Goa State Museum, also known as the State Archaeology Museum, Panaji,
is a museum in Goa, India. Established in 1977, it contains
departments including Ancient History and Archaeology, Art and Craft,
and Geology. The museum, as of 2008, had about 8,000 artifacts on
display, including stone sculptures, wooden objects, carvings,
bronzes, paintings, manuscripts, rare coins, and anthropological
objects. The museum was currently located at the EDC Complex in Patto,
Panaji; earlier it was housed at St. Inez, Panjim. As of May 2018,
the Museum has been closed for visitors since the artefacts are
shifted to the Adil Shah's Palace (Old Secretariat) in Panaji. The
Museum's premises at the EDC Complex in Patto,
Panaji shall be
demolished to make way for a new Museum building.
4 See also
7 External links
The museum was created as an Archaeology Museum unit of the Department
of Archives in
Goa in 1973, opening a small museum in a rented
building on 29 September 1977. After building a new museum complex, it
was formally inaugurated by the
President of India
President of India on 18 June
1996. The museum's exhibits provide information about the
ancient historical and cultural traditions of Goa, which are displayed
thematically, to showcase different aspects of the history and culture
Sculpture at the entrance of the Museum
Goa State Museum has fourteen galleries, arranged thematically,
which are the:
Sculpture Gallery, Christian Art Gallery, Printing
History Gallery, Banerji Art Gallery, Religious Expression Gallery,
Cultural Anthropology, Contemporary Art Gallery, Numismatics Gallery,
Goa’s Freedom Struggle Gallery, Menezes Braganza Gallery, Furniture
Gallery, Natural Heritage of
Goa Gallery, Environment &
Development Gallery, and Geology Gallery. The museum has about
8,000 artifacts representing all regions of India, as well as 645
objects borrowed from the
Institute Menezes Braganza
Institute Menezes Braganza Art Gallery and
the Kala Academy.
Sculpture Gallery predominantly exhibits artifacts of
Jain sculptures, including bronzes, from the 4th to the 8th
centuries. The ancient sculptures are of Kubera, Yakshi, Uma and
Mahishasuramardini from Netravali. There are two undated stone
sculptures of the Southern-
Silahara period, one of two warriors from
Kundai called Kantadev which was earlier located in front of the
Navadurga temple, and another of
Surya which was earlier part of the
circumbulatory (pradakshinapath) of the Shri Chandreshwar Bhutnath
Temple. There are also bronze sculptures which are copies of
European artists including Claude and Dalon. The gallery has an
inscription dated to 1049 on a copper plate of Vira Varma, the Kadamba
Christian Art Gallery
In the Christian Art Gallery, there are many types of wooden
sculptures of saints, and devotional paintings and some wooden
furniture of the colonial period. There are also exhibits of Jain
busts, three large raised works of art in relief, busts of Luís de
Camões, Afonso de Albuquerque, and Dom João de Castro, which was
earlier on the walls of the Municipal Gardens.
The Banerji Art Gallery has number of exhibits gifted to the museum by
S. K. Banerji, a former Governor of
Goa and hence the gallery is named
after him. Some of the exhibits are terracota antiquities of Indus
Valley Civilization, seals of Janapadas, plastic art of the Gandhara
school of art, bronze images from South India, wooden images of South
East Asia, and
Dhokra non–ferrous metal casting of art works. There
are also miniature paintings of
Rajasthan of the Jaipur School, Marwar
school, Mewar school and so forth, Mughal paintings, Nathdwara,
patachitras from Orissa, and paintings of contemporary artists.
An exhibit within the Contemporary Art Gallery includes a pair of an
antique rotary lottery machines. These were known as Provedoria
lottery machines manufactured in Lisbon. A few pictures also display
the procedure for operating these machines. They have thousands of
wooden balls, and the first lottery draw is stated to have been held
in 1947. There are many miniature paintings from different regions of
India. The gallery has paintings and sculptures of Goan and Indian
artists such as R. Chimulkar, F. N. Souza, S. H. Raza, M. F. Hussain,
K. H. Ara and many more which have been borrowed from the Kala Academy
and Institute of Menezes Braganza. A flag which marks Portuguese
victory over the Dutch is also on display.
Menezes Braganza Gallery contains contemporary Goan and Indian art,
as well as portrait pictures of Portuguese Governors of
Goa and Prime
Viragal or hero stones, which belonged to the King Biravarma period,
are exhibited in the Cultural Anthropology Gallery. These stones
represent the naval battle fought between the army of rulers of
Honavar and are commemorative stones erected to the
memory of naval soldiers who died during the naval battle of the local
chieftain Biravarma who is believed to have ruled over Goa. The stones
indicate advanced technological skills that was in practice in
building naval craft for battle. One such viragal depicts a ship with
an "axial rudder" with seven rowers. In another viragal, there are
nine oar holes and a "stern-post rudder" which was a further
technological improvement over the axial rudder. These exhibits
indicate that the Chalukyan kings like
Kirtivarman I (566–597) ruled
over Goan territory. The exhibits also consist of ancient period
utility vessels, many types of games, weights and measures, a replica
of a sugarcane crusher, crane and farm implements as well as clay
models of different vocations.
The Environment & Development Gallery has cultural exhibits from
many villages of Goa. The Geology Gallery has a fossil bone dated
A wooden chariot used in festivals
The Religious Expression Gallery has a highly impressive sculpture of
Lord Vishnu dated to the Gupta period. Other exhibits display a
variety of multi-cultural religious colloquium of Goa's past. A
replica of "Tarang", a traditional musical instruments, vessels used
in religious rites, manuscripts in palm-leaf and paper of many
religious scriptures and some photographs of many religious rites and
The Numismatics Gallery has a display of Portuguese-era coins. The
Furniture Gallery contains an intricately carved table and high-backed
chairs which was part of the
Portuguese Inquisition held in
Goa of the
16th century. The legs of the table have carved lions and an eagle in
one half and four figures of human beings in the other half.
Furniture exhibits include a chair of the Portuguese Governor General,
a sofa set with inlay work in ivory, ivory images of small size, chest
of drawers and some western style furniture. In this gallery the
prominent exhibit is of an intricately carved wooden chariot of the
18th century used in festivals.
Goa State Museum Pictures
Old Printing Press
Plates used for printing on newspapers and books
Rare Portuguese Era Notes
Artifacts on display
Artifact from Portuguese Era
Museum of Goa
^ a b c d e f g h i j k "State Archaeology Museum, Panaji". Goa
Tourism, Government of Goa. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
^ a b "About Us". Directorate of Museum, Government of Goa. Retrieved
27 October 2015.
^ a b c d e f Thomas & Karafin 2009, p. 114.
^ "Home". Official website of the Museum. Retrieved 27 October
^ a b c d e f g Harding 2003, p. 116.
^ Mitragotri 1999, p. 122.
^ McCulloch & Stott 2013, p. 57.
^ Malekandathil 2010, p. 27.
Harding, Paul (2003). Goa. Melbourne London: Lonely Planet.
McCulloch, Victoria; Stott, David (30 October 2013).
Mumbai). Footprint Focus Guide. Bath: Footprint Travel Guides.
Malekandathil, Pius (2010). Maritime India: Trade, Religion and Polity
in the Indian Ocean. Delhi: Primus Book.
Mitragotri, Vithal Raghavendra (1999). A socio-cultural history of Goa
from the Bhojas to the Vijayanagara. Institute Menezes Braganza.
Thomas, Amelia; Karafin, Amy (2009).
Goa and Mumbai. Vic. Oakland, CA:
Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1-74104-894-0.
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