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A GOVERNORATE is an administrative division of a country. It is headed by a governor . As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states , provinces , or colonies , the term _governorate_ is often used in translation from non- English-speaking administrations.

The most common usage is as a translation of the Arabic _MUHAFAZAH _. It may also refer to the _GUBERNIYA _ and _general-gubernatorstvo _ of Imperial Russia or the 34 _GOBERNACIONES _ of Imperial Spain .

CONTENTS

* 1 Arab countries

* 2 Russian Empire

* 2.1 Congress Kingdom of Poland * 2.2 Grand Duchy of Finland

* 3 Portuguese Empire * 4 Spanish Empire * 5 Italian Empire * 6 Germany * 7 Romania * 8 Vatican City * 9 References

ARAB COUNTRIES

The term governorate is widely used in Arab countries to describe an administrative unit. Some governorates combine more than one _wilayah _; others closely follow traditional boundaries inherited from the Ottoman Empire 's _vilayet _ system.

With the exception of Tunisia, all translations into the term governorate originate in the Arabic word _muhafazah _.

* Governorates of Bahrain * Governorates of Egypt * Governorates of Iraq (official translation, sometimes also translated as province) * Governorates of Jordan * Governorates of Kuwait * Governorates of Lebanon * Governorates of Oman * Governorates of the State of Palestine * Governorates of Saudi Arabia * Governorates of Syria * Governorates of Tunisia (the local term is _wilayah _) * Governorates of Yemen

RUSSIAN EMPIRE

* History of the administrative division of Russia * _ Guberniya _ and Category:Governorates of the Russian Empire

CONGRESS KINGDOM OF POLAND

* See Administrative division of Congress Poland

GRAND DUCHY OF FINLAND

* Governorates of the Grand Duchy of Finland

PORTUGUESE EMPIRE

In the Portuguese Empire , a governorate general (Portuguese : _governo-geral_) were a colonial administration. They usually were created in order to be a centralized government over smaller colonies or territories of the Portuguese Empire.

Governorate Generals of the Portuguese Empire:

* Governorate General of Brazil (1549-1572 / 1578-1607 / 1613-1621) * Governorate General of Bahia (1572-1578 / 1607-1613) * Governorate General of Rio de Janeiro (1572-1578 / 1607-1613)

SPANISH EMPIRE

In the Spanish Empire , the _gobernaciones_ ("governorships" or "governorates") were an administrative division, roughly analogous to a province directly beneath the level of the _audiencia _ or captaincy general , and the viceroy in areas directly under the viceroy's administration. The powers and duties of a governor were identical to a _corregidor _ but a governor managed a larger or more prosperous area than the former. See also: Governorates of the Spanish Empire

ITALIAN EMPIRE

* Governorates of Italian East Africa

GERMANY

In today's German states of Baden-Württemberg , Bavaria , Hesse , and North Rhine-Westphalia there are - and earlier in many more German states there were - sub-state administrative regions called _ Regierungsbezirk _, which is sometimes translated into English as governorate.

During the time of the Third Reich , a " General Government for the Occupied Polish Areas" (German: _Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete_) existed. The German (based on a traditional Prussian term) is sometimes translated as _General Governorate_.

ROMANIA

During World War II, Romania administrated three governorates: Bessarabia Governorate , Bukovina Governorate and Transnistria Governorate .

VATICAN CITY

Under the Fundamental Law of Vatican City State , the pope 's executive authority for Vatican City is exercised by the Governorate for Vatican City State. The President of Vatican City's legislative body is _ex officio _ the President of the Governorate. The other key officers of the Governorate are the General Secretary and the Vice General Secretary. All three officers are appointed by the pope for five-year terms.

REFERENCES

* ^ Pope John Paul II (November 26, 2000). "Fundamental Law of Vatican City State" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-23.

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

ENGLISH TERMS

COMMON ENGLISH TERMS1

AREA

* Insular area * Local government area * Protected area * Special area

* Statistical area

* Combined statistical area * Metropolitan statistical area * Micropolitan statistical area

* Urban area

CANTON Half-canton

BOROUGH

* County borough * Metropolitan borough

CAPITAL

* Federal capital * _Imperial capital _

CITY

* City state * Autonomous city * Charter city * Independent city * Incorporated city * _ Imperial city _ * _ Free imperial city _ * _ Royal free city _

COMMUNITY

* Autonomous community * Residential community

COUNTY

* Administrative county * Autonomous county * Consolidated city-county

* Metropolitan county

* Non-metropolitan

* Viscountcy

COUNTRY

* Overseas country

DEPARTMENT

* Overseas department

DISTRICT

* Capital district * City district * Congressional district * Electoral district * Federal district * Indian government district * Land district

* Metropolitan district

* Non-metropolitan district

* Military district * Municipal district * Police district * Regional district * Rural district * Sanitary district * Subdistrict * Urban district * Special district

DIVISION

* Census division * Police division * Subdivision

MUNICIPALITY

* County municipality

* Norway * Nova Scotia * Regional county municipality

* Direct-controlled municipality * District municipality * Mountain resort municipality * Neutral municipality * Regional municipality * Resort municipality * Rural municipality * Specialized municipality

PREFECTURE

* Autonomous prefecture * Subprefecture * Super-prefecture * _ Praetorian prefecture _

PROVINCE

* Autonomous province * _ Overseas province _ * _ Roman province _

REGION

* Administrative region * Autonomous region * Capital region * Development region * Economic region * Mesoregion * Microregion * Overseas region * Planning region * Special administrative region * Statistical region * Subregion

RESERVE

* Biosphere reserve * Ecological reserve * Game reserve * Indian reserve * Nature reserve

STATE

* Federal state * Free state * _ Sovereign state _

TERRITORY

* Capital territory

* Federal capital territory

* Dependent territory * Federal territory * Military territory * Organized incorporated territory * Overseas territory * Union territory * Unorganized territory

TOWN

* Census town * Market town

TOWNSHIP

* Charter township * Civil township * Paper township * Survey township * Urban township

UNIT

* Autonomous territorial unit * Local administrative unit * Municipal unit * Regional unit

ZONE

* Economic zone

* Exclusive economic zone * Free economic zone * Special economic zone

* Free-trade zone * Neutral zone * Self-administered zone

OTHER ENGLISH TERMS

CURRENT

* Alpine resort * Bailiwick

* Banner

* Autonomous

* Block * Cadastre * Circle * Circuit * Colony * Commune * Condominium * Constituency * Duchy * Eldership * Emirate * Federal dependency * Governorate * Hamlet * Ilkhanate * Indian reservation

* Manor

* Royal

* Muftiate * Neighbourhood * Parish * Periphery * Precinct * Principality * Protectorate * Quarter * Regency * Autonomous republic * Riding

* Sector

* Autonomous

* Shire * Sultanate * Suzerainty * Townland

* Village

* Administrative * Summer

* Ward *

HISTORICAL

* Agency * Barony * Burgh * Exarchate * Hide * Hundred * Imperial Circle * March * Monthon * Presidency * Residency * Roman diocese * Seat * Tenth * Tithing

NON-ENGLISH OR LOANWORDS

CURRENT

* Amt * Bakhsh * Barangay * Bezirk * Regierungsbezirk * Comune * Frazione * Fu * Gemeinde * Județ

* Kunta / kommun

* Finland * Sweden

* Län * Località * Megye * Muban

* Oblast

* Autonomous

* Okrug * Ostān * Poblacion * Purok * Shahrestān * Sum * Sýsla * Tehsil * Vingtaine

HISTORICAL

* Commote * Gau * Heerlijkheid * Köping * Maalaiskunta

* Nome

* Egypt * Greece

* Pagus * Pargana * Plasă * Satrapy * Subah * Syssel * Zhou

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Arabic terms for country subdivisions

FIRST-LEVEL

* Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) * Wilayah (ولاية province) * Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) * Imarah (إمارة emirate) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

SECOND / THIRD-LEVEL

* Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Qadaa (قضاء district) * Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) * Markaz (مركز district) * Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") * Daerah / Daïra (دائرة circle) * Liwa (لواء banner / _sanjak _)

CITY / TOWNSHIP-LEVEL

* Amanah (أمانة municipality) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) * Mahallah (محلة) * Qarya (قرية) * Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

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French terms for country subdivisions

* arrondissement * département * préfecture * subprefectures

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Greek terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis § / diamerisma § / periphereia * nomos § / periphereiaki enotita * demos / eparchia § / koinotita §

HISTORICAL

* archontia/archontaton * bandon * demos * despotaton * dioikesis * doukaton * droungos * eparchia * exarchaton * katepanikion * kephalatikion * kleisoura * meris * naukrareia * satrapeia * strategis * thema * toparchia * tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

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Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

REGIONAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Estado * Distrito federal * Província * Região * Distrito * Comarca * _Capitania_

LOCAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Município * Concelho * Freguesia * Comuna * Circunscrição

SETLEMENTS

* Cidade * Vila * Aldeia * Bairro * Lugar

* Historical subdivisions in _italics_.

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Slavic terms for country subdivisions

CURRENT

* dzielnica * gmina * krai * kraj * krajina / pokrajina * městys * obec * oblast / oblast\' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast\' * okręg * okres * okrug * opština / općina / občina / obshtina * osiedle * powiat / povit * raion * selsoviet / silrada * sołectwo * voivodeship / vojvodina * županija

HISTORICAL

* darugha * gromada * guberniya / gubernia * jurydyka * khutor * obshchina * okolia * opole * pogost * prowincja * sorok * srez * starostwo / starostva * uyezd * volost * ziemia * župa

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Spanish terms for country subdivisions

NATIONAL, FEDERAL

* Comunidad autónoma * Departamento * Distrito federal * Estado * Provincia * Región

REGIONAL, METROPOLITAN

* Cantón * Comarca * Comuna * Corregimiento * Delegación * Distrito * Mancomunidad * _ Merindad _ * Municipalidad * Municipio

* Parroquia

* Ecuador * Spain

URBAN, RURAL

* Aldea * Alquería * _Anteiglesia _

* Asentamiento

* Asentamiento informal * Pueblos jóvenes

* Barrio * Campamento * Caserío

* Ciudad

* Ciudad autónoma

* Colonia * Lugar * Masía * Población * Ranchería * Sitio * Vereda * Villa * Village (Pueblito/Pueblo)

* Historical subdivisions in _italics_.

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Turkish terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* il (province) * ilçe (district) * şehir (city) * kasaba (town) * belediye (municipality) * belde (community) * köy (village) * mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

HISTORICAL

* ağalık (feudal district) * bucak (subdistrict) * beylerbeylik (province) * kadılık (subprovince) * kaza (sub-province) * hidivlik (viceroyalty) * mutasarrıflık (subprovince) * nahiye (nahiyah) * paşalık (province) * reya (Romanian principalities) * sancak (prefecture) * vilayet (province) * voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in _italics_. See also: Census division , Electoral district , Political division , and List of administrative divisions by country

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* GND : 4157964-1

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