Great Budworth is a civil parish and village, approximately four miles
(6.4 km) north of Northwich, England, within the unitary
Cheshire West and
Chester and the ceremonial county of
Cheshire. It lies off the A559 road, east of Comberbach, northwest of
Higher Marston and southeast of Budworth Heath. Until 1948, Great
Budworth was part of the
Arley Hall estate.
4 Notable landmarks
4.1 St Mary and All Saints' Church
4.3 George and Dragon pub
4.4 54–57 High Street
5 Flora and fauna
7 See also
9 External links
According to Sir Peter Leycester, the name
Great Budworth comes from
Old Saxon words bode ("dwelling") and wurth ("a place by
Budworth Mere with
Great Budworth church in the distance
Great Budworth is approached from the main
Warrington to Northwich
road and lies about two miles (3.2 km) from the town of
Northwich. It is situated along a ridge overlooking two meres,
Budworth to the west and Pickmere to the east.
It was situated in the hundred of Bucklow and deanery of Frodsham. At
fifteen miles (24 km) in length and ten miles (16 km) in
width, it was considered to be the second largest parish in Cheshire,
after Prestbury. The parish contained nineteen townships: Budworth,
Anderton, Appleton-cum-Hull, Aston-juxta-Budworth, Barnton, Barterton,
or Bartington, Cogfoall, Comberbach, Dutton, Little-Leigh, Marbury,
Marston, Pickmere, Stretton, Nether-Tabley, Over-Witley, Nether
Witley, and Wincham.
The early history of
Great Budworth is documented in the Domesday
Book, which mentions a priest at Great Budworth. In 1130, St Mary and
All Saints Church was given to the Augustinian canon of Norton
Priory by William FitzNigel,
Chester and Baron of
The lord of the manor during the reign of Henry III was Geoffrey de
Dutton. He donated to
Norton Priory a third of his land to endow
masses for his soul. After the dissolution of the monasteries, King
Henry VIII granted the estate to John Grimsditch. It was afterwards
divided into several parcels.
There may have been a school in
Great Budworth as early as 1563, but
certainly one existed by 1578. For centuries, the village was owned
by the head of
Arley Hall who would collect rent from the
Rowland Egerton-Warburton of
Arley Hall paid for
restorations and improvements to the church in the 1850s.
Egerton-Warburton also undertook a "campaign to render it (the
village) picturesque in Victorian eyes". To this end he
commissioned architects including William Nesfield and John Douglas to
work on buildings in the village. Douglas remodelled the George
and Dragon inn in 1875, and restored some of the cottages.
A running pump was the only source of drinking water for the whole
community until 1934 when a piped supply was first connected. Until
Great Budworth was part of the
Arley Hall estate.
The Grade I listed St Mary and All Saints Church is located in the
village. The village is a popular location for films and television
including Cluedo and more recently a NatWest advert. Arley Hall, a
historic house, is nearby. Also of note in the area are the George
and Dragon and Cock o' Budworth public houses, 54–57 High
Street, Dene Cottages, Goldmine House and Belmont Hall.
St Mary and All Saints' Church
Main article: St Mary and All Saints' Church, Great Budworth
St Mary and All Saints Church
St Mary and All Saints' Church is recorded in the National Heritage
England as a designated Grade I listed building. It
is an active
Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the
Chester and the deanery of Great Budworth.
Clifton-Taylor includes it in his list of best English parish
churches. Richards describes it as "one of the finest examples of
ecclesiastical architecture remaining in Cheshire". The
Nikolaus Pevsner considered it to be "one of
the most satisfactory Perpendicular churches in Cheshire". In the
north chapel is a memorial to Sir Peter Leicester, the
17th-century historian, and in the Warburton Chapel is the alabaster
effigy of Sir John Warburton who died in 1575. In the north
chapel is an organ designed by Samuel Renn, installed in 1839.
Goldmine House and its attached cottage (Rose Cottage), designated as
a Grade II listed building, were built in 1870 for Rowland
Arley Hall and were designed by the Chester
architect John Douglas. Built with brown brick with some timber
framing, and clay tile roofs the house faces west. It is a double
storied building with two gabled bays. The cottage is simple in form
with a dormer and blue brick diapering.
Dene Cottages, a Grade II listed pair of cottages, were built in
1867–68, again for
Rowland Egerton-Warburton and by Douglas. The
lower storeys are constructed in brown brick. The upper storeys are
timber-framed with plaster panels. The roof is in clay tiles. The
plaster panels are pargetted with floral motifs.
Belmont Hall in this parish was built by J. H. Smith-Barry Esq., who
deposited in it his valuable collection of pictures and statues,
afterwards removed to Marbury. Smith-Barry sold it to Henry Clarke.
Built in 1755 and designed by James Gibbs, it is a Grade I listed
building. As of 2014 it is occupied by Cransley School.
George and Dragon pub
The George and Dragon pub
The George and Dragon pub, another Grade II listed building,
was initially built as a simple three-bay Georgian inn. In 1875, John
Douglas was commissioned to restore it by Egerton-Warburton. He added
tall rubbed chimneys, mullioned windows and a steep pyramidal
turret. The double-storied inn has bays built in brick with a
roughcast rendering on the upper storey. It has clay tiled covered
hipped roofs. Its other architectural features comprise a projecting
two-storey porch with oak post-and-rail fence inscribed with a number
of sayings on either side, lateral bay with four-light mullioned
window in the lower storey and a three-light mullioned window in the
upper storey, a tall rubbed brick chimneystack, and the inn sign
located diagonally from the right corner. The inn continues to
function as a public house and restaurant.
54–57 High Street
54–57 High Street is a row of four Grade II listed
dwellings in the High Street, built in the early
18th century. They were refaced and partly rebuilt for
Rowland Egerton-Warburton of
Arley Hall by John Douglas in 1870 or
1875. The two outer buildings are houses and the two central
buildings are cottages. They are built in brown brick with clay tile
roofs, and have two storeys plus attics. Each building has a gable,
those on the outer buildings larger than those on the inner, all
decorated with brick and plaster.
Flora and fauna
In the Middle Ages, Budworth Mere was used as a fish hatchery. Stocked
with bream and pike, its reeds shelter breeding reed warblers and
great crested grebes. Other avifauna includes mallards and
The Soul Cakers Play is a seasonal folk play performed in the village
every November which brings together the whole community. It features
Saint George, the Black Knight and a Hobby Horse. In Great
Budworth, the "soul cake" may be a glass of beer or other sustenance;
into it comes the devil, or Beelzebub, now "Belshy Bob".
Listed buildings in Great Budworth
^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
Google Maps (Map). Google.
^ Green, Henry (1859). Knutsford, its traditions and history: with
reminiscences, anecdotes, and notices of the neighbourhood. Smith,
Elder, & Co. p. 13. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
^ The British architect: a journal of architecture and the accessory
arts. 1884. pp. 282–. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
^ a b c Lysons, Daniel (1810). Magna Britannia: being a concise
topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain.
Containing Cambridgeshire, and the County Palatine of Chester. Cadell.
pp. 519–. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
^ Greene 2004, p. 67.
^ Lancashire and
Cheshire Antiquarian Society (1897). Transactions of
the Lancashire and
Cheshire Antiquarian Society. pp. 95–.
Retrieved 16 July 2011.
^ Cox, Marjorie; Hopkins, L. A. (1975). A history of Sir John Deane's
Grammar School, Northwich, 1557–1908. Manchester University Press
ND. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-7190-1282-2. Retrieved 11 July
^ a b c d Lambert, Nick (1 July 1996).
Cheshire walks with children.
Sigma Leisure. p. 72. ISBN 978-1-85058-560-2. Retrieved 11
^ Steele, Robert J. (May 2003), A Brief History of Great Budworth
Church, St Mary's and All Saints Church, archived from the original on
23 August 2007, retrieved 9 September 2007
^ Hubbard, p. 92
^ Hubbard, pp. 79–80
^ Hubbard, pp. 92–93, 246
^ Hubbard, pp. 240, 242, 278
^ a b c Boast, Howard. "History on your doorstep – Great Budworth".
Cheshire Magazine. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary and All Saints, Great Budworth
(1139156)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 March
^ "St Mary & All Saints, Great Budworth". Church of England.
Retrieved 1 January 2011.
^ Clifton-Taylor, Alec (1974). English Parish Churches as Work of Art.
Batsford. p. 240. ISBN 0-7134-2776-0.
^ a b Richards, Raymond (1947). Old
Cheshire Churches. Batsford.
^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hubbard, Edward (2003) . Cheshire. The
Buildings of England. Yale University Press. pp. 227–228.
^ a b Historic England. "Goldmine House, Rose Cottage, Great Budworth
(1329888)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 March
^ Hubbard, p.278
^ Hubbard, p.240
^ Historic England. "Dene Cottages, 1 and 2
Warrington Road, Great
Budworth (1329854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26
^ Historic England. "Belmont Hall (1139129)". National Heritage List
for England. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
^ "Cransley School". Cransley School. Archived from the original on 7
June 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2008.
^ a b c Historic England. "George and Dragon Inn, Great Budworth
(1329885)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 March
^ a b Hubbard, pp. 92–93
^ "George and Dragon". Onionring. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
^ a b c Historic England. "Jasmine Cottage, Nos. 55 & 56 and No.
57 High Street,
Great Budworth (1139118)". National Heritage List for
England. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
^ Hubbard, p. 242
^ Darling, Jen (1 April 1988). West
Cheshire Walks. Sigma.
pp. 73–. ISBN 978-1-85058-111-6. Retrieved 16 July
^ Wright, Peter (1974). The language of British industry. Macmillan.
p. 66. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
Boyd, Arnold (1951). A Country Parish:
Great Budworth in the county of
Chester. Collins. OCLC 221053881.
Foster, Charles (1999). "The History of the House and the Family". In
Albrighton, Tom (ed.).
Arley Hall and Gardens, Cheshire.
Jarrold. CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link)
Greene, J. Patrick (2004). Norton Priory: The Archaeology of a
Medieval Religious House. Cambridge University Press.
Groves, Linden (2004). Historic Parks & Gardens of Cheshire.
Landmark. ISBN 1-84306-124-4.
Hubbard, Edward (1991). The Work of John Douglas. Victorian Society.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Budworth.
Cheshire West and Chester
Civil parishes (current)
Aldford and Saighton
Anderton with Marbury
Ashton Hayes and Horton cum Peel
Delamere and Oakmere
Dunham-on-the-Hill and Hapsford
Eaton and Eccleston
Hargrave and Huxley
Mickle Trafford and District
No Man’s Heath and District
Poulton and Pulford
Shocklach Oviatt and District
Stanthorne and Wimboldsley
Tattenhall and District
Tiverton and Tilstone Fearnall
Macefen and Bradley
Upton by Chester
Whitegate and Marton
Civil parishes (former)
Churton by Aldford
Churton by Farndon
Crewe by Farndon
Horton cum Peel
Marlston cum Lache
Newton by Malpas
Ceremonial county of Cheshire
Cheshire West and Chester
See also: List of civil parishes in Cheshire
Population of major settlements
Grade I listed churches
Grade I listed non-ecclesiastical buildings
Grade II* listed buildings