Greater (flamingo)
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Greater, also known as Flamingo One and Flamingo 1, (died January 30, 2014) was the world's oldest
greater flamingo The greater flamingo (''Phoenicopterus roseus'') is the most widespread and largest species of the flamingo family. It is found in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and in southern Europe. Taxonomy The greater flamingo was desc ...

greater flamingo
(''Phoenicopterus roseus''), residing at the
Adelaide Zoo Adelaide Zoo is Australia, Australia's second oldest zoo (after Melbourne Zoo), and it is operated on a non-profit basis. It is located in the Adelaide Parklands, parklands just north of the Adelaide city centre, city centre of Adelaide, South ...
in
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Adelaide
,
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Australia
. It was at least 83 years old, having arrived at the zoo from either
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Cairo
or
Hamburg Hamburg (, ; nds, label=Hamburg German, Low Saxon, Hamborg ), officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (german: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg; nds, label=Low Saxon, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),. is the List of cities in Germany by popul ...

Hamburg
(records are unclear) in either 1933, 1930, 1925, or 1919 (the dates of the last four importations of greater flamingos to the Adelaide Zoo)Adelaide Zoo -- Our Animals -- Animals -- Greater Flamingo
, at the
Adelaide Zoo Adelaide Zoo is Australia, Australia's second oldest zoo (after Melbourne Zoo), and it is operated on a non-profit basis. It is located in the Adelaide Parklands, parklands just north of the Adelaide city centre, city centre of Adelaide, South ...
; published no later than September 16, 2009 (date of earliest version on archive.org); retrieved February 1, 2014
at which point it was already a full-grown adult. Greater's
sex Sex is either of two divisions, typically male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot sexual r ...
was never determined.World's oldest flamingo dies aged 83 at Adelaide Zoo
at ''
the Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ' and ', ''The Guardian'' is part of the , owned by the . The trust was created ...

the Guardian
''; by the
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; published 31 January 2014; retrieved 1 February 2014
On October 29, 2008, Greater was attacked and beaten by four teenagers. The almost blind bird was badly injured, but soon recovered. Its assailants were arrested, and initially charged with ill-treatment of an animal, however all charges were later dropped and nobody ended up being prosecuted. In April 2013, zoo personnel noticed that Greater was beginning to show signs of
arthritis Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints. Symptoms generally include joint pain and stiffness. Other symptoms may include redness, warmth, Joint effusion, swelling, and decreased range of motion of the affected jo ...
, which they attempted to treat with medication.Adelaide Zoo Celebrates Life of Iconic Flamingo
, by Alison Hassel; at Conservation Ark / Zoos South Australia; published January 30, 2014; retrieved February 1, 2014
However, in late January 2014, Greater's health deteriorated even further, and the decision was made to
euthanize
euthanize
Greater. At the time of its death, Greater was the only greater flamingo in captivity in Australia; there is a moratorium on the importation of flamingos into Australia. Greater's remains were subsequently donated to the
South Australian Museum The Mortlock Library, part of the State Library of South Australia, forms the west side of the courtyard at the front of the South Australian Museum The South Australian Museum is a natural history museum and research institution in Adel ...
to be ; however, due to the technical challenges of preserving the physical traits of such an old flamingo, and a shortage of sufficiently flamingo-like birds on which to practice new techniques, this was not accomplished for several years.Famous flamingo on hold in freezer
by Tim Williams; in '' The Advertiser'' (via
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); published January 10, 2016; retrieved November 13, 2021
Greater finally went on display at the Museum in 2021, alongside the remains of "Chile", the oldest
Chilean flamingo The Chilean flamingo (''Phoenicopterus chilensis'') is a species of large flamingo Flamingos or flamingoes are a type of wading bird in the family Phoenicopteridae, the only bird Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrates cons ...

Chilean flamingo
on record, who had lived alongside Greater at the Adelaide Zoo for over thirty years.Strike me pink: Australia’s last two flamingos resurrected as gay emblems
by Tory Shepherd, at ''
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ' and ', ''The Guardian'' is part of the , owned by the . The trust was created ...

The Guardian
''; published November 12, 2021; retrieved November 13, 2021
The last flamingo
at the
Australian Broadcasting Corporation The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's . It is principally funded by the direct grants from the Australian government, and is administered by a board appointed by the government of the day. The ABC plays a leading role ...
; published November 12, 2018; retrieved November 13, 2021


References

{{Reflist Animal deaths by euthanasia Individual birds Flamingos 2014 animal deaths Year of birth uncertain Adelaide Zoo Deaths from arthritis