GORHAM is a town in Cumberland County ,
Gorham is part of the Portland –South Portland –Biddeford , Maine metropolitan statistical area .
Initially named Narragansett Number 7, the village was renamed Gorhamtown Plantation in honor of the famous New England Ranger John Gorham I, the great grandfather of John Gorham 4th .
* 1 History * 2 Gallery
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Roads and bordering
* 3.1.1 Little Roads
* 4 Demographics
* 4.1 2010 census * 4.2 2000 census
* 5 Sites of interest * 6 Education * 7 Notable people * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links
First called Narragansett Number 7 was one of seven townships granted
Massachusetts General Court
Narragansett Number 7 suffered its first Indian raid in 1745 during
King George\'s War , when the meeting house and Gorham's sawmill were
burned. It was attacked again in 1746, when five colonists were killed
and three abducted. Incursions during the
French and Indian Wars
Good soil benefited agriculture , and numerous falls provided water
power for industry. The town developed into a manufacturing center,
with Portland a nearby market. Products included textiles , clothing ,
carpet , lumber , barrels , chairs , carriages , wagons and sleighs .
There was also a box factory, corn -canning factory, paper pulp mill,
brickyard , tannery , and granite and marble works. The Cumberland and
Oxford Canal opened in 1829 connecting
Casco Bay with
Sebago Lake ,
although it would be discontinued in 1871, having been rendered
John A. Poor 's York and Cumberland
Gorham Academy was founded. Designed by Samuel Elder, the
Gorham Academy Building was erected in 1806. The
institution would evolve into Western
Gorham currently has a much smaller industrial infrastructure than it did in the earlier years. The majority of Gorham's industry is based along the border with Westbrook , and many of the mills that formerly existed along the Presumpscot River are now under water, flooded with the construction of the Dundee Dam. In recent decades Gorham has increased in popularity as a bedroom community of Portland. Its residents and town officials have been confronted with various issues related to managing suburban growth in a historically rural town.
Hugh McLellan House, completed in 1773 *
Old mill in 1906 *
Congregational Church c. 1915
According to the
ROADS AND BORDERING
The town is served by U.S. Route 202 , and state routes 4 , 22 , 25 , 112 , 114 and 237 . It borders Buxton , Standish , Windham , Westbrook , and Scarborough .
There are little roads throughout GORHAM. The little roads are listed below:
* North Gorham Road: a road from Route 237 to the Windham border. * Huston Road: a road from Routes 202/4 to Route 114. * Mallison Street: a short road from Route 237 to the Windham border. * New Portland Rd: a road from Routes 202/4 to the Westbrook border. * Church Street: a road from Route 114 to Water Street
Flaggy Meadow Road: a road from Route 25 in Gorham to the Buxton county line.
EST. 2014 17,024
See also: Gorham (CDP),
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,381 people, 5,719 households, and 4,064 families residing in the town. The population density was 323.6 inhabitants per square mile (124.9/km2). There were 5,972 housing units at an average density of 118.0 per square mile (45.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% White , 0.7% African American , 0.3% Native American , 0.9% Asian , 0.2% from other races , and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 5,719 households of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.
The median age in the town was 38 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 15% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,141 people, 4,875 households, and 3,529 families residing in the town. The population density was 279.2 people per square mile (107.8/km²). There were 5,051 housing units at an average density of 99.7 per square mile (38.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.57% White , 0.42% Black or African American , 0.33% Native American , 0.64% Asian , 0.01% Pacific Islander , 0.17% from other races , and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.
There were 4,875 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.6% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.11. M. E. Church -- erected in 1880
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,316, and the median income for a family was $55,434. Males had a median income of $37,828 versus $30,394 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,174. About 5.1% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line , including 9.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
SITES OF INTEREST
* Baxter House Museum * Gorham Historical Society "> Corthell Hall at U.S.M., built in 1878, designed by the noted Portland architect Francis H. Fassett , c. 1904
Wendell Abraham Anderson , politician
James Phinney Baxter , historian, civic leader
* ^ A B "US Gazetteer files 2010".