The Info List - Gram Panchayat

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A gram panchayat (village council) is the only grassroots-level of panchayati raj formalised local self-governance system in India
at the village or small-town level, and has a sarpanch as its elected head.[1] The failed attempts to deal with local matters at the national level caused, in 1992, the reintroduction of panchayats for their previously used purpose as an organisation for local self-governance.[1] There are about 250,000 gram panchayats in India,[2][3] that are being gigabit-broadband enabled under the BharatNet and Digital India initiative.[4][5][6]


1 Structure

1.1 Meetings

2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Structure[edit] Gram panchayats are panchayats at base level in panchayat raj institutions (or PRIs), governed by the 73rd Amendment, which is concerned with Rural Local Governments.[7]

Panchayat at District (or apex) Level Panchayat at Intermediate Level Panchayat at Base Level

The gram panchayat is divided into wards and each ward is represented by a Ward Member, also referred to as a Panch or Panchayat Member, who is directly elected by the villagers.[8] The panchayat is chaired by the president of the village, known as a Sarpanch. The term of the elected representatives is five years. The Secretary of the panchayat is a non-elected representative, appointed by the state government, to oversee panchayat activities.[9]


Republic of India


Union Territories



Blocks (Tehsils/Talukas)

Municipal Corporations (Maha-Nagar-Palika)

Municipalities (Nagar-Palika)

City Councils (Nagar-Panchayat)

Villages (Gram/Gaon)


Meetings[edit] According to Section. 6 (3) of the Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act of 1994, that state's gram sabha has to conduct a meeting at least twice a year.[10] See also[edit]

Khap Lambardar Panchayati raj Zaildar


^ a b Sapra, Ipsita (February 2013). "Living in the villages". Rural Democracy. D+C Development and Cooperation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.  ^ Chaturvedi, Mahesh Chandra (2012). India's waters. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-1439872833. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  ^ "GROUND RULES". Scroll.in. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  ^ "Only ‘Made in India’ equipment for BharatNet: Govt.", The Hindu, 12 November 2017. ^ "Govt to launch second phase of BharatNet, to connect 1.5 lakh panchayats with internet.", The News Minute, 13 November 2017. ^ "BBNL may become full-blown telecom services company". Economic times. Kolkata, India. 29 October 2013.  ^ Benoy Banerjee; Irfaan Khan; Rajeev Kumar et al. (2006). "Chapter Eight: Local Governments". India
Constitution at Work: Textbook in Political Science for Class XI. National Council of Educational Research and Training. ISBN 81-7450-550-4. Retrieved 30 January 2016. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Seetharam, Mukkavilli (1 January 1990). Citizen Participation in Rural Development. Mittal Publications. p. 34. ISBN 9788170992271.  ^ Social Science. Vk Publications. p. 117. ISBN 9788179732144.  ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1994" (PDF). Lawsofindia.org. 2002. Section 6.(3). Retrieved 30 September 2015. 

External links[edit]

website of Ministry of Panchayati Raj Government of India Subramaniam Vincent (28 February 2002). "Ugly duckling to swan". India Together.  "Indian local governments" (Harvard University) "Indian local governments" (National Backward Krishi Vidyapeeth Solapur in India)

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Local government in India


Municipal Corporation Nagar Palika (Municipal Council)


Town Panchayat (Nagar panchayat)


District Panchayat
District Panchayat
(Zila Parishad ) Block Panchayat / Taluk Panchayat / Panchayat Samiti / Panchayat Union Gram Panchayat Sarpanch


National Panchayati Raj Day

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