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In the Sanskrit epics, the Gopa Rashtra
Gopa Rashtra
(Gopa kingdom) (Gurjara Kingdom) of central and western India is believed to have been ruled by Krishna. Inscriptions indicate the presence of a region by this name in the Chalukya
Chalukya
empire (present day Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Goa).[1] In the Junagarh inscriptions of Skandagupta
Skandagupta
and Chalukyan records, Gopa rasthra is mentioned as the colony inhabited by the cowherd people.[2][3] Kautilya
Kautilya
states that the region was tribal corporation following the profession of agriculture and arms both.[2] According to Mahabharata's list of kingdoms given in Bhishma
Bhishma
Parva, chapter-9,Pandu Rashtra, Gopa Rashtra, Malla Rashtra and Ashmaka together formed the modern Maharashtra.[4] The term Goa
Goa
is derived from Goparashtra i.e. the area of cowherds and shepherds.[5]

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] The name of Gopa rashtra forms part among the various kingdoms of Ancient India
Ancient India
as narrated in the epic Mahabharata.[6] The state of Goa
Goa
is described as ancient Goparashtra and it takes its present name from earlier used terms like- Gomant, Gomantaka, Govarashtra or Goparashtra. All these names are prefixed with "Go" means "cow". Mahabharata
Mahabharata
refers it to as the country of cowherds.[7] Inscriptions of Chalukya
Chalukya
age mention about grant of Balegrama village in the Goparashtra to worship Kapaleshvara.[8] See also[edit]

Kingdoms of Ancient India

References[edit]

^ Mahajan, Malati (1989). A cultural history of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Goa: from place name inscriptions. Sundeep Prakashan. p. 79.  ^ a b Shastri, Ajay Mitra (1992). The Age of the Vākāṭakas. Harman Publishing House. p. 69. ISBN 9788185151519. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  ^ India Today International. Living Media India Limited. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  ^ Vaidya, Chintāmana Vināyaka (1921). History of Mediæval Hindu India: (being a History of India from 600 to 1200 A.D.) ... Oriental Book Supplying Agency. p. 259. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  ^ Anthropological Survey of India (1995). The Scheduled Castes. Oxford University Press. p. xxiv. ISBN 9788171547609. Retrieved 31 March 2016.  ^ Debroy, Bibek (2015). The Mahabharata. Penguin UK. pp. Chapter 870(10). ISBN 9788184756814. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ Souza, edited by Teotonio R. de (1990). Goa
Goa
through the ages. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co. p. 4. ISBN 9788170222590. Retrieved 18 June 2016. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ Chapekar, Laxman Narayan (1966). Thakurs of the Sahyadri. University of Bombay; distributors: P.C. Manaktala. p. 3. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 

Kisari Mohan Ganguli, The Mahabharata
Mahabharata
of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa Translated into English Prose, 1883-1896.

External links[edit]

v t e

Tribes and kingdoms mentioned in the Mahabharata

Abhira Andhra Anarta Anga Anupa Assaka Asmaka Avanti Ay Bahlika Bhārata Chedi Chera Chola Chinas Dakshina Kosala Dakshinatya Danda Dasarna Dasharna Dasherka Dwaraka Gandhāra Garga Gomanta Gopa Rashtra Hara Huna Heheya Himalaya Huna Kanchi Kasmira Kalakuta Kalinga Kamboja Karnata Karusha Kashi Kekeya Kerala Khasa Kikata Kirata Kishkindha Konkana Kosala Kuninda Kunti Kuru Lanka Madra Madraka Magadha Maha Chinas Mahisha Malla Malava Matsya Mekhalas Mleccha Mudgala Mushika Nasikya Nepa Niharas Nishada Odra Pallava Panchala Pandya Parada Parama Kamboja Parasika Parvartaka Parvata Paurava Pishacha Pragjyotisha Pratyagratha Prasthala Pundra Pulinda Saka Salva Salveya Salwa Saraswata Saurashtra Sauvira Shakya Sindhu Sinhala Sivi Sonita Sudra Suhma Surparaka Surasena Tangana Trigarta Tulu Tushara Ursa Uttara Kuru Uttara Madra Utkala Vanga Vatadhana Vatsa Videha Vidarbha Yavana Yaudheya

v t e

Mahabharata

Books (parvas)

Adi Sabha Vana Virata Udyoga Bhishma Drona Karna Shalya Sauptika Stri Shanti Anushasana Ashvamedhika Ashramavasika Mausala Mahaprasthanika Svargarohana Harivamsa

Kuru Kingdom

Shantanu Ganga Bhishma Satyavati Chitrāngada Vichitravirya Ambika Ambalika Vidura Dhritarashtra Gandhari Pandu Kunti Madri Pandavas

Yudhisthira Bhima Arjuna Nakula Sahadeva

Draupadi Kauravas

Duryodhana Dushasana Vikarna Yuyutsu Dushala

Hidimbi Ghatotkacha Ahilawati Subhadra Uttarā Ulupi Chitrāngadā Abhimanyu Iravan Babruvahana Barbarika Upapandavas Parikshit Janamejaya

Other characters

Amba Ashwatthama Balarama Bhagadatta Brihannala Chekitana Chitrasena Dhrishtadyumna Drona Drupada Durvasa Ekalavya Hidimba Jarasandha Jayadratha Kali (demon) Karna Kichaka Kindama Kripa Krishna Kritavarma Mayasura Sanjaya Satyaki Shakuni Shalya Shikhandi Shishupala Bahlika Sudeshna Uttara Kumara Virata Vrishasena Vyasa

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