The Government of Ontario (French: Gouvernement de l'Ontario), formally Her Majesty's Government of Ontario (French: Gouvernement de l’Ontario de Sa Majesté), is the provincial government of the province of Ontario, Canada. Its powers and structure are set out in the Constitution Act, 1867.
The government includes the cabinet (formally the Executive Council of Ontario) of the day, selected from members of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, and the non-political civil service staff within each provincial department or agency. The civil service that manages and delivers government policies, programs, and services is called the Ontario Public Service.
The province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. The province's head of government, known as the Premier of Ontario, is appointed by the Lieutenant Governor. The Premier, invariably the leader of a political party represented in the Legislative Assembly, selects members of the Cabinet, who are also appointed by the Lieutenant Governor. The Premier and Cabinet, who are responsible for the overall direction and functioning of the government, are entitled to remain in office so long as it maintains the confidence of the elected Legislative Assembly. The Premier has usually been the leader of the party holding the largest number of seats in the Legislative Assembly, but this is not a constitutional requirement.
The functions of the Sovereign, Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, and known in Ontario as the Queen in Right of Ontario, are exercised by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. The Lieutenant Governor is appointed by the Governor General of Canada on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of Canada.
The executive powers in the province lie with the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, but these are exercised almost always on the advice of the Premier of Ontario and the rest of the Executive Council of Ontario (Cabinet).
The legislative powers in the province lie with the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. The premier and other ministers in the Cabinet are also members of, and responsible to, the Legislative Assembly.
The Ontario Public Service was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Maclean's newsmagazine in 2009, and again in 2010. The Ontario Public Service was also named one of Greater Toronto's Top Employers by the Toronto Star in 2009, and was named one of "Canada's Best Diversity Employers" in 2009 by Bank of Montreal
PURSUANT TO the prerogative of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Ontario to appoint advisors to serve Her Majesty's Government of Ontario in the discharge of its executive obligations and responsibilities...