GOLDSWORTHY LOWES DICKINSON (6 August 1862 – 3 August 1932), known as GOLDIE, was a British political scientist and philosopher. He led most of his life at Cambridge , where he wrote a dissertation on Neoplatonism before becoming a fellow. He was closely associated with the Bloomsbury Group .
Dickinson was deeply distressed by Britain's involvement in the First
World War . Within a fortnight of the war's breaking out he drew up
the idea of a
League of Nations
* 1 Life
* 1.1 Early years
* 1.2 Career
First World War
* 2 Works * 3 References * 4 Further reading * 5 External links
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson
Dickinson was born in London, the son of Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819–1908), a portrait painter, by his marriage to Margaret Ellen Williams, a daughter of William Smith Williams who was literary advisor to Smith, Elder "> 11 Edwardes Square , London W8, Dickinson's London home Blue plaque
In the summer of 1885 he worked at a co-operative farm, Craig Farm at
With financial help from his father, Dickinson then began to study for a medical degree, beginning in October 1886 at Cambridge. Although he became dissatisfied with his new subject and nearly decided to drop out, he persevered and passed his M.B. examinations in 1887 and 1888. Yet he finally decided he was not interested in a career in medicine.
In March 1887 a dissertation on
Dickinson then settled down at Cambridge, although he again lectured
through the University Extension Scheme, travelling to Newcastle ,
Dickinson did not live the detached life of a stereotypical Cambridge professor. When G. K. Chesterton chose contemporary thinkers with whom he disagreed for his book _Heretics_ (1905), the focus of Chapter 12 was "Paganism and Mr. Lowes Dickinson". There Chesterton writes:
Mr. Lowes Dickinson, the most pregnant and provocative of recent writers on this and similar subjects, is far too solid a man to have fallen into this old error of the mere anarchy of Paganism. To make hay of that Hellenic enthusiasm which has as its ideal mere appetite and egotism, it is not necessary to know much philosophy, but merely to know a little Greek. Mr. Lowes Dickinson knows a great deal of philosophy, and also a great deal of Greek, and his error, if error he has, is not that of the crude hedonist. But the contrast which he offers between Christianity and Paganism in the matter of moral ideals—a contrast which he states very ably in a paper called "How Long Halt Ye?" which appeared in the _Independent Review_—does, I think, contain an error of a deeper kind.
Dickinson was a lecturer in political science from 1886 to his
retirement in 1920, and the college librarian from 1893 to 1896.
Dickinson helped establish the Economics and Politics Tripos and
taught political science within the University. For 15 years he also
lectured at the
London School of Economics
In 1897 he made his first trip to
He joined the Society of Psychical Research in 1890, and served on its Council from 1904 to 1920.
In 1903 he helped to found the _Independent Review_. Edward Jenks was editor, and members of its editorial board included Dickinson, F. W. Hirst , C. F. G. Masterman , G. M. Trevelyan , and Nathaniel Wedd. Fry designed the front cover. Over the years Dickinson contributed a number of articles to it, some later reprinted in _Religion: A Criticism and a Forecast_ (1905) and _Religion and Immortality_ (1911).
FIRST WORLD WAR AND AFTER
Within a fortnight of the start of the
First World War
In 1929 the Talks Department of the
DEATH AND LEGACY
After a prostate operation in 1932, Dickinson appeared to be recovering, but he died on 3 August. Memorial services were held in King\'s College Chapel, Cambridge , and in London.
E. M. Forster , by then a good friend, who had been influenced by Dickinson's books, accepted the appointment as Dickinson's literary executor. Dickinson's sisters then asked Forster to write their brother's biography, which was published as _Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson_ in 1934. Forster has been criticised for refraining from publishing details of Dickinson's sexual proclivities, including his foot fetishism and unrequited love for young men.
* _Revolution and Reaction in Modern France_, 1892
* _The Development of Parliament during the Nineteenth Century_,
* _The Greek View of Life_, 1896, 1909
* _Letters from John Chinaman and Other Essays_, 1901
* _The Meaning of Good: A Dialogue_, 1901
* _Letters from a Chinese Official; Being an Eastern View of Western
Civilization_, 1903 (published anonymously)
* _Religion. A Criticism and a Forecast_, 1905
* _A Modern Symposium_, 1905
* _From King To King_, 1907
* _Justice and Liberty: A Political Dialogue_, 1908
* _Is Immortality Desirable?_, 1909
* _Religion and Immortality_, 1911
* _An Essay on the Civilisations of India, China Being Notes of
* _After the War_, 1915
* _The European Anarchy_, 1916
* _The Choice Before Us_, 1917
* _Causes of International War_, 1920
* _The Magic Flute: A Fantasia_, 1920
* _War: Its Nature, Cause and Cure_, 1923
* _The International Anarchy, 1904–1918_, 1926
* _After Two Thousand Years: A Dialogue between
* _The Autobiography of G. Lowes Dickinson: and other unpublished writings_, 1973, edited by Dennis Proctor, published by Duckworth, 287 pages, ISBN 0-7156-0647-6 (hardcover)
* ^ T. S. Eliot (2011). _The Letters of T. S. Eliot: Volume 1: 1898–1922, Revised Edition_. Yale University Press. p. 523. ISBN 9780300176452 . affectionately known as 'Goldie' * ^ Forster, E. M., _Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson_, p. 80 * ^ "Dickinson, Goldsworthy Lowes (DKN881GL)". _A Cambridge Alumni Database_. University of Cambridge. * ^ David Halperin , _One Hundred Years of Homosexuality_, Routledge, 1990, 'Introduction', p. 2. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The Papers of Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson", _Janus_, retrieved 27 February 2007 * ^ _After the War_ (1915), p. 34 * ^ "Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson", _Literary Encyclopedia_, retrieved 27 February 2007 (subscription required)
* E. M. Forster , (1934), "Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson", edited by L. G. Wickham Legg, London: Edward Arnold, 277 pages (hardcover) * P. D. Proctor, (1949), pages 225–227 in "The Dictionary of National Biography 1931–1940", edited by L. G. Wickham Legg, London: Oxford University Press, 968 pages (hardcover)
* Forster, E. M., and Ronald Edmond Balfour. _Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson_. London: E. Arnold & Co, 1934. * Dickinson, G. Lowes. _The Autobiography of G. Lowes Dickinson, and Other Unpublished Writings_. : Duckworth, 1973. * Fry, Roger, and J. T. Sheppard. _Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinso