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Gopachal rock-cut Jain monuments, also called Gopachal Parvat Jaina monuments, are a group of Jain carvings dated to between 7th and 15th century. They are located on the south side of Gwalior
Gwalior
Fort, Madhya Pradesh. They depict Tirthankaras
Tirthankaras
in seated Padmasana posture as well as standing Kayotsarga
Kayotsarga
posture, in the typical naked form of Jain iconography. This group of Jain monuments is related to numerous others found in the north side of the fort including the Siddhachal Caves.

Contents

1 Location 2 History 3 Description 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References

Location[edit] The Gopachal rock cut Jain monuments
Gopachal rock cut Jain monuments
are located inside the fort of Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, on a rock cliff east of the Scindia School. The Gwalior
Gwalior
city and the fort is connected to other Indian cities by major highways NH 44 and 46 (Asian Highway 43 and 47), a railway station and airport (IATA: GWL). It is located near other historic Hindu and Jain temples from the medieval era.[1][2][3] History[edit] The Gopachal rock cut monuments are a part of nearly 100 Jain monuments found in and around the Gwalior
Gwalior
city, but these are dated earlier than the Siddhachal Caves
Siddhachal Caves
located about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of these monuments. Both monuments were defaced and desecrated around 1527 when the Emperor Babur ordered their destruction.[4][5][6] Centuries later, the Jain community
Jain community
restored many of the statues by adding back stucco heads on the top of the damaged idols.[4] Description[edit] The Gopachal rock-cut monuments depict the Tirthankaras
Tirthankaras
in seated or standing meditating positions. They are not as colossal as some of those found in the Siddhachal Caves, but they are big. The Gopachal monuments include standing and seated Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
(Adinatha), Neminatha, Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
and Mahavira.[1][4][7][1] According to Jains, Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Parshvanath delivered his discourse (deshna) on this hill. Gallery[edit]

Adinatha, 1895 photo

Jain statues

Seated in meditating position

Parshvanatha

See also[edit]

Jain art

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gopachal.

References[edit]

^ a b c Kurt Titze; Klaus Bruhn (1998). Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-violence. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 106–110. ISBN 978-81-208-1534-6.  ^ Group of temples at Batesar, ASI Bhopal Circle (2014) ^ Naresar Temples, ASI Bhopal Circle (2014) ^ a b c Gwalior
Gwalior
Fort: Rock Sculptures, A Cunningham, Archaeological Survey of India, pages 364-370 ^ Kurt Titze; Klaus Bruhn (1998). Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-violence. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 101–102. ISBN 978-81-208-1534-6. , Quote: "In 1527, the Urvahi Jinas were mutilated by the Mughal emperor Babar, a fact he records in his memoirs". ^ Trudy Ring; Noelle Watson; Paul Schellinger (2012). Asia and Oceania: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 314. ISBN 978-1-136-63979-1.  ^ Gwalior
Gwalior
Fort, Archaeological Survey of India, Bhopal Circle, India (2014)

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