Gong Liu


Gong Liu or Gong (title), Duke Liu (Chinese language, Chinese: traditional characters, t , simplified characters, s , pinyin, p ''Gōng Liú'') was a Chinese nobility, noble of ancient China. He was an important early leader of the Ji (surname), Ji clan, which later founded the Zhou dynasty. His father was Ji Ju.


In Chinese mythology, the Zhou lineage traditionally began with Jiang Yuan, a consort of the Emperor Ku, who miraculously conceived "the Hou Ji, Abandoned One" after stepping into a divine footprint. His son Buzhu was said to be displeased with the decadence of the Xia dynasty, Xia court and to have resigned his post as director of agriculture, moving the clan to Tai (city), Tai. Either Buzhu or his heir Ji Ju abandoned agriculture entirely and enjoyed living the nomadic lifestyle of their Xirong, Rong and Beidi, Di hua-Yi distinction, barbarian neighbors.


Gong Liu was credited with restoring agriculture among his people and leading them to their subsequent prosperity. He led his people away from their new home at Tai (city), Tai to a new place called Bin (city), Bin, where they prospered at the expense of neighboring Xirong, Rong tribes. His son was Qingjie. After Zhou’s defeat of the Shang dynasty, Shang at battle of Muye, Muye and the establishment of the Kingdom of Zhou, Gong Liu was commemorated with an ode among the Great Hymns in the Confucian Classics, Chinese classic ''Book of Songs (Chinese), Book of Songs''. This ode tells the story of the preparations and move to Bin.''Shijing, Book of Songs'', s:Shih King, the Book of Odes/Part III/The Second Decade/Ode 6, III.2.6.

See also

* ''Book of Songs (Chinese), Book of Songs'' * Ancestry of the Zhou dynasty



External links

Ode to Duke Liu
{{Authority control Shang dynasty people, Nobility Ancient Chinese states Zhou dynasty nobility