Gordon John Humphrey (born October 9, 1940) is an American politician from New Hampshire who served two terms in the U.S. Senate as a Republican from 1979 to 1990, and twice ran for Governor of New Hampshire, though both bids were unsuccessful.
Humphrey was born in Bristol, Connecticut. His first career path was in aviation: he served in the United States Air Force for several years and, following college (George Washington University and the University of Maryland, College Park), he became a professional pilot.
Originally a liberal, Humphrey said he converted to conservatism because of "the force of my own logic".
In 1977, Humphrey became the leader of the New Hampshire chapter of Conservative Caucus, which had been looking for someone to head it up for months. Humphrey volunteered and began organizing signature-gathering for petitions and putting together well-attended rallies.
In 1978 Humphrey won election to the U.S. Senate, despite being only a local Republican activist holding no political office. He defeated three-term incumbent Thomas J. McIntyre by barely two percent. He won election without help from the Republican Party and had few links to party regulars. Humphrey's 18-month campaign was run for the most part by himself and Patricia Green, a former New York City schoolteacher whom he married just after the four-way GOP primary that September. According to a New York Times article written a month after the election, she was "considered the strongest force in his camp and is expected to have a strong influence on his Washington staff."
Humphrey was easily reelected in 1984, defeating five-term Democratic U.S. congressman Norman D'Amours. Humphrey declined to run for a third term in 1990, having promised to serve only two terms.
In 1987, Humphrey harshly criticized President Ronald Reagan's appointment of openly gay geneticist Dr. Frank Lilly to his commission on the HIV Epidemic, saying that Lilly's appointment would send the message ". . .that homosexuality is simply an alternative lifestyle."
In the Senate Humphrey served on the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Armed Services Committee, and was a leader in the Congressional Task Force on Afghanistan, which shaped U.S. policy regarding the Soviet war in Afghanistan and Operation Cyclone. He voted against the federal budget all 12 years he was a member of the Senate, each time because the proposed budget ran a deficit.
Humphrey played a major role at the 1988 Republican National Convention as a leader and spokesman for right-wing delegates. Humphrey was instrumental in steering the vice-presidential nomination to Dan Quayle, having marshaled the commitment of four state delegations to run their own vice-presidential candidate in the event a candidate not to their liking was picked by George H. W. Bush. Under party rules, six delegations were needed. Bush's choice of Quayle, who was pro-life (as was Humphrey), satisfied the Granite State senator.
Instead of running for a third term, he ran for and won a seat in the New Hampshire State Senate. He served one term. There were reports of his making a possible run for president on the Republican ticket in both 1988 and 1992, but neither happened.
Humphrey returned to New Hampshire politics in 2000 by challenging incumbent Governor Jeanne Shaheen. Shaheen, a Democrat, was considered vulnerable in the wake of a State Supreme Court decision requiring the state to play a larger role in funding education, which many saw as a path toward instituting a statewide income or sales tax. Humphrey pledged to block attempts to enact such taxes, but was narrowly defeated in a contentious campaign.
He ran for the Republican nomination for governor again in 2002, but businessman Craig Benson eventually won the nomination and the governor's race. Humphrey finished third, and said the campaign would be his last.
In 2013, Humphrey made headlines when he expressed support for whistleblower Edward Snowden, who exposed the mass surveillance of Americans and foreign nationals by the National Security Agency. Journalist Glenn Greenwald reported that Humphrey, a former member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, contacted Snowden via email, telling him that, "Provided you have not leaked information that would put in harms [sic] way any intelligence agent, I believe you have done the right thing in exposing what I regard as massive violation of the United States Constitution."
Humphrey complained to Snowden that "no effort is being made to identify, remove from office and bring to justice those officials who have abused power, seriously and repeatedly violating the Constitution of the United States and the rights of millions of unsuspecting citizens." He cited Snowden as a “courageous whistle-blower.” Snowden replied with a message thanking Humphrey.
During the 2016 Republican presidential primaries, Humphrey was a leader of efforts to try to block Trump from securing the nomination at the Republican National Convention. He stated, "I would only vote for Hillary in the event of a very close contest. Meantime, I'm hoping the Republican leadership, at long, long last will show the courage and principle to denounce Trump and to demand he renounce the nomination or face a reconvening of the convention." On 6 November 2016, two days before the election, Humphrey officially endorsed Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. In November 2016, he left the Republican Party and became an independent.
|United States Senator (Class 2) from New Hampshire
Served alongside: John Durkin, Warren Rudman
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
|Republican nominee for Governor of New Hampshire
|96th||Senate: J. Durkin G. Humphrey||House: J. Cleveland N. D'Amours|
|97th||Senate: G. Humphrey W. Rudman||House: N. D'Amours J. Gregg|
|98th||Senate: G. Humphrey W. Rudman||House: N. D'Amours J. Gregg|
|99th||Senate: G. Humphrey W. Rudman||House: J. Gregg R. Smith|
|100th||Senate: G. Humphrey W. Rudman||House: J. Gregg R. Smith|
|101st||Senate: G. Humphrey W. Rudman||House: R. Smith C. Douglas|