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The list of states is chronological but follows the development of different dynasties.

Contents

1 Khamag Mongol
Khamag Mongol
(1120s–1206) 2 Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
(1206–1368)

2.1 Great Khans and Yuan dynasty 2.2 Golden Horde

2.2.1 Left wing (White Horde) 2.2.2 Right wing (Blue Horde) 2.2.3 Great Horde
Great Horde
(1466–1502)

2.3 Ilkhanate

2.3.1 Chobanids
Chobanids
(1335–1357) 2.3.2 Jalayirid Sultanate
Jalayirid Sultanate
(1335–1432) 2.3.3 Injuids
Injuids
(1335–1357) 2.3.4 Arghun
Arghun
Dynasty (1479?–1599?)

2.4 Chagatai Khanate

2.4.1 Moghulistan
Moghulistan
(Eastern Chagatai Khanate) 2.4.2 Kara Del
Kara Del
(1383–1513)

3 Al-Adil Kitbugha-Sultan of Mamluk Sultanate (1294–1296) 4 Northern Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(1368–1635) 5 Genghisid Setsen Khans of Eastern Mongolia (1627–1922) 6 Oirats

6.1 Four Oirat
Four Oirat
(1399–1634) 6.2 Dzungar Khanate 6.3 Khans of Khoshut Khanate 6.4 Khotgoid Khanate (late 16th century – late 17th century) 6.5 Torghud
Torghud
khans of Kalmyk Khanate

7 Bogd Khaanate 8 References

8.1 Citations 8.2 Sources

9 See also

Khamag Mongol
Khamag Mongol
(1120s–1206)[edit] Main article: List of medieval Mongol tribes and clans

Khabul Khan[1] Ambaghai Khan Hotula Khan Yesugei
Yesugei
(de facto) Genghis Khan

Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
(1206–1368)[edit] Great Khans and Yuan dynasty[edit] Main article: List of emperors of the Yuan dynasty With the establishment of the Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
in 1271, the Kublaids became Yuan emperors, who were considered as Khagan for the Mongols and Huangdi (Chinese emperor) for native Chinese.

B. Sumiyabaatar/ Б.Сумьяабаатар, "Чинcгий алтан ургийн үгийн бичиг ба гэрийн үеийн бичмэл", "Genealogy of Monogols", 720 pp., ISBN 99929-5-552-X

Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
(1206–1227) Tolui
Tolui
Khan (as Regent) (1227–1229) Ögedei Khan
Ögedei Khan
(1229–1241) Töregene Khatun (as Regent) (1243–1246) Güyük Khan
Güyük Khan
(1246–1248) Oghul Qaimish (as Regent) (1248–1251) Möngke Khan
Möngke Khan
(1251–1259) Ariq Böke
Ariq Böke
(1259–1264) Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
(1260–1294) - Khagan title: Setsen; Temple name: Shizu (1271–1294) Era name: Zhongtong (中統) (1260–1264); Zhiyuan (至元) (1264–1294) Temür Khan
Temür Khan
- Khagan title: Öljeitu; Temple name: Chengzong - (1294–1307); Era names: Yuanzhen (元貞) (1295–1297); Dade (大德) (1297–1307) Külüg Khan
Külüg Khan
- Khagan title: Khülük; Temple name: Wuzong - (1308–1311); Era name: Zhida (至大) (1308–1311) Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan
Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan
- Temple name: Renzong - (1311–1320); Era names: Huangqing (皇慶) (1312–1313); Yanyou (延祐) (1314–1320) Gegeen Khan
Gegeen Khan
- Khagan title: Gegeen; Temple name: Yingzong - (1321–1323); Era name: Zhizhi (至治) (1321–1323) Yesün-Temür - Temple name: Taiding Di - (1323–1328); Era names: Taiding (泰定) (1321–1328); Zhihe (致和) 1328 Ragibagh Khan - Temple name: Tianshun Di; Era name: Tianshun (天順) (1328) Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür
Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür
- Khagan title: Jayaaatu; Temple name: Wenzong - (1328–1329 / 1329–1332); Era names: Tianli (天歷) (1328–1330); Zhishun (至順) (1330–1332) Khutughtu Khan Kusala
Khutughtu Khan Kusala
- Khagan title: Khutughtu; Temple name: Mingzong; Era name: Tianli (天歷) (1329) Rinchinbal Khan
Rinchinbal Khan
- Temple name: Ningzong; Era name: Zhishun (至順) (1332) Toghon Temür
Toghon Temür
- Khagan title: Ukhaantu; Temple name: Huizong ; Shundi - (1333–1370); Era names: Zhishun (至順) (1333); Yuantong (元統) (1333–1335); Zhiyuan (至元) (1335–1340); Zhizheng (至正) (1341–1368); Zhiyuan (至元) 1368–1370

Golden Horde[edit] Main articles: List of Khans of the Golden Horde
Golden Horde
and Wings of the Golden Horde

Batu Khan
Batu Khan
(1227–1255) Sartaq (1255–56) Ulaghchi (1257) Berke
Berke
(1257–1266) Mengu-Timur
Mengu-Timur
(1266–1282) Tuda Mengu
Tuda Mengu
(1282—1287) Talabuga
Talabuga
(1287—1291) Toqta
Toqta
(1291—1312) Uzbeg Khan
Uzbeg Khan
(1312–1341) Tini Beg
Tini Beg
(1341–1342) Jani Beg
Jani Beg
(1342—1357) Berdi Beg (1357—1361) Qulpa
Qulpa
(1359–1360) Nawruz Beg (1360–1361) Khidr (1361–1362) Timur Khwaja (1362) Abdallah (1362–1370), actual ruler was Mamai Murad (1362–1367), actual ruler was Mamai Aziz (1367–1369), actual ruler was Mamai Jani Beg
Jani Beg
II (1369–1370), actual ruler was Mamai Muhammad Bolak (1370–1379), actual ruler was Mamai Tulun Beg Khanum (as regent) (1370–1373), actual ruler was Mamai Aig Beg (1373–1376), actual ruler was Mamai Arab Shaykh (1376–1379), actual ruler was Mamai Kagan Beg (1375–1376), actual ruler was Mamai Ilbani (1373–1376), actual ruler was Mamai Hajji Cherkes (1375–1376), actual ruler was Mamai Urus Khan (1376–1378), Urus was also Khan of the White Horde and uncle of Toqtamish, allowing the Hordes to unite. Freky Aziz Reffelruz (1378–1380) Tokhtamysh
Tokhtamysh
(1380–1395) Temür Qutlugh (1396–1401), actual ruler was Edigu Shadi Beg (1399–1407), actual ruler was Edigu Pulad (1407–1410), actual ruler was Edigu Temür (1410–1412) Jalal ad-Din khan (1411–1412) Feicüs al-Doste (1413–1414) Karimberdi Kebeg Jabbar Berdi (1417–1419) Olugh Mokhammad (1419–1421, 1428–1433) Dawlat Berdi
Dawlat Berdi
(1419–1421, 1427–1432) Baraq (1422–1427) Seyid Akhmed (1433–1435) Küchük Muhammad (1435–1459) Mahmud (1459–1465) Ahmed (1465–1481) Shayk Ahmad (1481–1498, 1499–1502) Murtada (1498–1499)

Left wing (White Horde)[edit]

Orda (1226–1251) Qun Quran (1251–c.1280) Köchü (c.1280–1302) Buyan (Bayan) (1302–1309) Sasibuqa (1309–1315) Ilbasan (1315–1320) Mubarak Khwaja (1320–1344) Chimtay (1344–1374) Urus (1374–1376) Toqtaqiya (1376) Timur-Malik (1377) Tokhtamysh
Tokhtamysh
(1377–1378) Koiruchik (1378–1399) Baraq (1423–1428) Muhammed (1428–1431) Mustafa (1431–1446)

This Horde was annexed by Abu'l-Khayr Khan of the Shaybanids
Shaybanids
in 1446. Right wing (Blue Horde)[edit] Actual rulers of the Golden Horde
Golden Horde
(Jochid Ulus, Kipchak Khanate) were members of the House of Batu until 1361.

Batu Khan
Batu Khan
(1227–1255) Sartaq (1255–56) Ulaghchi (1257) Berke
Berke
(1257–1266) Mengu-Timur
Mengu-Timur
(1266–1282) Tuda Mengu
Tuda Mengu
(1282—1287) Talabuga
Talabuga
(1287—1291) Toqta
Toqta
(1291—1312) Öz Beg Khan
Öz Beg Khan
(1312–1341) Tini Beg
Tini Beg
(1341–1342) Jani Beg
Jani Beg
(1342—1357) Berdi Beg (1357—1361) Qulpa
Qulpa
(1359–1360) Nawruz Beg (1360–1361) Khidr (1361–1362) Timur Khwaja (1362) Abdallah (1362–1370), actual ruler was Mamai

Great Horde
Great Horde
(1466–1502)[edit] Main article: Great Horde Ilkhanate[edit]

Hülëgü (1256–1265) Abaqa (1265–1282) Tekuder
Tekuder
(1282–1284) Arghun
Arghun
(1284–1291) Gaykhatu
Gaykhatu
(1291–1295) Baydu
Baydu
(1295) Ghazan
Ghazan
(1295–1304) Öljaitü
Öljaitü
(1304–1316) Abu Sa'id (1316–1335) Arpa Ke'ün (1335–1336)

After the murder of Arpa, the regional states established during the disintegration of the Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
raised their own candidates as claimants.

Musa (1336–1337) (puppet of 'Ali Padshah of Baghdad) Muhammad (1336–1338) (Jalayirid puppet) Sati Beg (1338–1339) (Chobanid puppet) Sulayman (1339–1343) (Chobanid puppet, recognized by the Sarbadars 1341–1343) Jahan Temür (1339–1340) (Jalayirid puppet) Anushirwan (1343–1356) (non-dynastic Chobanid puppet) Ghazan
Ghazan
II (1356–1357) (known only from coinage)

Claimants from eastern Persia (Khurasan):

Togha Temür
Togha Temür
(c. 1338–1353) (recognized by the Kartids
Kartids
1338–1349; by the Jalayirids
Jalayirids
1338–1339, 1340–1344; by the Sarbadars 1338–1341, 1344, 1353) Luqman (1353–1388) (son of Togha Temür)

Chobanids
Chobanids
(1335–1357)[edit] Main article: Chobanids Jalayirid Sultanate
Jalayirid Sultanate
(1335–1432)[edit] Main article: Jalayirid Sultanate Injuids
Injuids
(1335–1357)[edit] Main article: Injuids Arghun
Arghun
Dynasty (1479?–1599?)[edit] Main article: Arghun
Arghun
Dynasty Chagatai Khanate[edit] Main article: List of Chagatai khans

Chagatai Khan
Chagatai Khan
1226–1242 Qara Hülëgü 1242–1246 d. 1252 Yesü Möngke 1246–1252 Qara Hülëgü (restored) 1252 Mubarak Shah 1252–1260

Orghana Khatun (fem.), regent 1252–1260

Alghu 1260–1266 Mubarak Shah (restored) 1266 Baraq 1266–1270 Negübei 1270–c. 1272 Buqa Temür c. 1272–1287 Duwa
Duwa
1287–1307 Könchek 1306–1308 Taliqu 1308–1309 Kebek 1309 d. 1325 Esen Buqa I 1309–c. 1318 Kebek (restored) c. 1318–1325 Eljigidey 1325–1329 Duwa
Duwa
Temür 1329–1330 Aladdin Tarmashirin
Tarmashirin
1331–1334 Buzan 1334–1335 Changshi 1335–1338 Yesun Temur c. 1338–c. 1342 with... 'Ali-Sultan 1342 Muhammad I ibn Pulad 1342–1343 Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur 1343–1346 Danishmendji 1346–1348

The Chagatai Khanate
Chagatai Khanate
is split into two parts, western and eastern. Moghulistan
Moghulistan
(Eastern Chagatai Khanate)[edit]

Bayan Qulï
Bayan Qulï
1348–1358 Shah Temür 1358 Tughlugh Timur
Tughlugh Timur
(in Mogulistan 1348–1363) 1358–1363 Ilyas Khodja (in Mogulistan 1363–1368) 1363 d. 1368 Adil-Sultan 1363 Khabul Shah 1364–1370

From 1370 on, the Chagatai Khans were puppets of Timur.

Suurgatmish 1370–1388 Sultan Mahmud (Mohammed II) 1388–1402

Kara Del
Kara Del
(1383–1513)[edit] Main article: Kara Del Al-Adil Kitbugha-Sultan of Mamluk Sultanate (1294–1296)[edit] Main article: Al-Adil Kitbugha Northern Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
(1368–1635)[edit] Main article: List of khans of the Northern Yuan dynasty Khans or Khagans of the Mongolia-based Northern Yuan dynasty:

Toghon Temür
Toghon Temür
(1368–1370) Biligtü Khan Ayushiridara (1370–1378) Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür (1378–1388) Jorightu Khan Yesüder (1388–1392)? Engke Khan (?–1392) Elbeg Nigülesügchi Khan (1392–1399) Gün Temür Khan
Temür Khan
(1400–1402) Örüg Temür Khan
Temür Khan
(Guilichi) - non-chingisid Öljei Temür Khan
Temür Khan
(Bunyashiri) (1403–1412) Delbeg Khan (Dalbag) (1415) Oyiradai (1415–1425) Adai Khan (1425–1438) Tayisung Khan Toghtoa Bukha (1433–1452) Agbarjin (1453) Esen taishi
Esen taishi
- the leader of the Oirats
Oirats
(1453–1454) Markörgis Khan (Ükegtü) (1454–1465) Molon Khan (1465–1466) Manduul Khan (1475–1478) Dayan Khan (Batu Möngke) (1478–1516) Bars Bolud Jinong (deputy) Bodi Alagh Khan (1516–1547) Daraisung Guden Khan (1547–1557) Tümen Jasagtu Khan
Tümen Jasagtu Khan
(1557–1592) Buyan Sechen Khan (1592–1603) Ligdan Khan
Ligdan Khan
(1604–1634) Ejei Khan (1634–1635)

Genghisid Setsen Khans of Eastern Mongolia (1627–1922)[edit] Ancestry of Navaanneren
Navaanneren
(previous Setsen Khans):

- Batmunkh Dayan Khaan /1464–1543/, 29th Great Khan and descendant of Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
(1162–1227) through Kubilai Khan. - Gersenz Jalair Khuntaij /1513–1549/, youngest son of Dayan Khan through Queen Samar Ghailu (also called Jimsgene Khatan). - Amindural /1550/, fourth son of Gersenz, ruled northern Kerulen river area. - Morbuim Taij, son of Amindural. - Khar Zagal /until 1627/, son of Morbuim, ruled until 1627. 1. Sholoi /1627–1652/, son of Morbuim, succeeded his brother Khar Zagal in 1627. First with the title of Setsen Khan. 2. Babu /1652–1683/, fifth son of Sholoi. 3. Norov /1683–1701/, third son of Babu. 4. Ravdan /1688/ 5. Omokhei /Sonomdorj/ /1701–1709/, was only 10 years old in 1701, so was brought up under the tutelage of Namjil Erdene Taij, a grandson of Sholoi. 6. Gunchin /1709–1728/, eldest son of Omokhei. 7. Tsevdenbainjuur /1728–1733/, eldest son of Gunchin. 8. Choijav /1733–1735/, grandson of Norov. 9. Damiran/1735–1751/, second son of Gunchin. 10. Manibadar /1751–1767/, eldest son of Damiran. 11. Tsevdenjav /1767–1788/, second son of Damiran. 12. Tseveendorj /1788–1795/, eldest son of Tsevdenjav. 13. Puntsagdorj /1795/, only son of Tseveendorj. 14. Sanzaidorj /1796–1800/, second generation grandson of Choijav. 15. Mahashiri /1800–1807/, paternal uncle of Puntsagdorj. 16. Enkhtor /1807–1816/, son of Mahashiri. 17. Artased/1817–1874/, son of Enkhtor. 18. Tserendorj /1874–1893/, son of Artased. 19. Demchigdorj /1893–1909/, eldest son of Tserendorj. 20. Navaanneren
Navaanneren
/1910–1922/, eldest son of Tserendondov, who was the son of Orjinjav the son of Artased.

Oirats[edit] Four Oirat
Four Oirat
(1399–1634)[edit]

Ugetchi Khashikha (c. 1399) Batula (Bahamu, Mahamud) (1399–1408) Togoon Tayisi (Toghan) (1408–1438) Esen (1438–1454) Amasanj (1454–1455) Ush-Temür (Ish-Temür) (1455–1469) Khishig urlugh Arkhan chingsang

Dzungar Khanate[edit]

Khara Khula (d. 1634) Baatur Khung-Taiji (1634–1653) Sengge (1653–1670) Galdan Boshugtu Khan
Galdan Boshugtu Khan
(1670–1697) Tsewang Arabtan (1694–1727) Galdan Tseren Khan (1727–1745) Tsewang-Dorji-Namjil (1746–1749) Lamdarja (1749–1752) Dawachi (1752–1755)

Khans of Khoshut Khanate[edit]

Güshi Khan
Güshi Khan
Toro-Baikhu (1642–1655) Dayan Ochir Khan (1655–1669) Gonchug Dalai Khan (1669–1698) Lhazang Chingis Khan (1698–1717)

Khotgoid Khanate (late 16th century – late 17th century)[edit] Main articles: Altan Khan of Khalkha and Khotogoid Torghud
Torghud
khans of Kalmyk Khanate[edit]

Kho Orluk (d. 1644) Shukhur Daichin (1644–1661) Puntsuk (1661–1669) Ayuka Khan (1669–1724) Tseren Donduk Khan (1724–1735) Donduk Ombo Khan (1735–1741) Donduk Dashi Khan (1741–1761) Ubashi Khan
Ubashi Khan
(1762–1771)

Bogd Khaanate[edit] Main article: Mongolia (1911–24)

Bogd Khan
Bogd Khan
(r. 1911–19, 1921–24) - Era name: Olnoo Örgögdsön[2] (1911–1924); (the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu) - Tibetan Spiritual head of Mongolian's Geluk Sect.

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ Weiers 1986: 505 ^ Alan J.K Sanders, Historical Dictionary of Mongolia: Second Edition, (2003), Scarecrow Press, Inc. p.413. ISBN 0810866013

Sources[edit]

Dughlát Muhammad Haidar, Norbert Elias, Edward Denison Ross - The Tarikh-i-rashidi Henry Hoyle Howorth-History of the Mongols Herbert Franke, Denis Twitchett, John King Fairbank -The Cambridge History of China: Alien regimes and border states, 907-1368 William Bayne Fisher, Peter Jackson, Laurence Lockhart, J. A. Boyle -The Cambridge history of Iran, 5 Konstantin Nikolaevich Maksimov - Kalmykia in Russia's past and present national policies and administrative system

See also[edit]

History of Mongolia Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
family tree List of Mongol states List of heads of state of Mongolia List of Mongol khatuns Borjigin Choros Khoshuud

v t e

Mongolic peoples

History

Timeline Mongolian Plateau States Rulers Slab Grave culture Ordos culture Proto-Mongolic language Medieval tribes Modern clans Mongolian nobility Writing systems Languages Soyombo symbol Religion

Ethnic groups

Eastern Mongols

Darkhad Dariganga Eljigin Khalkha Khotogoyd Sartuul

Western Mongols

Altai Uriankhai Baatud Bayad Chantuu Choros Dörben Oyrad Khoyd Khoshuud Khoton Kalmyk Oyrad Myangad Ӧlӧӧd Sart Kalmak Torguud Zakhchin

Northern Mongols

Buriad Barga Hamnigan

Southern Mongols

Abaga Abaganar Aohans Asud Baarin Chahar Eastern Dorbed Gorlos Kharchin Khishigten Khorchin Khuuchid Jalaid Jaruud Muumyangan Naiman Onnigud Ordos Sunud Tumed Urad Üzemchin

Other

Bonan Daur Dongxiang Mughal Moghol Monguor Khatso
Khatso
(Yunnan Mongol) Sichuan Mongo

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