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Gordon Bunshaft, FAIA (May 9, 1909 – August 6, 1990), was an American architect, a leading proponent of modern design in the mid-twentieth century. A partner in the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), Bunshaft joined in 1937 and remained for more than 40 years. The long list of his notable buildings includes Lever House
Lever House
in New York, the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
in Washington, D.C., the National Commercial Bank
National Commercial Bank
in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 140 Broadway (Marine Midland Grace Trust Co.) and Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank
in New York; the last was the first post-war "transparent" bank on the East Coast.[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Awards and honors 2.2 Legacy

3 Buildings 4 Gallery 5 Personal life 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Early life[edit] Bunshaft was born in Buffalo, New York, to Russian Jewish
Russian Jewish
immigrant parents,[2] and attended Lafayette High School. He received both his undergraduate (1933) and his master's (1935) degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studied in Europe on a Rotch Traveling Scholarship from 1935 to 1937. Career[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2014)

After his traveling scholarship, Bunshaft worked briefly for Edward Durell Stone and industrial designer Raymond Loewy
Raymond Loewy
before joining SOM. Bunshaft's early influences included Mies van der Rohe
Mies van der Rohe
and Le Corbusier.[3] In the 1950s, Bunshaft was hired by the State Department's Office of Foreign Building Operations as a collaborator on the design for several U.S. consulates in Germany.[4][5] Bunshaft's only single-family residence was the 2300 square foot (210 m²) Travertine House, built for his own family. On his death he left the house to MoMA, which sold it to Martha Stewart
Martha Stewart
in 1995.[6] Her extensive remodelling stalled amid an acrimonious planning dispute with a neighbour. In 2005, she sold the house to textile magnate Donald Maharam, who described the house as "decrepit and largely beyond repair" and demolished it.[7][8][9] Awards and honors[edit] Bunshaft was elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters
National Institute of Arts and Letters
and was the recipient of numerous other honors and awards. He received the Brunner Prize of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1955, and its gold medal in 1984. He also received the American Institute of Architects
American Institute of Architects
Twenty-five Year Award
Twenty-five Year Award
for Lever House, in 1980, and the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 1988. In 1958, he was elected into the National Academy of Design
National Academy of Design
as an Associate member, and became a full member in 1959. From 1963 to 1972, he was a member of the Commission of Fine Arts
Commission of Fine Arts
in Washington.[1] Upon receiving the Pritzker Prize in 1988,[10] for which he nominated himself,[11] he gave the shortest speech of any winner in the award's history, stating:

In 1928, I entered the MIT School of Architecture and started my architectural trip. Today, 60 years later, I've been given the Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
for which I thank the Pritzker family and the distinguished members of the selection committee for honoring me with this prestigious award. It is the capstone of my life in architecture. That's it.

Bunshaft was a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art. He also received the Medal of Honor of the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects.[1] Legacy[edit] Bunshaft's personal papers are held by the Department of Drawings & Archives in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
at Columbia University; his architectural drawings remain with SOM. Buildings[edit]

Exterior of the Hirshhorn Museum, facing Independence Avenue

The LBJ Presidential Library
LBJ Presidential Library
in Austin, Texas

1942 - Great Lakes Naval Training Center, Hostess House - Great Lakes, IL 1951 - Lever House
Lever House
- New York, New York 1952 - Manhattan House Apartments - New York, New York 1953 - Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank
Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank
- New York, New York[12] 1956 - Ford World Headquarters
Ford World Headquarters
- Dearborn, Michigan, with Natalie de Blois 1956 - Consular Agency of the United States, Bremen
Consular Agency of the United States, Bremen
- Bremen, Germany[13] 1957 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company Headquarters
Connecticut General Life Insurance Company Headquarters
- Bloomfield, Connecticut[14] 1955 - Istanbul Hilton - Istanbul, Turkey 1958 - Reynolds Metals Company International Headquarters
Reynolds Metals Company International Headquarters
- Richmond, Virginia[15] 1961 - One Chase Manhattan Plaza
One Chase Manhattan Plaza
- New York City 1962 - CIL House
CIL House
- Montreal 1962 - Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Albright-Knox Art Gallery
addition - Buffalo, New York 1963 - Travertine House - East Hampton (town), New York 1963 - Beinecke Library
Beinecke Library
- Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 1965 - American Republic Insurance Company - Des Moines, Iowa 1965 - Banque Lambert - Brussels 1967 - Marine Midland Building
Marine Midland Building
- New York City 1971 - Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum - Austin, Texas 1972 - Carlton Centre
Carlton Centre
- Johannesburg, South Africa 1973 - New York City
New York City
Convention and Exhibition Center (not built) - New York City 1973 - Uris Hall, Cornell University - Ithaca, New York 1974 - Solow Building
Solow Building
- 9 West 57th Street, New York, New York 1974 - W. R. Grace Building
W. R. Grace Building
- New York, New York 1974 - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
- Washington, D.C. 1983 - National Commercial Bank
National Commercial Bank
- Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Gallery[edit]

Manufacturers Trust Building New York, New York
New York, New York
1954

United States Consular Agency Bremen, Germany
Germany
1956

Ford World Headquarters Dearborn, Michigan
Dearborn, Michigan
1956

Connecticut General Life Insurance Headquarters Bloomfield, CT 1957

Beinecke Library Yale University, New Haven, CT 1963

Beinecke Library
Beinecke Library
Interior Yale University, New Haven, CT 1963

Johnson Presidential Library Austin, Texas, 1971

Solow Building New York, 1974

Hirshhorn Museum Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
1974

Personal life[edit] In 1943, Bunshaft married Nina Wayler (d. 1994). They were avid collectors of contemporary art and owned many major pieces including works by Joan Miro, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Léger and Noguchi.[1] They lived in the Manhattan House Apartments in New York's Upper East Side, which he helped design, and at the Travertine House in East Hampton, which was his only single-family residence.[6] He is buried next to his wife and parents in the Temple Beth El cemetery on Pine Ridge Road in Buffalo, New York. References[edit]

^ a b c d Goldberger, Paul (8 August 1990). "Gordon Bunshaft, Architect, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Vanity Fair: "Forever Modern" October 2002 ^ Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts
Commission of Fine Arts
(Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix B, p. 541. ^ Goldberger, Paul (19 August 1990). "ARCHITECTURE VIEW; Gordon Bunshaft: A Man Who Died Before His Time?". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Times, Special
Special
To The New York (17 November 1958). "ARTS CENTER PICKS LAST 2 ARCHITECTS; Saarinen and Bunshaft Will Round Out Design Team for Lincoln Sq. Project WORKS RECEIVE PRAISE Group Will Be Coordinated by Wallace K. Harrison -'Dynamic' Result Sought". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ a b Brown, Patricia Leigh (23 February 1995). "Can It Be True? Is Martha Stewart
Martha Stewart
Really Going Modern?". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Martha's Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
House Gets the Shaft - Hollywood's Fear of Flying - Warner Music Gets Murder Inc. - Ivy League Beauty Pageants - Bill Weld's Uphill Battle for Albany Archived 2006-07-02 at the Wayback Machine.. Newyorkmetro.com (2005-05-23). Retrieved on 2014-04-12. ^ [1] Archived April 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Monchaux, Thomas De (3 July 2005). "Modernist Masterpiece, and Soon a Prime Building Site". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Goldberger, Paul (24 May 1988). "Bunshaft and Niemeyer Share Architecture Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ How to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize: Practice, practice, practice (and don't be shy about nominating yourself) ^ Pogrebin, Robin (April 13, 2011). "New York Landmarks Panel Wants Changes in Plan for Former Bank". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ "Public Works: Harry Bertoia for the Public". Harry Bertoia. Retrieved March 2015.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Fans of Modernism Criticize Cigna's Plan to Raze Offices". The New York Times. 22 February 2001. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Pristin, Terry (26 November 2003). "Philip Morris USA Starts Its Move to a Historic Building". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Carol Herselle Krinsky, Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, MIT Press, 1988

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gordon Bunshaft.

"Oral history interview with Gordon Bunshaft". Chicago Architects Oral History Project, The Art Institute of Chicago. Archived from the original on May 16, 2006. Retrieved October 13, 2005.  "Wrecking Ball". MetaFilter. Retrieved October 12, 2005.  Discussion and links about preservation and rebuilding of the Bunshaft Residence, aka "Travertine House.". " Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
1988 Laureate". The Pritzker Architecture Prize. Retrieved October 12, 2005.  Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
architectural drawings and papers, 1909-1990 (bulk 1950-1979). Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
at Find a Grave

v t e

Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
laureates

Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
(1979) Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
(1980) James Stirling (1981) Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
(1982) I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei
(1983) Richard Meier
Richard Meier
(1984) Hans Hollein
Hans Hollein
(1985) Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
(1986) Kenzo Tange (1987) Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
and Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
(1989) Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
(1990) Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
(1991) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(1992) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
(1993) Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc
(1994) Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando
(1995) Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1996) Sverre Fehn
Sverre Fehn
(1997) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(1998) Norman Foster (1999) Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas
(2000) Herzog & de Meuron (2001) Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt
(2002) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(2003) Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(2004) Thom Mayne
Thom Mayne
(2005) Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
(2006) Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
(2007) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2008) Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(2009) Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA
SANAA
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2011) Wang Shu
Wang Shu
(2012) Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(2013) Shigeru Ban
Shigeru Ban
(2014) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
(2015) Alejandro Aravena
Alejandro Aravena
(2016) Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes (2017) B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79414699 LCCN: n88034401 ISNI: 0000 0001 1449 285X GND: 119211211 SUDOC: 078816378 BNF: cb150484926 (data) ULAN: 500031

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