HOME
TheInfoList



A governorate is an
administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular, ...

administrative division
of a country. It is headed by a
governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, ''governor'' may be th ...
. As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term ''governorate'' is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations. The most common usage is as a translation of the
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Streck, Janet C. E.Wats ...

Arabic
''Muhafazah''. It may also refer to the ''guberniya'' and ''Governor-General, general-gubernatorstvo'' of Russian Empire, Imperial Russia or the 34 '':es:Categoría:Gobernaciones indianas, gobernaciones'' of Spanish Empire, Imperial Spain.


Arab countries

The term governorate is widely used in Arab countries to describe an administrative unit. Some governorates combine more than one ''Muhafazah''; others closely follow traditional boundaries inherited from the Ottoman Empire's ''vilayet'' system. With the exception of Tunisia, all translations into the term governorate originate in the Arabic word ''muhafazah''. *Governorates of Bahrain *Governorates of Egypt *Governorates of Iraq (official translation, sometimes also translated as province) *Governorates of Jordan *Governorates of Kuwait *Governorates of Lebanon *Governorates of Oman *Governorates of Palestine *Governorates of Saudi Arabia *Governorates of Syria *Governorates of Tunisia (the local term is ''wilayah'') *Governorates of Yemen


Russian Empire

*History of the administrative division of Russia *''Guberniya'' and :Governorates of the Russian Empire


Congress Kingdom of Poland

*See Administrative division of Congress Poland


Grand Duchy of Finland

* Governorates of the Grand Duchy of Finland


Portuguese Empire

In the Portuguese Empire, a governorate general (Portuguese language, Portuguese: ''governo-geral'') were a colonial administration. They usually were created in order to be a centralized government over smaller colonies or territories of the Portuguese Empire. Governorate Generals of the Portuguese Empire: *Governorate General of Brazil (1549-1572 / 1578-1607 / 1613–1621) *Governorate General of Bahia (1572-1578 / 1607–1613) *Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro (1572-1578 / 1607–1613)


Spanish Empire

In the Spanish Empire, the ''gobernaciones'' ("governorships" or "governorates") were an administrative division, roughly analogous to a province directly beneath the level of the ''Audiencia Real, audiencia'' or Captaincy, captaincy general, and the viceroy in areas directly under the viceroy's administration. The powers and duties of a
governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, ''governor'' may be th ...
were identical to a ''Corregidor (position), corregidor'' but a governor managed a larger or more prosperous area than the former.


Italian Empire

* Governorates of Italian East Africa


Germany

In today's States of Germany, German states of Baden-Württemberg, Free State of Bavaria, Bavaria, Hesse, and North Rhine-Westphalia, there are - and earlier in many more German states there were - sub-state administrative regions called ''Regierungsbezirk'', which is sometimes translated into English as governorate. During the time of the Nazi Germany, Third Reich, a "General Government for the Occupied Polish Areas" (German: ''Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete'') existed. The German (based on a traditional Prussian term) is sometimes translated as ''General Governorate''.


Romania

During World War II, Romania administrated three governorates: the Bessarabia Governorate (Romania), Bessarabia Governorate, the Bukovina Governorate and the Transnistria Governorate.


Vatican City

Under the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State, the pope's executive authority for Vatican City is exercised by the Governorate for Vatican City State. The President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, President of Vatican City's legislative body is ''ex officio'' the President of the Governorate. The other key officers of the Governorate are the General Secretary and the Vice General Secretary. All three officers are appointed by the pope for five-year terms.


References

{{Authority control Types of administrative division Governorates,