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GLOUCESTERSHIRE (/ˈɡlɒstərʃər/ ( listen ), /-ʃɪər/ ( listen ); formerly abbreviated as GLOUCS. in print but now often as GLOS.) is a county in South West England
England
. The county comprises part of the Cotswold Hills , part of the flat fertile valley of the River Severn , and the entire Forest of Dean .

The county town is the city of Gloucester
Gloucester
, and other principal towns include Cheltenham
Cheltenham
, Cirencester , Stroud , Tewkesbury and Dursley .

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
borders Herefordshire
Herefordshire
to the northwest, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
to the south, Bristol
Bristol
and Somerset
Somerset
to the south west, Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the north, Oxfordshire to the east, Warwickshire to the northeast, and the Welsh county of Monmouthshire to the west.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography and environment * 3 Economy

* 4 Education

* 4.1 Secondary schools * 4.2 Higher and further education

* 5 Towns and cities

* 5.1 Cities * 5.2 Towns * 5.3 Green belt

* 6 Antiquities * 7 Places of interest * 8 Media * 9 In popular culture * 10 Animals * 11 See also * 12 Notes * 13 Further reading * 14 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
is a historic county mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the 10th century, though the areas of Winchcombe
Winchcombe
and the Forest of Dean were not added until the late 11th century. Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
originally included Bristol, then a small town. The local rural community moved to the port city (as Bristol
Bristol
was to become), and Bristol's population growth accelerated during the industrial revolution. Bristol
Bristol
became a county in its own right, separate from Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Somerset
Somerset
in 1373. It later became part of the administrative County of Avon from 1974 to 1996.

Upon the abolition of Avon in 1996, the region north of Bristol became a unitary authority area of South Gloucestershire and is now part of the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.

The official former postal county abbreviation was "Glos.", rather than the frequently used but erroneous "Gloucs." or "Glouc.".

In July 2007, Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
suffered the worst flooding in recorded British history, with tens of thousands of residents affected. The RAF conducted the largest peace time domestic operation in its history to rescue over 120 residents from flood affected areas. The damage was estimated at over £2 billion.

The county recovered rapidly from the disaster, investing in attracting tourists to visit the many sites and diverse range of shops in the area.

GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
has three main landscape areas, a large part of the Cotswolds, the Royal Forest of Dean and the Severn Vale. The Cotswolds take up a large portion of the east and south of the county, The Forest of Dean taking up the west, with the Severn and its valley running between these features. The Daffodil Way in the Leadon Valley, on the border of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Herefordshire
Herefordshire
surrounding the village of Dymock , is known for its many spring flowers, orchards, and woodland, which attracts many walkers.

ECONOMY

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YEAR REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES

1995 5,771 196 1,877 3,698

2000 8,163 148 2,677 5,338

2003 10,617 166 2,933 7,517

The following is a chart of Gloucestershire's gross value added total in thousands of British Pounds Sterling from 1997-2009 based upon the Office for National Statistics figures

YEAR GVA (MILL. £)

1997 7,167

1998 7,630

1999 8,034

2000 8,414

2001 8,947

2002 9,504

2003 10,117

2004 10,525

2005 10,680

2006 11,073

2007 11,563

2008 11,666

2009 11,452

The 2009 estimation of £11,452 million GVA can be compared to the South West regional average of £7927 million.

EDUCATION

SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Further information: List of schools in Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
has mainly comprehensive schools with seven selective schools; two are in Stroud ( Stroud High School for girls and Marling School for boys), one in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
(Pate\'s Grammar ) and four in Gloucester
Gloucester
(Sir Thomas Rich\'s and The Crypt for boys and The High School and Ribston Hall for girls). There are 42 state secondary schools, not including sixth form colleges , and 12 independent schools, including the renowned Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Ladies\' College , Cheltenham
Cheltenham
College and Wycliffe College . All but about two schools in each district have a sixth form, but the Forest of Dean only has two schools with sixth forms. All schools in South Gloucestershire have sixth forms.

HIGHER AND FURTHER EDUCATION

A campus of the University of Gloucestershire

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
has two universities, the University of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and the Royal Agricultural University , and four higher and further education colleges, Gloucestershire College , Cirencester College , South Gloucestershire and Stroud College and the Royal Forest of Dean College . Each has campuses at multiple locations throughout the county. The University of the West of England
England
also has two locations in Gloucestershire; an associate faculty (Hartpury College ) specialising in animal behaviour and welfare, agricultural and sports related courses in Hartpury, Gloucestershire and a regional centre at the Gloucester
Gloucester
Docks , Alexandra Warehouse, specialising in Adult and Mental Health Nursing.

TOWNS AND CITIES

Main article: List of places in Gloucestershire See also: List of settlements in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
by population

Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
has one city and 33 towns:

CITIES

* Gloucester
Gloucester

TOWNS

The towns in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
are:

* Berkeley * Bradley Stoke * Cheltenham
Cheltenham
* Chipping Campden * Chipping Sodbury * Cinderford * Cirencester * Coleford * Dursley * Fairford * Filton * Kemble * Kingswood * Lechlade * Lydney * Minchinhampton * Mitcheldean * Moreton-in-Marsh * Nailsworth * Newent * Northleach * Painswick * Patchway * Quedgeley * Stonehouse * Stow-on-the-Wold * Stroud * Tetbury * Tewkesbury * Thornbury * Winchcombe
Winchcombe
* Wotton-under-Edge * Yate

Town in Monmouthshire with suburbs in Gloucestershire:

* Chepstow

GREEN BELT

Main articles: Avon Green Belt
Avon Green Belt
and Gloucester
Gloucester
and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Green Belt

The county has two green belt areas, the first covers the southern area in the South Gloucestershire district, to protect outlying villages and towns between Thornbury and Chipping Sodbury from the urban sprawl of the Bristol
Bristol
conurbation . The second belt lies around Gloucester, Cheltenham, and Bishop's Cleeve, to afford those areas and villages in between a protection from urban sprawl and further convergence. Both belts intersect with the boundaries of the Cotswolds AONB .

ANTIQUITIES

There are a variety of religious buildings across the county, notably the cathedral of Gloucester
Gloucester
, the abbey church of Tewkesbury (which is over 500 years old and has the tallest Norman tower in England), and the church of Cirencester . Of the abbey of Hailes near Winchcombe
Winchcombe
, founded by Richard, Earl of Cornwall , in 1246, little more than the foundations are left, but these have been excavated and fragments have been brought to light. Parish Church of St. Mary, Fairford

Most of the old market towns have parish churches . At Deerhurst near Tewkesbury and Bishop\'s Cleeve near Cheltenham
Cheltenham
, there are churches of special interest on account of the pre-Norman work they retain. There is also a Perpendicular church in Lechlade , and that at Fairford was built (c. 1500), according to tradition, to contain a series of stained-glass windows which are said to have been brought from the Netherlands
Netherlands
. These are, however, adjudged to be of English workmanship.

Other notable buildings include Calcot Barn in Calcot, a relic of Kingswood Abbey . Thornbury Castle is a Tudor country house, the pretensions of which evoked the jealousy of Cardinal Wolsey against its builder, Edward Stafford, duke of Buckingham , who was beheaded in 1521. Near Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is the 15th-century mansion of Southam de la Bere , of timber and stone. Memorials of the de la Bere family appear in the church at Cleeve. The mansion contains a tiled floor from Hailes Abbey
Hailes Abbey
. At Great Badminton is the mansion and vast domain of the Beauforts (formerly of the Botelers and others), on the south-eastern boundary of the county. Berkeley Castle at over 800 years old and the ruins of Witcombe Roman Villa at Great Witcombe are also notable heritage features.

There are several royal residences in Gloucestershire, including Highgrove House , Gatcombe Park , and (formerly) Nether Lypiatt Manor .

An annual "cheese-rolling " event takes place at Cooper's Hill, near Brockworth and the Cotswold Games occurred within the county.

PLACES OF INTEREST

KEY

Abbey/Priory/Cathedral

Accessible open space

Amusement/Theme Park

Castle

Country Park

English Heritage
English Heritage

Forestry Commission

Heritage railway

Historic House

Museum (free/not free)

National Trust

Theatre

Zoo

Gloucester
Gloucester
Cathedral Aerial photo of Sudeley Castle

Places of interest in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
include:

* Badminton House , residence of the Dukes of Beaufort * Berkeley Castle , an example of a feudal stronghold. * Beverston Castle
Beverston Castle
* Chavenage House * Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Town Football Club * Clearwell Caves * Dean Forest Railway * Dyrham Park * Edward Jenner
Edward Jenner
's House * Gloucester
Gloucester
Cathedral * Gloucester
Gloucester
Rugby * Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Warwickshire Railway * Hailes Abbey
Hailes Abbey
* Newark Park * Owlpen Manor * Rodborough and Minchinhampton Commons * Snowshill Manor * Sudeley Castle , burial place of Queen Catherine Parr
Catherine Parr
, 6th wife and consort of King Henry VIII . * Stanway House * River Thames * Rodmarton Manor * Severn Bore * Tewkesbury Abbey * Tewkesbury Medieval Festival * Tyndale Monument * Wildfowl and Wetland Trust, Slimbridge * Westbury Court Garden * Woodchester Mansion

Areas of countryside in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
include:

* Forest of Dean * Wye Valley
Wye Valley

Scenic Railway Line:

* Gloucester
Gloucester
to Newport Line

MEDIA

Gloucestershire's daily newspapers are The Citizen , which covers Gloucester, Stroud and the Forest of Dean, and the Gloucestershire Echo , which covers Cheltenham, Tewkesbury and the Cotswolds. The two daily papers, along with free weeklies The Forester, Stroud Life, The Gloucester
Gloucester
News and The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
and Tewkesbury News, are all published by Northcliffe Media . The Stroud News ">

Radio stations in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
include BBC Radio Gloucestershire and Heart Gloucestershire , Sunshine Radio and The Breeze (Cheltenham "> The south cloister of Gloucester
Gloucester
Cathedral was used for filming scenes in the Harry Potter films.

There are two well-known accounts of childhood in rural Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
in the early 20th century, Laurie Lee 's Cider With Rosie and Winifred Foley 's A Child in the Forest. Part of Mrs. Craik\'s novel John Halifax, Gentleman is set in Enderley, a thinly disguised Amberley , where she lived at the time of writing. Most of the book is set in Nortonbury, easily recognisable as Tewkesbury.

The county has also been the setting for a number of high-profile movies and TV series, including Die Another Day , Harry Potter and BBC TV series Butterflies . The film Hot Fuzz was set in Gloucestershire where Simon Pegg , who co-wrote and starred in the film, grew up.

"A Girl\'s Best Friend ", the pilot for the proposed Doctor Who spin-off, K-9 and Company , was filmed in Gloucestershire. The setting is the fictional town of Moreton Harwood.

The fictional town of Leadworth in Doctor Who is located in Gloucestershire. It is the home of companions Amy Pond , Rory Williams and River Song in their childhoods and young adulthoods.

A fictional Brimpsfield was the village, home of Peter and Abby Grant, in the 1970s Survivors BBC TV series, with a railway connection to London.

ANIMALS

A boar of the local Gloucestershire Old Spot breed.

The famous Gloucestershire Old Spots pig is named for Gloucestershire and is historically associated with the county. Sheep roam widely in the Forest of Dean. The Forest of Dean and the Wye Valley
Wye Valley
also have wild boar .

Gloucester
Gloucester
cattle , a rare breed, can still be found in and around Gloucestershire. They can be recognised by the white stripe that runs down the centre of their backs to the tip of their tails. The cattle are famous for producing milk for both Single Gloucester
Gloucester
and Double Gloucester
Gloucester
cheeses.

SEE ALSO

* England
England
portal

* Category:Grade I listed buildings in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
* Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire - Keepers of the Rolls * Diocese of Gloucester
Gloucester
* High Sheriff of Gloucestershire * Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire * Gloucestershire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of MPs for Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
constituency * Gloucestershire County Cricket Club * Gloucestershire Regiment * Gloucestershire Constabulary * Gloucestershire Police and Crime Commissioner * List of people from Gloucestershire * List of hills of Gloucestershire * Royal Gloucestershire Hussars * West Country dialects

NOTES

* ^ " Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
2017/2018". High Sheriffs Association. Retrieved 9 June 2017. * ^ "Flood crisis grows as rivers rise". BBC News. 23 July 2007. Retrieved 15 February 2013. * ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding * ^ includes hunting and forestry * ^ includes energy and construction * ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured * ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/regional-accounts/regional-gross-value-added--income-approach-/december-2011/rft-nuts1.xls * ^ Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Media Group\'s portfolio – Northcliffe Media subsidiary which publishes local papers in Gloucestershire * ^ " Minchinhampton - Introduction A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 11 (pp. 184-190)". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 15 February 2013. * ^ \' Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
TV and Movie Locations\' at Gloucestershire On Screen * ^ " Doctor Who Locations Guide: K9 and Company". Doctorwholocations.net. Retrieved 15 February 2013. * ^ "K-9 and Company". Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 29 December 2013. * ^ Moffat, Steven (3 April 2010). "The Eleventh Hour ". Doctor Who . Series 5. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One.

* ^ Moffat, Steven (3 April 2010). "The Eleventh Hour ". Doctor Who . Series 5. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. Moffat, Steven (26 June 2010). "The Big Bang ". Doctor Who . Series 5. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. Moffat, Steven (27 August 2011). "Let\'s Kill Hitler ". Doctor Who . Series 6. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. * ^ " Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Old Spots". Rbst.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2014. * ^ "Campsites in the Forest of Dean". Camping in the forest. Retrieved 23 February 2014. * ^ Vidal, John (5 April 2013). "Hundreds of wild boars face cull in Forest of Dean". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 February 2014. * ^ "Gloucester" (PDF). Rare Breeds Survival Trust. 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2014. * ^ " Gloucester
Gloucester
Cattle Society". gloucestercattle.org.uk.

FURTHER READING

Rudder, Samuel . (1779) A New History of Gloucestershire. Reprint: Nonsuch Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84588-023-4 (Free download of original here: A New History of Gloucestershire)

EXTERNAL LINKS

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