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GRAVELLY HILL INTERCHANGE, better known throughout the UK by its nickname SPAGHETTI JUNCTION , is junction 6 of the M6 motorway
M6 motorway
where it meets the A38(M) Aston Expressway in the Gravelly Hill area of Birmingham
Birmingham
, England. The interchange was opened on 24 May 1972.

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview * 2 Co-located junctions * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

OVERVIEW

The interchange's colloquial name "Spaghetti Junction" was coined in 1965 by journalists from the Birmingham
Birmingham
Evening Mail . On 1 June 1965, reporter Roy Smith described plans for the then unbuilt junction as a "cross between a plate of spaghetti and an unsuccessful attempt at a Staffordshire knot ", and a sub-editor headlined the article "Spaghetti Junction". The interchange at night seen from the West Midlands Police
West Midlands Police
helicopter

The junction provides access to and from the A38 (Tyburn Road), A38(M) (Aston Expressway), the A5127 (Lichfield Road/Gravelly Hill), and several unclassified local roads. It covers 30 acres (12 ha), serves 18 routes and includes 4 km (2.5 mi) of slip roads, but only 1 km (0.6 mi) of the M6 itself. Across 5 different levels, it has 559 concrete columns, reaching up to 24.4 m (80 ft). The engineers had to elevate 21.7 km (13.5 mi) of motorway to accommodate two railway lines, three canals, and two rivers.

In 1958, the Ministry of Transport commissioned the engineering firm, Sir Owen Williams "> The Cross City Line and Tame Valley Canal passing underneath the motorway complex

Underneath the motorway junction are the meeting points of local roads, the river Tame 's confluences with the River Rea
River Rea
and Hockley Brook , the Cross-City and Walsall railway lines and Salford Junction , where the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
, Birmingham
Birmingham
and Fazeley Canal and Tame Valley Canal meet.

SEE ALSO

* Transport in Birmingham
Birmingham
* List of road junctions in the United Kingdom * Other Spaghetti Junctions

REFERENCES

* ^ "London road junction \'scariest\'". BBC News. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 4 May 2010. * ^ Moran, Joe (2010). On Roads. London: Profile Books. p. 45. ISBN 1846680603 . Retrieved 23 June 2012. * ^ Elkes, Neil (16 May 2012). " Birmingham
Birmingham
Mail\'s role in creating Spaghetti Junction
Spaghetti Junction
legend". Birmingham
Birmingham
Mail. Birmingham. Retrieved 22 June 2012. * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/legacies/heritage/england/birmingham/article_1.shtml * ^ "£20m Motorway links for Midlands". The Times. London. 20 August 1968. p. 2. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "Spaghetti Junction-the gateway to London". The Times. 25 May 1972. p. 2. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Charles Bulmer (ed) (19 February 1972). "On the road". Motor: 48. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ "M1 box-girder viaduct to be strengthened". The Times. 24 November 1971. p. 2. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "The Motorway Archive; Midland Links Motorways". The Motorway Archive. Retrieved 13 December 2007. * ^ "Urgent fix for Spaghetti Junction". BBC News. 1 December 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2007.

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