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The Governor
Governor
of California
California
is the head of government of the State of California
California
The governor is the chief executive of the Government of the State of California
State of California
and the commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California
California
State Military Reserve. Established in the California
California
State Constitution, the governor's responsibilities also include making annual State of the State address to the California
California
State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced. The position was created in 1849, the year before California
California
became a state. The current governor is Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
who was inaugurated January 3, 2011, and who had previously served as governor from 1975 to 1983. In October 2013, Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
surpassed Earl Warren
Earl Warren
for the longest cumulative period of time served as governor.

Contents

1 Gubernatorial elections, oath, and term of office

1.1 Gubernatorial removal

1.1.1 Impeachment
Impeachment
and removal by the legislature 1.1.2 Recall by the voters

2 Relationship with Lieutenant Governor
Governor
of California 3 Gubernatorial facts

3.1 Age and longevity 3.2 Transition events 3.3 Presidential campaigns

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Gubernatorial elections, oath, and term of office[edit] See also: List of Governors of California Governors are elected by popular ballot and serve terms of four years, with a limit of two terms, if served after November 6, 1990.[2] Governors take the following oath:

I (Governor) do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California
California
against all enemies foreign and domestic, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California, that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter.

Governors take office on the first Monday after January 1 after their election. Gubernatorial removal[edit] There are two methods available to remove a governor before the expiration of the gubernatorial term of office. Impeachment
Impeachment
and removal by the legislature[edit] The governor can be impeached for "misconduct in office" by the State Assembly and removed by a two-thirds vote of the State Senate. Recall by the voters[edit] Petitions signed by California
California
state voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor (with signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county) can launch a gubernatorial recall election. The voters can then vote on whether or not to recall the incumbent governor, and on the same ballot they can vote a potential replacement. If a majority of the voters in the election vote to recall the governor, then the person who gains a plurality of the votes in the replacement race will become governor. The 2003 California recall
2003 California recall
began with a petition drive that successfully forced sitting Democratic Governor
Governor
Gray Davis
Gray Davis
into a special recall election. It marked the first time in the history of California
California
that a governor faced a recall election. He was subsequently voted out of office, becoming the second governor in the history of the United States to be recalled after Lynn Frazier
Lynn Frazier
of North Dakota in 1921. He was replaced by Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger. Relationship with Lieutenant Governor
Governor
of California[edit]

Governor-elect Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
(left) and Governor
Governor
Gray Davis (right) with President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2003

The Lieutenant Governor
Governor
of California
California
is separately elected during the same election, not jointly as the running mate of the gubernatorial candidate. California
California
has had a governor and a lieutenant governor of different parties 26 of the past 31 years. This occasionally becomes significant, since the California
California
Constitution provides that all the powers of the governor fall to the lieutenant governor whenever the governor is not in the state of California, with the lieutenant governor often signing or vetoing legislation, or making political appointments, whenever the governor leaves the state. The lieutenant governor is also the President of the California
California
State Senate. In practice, there is a gentlemen's agreement for the Lieutenant Governor not to perform more than perfunctory duties while the Governor
Governor
is away from the state. This agreement was violated when Mike Curb
Mike Curb
was in office, as he signed several executive orders at odds with the Brown administration when Brown was out of the state. Court rulings have upheld the lieutenant governor's right to perform the duties and assume all of the prerogatives of governor while the governor is out of the state.[3] Gubernatorial facts[edit] Age and longevity[edit]

Peter Burnett
Peter Burnett
had the longest post-governorship, 44 years. He left office in 1851 and died in 1895. Excluding governors who died in office, Robert Waterman had the shortest post-governorship. He died on April 12, 1891, a short three months and four days after the expiration of his term. Sworn in at the age of 30, J. Neely Johnson
J. Neely Johnson
was the youngest governor from 1856 to 1858. Sworn in at the age of 72, Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
became the oldest governor in 2011. Earl Warren
Earl Warren
was the only governor to serve more than two consecutive terms in office (1943–1953).

Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
previously served as governor for eight years (1975–1983) and returned to office 28 years later to serve as the incumbent governor (since 2011).

Milton Latham
Milton Latham
served the shortest term in office of five days (January 9–14, 1860). Of the 38 governors who held office, seven of them were born in California
California
(six of them after statehood):

One (Romualdo Pacheco) was born in Santa Barbara. Four (George Pardee, James Rolph, Pat Brown, and Jerry Brown) were born in San Francisco. One (Hiram Johnson) was born in Sacramento. One (Earl Warren) was born in Los Angeles.

Two governors were not born in the United States:

John G. Downey
John G. Downey
was born in Ireland. Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
was born in Austria.

Only two governors have died in office:

Washington Bartlett
Washington Bartlett
on September 12, 1887 James Rolph
James Rolph
on June 2, 1934

Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
had the longest life-span of any governor, 93 years. J. Neely Johnson
J. Neely Johnson
had the shortest life-span of any governor, 47 years. Both governors who died in office, Washington Bartlett
Washington Bartlett
in 1887 and James Rolph
James Rolph
in 1934, served as Mayor of San Francisco
San Francisco
shortly before becoming governor. Two governors are related:

Pat Brown
Pat Brown
(1959–1967) was the father of twice-governor Jerry Brown (1975–1983, 2011 to present).

Transition events[edit]

Milton Latham

6th Governor
Governor
(1860)

Five governors have resigned:

Peter Burnett
Peter Burnett
in 1851 "as a result of certain personal prejudices" in favor of slavery[4] Milton Latham
Milton Latham
in 1860 to become a United States Senator Newton Booth
Newton Booth
in 1875 to become a United States Senator Hiram Johnson
Hiram Johnson
in 1917 to become a United States Senator Earl Warren
Earl Warren
in 1953 to become Chief Justice of the United States

One governor has been recalled:

Gray Davis
Gray Davis
in 2003

Seven governors took office without being elected to the governor's seat, having been elected as lieutenant governor and then ascending from that position:

Four of them did not run to succeed themselves, and were never elected governor:

John McDougal in 1851 John G. Downey
John G. Downey
in 1860 Romualdo Pacheco
Romualdo Pacheco
in 1875 Robert Waterman in 1887

The other three later ran for governor, and were elected to succeed themselves as governor:

William Stephens
William Stephens
in 1917 Frank Merriam
Frank Merriam
in 1934 Goodwin Knight
Goodwin Knight
in 1953

One governor has served two terms, and was elected to a non-consecutive third term (followed by a fourth term):

Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
in 2010 (Brown and George Deukmejian
George Deukmejian
are the most recent living former governors of California
California
who were elected to two terms before the term limits were enacted on November 6, 1990)

Presidential campaigns[edit]

Ronald Reagan

33rd Governor
Governor
(1967–1975) 40th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1981–1989)

One former governor of California
California
won his party's nomination and was elected President of the United States:

Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in 1980 and 1984 (Republican)

Five governors actively sought the nomination of their party, but were unsuccessful:

Hiram Johnson
Hiram Johnson
in 1920 and 1924 (Republican) Pat Brown
Pat Brown
in 1960 (Democratic) Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
in 1976, 1980 and 1992 (Democratic) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in 1968 and 1976 (Republican) Pete Wilson
Pete Wilson
in 1996 (Republican)

Two governors were nominated for Vice President, but their ticket lost the election:

Hiram Johnson
Hiram Johnson
(Ran with Theodore Roosevelt, Progressive, 1912) Earl Warren
Earl Warren
(Ran with Thomas Dewey, Republican, 1948)

Two governors did not run for president, but were under serious consideration by their party's nominee during their governorship to be their running mate for the office of Vice President, but were not chosen:

George Deukmejian
George Deukmejian
(George H.W. Bush, Republican, 1988) declined being considered because of his vast ideological differences with Lieutenant Governor
Governor
Leo McCarthy, who would have become governor if Deukmejian accepted the nomination and was elected to the Vice Presidency.[5] Gray Davis
Gray Davis
(Al Gore, Democratic, 2000)

One unsuccessful candidate for governor of California
California
was elected President of the United States:

Former Vice President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
was the Republican nominee for Governor
Governor
of California
California
in 1962, and lost to Democrat Pat Brown. Nixon later was elected president in 1968 and reelected in 1972 (Republican).

See also[edit]

Biography portal California
California
portal Politics portal United States portal

Book: Governors of California

List of Governors of California List of Governors of California
List of Governors of California
before admission Politics of California Politics of California
Politics of California
before 1900 Spouses of the Governors of California

References[edit]

^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor
Governor
Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2016.  ^ Shelley, Kevin (October 2003). "Summary of Qualifications and Requirements for the Office of Governor" (PDF). California
California
Secretary of State Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2009.  ^ In re Governorship, 26 Cal.3d 110, 401 (Supreme Court of California 1979) (“we conclude that the Lieutenant Governor
Governor
has authority to exercise all gubernatorial powers of appointment while the Governor
Governor
is physically absent from the state and that the Governor
Governor
has authority to withdraw the appointment until the confirmation of appointment becomes effective.”). ^ Alastair Dallas (June 5, 2004). "Governors of California: 1849–2003". familydallas.com. Archived from the original on March 8, 2005. Retrieved March 10, 2016.  ^ "Californian Removes Himself From Running for No. 2 Spot". The New York Times. August 5, 1988. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Governors of California.

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Elections in California

General

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Governor

1849 1851 1853 1855 1857 1859 1861 1863 1867 1871 1875 1879 1882 1886 1890 1894 1898 1902 1906 1910 1914 1918 1922 1926 1930 1934 1938 1942 1946 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2003* 2006 2010 2014 2018

Lieutenant Governor

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Mayoral

Los Angeles

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San Diego

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San Francisco

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State Senate

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State Assembly

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U.S. President

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California
California
statewide elected officials

Governor Lieutenant Governor Attorney General Secretary of State Treasurer Controller Insurance Commissioner Superintendent of Public Instruction

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President of the United States: Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(R)

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AS Moliga (D)

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MP Torres (R)

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VI Mapp (I)

Political party affiliations:

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