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The Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippines
Philippines
(Spanish: Gobernador-General de Filipinas; Filipino: Gobernador-Heneral ng Pilipinas; Japanese: フィリピン総督 (Firipin sōtoku);) was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines, governed mainly by Spain
Spain
(1565–1898) and the United States (1898–1946), and briefly by Great Britain (1762–1764) and Japan (1942–1945). They were also the representative of the executive of the ruling power. On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Philippines
was established as a transitional government to prepare the country for independence from the American control. The governor-general was replaced by an elected Filipino "President of the Philippine Commonwealth", as the chief executive of the Philippines, taking over many of the duties of the Governor-General. The former American Governor-General
Governor-General
then became known as the High Commissioner to the Philippines.

Contents

1 Under New Spain
Spain
(1565–1761) 2 British Occupation of Manila
Manila
(1761–1764) 3 Under New Spain
Spain
(1764–1821) 4 Direct Spanish control (1821–1898) 5 United States
United States
Military Government (1898–1902) 6 Insular Government
Insular Government
(1901–1935) 7 High Commissioner to the Philippines
Philippines
(1935–42 and 1945–46) 8 Japanese military governors (1942–1945) 9 Timelines

9.1 1750–1800 9.2 1800–1850 9.3 1850–1900 9.4 1900–1950

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References

Under New Spain
Spain
(1565–1761)[edit] From 1565 to 1898, the Philippines
Philippines
was under Spanish rule. From 1565–1821, The governor and captain-general was appointed by the Viceroy of New Spain
Viceroy of New Spain
upon recommendation of the Spanish Cortes
Spanish Cortes
and governed on behalf of the Monarch of Spain. When there was a vacancy (e.g. death, or during the transitional period between governors), the Real Audiencia in Manila
Manila
appoints a temporary governor from among its members. After 1821, the country was no longer under the Viceroyalty of New Spain
Spain
(present-day Mexico) and administrative affairs formerly handled by New Spain
Spain
were transferred to Madrid
Madrid
and placed directly under the Spanish Crown.   Ad interim   Real Audiencia

# Picture Name From Until Monarch

1

Miguel López de Legazpi April 27, 1565 August 20, 1572

Philip II (25 July 1554 – 13 September 1598)

2

Guido de Lavezaris August 20, 1572 August 25, 1575

3

Francisco de Sande August 25, 1575 April 1580

4

Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa April 1580 March 10, 1583

5

Diego Ronquillo March 10, 1583 May 16, 1584

6

Santiago de Vera May 16, 1584 May 1590

7

Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas June 1, 1590 October 25, 1593

8

Pedro de Rojas October 1593 December 3, 1593

9

Luís Pérez Dasmariñas December 3, 1593 July 14, 1596

10

Francisco de Tello de Guzmán July 14, 1596 May 1602

Philip III (13 September 1598 – 31 March 1621)

11

Pedro Bravo de Acuña May 1602 June 24, 1606

12

Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza (Real Audiencia) June 24, 1606 June 15, 1608

13

Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia June 15, 1608 April 1609

14

Juan de Silva April 1609 April 19, 1616

15

Andrés Alcaraz (Real Audiencia) April 19, 1616 July 3, 1618

16

Alonso Fajardo de Entenza July 3, 1618 July 1624

Philip IV (31 March 1621 – 17 September 1665)

17

Jeronimo de Silva (Real Audiencia) July 1624 June 1625

18

Fernándo de Silva July 1624 June 29, 1626

19

Juan Niño de Tabora June 29, 1626 July 22, 1632

20

Lorenzo de Olaza y Lecubarri (Real Audiencia) July 22, 1632 1633

21

Juan Cerezo de Salamanca August 29, 1633 June 25, 1635

22

Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera June 25, 1635 August 11, 1644

23

Diego Fajardo Chacón August 11, 1644 July 25, 1653

24

Sabiniano Manrique de Lara July 25, 1653 September 8, 1663

25

Diego de Salcedo September 8, 1663 September 28, 1668

Charles II (17 September 1665 – 1 November 1700)

26

Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz September 28, 1668 September 24, 1669

27

Manuel de León September 24, 1669 September 21, 1677

28

Francisco Coloma y Maceda (Real Audiencia) April 11, 1677 September 25, 1677

29

Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla (Real Audiencia) September 21, 1677 September 28, 1678

30

Juan de Vargas y Hurtado September 28, 1678 August 24, 1684

31

Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola August 24, 1684 April 1689

32

Alonso de Avila Fuertes (Real Audiencia) April 1689 July 1690

33

Fausto Cruzat y Gongora July 25, 1690 December 8, 1701

Philip V November 1700 – 15 January 1724

34

Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri December 8, 1701 August 25, 1709

35

Martín de Urzúa y Arizmendi, count of Lizárraga August 25, 1709 February 4, 1715

36

José Torralba (Real Audiencia) February 4, 1715 August 9, 1717

37

Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda August 9, 1717 October 11, 1719

-

Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta (acting) October 11, 1719 August 6, 1721

38

Toribio José Cosio y Campo August 6, 1721 August 14, 1729

Louis I (15 January – 31 August 1724)

Philip V (6 September 1724 – 9 July 1746)

39

Fernándo Valdés y Tamon August 14, 1729 July 1739

40

Gaspar de la Torre y Ayala July 1739 September 21, 1745

-

Archbishop Juan Arrechederra (acting) September 21, 1745 July 20, 1750

Ferdinand VI (9 July 1746 – 10 August 1759)

41

Francisco José de Ovando, 1st Marquis of Brindisi July 20, 1750 July 26, 1754

42

Pedro Manuel de Arandía Santisteban July 26, 1754 May 31, 1759

-

Bishop Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta (acting) June 1759 May 31, 1761

Charles III (10 August 1759 – 14 December 1788)

-

Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Río y Vieyra (acting) July 1761 October 6, 1762

Charles III

British Occupation of Manila
Manila
(1761–1764)[edit] After the Battle of Manila
Manila
on 1762, on a terrible loss, the Philippines
Philippines
was occupied by 2 Governors-General of the United Kingdom or the British Empire. Great Britain occupied Manila
Manila
and the naval port of Cavite as part of the Seven Years' War.

# Picture Name From Until Monarch

43

Simón de Anda y Salazar (Provisional Government in Bacolor, Pampanga) October 6, 1762 February 10, 1764

Charles III

44

Dawsonne Drake November 2, 1762 May 31, 1764

George III

Under New Spain
Spain
(1764–1821)[edit] After the British Government replaced their incumbent Governor-General of the Philippines
Philippines
and they have given the nation to Spain
Spain
one more time, Spanish Governor-General
Governor-General
Francisco Javier de la Torre
Francisco Javier de la Torre
ascended to the Seat.

# Picture Name From Until Monarch

45

Francisco Javier de la Torre March 17, 1764 July 6, 1765

Charles III

46

José Antonio Raón y Gutiérrez July 6, 1765 July 1770

(43)

Simón de Anda y Salazar July 1770 October 30, 1776

47

Pedro de Sarrio October 30, 1776 July 1778

48

José Basco y Vargas July 1778 September 22, 1787

(47)

Pedro de Sarrio September 22, 1787 July 1, 1788

49

Félix Berenguer de Marquina July 1, 1788 September 1, 1793

Charles IV

50

Rafael María de Aguilar y Ponce de León September 1, 1793 August 7, 1806

51  

  Mariano Fernández de Folgueras August 7, 1806 March 4, 1810

Ferdinand VII

Joseph Bonaparte

52 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar March 4, 1810 September 4, 1813

53

José Gardoqui Jaraveitia September 4, 1813 December 10, 1816

Ferdinand VII

(51)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras December 10, 1816 September 15, 1821

Direct Spanish control (1821–1898)[edit] After the 1821 Mexican War of Independence, Mexico became independent and was no longer part of the Spanish Empire. The Viceroyalty of New Spain
Spain
ceased to exist. The Philippines, as a result, was directly governed from Madrid, under the Crown.

# Picture Name From Until Monarch

(51)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras September 16, 1821 October 30, 1822

Ferdinand VII

54

Juan Antonio Martínez October 30, 1822 October 14, 1825

55

Mariano Ricafort Palacín y Abarca October 14, 1825 December 23, 1830

56

Pasqual Enrile y Alcedo December 23, 1830 March 1, 1835

Isabella II

57

Gabriel de Torres March 1, 1835 April 23, 1835

58

Joaquín de Crámer April 23, 1835 September 9, 1835

59

Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona September 9, 1835 August 27, 1837

60

Andrés García Camba August 27, 1837 December 29, 1838

61

Luis Lardizábal December 29, 1838 February 14, 1841

62

Marcelino de Oraá February 14, 1841 June 17, 1843

63

Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre June 17, 1843 July 16, 1844

64

Narciso Clavería, 1st Count of Manila July 16, 1844 December 26, 1849

65

Antonio María Blanco December 26, 1849 July 29, 1850

66

Antonio de Urbistondo y Eguía July 29, 1850 December 20, 1853

67

Ramón Montero y Blandino December 20, 1853 February 2, 1854

68

Manuel Pavía, 1st Marquis of Novaliches February 2, 1854 October 28, 1854

(67)

Ramón Montero y Blandino October 28, 1854 November 20, 1854

69

Manuel Crespo y Cebrían November 20, 1854 December 5, 1856

(67)

Ramón Montero y Blandino December 5, 1856 March 9, 1857

70

Fernándo Norzagaray y Escudero March 9, 1857 January 12, 1860

71

Ramón María Solano y Llanderal January 12, 1860 August 29, 1860

72

Juan Herrera Dávila August 29, 1860 February 2, 1861

73

José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney
José Lemery e Ibarrola Ney
y González February 2, 1861 July 7, 1862

74

Salvador Valdés July 7, 1862 July 9, 1862

75

Rafaél de Echagüe y Bermingham July 9, 1862 March 24, 1865

76

Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez March 24, 1865 April 25, 1865

77

Juan de Lara e Irigoyen April 25, 1865 July 13, 1866

78

José Laureano de Sanz y Posse July 13, 1866 September 21, 1866

79

Juan Antonio Osorio September 21, 1866 September 27, 1866

(76)

Joaquín del Solar e Ibáñez September 27, 1866 October 26, 1866

80

José de la Gándara y Navarro October 26, 1866 June 7, 1869

No Monarch

81

Manuel Maldonado June 7, 1869 June 23, 1869

82

Carlos María de la Torre y Navacerrada June 23, 1869 April 4, 1871

Amadeo I (December 16, 1870 – February 11, 1873)

83

Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutíerrez April 4, 1871 January 8, 1873

84

Manuel MacCrohon January 8, 1873 January 24, 1873

85

Juan Alaminos y Vivar January 24, 1873 March 17, 1874

No Monarch

-

Manuel Blanco Valderrama (acting) March 17, 1874 June 18, 1874

86

José Malcampo y Monje June 18, 1874 February 28, 1877

Alfonso XII (December 29, 1874 – November 25, 1885)

87

Domingo Moriones y Murillo February 28, 1877 March 20, 1880

88

Rafael Rodríguez Arias March 20, 1880 April 15, 1880

89

Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella April 15, 1880 March 10, 1883

-

Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns
1st term, (acting) March 10, 1883 April 7, 1883

90

Joaquín Jovellar April 7, 1883 April 1, 1885

-

Emilio Molíns
Emilio Molíns
2nd term, (acting) April 1, 1885 April 4, 1885

91

Emilio Terrero y Perinat April 4, 1885 April 25, 1888

Alfonso XIII (May 17, 1886)

-

Antonio Moltó y Díaz Berrio (acting) April 25, 1888 June 4, 1888

-

Federico Lobatón y Prieto (acting) June 4, 1888 June 5, 1888

92

Valeriano Wéyler June 5, 1888 November 17, 1891

93

Eulogio Despujol November 17, 1891 March 1, 1893

-

Federico Ochando (acting) March 1, 1893 May 4, 1893

94

Ramón Blanco, 1st Marquis of Peña Plata May 4, 1893 December 13, 1896

-

Camilo de Polavieja, 1st Marquis of Polavieja (acting) December 13, 1896 April 15, 1897

-

José de Lachambre (acting) April 15, 1897 April 23, 1897

95

Fernando Primo de Rivera, 1st Marquis of Estella April 23, 1897 April 11, 1898

96

Basilio Augustín[1] April 11, 1898 July 24, 1898

-

Fermín Jáudenes[1] (acting) July 24, 1898 August 13, 1898

-

Francisco Rizzo[1] (acting) August 13, 1898 September 1898

-

Diego de los Rios[1] (acting) September 1898 June 3, 1899

United States
United States
Military Government (1898–1902)[edit] See also: United States
United States
Military Government of the Philippine Islands The city of Manila
Manila
was captured by American expeditionary forces on 13 August 1898.[2] On 14 August 1898 the terms of the Spanish capitulation were signed. From this date, American government in the Philippines
Philippines
begins.[3] General Wesley Merritt, in accordance with the instructions of the United States
United States
President, issued a proclamation announcing the establishment of United States
United States
military rule.[4] During the transition period, executive authority in all civil affairs in the Philippine government was exercised by the military governor.

# Picture Name From Until President

1

Wesley Merritt August 14, 1898[5] August 30, 1898[6]

William McKinley

2

Elwell S. Otis August 28, 1898 May 5, 1900

3

Arthur MacArthur, Jr. May 5, 1900 July 4, 1901

4

Adna Chaffee
Adna Chaffee
[7] July 4, 1901 July 4, 1902

Insular Government
Insular Government
(1901–1935)[edit] See also: Insular Government On July 4, 1901, executive authority over the islands was transferred to the president of the Second Philippine Commission
Second Philippine Commission
who had the title of Civil Governor, a position appointed by the President of the United States and approved by the United States
United States
Senate. For the first year, a Military Governor, Adna Chaffee, ruled parts of the country still resisting the American rule, concurrent with Civil Governor, William Howard Taft.[8] Disagreements between the two were not uncommon.[9] The following year, on July 4, 1902, Taft became the sole executive authority.[7] Chaffee remained as commander of Philippine Division until September 30, 1902.[10] After his retirement as Civil Governor, Governor Taft was appointed Secretary of War
Secretary of War
and he secured for his successor the adoption by Congress[11] of the title Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippine Islands thereby "reviving the high designation used during the last period of Spanish rule and placing the office on a parity of dignity with that of other colonial empires of first importance".[12] The term "insular" (from insulam, the Latin
Latin
word for island)[13] refers to U.S. island territories that are not incorporated into either a state or a federal district. All insular areas were under the authority of the U.S. Bureau of Insular Affairs, a division of the US War Department.[14][15]

# Picture Name From Until President

1

William Howard Taft July 4, 1901 February 1, 1904

William McKinley To September 1901

Theodore Roosevelt From September 1901

2

Luke Edward Wright February 1, 1904 November 3, 1905

Theodore Roosevelt

3

Henry Clay Ide November 3, 1905 September 19, 1906

4

James Francis Smith September 20, 1906 November 11, 1909

5

William Cameron Forbes November 11, 1909 September 1, 1913

William Howard Taft

-

Newton W. Gilbert (Acting Governor-General) September 1, 1913 October 6, 1913

Woodrow Wilson

6

Francis Burton Harrison October 6, 1913 March 5, 1921

-

Charles Yeater (Acting Governor-General) March 5, 1921 October 14, 1921

Warren G. Harding To September 1923

Calvin Coolidge

7

Leonard Wood October 14, 1921 August 7, 1927

-

Eugene Allen Gilmore (Acting Governor-General) August 7, 1927 December 27, 1927

Calvin Coolidge

8

Henry L. Stimson December 27, 1927 February 23, 1929

-

Eugene Allen Gilmore (Acting Governor-General) February 23, 1929 July 8, 1929

Herbert Hoover

9

Dwight F. Davis July 8, 1929 January 9, 1932

-

George C. Butte (Acting Governor-General) January 9, 1932 February 29, 1932

10

Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. February 29, 1932 July 15, 1933

11

Frank Murphy July 15, 1933 November 14, 1935 Became High Commissioner to the Philippines

Franklin D. Roosevelt

High Commissioner to the Philippines
Philippines
(1935–42 and 1945–46)[edit] See also: High Commissioner to the Philippines On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Philippines
was inaugurated as a transitional government to prepare the country for independence. The office of President of the Philippine Commonwealth replaced the Governor-General
Governor-General
as the country's chief executive. The Governor-General
Governor-General
became the High Commissioner of the Philippines
Philippines
with Frank Murphy, the last governor-general, as the first high commissioner. The High Commissioner exercised no executive power but rather represented the colonial power, the United States
United States
Government, in the Philippines. The high commissioner moved from Malacañang Palace to the newly built High Commissioner's Residence, now the Embassy of the United States
United States
in Manila. After the Philippine independence on July 4, 1946, the last High Commissioner, Paul McNutt, became the first United States
United States
Ambassador to the Philippines.

# Picture Name From Until President

1

Frank Murphy November 14, 1935 1937

Franklin D. Roosevelt

2

Paul V. McNutt 1937 1939

3

Francis Bowes Sayre, Sr. 1939 1942

4

Paul V. McNutt 1945 1946 Following Philippine independence became 1st U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines

Harry S Truman

Japanese military governors (1942–1945)[edit] In December 1941, the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Philippines
was invaded by Japan
Japan
as part of World War II. The next year, the Empire of Japan
Japan
sent a military governor to control the country during wartime, followed by the formal establishment of the puppet second republic.[16]

# Picture Name From Until Emperor

1

Masaharu Homma January 3, 1942 June 8, 1942

Emperor Hirohito

2

Shizuichi Tanaka June 8, 1942 May 28, 1943

3

Shigenori Kuroda May 28, 1943 September 26, 1944

4

Tomoyuki Yamashita September 26, 1944 September 2, 1945

On September 2, 1945, the Governor-General
Governor-General
position of the Philippines has now been abolished and the Philippines' independence had been proclaimed helped by the United States
United States
on the 4th of July 1946 on the presidency of Manuel Roxas. The 4th President of the Philippines. Timelines[edit] 1750–1800[edit]

1800–1850[edit]

1850–1900[edit]

1900–1950[edit]

See also[edit]

New Spain
Spain
portal Philippines
Philippines
portal Spain
Spain
portal

Audiencia List of Viceroys of New Spain Spanish Empire History of the Philippines Military History of the Philippines United States
United States
Territory Governor-General Lists of office-holders

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d Peterson 2007, p. 11. ^ David P. Barrows; The Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippines
Philippines
under Spain
Spain
and the United States; The American Historical Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jan., 1916), pp. 288-311 ^ David P. Barrows; The Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippines
Philippines
under Spain
Spain
and the United States; The American Historical Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jan., 1916), pp. 288-311 ^ David P. Barrows; The Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippines
Philippines
under Spain
Spain
and the United States; The American Historical Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jan., 1916), pp. 288-311 ^ Halstead, Murat (1898). The Story of the Philippines
Philippines
and Our New Possessions, Including the Ladrones, Hawaii, Cuba and Porto Rico. p. 116.  ^ Tucker, Spencer (2009). The Encyclopedia of the Spanish–American and Philippine–American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 457. ISBN 978-1-85109-951-1.  ^ a b Elliott (1917), p. 509 ^ Elliott (1917), p. 4 ^ Tanner (1901), p. 383 ^ Philippine Academy of Social Sciences (1967). Philippine social sciences and humanities review. pp. 40.  ^ Act of Congress of February 6, 1905 entitled: "An Act To amend an Act approved July first, nineteen hundred and two, entitled "An Act temporarily to provide for the administration of the affairs of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes," and to amend an Act approved March eighth, nineteen hundred and two, entitled "An Act temporarily to provide revenue for the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes" and to amend an Act March second, nineteen hundred and three, entitled "An Act to establish a standard of value and to provide for a coinage system in the Philippine Islands," and to provide for the more efficient administration of civil government in the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes." Section 8 thereof provided that "the civil governor of the Philippine Islands shall hereafter be known as the governor-general of the Philippine Islands. ^ David P. Barrows; The Governor-General
Governor-General
of the Philippines
Philippines
under Spain
Spain
and the United States; The American Historical Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Jan., 1916), pp. 288-311 ^ "Island - from English to Latin". Google Translate. Retrieved on 2013-08-07. ^ "Definitions of Insular Area Political Organizations" Archived 2012-09-25 at the Wayback Machine.. U.S. Department of the Interior. ^ "Insular". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved on 2013-08-07. ^ Cahoon (2000)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Governors-General of the Philippines.

References[edit]

Governors of the Philippines Cahoon, Ben (2000). "Philippines". World's Statesmen. Don Peterson (2007-2nd Qtr), 1898: Five Philippine Governors-General Serve Rapid Fire Terms, Philippine Philatelic Journal. Tanner, Dr. J.M. (1901-11). Improvement Era Vol.5 No. 1. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Elliott, Charles Burke (1917). The Philippines: To the End of the Commission Government, a Study in Tropical Democracy. The Bobbs-Merrill Company.

v t e

Governors-General of the Philippines

v t e

Spanish Governors-General of the Philippines

1565–1898

Under the Viceroyalty of New Spain (1565–1821)

Miguel López de Legazpi Guido de Lavezaris Francisco de Sande Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa Diego Ronquillo Santiago de Vera Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas Pedro de Rojas Luis Pérez Dasmariñas Francisco Tello de Guzmán Pedro Bravo de Acuña Cristóbal Téllez de Almanza Count of Valle de Orizaba Juan de Silva Andrés Alcaraz Alonso Fajardo Jeronimo de Silva Fernándo de Silva Juan Niño de Tabora Lorenzo de Olaza Juan Cerezo de Salamanca Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera Diego Fajardo Sabiniano Manrique de Lara Diego de Salcedo Juan Manuel de la Peña Bonifaz Manuel de León Francisco Coloma Francisco Sotomayor Juan de Vargas Gabriel de Curuzealegui Alonso de Ávila Fuertes Fausto Cruzat y Góngora Domingo Zabálburu de Echevarri Martín de Urzua y Arismendi José Torralba Fernando Bustamante Francisco de la Cuesta Toribio José Cosio Fernándo Valdés Gaspar de la Torre Juan de Arechederra Marquis of Brindisi and Ovando Pedro Manuel de Arandía Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta Manuel Rojo Simón de Anda Francisco Javier de la Torre José Antonio Raón Simón de Anda Pedro de Sarrio José Basco Pedro de Sarrio Félix Berenguer de Marquina Rafael María de Aguilar Mariano Fernández de Folgueras Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar José Gardoqui Jaraveitia Mariano Fernández de Folgueras

Under Spain (1821–1898)

Mariano Fernández de Folgueras Juan Antonio Martínez Mariano Ricafort Pasqual Enrile Gabriel de Torres Joaquín de Crámer Pedro Antonio Salazar Andrés García Camba Luis Lardizábal Marcelino de Oraá Lecumberri Francisco de Paula Alcalá de la Torre Narciso Clavería Antonio María Blanco Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo Ramón Montero Manuel Pavía Ramón Montero Manuel Crespo Ramón Montero Fernándo Norzagaray Ramón María Solano Juan Herrera Dávila José Lemery Salvador Valdés Rafael de Echague Joaquín del Solar Juan de Lara José Laureano de Sanz Juan Antonio Osorio Joaquín del Solar José de la Gándara Manuel Maldonado Carlos María de la Torre Rafael de Izquierdo Manuel MacCrohon Juan Alaminos Manuel Blanco Valderrama Marquis of San Rafael Marquis of Oroquieta Rafael Rodríguez Arias Fernando Primo de Rivera Emilio Molíns Joaquín Jovellar Emilio Molíns Emilio Terrero Antonio Molto Federico Lobaton Valeriano Weyler Eulogio Despujol Federico Ochando Ramon Blanco Camilo de Polavieja José de Lachambre Fernando Primo de Rivera Basilio Augustín Fermín Jáudenes Francisco Rizzo Diego de los Ríos

Italics indicates a member of the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. Smallcaps indicates an oidor of the Real Audiencia of Manila.

v t e

American Governors-General of the Philippines

1898–1935

Military Government (1898–1902)

Merritt Otis MacArthur Chaffee

Insular Government (1901–1935)

Taft Wright Ide Smith Forbes Gilbert Harrison Yeater Wood Gilmore Stimson Gilmore Davis Butte Roosevelt Murphy

Smallcaps indicate military governors Italics indicate acting governors

v t e

Japanese Military Governors of the Philippines

1942–1945

Masaharu Homma Shizuichi Tanaka Shigenori Kuroda Tomoyuki Yamashita

See also Heads of state and government of the Philippines

v t e

Head offices of state and government of the Philippines

Current

President

Government recognized Non-Government recognized

Defunct

Gobernador General ( Spain
Spain
and United Kingdom) Military Governor / Civil Governor ( United States
United States
and Japan) Prime Minister

Aguinaldo / Marcos

Sultan

of Lanao of Maguindanao of Sulu

Historic (Royal titles)

Datus Rajahs Lakan Senapati Huang Apo Dayang Lakambini Binibini

v t e

Leaders of present-day Southeast Asian countries

Heads of state

Brunei (Monarch) Cambodia (Monarch) East Timor (President) Indonesia (President) (list) Laos (President) Malaysia (Monarch) Myanmar (President) (list) Philippines
Philippines
(President) (list) Singapore (President) Thailand (Monarch) (list) Vietnam (President) (list)

Heads of government

Brunei Cambodia (list) East Timor Indonesia (list) Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines
Philippines
(list) Singapore Thailand (list) Vietnam (list)

Defunct heads of state and government

Burma (Monarch) Dutch East Indies (Governor-General) Indonesia (Prime Minister) Laos (Monarch) Myanmar (Prime Minister) Philippines
Philippines
(Consorts) (Governor-General) (Prime Minister) Vietnam (Monarch) South Vietnam (leaders)

ASEAN

v t e

Chief executives of the United States

Federal

President of the United States

State governors (current list)

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list

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list

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Territorial (current list)

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Defunct

Pre-state territories Panama Canal Zone Cuba Philippine Islands (until 1935) Philippine Commonwealth (until 1946) Trust Territory of t

.