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Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera
Opera
is an annual opera festival held at Glyndebourne, an English country house
English country house
near Lewes, in East Sussex, England.

The new theatre, 31 July 2007

Contents

1 History 2 Music directors 3 Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera/ Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
On Tour 4 Finances 5 Other media 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Under the supervision of the Christie family, the festival has been held annually since 1934, except in 1941–45 during World War II
World War II
and 1993 when the theatre was being rebuilt, for a 1994 reopening. Gus Christie, son of Sir George Christie and grandson of festival founder John Christie, became festival chairman in 2000.[1]

Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
House, August 1, 2006

Since the company's inception, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
has been particularly celebrated for its productions of Mozart operas.[2] Recordings of Glyndebourne's past historic Mozart productions have been reissued.[3] Other notable productions included their 1980s production of George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, directed by Trevor Nunn, and later expanded from the Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
stage and videotaped in 1993 for television, with Nunn again directing. While Mozart operas have continued to be the mainstay of its repertory, the company has expanded it with productions of Janáček[4][5] and Handel[6] operas. The primary resident orchestra for the Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival is the London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra
(since 1964). The festival's associate orchestra is the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment. In January 2014, Robin Ticciati became the seventh music director of the company.[7][8] David Pickard has been general director of the festival, since 2001.[9] In November 2015, the festival announced the appointment of Sebastian F. Schwarz as its general director, effective in May 2016.[10] The festival operates without subsidy. Its first placement of advertisements was in 2003.[11] The festival has planned to incorporate power by wind turbine, as part of its "green" initiatives.[12] Many Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
attendees come from London, and the event is regarded as part of the English summer season. Performances start in the afternoon, enabling Londoners to leave town after lunch, and finish in time for them to catch the last train back. A long interval allows opera-goers the opportunity for picnic dinners on the extensive lawns or in one of the restaurants in the grounds. Annually in London, the company presents an opera performance at The Proms.[13] Music directors[edit]

Fritz Busch
Fritz Busch
(1934–1951) Vittorio Gui
Vittorio Gui
(1952–1963) John Pritchard (1964–1977) Bernard Haitink
Bernard Haitink
(1978–1988) Andrew Davis (1989–2000) Vladimir Jurowski
Vladimir Jurowski
(2001–2013) Robin Ticciati (2014–present)

Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera/ Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
On Tour[edit]

The Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
on Tour trailer

In 1968, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera
Opera
established a touring ensemble, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera, which in its first season took opera productions to Newcastle, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield
Sheffield
and Oxford. In addition to bringing the work of Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera
Opera
to audiences some distance from Glyndebourne, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera offers opportunities for younger opera singers to develop their craft. In 2003, the Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera
Opera
administrative duties were absorbed back into the main Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera administration, and the touring company was renamed Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
On Tour. Unlike Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
On Tour does receive some subsidy, from the Arts Council England. The schedule involves three weeks of performances at Glyndebourne, and then one week in each of the six cities and towns that the touring company visits each year. The music directors of Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera
Opera
and Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
on Tour are separate from the Glyndebourne Festival Opera
Opera
music directors. The list of the Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Touring Opera/ Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
on Tour music directors is as follows:

Myer Fredman (1968–1974) Kenneth Montgomery (1975–1976) Nicholas Braithwaite (1977–1980) Jane Glover (1982–1985)[14] Graeme Jenkins (1986–1991) Ivor Bolton (1992–1997) Louis Langrée
Louis Langrée
(1998–2003) Edward Gardner (2004–2007) Robin Ticciati (2007–2009) Jakub Hrůša
Jakub Hrůša
(2010–2012)

Ticciati is the first former music director of Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
on Tour to be named music director of the full Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Opera
Opera
company. Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera
Opera
has also toured internationally, including the Adelaide Festival
Adelaide Festival
in 2006 with its production of Flight by Jonathan Dove
Jonathan Dove
and April De Angelis. Finances[edit] Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
is constituted as a registered charity called Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Productions Limited, which is a company limited by guarantee. It has a wholly owned subsidiary, Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Enterprises Limited, which carries out merchandising, production hire and media development activities, and donates its profits to the charity. A related charity called the Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Arts Trust carries out fund-raising activities. Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Association America allows residents of the United States to make tax efficient donations to Glyndebourne.[15] Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
has an annual budget of a little over £20 million, as of 2010. The Festival is the only major opera season in the United Kingdom which is not state subsidised. Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
On Tour receives an annual subsidy of around £1.5 million from Arts Council England, but is budgeted to make an annual loss even after this has been credited. The shortfall is covered by an internal cross subsidy. Other media[edit] The Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Label was established in 2008 to release live recordings on CD. Commercial releases have included Mozart's Idomeneo (with Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
and Gundula Janowitz), Dvořák's Rusalka
Rusalka
and Benjamin Britten's Billy Budd. During the music directorship of Vladimir Jurowski,[16][17] the festival began its " Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
on Screen" programme, for viewers to see performances from the festival in cinemas and live-streaming on personal computers, the latter in partnership with The Guardian
The Guardian
newspaper. See also[edit]

Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Opera
Opera
House Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera: history and repertoire, 1934–1951 Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera: history and repertoire 1952-1963 Country house opera List of opera festivals List of music festivals in the United Kingdom

References[edit] Notes

^ Rupert Christiansen (1 May 2001). "Dad assures me we're in the best condition ever". Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-03-25.  ^ McN., W. (July 1935). "The Mozart Festival at Glyndebourne". The Musical Times. 76 (1109): 646. JSTOR 920186.  ^ Tim Ashley (13 June 2008). "Mozart: Le Nozze di Figaro, Gencer/ Freni/ Bacquier/ Blankenburg/ RPO/ Varviso". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ Tim Ashley (4 June 2002). "Katya Kabanova". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ Andrew Clements (31 October 2003). "The Makropulos Case: London Philharmonic/Davis". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ Martin Kettle (24 May 2009). "Giulio Cesare". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ " Robin Ticciati will be Festival Music Director from January 2014" (Press release). Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.  ^ Maeve Kennedy (1 July 2011). " Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
baton handed to Robin Ticciati". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-07-01.  ^ "David Pickard appointed Director, BBC Proms" (Press release). Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera. 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2015-11-22.  ^ " Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Appoints New General Director" (Press release). Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera. 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-22.  ^ Charlotte Higgins (15 May 2003). "Inclusive engagement". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-12.  ^ Charlotte Higgins (30 November 2009). "How British opera reinvented itself". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ Martin Kettle (20 July 2006). "Cosi fan tutte (Royal Albert Hall, London)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  ^ Norwich, p. 226, lists the first four GTO music directors ^ "Glyndebourne: a brief history". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2015.  ^ Fiachra Gibbons (26 August 2000). "New baton". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-12.  ^ Tim Ashley and Caroline Sullivan (17 May 2002). "A tale of two festivals". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 

Sources

Kennedy, Michael, Glyndebourne: A Brief History, Oxford: Shire Publications, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7478-0821-3 Norwich, John Julius, Fifty Years of Glyndebourne, London: Cape, 1985 ISBN 0-224-02310-1

External links[edit]

Media related to Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
at Wikimedia Commons Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
Festival Opera
Opera
website Ham Life blog - A fan's reviews and photos An oral history of Glyndebourne
Glyndebourne
opera - sound recordings of interviews with gardeners, musicians and staff.

Coordinates: 50°52′41″N 0°03′51″E / 50.87806°N 0.06417°E / 50.87806; 0.06417

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