Opera is an annual opera festival held at
English country house
English country house near Lewes, in East Sussex,
The new theatre, 31 July 2007
2 Music directors
Glyndebourne Touring Opera/
Glyndebourne On Tour
5 Other media
6 See also
8 External links
Under the supervision of the Christie family, the festival has been
held annually since 1934, except in 1941–45 during
World War II
World War II and
1993 when the theatre was being rebuilt, for a 1994 reopening. Gus
Christie, son of Sir George Christie and grandson of festival founder
John Christie, became festival chairman in 2000.
Glyndebourne House, August 1, 2006
Since the company's inception,
Glyndebourne has been particularly
celebrated for its productions of Mozart operas. Recordings of
Glyndebourne's past historic Mozart productions have been reissued.
Other notable productions included their 1980s production of George
Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, directed by Trevor Nunn, and later expanded
Glyndebourne stage and videotaped in 1993 for television,
with Nunn again directing. While Mozart operas have continued to be
the mainstay of its repertory, the company has expanded it with
productions of Janáček and Handel operas.
The primary resident orchestra for the
Glyndebourne Festival is the
London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra (since 1964). The festival's associate
orchestra is the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment. In January
Robin Ticciati became the seventh music director of the
David Pickard has been general director of the festival, since
2001. In November 2015, the festival announced the appointment of
Sebastian F. Schwarz as its general director, effective in May
2016. The festival operates without subsidy. Its first placement
of advertisements was in 2003. The festival has planned to
incorporate power by wind turbine, as part of its "green"
Glyndebourne attendees come from London, and the event is
regarded as part of the English summer season. Performances start in
the afternoon, enabling Londoners to leave town after lunch, and
finish in time for them to catch the last train back. A long interval
allows opera-goers the opportunity for picnic dinners on the extensive
lawns or in one of the restaurants in the grounds. Annually in London,
the company presents an opera performance at The Proms.
Fritz Busch (1934–1951)
Vittorio Gui (1952–1963)
John Pritchard (1964–1977)
Bernard Haitink (1978–1988)
Andrew Davis (1989–2000)
Vladimir Jurowski (2001–2013)
Robin Ticciati (2014–present)
Glyndebourne Touring Opera/
Glyndebourne On Tour
Glyndebourne on Tour trailer
Opera established a touring ensemble,
Glyndebourne Touring Opera, which in its first season took opera
productions to Newcastle, Liverpool, Manchester,
Sheffield and Oxford.
In addition to bringing the work of
audiences some distance from Glyndebourne,
Glyndebourne Touring Opera
offers opportunities for younger opera singers to develop their craft.
In 2003, the
Opera administrative duties were
absorbed back into the main
Glyndebourne Festival Opera
administration, and the touring company was renamed
Glyndebourne Festival Opera,
Glyndebourne On Tour does
receive some subsidy, from the Arts Council England.
The schedule involves three weeks of performances at Glyndebourne, and
then one week in each of the six cities and towns that the touring
company visits each year. The music directors of
Glyndebourne on Tour are separate from the Glyndebourne
Opera music directors. The list of the
Glyndebourne on Tour music directors is as follows:
Myer Fredman (1968–1974)
Kenneth Montgomery (1975–1976)
Nicholas Braithwaite (1977–1980)
Jane Glover (1982–1985)
Graeme Jenkins (1986–1991)
Ivor Bolton (1992–1997)
Louis Langrée (1998–2003)
Edward Gardner (2004–2007)
Robin Ticciati (2007–2009)
Jakub Hrůša (2010–2012)
Ticciati is the first former music director of
Glyndebourne on Tour to
be named music director of the full
Opera has also toured internationally, including
Adelaide Festival in 2006 with its production of Flight by
Jonathan Dove and April De Angelis.
Glyndebourne is constituted as a registered charity called
Glyndebourne Productions Limited, which is a company limited by
guarantee. It has a wholly owned subsidiary,
Limited, which carries out merchandising, production hire and media
development activities, and donates its profits to the charity. A
related charity called the
Glyndebourne Arts Trust carries out
Glyndebourne Association America allows
residents of the United States to make tax efficient donations to
Glyndebourne has an annual budget of a little over £20 million, as of
2010. The Festival is the only major opera season in the United
Kingdom which is not state subsidised.
Glyndebourne On Tour receives
an annual subsidy of around £1.5 million from Arts Council England,
but is budgeted to make an annual loss even after this has been
credited. The shortfall is covered by an internal cross subsidy.
Glyndebourne Label was established in 2008 to release live
recordings on CD. Commercial releases have included Mozart's Idomeneo
Luciano Pavarotti and Gundula Janowitz), Dvořák's
Benjamin Britten's Billy Budd. During the music directorship of
Vladimir Jurowski, the festival began its "
Screen" programme, for viewers to see performances from the festival
in cinemas and live-streaming on personal computers, the latter in
The Guardian newspaper.
Glyndebourne Festival Opera: history and repertoire, 1934–1951
Glyndebourne Festival Opera: history and repertoire 1952-1963
Country house opera
List of opera festivals
List of music festivals in the United Kingdom
^ Rupert Christiansen (1 May 2001). "Dad assures me we're in the best
condition ever". Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
^ McN., W. (July 1935). "The Mozart Festival at Glyndebourne". The
Musical Times. 76 (1109): 646. JSTOR 920186.
^ Tim Ashley (13 June 2008). "Mozart: Le Nozze di Figaro, Gencer/
Freni/ Bacquier/ Blankenburg/ RPO/ Varviso". The Guardian. Retrieved
^ Tim Ashley (4 June 2002). "Katya Kabanova". The Guardian. Retrieved
^ Andrew Clements (31 October 2003). "The Makropulos Case: London
Philharmonic/Davis". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
^ Martin Kettle (24 May 2009). "Giulio Cesare". The Guardian.
Robin Ticciati will be Festival Music Director from January 2014"
Glyndebourne Festival Opera. 1 July 2011. Archived
from the original on 2 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
^ Maeve Kennedy (1 July 2011). "
Glyndebourne baton handed to Robin
Ticciati". The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-07-01.
^ "David Pickard appointed Director, BBC Proms" (Press release).
Glyndebourne Festival Opera. 2015-05-26. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
Glyndebourne Appoints New General Director" (Press release).
Glyndebourne Festival Opera. 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
^ Charlotte Higgins (15 May 2003). "Inclusive engagement". The
Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
^ Charlotte Higgins (30 November 2009). "How British opera reinvented
itself". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
^ Martin Kettle (20 July 2006). "Cosi fan tutte (Royal Albert Hall,
London)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
^ Norwich, p. 226, lists the first four GTO music directors
^ "Glyndebourne: a brief history". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 30 June
^ Fiachra Gibbons (26 August 2000). "New baton". The Guardian.
^ Tim Ashley and Caroline Sullivan (17 May 2002). "A tale of two
festivals". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
Kennedy, Michael, Glyndebourne: A Brief History, Oxford: Shire
Publications, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7478-0821-3
Norwich, John Julius, Fifty Years of Glyndebourne, London: Cape, 1985
Media related to
Glyndebourne at Wikimedia Commons
Ham Life blog - A fan's reviews and photos
An oral history of
Glyndebourne opera - sound recordings of interviews
with gardeners, musicians and staff.
Coordinates: 50°52′41″N 0°03′51″E / 50.87806°N
0.06417°E / 50.87806; 0.06417