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In Christianity, the Great Commission
Great Commission
is the instruction of the resurrected Jesus
Jesus
Christ to his disciples to spread his teachings to all the nations of the world. The most famous version of the Great Commission is in Matthew 28:16–20, where on a mountain in Galilee Jesus
Jesus
calls on his followers to baptize all nations in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The Great Commission
Great Commission
is similar to the episodes of the commissioning of the Twelve Apostles
Apostles
found in the other Synoptic Gospels, though with significant differences. Luke also has Jesus
Jesus
dispatching disciples during his ministry, sending them to all the nations and giving them power over demons, including the Seventy disciples. The dispersion of the Apostles
Apostles
in the traditional ending of Mark is thought to be a 2nd-century summary based on Matthew and Luke. It has become a tenet in Christian theology
Christian theology
emphasizing ministry, missionary work, evangelism, and baptism. The apostles are said to have dispersed from Jerusalem and founded the apostolic sees. Preterists believe that the Great Commission
Great Commission
and other Bible prophecies were fulfilled in the 1st century while futurists believe Bible prophecy
Bible prophecy
is yet to be fulfilled at the Second Coming. Some students of historical Jesus
Jesus
hypothesize the Great Commission
Great Commission
as reflecting not Jesus' words but rather the Christian community in which each gospel was written. (See Sayings of Jesus.) Some scholars, such as John Dominic Crossan, assert that Jesus
Jesus
did commission the apostles during his lifetime, as reported in the Gospels. Others, however, see even these lesser commissions as representing Christian invention rather than history.

Contents

1 History 2 New Testament
New Testament
accounts 3 Interpretations 4 See also 5 Notes

History[edit] It is unknown who coined the term Great Commission. It was likely first used as a summary for the passage by Dutch missionary Justinian von Welz. However, it was popularized by Hudson Taylor.[1] Scholars such as Eduard Riggenbach (in Der Trinitarische Taufbefehl) and J. H. Oldham et al. (in The Missionary Motive) assert that even the very concept did not exist until after the year 1650, and that Matthew 28:18–20 was traditionally interpreted as having been addressed only to Jesus's disciples then living (believed to be up to 500), and as having been carried out by them and fulfilled, not as a continuing obligation upon subsequent generations.[citation needed] New Testament
New Testament
accounts[edit] The most familiar version of the Great Commission
Great Commission
is depicted in Matthew 28:16–20,

Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus
Jesus
had directed them. And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. And Jesus
Jesus
came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

Other versions of the Great Commission
Great Commission
are found in Mark 16:14–18, Luke 24:44–49, Acts 1:4–8, and John 20:19–23. In Luke, Jesus tells the disciples to preach repentance and forgiveness, and promises that they will have divine power. In John, Jesus
Jesus
says the disciples will have the Holy Spirit and the authority to forgive sins and to withhold forgiveness.[2] In Acts, Jesus
Jesus
promises the disciples that the Holy Spirit will inspire them. All these passages are composed as words of Christ spoken after his resurrection. The call to go into the world in Matthew 28
Matthew 28
is prefaced a mere four chapters earlier when Jesus
Jesus
states that the Gospel
Gospel
message will be heard by representatives of all nations, at which time the end will come. Interpretations[edit] The commission from Jesus
Jesus
has been interpreted by evangelical Christians as meaning that his followers have the duty to go, make disciples, teach, and baptize. Although the command was initially given directly only to Christ's eleven Apostles, evangelical Christian theology has typically interpreted the commission as a directive to all Christians of every time and place, particularly because it seems to be a restatement or moving forward of the last part of God's covenant with Abraham in Genesis 12:3.[citation needed] Some Christians, like members of the Bruderhof Communities, see their life of church community as taught in Acts 2
Acts 2
and 4, as their part of proclaiming the gospel to all men.[3][4] Commentators often contrast the Great Commission
Great Commission
with the earlier Limited Commission of Matthew 10:5–42, in which they were to restrict their mission to their fellow Jews, who Jesus
Jesus
referred to as "the lost sheep of the house of Israel". (Matthew 15:24) Preterists believe that the Great Commission
Great Commission
was already fulfilled based on the New Testament
New Testament
passages "And they went out and preached everywhere" (Mark 16:20), "the gospel that you have heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven" (Colossians 1:23), and "Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus
Jesus
Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past, but now is manifested, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations" (Romans 16:25–26). The Jewish Encyclopedia: Gentiles: Gentiles May Not Be Taught the Torah states:

R. Emden (יעב"ץ‬), in a remarkable apology for Christianity contained in his appendix to "Seder 'Olam" (pp. 32b–34b, Hamburg, 1752), gives it as his opinion that the original intention of Jesus, and especially of Paul, was to convert only the Gentiles to the seven moral laws of Noah and to let the Jews follow the Mosaic law — which explains the apparent contradictions in the New Testament
New Testament
regarding the laws of Moses and the Sabbath.

See also[edit]

Matthew 28

Notes[edit]

^ Castleman, Robbie F. "The Last Word: The Great Commission: Ecclesiology" (PDF). Themelios. 32 (3): 68.  ^ John 20:21–23 ^ "Bruderhof - Fellowship for Intentional Community". Fellowship for Intentional Community. Retrieved 2018-01-17.  ^ "Proclaiming the Gospel". Bruderhof. Retrieved 2018-01-17. 

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History of Christianity

Centuries:1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st

Ministry of Jesus and Apostolic Age

Jesus

Ministry Crucifixion Resurrection

Holy Spirit Leadership

Apostles Seventy disciples Paul the Apostle Council of Jerusalem

Great Commission New Testament

Background Gospels Acts Pauline epistles General epistles Revelation

Ante-Nicene Period

Judaism split Justin Martyr Ignatius Persecution Fathers Irenaeus Marcionism Canon Tertullian Montanism Origen

Late ancient

Constantine Monasticism Councils: Nicaea I Creed Athanasius Arianism Jerome Augustine Constantinople I Ephesus I Chalcedon

Eastern Christianity

Eastern Orthodoxy Church of the East Oriental Orthodoxy Chrysostom Nestorianism Iconoclasm Great Schism Fall of Constantinople Armenia Georgia Greece Egypt Syria Ethiopia Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Russia America

Middle Ages

Pelagianism Gregory I Celtic Germanic Scandinavian Kievan Rus' Investiture Anselm Abelard Bernard of Clairvaux Bogomils Cathars Crusades Waldensians Inquisition Scholasticism Dominic Francis Bonaventure Aquinas Wycliffe Avignon Papal Schism Bohemian Reformation Hus Conciliarism

Catholicism

Primacy development Papacy Timeline Lateran IV Trent Counter-Reformation Thomas More Leo X Guadalupe Jesuits Jansenists Xavier Monastery dissolution Wars Teresa Vatican I and II Modernism

Reformation

Protestantism

Erasmus Five solae Eucharist Calvinist–Arminian debate Arminianism Dort Wars

Lutheranism

Martin Luther 95 Theses Diet of Worms Melanchthon Orthodoxy Eucharist Book
Book
of Concord

Calvinism

Zwingli Calvin Presbyterianism Scotland Knox TULIP Dort Three Forms of Unity Westminster

Anglicanism

Timeline Henry VIII Cranmer Settlement 39 Articles Common Prayer Puritans Civil War

Anabaptism

Radical Reformation Grebel Swiss Brethren Müntzer Martyrs' Synod Menno Simons Smyth

1640–1789

Revivalism English denominations Baptists Congregationalism First Great Awakening Methodism Millerism Pietism Neo- and Old Lutherans

1789–present

Camp meeting Holiness movement Independent Catholic denominations Second Great Awakening Restoration Movement Jehovah's Witnesses Mormonism Seventh-day Adventist Adventism Third Great Awakening Azusa Revival Fundamentalism Ecumenism Evangelicalism Jesus
Jesus
movement Mainline Protestant Pentecostalism Charismatics Liberation theology Christian right Christian left Genocide by ISIL

Timeline Missions Timeline Martyrs Theology Eastern Orthodoxy Oriental Orthodoxy Protestantism Catholicism

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Jesus

Historicity

Chronology of Jesus Genealogy of Jesus Historical Jesus

Quest for the historical Jesus portraits sources Josephus on Jesus Tacitus mention Mara bar Serapion letter

Historicity

Gospels race and appearance

Life events

Birth

Nativity Mary Joseph Flight into Egypt

Childhood Unknown years Baptism Temptation Apostles

selecting Great Commission

Ministry Sermon on the Mount

Plain

Prayers

Lord's Prayer

Parables Miracles Transfiguration Homelessness Last Supper Passion

arrest trial

Crucifixion

sayings on the cross

Tomb Resurrection Ascension

New Testament

Gospels

Matthew Mark Luke John Gospel
Gospel
harmony Oral gospel traditions

Life of Jesus
Jesus
in the New Testament Historical background of the New Testament New Testament
New Testament
places associated with Jesus Names and titles of Jesus
Jesus
in the New Testament

Culture

Language of Jesus Bibliography Films

Christianity

Christ Christianity Christology Depictions of Jesus

art

Jesus
Jesus
in Christianity

pre-existence incarnation

Relics associated with Jesus Scholastic Lutheran Christology Second Coming Session of Christ

Other views

Brothers of Jesus Holy Family Jesuism Jesus
Jesus
in comparative mythology Christ myth theory Jesus
Jesus
in Islam

Ahmadiyya

Jesus
Jesus
in Scientology Judaism's view of Jesus

in the Talmud

Master Jesus Religious perspectives

.