Govardhana Hill (Devanagari: गोवर्धन), also called Mount
Govardhana, Giri Raj and Royal Hill, is a sacred Hindu site in the
Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh,
India on a 8km long hill located in
the area of
Radha Kund, which is about 20
kilometres (12 mi) from Vrindavan.
Govardhan or Giriraj it is the sacred center of
Braj and is
identified as a natural form of the Lord
Krishna himself (Govardhana
5.1 The lifting of Govardhan
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
The name 'Govardhana' has two primary translations. In the literal
meaning, 'Go' translates to 'cows', and 'vardhana' translates to
'nourishment'. Another meaning of 'Go' is 'the senses' and 'vardhana'
can also mean 'to increase' - thus the name is also translated by
Krishna as 'that which increases the senses' in their
attraction to Krishna. In this connection, it is believed that the
Govardhan blesses the devotee by increasing his
devotion (bhakti). Thus, by residing in the foothills of Govardhan
Hill, all the senses and the respective duties of a soul attain
divinity and are more inclined to perform service to Krishna.[citation
Govardhan Hill, stretching from
Radha Kund to south of Govardhan, is a
long ridge that, at its highest, stands a mere 100 feet (30 m)
above the surrounding land, belying artistic depictions of it as a
steep hill. At the southern end of the hill is the village of
Punchari, while at the crest stand the villages of Aanyor and
Govardhan Hill is considered a sacred site because it is the setting
for many legends relating to the life of Lord Krishna, the deity
believed to be embodied in the earth of the hill.
Krishna and his
Balaram are said to have spent many happy hours roaming among
its shady groves, pools, caves and lush cow-pastures. An Eden-like
sanctuary, the area's waterfalls, garden-grove (van), arbour (nikunj),
water tank (kund), and flora are depicted in scenes of Krishna's
adventures and raas with Radha.
Kusum Sarovar ("Lake of Flowers"), one of the holy sites on Govardhan
The buildings and other structures on the Hill date from the sixteenth
century. As of 2013[update], there is no known archaeological evidence
of any remains of greater age.
A few of the sites include:
The sandstone monument and lake of Kusum Sarovar.
Shri Chaitanya Temple, built of red sandstone and adorned with
Krishna and Radha
Radha Kund Temple
Mansi Ganga Lake
There are legends of Krishna’s saving the hill from a flood,
“dalliances with gopis (cow-herdresses)’’ and interactions with
demons and gods. Artwork has been created of the Hill represented as a
bull and a peacock,
Krishna in a cave, the Hill as a mountain of food
Annakut, depicted in the floods brought on by Indra, and with the
The lifting of Govardhan
Govardhan Hill from Smithsonian Institution’s
Temple dedicated to Govardhan
Govardhan Puja is celebrated on the day after Diwali. It is the day
upon which Lord
Krishna defeated Indra, the deity of thunder and rain.
As per the story,
Krishna saw huge preparations for the annual
Indra and questions his father Nanda about it. He debated
with the villagers about what their 'dharma' truly was. They were
farmers, they should do their duty and concentrate on farming and
protection of their cattle. He continued to say that all human beings
should merely do their 'dharma', to the best of their ability and not
pray or conduct sacrifices for natural phenomenon. The villagers were
convinced by Krishna, and did not proceed with the special puja
Indra was then angered, and flooded the village. Krishna
then lifted Mt
Govardhan and held it up as protection to his people
and cattle from the rain.
Indra finally accepted defeat and recognized
Krishna as supreme. This aspect of Krishna's life is mostly glossed
over - but it actually set up on the basis of the 'karma' philosophy
later detailed in the Bhagavad Gita.
According to ancient Vaishnava legends the Vedic Deva (demigod akin to
Indra (god of rain & lightning) was feared by
human beings because he would either give the people no rain or flood
them if he was not satisfied with their worship. When
out, he opposed the performance of sacrificial worship for Indra. He
emphasized the importance of karma and doing ones duty. This made
Indra angry at the boy
Krishna (one of the incarnations of the Supreme
Indra thus invoked many clouds to appear in the sky and schemed to
flood the region with rains lasting for seven days and seven nights.
Krishna in reply then lifted
Govardhan Hill, under which all the
animals and people of the region took shelter, safe from the rains of
Indra's fury. Ultimately,
Indra accepted defeat. He offered his
prayers and left to his heavenly kingdom.
It also represents the downfall of Indra, and a new beginning in Hindu
philosophy, from a more sacrificial/ appeasement oriented worship, to
a more spiritual plane of thought. This evolution of thought in
Hinduism was brought about by Krishna, and therefore he has been the
most important Hindu deity since then - considered an 'avatar' of the
^ a b Dev Prasad (January 27, 2015). Krishna: A Journey through the
Lands & Legends of Krishna. Jaico Publishing House. pp. PT
147. ISBN 978-81-8495-170-7.
^ a b Henry George Keene (1878). A Handbook for Visitors to Agra and
Its Neighbourhood. Thacker, Spink. pp. 71–72.
Radha Kund". Google mpas. Retrieved April 7,
^ David L. Haberman, River of Love in an Age of Pollution: The Yamuna
River of Northern India, Page 264 ISBN 0-520-24789-2
^ Kapila D. Silva; Neel Kamal Chapagain (2013). Asian Heritage
Management: Contexts, Concerns, and Prospects. Routledge. p. 178.
^ a b c Kapila D. Silva; Neel Kamal Chapagain (2013). Asian Heritage
Management: Contexts, Concerns, and Prospects. Routledge.
pp. 178–179. ISBN 978-0-415-52054-6.
^ Kapila D. Silva; Neel Kamal Chapagain (2013). Asian Heritage
Management: Contexts, Concerns, and Prospects. Routledge. p. 180.
^ Ritika Handoo (2 December 2016). "Here Lord
Krishna lifted Govardhan
hill—This can be your travel guide to reach Giriraj Temple!".
ZeeNews. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
^ a b c d Amit Sengupta (16 June 2015). "Spiritual Soujourn in
Govardhan". Retrieved 7 April 2017.
^ Bhag-P 1.3.28 Archived 2013-01-23 at the Wayback Machine. 'Krishna
Is the Source of All Incarnations'.
Rajasekhara Dasa (2001). Govardhana Hill: India's Most Sacred
Mountain. Vedanta Vision Publications.
Media related to
Govardhan Hill at Wikimedia Commons
http://www.icompositions.com/music/song.php?sid=199187 Ballad of
Ballad of Govardhana Hill
The Story of Govardhan
krishna story lifting govardhan parvat
Exclusive video of Parikrama of
Coordinates: 27°30′37.93″N 77°28′33.98″E /
27.5105361°N 77.4761056°E / 27.5105361; 77.4761056
Hindu deities and texts
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali