Global Footprint Network
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Global Footprint Network, founded in 2003, is an independent
think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research centre, or research center is an establishment founded for doing research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to inc ...
originally based in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
,
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe. The region's countries and territories vary depending on cont ...

Belgium
and
Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe ...

Switzerland
. It was established as a charitable
not-for-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that o ...
in each of those three countries. Global Footprint Network develops and promotes tools for advancing sustainability, including the
ecological footprint The ecological footprint is a method promoted by the Global Footprint Network Global Footprint Network, founded in 2003, is an independent think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research ce ...
and
biocapacity The biocapacity or biological capacity of an ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through ...
, which measure the amount of resources we use and how much we have. These tools aim at bringing ecological limits to the center of decision-making.


Work

Global Footprint Network's goal is to create a future where all humans can live well, within the means of one planet
Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% is Water distribution on Earth, covered wi ...

Earth
. The organization is headquartered in
Oakland Oakland is the largest city and the county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a ...
,
California California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...

California
. The Network brings together over 70 partner organizations, including WWF International,
ICLEI ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability (or simply ICLEI) is an international non-governmental organization An international non-governmental organization (INGO) is an organization which is independent of government involvement and extends ...
, Bank Sarasin, The Pictet Group, the
New Economics Foundation The New Economics Foundation (NEF) is a Great Britain, British think-tank that promotes "social, economic and environmental justice". NEF was founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) with the aim of working for a "new m ...
, Pronatura México, and the
Environment Agency Abu Dhabi The Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi (EAD) is a governmental agency established in 1996 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) tasked with environmental protection Environmental protection is the practice of protecting the natural environment ...
.


National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts

Every year, Global Footprint Network produced a new edition of its National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts, which calculate Ecological Footprint and
biocapacity The biocapacity or biological capacity of an ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through ...
of more than 200 countries and territories from 1961 to the present. Based on up to 15,000 data points per country per year, these data have been used to influence policy in more than a dozen countries, including Ecuador, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Russia, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates. Since 2019, the National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts are produced in collaboration between Global Footprint Network,
York University York University (french: Université York), also known as YorkU or simply YU, is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization ...
, and Footprint Data Foundation. The 2021 Edition of the National Footprint Accounts cover 1961-2017 (latest UN data available), and incorporate data from the
Food and Agriculture Organization The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture; it, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura is a specialized agency ...
, the
UN
UN
Comtrade database, the
International Energy Agency The International Energy Agency (IEA; french: Agence internationale de l'énergie) is a Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estima ...
, and over 20 other sources.


Ecological Footprint Explorer

In April 2017, Global Footprint Network launched the Ecological Footprint Explorer, an
open data Open Data is the idea that some data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control. The goals of the open-source data movement are similar ...

open data
platform for the National Footprint Accounts. The website provides
ecological footprint The ecological footprint is a method promoted by the Global Footprint Network Global Footprint Network, founded in 2003, is an independent think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research ce ...
results for over 200 countries and territories, and encourages researchers, analysts, and decision-makers to visualize and download data.


Earth Overshoot Day

Previously known as Ecological Debt Day,
Earth Overshoot Day Earth Overshoot Day (EOD) is the calculated illustrative calendar date on which humanity's resource consumption Resource consumption is about the consumption (economics), consumption of non-renewable resource, non-renewable, or less often, renewab ...
is the day when humanity has exhausted nature's budget for the year. For the rest of the year, society operates in ecological overshoot by drawing down local resource stocks and accumulating carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The first Earth Overshoot Day was December 19, 1987. In 2014, Earth Overshoot Day was August 19. The Earth Overshoot Day in 2015 was on August 13 and on August 8 in 2016. In 2017, Earth Overshoot Day landed on August 2, and in 2020 on August 22.


Founding

In 2003,
Mathis Wackernagel Mathis Wackernagel is a Switzerland, Swiss-born sustainability advocate. He is President of Global Footprint Network, an international sustainability think tank with offices in Oakland, California; Brussels, Belgium, and Geneva, Switzerland. The ...
,
PhD A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known a ...
, and Susan Burns founded Global Footprint Network, an international think-tank headquartered in Oakland, California, with offices in Geneva and Brussels. Wackernagel received an honorary doctorate in December 2007 from the
University of Bern The University of Bern (german: Universität Bern, french: Université de Berne, la, Universitas Bernensis) is a university in the Switzerland, Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834. It is regulated and financed by the Canton of Bern. It ...
in
Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federal semi-direct democracy under an assembly-independent Directorial system, directorial republic , leader_title1 = Fe ...

Switzerland
.


Leadership

* Co-Founder & President: Dr.
Mathis Wackernagel Mathis Wackernagel is a Switzerland, Swiss-born sustainability advocate. He is President of Global Footprint Network, an international sustainability think tank with offices in Oakland, California; Brussels, Belgium, and Geneva, Switzerland. The ...
* Co-Founder: Susan Burns * Chief Executive Officer: Laurel Hanscom * Chief Science Officer: Dr. David Lin * Director, Marketing & Communications: Amanda Diep * Director, Mediterranean and MENA Regions: Dr. Alessandro Galli * Board Chair: Keith Tuffley * Honorary Chair: Swiss entrepreneur and investor André Hoffmann


Awards/Honours

* World Sustainability Award 2018 * International Association for Impact Assessment's Global Environment Award 2015 * RECYCLAPOLIS National Sustainability Award 2015 * ISSP Sustainability Hall of Fame Inductees Susan Burns and Mathis Wackernagel 2014 * Prix Nature Swisscanto 2013 * Global Footprint Network was recognized as one of the top 100 NGOs worldwide by the Global Journal in 2012 and 2013. * Blue Planet Prize 2012 * Boulding Award 2012 * Binding Prize 2012 Willkommen bei der Binding Stiftung ...


See also

*
Ecological footprint The ecological footprint is a method promoted by the Global Footprint Network Global Footprint Network, founded in 2003, is an independent think tank A think tank, or policy institute, is a research institute A research institute, research ce ...
*
Carrying capacity The carrying capacity of an Natural environment, environment is the maximum population size of a biological species that can be sustained by that specific environment, given the food, habitat, Drinking water, water, and other resources available. T ...
*
Demography Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period ...

Demography
*
Human overpopulation Human overpopulation (or human population overshoot) is the concept of a human population becoming too large to be sustainability, sustained by its environment or resources in the long term. The idea is usually discussed in the context of world ...
*
New Economics Foundation The New Economics Foundation (NEF) is a Great Britain, British think-tank that promotes "social, economic and environmental justice". NEF was founded in 1986 by the leaders of The Other Economic Summit (TOES) with the aim of working for a "new m ...
*
Sustainable development Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services Social forestry in India, Social ...

Sustainable development


References and further reading


External links

* * * {{authority control International research institutes Sustainability organizations International sustainability organizations Organizations established in 2003 Organizations promoting population moderation Environmental organizations based in the United States Population organizations