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Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a coastal town in Norfolk, England. It is located at the mouth of the River Yare, approximately 20 miles (30 km) east of Norwich.[2] The town has been a seaside resort since 1760, and is the gateway from the Norfolk
Norfolk
Broads to the North Sea. For hundreds of years it was a major fishing port, depending mainly on the herring fishery, but its fishing industry suffered a steep decline in the second half of the 20th century, and has now all but disappeared.[3] The discovery of oil in the North Sea
North Sea
in the 1960s led to a flourishing oil rig supply industry, and today it services offshore natural gas rigs. More recently, the development of renewable energy sources, especially offshore wind power, has created further opportunities for support services. A wind farm of 30 generators is within sight of the town on the Scroby Sands. The town has a beach and two piers.

Contents

1 Geography and demography 2 History 3 Sights 4 Wildlife 5 Sports and leisure 6 Transport

6.1 Rail 6.2 Bus 6.3 Port and River

6.3.1 Lifeboat station 6.3.2 Roadstead

6.4 Road

6.4.1 Proposed third river crossing

6.5 Air

7 First Responders 8 Enterprise zone 9 Notable people

9.1 early times 9.2 16th c. 9.3 17th c. 9.4 18th c. 9.5 19th c. 9.6 20th c.

10 Twin towns 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Geography and demography[edit] The town itself is on a 3.1-mile (5.0 km) spit sandwiched between the North Sea
North Sea
and River Yare.[4] Its well-known features include the historic rows (narrow streets) and the main tourist sector on the seafront. The area is linked to Gorleston, Cobholm and Southtown by Haven Bridge and to the A47 and A149 by the Breydon Bridge.

Regent Road

The urban area that makes up the town of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
has an area of 8.3 sq mi (21 km2) and according to the Office for National Statistics in 2002 had a population of 47,288. It is the main town in the larger Borough of Great Yarmouth.[5] The ONS identify a Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Urban Area, which has a population of 68,317, including the sub-areas of Caister-on-Sea
Caister-on-Sea
(8,756) and Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
(58,032). The wider borough of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
has a population of around 92,500, increasing to 97,277 at the 2011 census.[6] History[edit] Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
(Gernemwa, Yernemuth) lies near the site of the Roman fort camp of Gariannonum
Gariannonum
at the mouth of the River Yare. Its situation having attracted fishermen from the Cinque Ports, a permanent settlement was made, and the town numbered 70 burgesses before the Norman Conquest. Henry I placed it under the rule of a reeve.

The 133-foot-tall (41 m) Britannia
Britannia
Monument, built in 1817.

In 1101 the Church of St Nicholas was founded by Herbert de Losinga, the first Bishop of Norwich, and consecrated in 1119. This was to be the first of several priories founded in what was a wealthy trading centre of considerable importance. In 1208, King John granted a charter to Great Yarmouth. The charter gave his burgesses of Yarmouth general liberties according to the customs of Oxford, a gild merchant and weekly hustings, amplified by several later charters asserting the rights of the borough against Little Yarmouth and Gorleston. The town is bound to send to the sheriffs of Norwich
Norwich
every year one hundred herrings, baked in twenty four pasties, which the sheriffs are to deliver to the lord of the manor of East Carlton who is then to convey them to the King.[7] A hospital was founded in Yarmouth in the reign of Edward I by Thomas Fastolfe. In 1551, a grammar school founded and the great hall of the old hospital was appropriated to its use. The school was closed from 1757 to 1860, was re-established by the charity trustees, and settled in new buildings in 1872. In 1552 Edward VI granted a charter of admiralty jurisdiction, later confirmed and extended by James I. In 1668 Charles II incorporated Little Yarmouth in the borough by a charter which with one brief exception remained in force until 1703, when Queen Anne replaced the two bailiffs by a mayor. In 1673 during the Third Anglo-Dutch War
Third Anglo-Dutch War
the Zealand Expedition was assembled in the town. In the early 18th century Yarmouth, as a thriving herring port, was vividly and admiringly described several times in Daniel Defoe's travel journals, in part as follows:[8]

Yarmouth is an antient town, much older than Norwich; and at present, tho' not standing on so much ground, yet better built; much more compleat; for number of inhabitants, not much inferior; and for wealth, trade, and advantage of its situation, infinitely superior to Norwich. It is plac'd on a peninsula between the River Yare
River Yare
and the sea; the two last lying parallel to one another, and the town in the middle: The river lies on the west-side of the town, and being grown very large and deep, by a conflux of all the rivers on this side the county, forms the haven; and the town facing to the west also, and open to the river, makes the finest key in England, if not in Europe, not inferior even to that of Marseilles
Marseilles
itself. The ships ride here so close, and as it were, keeping up one another, with their head-fasts on shore, that for half a mile [800 m] together, they go cross the stream with their bolsprits over the land, their bowes, or heads, touching the very wharf; so that one may walk from ship to ship as on a floating bridge, all along by the shore-side: The key reaching from the drawbridge almost to the south-gate, is so spacious and wide, that in some places 'tis near one hundred yards from the houses to the wharf. In this pleasant and agreeable range of houses are some very magnificent buildings, and among the rest, the custom-house and town-hall, and some merchants houses, which look like little palaces, rather than the dwelling-houses of private men. The greatest defect of this beautiful town, seems to be, that tho' it is very rich and encreasing in wealth and trade, and consequently in people, there is not room to enlarge the town by building; which would be certainly done much more than it is, but that the river on the land-side prescribes them, except at the north end without the gate....

The former Royal Naval Hospital, Great Yarmouth.

In 1797, during the French Revolutionary Wars, the town was the main supply base for the North Sea
North Sea
Fleet. The fleet collected at the roadstead, from whence it sailed to the decisive Battle of Camperdown against the Dutch fleet.[9] Again in 1807, during the Napoleonic Wars, the fleet collected at and sailed from the roadstead to the Battle of Copenhagen.[10] From 1808 to 1814 the Admiralty in London
London
could communicate with its ships in the port of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
by a shutter telegraph chain. Ships were routinely anchored off Yarmouth during the Napoleonic Wars, and the town served as a supply base for the Royal Navy. Part of an Ordnance Yard survives from this period on Southtown Road, probably designed by James Wyatt: a pair of roadside lodges (which originally housed the senior officers) frame the entrance to the site, which contains a sizeable Armoury of 1806, a small barracks block and other ancillary buildings. Originally the depot extended down to a wharf on the River Yare
River Yare
and was flanked by a pair of Storehouses, but these and other buildings were destroyed in The Blitz.[11] A grander survival is the former Royal Naval Hospital designed by William Pilkington, begun in 1806 and opened in 1811. Consisting of four colonnaded blocks around a courtyard, it served for a long time as a naval psychiatric hospital before being transferred to the NHS in 1958. After closure in 1993 the buildings were converted into private residences.[12] The town was the site of a bridge disaster and drowning tragedy on 2 May 1845 when a suspension bridge crowded with children collapsed under the weight killing 79. They had gathered to watch a clown in a barrel being pulled by geese down the river. As he passed under the bridge the weight shifted, causing the chains on the south side to snap, tipping over the bridge deck.[13] Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
had an electric tramway system from 1902 to 1933. From the 1880s until the First World War, the town was one of the regular destinations for the Bass Excursions, when fifteen trains would take 8-9000 employees of Bass's Burton brewery on an annual trip to the seaside. During World War I
World War I
Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
suffered the first aerial bombardment in the UK, by Zeppelin
Zeppelin
L3 on 19 January 1915. That same year on 15 August, Ernest Martin Jehan
Ernest Martin Jehan
became the first and only man to sink a steel submarine with a sail rigged Q-ship, this off the coast of Great Yarmouth. It was also bombarded by the German Navy on 24 April 1916.

Britannia
Britannia
Pier
Pier
in 1930

The town suffered Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
bombing during World War II
World War II
as it was the last significant place German bombers could drop bombs before returning home, but much is left of the old town including the original 2000m protective mediaeval wall, of which two-thirds has survived. Of the 18 towers, 11 are left. On the South Quay is a 17th-century Merchant's House, as well as Tudor, Georgian and Victorian buildings. Behind South Quay is a maze of alleys and lanes known as "The Rows". Originally there were 145. Despite war damage, several have remained. The southern section of the two-mile (3 km) A47 Great Yarmouth Western Bypass opened in May 1985, with the northern section opened in March 1986. The Bypass was later relabelled as part of the A12, until it was returned to being part of the A47 in February 2017. The town was badly affected by the North Sea
North Sea
flood of 1953. More recent flooding has been a problem, the town flooding four times in 2006. In September 2006 the town suffered its worst flooding in years. Torrential rain caused drains to block as well as an Anglian Water pumping station to break down and this resulted in flash flooding around the town in which 90 properties were flooded up to 5 ft.[14] On 9 November 2007 the town braced itself for more flooding as a result of a tidal surge and high tides but disaster was avoided and only a small area was under water.[15] On the evening of 5 December 2013 homes were again evacuated due to flooding risk. A tidal surge coupled with high winds led the environment agency to issue several severe flood warnings in and around the town. High tide
High tide
was expected at around 22:30, though again there was little damage.[16] Sights[edit]

Panorama of Hall Quay seen from Southtown. This shows the Town Hall and Star Hotel. Historic South Quay continues to the right of the image.

The Tollhouse, with dungeons, dates from the late 13th century and is said to be the oldest civic building in Britain.[citation needed] It backs on to the central library. Great Yarmouth Minster
Great Yarmouth Minster
(The Minster Church of St Nicholas, founded in the 12th century as an act of penance) situated just off the market place, on Church Plain is the largest parish church in England. Neighbouring Church Plain is also the 17th-century timberframe house in which Anna Sewell
Anna Sewell
(1820–1878), famous as the author of Black Beauty, was born. Significant sections of the mediaeval town walls survive around the parish cemetery and parts of the old town. The market place is one of the largest in England, and has been operating since the 13th century. It is also home to the town's shopping sector and the famous Yarmouth chip stalls. As well as leading to historic alleyways The Rows. The smaller area south of the market is used as a performance area for community events and for access to the town's shopping centre, Market Gates. Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
railway station, which serves the town, is the terminus of the Wherry Lines
Wherry Lines
from Norwich. Before the Beeching Axe
Beeching Axe
the town had a number of railway stations and a direct link to London
London
down the east coast. The only remaining signs of these stations is the coach park where Beach
Beach
Station once was and the A12 relief road which follows the route of the railway down into the embankment from Breydon Bridge.

Britannia
Britannia
Pier, May 2012

Yarmouth has two piers, Britannia
Britannia
Pier
Pier
(which is Grade II listed)[17]) and Wellington Pier.
Wellington Pier.
The theatre building on the latter of the two was demolished in 2005 and reopened in 2008 as a family entertainment centre including a ten pin bowling alley with floor to ceiling windows overlooking the beach. Britannia
Britannia
Pier
Pier
is home to the Britannia
Britannia
Theatre which during the summer months features well-known acts including; Jim Davidson, Jethro, Basil Brush, Cannon and Ball, Chubby Brown, Chuckle Brothers and The Searchers. The theatre is one of only a few end-of-the pier theatres surviving in England. From the seafront the windfarm of Scroby Sands with its giant windmills can be seen, as well as grey seals during their breeding season. The country's only full-time circus, The Hippodrome, is just off the seafront and puts on regular shows. The Grade II listed
Grade II listed
Winter Gardens building sits next to the Wellington Pier.
Wellington Pier.
The cast iron framed glass structure was shipped by barge from Torquay
Torquay
in 1903. It is said this was done without the loss of a single pane of glass. Over the years, it has been used as ballroom, roller skating rink and beer garden. In the 1990s it was converted into a nightclub by Jim Davidson
Jim Davidson
and has since been used as a family leisure venue. It is currently closed.

Marine Parade in August 2013, with the derelict Empire Building in the foreground and the Atlantis Tower in the background

Great Yarmouth's seafront, known as "The Golden Mile" attracts millions of visitors each year to its sandy beaches, indoor and outdoor attractions and amusement arcades. Great Yarmouth's Marine Parade has twelve Amusement Arcades located within 2 square miles (5.2 km2), including: Atlantis, The Flamingo, Circus Circus, The Golden Nugget, The Mint, Leisureland, The Majestic, The Silver Slipper, The Showboat, Magic City, Quicksilver and The Gold Rush, opened in 2007. In addition to the two piers, tourist attractions on Marine Parade include Joyland, Pirates Cove Adventure Golf, Yesterday's World, the Marina Centre, retroskate, Arnold Palmer Putting Green, the Sea Life Centre, Merrivale Model Village and the Pleasure Beach
Beach
and Gardens. The South Denes area is home to the Grade I listed Norfolk
Norfolk
Naval Pillar, known locally as the Britannia Monument
Britannia Monument
or Nelson's Monument. This tribute to Nelson was completed in 1819, 24 years before the completion of Nelson's Column
Nelson's Column
in London. The monument, designed by William Wilkins, shows Britannia
Britannia
standing atop a globe holding an olive branch in her right hand and a trident in her left. There is a popular assumption in the town that the statue of Britannia
Britannia
was supposed to face out to sea but now faces inland due to a mistake during construction, although it is thought she is meant to face Nelson's birthplace at Burnham Thorpe. The monument was originally planned to mark Nelson's victory at the Battle of the Nile, but fund-raising was not completed until after his death and it was instead dedicated to England's greatest naval hero. It is currently surrounded by an industrial estate but plans are in place for the improvement of the area. The Norfolk
Norfolk
Nelson Museum on South Quay houses the Ben Burgess collection of Nelson memorabilia and is the only dedicated Nelson museum in Britain other than that in Monmouth. Its several galleries look at Nelson's life and personality as well as what life was like for the men who sailed under him.

Small boat at the Time and Tide museum

Central Beach
Beach
close to the Jetty

Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
used Yarmouth as a key location in his novel David Copperfield and described the town as "the finest place in the universe".[18] The author stayed at the Royal Hotel on the Marine parade while writing David Copperfield. The Time and Tide Museum
Time and Tide Museum
on Blackfriars Road which is managed by Norfolk
Norfolk
Museums Service was nominated in the UK Museums Awards in 2005. It was built as part of the regeneration of the south of the town in 2003. Its location in an old herring smokery harks back to the town's status as a major fishing port. Sections of the historic town wall are located opposite the museum next to the Great Yarmouth Potteries, part of which is housed in another former smoke house. The town wall is the second most complete Medieval town wall in the country, with eleven of the eighteen original turrets still standing. Other museums in the town include the National Trust's Elizabethan House, the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Row Houses, managed by English Heritage, and the privately owned Blitz and Pieces
Blitz and Pieces
based on the Home Front during WWII. The Maritime Heritage East partnership, based at the award-winning Time and Tide Museum
Time and Tide Museum
aims to raise the profile of maritime heritage and museum collections. Wildlife[edit] The Yarmouth area is home to a number of rare and unusual species. The area between the piers is home to one of the largest roosts of Mediterranean gulls in the UK. Breydon Water, just behind the town, is a major wader and waterfowl site, with winter roosts of over 100,000 birds. This and the surrounding Halvergate Marshes
Halvergate Marshes
are environmentally protected, and the majority of the area is now managed by conservation organisations, principally the RSPB. The North Denes area of the beach is an SSSI
SSSI
due to its dune plants, and is home to numbers of skylarks and meadow pipits. It also hosts one of the largest little tern colonies in the UK each summer, as well as a small colony of grayling butterflies. Other butterflies found here include small copper and common blue. The nearby cemetery is renowned as a temporary roost for spring and autumn migrants. Redstart
Redstart
and pied flycatcher are often seen here during migration. It has also been the site for the first records of a number of rare insects, blown in from the continent. Grey seal
Grey seal
and common seal are frequently seen off-shore, as are seabirds such as gannet, little auk, common scoter, razorbill and guillemot. Sports and leisure[edit] The main local football club is Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Town, also known as the Bloaters, who play in the Eastern Counties League. Their ground is at Wellesley Recreation Ground, named after Sir Arthur Wellesley. They have a strong East Anglian rivalry with Gorleston. The club has enjoyed limited success in the past. Local football clubs are served by the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and District League. Yarmouth has a horse-racing track which features a chute allowing races of one mile (1.6 km) on the straight. Speedway racing was staged in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
before and after the Second World War. The meetings were staged at the greyhound stadium in Caister Road. The post war team were known as the Yarmouth Bloaters (after the smoked fish). Banger and Stock car racing is also staged at this stadium. The main Leisure Centre is the Marina Centre. Built in 1981 the centre has a large swimming pool, conference facilities and live entertainment including their famous Summer Pantomimes and Summer Variety Shows produced by local entertainers Hanton & Dean. The centre is run by the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Sport and leisure Trust. The Trust was set up in April 2006 to run the building as a charitable non-profit making organisation. At the beginning of the 2008 summer season a world's first Segway Grand Prix was opened at the Pleasure Beach
Beach
gardens. The English Pool Association (EPA),[19] the governing body for 8-Ball Pool in England, holds its National Finals Competitions (including Inter-County and Inter-League, singles and team competitions, and England
England
trials) over several weekends through the year, at the Vauxhall Holiday Park[20] on the outskirts of Great Yarmouth. Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
is connected to Norwich
Norwich
by the Wherry Lines
Wherry Lines
from Great Yarmouth railway station, it is served by an hourly service provided by Abellio Greater Anglia
Abellio Greater Anglia
via Acle
Acle
or, less frequently, via Reedham.[21] It is the only remaining station of the three once in the town. The town was adversely affected by the Beeching cuts. There were previously four railway lines coming into the town; from the north the line came down the coast from Melton Constable into the terminus at Beach
Beach
station. From the south-west came the line from London
London
Liverpool Street via Beccles
Beccles
and from the south the line from Lowestoft
Lowestoft
Central via Hopton and Gorleston; both of which terminated at South Town station.[22] The only existing terminal is Vauxhall station which is now simply referred to as ' Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
station'. Whereas once the town had 17 stations within the borough limits it now only has one. Bus[edit] The bus station in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
is the major hub for local routes and is located under Market Gates Shopping Centre. The Excel X1 route operated by First Norfolk
Norfolk
& Suffolk provides a long-distance link between Peterborough
Peterborough
and Lowestoft
Lowestoft
via Norwich
Norwich
and King's Lynn. Other local bus services link the suburban areas of Martham, Hemsby, Gorleston, Bradwell and Belton/ These are mostly operated by First Norfolk
Norfolk
& Suffolk and services to towns further afield such as Beccles, Southwold, Acle
Acle
and Diss
Diss
are mostly operated by Konectbus.

Haven Bridge; one of the two main links to the town pictured in its upright position allowing boats to pass beneath.

Port and River[edit] See also: Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Outer Harbour The River Yare
River Yare
cuts off Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
from other areas of the borough such as Gorleston
Gorleston
and Southtown and so the town's two bridges have become major transport links. Originally Haven Bridge had been the only link over the river but in the late 1980s Breydon Bridge
Breydon Bridge
was built to take the A12 over Breydon Water
Breydon Water
replacing the old railway bridge; the Breydon Viaduct.[23] Both are lifting bridges, which can be raised to allow river traffic to pass through. This can result in traffic tailbacks, and the phrase "the bridge was up" has become synonymous in the town with being late for appointments. A ferry operated between the southerly tip of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Gorleston, and provided a way of getting between the factories on South Denes and the mostly residential areas of Gorleston
Gorleston
without taking a long detour over the bridge. However, due to increased running costs and the decline of industrial activity in the town, it was closed in the early 1990s.[24] Since 2006, the restored pleasure steamer the Southern Belle has provided regular river excursions from the town's Haven Bridge. Built in 1925 for the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, she is today owned by the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Gorleston
Gorleston
Steam Packet Company Limited.[25] Construction work on the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Outer Harbour, a deep-water harbour on the North Sea, began in June 2007 and was completed by 2009. Originally there were plans for a ro-ro ferry link with IJmuiden which has failed to materialise. A new initiative by Seamax Ferries to connect Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and IJmuiden by ferry is to start halfway 2018 [26]. Similarly, despite the installation of two large cranes in 2009, and since removed, plans for a container terminal have also been scrapped.[27] Lifeboat station[edit] Main article: Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Gorleston
Gorleston
lifeboat station There has been a lifeboat in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
since at least 1802. The early boats were privately operated until 1857 when the RNLI
RNLI
took over.[28] The lifeboat station is located on Riverside Road (52°34′32″N 1°43′55″E / 52.5754192°N 1.7320392°E / 52.5754192; 1.7320392) from where are operated the Trent class lifeboat Samarbeta and the B class (inshore) lifeboat Seahorse IV.[29]

The view from the top of the Atlantis Tower showing the Golden Mile and, in the distance, the Outer Harbour

Roadstead[edit] The anchorage off Yarmouth, known as Yarmouth Roads, was considered one of East Coast's best anchorages in the early 1800s, and was the location where fleets gathered and set sail from during the Napoleonic wars.[30] Nowadays the roadstead is more like to be referred to as an anchorage.[31] Road[edit] The A12 terminates in the town as do the A143 and the A47 roads. The relief road was built along the path of the old railway to carry the A12 onwards to Lowestoft
Lowestoft
and London. Congestion is a major problem in the town and roundabouts, junctions and bridges can become gridlocked at rush hour. In 2017, the A12 between the town and Lowestoft
Lowestoft
was renumbered as the A47 by Highways England, this was part of a wider road improvement scheme for the town, therefore this led to the A12 then terminating in Lowestoft
Lowestoft
instead of at Vauxhall Roundabout
Roundabout
and the A47 to continue through the town as well instead of ending. This now leaves the A143 and A149 as the only roads to terminate within Great Yarmouth. Proposed third river crossing[edit] Plans have been put forward for the construction of a third river crossing in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
which would link northern Gorleston
Gorleston
with the South Denes and the Outer Harbour avoiding the congested town centre. A public consultation took place in mid-2009 over the four possible proposals but by late 2010 the plans were stalled by a lack of funding and the closure of the container terminal.[32] In 2016, additional funding of just over £1m was pledged [33] and a potential crossing proposal outlined which would see the crossing link from the A12 at the Harfrey's roundabout to South Denes. If final approval is given, construction could begin in 2021. Public consultation dates have also been published by Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council who seek to gather views [34][35] Air[edit] The North Denes Heliport is located to the north of the town and currently operated by CHC Helicopter. In 2011 the heliport was planned to be permanently closed with operations being moved to Norwich International Airport, yet this closure never occurred.[36] First Responders[edit] There is an East of England
East of England
Ambulance Service First Responder group set up to cover the Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
area. A First Responder scheme is made up of a group of volunteers who within the community in which they live or work, have been trained to attend emergency 999 calls by the NHS Ambulance Service.[37] Enterprise zone[edit] Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Lowestoft
Lowestoft
Enterprise Zone was launched in April 2012. Its sites include Beacon Park and South Denes in Great Yarmouth.[38] Notable people[edit] Notable people includes those born or living there: early times[edit]

Sir John Fastolf
John Fastolf
(c. 1378–1459) prototype for Falstaff
Falstaff
lived mainly [39] at Caister-on-Sea; his family had long lived at Great Yarmouth Joan Larke (c.1490-after 1529), mistress of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
Thomas Wolsey
and the mother of his two illegitimate children

16th c.[edit]

Sir John Clere (c.1511-1557) politician [40] and naval commander. William Harborne (c.1542–1617) diplomat, [41] businessman, and Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Edward Owner (1576–1650) politician [42] who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1648 Sir John Potts, 1st Baronet (c.1592–1673) politician, [43] sat in the House of Commons from 1640 / 1648 and in 1660.

17th c.[edit]

William Bridge (c. 1600 – 1670), leading English independent minister [44] Thomas Goodwin
Thomas Goodwin
(1600–1680) Puritan theologian [45] and preacher, chaplain to Oliver Cromwell Joseph Ames (1619–1695) naval commander [46] under the Commonwealth of England Rebecca Nurse
Rebecca Nurse
(1621–92), [47] sister of Mary Eastey and another victim of the Salem witch trials, was born in Great Yarmouth. Mary Eastey (1634-92), victim [48] of the Salem witch trials, was born in Great Yarmouth John Clipperton
John Clipperton
(1676–1722) of Clipperton Island, privateer, and fought against the Spanish Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet
Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet
(1681–1751) Governor of Virginia [49] from 1727 to 1749 Joseph Ames (1689–1759) bibliographer [50] and antiquary [51]

18th c.[edit]

Henry Swinden (1716–1772) antiquary, [52] schoolmaster and land-surveyor James Sayers
James Sayers
(1748–1823) caricaturist [53] John Ives
John Ives
FRS (1751–1776) antiquarian [54] and officer of arms at the College of Arms in London Dr. Thomas Girdlestone (1758−1822), English physician [55] and writer. Captain George William Manby
George William Manby
(1765−1854), inventor of marine lifesaving [56] equipment Dawson Turner FRS (1775–1858) banker, [57] botanist and antiquary Captain John Black (1778–1802) son of a clergyman, ship's officer and privateer William Fisher (1780–1852) officer of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
[58] and a novelist. Robert Gooch
Robert Gooch
M.D. (1784–1830) physician. [59] William Hovell
William Hovell
(1786−1875), explorer of Australia [60] was born in Great Yarmouth. James Beeching
James Beeching
(1788−1858), was a local shipbuilder, [61] his firm continued after his death well into the 20th century Sarah Martin
Sarah Martin
(1791–1843) prison visitor [62] and philanthropist Sir George James Turner (1798–1867) barrister, [63] politician and judge, Lord Justice of Appeal in chancery Henry Stebbing FRS (1799–1883) cleric, man of letters, [64] poet, preacher, and historian.

19th c.[edit]

Robert McCormick (1800–1890) Royal Navy
Royal Navy
[65] ship's surgeon, explorer and naturalist. Samuel Laman Blanchard (1804–1845) author [66] and journalist Charles John Palmer (1805–1888) lawyer, [67] known as a historian of Great Yarmouth James Allen Ransome
James Allen Ransome
(1806–1875) agricultural-implement maker [68] and agricultural writer Sir Edmund Lacon (1807–1888) liberal Conservative politician [69] who sat in the House of Commons between 1852 and 1885. Sir George Edward Paget
George Edward Paget
FRS (1809–1892) physician [70] and academic John Bell (1811–1895) sculptor [71] Sir James Paget
James Paget
(1814−99), Victorian surgeon [72] who had the James Paget Hospital named in his honour. Anna Sewell
Anna Sewell
(1820−78), author [73] of Black Beauty
Black Beauty
born and spent early part of life in Great Yarmouth James Haylett (1825–1907) the most famous lifeboatman [74] of his age Emma Maria Pearson
Emma Maria Pearson
(1828–1893) writer, one of the first British women nurses in the Red Cross. Willoughby Smith
Willoughby Smith
(1828–1891) electrical engineer, [75] discovered [76] the photoconductivity of the element selenium Colonel Sir Robert William Edis KBE CB (1839–1927) architect [77] Charles Burton Barber
Charles Burton Barber
(1845–1894) painter, [78] particularly of children and their pets Sir G. A. H. Branson PC (1871-1951), barrister and High Court judge, grandfather of Richard Branson. General Sir Thomas Astley Cubitt KCB, CMG, DSO (1871–1939) Army officer and Governor of Bermuda Captain Cuthbert Orde
Cuthbert Orde
(1888–1968) war artist [79] who drew portraits of many RAF fighter pilots Bandsman Jack Blake
Bandsman Jack Blake
(John Blake) (1890–1960) boxer, [80] became British middleweight champion in 1916 Joseph Henry Woodger
Joseph Henry Woodger
(1894–1981) theoretical biologist [81] and philosopher of biology

20th c.[edit]

William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp
William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp
JP DL (1903–1979) politician, [82] MP 1929 / 1938 Naomi Lewis
Naomi Lewis
(1911–2009) poet, [83] essayist, literary critic, anthologist and reteller of stories for children Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1914−2009), Oscar-winning cinematographer [84] Peter Cadbury (1918–2006) maverick entrepreneur, [85] founded Westward Television Peter Shore
Peter Shore
(1924–2001), Labour MP [86] and cabinet minister Bob Grigg
Bob Grigg
(1924–2002) aerospace engineer, [87] chief designer of the British Aerospace 146 Gerald Hawkins (1928–2003) astronomer [88] and author, worked on archaeoastronomy Sir Kenneth MacMillan (1929–1992), choreographer [89] with the Royal Ballet, Covent Garden. Richard Larn OBE (born 1931) retired RN Chief Petty Officer, [90] businessman and maritime historian. Tony Wright (born 1954) Labour Party politician, [91] MP for Great Yarmouth from 1997 to 2010 Peter Rodulfo
Peter Rodulfo
(b. 1958) Artist, sculptor and leading member of the North Sea
North Sea
Magical Realists. Dale Vince
Dale Vince
OBE (born 1961) "green energy" industrialist [92] and former New Age traveller Jason Statham
Jason Statham
(born 1967), actor, [93] lived in Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
during his childhood and attended the local grammar school. Matthew Macfadyen
Matthew Macfadyen
(born 1974), actor, [94] was born in Great Yarmouth Brendan Carr (born 1980) actor [95] and film producer. Hannah Spearritt
Hannah Spearritt
(born 1981) S Club 7
S Club 7
member [96] and actress Wendy Hurrell (born 1982) television [97] weather presenter for BBC London Travis Kerschen (born 1982) independent [98] film actor.

Twin towns[edit] Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
is twinned with Rambouillet, France See also[edit]

Lydia Eva the last surviving steam drifter of the Great Yarmouth herring fishing fleet "Yarmouth Town", a traditional sea shanty set in the town

References[edit]

^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/uk-england-eastofengland.php?cityid=E35000843 ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9. ^ "Town's last fishing boat fights tide and time". The Daily Telegraph. 14 January 2008.  ^ Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal
Coastal
Landforms. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 454. ISBN 978-1-402-08638-0.  ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
& Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council (2001). Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved 2 December 2005. ^ " Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Authority population 2011". Retrieved 25 August 2015.  ^ Nuttall, P Austin (1840). A classical and archæological dictionary of the manners, customs, laws, institutions, arts, etc. of the celebrated nations of antiquity, and of the middle ages. London. p. 555.  ^ Daniel Defoe, A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, divided into circuits or journies (1724), Letter 1, Pt 3. Defoe's several descriptions may be accessed on the Vision of Britain website ^ Finch-Crisp, William (1877). Chronological Retrospect of the History of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Neighbourhood from A.D. 46 to 1884. Great Yarmouth: William Finch-Crisp.  ^ Finch-Crisp, William (1877). Chronological Retrospect of the History of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Neighbourhood from A.D. 46 to 1884. Great Yarmouth: William Finch-Crisp.  ^ " Norfolk
Norfolk
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Norfolk
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Norfolk
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Norfolk
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Norfolk
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Great Yarmouth
Britannia
Britannia
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Great Yarmouth
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Norfolk
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Great Yarmouth
Ferry Crossings Our Great Yarmouth; Retrieved 20 November 2010 ^ The Southern Belle. Retrieved 29 October 2009. ^ Seamax Ferries homepage. Retrieved 15-12-2017 ^ Stephen Pullinger (10 November 2010). " Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
outer harbour's £7m cranes to go". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 20 November 2010.  ^ RNLI
RNLI
history of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
& Gorleston
Gorleston
lifeboat station Archived 8 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Gorleston
Gorleston
Fleet". RNLI. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2010.  ^ "Parliamentary Papers". 4. H.M. Stationery Office. 1826: 116, 224.  ^ "Anchorage of Great Yarmouth". MarineTraffic.com. Retrieved 9 March 2017.  ^ "Cash concerns over third crossing" East Coast Live; Retrieved 20 November 2010 ^ "Funding boost of £1m for third river crossing in Great Yarmouth" Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Mercury; Retrieved 11 January 2017 ^ "Public's Views Sought on Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Third River Crossing" Great Yarmouth Mercury; Retrieved 11 January 2017 ^ "Public Consultation on Third River Crossing" Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council; Retrieved 11 January 2017 ^ "Town’s heliport to close next year"[permanent dead link] East Coast Live; Retrieved 20 November 2010] ^ " Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
First Responders". Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
First Responders. Retrieved 22 June 2010.  ^ Dickson, Annabelle (12 January 2012). " Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and Lowestoft enterprise zone interest from around the world". EDP24. Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 13 March 2015.  ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 18, Fastolf, John retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, CLERE, Sir John (?1511-57), of London, Norwich
Norwich
and Ormesby, Norf retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 24, Harborne, William retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, OWNER, Edward (1575-1650), of Great Yarmouth, Norf retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, POTTS, Sir John, 1st Bt. (c.1592-1673), of Mannington, Norf. retrieved December 2017 ^ A Puritan's Mind website, The works of William Bridge & Biography retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 12, Goodwin, Thomas retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 01, Ames, Joseph (1619-1695) retrieved December 2017 ^ Salem Witch Trials in History and Literature, University of Virginia, 2001 retrieved December 2017 ^ Examination of Mary Eastey, The Salem Witchcraft Papers. retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of Virginia Biography, Sir William Gooch (1681–1751) retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 1, Ames, Joseph retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 01, Ames, Joseph (1689-1759) retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 55, Swinden, Henry retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 24, Sayer, James retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 29, Ives, John retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 21, Girdlestone, Thomas retrieved December 2017 ^ The New International Encyclopædia, Manby, George William retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 57, Turner, Dawson retrieved December 2017 ^ A Naval Biographical Dictionary, Fisher, William retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 22, Gooch, Robert retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of Australian Biography, HOVELL, WILLIAM HILTON (1786-1875) retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 04, Beeching, James retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 36, Martin, Sarah retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 57, Turner, George James retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 54, Stebbing, Henry (1799-1883) retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 35, McCormick, Robert retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 4, Blanchard, Samuel Laman retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 43, Palmer, Charles John retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 47, Ransome, Robert retrieved December 2017 ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2) retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 43, Paget, George Edward retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement, Bell, John (1811-1895) retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 20, Paget, Sir James retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 51, Sewell, Mary & Anna Sewell
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Peter Shore
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Further reading[edit]

Ferry, Kathryn (2009) "'The maker of modern Yarmouth': J. W. Cockrill", in: Ferry, Kathryn, ed. Powerhouses of Provincial Architecture, 1837–1914. London: Victorian Society; pp. 45–58

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Great Yarmouth.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Yarmouth.

Official website of Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
Borough Council

v t e

Ceremonial county of Norfolk

Boroughs or districts

Breckland Broadland Great Yarmouth King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk North Norfolk Norwich South Norfolk

Major settlements

Acle Attleborough Aylsham Cromer Dereham Diss Downham Market Fakenham Gorleston Great Yarmouth Hingham Holt Hunstanton King's Lynn Loddon North Walsham Norwich Redenhall with Harleston Reepham Sheringham Sprowston Stalham Swaffham Thetford Thorpe St Andrew Watton Wells-next-the-Sea Wymondham See also: List of civil parishes in Norfolk

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population
Population
of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lost settlements Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills

v t e

Members of the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
by Quarter

Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Free Imperial Cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
shown in italics.

Wendish

Lübeck

Anklam Demmin Greifswald Hamburg Kolberg (Kołobrzeg) Lüneburg Rostock Rügenwalde (Darłowo) Stettin (Szczecin) Stolp (Słupsk) Stockholm Stralsund Visby Wismar

Saxon

Brunswick Magdeburg

Berlin Bremen Erfurt Frankfurt an der Oder Goslar Mühlhausen Nordhausen

Baltic

Danzig (Gdańsk)

Breslau (Wrocław) Dorpat (Tartu) Elbing (Elbląg) Königsberg
Königsberg
(Kaliningrad) Cracow (Kraków) Reval (Tallinn) Riga
Riga
(Rīga) Thorn (Toruń)

Westphalian

Cologne
Cologne
1 Dortmund
Dortmund
1

Deventer Groningen Kampen Münster Osnabrück Soest

Kontore

Principal

Bryggen
Bryggen
(Bergen) Hanzekantoor

Bruges Antwerp2 

Steelyard
Steelyard
(London) Peterhof (Novgorod)

Subsidiary

Bishop's Lynn Falsterbo Ipswich Kaunas Malmö Polotsk Pskov

Other cities

Bristol Boston Damme Leith Herford Hull Newcastle Stargard Yarmouth York Zutphen Zwolle

1 Cologne
Cologne
and Dortmund
Dortmund
were both capital of the Westphalian Quarter at different times. 2 Antwerp
Antwerp
gained importance once Bruges
Bruges
became inaccessible due to the silting of

.