Granby is a statutory town
. It is the most populous municipality
in Grand County
, United States. Granby is situated along U.S. Highway 40
in the Middle Park
basin, and it is about northwest of Denver
and southwest of Rocky Mountain National Park
. As of the 2010 census
the town had a population of 1,864.
The town was founded in 1904 along the route of the Denver, Northwestern & Pacific Railway
and was incorporated one year later. It was named after Granby Hillyer, a Denver lawyer who later served as the United States Attorney
for that city's district. The town is best known in modern times for Marvin Heemeyer
's rampage and subsequent suicide in a custom built bulldozer, dubbed the "Killdozer", during which he caused $7 million in property damage, following a dispute with local officials. Marvin instantly became a folkhero to many, a modern day version of the Australian bushranger Ned Kelly for his opposition to authority.
Granby sits at above sea level
in the valley of the Fraser River
, east of its mouth at the Colorado River
. It is located in eastern Grand County at (40.086396, -105.936487),
in an area subject to average annual rainfall of inches and annual snowfall of more than .
U.S. Route 40
passes through the center of town as Agate Avenue, leading south and east over Berthoud Pass
to the Denver area, west to Hot Sulphur Springs
, the Grand County seat. Kremmling
is to the west on US 40. U.S. Route 34
intersects US 40 on the west side of Granby and leads northeast into Rocky Mountain National Park, crossing the mountains as Trail Ridge Road
and reaching Estes Park
northeast of Granby.
According to the United States Census Bureau
, Granby has a total area of , all land.
thumb|right|200px|New Granby Public Library
As of the census
of 2000, there were 1,525 people, 579 households, and 390 families residing in the town. The population density
was 856.2 people per square mile (330.8/km2
). There were 628 housing units at an average density of 352.6 per square mile (136.2/km2
). The racial makeup of the town was 96.26% White
, 0.46% African American
, 0.26% Native American
, 0.98% Asian
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 1.44% from other races
, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 3.61% of the population.
There were 579 households, out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples
living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,667, and the median income for a family was $55,250. Males had a median income of $35,455 versus $24,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,224. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those ages 65 and older.
Many Granby and Grand County residents are descended from pioneer settlers who arrived before the country was fully surveyed. Early families established themselves under the Homestead Act of 1862
, which allowed easy access to land to those who would inhabit and improve upon the territory.
Since the turn of the century, families have contended for prime ranch land. The Hudlers and Cooks are descended from original homesteaders. Their waning ranch once covered approximately and was rich in cattle and hay.
, a local auto muffler shop owner, and entrepreneur was denied access to his own business property when a factory was approved by the city and built, cutting off his road access. The city later prevented him from building a new driveway that would again allow his business to operate. Later his connection to the local sewage line was destroyed by construction of the neighboring factory and the city fined him for the damage caused by the new factory construction.
On June 4, 2004, Heemeyer went on a rampage through town, driving a modified bulldozer
. Several buildings were damaged, including a bank, a hardware store, the concrete company, a utility service center, the town hall, the police department, and a former mayor's home, all involved in Heemeyer's business having been destroyed. The rampage lasted 2 hours and 7 minutes, ending when the bulldozer got stuck attempting to go through the alleyway of Gambles Hardware Store. Heemeyer then killed himself with a handgun. No other deaths occurred, but an estimated $7 million in damage was done.
, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Granby, operating its ''California Zephyr
'' daily in both directions between Chicago
and Emeryville, California
, across the bay from San Francisco
Granby-Grand County Airport , a small airport one mile east of town, serves as a stopover for transient general aviation flights, as well as hosts some local aviation activity. There are no scheduled passenger carrier flights into or out of the airport, which features a by asphalt runway. Services at the airport are limited to aviation fuel for both piston and jet/turboprop aircraft.
This climate type is dominated by the winter season, a long, bitterly cold period with short, clear days, relatively little precipitation mostly in the form of snow, and low humidity. According to the Köppen Climate Classification
system, Granby has a subarctic climate
, abbreviated "Dfc" on climate maps.Climate Summary for Granby, Colorado
*Penny Rafferty Hamilton, aviation educator, writer, and photographer
*Marvin Heemeyer, perpetrator of the Granby Rampage, Where he built a armoured Bulldozer dubbed the "Killdozer of Granby"
*Outline of Colorado
**Index of Colorado-related articles
*State of Colorado
**Colorado cities and towns
***Grand County, Colorado
*Arapaho National Forest
*Arapaho National Recreation Area
*Middle Park (Colorado basin)
*Rocky Mountain National Park
Town of Granby official website
Granby Chamber of Commerce
CDOT map of the Town of Granby
Granby's local newspaper
Photographs from the Denver Public Library
now kept at the Library of Congress
Category:Towns in Colorado
Category:Towns in Grand County, Colorado
Category:Populated places established in 1904