Jane Walsh (November 25, 2015). "The most Irish town in America is named using US census data". Irish Central. Retrieved May 8, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ "Mapping the 2010 U.S. Census". U.S. Census Bureau. * ^ "Irish as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "Italian as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ * ^ "French as First Ancestry Population Percentage Rank of Census Tract within 100 miles of Zip Code 02176". Usa.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Michael Paulson (2006-11-10). "Jewish population in region rises". _The Boston Globe_. Retrieved 2009-11-29. * ^ "Cities with the Largest Jewish Population in the Diaspora". adherents.com. Retrieved 2009-11-29. * ^ "Metro Area Membership Report". The Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved 2009-11-29. * ^ "12.9% in Seattle are gay or bisexual, second only to S.F., study says". _The Seattle Times_. The Seattle Times Company. 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-01. * ^ "2009 Globe 100 – Top Massachusetts-based employers". _The Boston Globe_. 2010-01-19. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009.

* ^ Archived March 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Top Companies in Massachusetts on the Inc. 5000 - Inc.com". Inc.com. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ Archived October 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Who We Are & About Us - Vistaprint". _News.vistaprint.com_. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015. * ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2014-05-23. * ^ "Station Name: NH CONCORD MUNI AP" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-11. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for CONCORD MUNICIPAL AP, NH 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11. * ^ ThreadEx * ^ "Station Name: MA BOSTON LOGAN INTL AP" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-24. * ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2017-02-25. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for BOSTON/LOGAN INT\'L AIRPORT, MA 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11. * ^ ThreadEx * ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2016-04-17. * ^ "Station Name: RI PROVIDENCE T F GREEN AP" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-13. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for PROVIDENCE/GREEN STATE, RI 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11. * ^ "Monthly average temperatures and precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2009-08-30.

FURTHER READING

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for GREATER BOSTON _.

* Wilson, Susan (2005). _The Literary Trail of Greater Boston: A Tour of Sites in Boston, Cambridge, and Concord, Revised Edition_. Commonwealth Editions. ISBN 1-889833-67-3 . An informative guidebook, with facts and data about literary figures, publishers, bookstores, libraries, and other historic sites on the newly designated Literary Trail of Greater Boston. * Warner, Sam, Jr. (2001). _Greater Boston: Adapting Regional Traditions to the Present_. University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0-8122-1769-1 .

* v * t * e

Region of Greater Boston

COUNTIES

* Belknap, NH * Bristol, MA * Bristol, RI * Essex, MA * Hillsborough, NH * Kent, RI * Merrimack, NH * Middlesex, MA * Newport, RI * Norfolk, MA * Plymouth, MA * Providence, RI * Rockingham, NH * Strafford, NH * Suffolk, MA * Washington, RI * Worcester, MA

MAJOR CITIES

* Boston

Cities and towns 100k-250k

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* Barnstable * Berkshire * Bristol * Dukes * Essex * Franklin * Hampden * Hampshire * Middlesex * Nantucket * Norfolk * Plymouth * Suffolk * Worcester

CITIES

* Agawam * Amesbury * Attleboro * Barnstable * Beverly * Boston * Braintree * Bridgewater * Brockton * Cambridge * Chelsea * Chicopee * East Longmeadow * Easthampton * Everett * Fall River * Fitchburg * Franklin * Gardner * Gloucester * Greenfield * Haverhill * Holyoke * Lawrence * Leominster * Lowell * Lynn * Malden * Marlborough * Medford * Melrose * Methuen * New Bedford * Newburyport * Newton * North Adams * Northampton * Palmer * Peabody * Pittsfield * Quincy * Randolph * Revere * Salem * Somerville * Southbridge * Springfield * Taunton * Waltham * Watertown * Westfield * West Springfield * Weymouth * Winthrop * Woburn * Worcester * Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see all municipalities )

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State of New Hampshire

CONCORD (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * History * Geography * People * Government * Delegations * Constitution * General Court * Executive Council * Governor * Supreme Court * Elections * Symbols * Tourist attractions

SOCIETY

* Culture * Crime * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS

* Dartmouth–Lake Sunapee * Great North Woods * Lakes Region * Merrimack Valley * Monadnock * Seacoast * White Mountains

COUNTIES

* Belknap * Carroll * Cheshire * Coös * Grafton * Hillsborough * Merrimack * Rockingham * Strafford * Sullivan

CITIES

* Berlin * Claremont * Concord * Dover * Franklin * Keene * Laconia * Lebanon * Manchester * Nashua * Portsmouth * Rochester * Somersworth

TOWNS

* Acworth * Albany * Alexandria * Allenstown * Alstead * Alton * Amherst * Andover * Antrim * Ashland * Atkinson * Auburn * Barnstead * Barrington * Bartlett * Bath * Bedford * Belmont * Bennington * Benton * Bethlehem * Boscawen * Bow * Bradford * Brentwood * Bridgewater * Bristol * Brookfield * Brookline * Campton * Canaan * Candia * Canterbury * Carroll * Center Harbor * Charlestown * Chatham * Chester * Chesterfield * Chichester * Clarksville * Colebrook * Columbia * Conway * Cornish * Croydon * Dalton * Danbury * Danville * Deerfield * Deering * Derry * Dorchester * Dublin * Dummer * Dunbarton * Durham * East Kingston * Easton * Eaton * Effingham * Ellsworth * Enfield * Epping * Epsom * Errol * Exeter * Farmington * Fitzwilliam * Francestown * Franconia * Freedom * Fremont * Gilford * Gilmanton * Gilsum * Goffstown * Gorham * Goshen * Grafton * Grantham * Greenfield * Greenland * Greenville * Groton * Hampstead * Hampton * Hampton Falls * Hancock * Hanover * Harrisville * Hart\'s Location * Haverhill * Hebron * Henniker * Hill * Hillsborough * Hinsdale * Holderness * Hollis * Hooksett * Hopkinton * Hudson * Jackson * Jaffrey * Jefferson * Kensington * Kingston * Lancaster * Landaff * Langdon * Lee * Lempster * Lincoln * Lisbon * Litchfield * Littleton * Londonderry * Loudon * Lyman * Lyme * Lyndeborough * Madbury * Madison * Marlborough * Marlow * Mason * Meredith * Merrimack * Middleton * Milan * Milford * Milton * Monroe * Mont Vernon * Moultonborough * Nelson * New Boston * Newbury * New Castle * New Durham * Newfields * New Hampton * Newington * New Ipswich * New London * Newmarket * Newport * Newton * Northfield * North Hampton * Northumberland * Northwood * Nottingham * Orange * Orford * Ossipee * Pelham * Pembroke * Peterborough * Piermont * Pittsburg * Pittsfield * Plainfield * Plaistow * Plymouth * Randolph * Raymond * Richmond * Rindge * Rollinsford * Roxbury * Rumney * Rye * Salem * Salisbury * Sanbornton * Sandown * Sandwich * Seabrook * Sharon * Shelburne * South Hampton * Springfield * Stark * Stewartstown * Stoddard * Strafford * Stratford * Stratham * Sugar Hill * Sullivan * Sunapee * Surry * Sutton * Swanzey * Tamworth * Temple * Thornton * Tilton * Troy * Tuftonboro * Unity * Wakefield * Walpole * Warner * Warren * Washington * Waterville Valley * Weare * Webster * Wentworth * Westmoreland * Whitefield * Wilmot * Wilton * Winchester * Windham * Windsor * Wolfeboro * Woodstock

TOWNSHIPS

* Atkinson and Gilmanton Academy Grant * Bean\'s Grant * Bean\'s Purchase * Cambridge * Chandler\'s Purchase * Crawford\'s Purchase * Cutt\'s Grant * Dix\'s Grant * Dixville * Erving\'s Location * Green\'s Grant * Hadley\'s Purchase * Hale\'s Location * Kilkenny * Livermore * Low and Burbank\'s Grant * Martin\'s Location * Millsfield * Odell * Pinkham\'s Grant * Sargent\'s Purchase * Second College Grant * Success * Thompson and Meserve\'s Purchase * Wentworth\'s Location

* v * t * e

State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

PROVIDENCE (capital)

TOPICS

* Index * Buildings and structures * Colonial Colleges * Communications * Delegations * Geography * Government * History * Images * Narragansett people * People * State symbols * Thirteen Colonies * Visitor attractions * Quahog

SOCIETY

* Crime * Culture * Demographics * Economy * Education * Politics

REGIONS Counties Bristol Kent Newport Providence Washington Geographic Blackstone Valley Block Island Historic Regions Rhode Island Providence Plantations

CITIES

* Central Falls * Cranston * East Providence * Newport * Pawtucket * Providence * Warwick * Woonsocket

TOWNS

* Barrington * Bristol * Burrillville * Charlestown * Coventry * Cumberland * East Greenwich * Exeter * Foster * Glocester * Hopkinton * Jamestown * Johnston * Lincoln * Little Compton * Middletown * Narragansett * New Shoreham (Block Island) * North Kingstown * North Providence * North Smithfield * Portsmouth * Richmond * Scituate * Smithfield * South Kingstown * Tiverton * Warren * West Greenwich * West Warwick * Westerly

* v * t * e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

* New York, NY * Los Angeles, CA * Chicago, IL * Dallas, TX * Boston, MA * Houston, TX * Philadelphia, PA * Washington, DC * Miami, FL * Atlanta, GA * San Francisco, CA * Phoenix, AZ * Riverside, CA * Detroit, MI * Seattle, WA * Minneapolis, MN * San Diego, CA * Tampa, FL * St. Louis, MO * Baltimore, MD

* Denver, CO * Pittsburgh, PA * San Juan, PR * Charlotte, NC * Portland, OR * San Antonio, TX * Orlando, FL * Sacramento, CA * Cincinnati, OH * Cleveland, OH * Kansas City, MO * Las Vegas, NV * Columbus, OH * Indianapolis, IN * San Jose, CA * Austin, TX * Nashville, TN * Virginia Beach, VA * Providence, RI * Milwaukee, WI

* Jacksonville, FL * Memphis, TN * Oklahoma City, OK * Louisville, KY * Richmond, VA * New Orleans, LA * Hartford, CT * Raleigh, NC * Birmingham, AL * Buffalo, NY * Salt Lake City, UT * Rochester, NY * Grand Rapids, MI * Tucson, AZ * Honolulu, HI * Tulsa, OK * Fresno, CA * Bridgeport, CT * Worcester, MA * Albuquerque, NM

* Omaha, NE * Albany, NY * New Haven, CT * Bakersfield, CA * Knoxville, TN * Greenville, SC * Oxnard, CA * El Paso, TX * Allentown, PA * Baton Rouge, LA * McAllen, TX * Dayton, OH * Columbia, SC * Greensboro, NC * Sarasota, FL * Little Rock, AR * Stockton, CA * Akron, OH * Charleston, SC * Colorado Springs, CO

* Syracuse, NY * Winston-Salem, NC * Cape Coral, FL * Boise, ID * Wichita, KS * Springfield, MA * Madison, WI * Lakeland, FL * Ogden, UT * Toledo, OH * Deltona, FL * Des Moines, IA * Jackson, MS * Augusta, GA * Scranton, PA * Youngstown, OH * Harrisburg, PA * Provo, UT * Palm Bay, FL * Chattanooga, TN

United States Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

* v * t * e

Northeast megalopolis

Major metropolitan areas (over 1,000,000)

* New York

* city

* Philadelphia

* city

* Washington

* city

* Boston

* city

* Baltimore

* city

* Providence

* city

* Hartford

* city

Other cities (over 100,000)

* Newark * Jersey City * Yonkers * Worcester * Springfield * Alexandria * Paterson * Bridgeport * Elizabeth * New Haven * Stamford * Allentown * Manchester * Waterbury * Cambridge * Lowell

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