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The GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINES (Spanish : _Gobernador-General de Filipinas_; Filipino : _Gobernador-Heneral ng Pilipinas_; Japanese : フィリピン総督 (_Firipin sōtoku_);) was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines , governed mainly by Spain (1565–1898) and the United States (1898–1946) , and briefly by Great Britain (1762–1764) and Japan (1942–1945) . They were also the representative of the executive of the ruling power.

On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was established as a transitional government to prepare the country for independence from the American control. The governor-general was replaced by an elected Filipino "President of the Philippine Commonwealth ", as the chief executive of the Philippines, taking over many of the duties of the Governor-General. The former American Governor-General then became known as the High Commissioner to the Philippines .

CONTENTS

* 1 Under New Spain (1565–1761) * 2 British Occupation of Manila (1761–1764) * 3 Under New Spain (1764–1821) * 4 Direct Spanish control (1821–1898) * 5 United States Military Government (1898–1901) * 6 Insular Government (1901–1935) * 7 High Commissioner to the Philippines (1935–42 and 1945–46) * 8 Japanese military governors (1942–1945)

* 9 Timelines

* 9.1 1750–1800 * 9.2 1800–1850 * 9.3 1850–1900 * 9.4 1900–1950

* 10 See also * 11 Notes * 12 References

UNDER NEW SPAIN (1565–1761)

From 1565 to 1898, the Philippines was under Spanish rule. From 1565–1821, The governor and captain-general was appointed by the Viceroy of New Spain upon recommendation of the Spanish Cortes and governed on behalf of the Monarch of Spain . When there was a vacancy (e.g. death, or during the transitional period between governors), the Royal Audiencia in Manila appoints a temporary governor from among its members.

After 1821, the country was no longer under the Viceroyalty of New Spain (present-day Mexico) and administrative affairs formerly handled by New Spain were transferred to Madrid and placed directly under the Spanish Crown.

_Ad interim_ _Real Audiencia _

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL MONARCH

1

Miguel López de Legazpi April 27, 1565 August 20, 1572

Philip II (25 July 1554 – 13 September 1598)

2

Guido de Lavezaris August 20, 1572 August 25, 1575

3

Francisco de Sande August 25, 1575 April 1580

4

Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa April 1580 March 10, 1583

5

Diego Ronquillo March 10, 1583 May 16, 1584

6

Santiago de Vera May 16, 1584 May 1590

7

Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas June 1, 1590 October 25, 1593

8

Pedro de Rojas October 1593 December 3, 1593

9

Luís Pérez Dasmariñas December 3, 1593 July 14, 1596

10

Francisco de Tello de Guzmán July 14, 1596 May 1602

Philip III (13 September 1598 – 31 March 1621)

11

Pedro Bravo de Acuña May 1602 June 24, 1606

12

Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza (_Real Audiencia_) June 24, 1606 June 15, 1608

13

Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia June 15, 1608 April 1609

14

Juan de Silva April 1609 April 19, 1616

15

Andrés Alcaraz (_Real Audiencia_) April 19, 1616 July 3, 1618

16

Alonso Fajardo de Entenza July 3, 1618 July 1624

Philip IV (31 March 1621 – 17 September 1665)

17

Jeronimo de Silva (_Real Audiencia_) July 1624 June 1625

18

Fernándo de Silva July 1624 June 29, 1626

19

Juan Niño de Tabora June 29, 1626 July 22, 1632

20

Lorenzo de Olaza y Lecubarri (_Real Audiencia_) July 22, 1632 1633

21

Juan Cerezo de Salamanca August 29, 1633 June 25, 1635

22

Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera June 25, 1635 August 11, 1644

23

Diego Fajardo Chacón August 11, 1644 July 25, 1653

24

Sabiniano Manrique de Lara July 25, 1653 September 8, 1663

25

Diego de Salcedo September 8, 1663 September 28, 1668

Charles II (17 September 1665 – 1 November 1700)

26

Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz September 28, 1668 September 24, 1669

27

Manuel de León September 24, 1669 September 21, 1677

28

Francisco Coloma y Maceda (_Real Audiencia_) April 11, 1677 September 25, 1677

29

Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla (_Real Audiencia_) September 21, 1677 September 28, 1678

30

Juan de Vargas y Hurtado September 28, 1678 August 24, 1684

31

Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola August 24, 1684 April 1689

32

Alonso de Avila Fuertes (_Real Audiencia_) April 1689 July 1690

33

Fausto Cruzat y Gongora July 25, 1690 December 8, 1701

Philip V

November 1700 – 15 January 1724

34

Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri December 8, 1701 August 25, 1709

35

Martín de Urzúa y Arizmendi , count of Lizárraga August 25, 1709 February 4, 1715

36

José Torralba (_Real Audiencia_) February 4, 1715 August 9, 1717

37

Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda August 9, 1717 October 11, 1719

-

Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta (_acting_) October 11, 1719 August 6, 1721

38

Toribio José Cosio y Campo August 6, 1721 August 14, 1729

Louis I

(15 January – 31 August 1724)

Philip V

(6 September 1724 – 9 July 1746)

39

Fernándo Valdés y Tamon August 14, 1729 July 1739

40

Gaspar de la Torre July 1739 September 21, 1745

-

Archbishop Juan Arrechederra (_acting_) September 21, 1745 July 20, 1750

Ferdinand VI

(9 July 1746 – 10 August 1759)

41

Francisco José de Ovando, 1st Marquis of Brindisi July 20, 1750 July 26, 1754

42

Pedro Manuel de Arandía Santisteban July 26, 1754 May 31, 1759

-

Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta (_acting_) June 1759 May 31, 1761

Charles III

(10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788)

-

Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Río y Vieyra (_acting_) July 1761 October 6, 1762

Charles III

BRITISH OCCUPATION OF MANILA (1761–1764)

Great Britain occupied Manila and the naval port of Cavite as part of the Seven Years\' War .

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL MONARCH

43 _ Simón de Anda y Salazar _ (_Provisional Government in Bacolor, Pampanga _) _October 6, 1762_ _February 10, 1764_

Charles III

44

Dawsonne Drake November 2, 1762 May 31, 1764

George III

UNDER NEW SPAIN (1764–1821)

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL MONARCH

45

Francisco Javier de la Torre March 17, 1764 July 6, 1765

Charles III

46

José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez July 6, 1765 July 1770

(43)

Simón de Anda y Salazar July 1770 October 30, 1776

47

Pedro de Sarrio October 30, 1776 July 1778

48

José Basco y Vargas July 1778 September 22, 1787

(47)

Pedro de Sarrio September 22, 1787 July 1, 1788

49

Félix Berenguer de Marquina July 1, 1788 September 1, 1793

Charles IV

50

Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León September 1, 1793 August 7, 1806

51

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras August 7, 1806 March 4, 1810

Ferdinand VII

Joseph Bonaparte

52 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar March 4, 1810 September 4, 1813

53

José Gardoqui Jaraveitia September 4, 1813 December 10, 1816

Ferdinand VII

(51)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras December 10, 1816 September 15, 1821

DIRECT SPANISH CONTROL (1821–1898)

After the 1821 Mexican War of Independence , Mexico became independent and was no longer part of the Spanish Empire. The Viceroyalty of New Spain ceased to exist. The Philippines, as a result, was directly governed from Madrid , under the Crown.

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL MONARCH

(51)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras September 16, 1821 October 30, 1822

Ferdinand VII

54

Juan Antonio Martínez October 30, 1822 October 14, 1825

55

Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca October 14, 1825 December 23, 1830

56

Pasqual Enrile y Alcedo December 23, 1830 March 1, 1835

Isabella II

57

Gabriel de Torres March 1, 1835 April 23, 1835

58

Joaquín de Crámer April 23, 1835 September 9, 1835

59

Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona September 9, 1835 August 27, 1837

60

Andrés García Camba August 27, 1837 December 29, 1838

61

Luis Lardizábal December 29, 1838 February 14, 1841

62

Marcelino de Oraá February 14, 1841 June 17, 1843

63

Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre June 17, 1843 July 16, 1844

64

Narciso Clavería, 1st Count of Manila July 16, 1844 December 26, 1849

65

Antonio María Blanco December 26, 1849 July 29, 1850

66

Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía July 29, 1850 December 20, 1853

67

Ramón Montero y Blandino December 20, 1853 February 2, 1854

68

Manuel Pavía, 1st Marquis of Novaliches February 2, 1854 October 28, 1854

(67)

Ramón Montero y Blandino October 28, 1854 November 20, 1854

69

Manuel Crespo y Cebrían November 20, 1854 December 5, 1856

(67)

Ramón Montero y Blandino December 5, 1856 March 9, 1857

70

Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero March 9, 1857 January 12, 1860

71

Ramón María Solano y Llanderal January 12, 1860 August 29, 1860

72

Juan Herrera Dávila August 29, 1860 February 2, 1861

73

José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y González February 2, 1861 July 7, 1862

74

Salvador Valdés July 7, 1862 July 9, 1862

75

Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham July 9, 1862 March 24, 1865

76

Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez March 24, 1865 April 25, 1865

77

Juan de Lara e Irigoyen April 25, 1865 July 13, 1866

78

José Laureano de Sanz y Posse July 13, 1866 September 21, 1866

79

Juan Antonio Osorio September 21, 1866 September 27, 1866

(76)

Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez September 27, 1866 October 26, 1866

80

José de la Gándara y Navarro October 26, 1866 June 7, 1869

No Monarch

81

Manuel Maldonado June 7, 1869 June 23, 1869

82

Carlos María de la Torre y Navacerrada June 23, 1869 April 4, 1871

Amadeo I (December 16, 1870 – February 11, 1873)

83

Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez April 4, 1871 January 8, 1873

84

Manuel MacCrohon January 8, 1873 January 24, 1873

85

Juan Alaminos y Vivar January 24, 1873 March 17, 1874

No Monarch

-

Manuel Blanco Valderrama (_acting_) March 17, 1874 June 18, 1874

86

José Malcampo y Monje June 18, 1874 February 28, 1877

Alfonso XII (December 29, 1874 – November 25, 1885)

87

Domingo Moriones y Murillo February 28, 1877 March 20, 1880

88

Rafael Rodríguez Arias March 20, 1880 April 15, 1880

89

Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella April 15, 1880 March 10, 1883

-

Emilio Molíns 1st term, (_acting_) March 10, 1883 April 7, 1883

90

Joaquín Jovellar April 7, 1883 April 1, 1885

-

Emilio Molíns 2nd term, (_acting_) April 1, 1885 April 4, 1885

91

Emilio Terrero y Perinat April 4, 1885 April 25, 1888

Alfonso XIII (May 17, 1886)

-

Antonio Moltó (_acting_) April 25, 1888 June 4, 1888

-

Federico Lobatón (_acting_) June 4, 1888 June 5, 1888

92

Valeriano Wéyler June 5, 1888 November 17, 1891

93

Eulogio Despujol November 17, 1891 March 1, 1893

-

Federico Ochando (_acting_) March 1, 1893 May 4, 1893

94

Ramón Blanco, 1st Marquis of Peña Plata May 4, 1893 December 13, 1896

-

Camilo de Polavieja, 1st Marquis of Polavieja (_acting_) December 13, 1896 April 15, 1897

-

José de Lachambre (_acting_) April 15, 1897 April 23, 1897

95

Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella April 23, 1897 April 11, 1898

96

Basilio Augustín April 11, 1898 July 24, 1898

-

Fermín Jáudenes (_acting_) July 24, 1898 August 13, 1898

- _ Francisco Rizzo _ (_acting_) _August 13, 1898_ _September 1898_

- _ Diego Delos Rios _ (_acting_) _September 1898_ _June 3, 1899_

UNITED STATES MILITARY GOVERNMENT (1898–1901)

See also: United States Military Government of the Philippine Islands

The American military government was established following the defeat of Spain in the Spanish–American War . During the transition period, executive authority in all civil affairs in the Philippine government was exercised by the military governor.

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL PRESIDENT

1

Wesley Merritt August 14, 1898 August 30, 1898

William McKinley

2

Elwell S. Otis August 28, 1898 May 5, 1900

3

Arthur MacArthur, Jr. May 5, 1900 July 4, 1901

4

Adna Chaffee July 4, 1901 July 4, 1902

INSULAR GOVERNMENT (1901–1935)

See also: Insular Government

On July 4, 1901, executive authority over the islands was transferred to the president of the Second Philippine Commission who had the title of _Civil Governor_, a position appointed by the President of the United States and approved by the United States Senate . For the first year, a _Military Governor_, Adna Chaffee, ruled parts of the country still resisting the American rule, concurrent with civil governor, William Howard Taft. Disagreements between the two were not uncommon. The following year, on July 4, 1902, Taft became the sole executive authority. Chaffee remained as commander of Philippine Division until September 30, 1902.

The title was changed to _Governor General_ in 1905 by an act of Congress (Public 43 - February 6, 1905). The term "insular" (from _insulam_, the Latin word for _island_) refers to U.S. ISLAND territories that are not incorporated into either a state or a federal district. All insular areas was under the authority of the U.S. Bureau of Insular Affairs , a division of the US War Department .

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL PRESIDENT

1

William Howard Taft July 4, 1901 February 1, 1904

William McKinley To September 1901

Theodore Roosevelt From September 1901

2

Luke Edward Wright February 1, 1904 November 3, 1905

Theodore Roosevelt

3

Henry Clay Ide November 3, 1905 September 19, 1906

4

James Francis Smith September 20, 1906 November 11, 1909

5

William Cameron Forbes November 11, 1909 September 1, 1913

William Howard Taft

-

Newton W. Gilbert (_Acting Governor-General_) September 1, 1913 October 6, 1913 Charles Yeater (_Acting Governor-General_) March 5, 1921 October 14, 1921 Eugene Allen Gilmore (_Acting Governor-General_) August 7, 1927 December 27, 1927

Calvin Coolidge

8 Eugene Allen Gilmore (_Acting Governor-General_) February 23, 1929 July 8, 1929

Herbert Hoover

9

Dwight F. Davis July 8, 1929 January 9, 1932

-

George C. Butte (_Acting Governor-General_) January 9, 1932 February 29, 1932

10

Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. February 29, 1932 July 15, 1933

11

Frank Murphy July 15, 1933 November 14, 1935 Became High Commissioner to the Philippines Franklin D. Roosevelt

HIGH COMMISSIONER TO THE PHILIPPINES (1935–42 AND 1945–46)

See also: High Commissioner to the Philippines

On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was inaugurated as a transitional government to prepare the country for independence. The office of President of the Philippine Commonwealth replaced the Governor-General as the country's chief executive . The Governor-General became the High Commissioner of the Philippines with Frank Murphy , the last governor-general, as the first high commissioner. The High Commissioner exercised no executive power but rather represented the colonial power, the United States Government, in the Philippines. The high commissioner moved from Malacañang Palace to the newly built High Commissioner's Residence, now the Embassy of the United States in Manila .

After the Philippine independence on July 4, 1946, the last High Commissioner, Paul McNutt , became the first United States Ambassador to the Philippines .

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL PRESIDENT

1

Frank Murphy November 14, 1935 1937

Franklin D. Roosevelt

2

Paul V. McNutt 1937 1939

3

Francis Bowes Sayre, Sr. 1939 1942

4

Paul V. McNutt 1945 1946 Following Philippine independence became 1st U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines Harry S Truman

JAPANESE MILITARY GOVERNORS (1942–1945)

In December 1941, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was invaded by Japan as part of World War II . The next year, the Empire of Japan sent a military governor to control the country during wartime, followed by the formal establishment of the puppet second republic .

# PICTURE NAME FROM UNTIL EMPEROR

1

Masaharu Homma January 3, 1942 June 8, 1942

Emperor Hirohito

2

Shizuichi Tanaka June 8, 1942 May 28, 1943

3

Shigenori Kuroda May 28, 1943 September 26, 1944

4

Tomoyuki Yamashita September 26, 1944 September 2, 1945

TIMELINES

1750–1800

1800–1850

1850–1900

1900–1950

SEE ALSO

* New Spain portal * Philippines portal * Spain portal

* Audiencia * List of Viceroys of New Spain * Spanish Empire * History of the Philippines * Military History of the Philippines * United States Territory * Governor-General * Lists of office-holders

NOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Peterson 2007 , p. 11. * ^ Halstead, Murat (1898). _The Story of the Philippines and Our New Possessions, Including the Ladrones, Hawaii, Cuba and Porto Rico_. p. 116. * ^ Tucker, Spencer (2009). _The Encyclopedia of the Spanish–American and Philippine–American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History_. ABC-CLIO. p. 457. ISBN 978-1-85109-951-1 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Elliott (1917) , p. 509 * ^ Elliott (1917) , p. 4 * ^ Tanner (1901) , p. 383 * ^ Philippine Academy of Social Sciences (1967). _Philippine social sciences and humanities review_. pp. 40. * ^ "Island - from English to Latin". Google Translate. Retrieved on 2013=08-07. * ^ "Definitions of Insular Area Political Organizations". U.S. Department of the Interior. * ^ "Insular". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved on 2013-08-07. * ^ Cahoon (2000)

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to GOVERNORS-GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINES _.

REFERENCES

* Governors of the Philippines * Cahoon, Ben (2000). "Philippines". World's Statesmen. * Don Peterson (2007-2nd Qtr), 1898: Five Philippine Governors-General Serve Rapid Fire Terms, Philippine Philatelic Journal. * Tanner, Dr. J.M. (1901-11). Improvement Era Vol.5 No. 1. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. * Elliott, Charles Burke (1917). The Philippines: To the End of the Commission Government, a Study in Tropical Democracy. The Bobbs-Merrill Company.

* v * t * e

Governors-General of the Philippines

* v * t * e

Spanish Governors-General of the Philippines

1565–1898

Under the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1565–1821)

* Miguel López de Legazpi * Guido de Lavezaris * Francisco de Sande * Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa * Diego Ronquillo * Santiago de Vera * Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas * Pedro de Rojas * Luis Pérez Dasmariñas * Francisco Tello de Guzmán * Pedro Bravo de Acuña * Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza * Count of Valle de Orizaba * Juan de Silva * Andrés Alcaraz * Alonso Fajardo * Jeronimo de Silva * Fernándo de Silva * Juan Niño de Tabora * Lorenzo de Olaza * Juan Cerezo de Salamanca * Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera * Diego Fajardo * Sabiniano Manrique de Lara * Diego de Salcedo * Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz * Manuel de León * Francisco Coloma * Francisco Sotomayor * Juan de Vargas * Gabriel de Curuzealegui * Alonso de Ávila Fuertes * Fausto Cruzat y Góngora * Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri * Martín de Urzua y Arismendi * José Torralba * Fernando Bustamante * _ Francisco de la Cuesta _ * Toribio José Cosio * Fernándo Valdés * Gaspar de la Torre * _ Juan de Arechederra _ * Marquis of Brindisi and Ovando * Pedro Manuel de Arandía * _ Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta _ * _Manuel Rojo _ * Simón de Anda * Francisco Javier de la Torre * José Antonio Raón * Simón de Anda * Pedro de Sarrio * José Basco * Pedro de Sarrio * Félix Berenguer de Marquina * Rafael María de Aguilar * Mariano Fernández de Folgueras * Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar * José Gardoqui Jaraveitia * Mariano Fernández de Folgueras

Under Spain (1821–1898)

* Mariano Fernández de Folgueras * Juan Antonio Martínez * Mariano Ricafort * Pasqual Enrile * Gabriel de Torres * Joaquín de Crámer * Pedro Antonio Salazar * Andrés García Camba * Luis Lardizábal * Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri * Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre * Narciso Clavería * Antonio María Blanco * Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo * Ramón Montero * Manuel Pavía * Ramón Montero * Manuel Crespo * Ramón Montero * Fernándo Norzagaray * Ramón María Solano * Juan Herrera Dávila * José Lemery * Salvador Valdés * Rafael de Echague * Joaquín del Solar * Juan de Lara * José Laureano de Sanz * Juan Antonio Osorio * Joaquín del Solar * José de la Gándara * Manuel Maldonado * Cárlos María de la Torre * Rafael de Izquierdo * Manuel MacCrohon * Juan Alaminos * Manuel Blanco Valderrama * Marquis of San Rafael * Marquis of Oroquieta * Rafael Rodríguez Arias * Fernando Primo de Rivera * Emilio Molíns * Joaquín Jovellar * Emilio Molíns * Emilio Terrero * Antonio Molto * Federico Lobaton * Valeriano Weyler * Eulogio Despujol * Federico Ochando * Ramon Blanco * Camilo de Polavieja * José de Lachambre * Fernando Primo de Rivera * Basilio Augustín * Fermín Jáudenes * Francisco Rizzo * Diego de los Ríos

_Italics_ indicates a member of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church . Smallcaps indicates an _oidor _ of the Real Audiencia of Manila .

* v * t * e

American Governors-General of the Philippines

1898–1935

Military Government (1898–1902)

* Merritt * Otis * MacArthur * Chaffee

Insular Government (1901–1935)

* Taft * Wright * Ide * Smith * Forbes * _Gilbert _ * Harrison * _Yeater _ * Wood * _Gilmore _ * Stimson * _Gilmore _ * Davis * _Butte _ * Roosevelt * Murphy

* Smallcaps indicate military governors * _Italics_ indicate acting governors

* v * t * e

Japanese Military Governors of the Philippines

1942–1945

* Masaharu Homma * Shizuichi Tanaka * Shigenori Kuroda * Tomoyuki Yamashita

* See also Heads of state and government of the Philippines

* v * t * e

Head offices of state and government of the Philippines

CURRENT

* President

* Government recognized * Non-Government recognized

DEFUNCT

* Gobernador General ( Spain and United Kingdom ) * Military Governor / Civil Governor ( United States and Japan )

* Prime Minister

* Aguinaldo / Marcos

* Sultan

* of Lanao * of Maguindanao * of Sulu

HISTORIC (ROYAL TITLES)

* Datus * Rajahs * Lakan * Senapati * Huang * Apo * Dayang * Lakambini * Binibini

* v * t * e

Leaders of present-day Southeast Asian countries

HEADS OF STATE

* Brunei (Monarch) * Cambodia (Monarch) * East Timor (President) * Indonesia (President) (list ) * Laos (President) * Malaysia (Monarch) * Myanmar (President) (list ) * Philippines (President) (list ) * Singapore (President) * Thailand (Monarch) (list ) * Vietnam (President) (list )

HEADS OF GOVERNMENT

* Brunei * Cambodia (list ) * East Timor * Indonesia (list ) * Laos * Malaysia * Myanmar * Philippines (list ) * Singapore (list ) * Thailand (list ) * Vietnam (list )

Defunct heads of state and government

* Burma (Monarch) * Dutch East Indies (Governor-General) * Indonesia (Prime Minister) * Laos (Monarch) * Myanmar (Prime Minister) * Philippines (Governor-General) * Philippines (Prime Minister) * Vietnam (Monarch) * South Vietnam (leaders)

ASEAN

* v * t * e

Chief executives of the United States

FEDERAL

* President of the United States

State governors (current list )

* Alabama * Alaska * Arizona * Arkansas * California * Colorado * Connecticut * Delaware * Florida * Georgia * Hawaii * Idaho * Illinois * Indiana * Iowa * Kansas * Kentucky * Louisiana * Maine * Maryland * Massachusetts * Michigan * Minnesota * Mississippi * Missouri * Montana * Nebraska * Nevada * New Hampshire * New Jersey * New Mexico * New York * North Carolina * North Dakota * Ohio * Oklahoma * Oregon * Pennsylvania * Rhode Island * South Carolina * South Dakota * Tennessee * Texas * Utah * Vermont * Virginia * Washington * West Virginia * Wisconsin * Wyoming

Territorial (current list )

* American Samoa * District of Columbia * Guam * Northern Mariana Islands * Puerto Rico * United States Virgin Islands

_DEFUNCT_

* Pre-state territories * Panama Canal Zone * Cuba * Philippine Islands (until 1935) * Philippine Commonwealth (until 1946) * Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands

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