HOME
The Info List - Godzilla (1954 Film)


--- Advertisement ---



Godzilla
Godzilla
(ゴジラ, Gojira)[Note 1] is a 1954 Japanese science fiction kaiju film featuring Godzilla, produced and distributed by Toho. It is the first film in the Godzilla
Godzilla
franchise and the first film in the Shōwa series. The film is directed by Ishirō Honda, with special effects by Eiji Tsuburaya
Eiji Tsuburaya
and stars Akira Takarada, Momoko Kōchi, Akihiko Hirata, Takashi Shimura, with Haruo Nakajima
Haruo Nakajima
and Katsumi Tezuka as the performers for Godzilla. Nakajima would go on to portray the character until his retirement in 1972. Godzilla
Godzilla
went into production after Toho
Toho
needed a project to replace a Japanese-Indonesian co-production that fell through. Tsuburaya originally opted for a giant octopus before the filmmakers decided on a dinosaur inspired design. The special effects were achieved with a stuntman donning a rubber suit crushing a miniature set of Tokyo. Principal photography and special effects were shot simultaneously by two different crews led by Honda and Tsuburaya, with the former lasting 51 days while the latter lasted 71 days. Godzilla
Godzilla
was initially released in Nagoya
Nagoya
on October 27, 1954 and released nationwide a week later on November 3, 1954 and grossed ¥183 million during its theatrical run. In 1956, TransWorld Releasing Corporation and Embassy Pictures
Embassy Pictures
released Godzilla, King of the Monsters!, a heavily re-edited "Americanized"[11] version of the original film with additional footage featuring Raymond Burr. In 2004, Rialto Pictures gave the 1954 film a limited theatrical release in the United States to coincide with the franchise's 50th anniversary. The film spawned a multimedia franchise consisting of 32 films in total, video games, books, comics, toys and other media. The Godzilla franchise has been recognized by Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as being the longest running film franchise in history.[12][13] Godzilla
Godzilla
has since became an international pop culture film icon, with the character and franchise inspiring countless ripoffs, imitations, parodies and tributes.[14][15][16] The film is also largely credited, because of Eiji Tsuburaya, for establishing the template for Tokusatsu, a technique of practical special effects filmmaking that would become essential in Japan's film industry since the release of 1954's Godzilla.[17]

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Themes 4 Production

4.1 Development 4.2 Writing 4.3 Creature design 4.4 Special
Special
effects 4.5 Filming

5 Music 6 Release

6.1 Box office 6.2 North America

7 Critical reception

7.1 Initial Reception 7.2 2004 Release 7.3 Accolades

8 Home media 9 American version 10 Legacy

10.1 American films

11 References 12 External links

Plot[edit] When the Japanese freighter Eiko-maru is destroyed near Odo Island, another ship – the Bingo-maru – is sent to investigate, only to meet the same fate with few survivors. A fishing boat from Odo is also destroyed, with one survivor. Fishing catches mysteriously drop to zero, blamed by an elder on the ancient sea creature known as "Godzilla". Reporters arrive on Odo Island to further investigate. A villager tells one of the reporters that "something large is going crazy down there", ruining the fishing. That evening, a ritual dance to appease Godzilla
Godzilla
is held during which the reporter learns that the locals used to sacrifice young girls to the monster. That night, a large storm strikes the island, destroying the reporters' helicopter, and Godzilla, though very briefly seen, destroys 17 homes, kills nine people and 20 of the villagers' livestock. Odo residents travel to Tokyo to demand disaster relief. The villagers' and reporters' evidence describes damage consistent with something large crushing the village. The government sends paleontologist Kyohei Yamane to lead an investigation to the island, where giant radioactive footprints and a trilobite are discovered. The village alarm bell is rung and Yamane and the villagers rush to see the monster, retreating after seeing that it is a giant dinosaur, which then roars, and returns to the ocean. Yamane presents his findings in Tokyo, estimating that Godzilla
Godzilla
is 50 metres (164 ft) tall and is evolved from an ancient sea creature becoming a terrestrial animal. He concludes that Godzilla
Godzilla
has been disturbed from its deep underwater natural habitat by underwater hydrogen bomb testing. Debate ensues about notifying the public about the danger of the monster. Meanwhile, 17 ships are lost at sea. Ten frigates are dispatched to attempt to kill the monster using depth charges. The mission disappoints Yamane who wants Godzilla
Godzilla
to be studied. Godzilla
Godzilla
survives the attack and appears off-shore. Officials appeal to Yamane for ideas to kill the monster, but Yamane tells them that Godzilla
Godzilla
is unkillable, having survived H-bomb testing, and must be studied. Yamane's daughter, Emiko, decides to break off her arranged engagement to Yamane's colleague, Daisuke Serizawa, because of her love for Hideto Ogata, a salvage ship captain. When a reporter arrives and asks to interview Serizawa, Emiko escorts the reporter to Serizawa's lab. After Serizawa refuses to divulge his current work to the reporter, he gives Emiko a demonstration of his recent project on the condition she must keep it a secret. The demonstration horrifies her and she leaves without breaking off the engagement. Shortly after she returns home, the sound of Godzilla's footsteps approaching is heard. Godzilla surfaces from Tokyo Bay
Tokyo Bay
and enters the city, attacking Shinagawa, and scattering residents from its path. A passing commuter train collides with the monster, who then destroys the train. After further destruction, Godzilla
Godzilla
returns to the ocean. After consulting with international experts, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces construct a 30-metre-tall (98 ft), 50,000 volt electrified fence along the coast and deploy forces to stop and kill Godzilla. Yamane returns home, dismayed that there is no plan to study Godzilla for its resistance to radiation, where Emiko and Ogata await hoping to get his consent for them to wed. When Ogata disagrees with Yamane, arguing the threat Godzilla
Godzilla
poses outweighs any potential benefits from studying the monster, Yamane tells him to leave. Godzilla resurfaces and breaks through the fence to Tokyo with its atomic breath, unleashing a more destructive rampage across the city. Further attempts to kill the monster with tanks and fighter jets fail and Godzilla
Godzilla
once again disappears into the ocean. The Wakō Clocktower, the National Diet Building, and the Kachidoki Bridge are destroyed and there is a large loss of life. The day after, hospitals and shelters are crowded to overflowing, and a large portion of the population has radiation poisoning. Distraught by the devastation, Emiko tells Ogata about Serizawa's research, a weapon called the " Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer", which disintegrates oxygen atoms and the organisms die of a rotting asphyxiation. Emiko and Ogata go to Serizawa to convince him to use the Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer but he initially refuses. After watching a program displaying the nation's current tragedy, Serizawa finally accepts Emiko and Ogata's pleas. A navy ship takes Ogata and Serizawa to plant the device in Tokyo Bay. After finding Godzilla, Serizawa unloads the device and cuts off his air support, taking the secrets of the Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer to his death. The mission proves to be a success and Godzilla
Godzilla
is destroyed but many mourn Serizawa's death. Yamane reveals his belief that if nuclear weapons testing continues, another Godzilla
Godzilla
may rise in the future. Cast[edit]

Akira Takarada
Akira Takarada
as Hideto Ogata Momoko Kōchi
Momoko Kōchi
as Emiko Yamane Akihiko Hirata
Akihiko Hirata
as Dr. Daisuke Serizawa Takashi Shimura
Takashi Shimura
as Dr. Kyohei Yamane Fuyuki Murakami as Dr. Tanabe Sachio Sakai as Hagiwara Ren Yamamoto as Masaji Yamada Toyoaki Suzuki as Shinkichi Yamada Toranosuke Ogawa as President of the Nankai Shipping Company Hiroshi Hayashi as Chairman of Diet Committee Seijiro Onda as Oyama, Diet Committee member Kin Sugai as Ozawa, Diet Committee member Kokuten Kōdō
Kokuten Kōdō
as The Old Fisherman Tadashi Okabe as Assistant of Dr. Tanabe Jiro Mitsuaki as Employee of Nankai Salvage Company Ren Imaizumi as Radio Officer Nankai Salvage Company Sokichi Maki as Chief at Maritime Safety Agency Kenji Sahara as partygoer Haruo Nakajima
Haruo Nakajima
as Godzilla
Godzilla
and a reporter[18] Katsumi Tezuka as Godzilla
Godzilla
& Newspaper deskman[18]

Themes[edit] In the film, Godzilla
Godzilla
symbolizes nuclear holocaust and has since been culturally identified as a strong metaphor for nuclear weapons.[19] In the film, Godzilla's attack mirrors the same horrors the Japanese experienced near the end of World War II, with the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Producer Tomoyuki Tanaka stated that, "The theme of the film, from the beginning, was the terror of the bomb. Mankind had created the bomb, and now nature was going to take revenge on mankind."[20] Director Ishirō Honda
Ishirō Honda
filmed Godzilla's rampage on Tokyo with the mentality that the monster's onslaught was a parallel to, and a physical manifestation of, an atom bomb attack. He stated, "If Godzilla
Godzilla
had been a dinosaur or some other animal, he would have been killed by just one cannonball. But if he were equal to an atomic bomb, we wouldn't know what to do. So, I took the characteristics of an atomic bomb and applied them to Godzilla."[20] Academics Anne Allison, Thomas Schnellbächer, and Steve Ryfle have claimed that Godzilla
Godzilla
contains political and cultural undertones that can be attributed to what the Japanese had experienced in World War II and that Japanese audiences were able to emotionally connect to the monster. They theorized that these viewers saw Godzilla
Godzilla
as a victim and felt that the creature's backstory reminded them of their experiences in World War II. These academics have also claimed that as the atomic bomb testing that woke Godzilla
Godzilla
was carried out by the United States, the film could be seen as a way of blaming the United States for the problems and struggles that the nation experienced after World War II had ended. They also felt that the movie could have served as a cultural coping method to help the people of Japan
Japan
to help them move on from the events of the war.[21][22][20] Brian Merchant from Motherboard called the film "a bleak, powerful metaphor for nuclear power that still endures today" and on its themes, he stated: "It's an unflinchingly bleak, deceptively powerful film about coping with and taking responsibility for incomprehensible, manmade tragedy. Specifically, nuclear tragedies. It's arguably the best window into post-war attitudes towards nuclear power we've got—as seen from the perspective of its greatest victims."[23] Production[edit] Development[edit] In 1954, Toho
Toho
originally planned to produce Eiko-no Kagi-ni (In the Shadow of Glory), a Japanese-Indonesian co-production about the aftermath of the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, however, anti-Japanese sentiment in Indonesia forced political pressure on the government to deny visas for the Japanese filmmakers.[24] Producer Tomoyuki Tanaka flew to Jakarta to renegotiate with the Indonesian government but was unsuccessful and on the flight back to Japan, conceived the idea for a giant monster film inspired by the 1953 film The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms
The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms
and the Daigo Fukuryū Maru
Daigo Fukuryū Maru
incident that happened March of that year. During his flight, Tanaka wrote an outline with the working title The Giant Monster from 20,000 Leagues Under The Sea and pitched it to executive producer Iwao Mori. Mori approved the project in April 1954 after special effects director Eiji Tsuburaya
Eiji Tsuburaya
agreed to do the film's effects and confirmed that the film was financially feasible. Mori also approved Tanaka's choice to have Ishirō Honda
Ishirō Honda
direct the film and shortened the title of the production to Project G (G for Giant), as well as giving the production classified status and ordered Tanaka to minimize his attention on other films and mainly focus on Project G.[25][26] Writing[edit] Tsuburaya submitted an outline of his own, written three years before; it featured a giant octopus attacking ships in the Indian ocean. In May 1954, Tanaka hired sci-fi writer Shigeru Kayama to write the story. Only 50 pages long and written in 11 days, Kayama's treatment depicted Dr. Yamane wearing dark shades, a cape and living in a European-style house from which he only emerged at night. Godzilla
Godzilla
was portrayed as more animal-like by coming ashore only to find food, with an ostensibly gorilla-like interest in females. Takeo Murata and director Ishiro Honda co-wrote the screenplay in three weeks, confining themselves in a Japanese Inn in Tokyo's Shibuya ward. Murata and Honda refined and redeveloped key characters and elements by adding the Emiko-Ogata-Serizawa love triangle, holding back on revealing Godzilla, changing Dr. Yamane from a sinister figure to a compassionate scientist, reduced the role of Shinkichi who was featured prominently in Kayama's original story, and added more scenes of destruction.[25][27][28] Creature design[edit]

The filmmakers took inspiration from various dinosaurs to shape Godzilla's final and iconic design.

Godzilla
Godzilla
was designed by Teizo Toshimitsu and Akira Watanabe under Eiji Tsuburaya's supervision.[29] Early on, Tanaka contemplated on having the monster be gorilla-like or whale-like in design due to the name "Gojira" (a combination of the Japanese words for gorilla, gorira, and whale, kujira) but eventually settled on a dinosaur-like design.[30] Kazuyoshi Abe was hired earlier to design Godzilla
Godzilla
but his ideas were later rejected due to Godzilla
Godzilla
looking too humanoid and mammalian, with a head shaped like a mushroom cloud,[29] however Abe was retained to help draw the film's storyboards.[31] Toshimitsu and Watanabe decided to base Godzilla's design on dinosaurs and, by using dinosaur books and magazines as a reference, combined elements of a Tyrannosaurus, Iguanodon
Iguanodon
and the dorsal fins of a Stegosaurus.[29] Despite wanting to have utilized stop motion animation, Tsuburaya reluctantly settled on suitmation.[29] Toshimitsu sculpted three clay models that the suit would be based off. The first two were rejected but the third was approved by Tsuburaya, Tanaka, and Honda.[29] The Godzilla
Godzilla
suit itself was constructed by Kanji Yagi, Koei Yagi, and Eizo Kaimai, who used thin bamboo sticks and wire to build a frame for the interior of the suit and added metal mesh and cushioning over it to bolster its structure and finally applied coats of latex.[29] Coats of molten rubber were additionally applied, followed by carved indentations and strips of latex glued onto the surface of the suit to create Godzilla's scaly hide.[29] This first version of the suit weighed 100 kilograms (220 pounds). For close-ups, Toshimitsu created a smaller scale, mechanical, hand-operated puppet that sprayed streams of mist from its mouth to act as Godzilla's atomic breath.[32] Haruo Nakajima
Haruo Nakajima
and Katsumi Tezuka were chosen to perform in the Godzilla
Godzilla
suit, due to their strength and endurance.[29] At the first costume fitting, Nakajima fell down while inside the suit,[33] due to the heavy latex and inflexible materials used to create the suit.[29] This first version of the suit was cut in half and used for scenes requiring only partial shots of Godzilla
Godzilla
or close-ups, with the lower-half fitted with rope suspenders for Nakajima to wear.[33][32] A second identical suit was created for full-body shots, which was made lighter than the first suit but Nakajima was still only able to be inside for three minutes before passing out.[33] Nakajima lost 20 pounds during the production of the film.[34] Tezuka filmed scenes in the Godzilla
Godzilla
suit but due to his older body, he was unable to fully commit to the physical demands required of the role. As a result, few of his scenes made it to the final cut as very few scenes were considered usable.[35] Tezuka filled in for Nakajima when he was unavailable or needed relief from the physically demanding role.[32] Godzilla's name was also a source of consternation for the filmmakers. Because the monster had no name, the first draft of the film was not called Gojira but rather titled G, also known as Kaihatsu keikaku G ("Development Plan G"), the "G" of the title stood for "Giant", however. Nakajima confirmed that Toho
Toho
held a contest to name the monster. The monster was eventually named Gojira, a combination of the Japanese words gorira (gorilla) and kujira (whale).[36] One explanation that is chalked up to legend is that a hulking Toho Studios employee's physical attributes led him to be nicknamed Gojira.[36] In a 1998 BBC
BBC
documentary on Godzilla, Kimi Honda, the widow of the director, dismissed the employee-name story as a tall tale, believing that Honda, Tanaka, and Tsuburaya gave "considerable thought" to the name of the monster, stating, "the backstage boys at Toho
Toho
loved to joke around with tall stories, but I don't believe that one".[30] Special
Special
effects[edit] Tsuburaya originally wanted to use stop motion for the film's special effects but realized it would have taken seven years to complete based on the then-current staff and infrastructure at Toho.[37] Settling on suitmation and miniature effects, Tsuburaya and his crew scouted the locations Godzilla
Godzilla
was to destroy and were nearly arrested after a security guard overheard their plans for destruction but were released after showing police their Toho
Toho
business cards.[33] Kintaro Makino, the chief of miniature construction, was given blueprints by Akira Watanabe for the miniatures and assigned 30 to 40 workers from the carpentry department to build them, which took a month to build the scaled down version of Ginza.[33] A majority of the miniatures were built at 1:25 scale but the Diet building was scaled down to a 1:33 scale to look smaller than Godzilla.[33] The buildings' framework were made of thin wooden boards reinforced with a mixture of plaster and white chalk.[33] Explosives were installed inside miniatures that were to be destroyed by Godzilla's atomic breath while some were sprayed with gasoline to make them burn more easily; others included small cracks so they could crumble easily.[33] Optical animation techniques were used for Godzilla's glowing dorsal fins by having hundreds of cells drawn frame-by-frame.[38] Haruo Nakajima
Haruo Nakajima
perspired inside the suit so much that the Yagi brothers had to dry out the cotton lining every morning and sometimes re-line the interior of the suit and repair damages.[38] The special effects crew spent 71 days on filming.[38] Filming[edit] Most of the film was shot in the Toho
Toho
lot.[39] Honda's team also filmed on location in the Shima Peninsula in Mie Prefecture to film the Odo Island scenes, which used 50 Toho
Toho
extras and Honda's team establishing their base in the town of Toba.[39] Toho
Toho
had negotiated with the Japan
Japan
Self-Defense Forces to film scenes requiring the military and filmed target practices and drills for the film; Honda's team followed a convoy of JSDF vehicles for convoy dispatch scene.[39] 2,000 girls were used from an all-girls high school for the prayer for peace scene.[39] Honda's team spent 51 days shooting the film.[39] Music[edit] The score by Akira Ifukube
Akira Ifukube
was released three times over a period of 13 years. The first recording was released by Futureland Toshiba in 1993, and nearly contained the film's complete score, missing only a brief source cue used for the pleasure boat scene. The track list is as follows:

No. Title Length

1. "Main Title" 1:31

2. "Footsteps" (SFX) 0:49

3. "Eiko-Maru Sinking" 1:06

4. "Bingo-Maru Sinking" 0:23

5. "Uneasiness on Odo Island" 0:49

6. "Rituals of Odo Island" (Source Music) 1:21

7. "The Storm on Odo Island" 1:53

8. "Theme from Odo Island" 0:34

9. " Godzilla
Godzilla
appears on Odo Island" 1:02

10. " Frigate
Frigate
March I" 0:42

11. "Horror of the Water Tank" 0:42

12. " Godzilla
Godzilla
Comes Ashore" 1:52

13. "Fury of Godzilla" 2:25

14. "Deadly Broadcast" 1:12

15. " Godzilla
Godzilla
heads to Tokyo Bay" 1:25

16. "Attack Godzilla!" 1:27

17. "Devastated Tokyo" (Contains SFX) 2:18

18. "The Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer" 3:11

19. "Prayer for Peace" 2:48

20. " Frigate
Frigate
March II" 0:21

21. " Godzilla
Godzilla
Under the Sea" 6:20

22. "Ending" 1:41

The most recent release of the soundtrack was in April 2010, by Classic Media. It included the above tracks and an additional five tracks:

No. Title Length

1. " Godzilla
Godzilla
Leaving" 1:04

2. "Main Title" (extended) 2:03

3. "First Landing" 3:37

4. "Tokyo In Flames" 2:17

5. "Last Assault" 2:21

Release[edit] Box office[edit]

Rialto Pictures' poster for the 2004 U.S release of Godzilla.

Godzilla
Godzilla
was first released in Nagoya
Nagoya
on October 27, 1954 and a week later, released nationwide on November 3, 1954.[1] It sold approximately 9,610,000 tickets and was the eighth best-attended film in Japan
Japan
that year. It remains the second most-attended "Godzilla" film in Japan, behind King Kong
King Kong
vs. Godzilla.[40] The film grossed ¥183 million during its theatrical run.[6] North America[edit] In 1955 and in the 1960's, Godzilla
Godzilla
played in theaters catering to Japanese-Americans in predominantly Japanese neighborhoods in the United States. An English subtitled version was shown at film festivals in New York, Chicago and other cities in 1982.[41] To coincide with Godzilla's 50th anniversary, art-house distributor Rialto Pictures gave the film a traveling tour-style limited release coast-to-coast across the United States on May 7, 2004 and ran until December 19, 2004, uncut with English subtitles.[7] Starting in two theaters, the film would gross $38,030 USD in its opening weekend. It never played on more than six screens at any given point during its run. By the end of its run, it grossed $412,520 USD.[42] The film played in roughly sixty theaters[43] and cities across the United States during its ​7 1⁄2-month run. On April 18, 2014, Rialto released the film in another traveling tour style limited release coast to coast across the United States. This was to coincide with not only Godzilla's 60th anniversary, but also in celebration of Legendary's Godzilla
Godzilla
film released that same year. To avoid confusion with the Hollywood film, the release was subtitled The Japanese Original.[8] The film opened with $10,903 playing in one theater in New York City.[44] The film played in roughly 66 theaters in 64 cities from April 18 to October 31.[45] After its run, the film had a final gross of $150,191.[46] Critical reception[edit] Initial Reception[edit] Initially, the film received mixed to negative reviews in Japan. Japanese critics accused the film of exploiting the widespread devastation that the country had suffered in World War II,[47] as well as the Daigo Fukuryū Maru
Daigo Fukuryū Maru
(Lucky Dragon) incident that occurred a few months before filming began. Ishiro Honda lamented years later in the Tokyo Journal, "They called it grotesque junk, and said it looked like something you'd spit up. I felt sorry for my crew because they had worked so hard!".[48] Honda also stated "At the time they wrote things like 'This movie is absurd, because such giant monsters do not exist.'" Others said that depicting a fire breathing organism was "strange." Honda also believed Japanese critics began to change their minds after the good reviews the film received in the United States. He stated "The first film critics to appreciate Godzilla
Godzilla
were those in the U.S. When Godzilla
Godzilla
was released there as Godzilla, King of the Monsters in 1956, the critics said such things as, 'For the start, this film frankly depicts the horrors of the Atomic Bomb.', and by these evaluations, the assessment began to impact critics in Japan
Japan
and has changed their opinions over the years."[49] As time went on, the film gained more respect in its home country. In 1984, Kinema Junpo
Kinema Junpo
magazine listed Gojira as one of the top 20 Japanese films of all time, while a survey of 370 Japanese movie critics published in Nihon Eiga Besuto 150 (Best 150 Japanese Films), had Godzilla
Godzilla
ranked as the 27th best Japanese film ever made.[50] The film was nominated for two Japanese Movie Association awards. One for best special effects and the other for best film. It won best special effects[51] but lost best picture to Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai.[52] The film was re-released theatrically in Japan
Japan
on November 21, 1982 as part of Toho's 50th anniversary.[53] 2004 Release[edit] The 2004 American release of Godzilla
Godzilla
received critical acclaim by many critics who had never seen the film in its original form without Raymond Burr. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has received a "certified fresh" rating of 93%, with a consensus saying "More than straight monster-movie fare, Gojira offers potent, sobering postwar commentary."[54] In Entertainment Weekly, Owen Glieberman, who gave the film an A- rating, wrote:

"Godzilla, an ancient beast roused from the ocean depths and irradiated by Japanese H-bomb tests, reduces Tokyo to a pile of ash, yet, like Kong, he grows more sympathetic as his rampage goes on. The characters talk about him not as an enemy but as a force of destiny, a "god." The inescapable subtext is that Japan, in some bizarre way, deserves this hell. Godzilla
Godzilla
is pop culture's grandest symbol of nuclear apocalypse, but he is also the primordial spirit of Japanese aggression turned, with something like fate, against itself."[55]

In the Dallas Observer, Luke Y. Thompson wrote:

"A lot of people are likely to be surprised by what they see. The 1954 Japanese cut is shot like a classic film noir, and the buildup to Tokyo's inevitable thrashing is quite slow by today's standards. The echoes of World War II are very strong, and the devastation wrought by Godzilla
Godzilla
(played by Haruo Nakajima) is not sugar-coated; it eerily mirrors that of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the deaths and injuries are dwelt upon. The monster himself is not fully revealed for quite a while, and even when he finally shows up, he's a malevolent black predator with glistening skin, who stays mostly in the shadows, many times more fearsome than the green-skinned cookie monster who showed up in the various sequels to layeth the smacketh down on the candyasses of numerous alien invaders in ugly leotards."[56]

One of the few recent mixed reviews was written by Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
in the Chicago Sun-Times. Ebert admitted the film was "an important one" and "properly decoded, was the Fahrenheit 9/11
Fahrenheit 9/11
of its time," but he also said:

"In these days of flawless special effects, Godzilla
Godzilla
and the city he destroys are equally crude. Godzilla
Godzilla
at times looks uncannily like a man in a rubber suit, stomping on cardboard sets, as indeed he was, and did. Other scenes show him as a stuffed, awkward animatronic model. This was not state-of-the-art even at the time; King Kong (1933) was much more convincing. When Dr. Serizawa demonstrates the Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer to his fiancee, Emiko [sic], the super weapon is somewhat anticlimactic. He drops a pill into a tank of tropical fish, the tank lights up, he shouts, "stand back!" the fiancée screams, and the fish go belly-up. Yeah, that'll stop Godzilla
Godzilla
in his tracks."[57]

Since its release, Godzilla
Godzilla
has been regarded not only as one of the best giant monster films ever made but an important cinematic achievement.[58] The film was ranked #31 in Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010.[59] In 2015, Variety named it one of the "10 Best Monster Movies of All-Time."[60] Accolades[edit]

Year Award Category Recipient Result

1954 Japan
Japan
Movie Association Awards Special
Special
Effects Godzilla Won

Best Picture Godzilla Nominated

2007 Saturn Awards Best DVD Classic Film Release Godzilla Won

Home media[edit] The 1956 Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
version of the film was released on DVD by Simitar in 1998[61] and Classic Media
Classic Media
in 2002.[62] A DVD of the original Japanese version of the film was released in Japan
Japan
in 2002. The quality of the print used for the Japanese version was partially restored and remastered, including three audio tracks (the original mono track, an isolated audio track, and an isolated track and special effects track), and an interview with Akira Ifukube. In 2006, Classic Media
Classic Media
and Sony BMG
Sony BMG
Music Entertainment Home Entertainment released a two-disc DVD set titled Gojira: The Original Japanese Masterpiece. This release features both the original 1954 Japanese Gojira film and the 1956 American Godzilla, King of the Monsters! version, making the original Japanese version of the film available on DVD in North America for the first time. This release features theatrical trailers for both films, audio commentary tracks on both films with Godzilla
Godzilla
experts Steve Ryfle and Ed Godziszewski, two 13-minute documentaries titled " Godzilla
Godzilla
Story Development" and "Making of the Godzilla
Godzilla
Suit," and a 12-page essay booklet that was written by Steve Ryfle. This release also restores the original ending credits of the American film which, until recently, were thought to have been lost.[63][64] In the fall of 2005, BFI released the original Japanese version in the UK theatrically, and later in the same year on DVD. The DVD includes the original mono track and several extra features, such as documentaries and commentary tracks by Steve Ryfle, Ed Godziszewski, and Keith Aiken. The DVD also includes a documentary about the Daigo Fukuryu Maru, a Japanese fishing boat that was caught in an American nuclear blast and partially inspired the creation of the movie. A region-4 DVD was released in Australia by Madman Co. Ltd in 2004 for the film's 50th Anniversary. Classic Media
Classic Media
released Godzilla
Godzilla
on Blu-ray
Blu-ray
on September 22, 2009. This release includes the theatrical trailers, featurettes, and audio commentary on Godzilla
Godzilla
by Steve Ryfle and Ed Godziszewski from the 2006 Classic Media
Classic Media
DVD release, but it does not include the 1956 Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
version of the film.[65] On January 24, 2012, The Criterion Collection
The Criterion Collection
released a "new high-definition digital restoration" of Godzilla
Godzilla
on Blu-ray
Blu-ray
and DVD. Included as a special feature is Godzilla, King of the Monsters as well as commentary on both films by David Kalat, author of A Critical History and Filmography of Toho’s Godzilla
Godzilla
Series. Also included are interviews with Akira Ikufube, Japanese film critic Tadao Sato, actor Akira Takarada, Godzilla
Godzilla
performer Haruo Nakajima, and effects technicians Yoshio Irie and Eizo Kaimai.[3][10] American version[edit] Main article: Godzilla, King of the Monsters! Following the film's success in Japan, Toho
Toho
sold the US rights to Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
for $25,000. A heavily altered version of the film was released in the United States and worldwide as Godzilla, King of the Monsters! on April 27, 1956.[6] This version trimmed the original down to 80 minutes and featured new footage with Canadian actor Raymond Burr
Raymond Burr
interacting with doubles spliced with Honda's footage to make it seem like he was part of the original Japanese production. Many of the films political themes were trimmed or removed completely. It was this version of the original Godzilla
Godzilla
film that introduced audiences worldwide to the character and franchise and the only version that critics and scholars had access to until 2004 when the 1954 original was released in select theaters in North America. During its theatrical run, Godzilla, King of the Monsters grossed $2 million during its theatrical run, more than what the 1954 original grossed in Japan.[66] Honda was unaware that that Godzilla
Godzilla
had been re-edited until Toho
Toho
had released Godzilla, King of the Monsters in Japan
Japan
in May 1957 as Monster King Godzilla. Toho
Toho
converted the entire film from its original scope to a widescreen 2.35:1 scope, which resulted in an awkward crop for the entire film. Japanese subtitles were given to the Japanese actors since their original dialogue differed greatly from the original script and were dubbed in English.[66] Since the release of the film, Toho
Toho
had adopted the moniker "King of the Monsters" for Godzilla, which has since appeared in official marketing, advertisement, and promotional materials.[67] Legacy[edit] Main article: Godzilla
Godzilla
(franchise) The film became popular enough to spawn 30 Toho
Toho
sequels, three American adaptations: Godzilla, King of the Monsters!, King Kong
King Kong
vs. Godzilla
Godzilla
and Godzilla
Godzilla
1985, and three Hollywood films: Godzilla (1998), Godzilla
Godzilla
(2014), and Godzilla: King of the Monsters (2019). Godzilla
Godzilla
and the franchise also went on to inspire countless ripoffs, imitations, parodies and tributes. The Godzilla
Godzilla
franchise has been recognized by Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as being the longest running film franchise in history.[12][13] Since his debut, Godzilla
Godzilla
has morphed into an international pop culture film icon.[14][15][16] The film is also largely credited, because of Eiji Tsuburaya, for establishing the template for Tokusatsu, a technique of practical special effects filmmaking that would become essential in Japan's film industry since the release of 1954's Godzilla. Critic and scholar Ryusuke Hikawa stated: "Disney created the template for American animation, In the same way, (special-effects studio) Tsubaraya created the template for the Japanese movie business. It was their use of cheap but craftsman-like approaches to movie-making that made tokusatsu unique."[17] American films[edit] Main articles: Godzilla
Godzilla
(1998 film) and Godzilla
Godzilla
(2014 film) In 1998, TriStar Pictures
TriStar Pictures
released a reimagining of Godzilla, directed by Roland Emmerich. Despite that Emmerich wanted his Godzilla
Godzilla
to have nothing to do with the Toho
Toho
Godzilla, he did maintain some elements from the 1954 original, stating, "We took part of [the original movie’s] basic storyline, in that the creature becomes created by radiation and it becomes a big challenge. But that’s all we took."[68] In 2014, Warner Bros. and Legendary Pictures
Legendary Pictures
released a reboot of the Godzilla
Godzilla
franchise, directed by Gareth Edwards. Edwards stated that his Godzilla
Godzilla
film was inspired by the 1954 original,[69] stating, " Godzilla
Godzilla
is a metaphor for Hiroshima in the original movie. We tried to keep that, and there are a lot of themes from the '54 movie that we've kept."[70] References[edit]

Notes

^ In 2004, Rialto Pictures released the film in a limited theatrical run as Godzilla.[7] In 2014, Rialto Pictures re-released the film in a limited theatrical run as Godzilla: The Japanese Original, to avoid confusion with Legendary's Godzilla
Godzilla
film.[8] In 2006, Classic Media released the film on DVD/ Blu-ray
Blu-ray
as Gojira.[9] In 2012, Criterion released its own remastered version on DVD/ Blu-ray
Blu-ray
as Godzilla.[10]

^ a b Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 104. ^ Galbraith IV 2008, p. 106. ^ a b " Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954) - The Criterion Collection". Criterion. Retrieved December 17, 2017.  ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 33. ^ Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 84. ^ a b c Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 105. ^ a b Ryfle, Steve; Goldstein, Bruce (December 6, 2007). "Godzilla 50th Anniversary Pressbook". SciFi Japan. Retrieved April 6, 2018.  ^ a b Goldstein, Bruce; Franklin, Dave (February 26, 2014). "Restored Original Godzilla
Godzilla
Gets US Theatrical Release". SciFi Japan. Retrieved April 6, 2018.  ^ Aiken, Keith (June 29, 2006). "Classic Media's Godzilla
Godzilla
Summer". SciFi Japan. Retrieved October 11, 2017.  ^ a b Aiken, Keith (November 18, 2011). " Godzilla
Godzilla
from The Criterion Collection". SciFi Japan. Retrieved October 11, 2017.  ^ " Classic Media
Classic Media
Reissues the Original Godzilla
Godzilla
on DVD". Scifi Japan. Retrieved September 1, 2014.  ^ a b "TRANSLATION: Guinness World Records® certification". Godzilla.jp. Retrieved December 22, 2014.  ^ a b Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
(September 3, 2014). "Jennifer Lawrence, Game of Thrones, Frozen among new entertainment record holders in Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
2015 book". Guinness World Records. Retrieved February 26, 2016.  ^ a b Ingoglia, Jesse (May 21, 2014). "Godzilla: Monster, Metaphor, Pop Icon". The New York Public Library. Retrieved January 27, 2018.  ^ a b Patches, Matt (April 11, 2014). "Why Godzilla
Godzilla
Remains Pop Culture's Immortal Monster (Opinion)". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 27, 2018.  ^ a b Pyzyk, Mark (May 6, 2004). "Hey Godzilla, Why Are You Such a Giant Cultural Symbol?". PopMatters. Retrieved January 27, 2018.  ^ a b Kelts, Roland (June 12, 2013). "Preserving a classic Japanese art form: tokusatsu magic". The Japan
Japan
Times. Retrieved January 27, 2018.  ^ a b Ryfle 1998, p. 351. ^ Merchant, Brian (2013-08-23). "A Brief History of Godzilla, Our Never-Ending Nuclear Nightmare". Motherboard (blog). Vice. Retrieved 2014-04-18.  ^ a b c Ryfle, Steve (Winter 2005). "Godzilla's Footprint". Virginia Quarterly Review. 81 (1): 44–68.  ^ Allison, Anne (2006-06-30). Millennial Monsters. University of California Press. pp. 45–69. ISBN 9780520245655.  ^ Schnellbächer, Thomas (November 2002). "Has the Empire Sunk Yet?: The Pacific in Japanese Science Fiction". Science Fiction Studies. 29 (3): 382–396.  ^ Merchant, Brian (August 23, 2013). "A Brief History of Godzilla, Our Walking Nuclear Nightmare". Motherboard. Retrieved January 27, 2018.  ^ Ragone 2014, p. 33. ^ a b Ragone 2014, p. 34. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 21. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 24. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ryfle 1998, p. 27. ^ a b Ryfle 1998, p. 23. ^ Ragone 2014, p. 38. ^ a b c Ragone 2014, p. 39. ^ a b c d e f g h Ryfle 1998, p. 29. ^ Ragone 2014, p. 42. ^ Kalat 2010, p. 17. ^ a b Lees & Cerasini 1998, p. 12. ^ Ragone 2014, p. 35. ^ a b c Ryfle 1998, p. 30. ^ a b c d e Ryfle 1998, p. 31. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 34. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 55. ^ " Godzilla
Godzilla
(Original Japanese Version)". Boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2014-04-21.  ^ "Henshin!Online". Henshin!Online. Retrieved 2014-04-18.  ^ "Godzilla: The Japanese Original Weekend Grosses". Boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2014-04-21.  ^ "Godzilla: The Japanese Original theatrical schedule". Rialto Pictures. Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-08.  ^ "Godzilla: The Japanese Original". Boxofficemojo. Retrieved 2014-11-01.  ^ Poole, W. Scott (2011). Monsters in America: Our Historical Obsession with the Hideous and the Haunting. Waco, Texas: Baylor. ISBN 978-1-60258-314-6.  ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 37. ^ Memories of Ishiro Honda. Twenty Years After The Passing Of Godzilla's Famed Director by Hajime Ishida. Famous Monsters of Filmland #269. Movieland Classics LLC, 2013. Pgs. 19-20 ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 38. ^ Ryfle 1998, p. 47. ^ 500 Godzilla
Godzilla
Facts ISBN 978-1-326-37940-7 p. 23 ^ Galbraith IV 2008, p. 375. ^ Gojira Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes ^ Entertainment Weekly ^ Dallas Observer ^ Tallerico, Brian (2004-07-02). "GODZILLA Movie Review & Film Summary (2004) Roger Ebert". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 2014-06-06.  ^ "Review: The Criterion Collection's GODZILLA « SciFi Japan". Scifijapan.com. 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2014-06-06.  ^ "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema – 31. Godzilla". Empire.  ^ Khatchatourian, Maane (June 12, 2015). "10 Best Monster Movies of All-Time". Variety. Retrieved August 6, 2015.  ^ DVD: Godzilla
Godzilla
King of the Monsters (Simitar) - Toho
Toho
Kingdom ^ DVD: Godzilla
Godzilla
King of the Monsters (Classic Media) - Toho
Toho
Kingdom ^ Gojira - Godzilla
Godzilla
(Classic Media) (Classic Media) - Toho
Toho
Kingdom ^ DVD Verdict Review - Gojira: The Original Japanese Masterpiece Archived July 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ DVD Savant Blu-ray
Blu-ray
Review: Gojira ^ a b Ryfle & Godziszewski 2017, p. 106. ^ Kalat 2010, p. 29. ^ Aiken, Keith (May 31, 2015). "GODZILLA Unmade: The History of Jan De Bont's Unproduced TriStar Film – Part 4 of 4". Scifi Japan. Retrieved March 8, 2016.  ^ Cheney, Alexandra (March 12, 2014). "'Godzilla' Director: The Film Takes Itself Very Seriously". Variety.  ^ Newitz, Annalee (July 25, 2013). " Godzilla
Godzilla
director Gareth Edwards explains the symbolism of kaiju". io9. 

Bibliography

Brothers, Peter H. (2013). Mushroom Clouds and Mushroom Men: The Fantastic Cinema of Ishiro Honda. CreateSpace. ISBN 9781492790358.  Brothers, Peter H. (2015). Atomic Dreams and the Nuclear Nightmare: The Making of Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954). CreateSpace. ISBN 9781508975830.  Galbraith IV, Stuart (2008). The Toho
Toho
Studios Story: A History and Complete Filmography. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9781461673743.  Godziszewski, Ed (1994). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Godzilla. Daikaiju Enterprises.  Kalat, David (2010). A Critical History and Filmography of Toho's Godzilla
Godzilla
Series (2nd Edition). McFarland. ISBN 9780786447497.  Lees, J.D.; Cerasini, Marc (1998). The Official Godzilla
Godzilla
Compendium. Random House. ISBN 0-679-88822-5.  Ragone, August (2014). Eiji Tsuburaya: Master of Monsters (2nd Edition). Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-6078-9.  Ryfle, Steve (1998). Japan’s Favorite Mon-Star: The Unauthorized Biography of the Big G. ECW Press. ISBN 1550223488.  Ryfle, Steve; Godziszewski, Ed (2017). Ishiro Honda: A Life in Film, from Godzilla
Godzilla
to Kurosawa. Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 9780819570871. 

External links[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Film portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954 film).

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954 film)

Godzilla
Godzilla
at Rotten Tomatoes Godzilla
Godzilla
at Metacritic "ゴジラ (Gojira)" (in Japanese). Japanese Movie Database. Retrieved July 13, 2007.  Criterion Collection Essay "Godzilla: Poetry After the A-Bomb" by J. Hoberman" G,history(Japan) Godzilla
Godzilla
on IMDb Godzilla
Godzilla
at AllMovie G-FAN Magazine Monster Zero News

v t e

Godzilla

Toho
Toho
films

Shōwa series

Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954) Godzilla
Godzilla
Raids Again (1955) King Kong
King Kong
vs. Godzilla
Godzilla
(1962) Mothra
Mothra
vs. Godzilla
Godzilla
(1964) Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster
Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster
(1964) Invasion of Astro-Monster
Invasion of Astro-Monster
(1965) Ebirah, Horror of the Deep
Ebirah, Horror of the Deep
(1966) Son of Godzilla
Godzilla
(1967) Destroy All Monsters
Destroy All Monsters
(1968) All Monsters Attack
All Monsters Attack
(1969) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Hedorah
Hedorah
(1971) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Gigan
Gigan
(1972) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Megalon
Megalon
(1973) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Mechagodzilla
Mechagodzilla
(1974) Terror of Mechagodzilla
Terror of Mechagodzilla
(1975)

Heisei series

The Return of Godzilla
Godzilla
(1984) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Biollante
Biollante
(1989) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. King Ghidorah
King Ghidorah
(1991) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Mothra
Mothra
(1992) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Mechagodzilla
Mechagodzilla
II (1993) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Space Godzilla
Godzilla
(1994) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Destoroyah
Destoroyah
(1995)

Millennium series

Godzilla
Godzilla
2000 (1999) Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Megaguirus
Megaguirus
(2000) Godzilla, Mothra
Mothra
and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack (2001) Godzilla
Godzilla
Against Mechagodzilla
Mechagodzilla
(2002) Godzilla: Tokyo S.O.S. (2003) Godzilla: Final Wars (2004)

Current series

Shin Godzilla
Godzilla
(2016) Godzilla: Planet of the Monsters (2017) Godzilla: City on the Edge of Battle (2018)

American films

Adaptations

Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
(1956) Godzilla
Godzilla
1985 (1985)

TriStar Pictures

Godzilla
Godzilla
(1998)

Legendary Pictures

Godzilla
Godzilla
(2014) Godzilla: King of the Monsters (2019)

Television

Ike! Godman
Ike! Godman
(1972-1973) Ike! Greenman
Ike! Greenman
(1973-1974) Zone Fighter (1973) Godzilla
Godzilla
(1978–1979) Godzilla
Godzilla
Island (1997–1998) Godzilla: The Series (1998–2000)

Video games

List of Godzilla
Godzilla
games (1983–present)

Miscellaneous

Godzilla
Godzilla
in popular culture Comics Locations The Movie Monster Game Battle Soccer: Champions of the Field Godzilla
Godzilla
Game Aliens Godzilla
Godzilla
(Scott Ciencin series) Godzilla
Godzilla
(Marc Cerasini series) Bambi Meets Godzilla Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Charles Barkley Gotengo Miki Saegusa Monsterland and Monster Island Monster Planet of Godzilla Super X Toho Oxygen
Oxygen
Destroyer King Kong Godzilla
Godzilla
(song) Main Theme Godzilla: The Album Godzilla
Godzilla
March SciFi Japan
Japan
TV MonsterVerse

Kaiju

Godzilla Anguirus Rodan Moguera Varan Mothra King Kong Manda Dogora King Ghidorah Baragon Frankenstein's monster Gaira Sanda Ebirah Mechani-Kong Gorosaurus Kamacuras Kumonga Minilla Gezora Kamoebas Hedorah Gigan Megalon Jet Jaguar King Caesar Mechagodzilla Titanosaurus Biollante Mecha-King Ghidorah Battra Godzilla
Godzilla
Junior Bagan SpaceGodzilla Destoroyah Dagahra Orga Megaguirus Kiryu Zilla Monster X Krystalak Obsidius MUTO Trilopod Magita

Related films

Rodan
Rodan
(1956) The Mysterians
The Mysterians
(1957) Varan the Unbelievable (1958) Battle in Outer Space
Battle in Outer Space
(1959) Mothra
Mothra
(1961) Gorath
Gorath
(1962) Atragon
Atragon
(1963) Dogora
Dogora
(1964) Frankenstein Conquers the World
Frankenstein Conquers the World
(1965) The War of the Gargantuas
War of the Gargantuas
(1966) King Kong
King Kong
Escapes (1967) Latitude Zero (1969) Space Amoeba
Space Amoeba
(1970) The War in Space
The War in Space
(1977) Gunhed (1989) Yamato Takeru (1994) Rebirth of Mothra
Mothra
(1996) Rebirth of Mothra
Mothra
II (1997) Rebirth of Mothra
Mothra
III (1998) Chousei Kantai Sazer-X the Movie: Fight! Star Warriors (2005) Always: Sunset on Third Street 2 (2007) Kong: Skull Island (2017)

See also

Gamera Ultraman Ultra Series The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms Gojirasaurus Gorgo The Giant Behemoth Reptilicus Yongary: Monster from the Deep

Book Category

v t e

Films directed by Ishirō Honda

Aoi shinju (1951) Nangoku no hada
Nangoku no hada
(1952) The Man Who Came to Port
The Man Who Came to Port
(1952) Adolescence Part II (1953) Eagle of the Pacific
Eagle of the Pacific
(1953) Farewell Rabaul
Farewell Rabaul
(1954) Godzilla
Godzilla
(1954) Love Makeup
Love Makeup
(1955) Oen-san
Oen-san
(1955) Half Human
Half Human
(1955) Young Tree (1956) Night School (1956) Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
Godzilla, King of the Monsters!
(1956) People of Tokyo, Goodbye
People of Tokyo, Goodbye
(1956) Rodan
Rodan
(1956) Be Happy, These Two Lovers (1957) A Teapicker's Song of Goodbye (1957) A Rainbow Plays in My Heart (1957) A Farewell to the Woman Called My Sister (1957) The Mysterians
The Mysterians
(1957) Song for a Bride (1958) The H-Man
The H-Man
(1958) Varan the Unbelievable (1958) Battle in Outer Space
Battle in Outer Space
(1959) The Human Vapor
The Human Vapor
(1960) Mothra
Mothra
(1961) Gorath
Gorath
(1962) King Kong
King Kong
vs. Godzilla
Godzilla
(1962) Matango
Matango
(1963) Atragon
Atragon
(1963) Mothra
Mothra
vs. Godzilla
Godzilla
(1964) Dogora
Dogora
(1964) Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster
Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster
(1964) Frankenstein Conquers the World
Frankenstein Conquers the World
(1965) Invasion of Astro-Monster
Invasion of Astro-Monster
(1965) The War of the Gargantuas
War of the Gargantuas
(1966) King Kong
King Kong
Escapes (1967) Destroy All Monsters
Destroy All Monsters
(1968) Latitude Zero (1969) All Monsters Attack
All Monsters Attack
(1969) Space Amoeba
Space Amoeba
(1970) Terror of Mechagodzilla
Terror of Mechagodzilla
(1975)

Authority control

WorldCat Identitie

.

Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in D:\Bitnami\wampstack-7.1.16-0\apache2\htdocs\php\PeriodicService.php on line 61