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A WAR DEITY is a god or goddess in mythology associated with war, combat , or bloodshed. They occur commonly in both monotheistic and polytheistic religions.

Unlike most gods and goddesses in polytheistic religions, monotheistic deities have traditionally been portrayed in their mythologies as commanding war in order to spread their religion. (The intimate connection between "holy war " and the "one true god" belief of monotheism has been noted by many scholars; including Jonathan Kirsch in his book God Against The Gods: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism and Joseph Campbell in The Masks of God, Vol. 3: Occidental Mythology.)

The following is a partial list of war deities.

CONTENTS

* 1 African mythology * 2 Armenian mythology * 3 Aztec mythology * 4 Baltic mythology * 5 Berber mythology * 6 Celtic mythology * 7 Chinese mythology * 8 Continental Germanic mythology * 9 Egyptian mythology * 10 Etruscan mythology * 11 Greek mythology * 12 Hawaiian mythology * 13 Hinduism * 14 Hittite mythology * 15 Hungarian mythology * 16 Japanese mythology * 17 Lusitanian mythology * 18 Māori mythology * 19 Maya mythology * 20 Mesopotamian mythology * 21 Mongolian shamanism
Mongolian shamanism
* 22 Native American mythology * 23 Norse mythology * 24 Nuristani mythology * 25 Paleo-Balkan mythology * 26 Polynesian mythology * 27 Roman mythology * 28 Semitic mythology * 29 Slavic mythology * 30 Turco-Mongol mythology * 31 Vietnamese mythology * 32 Vodou * 33 References

AFRICAN MYTHOLOGY

* Agurzil , Berber god of war * Apedemak , Nubian lion-headed warrior god * Kokou , powerful Yoruba warrior god * Maher , Ethiopian god of war * Ogoun , Yoruba deity who presides over fire, iron, hunting, politics, and war * Oya
Oya
, Yoruba warrior-goddess of the Niger River

ARMENIAN MYTHOLOGY

* Anahit
Anahit
, goddess of fertility, birth, beauty, and water; in early periods associated with war

AZTEC MYTHOLOGY

* Patterns of War

* Mixcoatl
Mixcoatl
, god of war and hunting. * Xipe-Totec , god of force, patron of war, agriculture, vegetation, diseases, seasons, rebirth, hunting, trades, and Spring, the lord of the East. * Tlaloc , god of thunder, rain, and earthquakes. * Xiuhtecuhtli
Xiuhtecuhtli
, god of fire.

* Huitzilopochtli , god of will, patron of war, fire, and sun, the lord of the South.

BALTIC MYTHOLOGY

* Kara Māte, Latvian goddess of war * Kauriraris, Lithuanian god of war and war steeds * Kovas, Lithuanian god of war

BERBER MYTHOLOGY

* Gurzil , war god * Ifri, war goddess

CELTIC MYTHOLOGY

* Agrona , reconstructed Proto-Celtic name for the river Aeron in Wales
Wales
, and possibly the name of an associated war goddess * Andarta , Brittonic goddess theorised to be associated with victory, overcoming enemies, war * Alaisiagae , a pair of goddesses worshiped in Roman Britain
Roman Britain
, with parallel Celtic and Germanic titles * Andraste , Gaulish warrior goddess * Anann , Irish goddess of war, death, predicting death in battle, cattle, prosperity, and fertility * Bandua , Gallaecian God of War * Badb , Irish goddess of war who took the form of a crow; member of the Morrígan * Belatucadros , war god worshipped by soldiers and equated with the Roman war god Mars * Camulus , god of war of the Belgic Remi
Remi
and British Trinovantes * Catubodua , Gaulish goddess assumed to be associated with victory * Cicolluis
Cicolluis
, Gaulish and Irish god associated with war * Cocidius , Romano-British god associated with war, hunting and forests * Macha , Irish goddess associated with war, horses, and sovereignty ; member of the Morrígan * The Morrígan , Irish triple goddess associated with sovereignty , prophecy, war, and death on the battlefield * Neit , Irish god of war, husband of Nemain of Badb * Nemain , Irish goddess of the frenzied havoc of war; member of the Morrígan * Rudianos , Gaulish god of war * Segomo , Gaulish god of war * Teutates , British and Gaulish god of war and the tribe

CHINESE MYTHOLOGY

* Jiutian Xuannü
Jiutian Xuannü
, goddess of war, sexuality, and longevity * Ba Yikao, Polestar Emperor. God of Military Outcomes * Wang Shan, Primordial Lord-General * Chi Yu , God of War * Yang Jian , Three Eyed Warrior * Li Jinzha , Marshal of the Center Alter * Li Muzha , Marshal of the Center Alter * Di Qing, Star of Military Fortune, God of Valor

FOUR SAINTS/GUARDIANS OF THE NUMINOUS HEAVEN HALL

* Li Jing , Heavenly King "> Guan Yu
Guan Yu
, Chinese god of loyalty, righteousness, and valor

FIVE GRACED LORDS

* Wang Shan * Guan Yu
Guan Yu
, god of Loyalty, righteousness, and valor * Zhang Shan * Yue Fei * Lu Yan

EIGHT GREAT GENERALS OF HALTING

* Jia Ziyuan * Wang Ziguan * Liu Zida * Du Zaizhen * Fan Zizhang * Li Zaide * Chen Zichun * Zhang Shu

FOUR SAGES OF THE NORTH

* Tienpeng Yuanshuai (Marshal of Canopy) * Tienyou Yuanshuai (Marshal of Strategy) * Yisheng Yuanshuai (Marshal of Sage Support) * Xuanwu Yuanshuai (Marshal of the Black Tortoise)

THIRTY-SIX CELESTIAL GENERALS

* Jiang Guang * Zhong Ying * Jin You * Pang Yu * Liu Ji * Guan Yu * Me Sheng * Wen Qiong * Wang Shan * Kang Ying * Zhu Yan * Lu Kui * Fang Jue * Geng Tong * Deng Bawen * Xin Hanchen * Zhang Yuanba * Yao Yuanxin * Xun Leiji * Bi Zongyuan * Zhao Lang (Zhao Gongming) * Wu Mingyuan * Li Qingtian * Mei Tianshun * Xiong Guangxian * Shi Yuanxin * Kong Leijie * Chen Yuanyuan * Lin Dahua * Zhou Qingyuan * Ji Leigang * Cui Zhixu * Jiang Feijie * He Tianxiang * Gao Ke

THIRTY-SIX CELESTIAL GENERALS (VER.2)

* COMMANDER Lei Ling "> Sekhmet
Sekhmet
, Egyptian warrior goddess

* Anhur , god of war * Bast , cat-headed goddess associated with war, protection of Lower Egypt and the pharaoh , the sun, perfumes, ointments, and embalming * Horus , god of the king, the sky, war, and protection * Maahes
Maahes
, lion-headed god of war * Menhit , goddess of war, "she who massacres" * Montu , falcon -headed god of war, valor, and the Sun * Neith , goddess of war, hunting, and wisdom * Pakhet , goddess of war * Satis , deification of the floods of the Nile River and an early war, hunting, and fertility goddess * Sekhmet
Sekhmet
, goddess of warfare, pestilence, and the desert * Set , god of chaos, associated with war * Sobek , god of the Nile, the army, military, fertility and of crocodiles * Sopdu
Sopdu
, god of the scorching heat of the summer sun, associated with war * Wepwawet , wolf-god of war and death who later became associated with Anubis and the afterlife

ETRUSCAN MYTHOLOGY

* Laran , god of war * Menrva
Menrva
, goddess of war, art, wisdom, and health

GREEK MYTHOLOGY

* Alala
Alala
, spirit of the war cry * Alke , spirit of courage and battle-strength * Amphillogiai , goddesses of disputes * Androktasiai , spirits of battlefield slaughter * Ares , god of war, bloodlust, weapons of war, the defence and sacking of cities, rebellion and civil order, banditry, manliness, and courage; the son of Zeus
Zeus
and Hera
Hera
* Athena
Athena
, goddess of wisdom, war strategy, heroic endeavour, handicrafts, and reason * Bia , spirit of force and compulsion * Deimos , personification of terror * Enyalius , god of battle * Enyo , goddess of war * Eris , goddess of discord, chaos and strife * Homados , spirit of the din of battle * Hysminai , female spirits of fighting and combat * Ioke , spirit of onslaught, battle-tumult, and pursuit * Keres , female spirits of violent or cruel death, including death in battle, by accident, murder, or ravaging disease * Kratos , the personification of strength and power * Kydoimos , spirit of the din of battle * Makhai , male spirits of fighting and combat * Nike , spirit of victory * Palioxis , spirit of backrush, flight, and retreat from battle * Pallas , Titan god of warcraft and of the springtime campaign season * Perses , the Titan of destruction * Phobos , spirit of panic, fear, flight, and battlefield route * Phonoi , spirits of murder, killing, and slaughter * Polemos , spirit of war * Proioxis , spirit of onrush and battlefield pursuit

HAWAIIAN MYTHOLOGY

* , God of war * Pele , goddess of fire, lightning, dance, volcanoes, and violence

HINDUISM

Durga
Durga
slays the buffalo demon

* Chamunda , Goddess of war and disease * Durga
Durga
, The fiercer, demon-fighting form of Shiva
Shiva
's wife, the goddess Parvati * Hanuman
Hanuman
, God associated with war, wisdom, and courage * Indra , God of war, storms, and rainfall * Kali , Goddess associated with time, change, and war * Kartikeya , God of war and battle * Kathyayini , Goddess of vengeance and victory * Mangala
Mangala
, God of war * Matrikas , Goddesses of war, children, and emancipation * Parasurama
Parasurama
, Axe God " Rama
Rama
with an axe", God of war and battle, * Shiva
Shiva
, God of avenging and destroying * Bhaargava , The axe warrior a.k.a. Parashurama * Yama
Yama
, God of Death * Narasimha , God of Justice * Ganesha
Ganesha
, Heroically taking action against demons * Kalki , Destroyer of foulness, darkness and ignorance * Virabhadra
Virabhadra
, The God of Warriors * Nirrti , Goddess of Strife * Rama
Rama
, God associated with War, Justice, Kingship * Krishna
Krishna
, God of strategies of War

HITTITE MYTHOLOGY

* Shaushka , goddess of fertility, war, and healing * Wurrukatte , god of war

HUNGARIAN MYTHOLOGY

* Hadúr , god of war and the metalsmith of the gods

JAPANESE MYTHOLOGY

* Hachiman Daimyōjin, Shinto god of war (on land) and agriculture, divine protector of the Minamoto clan and Imperial Dynasty ownership of Japan * Takemikazuchi -no-kami, god of war, conquest, martial arts, Sumo , and lightning; general of the Amatsukami; god of Kashima and Ujigami of Nakatomi clan * Futsunushi , god of swords, martial arts, and conquest; god of the Mononobe clan * Sarutahiko Ōkami, deity of war and misogi; the Great God who stands at the junction of Heaven and Earth; one of the main Kunitsukami; actively worshipped by Ueshiba Morihei * Suwa Myōjin (Takeminakata-no-kami) , god of valor and duty, protector of Japanese religion * Sumiyoshi Sanjin , gods of navigation and war on sea; partner of Hachiman * Bishamonten , armor-clad god of war * Marishiten , Buddhist goddess of light worshipped by samurai and ninja for invisibility, secrecy, and mystical protection; often linked to Amaterasu and Dainichi Nyōrai

LUSITANIAN MYTHOLOGY

* Neto , god believed to be associated with war

Inanna , Mesopotamian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare

MāORI MYTHOLOGY

* Tūmatauenga , god of war

MAYA MYTHOLOGY

* Tohil , god associated with fire, the sun, rain, mountains and war

MESOPOTAMIAN MYTHOLOGY

* Belus , Babylonian god of war * Inanna , Sumerian goddess of sexual love, fertility, and warfare * Ishtar
Ishtar
, Assyrian and Babylonian counterpart to Inanna * Nergal , Babylonian god of war, fire, the underworld, and pestilence * Pap-nigin-gara , Akkadian and Babylonian god of war * Sebitti , group of minor Akkadian and Babylonian war gods * Shala , Akkadian and Babylonian goddess of war and grain * Shara , minor Sumerian god of war * Shulmanu , god of the underworld, fertility, and war

MONGOLIAN SHAMANISM

* Dayisun Tngri

NATIVE AMERICAN MYTHOLOGY

* Qamaits , Nuxálk warrior goddess * Winalagalis , Kwakwaka\'wakw god of war

NORSE MYTHOLOGY

* Freyja , goddess associated with love, beauty, fertility, gold, seiðr , war, and death * Odin
Odin
, god associated with wisdom, war, battle, and death * Thor
Thor
, god associated with thunder, strength, defense, oaks, goats, lightning, storms, weather, crops, trading voyages, courage, trust, revenge, protection, warfare, and battles * Týr , god associated with honor, law (the "Allthing"), justice in battle, victory, and heroic glory * Ullr , god associated with archery, male beauty, skiing, winter sports, single combat, and war

NURISTANI MYTHOLOGY

* Great Gish , god of war

PALEO-BALKAN MYTHOLOGY

* Thracian Rider * Sabazios
Sabazios
* Danubian Rider

POLYNESIAN MYTHOLOGY

* \ 'Oro , god of war

ROMAN MYTHOLOGY

* Bellona , goddess of war * Honos , god of chivalry, honor, and military justice * Mars , god of war and agriculture, equivalent to the Greek god Ares * Minerva
Minerva
, goddess of wisdom and war, equivalent to the Greek goddess Athena * Nerio , warrior goddess and personification of valor * Victoria , personification of victory, equivalent to the Greek goddess Nike * Virtus , god of bravery and military strength

SEMITIC MYTHOLOGY

* Agasaya , "the Shrieker", goddess of war * Anat , goddess of war * Astarte , goddess of fertility, sexuality, and war, associated with the Mesopotamian Ishtar
Ishtar
or Inanna * Resheph , god of plague and war * Tanit , Phoenician lunar goddess associated with war * Yahweh , Israel
Israel
Bronze-Age the almighty creator and the god of everything.

SLAVIC MYTHOLOGY

* Jarovit , god of vegetation, fertility, and spring, also associated with war and harvest * Perun , god of thunder and lightning, associated with war * Radegast , West Slavic god of hospitality, fertility and crops, associated with war and the sun; may or may not have been worshipped by ancient Slavs * Svetovid
Svetovid
, god of war, fertility, and abundance * Zorya Utrennyaya , goddess of the morning star, sometimes depicted as a warrior goddess who protected men in battle * Serbon , Illyrian god of fertility and war

TURCO-MONGOL MYTHOLOGY

* Kyzaghan , Turkic deity of war

VIETNAMESE MYTHOLOGY

* Thánh Gióng , god of triumph over foreign invaders * Thần Đồng Cổ, the armored protector of Lý dynasty . * Độc Cước, the protector of coastal settlements. Legend has it that he split himself in two with his axe, each half guards coastal villages against sea ogres. * Cao Lỗ , god of military innovations.

VODOU

* Bugid Y Aiba , loa associated with war * Ogoun , loa who presides over fire, iron, hunting, politics, and war * Pie , soldier-loa who lives at the bottoms of lakes and rivers and causes floods

REFERENCES

* ^ Kirsch, J. (2004). God Against the Gods: The History of the War Between Monotheism and Polytheism. Viking Compass. ISBN 9780670032860 . Retrieved 2015-06-22. * ^ "Occidental Mythology
Mythology
(Masks of God): Joseph Campbell: 9780140194418: Amazon.com: Books". amazon.com. Retrieved 2015-06-22. * ^ Cahill, Suzanne E. (18 July 2013). "Sublimation in Medieval China: The Case of the Mysterious Woman of the Nine Heavens". Journal of Chinese Religions. 20 (1): 91–102. doi :10.1179/073776992805307692 . * ^ http://etheses.lib.cuhk.edu.hk/pdf/004777762.pdf

* v * t * e

Lists of mythological figures

BY GEOGRAPHY

* Afghan (pre-Islamic) * African * Arabian (pre-Islamic) * Armenian * Anglo-Saxon * Australian Aboriginal * Aztec * Buddhist * Canaanite * Celtic * Chinese * Egyptian * Estonian * Etruscan * Georgian * Germanic * Greek * Guanche * Haudenosaunee * Hawaiian * Hebridean * Hindu * Hittite * Indonesian * Inuit * Irish * Japanese * Korean * Lakota * Lithuanian * Māori * Mā’ohi * Maya * Mesopotamian * Micronesian * Mycenaean * Native American * Ossetian * Persian * Philippine * Roman * Sami * Samoan * Slavic * Turkic * Tuvaluan * Vainakh * Yoruba

BY ASSOCIATION

* Ar