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Golaghat
Golaghat
(/ˌɡoʊlɑːɡhɑːt/ Golāghāt, Assamese pronunciation: [ˌgəʊləˈgɑ:t]; one of the largest subdivisions of Assam, later elevated to the position of a full–fledged district headquarter on 15 August 1987, is a city,[4] and a municipality, and the seat of administrative operations of Golaghat
Golaghat
district, besides being a sister city to Jorhat
Jorhat
which is about 55 km away. It is one of the oldest urban areas[5][6] in Assam
Assam
that recently made its way to the Smart Cities nominations' list, along with Guwahati
Guwahati
and four other prominent urban areas of the state,[7][8][9][10] although losing out to Guwahati
Guwahati
at the final stage. The Dhansiri, one of the tributaries of the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
passes through Golaghat
Golaghat
and is the primary water source for its citizens. One of the earliest tea urban centres in Assam
Assam
that has been the headquarters of the oldest subdivision for over 180–181 years since 1839,[11][12] Golaghat
Golaghat
was raised to the level of a District in the year 1987. The local government body, Golaghat Municipal Board (GMB), was established in 1920, and is one of the earliest civic bodies of the state of Assam
Assam
formed before Indian Independence of 1947 that has been responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Golaghat. It is a historical body in terms of its age that has been in operation since 1920. Golaghat
Golaghat
has the earliest post/mail service and telegraphic communication systems in Assam
Assam
dating back to 1876.[13] It has the oldest social – literature/rhetorical congresses of Assam
Assam
– the Golaghat
Golaghat
Sahitya Sabha, of Asam Sahitya Sabha, started in 1918. The Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
(GATS), is one of the oldest theatre societies that was established in 1895[14] to uplift the dramatic and cultural activities in the state of Assam, particularly in Golaghat. The Golaghat Bar Association
Golaghat Bar Association
(GBA), established in 1891, is one of the oldest legal societies in Assam, especially in the Upper – Assam division. Golaghat
Golaghat
has a number of heritage buildings and sites[1] – the Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery, established in 1876,[15] the Bezbaruah Higher Secondary School, set up in the late 19th century in the year 1886[16] by the educationalist Dinanath Bezbarua, the Baptist Church founder by American missionaries in 1898, the Mission School set–up by British missionaries in 1919, Assam's first department store – Doss & Co., constructed in 1930, and incorporated under the Registrar of Companies (RoC) – Shillong
Shillong
in the year 1955[17] to name a few.[18] Assam's first major political party, the AGP was formed here and launched in the year 1985 at the historic Golaghat
Golaghat
Convention[19] and by 2008, the same members of the historic Golaghat
Golaghat
convention[20] reunified the party at this place.[21] It is the only place in Assam
Assam
to have Sports Authority of India
India
– Sports Training Centre (STC) after Guwahati. The place is also the headquarters of The North Eastern Tea Association
North Eastern Tea Association
(NETA),[22] one of the tea growers' groups in the state of Assam, a constituent member of Consultative Committee of Plantation Associations (CCPA), Assam
Assam
Valley branch.[23] Golaghat
Golaghat
has played a significant role in the tea industry of Assam and there is a saying that one can’t make bad tea in the Golaghat belt. The small tea growers’ movement was also started from Golaghat. As per the latest statistics, Golaghat
Golaghat
has the third highest number of small tea growers (STGs) and third highest number of bought leaf factories (BLFs) in Assam.[24]

Contents

1 Divisions 2 Etymology 3 History

3.1 British Rule

4 Administration

4.1 Local government

5 Geography

5.1 Scope 5.2 Status 5.3 Topography 5.4 Climate

5.4.1 Summer 5.4.2 Winter

5.5 Architecture

6 Demography 7 Golaghat
Golaghat
image gallery 8 Transport 9 Education

9.1 Primary and secondary education

9.1.1 Schools

9.1.1.1 Primary 9.1.1.2 High School and Higher or Senior Secondary

9.1.2 Colleges 9.1.3 Others

10 Culture

10.1 Leisure and entertainment

10.1.1 Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana

10.2 Museum and heritage sites and buildings

10.2.1 Natural History Museum – Golaghat 10.2.2 Golaghat
Golaghat
Baptist Church 10.2.3 Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery 10.2.4 Doss & Co. – Golaghat 10.2.5 Deopahar ruins

10.3 Music and art

10.3.1 Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
(GATS) 10.3.2 Ajanta Kala Mandal 10.3.3 Queen's Arts' and Cultural Complex ( Sati Sadhani Kalakshetra)

10.3.3.1 Floor space and facilities

11 Recreation

11.1 Parks and open spaces

11.1.1 Garampani Wildlife
Wildlife
Sanctuary 11.1.2 Kaziranga National Park 11.1.3 Nambor – Doigrung Wildlife
Wildlife
Sanctuary

11.2 Walking

11.2.1 Dhansiri river bank 11.2.2 Jamuna boating park 11.2.3 Jamuna water body 11.2.4 Japixojia lake (beel)

12 Sports

12.1 Sports' clubs and associations

13 Localities

13.1 Oldest prominent neighbourhood 13.2 Other neighbourhoods 13.3 Suburbs

14 Politics

14.1 Formation of AGP

15 Notable personalities 16 See also 17 References 18 External links

18.1 Government

Divisions[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
has been divided into following divisions:

Golaghat
Golaghat
Central Golaghat
Golaghat
East Golaghat
Golaghat
North Golaghat
Golaghat
South Golaghat
Golaghat
West Morangi

Etymology[edit] The name Golaghat
Golaghat
('Gola' which means shop and 'Ghat' meaning the landing point of river ferry or enclosure for boats) originated from the shops established by the 'Marwari' businessmen during the mid-20th century at the bank of river Dhansiri near present Golaghat. History[edit]

Skyline of Golaghat
Golaghat
Central (west)

Fountain
Fountain
demonstration at Golaghat
Golaghat
traffic circle

Fountain
Fountain
display under pale lighting

Fountain
Fountain
display under dark lighting

Stone inscription of Nagajari Khanikar gaon of Sarupathar, dating back to the 5th century, reveals that there was an independent kingdom in Doyang – Dhansiri valley and relics of ramparts, brick structures, temples, tanks etc. discovered in these area confirms the presence of a kingdom during 9th and 10th century. The Doyang – Dhansiri valley came under the rule of Ahom's during the 16th century. Prior to that, this part was ruled by the Kacharis known as Herombial. During Ahom rule this area was under 'Morongi – Khowa Gohain', an administrative officer. British Rule[edit] During the declining days of Ahoms, when their independent sovereignty had come to an end, Purandar Singha
Purandar Singha
was entrusted in 1833 with the administration of Upper – Assam
Assam
by the East India
India
Company who had already won mastery over Assam. However this artificial ornamentation by scion of Ahom Royal House was short lived and in the year 1838 AD the whole area was resumed by the authorities of the East India Company and annexed to the British territory with the appointment of Col Aham White as the political agent on 16 September during the same year. By a proclamation in 1839, the British took possession of Assam, and the area was divided into two districts of Lakhimpur and Sivasagar, where Doyang – Dhansiri valley was included under the newly formed Golaghat
Golaghat
subdivision of Sibsagar
Sibsagar
(now Sivasagar) district in 1839. Golaghat
Golaghat
became the largest subdivision in Assam
Assam
and comprised Dergaon
Dergaon
and Golaghat
Golaghat
circles. Golaghat
Golaghat
circle was the largest among them and with only 150.10 sq. mi of area Dergaon
Dergaon
was the smallest. During this time, Purandar Singha
Purandar Singha
continued to rule with Jorhat
Jorhat
as the capital of his territory, Upper Assam, but with the formation of two other subdivisions, one at Jaipur and the other at Golaghat. On 18 December 1846 Jorhat
Jorhat
was declared as a subdivision comprising certain portions of Golaghat
Golaghat
subdivision. In 1751 certain portions of Barpathar, Sarupathar Barangi mauzas of Golaghat
Golaghat
circle and Duarbagari of Bokakhat circle transferred to the United Mikir and N.C. Hills district.[25] Golaghat
Golaghat
was later elevated to the position of a full–fledged district in Assam
Assam
comprising an area of 3,502 km2 (or 1, 352.13 sq. mi) on 15 August 1987. Golaghat
Golaghat
boasts of having one of the earliest post/mail service and telegraphic communication systems. The earliest head post offices of the Assam
Assam
Circle of British Assam
Assam
were located in Golaghat
Golaghat
besides Debrughur, Gouhati, Jorhat, Nowgaon, Sibsagar, Shillong
Shillong
and Tezpore (spellings as appear in the book – Glimpse of Assam).[26] Much later after telegraph lines had been stretched between Calcutta
Calcutta
and Guwahati in 1869; Golaghat
Golaghat
got its speaking wires' system in and around 1876. The telegraphic lines (speaking wires) were stretched to connect Golaghat
Golaghat
with Kohima
Kohima
(in Nagaland), Shillong
Shillong
with Guwahati, Sibsagar with Nazira and Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
with Makum.[26] In British Assam, Golaghat
Golaghat
derived its importance chiefly because of having advanced communication systems during that time and on account of its connection by road with Kohima.[27] Golaghat
Golaghat
also has one of the oldest railway lines in Assam.[28] Text noted from the book Glimpse of Assam
Assam
written by Mrs. SR Ward in 1884 states that, Mr Bryers who was then the Chief of Cachar and Assam Railway Survey succeeded in finding a railway route that would be carried up the Dhansiri valley to Golaghat... thus giving Assam
Assam
direct railway communication with Chittagong
Chittagong
and Calcutta.[28]

Golaghat
Golaghat
Sahitya Sabha is one of the oldest congresses of Asam Sahitya Sabha .

Logo of Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
(GATS) – ESTD 1895 .

Golaghat
Golaghat
is known for its notable contribution in India's Freedom Struggle, Arts, Literature and Culture and Sports.

Kushal Konwar, Kamala Miri, Dwariki Das, Biju Vaishnav, Sankar Chandra Barua, Shri Tara P. Barooah, Maheshwar Barooah, Rajendra Nath Barua, Gaurilal Jain, Ganga Ram Bormedhi and Dwarikanath Goswami are eminent freedom fighters of the town.[29] The Golaghat
Golaghat
Sahitya Sabha is one of the oldest congresses of Asam Sahitya Sabha, started in 1918. The most prominent writer of the 19th century who hailed from Golaghat was Hem Chandra Barua, the writer of first Assamese dictionary Hemkosh. Ghanashyam Barua
Barua
of Golaghat, who was also famous in the field of politics as the first Central Minister of Assam, translated William Shakespeare's The Comedy of Errors
The Comedy of Errors
into the Assamese language
Assamese language
along with three of his partners. Golaghat
Golaghat
has played an important role in the field of sports in Assam. The tea centre has produced several National and International players of repute in athletics, table tennis, tennis, boxing and football. Sports Authority of India
India
has a training centre at SAI sports' complex in Golaghat. Golaghat
Golaghat
Tennis
Tennis
Club (GTC) is one of the oldest in Assam. Presently, besides two clay courts, there are also 2 lawn courts at Kushal Konwar Memorial Trust complex. The old club is now equipped with modern infrastructure facilities that include the facility of floodlight system and qualified coach. The club has been organising North East Tennis
Tennis
Championship and other AITA tournaments regularly since 1987. The Lawn
Lawn
court at Kushal Konwar
Kushal Konwar
Memorial Trust Complex located near Mission Circle in Golaghat
Golaghat
is the only grass court in Assam. Numaligarh
Numaligarh
Refinery, located at Morangi area, Numaligarh
Numaligarh
is one of the employment and revenue generating sectors of Golaghat.

Administration[edit] Local government[edit] Main article: Golaghat
Golaghat
Municipal Board The administration of Golaghat
Golaghat
is formed of two tiers: a citywide and a local tier. The citywide administration is coordinated by the Golaghat
Golaghat
Development Authority, while the local administration is carried out by the Golaghat
Golaghat
Municipal Board. The development authority functions under Directorate of Town and Country Planning – Urban Development Department, Government of Assam,[30] and is responsible for the implementation of infrastructure projects, besides preparation of master plan for Golaghat
Golaghat
urban area to ensure distributed growth.[31] The authority works closely with the municipal board. The municipal board covers the geographical area of 7.32 square kilometres (2.83 sq mi) within Golaghat
Golaghat
and has the administration over 9,646 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage, besides performing certain obligatory services as a part of the local administration. The Deputy Commissioner of Golaghat
Golaghat
is the executive head of Golaghat and is responsible for law and order, implementation of government schemes, besides being also authorised to hear revenue cases pertaining to the district. The Chairperson of Golaghat
Golaghat
is an elected person and is accountable for the strategic government of Golaghat
Golaghat
headquarters. The Chairperson of Golaghat
Golaghat
directs the entirety of Golaghat, and each ward of Golaghat
Golaghat
also has an elected Ward Commissioner. The main functions include, but not limited to the following:

Strategic planning, including housing, waste management, the environment and production of the Golaghat
Golaghat
Master Plan Refuse or permit planning permission on strategic grounds Transport policy Fire and emergency planning, delivered by the functional body Fire & Emergency Services, Assam Policing and crime policy Economic development, delivered through the functional body Golaghat Development Authority Power to create development corporations

Geography[edit]

Proposed master plan area of Golaghat

Scope[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
is located at 26°31′N 93°58′E / 26.52°N 93.97°E / 26.52; 93.97.[32] It has an average elevation of 95 metres (311 feet). The Golaghat
Golaghat
telephone area code (03774) covers a larger area, the entire Golaghat
Golaghat
district, while the postal index number 785 621 and 785 702 are for the Golaghat
Golaghat
H.O. (Head Post Office) and the sub – office delivery in Bengenakhowa,[33] besides branch office in Missionpatty.[34] Status[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
presently comprises the areas within the jurisdiction of Golaghat Municipal Board however, the proposed planning covers an extended area of Golaghat
Golaghat
Grant and Bengenakhowa Grant, besides the Amolapatty region. Topography[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
encompasses a total area of 7.32 square kilometres (2.83 sq mi), an area which has a population of ~ 60,000 and a population density of ~ 8303.55 inhabitants per square kilometres (21,506 inhabitants per square mile). Dhansiri River, one of the important tributaries of Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
River, is the primary geographical feature of Golaghat
Golaghat
which is a navigable river and the main factor for the growth human settlements in the region. The Dhansiri is a tidal river, and Golaghat
Golaghat
and surrounding areas are vulnerable to flooding.[35] Climate[edit]

Dhansiri River view

Like most of the hill areas of Northeast India, Golaghat
Golaghat
has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb) characterised by pleasant, dry and sunny winters and warm, humid and very wet summers. Summer[edit] The summer season is very warm and usually humid starting from the end of March, and continuing until October. Golaghat
Golaghat
falls within the temperate region with monsoon-type rainfall prevailing through the year. Summer days typically range from 20 to 24 °C (68.0 to 75.2 °F) but the humidity makes it feel hotter. South–west monsoons that lasts from June to September are responsible for a total average of 1,686 millimetres or 66.38 inches out of an annual total of 2,295 millimetres (90.35 in) of annual rainfall.[36] Winter[edit] Winter commences from the month of November with less rainfall and misty mornings and afternoons. By December, afternoon temperatures are a pleasant 16 °C or 60.8 °F and mornings average 8 °C or 46.4 °F. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall.

Climate data for Golaghat: Statistics from Dibrugarh/Mohanbari weather station (The data for averages are taken from year 2000 to 2012)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 15 (59) 15 (59) 17 (63) 20 (68) 20 (68) 23 (73) 22 (72) 24 (75) 23 (73) 22 (72) 19 (66) 16 (61) 19.7 (67.5)

Average low °C (°F) 8 (46) 9 (48) 13 (55) 15 (59) 16 (61) 20 (68) 18 (64) 19 (66) 18 (64) 17 (63) 12 (54) 8 (46) 14.4 (57.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 30 (1.18) 54 (2.13) 57 (2.24) 96 (3.78) 210 (8.27) 405 (15.94) 510 (20.08) 360 (14.17) 411 (16.18) 114 (4.49) 21 (0.83) 27 (1.06) 2,295 (90.35)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6 10 13 17 18 21 24 22 20 11 4 4 170

Source #1: [37]

Source #2: [38]

Although located in the one of the environmentally clean regions of India, the recent studies of air pollution levels in Golaghat
Golaghat
have suggest poor air quality in the region with harmful air particulate matter levels higher than the standards.[39] Architecture[edit] Being one of the oldest municipal regions in Assam, Golaghat
Golaghat
has many pre-independence style of bungalows in Assam–type architecture, the design style that has houses with high ceilings and light tin roof, and wooden or concrete flooring. However, with time, such characteristic designs are replaced with RCC houses and buildings.

Demography[edit] As of 2001[update] India
India
census,[40] Golaghat
Golaghat
had a population of 33,021. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Golaghat
Golaghat
has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male
Male
literacy is 84%, and Female
Female
literacy is 79%. In Golaghat, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Golaghat
Golaghat
image gallery[edit]

Doss & Co. – Golaghat, CIRCA 1930

Christian High School – Golaghat, ESTD 1919

British Cemetery – Golaghat, ESTD 1876

Bezbaruah H.S. School – Golaghat, ESTD 1886

Baptist Church – Golaghat, ESTD 1898

Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana Building ESTD 1910

Circuit House – Golaghat, CIRCA 1900

Stone plaques of Deopahar Ruins, AD 900

Transport[edit]

Air

Rowriah Airport
Rowriah Airport
is the nearest airport from Golaghat.

Rail

The Golaghat
Golaghat
railway station is located at Bet Mahal, and the main railhead is Furkating junction on Lumding– Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
section of Northeast Frontier Railway, about 10 kilometers from Golaghat municipal area. There are daily and weekly trains running through the Furkating junction to all important cities of the country.

Road

Golaghat
Golaghat
is well connected by roadways to all the cities and towns in Assam. The National Highway 39 (NH 39) starts from Numaligarh, passes near Golaghat
Golaghat
town which is linked by GD Road and GF Road. Education[edit]

Façade of the administrative block of D. R. College

Golaghat
Golaghat
District Library

Golaghat
Golaghat
is known for many literary intellects who have made outstanding contributions to Assamese literature. The place has good old institutions which have been credited with students' high academic performance and record scores in the past when being compared to other institution equivalents of similar repute in Assam. Primary and secondary education[edit] Primary and secondary education in Golaghat
Golaghat
are offered by various schools affiliated to one of the boards of education, such as the HSLC of SEBA, AISSE of CBSE and ICSE of CISE. Schools in Golaghat
Golaghat
are either government run or are private (both aided and un-aided by the government). After completing their high or secondary education, students either attend Higher Secondary School Leaving Certificate (HSSLC) through Degree/Junior College affiliated to AHSEC or All India Senior Secondary School Examination (AISSSE) affiliated to CBSE or Indian School Certificate (ISC) affiliated to CISCE in one of the three streams – Arts / Humanities, Commerce or Science with combinational electives. Following are a few of the institutes: Schools[edit] Schools – Level: Primary & High Schools and Higher or Senior Secondary Primary[edit]

No. 1 Town Model School (ESTD 1888)[41] No. 2 Town Model School No. 3 Town Chandmari School Golaghat
Golaghat
Sishu Bhavan

High School and Higher or Senior Secondary[edit]

Bezbaruah Higher Secondary School (SEBA – HSLC, AHSEC – HSSLC) Bengali School (SEBA – HSLC) Christian High School, Golaghat
Golaghat
(SEBA – HSLC) Dandadhar Barooah Girls High School (SEBA – HSLC) Dhekial Higher Secondary School (SEBA – HSLC, AHSEC – HSSLC) Delhi Public School Numaligarh
Numaligarh
Golaghat
Golaghat
(CBSE – AISSE/AISSSE) Fallagani High School (SEBA – HSLC) Golaghat
Golaghat
Jatiya Vidyalaya (SEBA – HSLC) Golaghat
Golaghat
Jatiya Mahavidyalaya (AHSEC – HSSLC) Hindi School (SEBA – HSLC) Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Golaghat – JNV Golaghat
Golaghat
(CBSE – AISSE/AISSSE) Kendriya Vidyalaya
Kendriya Vidyalaya
– KV Golaghat
Golaghat
(CBSE – AISSE) Marshneil Academy Morangi Dina Nath High School Montessori School, Golaghat
Golaghat
– KKBB: Kushal Konwar
Kushal Konwar
Balya Bhawan (SEBA – HSLC) Phanidhar Bordoloi High School (Town High School) (SEBA – HSLC) Pulibor Vidyapith, (SEBA – HSLC, AHSEC – HSSLC) Rodhola high school (SEBA – HSLC) Sacred Heart High School – Golaghat
Golaghat
(SEBA – HSLC) Ankurjyoti Jatiya Vidyapeeth, Dhekial (SEBA – HSLC) Saint Mary's High School, Doigrung (SEBA – HSLC) Shankardev Shisu/vidya Niketan Sri Sathya Sai Vidya Vihar (CBSE – AISSE) Town Girls High School, Golaghat
Golaghat
(SEBA – HSLC) Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya Golaghat
Golaghat
VKV Golaghat (CBSE – AISSE/AISSSE)

Colleges[edit] Colleges – Level: Undergraduate & Postgraduate Degree and HSSLC (Jr.)

Biseswar Phukan Junior College College of Teacher Education (B.ed College) – CTE Golaghat Debraj Roy College
Debraj Roy College
– DR Don Bosco College, Golalghat - DBC Golaghat Furkating College Golaghat Commerce College Golaghat
Golaghat
Commerce Golaghat
Golaghat
Jatiya Mahavidyalaya Golaghat
Golaghat
Law College H.P.B. Girls College Indian Technical Institute, Golaghat Maheshwar Barooah Sangeet Mahavidyalaya: Music college Morangi College Pragjyotika Academy Reliance Junior College Residential Girls' Polytechnic – RGP Golaghat Rupaban Mahavidyalaya: College of music and dance

Others[edit]

Ajanta Kala Manadal: School of dance KVK: Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR – AAU) Mayur Kala Kendra NEiiT: North East Institute of Information Technology

Culture[edit]

Corporate logo of Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana

Golaghat
Golaghat
Natural History Museum

Golaghat
Golaghat
Baptist Church

Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery

Entrance to Golaghat
Golaghat
Circuit House, c. 1900 .

CIRCA sign of Doss & Co. – Golaghat

Doss & Co. – Golaghat

Leisure and entertainment[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana is a public/private members' club located on Station Road in Golaghat. The members mostly consist the citizens of Golaghat. The new Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana is a heritage bungalow that was built in 1910 and is a clubhouse which is over a 100 years old and had been renovated to convert into a modern clubhouse.[42] Golaghat
Golaghat
had its own Gymkhana Club much like Jorhat
Jorhat
that was destroyed during the Quit India
India
Movement.[43] It was then the centre of entertainment and merry-making for the Military personnel. The present–day club, open to all, is equipped with a lounge bar along with a billiard table, a gymnasium and a swimming pool, besides a restaurant.[44][45] Although anyone may apply for the membership to avail 'members-only' facilities, such as the gymnasium, applications may be reviewed to make an informed decision. Museum and heritage sites and buildings[edit] Natural History Museum – Golaghat[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
Natural History Museum (Uncle Robin's Museum) is located on Mission Road, Golaghat
Golaghat
and was the former place of residence of late Dr Robin Banerjee, a naturalist of International repute. The museum is full of dolls, artefacts, mementoes, movies and other personal collections of Dr Banerjee's lifetime. There are 587 dolls and 262 other showpieces. They have mostly been presented by admirers and children during his many trips to abroad and within the country as well. Golaghat
Golaghat
Baptist Church[edit] Golaghat Baptist Church
Golaghat Baptist Church
is one of the oldest and biggest Baptist Churches in Assam
Assam
that was established in December 1898, and had celebrated its Centenary Jubilee in 1999. The pioneering man behind the foundation of this church was Dr O. L. Swanson, a missionary from America, who had come to Assam
Assam
in 1893 along with his wife. Dr Swanson was assisted by a number of local people to erect this church. Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery[edit] Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery, established in 1876, is located on the premises opposite to Cally Coomer Doss & Co., adjacent to the circle office of Assam
Assam
Power Distribution Company Limited at Golaghat. It is Assam's one of the oldest burial grounds dating back to India's pre-independence era, containing 28 burials of British officers of tea estates and their families, and is open for public viewing. Doss & Co. – Golaghat[edit] Constructed in 1930 and incorporated 63–64 years ago as Cally Coomar Doss Co. Pvt. Ltd. under the Registrar of Companies (RoC) – Shillong in the year 1955,[46] located at Krishna Building, Golaghat, Assam,[47] the Golaghat
Golaghat
Doss & Co. is the oldest Department Store,[48] and the largest during that time, that was established before India's independence
India's independence
from Britain. The general merchants' store belonging to entity of company with limited shareholders and an authorised capital of ₹500,000 and paid–up capital of ₹210,000,[49][47] still stands to this day, trading in the same building at the heart of the city centre, having many divisions comprising home appliances, electronics, and additionally select other lines of products such as paint, hardware, toiletries, cosmetics, photographic equipment, jewellery, toys, and sporting goods, among others. Having built long ago, and reckoned as the earliest department store in the organised retail space, and with a legacy of sixty plus years in the state of Assam, the store is one of the recommended places for tourists in Golaghat, and has an official Assam
Assam
Travel Guide entry, issued and published by Assam
Assam
Tourism under the Joint Secretary Finance of Tourism Departments, Assam
Assam
Secretariat.[50] Two years later, a second branch of this store was opened in Jorhat
Jorhat
in the year 1957.[51] The company was incorporated on 1 March 1957 under the name of Jorhat
Jorhat
Doss Co. Pvt. Ltd. marked by Registrar of Companies (RoC) – Shillong
Shillong
.[52][53] The two stores with an age difference of two years, and with the assigned registration numbers of 1063[54] and 1086[55] respectively, laid the first foundations of department stores in the region, establishing Doss & Co. – Golaghat
Golaghat
as the thousand sixty–third and Doss & Co. – Jorhat, the thousand eighty–sixth, limited companies in Assam
Assam
to be listed under the category of Trading as the principal business activity based on the classification of registered companies by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India.[56] Deopahar ruins[edit] A historical spot that has one of the finest sculptures of the medieval Ahom period, relating to Kingdom of Jarasanda. An important archaeological site in the state, located on the hills amidst the tropical forests, has the ruins of an ancient temple.[57] Music and art[edit]

Façade of GATS – Golaghat

Queen's Arts & Cultural Complex, Golaghat

Queen's Arts & Cultural Complex – Stage view, Golaghat

Queen's Arts & Cultural Complex –Inside view (Auditorium), Golaghat

Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
(GATS)[edit] Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
(GATS), established in 1895,[14] is the oldest theatre society in Assam
Assam
having its Town hall
Town hall
at Golaghat central. Most of the seminars, conferences, theatres, including experimental theatres,[58] meetings and other workshops are organised and conducted by GATS. Ajanta Kala Mandal[edit] Established in 1951, the Ajanta Kala Mandal is one of the oldest centres[59] of teaching and propagation of Sattriya
Sattriya
– the classical dance form of Assam. Set up by Pradeep Chaliha,[60] a trained and renowned dancer of Assam
Assam
and a honorary D. Litt. title holder from Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
University, the Ajanta Kala Mandal has trained numerous classical dancers of Assam
Assam
since its inception, including internationally acclaimed Sattriya
Sattriya
dancer, Indira P.P. Bora.[61] The institute continues to train dancers and organizes various cultural workshops for the promotion of arts and culture in Golaghat, and greater Assam.[62] Queen's Arts' and Cultural Complex ( Sati Sadhani Kalakshetra)[edit] Sati Sadhani Kalakshetra is a cultural center located near Tenpur suburb in Golaghat
Golaghat
and is the leading modern cultural centre in Upper – Assam. The cultural complex is named after Sati Sadhani, the last queen of the Sutiya dynasty. The centre supports and encourages the creative expression of the indigenous cultures of Assam, enabling the Assamese society to promote presentations on drama, music, dance, and arts and crafts, many of which having origins in Assam. Designed and developed by Government of Assam, the cultural complex is set–up with the specific mission to create, preserve, promote and educate about the passion and dedication of Sati Sadhani.[63] Floor space and facilities[edit] The flagship facility is spread over ~ 10 acres of land and includes an air-conditioned auditorium, a tourist lodge, boating facility, an amusement park and restaurants.[64] Recreation[edit]

Garampani Hanging Bridge, Golaghat

Homestay at Kaziranga, Golaghat

Jamuna Boating Park, Golaghat

Parks and open spaces[edit] Garampani Wildlife
Wildlife
Sanctuary[edit] Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
is a 6.05-square-kilometre (2.34 sq mi) wildlife sanctuary which is 25 km (16 mi) away from Golaghat. It is one of the oldest sanctuaries containing Hot water spring and Waterfalls and surrounded is by Nambor Sanctuary having 51 rare species of orchid. Best season to visit: November to April. Kaziranga National Park[edit] Kazirônga National Park is a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
that hosts two-thirds of the world's great one-horned rhinoceroses. Kaziranga boasts the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a tiger reserve in 2006. The park is home to large breeding populations of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for the conservation of avifaunal species. Compared to other protected areas in India, Kaziranga has achieved notable success in wildlife conservation. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high species diversity and visibility. It is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest. Nambor – Doigrung Wildlife
Wildlife
Sanctuary[edit] Nambor – Doigrung Wildlife
Wildlife
Sanctuary, spreading across 97 square kilometres (37 sq mi) in 3 blocks, is located in Morangi, Golaghat
Golaghat
and is famous as a spot for Hot water spring and wildlife viewpoint to spot Rhino and other animals. Walking[edit] Dhansiri river bank[edit] A walk down the Dhansiri bridge towards the river offers a very beautiful sight. It is a popular picnic spot for the citizens of Golaghat
Golaghat
and others alike. Jamuna boating park[edit] It is a public boating park within the city with slow boating facility for the locals and the tourists. Jamuna water body[edit] It is a reserved area of Jamuna boating park that is used for the preservation of abundant flora and fauna plantations. It is not open for public boating and has a recorded history of rich and exotic species of biological plant and animal species. Japixojia lake (beel)[edit] The late is about 30 minutes drive from Golaghat
Golaghat
central, located near the central jail of Golaghat. The Japixojia lake is a very lovely spot, with lush tea gardens lining the borders of the vast expanses of water. The lake is visited by many migratory birds as well as home to various all season birds. Sports[edit] Sports' clubs and associations[edit]

Crest of Rhino F.C., Golaghat

GDSA – Golaghat
Golaghat
District Sports Association

Golaghat
Golaghat
Stadium ( Golaghat
Golaghat
District Sports Association – GDSA): A fully built stadium with galleries and sitting capacity of 4000 people. Good Cricket pitch which is however also used to host football matches.The stadium complex houses two volleyball courts, two boxing rings, a cricket ground, a football ground, a twin-crease indoor cricket practice stadium and a four–star guest house-cum-gallery.The indoor cricket practice stadium is built with materials imported from Australia. Indoor Stadium: The premises confined near to Mission Circle, the Table Tennis
Tennis
and Badminton Indoor Stadium is equipped with four table tennis boards and two badminton courts. It is a professional sports centre for the sports enthusiast. Golaghat
Golaghat
District Carrom
Carrom
Association (GDCA): The only platform for the carrom players of the district. Golaghat
Golaghat
Rhino Football Club: Golaghat Rhino F.C.
Golaghat Rhino F.C.
is a professional football club based in Golaghat, Assam, that competes in the Assam State Premier League, the top division state football. The club was founded in 2014.

Golaghat
Golaghat
Tennis
Tennis
Club: One of the oldest clubs in Assam, the GTC has 2 clay courts in Golaghat
Golaghat
Tennis
Tennis
Complex (GTC) besides two lawn courts at Kushal Kunwar Memorial Trust complex on Mission Road. The club is equipped with modern infrastructure facilities also has Floodlight stipulation – the facility that provides broad-beamed, high-intensity artificial lights for outdoor playing in low-light conditions, and qualified coaches. The club has been organising North East Tennis
Tennis
Championship and other AITA tournaments regularly since 1987. Boxing
Boxing
Club: Golaghat
Golaghat
boxing club is one of the pioneering boxing clubs in Assam. The club in the Amolapatty – Old is a centre for boxing events. Swimming Club: Located next to the indoor stadium near to Mission Circle the swimming pool managed by Golaghat
Golaghat
District's Sports Office, the club has a training facility for all age groups conducted by trained and experienced coaches.

Localities[edit]

Aaiferi Enclave Apartment Complex Amolapatty – New, Golaghat

Regional Office – Assam
Assam
Rural Development Bank Amolapatty – New, Golaghat

Vishal Mega Mart Supermarket chain Amolapatty – New, Golaghat

Gold Cinema Multiplex Screen Old Central Jail Market, Golaghat

BSNL Telephone Exchange Outdoor Section Golaghat
Golaghat
Central, Golaghat

Head Post Office Golaghat
Golaghat
Central, Golaghat

This is a list of the areas of Golaghat, in alphabetical order. In political or administrative usage contemporary areas of Golaghat
Golaghat
are informal, often being based on or adapted from historic contexts. For electoral purposes the areas are divided into wards. Oldest prominent neighbourhood[edit]

Amolapatty – New (residential)

Baagicha Ali (residential)

Amolapatty – Old (residential)

Other neighbourhoods[edit]

Arengapara (residential and commercial) Bengenakhowa (residential and commercial) Bet Mahal(mostly residential with a few commercial establishments) Chandan Nagar (residential) Chanmari (residential) Court Road (residential and commercial) Geeta Nagar (residential) Junaki Nagar (residential new development area) Krishna Nagar ( Golaghat
Golaghat
south, residential) Maruwaripatty (residential) Missionpatty (mostly residential with a few commercial establishments) Paltanpatty (residential) Santipur (residential) Subhash Colony (residential) Sreemanta Nagar (residential) Tapan Nagar (mostly residential with a few commercial establishments) Tenpur (residential)

Suburbs[edit]

Moinapara Pulibor Rangajan

Politics[edit]

AGP Launch Golaghat
Golaghat
Convention 14 October 1985, Golaghat

The Politics of Golaghat
Golaghat
forms the major part of the wider politics of Assam. Golaghat
Golaghat
was, and still is, an area of political and geographical importance and continues to provide the resources and the environment with the dignity and the political self-consciousness appropriate to a state capital. Formation of AGP[edit] Main article: Golaghat
Golaghat
Convention Golaghat
Golaghat
is the birth place of Assamese Political Renaissance, where the historic Golaghat
Golaghat
Convention[65][66] led to the formation of Assam's first major political party – AGP ( Assam
Assam
Gana Parishad).[67][68] AGP was a result of six year's Assam
Assam
Movement against illegal infiltration of foreigners from Bangladesh
Bangladesh
into Assam, led by All Assam
Assam
Students Union (AASU). The long agitation ended with the signing of the Assam
Assam
Accord on the independence day in 1985. The leaders of the Assam
Assam
Agitation formed the AGP on October 14, 1985, in Golaghat[69] and the party later that year overthrew the Indian National Congress led by late Hiteswar Saikia.[70] Golaghat
Golaghat
is a part of Kaliabor (Lok Sabha constituency).[71] INC's Ajanta Neog is the current MLA of Golaghat
Golaghat
(Vidhan Sabha constituency). Notable personalities[edit] This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Image Name Residence Period Notes =

Aideu !Aideu Handique

Assamese actress

— Atul !Atul Bora

Politician

— Ajanta !Ajanta Neog

Politician

Chandradhar !Chandradhar Barua

Eminent writer, poet

— Debo !Debo Prasad Barooah

Academician, historian, Ex-VC Gauhati
Gauhati
University

— Digbijoy !Digbijoy Nath

Engineer, professor at IISc

Gunaram !Gunaram Khanikar

Herbal medicine expert

Hemchandra !Hemchandra Goswami

Eminent writer, poet, historian, teacher and a linguist

Nagen !Nagen Saikia

Writer

— Nilmani !Nilmani Phookan

Eminent writer, poet

— Hiren !Hiren Gohain

Literary critic, social scientist

Kushal !Kushal Konwar

Freedom fighter

— Munin !Munin Barua

Prominent Assamese film maker

— Rana !Rana Tamooly

Assamese actor

Robin !Robin Banerjee

Padma Shri
Padma Shri
awardee, noted wildlife expert, environmentalist, painter, photographer and documentary filmmaker

Swargajyoti !Swargajyoti Barooah

Assamese actress

— Syed !Syed Abdul Malik

Writer

See also[edit]

India
India
portal Assam
Assam
portal

Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
Golaghat Amateur Theatre Society
– GATS Golaghat
Golaghat
Baptist Church Golaghat
Golaghat
Bar
Bar
Association Golaghat
Golaghat
British Cemetery Golaghat
Golaghat
Commerce Golaghat
Golaghat
Convention D. R. College Golaghat
Golaghat
Bezbaruah Higher Secondary Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana Golaghat
Golaghat
Municipal Board NETA (Golaghat) Golaghat
Golaghat
Natural History Museum Golaghat
Golaghat
Vidhan Sabha JNV Golaghat KV Golaghat Sacred Heart School VKV Golaghat

References[edit]

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Assam
Travel Guide. Goodearth Publications. p. 106. ISBN 9789380262048.  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (19 January 2015). "AGP lists civic poll candidates". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 January 2015.  ^ " Golaghat
Golaghat
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Assam
CM Tarun Gogoi". The Indian Express.  ^ "River route to smart city – Meet stresses development of areas around Brahmaputra". The Telegraph. 22 November 2014.  ^ "North East NextGen Cities Conclave Held, The Indigenous Herald". 22 November 2014.  ^ Sushanta Talukdar (29 January 2015). " Assam
Assam
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Sibsagar
Bar
Bar
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Sibsagar
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Jorhat
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Sibsagar
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Golaghat
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Golaghat
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Assam
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Assam
Travel Guide. Goodearth Publications. p. 106. ISBN 9789380262048.  ^ Indranil Banerjie (17 January 2014). "Birth of AGP leads to Assam being divided into two irreconcilable camps". India
India
Today.  ^ Gobin Medok (15 October 2013). "AGP sells regional dreams – Leadership avoids reference to rift in party, paints rosy picture at Foundation Day function in Dhemaji". The Telegraph.  ^ Samir K. Purkayastha (15 October 2008). "AGP unification amid scepticism – Sections still unsure about party fortunes". The Telegraph.  ^ "Barkakoty re-elected chairman of North Eastern tea association". Business Standard. 11 April 2013.  ^ "ACMS writes to tea growers on bonus". The Telegraph. 11 August 2016.  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (23 September 2011). "NETA demands recognition of tea as state drink of Assam".  ^ "Brief History of The District, page10" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-16.  ^ a b A Glimpse of Assam ^ A Glimpse of Assam ^ a b A Glimpse of Assam ^ Sharma, Anil Kumar (2007). Quit India
India
Movement In Assam. pp. 24, 99, 113, 114, 229. ISBN 9788183242424.  ^ " Golaghat
Golaghat
Development Authority".  ^ "Functions of Golaghat
Golaghat
Development Authority".  ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Golaghat ^ " India
India
PIN Codes Directory, Bengenakhowa Pin Code".  ^ " India
India
PIN Codes Directory, Missionpatty Pin Code".  ^ Sudipta Bhattacharjee (14 September 2016). "Hungry Rivers". The Telegraph.  ^ "District Disaster Management Plan, Golaghat" (PDF). 2016.  ^ " Golaghat
Golaghat
weather averages". worldweatheronline.com.  ^ "Weather statistics for Golaghat, Assam
Assam
(India)". Norwegian Meteorological Institute and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corp.  ^ "Concern over poor air quality and traffic congestion in north – east cities; action must gather momentum". Centre for Science and Environment – New Delhi, India.  ^ " Census
Census
of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census
Census
Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "No. 1 Town Model LP School, icbse.com".  ^ Pullock Dutta (29 April 2013). " Golaghat
Golaghat
gets a place of pride". The Telegraph.  ^ Anil Kumar Sharma (2007). "Quit India
India
and Student and Woman Movements in Golaghat
Golaghat
District". Quit India
India
Movement In Assam. Mittal Publications. p. 123. ISBN 9788183242424.  ^ "All Inclusive 5* Hotel Resort, Ultimate Hotel Guide".  ^ " Golaghat
Golaghat
Gymkhana Resort, travelguru – The Hotel Experts".  ^ "List of Company Master Data of Assam
Assam
up to 31st March 2015 with CIN (Corporate Identification Number) and Date of Registration under Registrar of Companies (RoC) – Shillong". Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India. August 2017.  ^ a b " India
India
– Companies – CALLY COOMAR DOSS CO PVT LTD". Company Data India. August 2017.  ^ "Companies registered under Registrar of Companies (RoC) under Companies Act, 1956, 2013 and other allied Acts, Bills and Rules". Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India. August 2017.  ^ "Companies registered under Registrar of Companies (RoC) under Companies Act, 1956, 2013 and other allied Acts, Bills and Rules". Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India. August 2017.  ^ Assam
Assam
Travel Guide, Heritage Buildings of Golaghat, page 106 – 107. Assam
Assam
Tourism in collaboration with Joint Secretary Finance of Tourism Departments, Assam
Assam
Secretariat. 2011.  ^ "Companies registered under Registrar of Companies (RoC) under Companies Act, 1956, 2013 and other allied Acts, Bills and Rules". Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India. August 2017.  ^ "List of Company Master Data of Assam
Assam
up to 31st March 2015 with CIN (Corporate Identification Number) and Date of Registration under Registrar of Companies (RoC) – Shillong". Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India. August 2017.  ^ " India
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– Companies – JORHAT DOSS CO PVT LTD". Company Data India. August 2017.  ^ "CALLY COOMAR DOSS & CO PVT LTD". Zauba Technologies & Data Services Private Limited. February 2017.  ^ "JORHAT DOSS & CO PVT LTD". Zauba Technologies & Data Services Private Limited. February 2017.  ^ "Classification And Registration Of Companies". Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India. August 2017.  ^ " Golaghat
Golaghat
Tourism".  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (19 June 2014). " Golaghat
Golaghat
to witness new theatre". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 June 2014. , ^ Sharma, Anil Kumar (2007). Quit India
India
Movement In Assam. p. 6. ISBN 9788183242424.  ^ "Pradeep Chaliha, Sangeet Natak Academy". National Academy of Music, Dance
Dance
and Drama, Government of India.  ^ "Indira P.P. Bora and Research and Development of Sattriya Dance".  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (23 July 2009). "Closing ceremony of the 20-day cultural workshop at Ajanta Kala Mandal in Golaghat". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 July 2009.  ^ "Birangana Sadhani Kalakshetra inaugurated in Golaghat". The Sentinel. 10 February 2018.  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (10 February 2018). "Queen's complex". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 April 2018.  ^ Chandra Nath Boruah (2009). Assamese Response To Regionalism. Mittal Publications. p. 85. ISBN 9788183242813.  ^ Sushanta Talukdar (6 March 2006). "Shourie wants AGP-BJP tie-up". The Hindu.  ^ Chopra, Joginder Kumar (1989). Politics of Election Reforms in India. p. 273. ISBN 9788170991038.  ^ Ritupallab Saikia (15 October 2008). "AGP reunified at Golaghat". Assam
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External links[edit]

Look up golaghat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Golaghat.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Golaghat.

Government[edit]

Golaghat
Golaghat
Government Portal Government of Assam
Assam
- Golaghat Golaghat
Golaghat
Higher Judiciary Bar
Bar
Association of Golaghat

v t e

Assam
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Capital: Dispur

Topics

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List of educational institutions in Assam

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Assam
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Assam
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History

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History Timeline

Administration

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Golaghat
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Districts and divisions

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(West) Morigaon Nagaon

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Geography

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Assam
(East Assam) Lower- Assam
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(West Assam) Barak Valley
Barak Valley
(South Assam) The Brahmaputra Majuli Mora Dhansiri River Dhansiri Dihing Diphlu Halflong (The Hill station of Assam)

Culture

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Bagurumba Bihu
Bihu
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Dance Saraai Gamosa Textiles and dresses of Assam
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(Muga and Eri)

Arts, literature, music and cinema

Assamese literature Assamese poetry List of Assamese Poets List of Assamese writers Pen Names List of Assamese Periodicals The Arunodoi ( Orunodoi - 1846) The Hemkosh The Assam
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Rhetorical Congress Buranji Kirtan Ghosa Dasham Namghosa Kotha Ramayana Jonaki Music of Assam Goalpariya Lokageet Tokari Geet Dihanaam Hiranaam Dhol Gogona Pepa Cinema of Assam Joymati, first Assamese motion picture Guwahati
Guwahati
Theatre Festival

People

History Assamese people

Ahom Assamese Brahmins Kalitas Koch Chutiya

List of people from Assam

Notable surnames

Barua
Barua
(and its variations) Borah Bharali Borbarua Borgohain Borpatrogohain Borphukan Burhagohain Chakraborty Choudhury (and its variations) Das Deka Dutta Gayen Gogoi Gohain Goswami Hazarika Kalita Saikia Sarma Chutia Sutradhar

Urban areas

Barpeta Bongaigaon Dhubri Dibrugarh Diphu Goalpara Golaghat Guwahati Jorhat Karimganj Nagaon North Lakhimpur Sivasagar Silchar Tezpur Tinsukia

Fairs and Festivals Hindu Temples History

Places adjacent to Golaghat

Nagaon
Nagaon
and Sonitpur Assam Sonitpur Assam Lakhimpur Assam

Nagaon Assam

Golaghat

Jorhat Assam

Karbi Anglong Assam

.