GLOUCESTERSHIRE (/ˈɡlɒstərʃər/ ( listen ), /-ʃɪər/ (
listen ); formerly abbreviated as GLOUCS. in print but now often as
GLOS.) is a county in South West
England . The county comprises part
Cotswold Hills , part of the flat fertile valley of the River
Severn , and the entire
Forest of Dean .
The county town is the city of
Gloucester , and other principal towns
Herefordshire to the northwest,
Somerset to the south west,
Oxfordshire to the east,
Warwickshire to the northeast, and
the Welsh county of
Monmouthshire to the west.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography and environment
* 3 Economy
* 4 Education
* 4.1 Secondary schools
* 4.2 Higher and further education
* 5 Towns and cities
* 5.1 Cities
* 5.2 Towns
* 5.3 Green belt
* 6 Antiquities
* 7 Places of interest
* 8 Media
* 9 In popular culture
* 10 Animals
* 11 See also
* 12 Notes
* 13 Further reading
* 14 External links
History of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire is a historic county mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle in the 10th century, though the areas of
Winchcombe and the
Forest of Dean were not added until the late 11th century.
Gloucestershire originally included Bristol, then a small town. The
local rural community moved to the port city (as
Bristol was to
become), and Bristol's population growth accelerated during the
Bristol became a county in its own right,
Somerset in 1373. It later became
part of the administrative
County of Avon from 1974 to 1996.
Upon the abolition of Avon in 1996, the region north of Bristol
became a unitary authority area of
South Gloucestershire and is now
part of the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.
The official former postal county abbreviation was "Glos.", rather
than the frequently used but erroneous "Gloucs." or "Glouc.".
In July 2007,
Gloucestershire suffered the worst flooding in recorded
British history, with tens of thousands of residents affected. The RAF
conducted the largest peace time domestic operation in its history to
rescue over 120 residents from flood affected areas. The damage was
estimated at over £2 billion.
The county recovered rapidly from the disaster, investing in
attracting tourists to visit the many sites and diverse range of shops
in the area.
GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT
Gloucestershire has three main landscape areas, a large part of the
Cotswolds, the Royal
Forest of Dean and the Severn Vale. The Cotswolds
take up a large portion of the east and south of the county, The
Forest of Dean taking up the west, with the Severn and its valley
running between these features. The Daffodil Way in the Leadon Valley,
on the border of
Herefordshire surrounding the
Dymock , is known for its many spring flowers, orchards,
and woodland, which attracts many walkers.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of
Gloucestershire at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by
Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British
REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED
The following is a chart of Gloucestershire's gross value added total
in thousands of British Pounds Sterling from 1997-2009 based upon the
Office for National Statistics figures
GVA (MILL. £)
The 2009 estimation of £11,452 million GVA can be compared to the
South West regional average of £7927 million.
List of schools in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire has mainly comprehensive schools with seven selective
schools; two are in
Stroud High School for girls and Marling
School for boys), one in
Cheltenham (Pate\'s Grammar ) and four in
Gloucester (Sir Thomas Rich\'s and The Crypt for boys and The High
School and Ribston Hall for girls). There are 42 state secondary
schools, not including sixth form colleges , and 12 independent
schools, including the renowned
Cheltenham Ladies\' College ,
Cheltenham College and Wycliffe College . All but about two schools in
each district have a sixth form, but the
Forest of Dean only has two
schools with sixth forms. All schools in
South Gloucestershire have
HIGHER AND FURTHER EDUCATION
A campus of the
University of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire has two universities, the University of
Gloucestershire and the
Royal Agricultural University , and four
higher and further education colleges,
Gloucestershire College ,
Cirencester College ,
South Gloucestershire and
Stroud College and the
Forest of Dean College . Each has campuses at multiple locations
throughout the county. The University of the West of
England also has
two locations in Gloucestershire; an associate faculty (Hartpury
College ) specialising in animal behaviour and welfare, agricultural
and sports related courses in
Hartpury, Gloucestershire and a regional
centre at the
Gloucester Docks , Alexandra Warehouse, specialising in
Adult and Mental Health Nursing.
TOWNS AND CITIES
List of places in Gloucestershire See also: List of
Gloucestershire by population
Gloucestershire has one city and 33 towns:
The towns in
Monmouthshire with suburbs in Gloucestershire:
Avon Green Belt
Avon Green Belt and
The county has two green belt areas, the first covers the southern
area in the
South Gloucestershire district, to protect outlying
villages and towns between Thornbury and
Chipping Sodbury from the
urban sprawl of the
Bristol conurbation . The second belt lies around
Gloucester, Cheltenham, and Bishop's Cleeve, to afford those areas and
villages in between a protection from urban sprawl and further
convergence. Both belts intersect with the boundaries of the Cotswolds
There are a variety of religious buildings across the county, notably
the cathedral of
Gloucester , the abbey church of
Tewkesbury (which is
over 500 years old and has the tallest Norman tower in England), and
the church of
Cirencester . Of the abbey of Hailes near
Richard, Earl of Cornwall , in 1246, little more than the
foundations are left, but these have been excavated and fragments have
been brought to light. Parish Church of St. Mary,
Most of the old market towns have parish churches . At
Tewkesbury and Bishop\'s Cleeve near
Cheltenham , there are churches
of special interest on account of the pre-Norman work they retain.
There is also a Perpendicular church in
Lechlade , and that at
Fairford was built (c. 1500), according to tradition, to contain a
series of stained-glass windows which are said to have been brought
Netherlands . These are, however, adjudged to be of English
Other notable buildings include Calcot Barn in Calcot, a relic of
Kingswood Abbey .
Thornbury Castle is a Tudor country house, the
pretensions of which evoked the jealousy of Cardinal Wolsey against
its builder, Edward Stafford, duke of Buckingham , who was beheaded in
Cheltenham is the 15th-century mansion of Southam de la
Bere , of timber and stone. Memorials of the de la Bere family appear
in the church at Cleeve. The mansion contains a tiled floor from
Hailes Abbey . At Great Badminton is the mansion and vast domain of
the Beauforts (formerly of the Botelers and others), on the
south-eastern boundary of the county.
Berkeley Castle at over 800
years old and the ruins of Witcombe Roman Villa at Great Witcombe are
also notable heritage features.
There are several royal residences in Gloucestershire, including
Highgrove House ,
Gatcombe Park , and (formerly) Nether Lypiatt Manor
An annual "cheese-rolling " event takes place at Cooper's Hill, near
Brockworth and the
Cotswold Games occurred within the county.
PLACES OF INTEREST
Accessible open space
Museum (free/not free)
Gloucester Cathedral Aerial photo of
Places of interest in
Badminton House , residence of the Dukes of Beaufort
Berkeley Castle , an example of a feudal stronghold.
Cheltenham Town Football Club
Dean Forest Railway
Edward Jenner 's House
* Rodborough and
Sudeley Castle , burial place of Queen
Catherine Parr , 6th wife
and consort of King Henry VIII .
Tewkesbury Medieval Festival
* Wildfowl and Wetland Trust, Slimbridge
Westbury Court Garden
Areas of countryside in
Forest of Dean
Scenic Railway Line:
Gloucester to Newport Line
Gloucestershire's daily newspapers are The Citizen , which covers
Stroud and the Forest of Dean, and the Gloucestershire
Echo , which covers Cheltenham,
Tewkesbury and the Cotswolds. The two
daily papers, along with free weeklies The Forester,
Stroud Life, The
Gloucester News and The
Tewkesbury News, are all
Northcliffe Media . The
Stroud News ">
Radio stations in
Gloucestershire include BBC Radio Gloucestershire
Heart Gloucestershire , Sunshine Radio and The Breeze (Cheltenham
"> The south cloister of
Gloucester Cathedral was used for filming
scenes in the Harry Potter films.
There are two well-known accounts of childhood in rural
Gloucestershire in the early 20th century,
Laurie Lee 's Cider With
Winifred Foley 's A Child in the Forest. Part of Mrs.
John Halifax, Gentleman is set in Enderley, a thinly
disguised Amberley , where she lived at the time of writing. Most of
the book is set in Nortonbury, easily recognisable as Tewkesbury.
The county has also been the setting for a number of high-profile
movies and TV series, including
Die Another Day , Harry Potter and BBC
TV series Butterflies . The film
Hot Fuzz was set in Gloucestershire
Simon Pegg , who co-wrote and starred in the film, grew up.
"A Girl\'s Best Friend ", the pilot for the proposed Doctor Who
K-9 and Company , was filmed in Gloucestershire. The
setting is the fictional town of Moreton Harwood.
The fictional town of Leadworth in
Doctor Who is located in
Gloucestershire. It is the home of companions
Amy Pond , Rory
Williams and River Song in their childhoods and young adulthoods.
Brimpsfield was the village, home of Peter and Abby
Grant, in the 1970s Survivors BBC TV series, with a railway connection
A boar of the local
Gloucestershire Old Spot breed.
Gloucestershire Old Spots pig is named for Gloucestershire
and is historically associated with the county. Sheep roam widely in
the Forest of Dean. The
Forest of Dean and the
Wye Valley also have
wild boar .
Gloucester cattle , a rare breed, can still be found in and around
Gloucestershire. They can be recognised by the white stripe that runs
down the centre of their backs to the tip of their tails. The cattle
are famous for producing milk for both Single
Gloucester and Double
* Category:Grade I listed buildings in
Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire - Keepers of the Rolls
* Diocese of
High Sheriff of Gloucestershire
Lord Lieutenant of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of
Gloucestershire County Cricket Club
Gloucestershire Police and Crime Commissioner
List of people from Gloucestershire
List of hills of Gloucestershire
Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
West Country dialects
* ^ "
Gloucestershire 2017/2018". High Sheriffs Association.
Retrieved 9 June 2017.
* ^ "Flood crisis grows as rivers rise". BBC News. 23 July 2007.
Retrieved 15 February 2013.
* ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
* ^ includes hunting and forestry
* ^ includes energy and construction
* ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
Gloucestershire Media Group\'s portfolio – Northcliffe Media
subsidiary which publishes local papers in Gloucestershire
* ^ "
Minchinhampton - Introduction A History of the County of
Gloucester: Volume 11 (pp. 184-190)". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June
2003. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
* ^ \'
Gloucestershire TV and Movie Locations\' at Gloucestershire
* ^ "
Doctor Who Locations Guide: K9 and Company".
Doctorwholocations.net. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
* ^ "K-9 and Company".
Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 29
* ^ Moffat, Steven (3 April 2010). "The Eleventh Hour ". Doctor Who
. Series 5. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One.
* ^ Moffat, Steven (3 April 2010). "The Eleventh Hour ". Doctor Who
. Series 5. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One.
Moffat, Steven (26 June 2010). "The Big Bang ".
Doctor Who . Series
5. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One.
Moffat, Steven (27 August 2011). "Let\'s Kill Hitler ".
Doctor Who .
Series 6. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. * ^ "
Gloucestershire Old Spots".
Rbst.org.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
* ^ "Campsites in the Forest of Dean". Camping in the forest.
Retrieved 23 February 2014.
* ^ Vidal, John (5 April 2013). "Hundreds of wild boars face cull
in Forest of Dean". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
* ^ "Gloucester" (PDF). Rare Breeds Survival Trust. 2011. Retrieved
23 February 2014.
* ^ "
Gloucester Cattle Society". gloucestercattle.org.uk.
Rudder, Samuel . (1779) A New History of Gloucestershire. Reprint:
Nonsuch Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-84588-023-4 (Free download of
original here: A New History of Gloucestershire)