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The Info List - Gloucester Road Tube Station



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GLOUCESTER ROAD is a London Underground
London Underground
station in Kensington
Kensington
, west London. The station entrance is located close to the junction of Gloucester Road and Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
. Close by are the Cromwell Hospital and Baden-Powell House .

The station is served by the District , Circle and Piccadilly lines. On the District and Piccadilly lines, the station is between South Kensington
Kensington
and Earl\'s Court , and on the Circle line, it is between South Kensington
Kensington
and High Street Kensington
Kensington
. It is in London fare zone 1 .

The station is in two parts: sub-surface platforms, opened in 1868 by the Metropolitan Railway as part of the company's extension of the Inner Circle route from Paddington to South Kensington
Kensington
and to Westminster ; and deep-level platforms opened in 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway . A variety of underground and main line services have operated over the sub-surface tracks. The deep-level platforms have remained largely unaltered with no lift access. A disused sub-surface platform features periodic art installations as part of Transport for London
Transport for London
's Art on the Underground scheme.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Sub-surface station * 1.2 Deep-level station

* 2 Services * 3 Connections

* 4 Notes and references

* 4.1 Notes * 4.2 References * 4.3 Bibliography

* 5 External links

HISTORY

SUB-SURFACE STATION

Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map showing the newly constructed Gloucester Road station, 1869 Original and current layout of sub-surface platforms

The station was opened as Brompton (Gloucester Road) on 1 October 1868 by the Metropolitan Railway (MR, later the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
) when it opened an extension from Paddington (Praed Street) (now Paddington). The station acted as the temporary terminus of the railway until 24 December 1868 when the MR opened tracks to South Kensington
Kensington
to connect to the first section of the District Railway (DR, later the District line) which opened on the same day from South Kensington
Kensington
to Westminster . The station was provided with four platforms sheltered by an elliptical glazed iron roof. A two-storey station building in cream-coloured brick with arched windows and an ornamental balustrade at roof level was built at the eastern end. Initially, the MR operated all services over both companies' tracks.

Residential development had been gradually spreading westward from Belgravia
Belgravia
since the 1840s, but the area around the station site was mainly in horticultural use as market gardens when the new line was constructed. The planning of the line encouraged the local land owners, including Lord Kensington
Kensington
, to extend Cromwell Road
Cromwell Road
westwards and the opening of Gloucester Road station, stimulated rapid residential development in the surrounding area.

On 12 April 1869, the DR opened a south-westward extension from Gloucester Road to West Brompton where it opened an interchange station with the West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR, now the West London Line ). At the opening there was no intermediate station – Earl's Court station did not open until 1871 – and the service operated as a shuttle between the two stations. On 1 August 1870, the DR opened additional tracks between Gloucester Road and South Kensington
Kensington
and the West Brompton shuttle became a through service.

On 3 July 1871, the DR opened its own tracks between Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington. These tracks, the Cromwell Curve , were opened without Parliamentary authority in an unsuccessful attempt by the DR to improve its share of the revenues between High Street Kensington
Kensington
and South Kensington
Kensington
stations which were divided on the basis of mileage of track owned by the two companies.

On 1 February 1872, the DR opened a northbound branch from its station at Earl\'s Court to connect to the West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR, now the West London Line ) at Addison Road (now Kensington
Kensington
(Olympia)). From that date the Outer Circle service began running over the DR's tracks. The service was run by the North London Railway (NLR) from its terminus at Broad Street (now demolished) in the City of London
City of London
via the North London Line to Willesden Junction , then the West London Line to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House – at that time the eastern terminus of the DR.

From 1 August 1872, the Middle Circle service also began operations through Gloucester Road, running from Moorgate along the MR's tracks on the north side of the Inner Circle to Paddington , then over the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) track to Latimer Road , then, via a now demolished link, on the WLEJR to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House. The service was operated jointly by the Hmax-width:388px"> Eastbound view of the Circle and District line platform, before deck was constructed Modern eastbound view of Circle and District line platforms

DEEP-LEVEL STATION

Piccadilly line station building

By the beginning of the 20th century, the DR had been extended to Richmond , Ealing Broadway , Hounslow West and Wimbledon in the west and to New Cross Gate in the east. The southern section of the Inner Circle was suffering considerable congestion between South Kensington and Mansion House, between which stations the DR was running an average of 20 trains per hour with more in the peak periods.

To relieve the congestion, the DR planned an express deep-level tube line starting from a connection to its sub-surface tracks west of Gloucester Road and running to Mansion House. The tunnels were planned to run about 60 to 70 feet (18–21 m) beneath the existing sub-surface route with only one intermediate stop at Charing Cross (now Embankment). Parliamentary approval was obtained in 1897 but no work was done. In 1898, the DR took over the Brompton and Piccadilly Circus Railway (B&PCR) which had a route planned from South Kensington to Piccadilly Circus
Piccadilly Circus
. The route was modified to join the DR deep-level route at South Kensington.

Following the purchase of the DR by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London in 1902, the planned DR and B&PCR lines were merged with a third proposed route from the Great Northern and Strand Railway . The DR deep-level route was revised at its western end to continue to Earl's Court and surface to the east of Barons Court . The deep-level platforms were opened on 15 December 1906 by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly line) which ran between Finsbury Park and Hammersmith . A new surface building for the lifts was designed by Leslie Green with the GNP they are supplemented by Circle line trains every 8–12 minutes from approximately 05:20 to 00:30 clockwise and 05:15 to 00:15 anticlockwise. Piccadilly line trains operate every 2–6 minutes from approximately 05:40 to 00:25 eastbound and 05:55 to 00:40 westbound.

On the Piccadilly line 1973 Stock is used. On the Circle line S Stock is used and on the District line S Stock , which is being introduced to replace the D78 Stock by 2016.

CONNECTIONS

London Buses routes 49 and 74 and night routes N74 and N97 serve the station.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ Although the Cromwell Curve was not often used, the dispute between the DR and MR continued until 1903.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground
London Underground
station passenger usage data. Transport for London . March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. * ^ A B C D Rose 1999 . * ^ Horne 2006 , p. 8. * ^ Hobhouse 1986 , pp. 395–413. * ^ Horne 2006 , p. 9. * ^ Horne 2006 , p. 11. * ^ A B Horne 2006 , p. 14. * ^ A B Horne 2006 , p. 15. * ^ Horne 2006 , p. 30. * ^ Horne 2006 , p. 44. * ^ A B Horne 2006 , p. 95. * ^ Wolmar 2005 , p. 108. * ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005 , pp. 70–71. * ^ "No. 26881". The London Gazette . 10 August 1897. pp. 4481–4483. * ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005 , p. 85. * ^ Badsey-Ellis 2005 , p. 215. * ^ Wolmar 2005 , p. 175. * ^ " London Underground
London Underground
Projects". Craven Dunnill Jackfield. March 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2010. * ^ "18,000 Interviewed In Murder Hunt". The Times
The Times
(53924). 20 August 1957. p. 4. Retrieved 29 April 2010. * ^ "Standard tube map" (PDF). Transport for London
Transport for London
. Retrieved 29 April 2010. * ^ "Timetables". Transport for London
Transport for London
. Retrieved 2 April 2010. * ^ "First and last Tube". Transport for London
Transport for London
. Retrieved 2 April 2010. * ^ "S Stock trains take to Circle line". Global Rail New. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013. * ^ "District pips Circle to the post". Modern Railways. 70 (781): 12. October 2013. * ^ Waboso, David (December 2010). "Transforming the tube". Modern Railways. London. pp. 42–45. * ^ "Central London bus map" (PDF). Transport for London
Transport for London
. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ "Central London night bus map" (PDF). Transport for London
Transport for London
. Retrieved 24 April 2010.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Badsey-Ellis, Antony (2005). London's Lost Tube Schemes. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-293-3 . * Hobhouse (ed.), Hermione (1986). "CHAPTER XXIV - Southern Kensington
Kensington
in Retrospect". Survey of London: volume 42: Kensington Square to Earl\'s Court.