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Google
Google
Earth
Earth
is a computer program that renders a 3D representation of Earth
Earth
based on satellite imagery. The program maps the Earth
Earth
by superimposing satellite images, aerial photography, and GIS data onto a 3D globe, allowing users to see cities and landscapes from various angles. Users can explore the globe by entering addresses and coordinates, or by using a keyboard or mouse. The program can also be downloaded on a smartphone or tablet, using a touch screen or stylus to navigate. Users may use the program to add their own data using Keyhole Markup Language and upload them through various sources, such as forums or blogs. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
is able to show various kinds of images overlaid on the surface of the earth and is also a Web Map Service client. In addition to Earth
Earth
navigation, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
provides a series of other tools through the desktop application. Additional globes for the Moon
Moon
and Mars
Mars
are available, as well as a tool for viewing the night sky. A flight simulator game is also included. Other features allow users to view photos from various places uploaded to Panoramio, information provided by on some locations, and Street View imagery. The web-based version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
also includes Voyager, a feature that periodically adds in-program tours, often presented by scientists and documentarians. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
has been viewed by some as a threat to privacy and national security, leading to the program being banned in multiple countries. Some countries have requested that certain areas be obscured in Google's satellite images, usually areas containing military facilities.

Contents

1 History 2 Imagery

2.1 3D imagery 2.2 Street View 2.3 Water and ocean

3 Outer space

3.1 Google
Google
Sky 3.2 Google
Google
Mars 3.3 Google
Google
Moon

4 Other features

4.1 Flight simulators 4.2 Liquid Galaxy

5 Versions

5.1 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Pro 5.2 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plus 5.3 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Enterprise 5.4 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
9 5.5 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plug-in 5.6 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
VR

6 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Outreach 7 Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine 8 Controversy and criticism

8.1 Defense 8.2 National security 8.3 Other concerns

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
was originally developed by Keyhole, Inc., a Mountain View-based company founded in 2001. Keyhole, after being spun off from Intrinsic Graphics, received funding from the Central Intelligence Agency's venture capital firm, In-Q-Tel[6] and the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency,[7] in addition to smaller capital from Nvidia
Nvidia
and Sony.[8] Keyhole developed the program under the name Keyhole EarthViewer, and sold the product for uses in fields such as real estate, urban planning, defense, and intelligence. Google acquired the company in 2004,[9] driving public interest in geospatial technologies and applications.[10][11] Since then, Google
Google
has given the program a focus on exploration, with tours provided by humanitarian outreach programs, 3D modeling
3D modeling
of hundreds of cities, and 3D globes of other planets. Imagery[edit] Google
Google
Earth's imagery is displayed on a digital globe, which displays the planet's surface using a single composited image from a far distance. After zooming in far enough, the imagery transitions into different imagery of the same area with finer detail, which varies in date and time from one area to the next. The imagery is retrieved from satellites or aircraft.[12] Before the launch of NASA
NASA
and the USGS's Landsat 8
Landsat 8
satellite, Google
Google
relied partially on imagery from Landsat 7, which suffered from a hardware malfunction that left diagonal gaps in images.[13] In 2013, Google
Google
used datamining to remedy the issue, providing what was described as a successor to the Blue Marble
Blue Marble
image of Earth, with a single large image of the entire planet. This was achieved by combining multiple sets of imagery taken from Landsat 7
Landsat 7
to eliminate clouds and diagonal gaps, creating a single "mosaic" image.[14] Google
Google
now uses Landsat 8
Landsat 8
to provide imagery in a higher quality and with greater frequency.[15] Imagery is hosted on Google's servers, which are contacted by the application when opened, requiring an Internet connection. Imagery resolution ranges from 15 meters of resolution to 15 centimeters. For much of the Earth, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
uses digital elevation model data collected by NASA's Shuttle Radar Topography Mission.[16] This creates the impression of three-dimensional terrain, even where the imagery is only two-dimensional. Every image created from Google
Google
Earth
Earth
using satellite data provided by Google
Google
Earth
Earth
is a copyrighted map. Any derivative from Google
Google
Earth
Earth
is made from copyrighted data which, under United States Copyright
Copyright
Law, may not be used except under the licenses Google
Google
provides. Google allows non-commercial personal use of the images (e.g. on a personal website or blog) as long as copyrights and attributions are preserved.[17] By contrast, images created with NASA's globe software World Wind use The Blue Marble, Landsat, or USGS imagery, each of which is in the public domain. In version 5.0, Google
Google
introduced Historical Imagery, allowing users to view earlier imagery. Clicking the clock icon in the toolbar opens a time slider, which marks the time of available imagery from the past. This feature allows for observation of an area's changes over time.[18] Utilizing the timelapse feature allows for the ability to view a zoomable video as far back as 32 years. [19] 3D imagery[edit]

Countries with 3D coverage in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
as of January 2018

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
shows 3D building models in some cities, including photorealistic 3D imagery. The first 3D buildings in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
were created using 3D modeling
3D modeling
applications such as SketchUp
SketchUp
and, beginning in 2009, Building Maker,[20] and were uploaded to Google
Google
Earth
Earth
via the 3D Warehouse. In June 2012, Google
Google
announced that it would be replacing user-generated 3D buildings with an auto-generated 3D mesh.[21] This would be phased in, starting with select larger cities, with the notable exception of cities such as London
London
and Toronto
Toronto
which required more time to process detailed imagery of their vast number of buildings. The reason given is to have greater uniformity in 3D buildings, and to compete with Nokia Here and Apple Maps, which were already using this technology. The coverage began that year in 21 cities in four countries.[22] By early 2016, 3D imagery had been expanded to hundreds of cities in over 40 countries, including every U.S. state
U.S. state
and encompassing every continent except Antarctica. In 2009, in a collaboration between Google
Google
and the Museo del Prado
Museo del Prado
in Madrid, the museum selected 14 of its paintings to be photographed and displayed at the resolution of 14,000 megapixels inside the 3D version of the Prado in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
and Google
Google
Maps.[23][24] Street View[edit] Main article: Google
Google
Street View On April 15, 2008, with version 4.3, Google
Google
fully integrated Street View into Google
Google
Earth.[25] Street View
Street View
displays 360° panoramic street-level photos of select cities and their surroundings. The photos were taken by cameras mounted on automobiles, can be viewed at different scales and from many angles, and are navigable by arrow icons imposed on them. Water and ocean[edit] Introduced in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
5.0 in 2009, the Google
Google
Ocean feature allows users to zoom below the surface of the ocean and view the 3D bathymetry. Supporting over 20 content layers, it contains information from leading scientists and oceanographers.[26] On April 14, 2009, Google
Google
added underwater terrain data for the Great Lakes.[27][28] In June 2011, Google
Google
increased the resolution of some deep ocean floor areas from 1-kilometer grids to 100 meters.[29] The high-resolution features were developed by oceanographers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth
Earth
Observatory from scientific data collected on research cruises. The sharper focus is available for about 5 percent of the oceans. This can be seen in the Hudson off New York City, the Wini Seamount near Hawaii, and the Mendocino Ridge off the U.S Pacific coast.[30] Outer space[edit]

A picture of Mars' landscape

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
in Sky Viewing Mode

One of the lunar landers viewed in Google
Google
Moon

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
can be used as a program to view outer space, including the surfaces of various objects in the solar system. Google
Google
has programs and features, including within Google
Google
Earth, allowing exploration of Mars, the moon, and the view of the sky from Earth. Google
Google
Sky[edit] Google
Google
Sky is a feature that was introduced in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
4.2 on August 22, 2007, in a browser-based application on March 13, 2008,[31] and to Android smartphones, with augmented reality features. Google Sky allows users to view stars and other celestial bodies.[32] It was produced by Google
Google
through a partnership with the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) in Baltimore, the science operations center for the Hubble Space Telescope. Dr. Alberto Conti and his co-developer Dr. Carol Christian of STScI plan to add the public images from 2007,[33] as well as color images of all of the archived data from Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys. Newly released Hubble pictures will be added to the Google
Google
Sky program as soon as they are issued. New features such as multi-wavelength data, positions of major satellites and their orbits as well as educational resources will be provided to the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
community and also through Christian and Conti's website for Sky.[34] Also visible on Sky mode are constellations, stars, galaxies, and animations depicting the planets in their orbits. A real-time Google
Google
Sky mashup of recent astronomical transients, using the VOEvent protocol, is being provided by the VOEventNet collaboration.[35] Other programs similar to Google
Google
Sky include Microsoft WorldWide Telescope
Microsoft WorldWide Telescope
and Stellarium. Google
Google
Mars[edit] Google
Google
Mars
Mars
is an application within Google
Google
Earth
Earth
that is a version of the program for imagery of the planet Mars. Google
Google
also operates a browser-based version, although the maps are of a much higher resolution within Google
Google
Earth, and include 3D terrain, as well as infrared imagery and elevation data. There are also some extremely-high-resolution images from the Mars
Mars
Reconnaissance Orbiter's HiRISE
HiRISE
camera that are of a similar resolution to those of the cities on Earth. Finally, there are many high-resolution panoramic images from various Mars
Mars
landers, such as the Mars
Mars
Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, that can be viewed in a similar way to Google Street View. Mars
Mars
also has a small application found near the face on Mars. It is called Meliza, a robot character the user can speak with.[36] Google
Google
Moon[edit] Originally a browser application, Google
Google
Moon
Moon
is a feature that allows exploration of the moon. Google
Google
brought the feature to Google
Google
Earth for the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11
Apollo 11
mission on July 20, 2009.[37] It was announced and demonstrated to a group of invited guests by Google
Google
along with Buzz Aldrin
Buzz Aldrin
at the Newseum
Newseum
in Washington, D.C.[38][39] Google
Google
Moon
Moon
includes several tours, including one for the Apollo missions, incorporating maps, videos, and Street View-style panoramas, all provided by NASA. Other features[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
has numerous features which allow the user to learn about specific places. These are called "layers", and include different forms of media, including photo and video. Some layers include tours, which guide the user between specific places in a set order. Layers are created using the Keyhole Markup Language, or KML, which users can also use to create customized layers.[40] Locations can be marked with placemarks and organized in folders; For example, a user can use placemarks to list interesting landmarks around the globe, then provide a description with photos and videos, which can be viewed by clicking on the placemarks while viewing the new layer in the application. In December 2006, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
added a new integration with and Panoramio. For the layer, entries are scraped for coordinates via the Coord templates. There is also a community-layer from the project-World. More coordinates are used, different types are in the display, and different languages are supported than the built-in layer.[41][42] The Panoramio
Panoramio
layer features pictures uploaded by Panoramio
Panoramio
users, placed in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
based off user-provided location data. In addition to flat images, Google
Google
Earth also includes a layer for user-submitted panoramic photos, navigable in a similar way to Street View. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
includes multiple features that allow the user to monitor current events. In 2007, Google
Google
began offering users the ability to monitor traffic data provided by Google
Google
Traffic in real time, based on information crowdsourced from the GPS-identified locations of cell phone users.[43] Flight simulators[edit]

Downtown Toronto
Toronto
as seen from an F-16 Fighting Falcon during a simulated flight

In Google
Google
Earth
Earth
4.2, a flight simulator was added to the application. It was originally a hidden feature when introduced in 2007, but starting with 4.3, it was given a labeled option in the menu. In addition to keyboard control, the simulator can be controlled with a mouse or joystick. The flight simulator can be commanded with the keyboard, mouse, or plugged-in joystick.[44][45] The simulator also runs with animation, allowing objects such as planes to animate while on the simulator.[46] Another flight simulator, GeoFS, was created under the name GEFS-Online using the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plug-in API to operate within a web browser. As of September 1, 2015, the program now uses the open-source program CesiumJS, due to the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plug-in being discontinued.[47] Liquid Galaxy[edit] Main article: Liquid Galaxy Liquid Galaxy
Liquid Galaxy
is a cluster of computers running Google
Google
Earth
Earth
creating an immersive experience. On September 30, 2010, Google
Google
made the configuration and schematics for their rigs public,[48] placing code and setup guides on the Liquid Galaxy
Liquid Galaxy
wiki.[49] Liquid Galaxy
Liquid Galaxy
has also been used as a panoramic photo viewer using KRpano, as well as a Google
Google
Street View
Street View
viewer using Peruse-a-Rue[50] Peruse-a-Rue is a method for synchronizing multiple Maps API clients.[51] Versions[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
has been released on macOS, Linux, iOS, and Android. The Linux
Linux
version began with the version 4 beta of Google
Google
Earth, as a native port using the Qt toolkit. The Free Software Foundation consider the development of a free compatible client for Google
Google
Earth to be a High Priority Free Software Project.[52] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
was released for Android on February 22, 2010,[53] and on iOS on October 27, 2008.[54][55] The mobile versions of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
can make use of multi-touch interfaces to move on the globe, zoom or rotate the view, and allow to select the current location. An automotive version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
was made available in the 2010 Audi A8.[56]

Version history

Version Release date Changes

1.0 July 2001

1.4 January 2002

1.6 February 2003

1.7.2 October 2003

2.2 August 2004

3.0 June 2005

The first version released after Google
Google
acquired Keyhole, Inc.

4.0 June 2006

4.1 May 2007

4.2 August 2007

Google
Google
Sky was introduced A flight simulator was added

4.3 April 2008

First release to implement KML version 2.2 Google
Google
Street View
Street View
was added

5.0 May 2009

Google
Google
Ocean was introduced Historical Imagery was introduced

5.1 November 2009

5.2 July 2010

6.0 March 2011

3D Trees were added

6.1 October 2011

6.2 April 2012

7.0 December 2012

Support for 3D Imagery data was introduced Tour Guide was introduced

7.1 April 2013

7.3 July 2017

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Pro became the standard version of the desktop program.

9.0 April 2017

A browser-based version of the program

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Pro[edit]

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
running on Android

Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Pro was originally the business-oriented upgrade to Google
Google
Earth, with features such as a movie maker and data importer. Up until late January 2015, it was available for $399/year, though Google
Google
decided to make it free to the public.[57][58] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Pro is currently the standard version of the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
desktop application as of version 7.3.[59] The Pro version includes add-on software for movie making, advanced printing, and precise measurements, and is currently available for Windows, macOS 10.4 or later, and Linux.[60] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plus[edit] Discontinued in December 2008, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plus was a paid subscription upgrade to Google
Google
Earth
Earth
that provided customers with the following features, most of which have become available in the free Google
Google
Earth.[61] One such feature was GPS
GPS
integration, which allowed users to read tracks and waypoints from a GPS
GPS
device. A variety of third-party applications have been created which provide this functionality using the basic version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
by generating KML or KMZ files based on user-specified or user-recorded waypoints. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Enterprise[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Enterprise is designed for use by organizations whose businesses could take advantage of the program's capabilities, for example by having a globe that holds company data available for anyone in that company.[62] As of March 20, 2015, Google
Google
has retired the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Enterprise product, with support ended March 22, 2017.[63] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Enterprise allowed developers to create maps and 3D globes for private use, and host them through the platform. GEE Fusion, GEE Server, and GEE Portable Server source code was published on GitHub under the Apache2 license in March 2017.[64] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
9[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
9 is a version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
first released on April 18, 2017, having been in development for two years.[65] The main feature of this version was the launching of a new web version of Google
Google
Earth, which is currently only available for Google
Google
Chrome.[66] This version added the "Voyager" feature, whereby users can view a portal page containing guided tours led by scientists and documentarians.[67] The version also added an "I'm Feeling Lucky" button, represented by a die, which takes the user to a random location on earth along with showing them a "Knowledge Card" containing a short excerpt from the location's article.[67] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Plug-in[edit] The Google
Google
Earth
Earth
API was a free beta service, allowing users place a version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
into web pages. The API enabled sophisticated 3D map applications to be built.[68] At its unveiling at Google's 2008 I/O developer conference, the company showcased potential applications such as a game where the player controlled a milktruck atop a Google Earth
Earth
surface.[69] The Google
Google
Earth
Earth
API has been deprecated as of December 15, 2014 and remained supported until December 15, 2015.[70] Google Chrome
Google Chrome
ended support for the Netscape Plugin API (which the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
API relies on) by the end of 2016.[71] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
VR[edit] On November 16, 2016, Google
Google
released a virtual reality version of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
for Valve's Steam computer gaming platform.[72][73] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
VR allows users to navigate using VR controllers, and is currently compatible with the Oculus Rift
Oculus Rift
and HTC Vive
HTC Vive
virtual reality headsets. On September 14, 2017, as part of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
VR's 1.4 update, Google
Google
added Street View
Street View
support.[74] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Outreach[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Outreach is a charity program, through which Google promotes and donates to various non-profit organizations. Beginning in 2007, donations are often accompanied by layers featured in Google Earth, allowing users to view a non-profit's projects and goals by navigating to certain related locations.[75] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Outreach offers online training on using Google
Google
Earth
Earth
and Google
Google
Maps for public education on issues affecting local regions or the entire globe. In June 2008, training was given to 20 indigenous tribes in the Amazon rainforest, such as the Suruí, to help them preserve their culture and raise awareness for the problem of deforestation.[76] Non-profit organizations featured in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
via the Outreach program include Arkive, the Global Heritage Fund, WaterAid, and the World Wide Fund for Nature.[77][78] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine[edit] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine is a cloud computing platform for processing satellite imagery and other geospatial and observation data. It provides access to a large database of satellite imagery and the computational power needed to analyze those images.[79] Google
Google
Earth Engine allows observation of dynamic changes in agriculture, natural resources, and climate using geospatial data from the Landsat satellite program, which passes over the same places on the Earth every sixteen days.[80][81] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine has become a platform that makes Landsat
Landsat
and Sentinel-2 data easily accessible to researchers in collaboration with the Google
Google
Cloud Storage.[80] The Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine provides a data catalog along with computers for analysis; this allows scientists to collaborate using data, algorithms, and visualizations.[82] The platform uses Python and Javascript application programming interfaces for making requests to the servers. [83] Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine has been used multiple times as a tool for tracking deforestation. Initial applications of the engine have included mapping the forests of Mexico, identifying water in the Congo basin, and detecting deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.[84] Using the Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine to track global forest loss or gain, the University of Maryland
University of Maryland
reported an overall loss in global forest cover.[85] The Carnegie Institute for Science’s CLASlite system and Imazon’s Sisteme de Alerta de Deforesation (SAD) are two institutions that partnered with Google
Google
in the development of Google Earth
Earth
Engine. Both organizations use the program to build maps of forests that measure environmental disturbances.[86] Additionally, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine has been expanded to further applications. These range from: Tiger Habitat Monitoring,[87] Malaria Risk Mapping[88] and Global Surface Water.[89] Controversy and criticism[edit] Further information: Satellite
Satellite
map images with missing or unclear data The software has been criticized by a number of special interest groups, including national officials, as being an invasion of privacy or posing a threat to national security. The typical argument is that the software provides information about military or other critical installations that could be used by terrorists. Google
Google
Earth
Earth
has been blocked by Google
Google
in Iran[90] and Sudan[91] since 2007, due to United States government export restrictions. The program has also been blocked in Morocco since 2006 by Maroc Telecom, a major service provider in the country.[92]

Blurred out image of the Royal Stables in The Hague, Netherlands. This has since been partially lifted.

In the academic realm, increasing attention has been devoted to both Google
Google
Earth
Earth
and its place in the development of digital globes. In particular, the International Journal of Digital Earth
Earth
features multiple articles evaluating and comparing the development Google Earth
Earth
and its differences when compared to other professional, scientific, and governmental platforms.[93] Google
Google
Earth's role in the expansion of "earth observing media" has been examined for its role in shaping a shared cultural consciousness regarding climate change and humanity's capacity to treat the earth as an engineerable object.[94] Defense[edit]

In 2006, one user spotted a large topographical replica in a remote region of China. The model is a small-scale (1/500) version of the Karakoram
Karakoram
Mountain Range, which is under the control of China but claimed by India. When later confirmed as a replica of this region, spectators began entertaining military implications.[95][96] In July 2007, it was reported that a new Chinese Navy Jin-class nuclear ballistic missile submarine was photographed at the Xiaopingdao Submarine
Submarine
Base south of Dalian.[97] Hamas
Hamas
and the al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades have reportedly used Google Earth
Earth
to plan Qassam rocket
Qassam rocket
attacks on Israel from Gaza (See: List of Qassam rocket
Qassam rocket
attacks.)[98][99]

National security[edit]

Former President of India
President of India
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
expressed concern over the availability of high-resolution pictures of sensitive locations in India.[100] Google
Google
subsequently agreed to censor such sites.[101] The Indian Space Research Organisation
Indian Space Research Organisation
said Google
Google
Earth
Earth
poses a security threat to India, and seeks dialogue with Google officials.[102] The South Korean government expressed concern that the software offers images of the presidential palace and various military installations that could possibly be used by hostile neighbor North Korea.[103] In 2006, Google
Google
Earth
Earth
began offering detailed images of classified areas in Israel. The images showed Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
bases, including secret Israeli Air Force
Israeli Air Force
facilities, Israel's Arrow missile defense system, military headquarters and Defense Ministry compound in Tel Aviv, a top-secret power station near Ashkelon, and the Negev Nuclear Research Center. Also shown was the alleged headquarters of the Mossad, Israel's foreign intelligence service, whose location is highly classified.[104][105] As a result of pressure from the United States government, the residence of the Vice President at Number One Observatory Circle
Number One Observatory Circle
was obscured through pixelization in Google
Google
Earth
Earth
and Google
Google
Maps in 2006, but this restriction has since been lifted. The usefulness of this downgrade is questionable, as high-resolution photos and aerial surveys of the property are readily available on the Internet elsewhere.[106] Capitol Hill
Capitol Hill
also used to be pixelized in this way. The Royal Stables in The Hague, Netherlands
Netherlands
also used to be pixelized, and are still pixelized at high zoom levels. The lone surviving gunman involved in the 2008 Mumbai attacks admitted to using Google
Google
Earth
Earth
to familiarise himself with the locations of buildings used in the attacks.[107] Michael Finton, aka Talib Islam, used Google
Google
Earth
Earth
in planning his attempted September 24, 2009, bombing of the Paul Findley Federal Building and the adjacent offices of Congressman Aaron Schock
Aaron Schock
in Springfield, Illinois.[108]

Other concerns[edit]

Operators of the Lucas Heights nuclear reactor in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia asked Google
Google
to censor high-resolution pictures of the facility.[109] They later withdrew the request.[110] In 2009, Google
Google
superimposed old woodblock prints of maps from 18th and 19th century Japan over Japan today. These maps marked areas inhabited by the burakumin caste, who were considered "non-humans" for their "dirty" occupations, including leather tanning and butchery. Descendants of members of the burakumin caste still face discrimination today and many Japanese people feared that some would use these areas, labeled etamura (穢多村, translation: "village of an abundance of defilement""), to target current inhabitants of them. These maps are still visible on Google
Google
Earth, but with the label removed where necessary.[111] Late 2000s versions of Google
Google
Earth
Earth
require a software component running in the background that will automatically download and install updates. Several users expressed concerns that there is not an easy way to disable this updater, as it runs without the permission of the user.[112]

See also[edit]

Geoweb Google
Google
Earth
Earth
Engine Keyhole Markup Language Orthophotomap Planet Google, a book by Randall Stross about Google
Google
and its products, including Earth. Virtual globe Web mapping

Similar programs

Bhuvan Bing Maps
Bing Maps
Platform Marble NASA
NASA
World Wind Oracle Spatial and Graph

References[edit]

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Google
Earth". Google. Retrieved 11 March 2018.  ^ " Google
Google
Earth". Google. Google. March 1, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.  ^ " Google
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Earth". Google
Google
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Google
Inc. (March 1, 2018). " Google
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Earth". App Store. Apple. Retrieved March 1, 2018.  ^ " Google
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Earth
Earth
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