Gongshan
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Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County (; Lisu: ꓗꓳꓹ-ꓢ ꓔꓴꓽ-ꓡꓳꓽ ꓫꓵꓽ ꓠꓳꓸ ꓫꓵꓽ ꓚꓲꓸ ꓛꓬꓽ ꓗꓪꓼ ꓫꓵꓽ ꓫꓯꓹ; Derung: Koksang, the name has nothing to do with the Derung language for
Gaoligong Mountains The Gaoligong Mountains, (), are a mountainous sub-range of the southern Hengduan Mountain Range, located in the western Yunnan Yunnan () is a landlocked Provinces of China, province in Southwest China, the southwest of the People's Republic o ...
) is an
autonomous county Autonomous counties and autonomous banners are Counties of China, county-level autonomous administrative divisions of China. The two are essentially identical except in name. There are 117 autonomous Counties of China, counties and three autonomo ...
located in
Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture Nùjiāng Lisu Autonomous Prefecture () is an autonomous prefecture of western/northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. Name It is named after the Salween, Nujiang river (the longest undammed river in Southeast Asia) and the Lisu ...

Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture
, in the northwest of Yunnan province, China. It has an area of and a population of about 37,894 according to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, 2010 Census. The county government is stationed in Cikai Town ( Derung: Svkeun) The Nu people in Gongshan (Vnung'long) belongs to the Anu branch (Vnung) and use the Anu language (Nujiang dialect of the Derung language).


Etymology

The county is named after the
Gaoligong Mountains The Gaoligong Mountains, (), are a mountainous sub-range of the southern Hengduan Mountain Range, located in the western Yunnan Yunnan () is a landlocked Provinces of China, province in Southwest China, the southwest of the People's Republic o ...
(), which run through the county. The country is known historically as Chamutong or Tramutang.


Administrative divisions

The county is divided into two Towns of China, towns and three Townships of China, townships.


History

The People's Liberation Army took the county on August 25, 1949, and a provisional government was set up on March 11, 1950. On April 8, the Gongshan County People's Government was established. In October 1956, Gongshan County was changed to Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County.


Geography

Gongshan occupies the northmost part of
Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture Nùjiāng Lisu Autonomous Prefecture () is an autonomous prefecture of western/northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. Name It is named after the Salween, Nujiang river (the longest undammed river in Southeast Asia) and the Lisu ...

Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture
, and has a latitude with a range of 27°29’ to 28°23’N, and a longitude with a range of 98°08’ to 98°56’E. The county covers an area of , and borders Zayü County in the Tibet Autonomous Region to the north, and Myanmar to the west. The county's boundary with Burma is 172.008 kilometers in length, and the county's boundary with Tibet is 135 kilometers. It is located in the Hengduan Mountains, and with the Salween River, Salween and N'Mai River, N'Mai rivers running through the county. The N'Mai River is known for its green appearance. In the spring, flowers blossom in the fields and gardens of . The county's three major mountain ranges are the Biluo Snow Mountains (), the
Gaoligong Mountains The Gaoligong Mountains, (), are a mountainous sub-range of the southern Hengduan Mountain Range, located in the western Yunnan Yunnan () is a landlocked Provinces of China, province in Southwest China, the southwest of the People's Republic o ...
, and the . File:1.the first bend of Nu river.jpg, The Salween River flowing through Gongshan File:5.southern Chinese riverside town——Ridang.jpg, Ridang, Gongshan


Climate


Demographics

The county's population as of the 2010 Chinese census, 2010 Chinese Census was 37,894, up from the 34,746 recorded in the 2000 Chinese census, 2000 Chinese Census, and the 33,000 people estimated to be living in the county as of 1996. As of 2003, 34,622 people were living in the county, of which, 83.8% lived in rural areas. The ethnic composition of the county in 2003 was 51.7% Lisu people, Lisu, 18.2% Nu people, Nu, 14.7% Derung people, Derung, 4.6% Tibetan people, Tibetan, 6.3% other List of ethnic groups in China, officially recognized ethnic groups, and the remaining 4.5% belonging to unrecognized ethnic groups.


Economy

Mineral deposits in the county include lead, tin, zinc, white marble, and mutton fat jade ().


Culture

Gongshan is a notoriously remote place, isolated by its mountains and gorges. National Geographic author Joseph F. Rock came to the area during the 1920s and early 1930s, and wrote about the area in several articles for National Geographic Magazine. He described Gongshan as a virgin land where no white man had ever came before, and as a paradise for explorers, photographers and botanists. The county's Derung people, Derung and Nu people, Nu people host numerous ethnic festivals. File:K.peach flower festival.jpg, Peach flower festival in Gongshan File:L.water mill.jpg, Water mill in Gongshan File:A.the cross.jpg, Salween River in Gongshan, Yunnan


Piao Niu Wu

Piao Niu Wu (, literally "slaughter cattle dance") is a traditional ceremony of the Derung people, Derung People unique to Gongshan County. Traditionally performed during Derung New Year, the ceremony is prepared by tying a cattle to a sacrificial pole with traditional Derung rope, placing bead ornaments on the cattle, and placing other material sacrifices in front of it. The host of the ceremony then leads a prayer, and another man pierces the cattle's heart with a bamboo spear once the prayer is finished. Before preparing the dead cattle for further use, the ceremony host performs a ritual fortune-telling. This follows with traditional song and dance. In modern times, the festival has become less common, and is typically for entertainment purposes, rather than spiritual ones.


See also

*Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas – UNESCO World Heritage Site *Dimaluo – village in Pengdang Township


References


External links


Gongshan County
{{authority control County-level divisions of Nujiang Prefecture Autonomous counties of the People's Republic of China