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A go-kart, also written as go-cart (often referred to as simply a kart), is a type of open-wheel car. Go-karts come in all shapes and forms, from motorless models to high-powered racing machines. Some, such as Superkarts, are able to beat racing cars or motorcycles on long circuits. Go-carts are child transportation. Gravity racers, usually referred to as Soap Box Derby
Soap Box Derby
carts, are the simplest type of go-karts. They are propelled by gravity, with some races taking place down a single hill. Many recreational karts can be powered by four-stroke engines or electric motors, while racing karts use a two-stroke or, rarely, higher powered four-stroke engines. Most of them are single seater but some recreational models can accommodate a passenger. In some countries, go-karts can be licensed for use on public roads often referred to as street tracks. Typically there are some restrictions, e.g. in the European Union a go-kart on the road needs head light (high/low beam), tail lights, a horn and indicators, and their power must not exceed 20 hp (15 kW).

Contents

1 Recreational, concession and indoor karts

1.1 Engines 1.2 External controls

2 See also 3 References

Recreational, concession and indoor karts[edit] Besides traditional kart racing, many commercial enterprises offer karts for rent, often called "recreational" or "concession" karts. The tracks can be indoor or outdoor. Karts are rented by sessions (usually from 10 to 30 minutes). They use sturdy chassis complete with dedicated bodywork, providing driver safety. Most of these enterprises use an "Arrive and Drive" format which provides customers with all the safety gear (helmets, gloves and driver outfits) necessary, and allow them to show up anytime to race at a reasonable price, without the problem of having to own their own equipment and gear. Outdoor tracks can offer low-speed karts strictly for amusement (dedicated chassis equipped with low powered four-stroke engines or electric motors), or faster, more powerful karts, similar to a racing kart, powered by four-stroke engines up to 15 hp (11 kW) and, more rarely, by 2-stroke engines, but designed to be more robust for rental use. Typically, outdoor tracks are also be used for traditional kart races. Indoor kart tracks can be found in many large cities in different parts of the world. These tracks are often located in refurbished factories or warehouses, and are typically shorter than traditional outdoor tracks. Indoor karts are usually powered by a four-stroke gasoline engine producing anywhere from 5 to 13 hp (4 to 10 kW), or sometimes by an electric motor. Many tracks offer competitive races and leagues. At the top level, an Indoor Karting World Championship (IKWC)[1] exists. Engines[edit] Power is transmitted from the engine to the rear axle by way of a chain (some rentals use a belt).

Four-stroke
Four-stroke
engines can be standard air-cooled industrial based engines, sometimes with small modifications, developing from about 5 to 20 hp (4 to 15 kW). Briggs & Stratton, Tecumseh (company closed in 2008), Kohler, Robin, and Honda
Honda
are manufacturers of such engines. They are adequate for racing and fun kart applications. There are also more powerful two-stroke engines available from manufacturers like Yamaha, KTM, Biland, or Aixro (Wankel engine) offering from 15 to 48 hp (11 to 36 kW). They run at up to 11,000 rpm, and are manufactured specifically for karting. PRD makes the PRD Fireball, a two-stroke engine delivering 28.5 hp (21 kW) at 15,580 rpm. Electric go-karts are low maintenance, requiring only that the lead-acid batteries of the karts be plugged into an array of chargers after each run. Since they are pollution-free and emit no smoke, the racetracks can be indoors in controlled environments. Most fully charged electric karts can run a maximum of 20 minutes before performance is affected. Some karts have been fitted with hydrogen fuel cells.[2]. In 2017 GIGkarts launched first electric rental go kart that can drives 50-60 min, 0-100km/h in 3 seconds. Battery is changeable so it is cheaper than other karts and more options where to run these karts.[3]

External controls[edit] Go-karts used in amusement parks can be fitted with additional electronic controls, such as remote speed limiters, to help promote a safer operating environment. In the event of an accident or an out of control racer, the track attendant can remotely slow or stop all vehicles on the track via radio control. This remote speed control can also be used to limit young riders to a slow operating speed, while a race consisting only of adults is permitted a higher speed. These controls can be applied to both electric and combustion-engine karts. See also[edit]

Crosskart Cyclekart Electrathon Formula Zero Forze Greenpower Hobcart Kart racing Micro kart Off road go-kart

Karting in media

Capeta Crash Team Racing LittleBigPlanet Karting Mario Kart ModNation Racers SuperTuxKart TuxKart

References[edit]

^ Indoor Karting World Championship ^ Forze
Forze
hydrogen karts Archived 2014-05-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://gigkarts.com

v t e

Kart racing

Kart championships

Karting World Championship (CIK-FIA)

European KF1 Championship 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Junior Monaco Kart Cup 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

German Karting Championship Super 1 National Kart Championships Italian Open Masters Rotax Max Challenge British Universities Karting Championship

Superkart

Australian 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

Categories

KF3 KF2 KF1 KZ2 KZ1 Superkart

Related

Capeta Crosskart Cyclekart Go-kart

electric

Kart circuit LittleBigPlanet Karting Mario Kart Micro kart Off road go-kart Racing Dreams Su

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