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The Info List - Grand Duke Of Tuscany


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The rulers of Tuscany
Tuscany
have varied over time, sometimes being margraves, the rulers of handfuls of border counties and sometimes the heads of the most important family of the region.

Contents

1 Margraves of Tuscany, 812–1197

1.1 House of Boniface 1.2 House of Boso 1.3 House of Hucpold 1.4 Nondynastic 1.5 House of Canossa 1.6 Nondynastic

2 Rulers of Florence, 1382–1569

2.1 De facto rulers of the Albizzi
Albizzi
family, 1382–1434 2.2 De facto rulers of the House of Medici, 1434–1494

2.2.1 Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
(1494-1512) 2.2.2 Rulers of the House of Medici
Medici
(1512-1532)

2.3 Medici
Medici
Dukes of Florence, 1532–1569

3 Medici
Medici
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1569–1737 4 Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1737–1801 5 Bourbon-Parma Kings of Etruria, 1801–1807 6 Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1814–1860 7 Titular Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
claimants, 1860–present 8 See also

Margraves of Tuscany, 812–1197[edit] House of Boniface[edit]

These were originally counts of Lucca
Lucca
who extended their power over the neighbouring counties.

Boniface I, 812–823 Boniface II, 828–834 Aganus, 835–845 Adalbert I, 847–886 Adalbert II the Rich, 886–915 Guy, 915–929 Lambert, 929–931

House of Boso[edit]

These were the (mostly illegitimate) relatives of Hugh of Arles, King of Italy, whom he appointed to their post after removing the dynasty of Boniface

Boso, 931–936 Humbert, 936–961 Hugh the Great, 961–1001

House of Hucpold[edit]

Boniface (III), 1004–1011

Nondynastic[edit]

Rainier, 1014–1027

House of Canossa[edit]

These were the descendants of the Counts of Canossa.

Boniface III, 1027–1052 Frederick, 1052–1055 Matilda, 1052–1115

Beatrice of Bar, 1052–1055 (regent as mother of Frederick and Mathilda) Godfrey the Bearded, Duke of Lower Lorraine, 1053–1069 (regent as husband of Beatrice and step-father to Frederick and Matilda) Godfrey the Hunchback, Duke of Lower Lorraine, 1069–1076 (regent as husband of Matilda) Welf II, 1089–1095 (co-regent as husband of Matilda)

Nondynastic[edit]

Rabodo, 1116–1119 Conrad, 1119/20–1129/31 Rampret, c. 1131 Engelbert, 1134/5–1137 Henry the Proud, 1137–1139 Ulrich of Attems, 1139–1152 (imperial vicar) Welf VI, 1152–1160 Welf VII, 1160–1167

Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, 1160–1163 (imperial vicar) Christian of Buch, Archbishop of Mainz 1163–1173 (imperial vicar)

Welf VI, 1167–1173 Philip, 1195–1197

In 1197 Philip was elected King of Germany and the majority of the Tuscan nobility, cities and bishops formed the Tuscan League with Papal backing.

Frederick of Antioch, 1246–50 (imperial vicar)

After this, Tuscany
Tuscany
was splintered between the competing republics of Florence, Pisa, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia
Pistoia
and Lucca. Since the 14th century, Florence
Florence
gained dominance over Pistoia
Pistoia
(1306, officially annexed 1530), Arezzo
Arezzo
(1384), Pisa (1406), and Siena (1559). Lucca
Lucca
was an independent republic until the Napoleonic
Napoleonic
period in the 19th century. Rulers of Florence, 1382–1569[edit] De facto rulers of the Albizzi
Albizzi
family, 1382–1434[edit]

Maso degli Albizzi
Albizzi
1382-1417 Rinaldo degli Albizzi
Albizzi
1417-1434

De facto rulers of the House of Medici, 1434–1494[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Cosimo de' Medici 1434 1464 First de facto Lord of Florence

Piero the Gouty 1464 1469 Son of Cosimo

Lorenzo the Magnificent 1469 1492 Son of Piero

Giuliano de' Medici 1469 1478 Brother of Lorenzo and also Co-Ruler, was assassinated.

Piero the Unfortunate 1492 1494 Son of Lorenzo, was deposed and exiled

Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
(1494-1512)[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Girolamo Savonarola 1494 1498 Inspired reform around Florence, was condemned a heretic and hanged.

Piero Soderini 1502 1512 was declared Standard Bearer for life, fled Florence
Florence
after the Spanish Invasion.

Rulers of the House of Medici
Medici
(1512-1532)[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici 1512 1513 Son of Lorenzo, later became Pope Leo X

Giuliano, Duke of Nemours 1513 1516 Son of Lorenzo

Lorenzo II de Medici 1516 1519 Son of Piero the Unfortunate

Cardinal Giulio de' Medici 1519 1523 son of Giuliano de Medici, later became Pope Clement VII

Ippolito de' Medici 1523 1527 Son of Giuliano de Medici

Alessandro de' Medici 1527 1530 son of Lorenzo II de Medici, ruled in exile, returned and became Duke of Florence, was Assassinated.

After the Sack of Rome, Florence
Florence
overthrew the Medicis
Medicis
once More and became a Republic, until Pope Clement VII, signed a peace treaty with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
who then invaded Florence
Florence
and restored the Medicis.

Portrait Name From To Note

Alessandro de' Medici 1531 1532 son of Lorenzo II de Medici, ruled in exile, returned and became Duke of Florence, was Assassinated.

Medici
Medici
Dukes of Florence, 1532–1569[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Alessandro de' Medici 1532 1537 son of Lorenzo II de Medici, ruled in exile, returned and became Duke of Florence, was Assassinated.

Cosimo I de' Medici 1537 1569 son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, later became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Medici
Medici
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1569–1737[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 1569 1574 son of Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, later became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Francesco I de' Medici 1574 1587 son of Cosimo I de' Medici.

Ferdinando I de' Medici 1587 1609 son of Cosimo

Cosimo II de' Medici 1609 1621 Son of Ferdinando I

Ferdinando II de' Medici 1621 1670 son of Cosimo II

Cosimo III de' Medici 1670 1723 son of Ferdinando II

Gian Gastone de' Medici 1723 1737 son of Cosimo III, was the last Medici
Medici
Grand Duke of Tuscany.

Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1737–1801[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Francesco II Stefano 1737 1765 a great-great-great-grandson of Francesco I, later became Holy Roman Emperor.

Pietro Leopoldo I 1765 1790 second son of Francis I, also became Holy Roman Emperor.

Ferdinando III 1790 1801 second son of Leopold I

Bourbon-Parma Kings of Etruria, 1801–1807[edit]

Name Portrait Started Ended Relationship with predecessor(s)

Lodovico I

3 Aug 1801 27 May 1803 Grandson of Francisco II Stefano

Lodovico II

27 May 1803 10 Dec 1807 son of Lodovico I

Tuscany
Tuscany
was annexed by France, 1807–1814. Napoleon's sister Elisa Bonaparte was given the honorary title of Grand Duchess of Tuscany, but did not actually rule over the region. Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
Grand Dukes of Tuscany, 1814–1860[edit]

Portrait Name From To Note

Ferdinando III 1814 1824 Restored

Leopoldo II 1824 1859 son of Ferdinando III

Ferdinando IV 1859 1860 son of Leopoldo II

Leopoldo II was driven from Tuscany
Tuscany
by revolution from 21 February to 12 April 1849, and again on 27 April 1859. He abdicated in favor of his son, Ferdinando IV, on 21 July 1859, but Ferdinando IV was never recognized in Tuscany, and was deposed by the provisional government on 16 August. Tuscany
Tuscany
was annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia, on 22 March 1860. Titular Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
claimants, 1860–present[edit]

Ferdinando IV 1860–1908 Giuseppe Ferdinando 1908–1921 Pietro Ferdinando 1921–1948 Goffredo 1948–1984 Leopoldo Francesco 1984–1993 Sigismondo 1993–Present

See also[edit]

List of Tuscan consorts Grand Duchy of Tuscany History of Tuscany Line of succession to the former Austro-Hungarian throne# Tuscany
Tuscany
line

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Grand Dukes of Tuscany

Cosimo I (1569–1574) Francesco I (1574-1587) Ferdinando I (1587–1609) Cosimo II (1609–1621) Ferdinando II (1621–1670) Cosimo III (1670–1723) Gian Gastone (1723–1737) Francesco Stefano (1737-1765) Leopoldo I (1765–1790) Ferdinando III (1790–1801) & (1814–1824) Leopoldo II (1824–1849) & (1849–1859) Fe

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