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Glenda Veronica "Glenn" Close (born March 19, 1947)[1] is an American actress, singer and film producer. She began her professional stage career in 1974 in Love for Love, and was mostly a New York stage actress through the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s, appearing in both plays and musicals, including the Broadway productions of Barnum in 1980 and The Real Thing in 1983, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play. Her film debut was in The World According to Garp (1982), which she followed up with supporting roles in The Big Chill (1983) and The Natural (1984); all three earned her nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She would later receive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress
Academy Award for Best Actress
for her performances in Fatal Attraction (1987), Dangerous Liaisons
Dangerous Liaisons
(1988) and Albert Nobbs
Albert Nobbs
(2011). She won two more Tony Awards in the 1990s, for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995, while she won her first Emmy
Emmy
Award for the 1995 TV film Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer Story. She starred as Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
in the 2003 TV film The Lion in Winter, winning a Golden Globe Award. In 2005 she starred in the drama series The Shield. Then, from 2007 to 2012, she starred as Patty Hewes in the FX drama series Damages, a role that won her a Golden Globe and two Emmys. She has voiced the character of Mona Simpson in the animated sitcom The Simpsons
The Simpsons
since 1995. She returned to Broadway in November 2014, in a revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance.[2] Her other films include Jagged Edge (1985), Hamlet (1990), Reversal of Fortune (1990), 101 Dalmatians (1996), Paradise Road (1997), Air Force One (1997), Cookie's Fortune
Cookie's Fortune
(1999), Heights (2005), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) and The Girl With All The Gifts (2016). Close is a six-time Academy Award
Academy Award
nominee, tying the record for being the actress with the most nominations never to have won (along with Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
and Thelma Ritter). As of 2017, Close has more Oscar nominations without a win than any other living actor.[3] In addition, she has been nominated for four Tonys (three wins), fourteen Emmys (three wins), thirteen Golden Globes (two wins), two Drama Desk Awards (one win) and eight Screen Actors Guild Awards
Screen Actors Guild Awards
(one win). She has also won an Obie award
Obie award
and has been nominated for three Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
and a BAFTA. Close has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
and has been inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.

Contents

1 Early life and family 2 Film

2.1 Professional debut (1974–79) 2.2 Breakthrough in Hollywood (1982–89) 2.3 Established actress (1990–99) 2.4 Independent films and break (2000–07) 2.5 Return to film (2011–present) 2.6 Upcoming projects

3 Television 4 Theatre 5 Reception, acting style and legacy 6 Personal life

6.1 Relationships and family 6.2 Business ventures and assets 6.3 Interests and beliefs

7 Activism

7.1 Charitable work 7.2 Mental health initiatives

8 Awards and nominations 9 Filmography

9.1 Film 9.2 Television 9.3 Documentaries

10 Stage 11 References 12 External links

Early life and family[edit] Close was born on March 19, 1947 in Greenwich, Connecticut, to William Taliaferro Close,[4] a doctor who operated a clinic in the Belgian Congo and served as a personal physician to Zaire's ruler Mobutu Sese Seko,[5] and socialite Bettine Moore Close. She has two sisters, Tina and Jessie, and two brothers, Alexander (nicknamed Sandy) and Tambu Misoki, whom Close's parents adopted while living in Africa.[6] During her childhood, Close lived with her parents in a stone cottage on her maternal grandfather's estate in Greenwich. Close has credited her acting abilities to her early years: "I have no doubt that the days I spent running free in the evocative Connecticut countryside with an unfettered imagination, playing whatever character our games demanded, is one of the reasons that acting has always seemed so natural to me."[7] Although Close has an affluent background, she has stated that her family chose not to participate in WASP society. She would also avoid mentioning her birthplace whenever asked because she did not want people to think she was a "dilettante who didn't have to work."[8] When she was seven years old, her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament (MRA), in which her family remained involved for fifteen years, living in communal centers. Close described MRA as a "cult" that dictated every aspect of her life, from the clothes that had to be worn to what she was allowed to say. In an interview Close stated that her desire to become an actress allowed her to break away from MRA, stating: "I have long forgiven my parents for any of this. They had their reasons for doing what they did, and I understand them. It had terrible effects on their kids, but that’s the way it is. We all try to survive, right? And I think what actually saved me more than anything was my desire to be an actress."[9] She spent time in Switzerland when studying at St. George's School in Switzerland. Close traveled for several years in the mid-to-late 1960s with an MRA singing group called Up With People, and attended Rosemary Hall (now Choate Rosemary Hall), graduating in 1965.[10] During her time in Up With People, Close organized a small singing group, the Green Glenn Singers, consisting of herself, Kathe Green, Jennie Dorn, and Vee Entwistle. The group's stated mission was "to write and sing songs which would give people a purpose and inspire them to live the way they were meant to live."[11] When she was 22, Close broke away from MRA,[12] attending the College of William & Mary, and double majoring in theatre and anthropology. It was in the College's theatre department that she began to train as a serious actor, under Howard Scammon, W&M's long-time professor of theatre. During her years at school in Williamsburg, she also starred in the summer-time outdoor drama, "The Common Glory," written by Pulitzer Prize author Paul Green.[13] She was elected to membership in the honor society of Phi Beta Kappa.[14] Through the years, Close has returned to W&M to lecture and visit the theatre department. In 1989, Close was the commencement speaker at W&M and received an honorary doctor of arts degree. Film[edit] Professional debut (1974–79)[edit] Close started her professional stage career in 1974 at the age of 27 and her film work in 1982 at 35.[14] During her senior year of college, Close became inspired to pursue a career in acting after watching an interview of Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
on The Dick Cavett Show.[15] The following day she called her school's theater department to be nominated for a series of auditions through the University Resident Theatre Association and TCG.[14] Eventually she was given a callback and hired for one season to do three plays at the Helen Hayes Theatre, one of those plays being Love for Love directed by Hal Prince.[16] She continued to appear in many Broadway and Off-Broadways in the 1970s and early 1980s. Close made her television debut in 1975; it was a small role in the anthology series Great Performances. In 1979, she filmed the television movie Orphan Train and Too Far to Go. The latter film, included Blythe Danner
Blythe Danner
and Michael Moriarty in the cast, Close played Moriarty's lover. In 1980, director George Roy Hill discovered Close on Broadway and asked her to audition with Robin Williams for a role in The World According to Garp, which would become her first film role.[17] Breakthrough in Hollywood (1982–89)[edit] The 1980s proved to be Close's most successful decade in Hollywood. She made her debut film performance in The World According to Garp which earned Close her first Oscar nomination. She played Robin Williams' mother, despite being just four years older. The following year she played Sarah Cooper in The Big Chill, a character that director Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
said he specifically wrote for her. The movie received positive reviews and was a financial success. Close became the third actor to receive a Tony, Emmy, and Oscar (Academy Award) nomination all in the same calendar year after the release of The Big Chill. In 1984 Close was given a part in Robert Redford's baseball drama The Natural, although it was a small supporting role she earned a third consecutive Oscar nomination. Close, to this day, credits her nomination to cinematographer Caleb Deschanel, stating ''That hat was designed so the sunlight would come through. We waited for a certain time of day, so the sun was shining through the back of the stadium. And he had a lens that muted the people around me. It was an incredibly well thought-out shot. And I honestly think that's the reason I got nominated.''[18] Close also starred opposite Robert Duvall in the drama The Stone Boy (1984), a film about a family coping after their youngest child accidentally kills his older brother in a hunting accident. Eventually, Close began to seek different roles to play because she did not want to be typecast as a motherly figure.[19] She starred in the 1985 romantic comedy Maxie, alongside Mandy Patinkin. Close was given favorable reviews and even received her second Golden Globe Award nomination, but the movie was critically panned and under-performed at the box office.[20][21] In 1985 Close starred in the legal thriller Jagged Edge, opposite Jeff Bridges. Initially, Jane Fonda was attached to the role, but was replaced with Close when she requested changes in the script. Producer Martin Ransohoff was against the casting of Close because he said she was "too ugly" for the part. Close eventually heard about this and said she didn't want Ransohoff on set while she was making her scenes. Director Richard Marquand stood by her side and sent Ransohoff away. Infuriated, Ransohoff went to the studio heads trying to get Close and Marquand fired from the picture. The studio refused, stating they were pleased with their work in the film.[22] Jagged Edge received favorable to positive reviews and grossed $40-million on a $15-million budget.[23] In 1987 Close played the disturbed book editor Alex Forrest in Fatal Attraction; this was the role that propelled her into stardom. The movie became a huge box-office success, the highest-grossing film worldwide of that year. The character of Alex Forrest has been considered one of Close's most iconic roles; the phrase "bunny boiler" has even been added to the dictionary, referencing a scene from the movie. During the re-shoot of the ending, Close suffered a concussion from one of the takes when her head smashed against a mirror. After being rushed to the hospital, she discovered, much to her horror, that she was actually a few weeks pregnant with her daughter. Close stated in an interview that, " Fatal Attraction
Fatal Attraction
was really the first part that took me away from the Jenny Fields, Sarah Coopers—good, nurturing women roles. I did more preparation for that film than I've ever done."[19] Close received her fourth Oscar nomination for this role[24] and also won the People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Actress.[citation needed] She played a scheming aristocrat, the Marquise de Merteuil, in 1988's Dangerous Liaisons.[14] Close earned stellar reviews for this performance, and was nominated for an Oscar for Best Actress.[25] In addition, she received her first BAFTA
BAFTA
nomination but did not win. Close's final film role of the decade was Immediate Family (1989), a drama about a married couple seeking to adopt a child. Producer Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
had Close star in the film, as he directed her previously in The Big Chill. Established actress (1990–99)[edit] In 1990 Close went on to play the role of Sunny von Bülow
Sunny von Bülow
opposite Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
in Reversal of Fortune
Reversal of Fortune
to critical acclaim. The film drew some controversy since it dealt with the Claus von Bülow
Claus von Bülow
murder trial, while the real Sunny von Bülow
Sunny von Bülow
was still in a vegetative state. Sunny's children also publicly criticized the movie.[26][27] In the same year, Close played Gertrude in Franco Zeffirelli's film adaption of Hamlet. It was the first Shakespeare role that Close had ever attempted on screen (she appeared in 1975 in a stage production of "King Lear", in Milwaukee). Close would later go on to join the cast of The House of the Spirits, reuniting her with Jeremy Irons. She also had a cameo appearance in Steven Spielberg's Hook (1991) as a pirate. In 1992, Close starred in Meeting Venus
Meeting Venus
for which she received critical acclaim and won Best Actress (Golden Ciak) at the Venice Film Festival. In the same year, Close became a trustee emeritus of The Sundance Institute.[28] Close appeared in the newsroom comedy-drama The Paper (1994), directed by her good friend Ron Howard. She would go on to appear in the alien invasion satire Mars Attacks!
Mars Attacks!
(1996) as The First Lady and as the sinister Cruella de Vil
Cruella de Vil
in the Disney hit 101 Dalmatians. Close's portrayal of Cruella de Vil
Cruella de Vil
was universally praised and earned her a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a comedy. The film was also a commercial success, grossing $320.6 million in theaters against a $75 million budget. The following year, Close appeared in another box office hit with Air Force One (1997), playing the trustworthy vice president to Harrison Ford's president. Close would later star in the war film Paradise Road (1997) as a choir conductor of the women imprisoned by the Japanese in World War II. In 1999, Close provided the voice of Kala in Disney's animated film Tarzan. She later went on to receive great reviews for her comedic role as Camille Dixon in Cookie's Fortune
Cookie's Fortune
(1999).[29] Independent films and break (2000–07)[edit] Close began to appear in television movies rather than doing theatrical films in the early 2000s. She returned as Cruella de Vil
Cruella de Vil
in 102 Dalmatians
102 Dalmatians
(2000), although the film received mixed reviews, it performed well at the box office. Close later filmed The Safety of Objects which premiered in 2001, a movie about four suburban families dealing with maladies. This was Kristen Stewart's first film role, Close and Stewart would later reunite in the 2015 film Anesthesia. Close starred in Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her
Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her
in the same year, this would be one of many future collaborations with director Rodrigo Garcia. In 2004, she played Claire Wellington, an uptight socialite in the comedy The Stepford Wives opposite Nicole Kidman and Christopher Walken. She provided the voice of the Blue Fairy in the English version of Pinocchio (2002) and Granny in the animated film Hoodwinked (2005). Close continued to do smaller films like Le Divorce
Le Divorce
(2003) and The Chumscrubber
The Chumscrubber
(2005). In 2005, she reunited with director Rodrigo Garcia to do Nine Lives; he would later direct Close in the film Albert Nobbs
Albert Nobbs
(2011). In the same year, she starred in the film Heights (2005), an independent drama centered on the lives of five New Yorkers. Close's performance was lauded by critics.[30][31] In 2007, Close joined friend and previous co-star Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
in the ensemble drama Evening. This would be Close's final theatrical film role of the decade, since she began to star in her own television series, Damages (2007). Close was asked about her contributions to independent films, to which she responded "I love the casts that gather around a good piece of writing certainly not for the money but because it is good and challenging. Sometimes I've taken a role for one scene that I thought was phenomenal. Also my presence can help them get money, so it's I think a way for me to give back."[32] Return to film (2011–present)[edit]

Close in 2010

In December 2010, Close began filming Albert Nobbs
Albert Nobbs
in Dublin. She had previously won an Obie in 1982 for her role in the play on stage. She had been working on the film, in which she appeared alongside 101 Dalmatians co-star Mark Williams, for almost 20 years, and aside from starring in it, she co-wrote the screenplay, and produced the film.[33][34] Close expressed that it became more important for her to make this film to stimulate conversations about transgender issues, "There came a point where I asked, 'Am I willing to live the rest of my life having given up on this?' And I said, 'No I won't.' Some people will change their point of view, and those who are either too old, or too blinkered, to accept the beauty of difference will just have to 'die off'."[35] In the film, Close played the title role of Albert Nobbs, a woman living her life as a man in 1800s Ireland after being sexually assaulted as a young girl. While the film itself received mixed reviews, Close and Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
received rave reviews for their performances. Close's performance was noted for being her most subtle and introverted performance yet and a departure from her other roles. She received Academy Award, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, and multiple critics nominations for her performance. Close was asked about the fact of not having an Oscar during the film's awards campaign, for which she answered: "And I remember being astounded that I met some people who were really kind of almost hyper-ventilating as to whether they were going to win or not, and I have never understood that. Because if you just do the simple math, the amount of people who are in our two unions, the amount of people who in our profession are out of work at any given time, the amount of movies that are made every year, and then you're one of five. How could you possibly think of yourself as a loser?"[36] Along with Viola Davis
Viola Davis
and Uma Thurman, Close was featured in the 2012 documentary Love, Marilyn, reading excerpts from Marilyn Monroe's diaries. Critic Stephen Farber has described the film as "One of the most skillful and entertaining summaries of Marilyn's endlessly fascinating rise and fall."[37] After her television series Damages ended, Close returned to film in 2014, in which she played Nova Prime Rael in the science fiction film Guardians of the Galaxy.[38][39] Close also appeared in the independent movie 5 to 7
5 to 7
(2014) and Low Down (2014). In 2016, she appeared in The Great Gilly Hopkins and Warcraft. She also starred in the British zombie horror drama The Girl with All the Gifts (2016) as Dr. Caldwell, a scientist researching a cure to save humanity. In 2017, Close appeared alongside Noomi Rapace
Noomi Rapace
and Willem Dafoe
Willem Dafoe
in What Happened to Monday a Netflix
Netflix
original movie which premiered in August.[40] Also that year, she was reunited with actors John Malkovich (her co-star in Dangerous Liaisons) and Patrick Stewart (co-star in The Lion in Winter) in the romantic comedy The Wilde Wedding, and co-starred in Crooked House, a film adaptation of the novel by Agatha Christie. She also played Owen Wilson
Owen Wilson
and Ed Helms' characters' mother in the comedy Father Figures, which opened in December 2017.[41] That same year, Close starred in an adaptation of novelist Meg Wolitzer's The Wife,[42] which premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival.[43] Upcoming projects[edit] Close will star in Duchess, playing Anna Anderson, who claimed to be the Grand Russian Duchess Anastasia.[44] It was announced in 2017, that Paramount wanted Close to play Norma Desmond
Norma Desmond
in a remake of Sunset Boulevard, however the film is still in early development.[45] Television[edit] Close began to do television movies in the early 1980s beginning with The Elephant Man and in 1984, starred in the critically acclaimed drama Something About Amelia, a Golden Globe-winning television movie about a family destroyed by sexual abuse of the incest type. (Ted Danson appeared as the abusing husband-father; Roxana Zal acted out the role of Amelia, the daughter-victim of Danson's character, which role first brought Zal to prominence.) She starred alongside Keith Carradine in Stones for Ibarra (1988), a television film adaption from the book written by Harriet Doerr
Harriet Doerr
and produced by the Hallmark company.

"I think this character did a lot for women on television because she was unapologetic. She was brilliant and good at what she did. Some people would say 'she's evil' or 'she's a bitch,' but they've always said that about women who were powerful." —Close discussing her character Patty Hewes

[17]

In the 1990s she starred in the highly rated Hallmark Hall of Fame television movie Sarah, Plain and Tall
Sarah, Plain and Tall
(1991), as well as its two sequels. She also impersonated the title subject of the fact-based made-for-TV movie Serving in Silence: The Margarethe Cammermeyer
Margarethe Cammermeyer
Story in 1995, for which she won her first Emmy. Close has also provided the voice of Mona Simpson, from The Simpsons, since 1995.[46] Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
named Close one of the 16 best Simpsons guest stars.[47] In 2001 she starred in a production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's classic musical South Pacific as Nellie Forbush on ABC. Close guest-starred on Will and Grace in 2002, portraying a satirical version of Annie Leibovitz, earning her an Emmy
Emmy
nomination for Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. In 2003 she played Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
in the Showtime produced film The Lion in Winter. Close won a Golden Globe and Screen Actor's Guild award for her performance. In 2005 Close joined the FX crime series The Shield, in which she played Monica Rawling, a no-nonsense precinct captain, this became her first TV role in a series. Close stated that she made the right move because television was in a "golden era" and the quality of some programs had already risen to the standards of film.[48] John Landgraf, CEO of FX, stated that network was the "first to bring a female movie star of Glenn Close’s stature to television." He also credits her collaboration with the network with promoting roles for women on television, as well as influencing other film actors to switch to the small screen.[49][50] Close was later approached by FX executives who pitched a television series for her to star in, that would only be filmed in New York City. In 2007, Close played the ruthless and brilliant lawyer Patty Hewes
Patty Hewes
on Damages for five seasons. Her portrayal of this character was met with rave reviews and a plethora of award nominations, in addition she went on to win two consecutive Emmy
Emmy
Awards for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama series.[51] Throughout the show's run, she became one of the highest paid actresses on cable, earning $200,000 per episode.[52] Close stated that her role of Patty Hewes
Patty Hewes
in the series was the role of her life. Close also kept in contact with her co-star Rose Byrne, and the two have become great friends. After the series ended, Close stated that she would not return to television in a regular role, but that she was open to do a miniseries or a guest spot.[53] In 2017, Close starred in a half hour comedy pilot for Amazon, titled Sea Oak. The pilot premiered online with viewers voting to choose if it wanted Amazon to produce the series. Although it received favorable reviews it was not picked up.[54] Close has also hosted Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in 1989 and in 1992.[55][56] Theatre[edit]

Close and Jim Dale performing Busker Alley

Close has had an extensive career performing in Broadway musicals. She began performing in 1974, and received her first Tony Award
Tony Award
nomination in 1980 for Barnum. One of her most notable roles on stage was Norma Desmond in the Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
production of Sunset Boulevard, for which Close won a Tony Award, playing the role on Broadway in 1993-94.[14] For her role, Close was met with critical acclaim. David Richards of The New York Times
The New York Times
wrote in 1994 that "Glenn is giving one of those legendary performances people will be talking about years from now. The actress takes breathtaking risks, venturing so far out on a limb at times that you fear it will snap. It doesn't."[57] Close was also a guest star at the Andrew Lloyd Webber
Andrew Lloyd Webber
fiftieth birthday party celebration in the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in 1998. She would later re-team with the show's director, Trevor Nunn, in London
London
for his Royal National Theatre
Royal National Theatre
revival of A Streetcar Named Desire
A Streetcar Named Desire
in 2002.[58] Close won a Tony Award
Tony Award
in 1984 for The Real Thing, directed by Mike Nichols. In 1992 she won another Tony Award
Tony Award
for Death and the Maiden.[14] In 2008, Close performed at Carnegie Hall, narrating the violin concerto The Runaway Bunny, a concerto for reader, violin and orchestra, composed and conducted by Glen Roven. She provided the voice of the "Giant" in the Summer 2012 production of the musical Into the Woods at the Delacorte Theater
Delacorte Theater
in Central Park. The production also featured Amy Adams
Amy Adams
as The Baker's Wife and Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
as The Witch.[59] In 2014 she starred in a production of the Pirates of Penzance for the Public Theater in New York, playing the role of Ruth. This production featured Kevin Kline, Martin Short
Martin Short
and Anika Noni Rose.

Close as Norma Desmond
Norma Desmond
in the musical Sunset Boulevard.

In October 2014, Close returned to Broadway in the starring role of Agnes in Pam MacKinnon's revival of Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance at the Golden Theatre. Her co-stars were John Lithgow
John Lithgow
as Tobias, Martha Plimpton
Martha Plimpton
as Julia and Lindsay Duncan
Lindsay Duncan
as Claire. The production grossed $884,596 over eight preview performances during the week ending Oct. 25, setting a new house record at the Golden Theatre. The production received mixed reviews, although the cast was praised.[2][60] In April 2016 she returned as Norma Desmond
Norma Desmond
in the musical Sunset Boulevard in an English National Opera
English National Opera
production in the West End in London.[61] Close was met with rave reviews after returning to this same role twenty-three years later. Both The Times
The Times
and The Daily Telegraph gave the production five stars and praised her performance.[62] During the production Close was forced to cancel three shows due to a chest infection. She was hospitalized but later recovered and finished the remaining shows.[63] Close won the Evening Standard Theatre Award for Best Musical Performance, and was nominated for her first Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical.[64][65] The ENO London
London
production of Sunset Boulevard transferred to the Palace Theatre on Broadway, with Close reprising her role. It opened on February 9, 2017 in a limited run, selling tickets through June 25, 2017. The production features a 40-piece orchestra, the largest in Broadway history.[66][67][68] Close in particular was lauded by critics for her new incarnation of Norma Desmond. As The New York Times called it "one of the great stage performances of this century."[69] Variety, Parade, The Guardian
The Guardian
and Entertainment Weekly also gave the new production positive reviews.[70][71][72] Close has hosted the 46th and 49th annual Tony Awards. In 2016, Close was inducted into The Theater Hall of Fame for her work on stage.[73] Reception, acting style and legacy[edit]

"I love the chemistry that can be created onstage between the actors and the audience. It's molecular even, the energies that can go back and forth. I started in theater and when I first went into movies I felt that my energy was going to blow out the camera." — Glenn Close on acting

[74]

Close is regarded as an extraordinarily versatile actress with an immersive acting style.[75] In 1995, Close guest starred on Inside the Actors Studio to discuss her film career. James Lipton
James Lipton
described her as an actor who "can find an outstanding number of layers in a role or a single moment; Close is a supple actor who performs subtle feats."[14] Close is also professionally trained by acting coach Harold Guskin, who also taught Kevin Kline, Bridget Fonda
Bridget Fonda
and James Gandolfini. Working with Guskin, Close learned several important lessons, which she said she's applied to her career as well as her life. One such lesson, she claims, was to "read the lines off the page" and remembering to breathe. Close states, "You have to maintain a certain openness, and if you don't maintain that, you lose something vital as an actor. It's how we're wired, and it's not a bad thing."[76] Close says that in order to continue to learn her trade she went to every rehearsal.[77][78] On method acting, she claims that while she found it an interesting technique, it was not her preferred style.[79] Although Close does extensive research and preparation for her roles, she also relies less on the technicality of a performance saying, "Good acting I think is like being a magician, in that you make people believe; because it's only when they believe that they are moved. And I want people to get emotionally involved. I think technique is important but it isn't everything. You can have a great technical actor who'll leave people cold. That's not my idea of great acting. As audience, I don't want to be aware of acting."[80] Longtime collaborator and playwright, Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
describes Close an actress who can very easily convey "a sense of strength and intelligence." Hampton worked on Sunset Boulevard and the stage production of Dangerous Liaisions, Hampton later cast her in the movie version.[81] "Glenn is often described as having a glacial or distant quality about her, but in person she's the absolute opposite: warm and intimate," says the actor Iain Glen, who co-starred with her in the 2002 stage production of A Streetcar Named Desire. "She was able to bring strength to the role, she was able to completely access that vulnerability. There was a real softness to her.[81] However, Close is consistently praised for her roles as the villain or antagonist in her performances.[82][83] Her character in Fatal Attraction was ranked #7 on AFI's 100 years...100 heroes and villains list.[84] Regarding her role in the series Damages, The New York Times remarked "There is no actor dead or alive as scary as a smiling Glenn Close."[85] Journalist Christopher Hooton also praised her saying, "Christopher Walken, Glenn Close, Al Pacino, and many others have a surprising danger in them. They're a little scary to be around, because you feel they might jump you or blow up at you at any time. They are ticking time bombs."[86] Film historian Cari Beauchamp has stated, "When you look at the top 10 actresses of the past 80 years, since sound came in, first you have Bette Davis, Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
and Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
– but I think Glenn Close
Glenn Close
is definitely in that list, it's a combination of her guts, in the roles she chooses, and her perseverance. Frankly, she's taken roles that are more challenging than a lot of other people."[87] On January 12, 2009, Close was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Boulevard, in front of the Roosevelt Hotel.[88] As of 2017, films featuring Close have grossed over $1.3 Billion in North America.[89] She is also a member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[90][91] Close is also considered a gay icon, having played numerous campy roles on screen and stage.[92][93] Personal life[edit] Relationships and family[edit] Close has been married four times, each ending in divorce. Her first marriage ended before going off to university. Close described it as "kind of an arranged marriage."[94] From 1969 to 1971, Close was married to Cabot Wade, a guitarist and songwriter, with whom she had performed during her time at Up with People.[95] She was married to businessman James Marlas from 1984 to 1987.[95] Soon afterwards, she began a relationship with producer John Starke, whom she had previously met on the set of The World According to Garp.[95] Their daughter, Annie Starke, was born in 1988 and is an actress.[96] They separated in 1991.[95] In 1995 Close was engaged to carpenter Steve Beers, who had worked on Sunset Boulevard, but the two never married, and they separated in 1999.[95] In February 2006, Close married executive and venture capitalist David Evans Shaw in Maine.[95][97] The couple divorced in August 2015.[98] Business ventures and assets[edit] Close currently resides in Bedford Hills, New York
Bedford Hills, New York
but still has a condo in the West Village.[99] She also owns properties in Wellington, Florida, and Bozeman, Montana.[100][101] In the early 1990s she owned a coffee shop in Bozeman, but sold it in 2006.[102] In 2011 Close sold her apartment in The Beresford
The Beresford
for $10.2 million.[103] She also runs a 1,000 acre ranch in Wyoming.[104] In 2015 Close had an estimated net worth of $50 million.[105] Close is the President of Trillium Productions Inc.[106][107] Her company has produced films like Albert Nobbs, Sarah Plain and Tall, and South Pacific. She also produced the film Serving in Silence (1995) with Barbra Streisand, for which they were both nominated for an Emmy
Emmy
for Outstanding Television Movie. Close's other production credits include Journey (1995), and the upcoming film Cruella (2018), based on the character which Close played in 101 Dalmatians.[108] In 2007 she co-founded FetchDog, a dog accessories catalog and Internet site. She published blogs where she interviews other celebrities about their relationships with their dogs. She sold the business in 2012.[109][110] Interests and beliefs[edit] Close was born into a Democratic family.[111] In addition, she has donated money to the election campaigns of mostly Democratic politicians, including Hillary Clinton, Howard Dean, John Edwards, Angus King
Angus King
and Barack Obama.[112] She also spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention.[113][114] Close voted for Barack Obama in the 2008 presidential election and attended his inauguration.[115][116] In a 2016 interview with Andrew Marr
Andrew Marr
for the BBC, Close criticized Donald Trump, calling his campaign "terribly frightening."[117] She later reiterated her sentiments about Trump, stating, "he doesn’t stand for anything I believe in."[118] Close keeps all of her costumes after completing films and rents them out to exhibits.[119][120] She is a huge Madonna fan, and lent her the dress she wore in Dangerous Liaisons
Dangerous Liaisons
for Madonna's 1990 VMA performance of Vogue.[121][122] In 2017, she donated her entire costume collection to the Indiana University Bloomington[123] Close is a New York Mets
New York Mets
fan, and has sung the national anthem at Shea Stadium and Citi Field
Citi Field
numerous times since 1986.[124][125] Activism[edit] Charitable work[edit]

Close at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival

Close has campaigned for many issues like gay marriage, women's rights, and mental health. In 1989 she attended pro-choice marches in Washington D.C. with Gloria Steinem
Gloria Steinem
and Jane Fonda.[126] In 1998, Close was a part of a star-studded cast which performed The Vagina Monologues at a benefit. It raised $250,000 in a single evening with proceeds going to the effort to stop violence against women.[127][128] She was honored with a GLAAD
GLAAD
Media Award in 2002 for promoting equal rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.[129] She volunteered and produced a documentary for Puppies Behind Bars, an organization that provides service dogs for wounded war veterans.[130][131] She is also a trustee of The Wildlife Conservation Society[132] and volunteers at Fountain House in New York City, a facility dedicated to the recovery of men and women who suffer with mental illness.[133] Close is a founding member of the Panthera Conservation Advisory Committee. Panthera is an international nonprofit whose sole mission is conservation of the world's 36 species of wild cats.[134] Close has also been a longtime supporter of late friend Christopher Reeve's foundation.[135][136] She is also a member of the CuriosityStream
CuriosityStream
Advisory Board.[137] Mental health initiatives[edit] Close was a founder and is chairperson of BringChange2Mind,[138] a US campaign to eradicate the stigma and discrimination surrounding mental illness, supporting her sister Jessie who has bipolar disorder.[12][139] In 2010, Close announced to the public that she had her DNA sequenced in order to publicize her family's history of mental illness.[140] During the month of July 2013, Close put up over 380 designer items up for auction on eBay from the wardrobe her character Patty Hewes
Patty Hewes
wore on Damages. All proceeds were raised to go to her charity BringChange2Mind. Close had director and friend Ron Howard direct the foundation's first PSA. John Mayer
John Mayer
also lent his song "Say" for the advert.[141] In 2013 Close went to the White House
White House
to urge passage of the Excellence in Mental-Health Act that was written to expand treatment for the mentally ill and to provide access to mental-health services. The bill was signed into law by President Obama in April 2014, and will provide $1.1 billion in funding to help strengthen the mental-health-care system in the US.[142] She was awarded the WebMD
WebMD
Health Hero award in 2015 for her contributions to mental-health initiatives.[143] On June 16, 2016, Close donated $75,000 to the Mental-Health Association of Central Florida in order to fund counselling and other assistance to victims of the Orlando nightclub shooting.[144] She frequently promotes her charitable causes through her Twitter
Twitter
account.[145] Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Glenn Close Filmography[edit] Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1982 The World According to Garp Jenny Fields

1983 The Big Chill Sarah Cooper

1984 The Natural Iris Gaines

1984 The Stone Boy Ruth Hillerman

1984 Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes Jane Porter Voice, uncredited

1985 Jagged Edge Theodosia "Teddy" Barnes

1985 Maxie Jan Cheyney / Maxie Malone

1987 Fatal Attraction Alexandra "Alex" Forrest

1988 Dangerous Liaisons Marquise Isabelle de Merteuil

1988 Light Years Queen Ambisextra Voice

1989 Immediate Family Linda Spector

1990 Reversal of Fortune Martha "Sunny" von Bülow

1990 Hamlet Queen Gertrude

1991 Hook Gutless Cameo

1991 Meeting Venus Karin Anderson

1993 The House of the Spirits Ferula Trueba

1994 The Paper Alicia Clark

1996 Mars Attacks! First Lady Marsha Dale

1996 101 Dalmatians Cruella de Vil Live-action version of the 1961 animated cartoon feature

1996 Mary Reilly Mrs. Farraday

1997 Paradise Road Adrienne Pargiter

1997 Air Force One Vice President Kathryn Bennett

1999 Cookie's Fortune Camille Dixon

1999 Tarzan Kala Voice

2000 102 Dalmatians Cruella de Vil Live-action sequel to 101 Dalmatians (1996)

2000 Things You Can Tell Just by Looking at Her Dr. Elaine Keener

2001 The Safety of Objects Esther Gold

2003 Le Divorce Olivia Pace

2003 Pinocchio The Blue Fairy Voice; English dub

2004 Heights Diana

2004 The Stepford Wives Claire Wellington

2005 Tarzan II Kala Voice, direct-to-DVD

2005 The Chumscrubber Carrie Johnson

2005 Nine Lives Maggie

2006 Hoodwinked! Granny Voice

2007 Evening Mrs. Wittenborn

2011 Hoodwinked Too! Hood vs. Evil Granny Voice

2011 Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs Also writer and producer

2014 Low Down Gram

2014 Guardians of the Galaxy Nova Prime Irani Rael First live action appearance of the character

2015 5 to 7 Arlene

2015 Anesthesia Marcia Zarrow

2015 The Great Gilly Hopkins Nonnie Hopkins

2016 Warcraft Alodi Uncredited

2016 The Girl with All the Gifts Dr. Caroline Caldwell

2017 What Happened to Monday Nicolette Cayman

2017 The Wilde Wedding Eve Wilde

2017 The Wife Joan Castleman

2017 Crooked House Lady Edith

2017 Father Figures Helen Baxter

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1975 Great Performances Neighbour Season 3, episode 14: The Rules of the Game

1979 Too Far To Go Rebecca Kuehn TV film

1979 Orphan Train Jessica

1982 The Elephant Man Princess Alexandra

1984 Something About Amelia Gail Bennett TV film

1988 Stones for Ibarra Sara Everton TV film

1991 Sarah, Plain and Tall Sarah Wheaton TV film, also executive producer

1993 Skylark Sarah Witting TV film, also executive producer

1995 Serving in Silence Margarethe Cammermeyer TV film, also executive producer

1995 Inside the Actors Studio Herself Season 2, episode 4

1995– 2017 The Simpsons Mona Simpson (voice) 8 episodes

1997 In the Gloaming Janet TV film

1999 Sarah, Plain and Tall: Winter's End Sarah Witting TV film, also executive producer

2000 Baby Adult Sophie TV film, narrator, also executive producer

2001 The Ballad of Lucy Whipple Arvella Whipple TV film, also executive producer

2001 South Pacific Nellie Forbush TV film, also executive producer

2002 Will & Grace Fanny Lieber Episode: "Hocus Focus"

2003 Brush with Fate Cornelia Engelbrecht TV film

2003 The Lion in Winter Eleanor of Aquitaine TV film

2004 The West Wing Evelyn Baker Lang Episode: "The Supremes"

2004 Strip Search Karen Moore TV film

2005 The Shield Captain Monica Rawling Season 4 (13 episodes)

2007– 2012 Damages Patricia "Patty" Hewes Seasons 1–5 (59 episodes)

2015 Louie Woman Episode: "Sleepover"

2016 Family Guy Herself (voice) Episode: "A Lot Going on Upstairs"

2017 Sea Oak Aunt Bernie Pilot

Documentaries[edit]

Year Title Role

1988 American Experience Executive producer

1990 Divine Garbo Host

1992 Broken Hearts, Broken Homes Executive producer

1999 The Lady with the Torch Host

2003 In Search of the Jaguar Narrator

2003 What I Want My Words to Do to You

2003 A Closer Walk

2007 Gabon: The Last Eden

2009 Home

2010 Pax Executive producer

2011 Not My Life Narrator

2012 Love, Marilyn

2015 Mind/Game: The Unquiet Journey of Chamique Holdsclaw

2016 Broadway: Beyond the Golden Age Herself

Stage[edit]

Year title Role Notes

1974 Love for Love Angelica Broadway play (New Phoenix Rep at Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Theatre)

1974 The Rules of the Game Neighbour

1974 The Member of the Wedding Janice

1975 King Lear Cordelia Milwaukee Repertory Theatre

1976 Rex Princess Mary Broadway musical

1977 The Crazy Locomotive

Off-Broadway (Chelsea Theater Center)

1977 Uncommon Women and Others

Off-Broadway

1978 The Crucifer of Blood Irene St. Claire Broadway play

1979 Wine Untouched

Off-Broadway

1979 The Winter Dancers

1980 Barnum Chairy Barnum Broadway musical

1981 Uncle Vanya Elena Yale Repertory Theatre

1982 The Singular Life of Albert Nobbs Albert Nobbs Off-Broadway

1983 The Real Thing Annie Broadway play (Plymouth Theatre)

1985 For No Good Reason/Childhood

Off-Broadway

1985 Joan of Arc at the Stake

Concert[146]

1985 Benefactors Jane Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)

1991 Brooklyn Laundry

Los Angeles

1992 Death and the Maiden Paulina Salas Broadway play (Brooks Atkinson Theatre)

1993 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond Shubert Theatre, Los Angeles (musical)

1994 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond Broadway musical

2002 A Streetcar Named Desire Blanche DuBois London
London
(National Theatre)

2003 The Play What I Wrote

Broadway musical

2006 Busker Alley Dame Libby St. Albans Off-Broadway musical (one-performance benefit concert)

2010 The Normal Heart Dr. Emma Brookner Walter Kerr Theatre
Walter Kerr Theatre
(one- performance benefit concert)

2012 Into the Woods The Giant (Pre-Recorded Voice) Delacorte Theater

2014 A Delicate Balance Agnes Broadway play

2016 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond West End ( London
London
Coliseum)

2017 Sunset Boulevard Norma Desmond Palace Theatre

References[edit]

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on February 19, 2009 ^ "PREMIERE - GLENN CLOSE - 919V-000-008". www.maryellenmark.com. Retrieved 2016-09-14.  ^ Galanes, Philip (2017-03-11). " Glenn Close
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and Patrick Kennedy on the Weight of Mental Illness". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-03-14.  ^ Rosemary Hall Alumnae Award Archived May 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. from the Choate Rosemary Hall
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website ^ Seymour, Steve. " Glenn Close
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Costume Revealed" comingsoon.net (Source:Daily Mail), December 5, 2010 ^ BWW Staff. " Glenn Close
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Reprises 'Albert Nobbs' in New Film" broadwayworld.com, December 15, 2010 ^ Changemaker, Kiri Westby; Rulebreaker; Storyteller (2012-02-23). "Glenn Close's 'Albert Nobbs' Brings Transgender
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Identity To The Red Carpet". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-20.  ^ "Oscar Nominees Mingle, Share Excitement". Retrieved 2016-08-20.  ^ Farber, Stephen (September 4, 2012). "Love, Marilyn: Telluride Review". The Hollywood Reporter.  ^ Fleming, Jr., Mike (May 29, 2013). " Glenn Close
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Noomi Rapace
(EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved 2016-10-25.  ^ " Glenn Close
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To Play Bogus Romanov Royal Anastasia In 'Duchess'". Retrieved 2016-09-05.  ^ " Glenn Close
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Glenn Close
On The End Of 'Damages'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-27.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (2017-12-18). "Amazon Passes On All 3 Pilots From Fall 2017 Pilot Season: 'Sea Oak', 'Love You More' & 'The Climb'". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-01-11.  ^ "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 02/25/89". Snltranscripts.jt.org. 1989-02-25. Retrieved 2012-08-14.  ^ "SNL Transcripts: Glenn Close: 12/12/92". Snltranscripts.jt.org. 1992-12-12. Retrieved 2012-08-14.  ^ Richards, David (1994-11-18). "THEATER REVIEW: SUNSET BOULEVARD; Boulevard Of Broken Dreams". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-01.  ^ Wolf, Matt (2002-10-10). "Review: 'A Streetcar Named Desire'". Retrieved 2016-08-22.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
to Voice The Giant in Public Theaters 'Into the Woods'" broadwayworld.com, July 16, 2012 ^ "After 20 Years, Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Is Back – Just Don't Call It a Comeback Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ Porteous, Jacob (September 22, 2015). "BREAKING NEWS: Glenn Close Makes West End Debut In Sunset Boulevard". Retrieved September 25, 2015.  ^ Limited, London
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Theatre Direct. "Sunset Boulevard tickets, London Coliseum, London
London
Theatre Direct". www.londontheatredirect.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17.  ^ " Glenn Close
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Glenn Close
Will Star, Again, in 'Sunset Boulevard' on Broadway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-26.  ^ Gans, Andrew. "Tix for 'Sunset Boulevard' Revival, Starring Glenn Close, Now on Sale through June" Playbill, February 7, 2017 ^ Brantley, Ben (2017-02-09). "Review: That 'Sunset Boulevard' Close-Up, Finely Focused". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-14.  ^ Stasio, Marilyn (2017-02-10). "Broadway Review: Glenn Close
Glenn Close
in 'Sunset Boulevard'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-14.  ^ "'Sunset Boulevard': EW Stage Review". EW.com. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-02-14.  ^ Kaplan, Janice. "A Glorious Glenn Close
Glenn Close
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Glenn Close
Among Theater Hall of Fame Inductees Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-09-20.  ^ " Glenn Close
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Quotes". BrainyQuote.  ^ Heilpern, John. " Glenn Close
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Roundtable -- Drama Actresses". Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ "Actress Glenn Close
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speaks at Saint Mary's // The Observer". 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ Macmillan. "How to Stop Acting Harold Guskin Macmillan". Macmillan. Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ "William & Mary - A conversation with Glenn Close
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'74". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ "Urban Cinefile CLOSE, GLENN: Paradise Road". www.urbancinefile.com.au. Retrieved 2016-08-28.  ^ a b Rose, Steve (2015-11-06). "Glenn Close: critical acclaim built on strength of character". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-08-29.  ^ "15 Actors Who Always Play the Villain". The Cheat Sheet. 2017-08-17. Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ "Glenn Close: Why do we love the evil characters she portrays?". Marie France Asia, women's magazine. 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2017-11-10.  ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains". www.afi.com. Retrieved 2016-08-29.  ^ Stanley, Alessandra (2007-07-24). "Damages - Television - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-29.  ^ "How to tell good acting from bad acting, according to a Shakespearean director". 2016-02-24. Retrieved 2016-09-17.  ^ "An interview with Glenn Close
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- The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram". 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2016-08-29.  ^ " Glenn Close
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Movie Box Office Results". www.boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2016-08-27.  ^ "Visiting Artist". 2014-08-23. Retrieved 2016-10-05.  ^ "Votes in for Oscars". Retrieved 2016-10-05.  ^ "Glenn Close: Yep, I'm a Gay Icon!". PEOPLE.com. 2002-04-30. Retrieved 2016-12-24.  ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Glenn, Close Up". Pridesource. Retrieved 2016-12-24.  ^ "Glenn Close: 'You lose power if you get angry'". The Guardian. 2017-12-16. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-12-18.  ^ a b c d e f Stritof, Sheri and Bob. " Glenn Close
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and David Shaw", Marriage.about.com, accessed December 31, 2011 ^ Annie Starke on Following Mom (Glenn Close) On Stage and Her Fashionable Debut in Love, Loss and What I Wore, Broadway.com, March 31, 2011 ^ " Glenn Close
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Retreat", People Magazine, February 6, 2006. ^ "Glenn Close, husband divorce after 9 years of marriage". CTV News. September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015.  ^ "Getting Out of the Country". NYMag.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.  ^ David, Mark (2010-01-21). " Glenn Close
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Lists Upper West Side Aerie". Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ "20 Celebrities Who Have Amazing Homes in Montana". 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ DeMay, Daniel. "Iconic downtown coffee shop to change directions". Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ "Close! Beresford Corner Nabs $10.2 M., Under Asking". 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ " Glenn Close
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gains easement on Wyoming
Wyoming
land TSLN.com". Tri-State Livestock News. Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ " Glenn Close
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Net Worth". 2011-11-18. Retrieved 2016-09-26.  ^ "Trillium and Touchstone get Close". C21media. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ "Social Innovation Summit 2013". Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ "Disney Preps Live-Action Cruella de Vil
Cruella de Vil
Film (Exclusive)". Retrieved 2016-10-01.  ^ fetchdog.com ^ "Actress Glenn Close, husband sell FetchDog pet business - The Portland Press Herald / Maine
Maine
Sunday Telegram". 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ Aitkenhead, Decca (2009-02-15). "The G2 interview: Decca Aitkenhead meets Glenn Close". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ "Opensecrets.org". Opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2010-08-22. [permanent dead link] ^ "Democratic National Convention, Day 1 Evening". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "Bill and Hillary Clinton
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Headline Opening Night of DNC". Democracy Now!. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "What You Didn't See on TV: Inauguration Celebrity Watch - Slideshow - Daily Intel". Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ Aitkenhead, Decca (2009-02-15). "The G2 interview: Decca Aitkenhead meets Glenn Close". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ " Andrew Marr
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speaks to actress Glenn Close
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- BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-20.  ^ Cox, Gordon (2017-02-01). "Glenn Close, Back on Broadway, Talks Trump and 'Fatal Attraction'". Variety. Retrieved 2017-02-02.  ^ "William & Mary - Muscarelle Museum announces Glenn Close costume exhibition". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  ^ "William & Mary - Muscarelle Museum announces Glenn Close costume exhibition". www.wm.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ Voller, Debbi (1992). Madonna: the style book. Omnibus Pr. p. 35. ISBN 0711975116.  ^ " Glenn Close
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praises Madonna again! all about Madonna". 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2016-08-22.  ^ " Glenn Close
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donates costume collection to Indiana University". Page Six. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2017-11-08.  ^ "Glenn to sing at Citi for cause Close to heart". Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "To Be a Mets Fan in L.A.: Jimmy Kimmel, Glenn Close
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and More Defend Their Team". Retrieved 2016-09-24.  ^ REDBURN, TOM (1989-04-09). "Celebrities to Join Pro-Choice Marchers in Capital". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "Flockhart, Close, Tomlin, Hawn on All-Star Lineup For Vagina Monologues Feb. 14 Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ "Why V-Day Started V-Day: A Global Movement to End Violence Against Women and Girls Worldwide". www.vday.org. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ " GLAAD
GLAAD
Honors Glenn Close, Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
& The Invention of Love Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ "Prison-trained puppies help wounded troops - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "Service Dogs Help War Wounded". Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ Close, Glenn. "Glenn Close: Stop greedy ivory trade killing elephants". CNN. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Helps Fountain House Launch Anti-Stigma Campaign Fountain House". www.fountainhouse.org. Retrieved 2016-08-27.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Panthera". www.panthera.org. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ "The Reeves' Legacy: Late actor's son carries on quest to cure spinal injuries". NJ.com. Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ "Reeve's Work Goes On". Retrieved 2017-11-17.  ^ " CuriosityStream
CuriosityStream
Advisory Board". Retrieved 31 August 2015.  ^ News, ABC. "Actress Glenn Close
Glenn Close
aims to reduce mental health stigma". ABC News. Retrieved 2018-03-31.  ^ "Bring Change 2 Mind". Bring Change 2 Mind. Retrieved 2012-08-14.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
has genome sequenced to publicise mental illness". Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ Setoodeh, Ramin (2015-04-21). " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Fights to End Mental Illness Stigma With Bring Change 2 Mind". Retrieved 2016-08-10.  ^ "Why Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Started Mental Health Foundation". ABC News. 2015-11-05. Retrieved 2016-09-21.  ^ " WebMD
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- Glenn Close
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is WebMD's Health Hero People's Choice". Facebook. Retrieved 2016-02-27.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
Donates Record Sum Following Orlando Tragedy Playbill". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-06-21.  ^ " Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(@TheGlennClose)". twitter.com. Retrieved 2016-02-27.  ^ Holland, Bernard (1985-05-09). "CONCERT: 'JOAN OF ARC' BY HONEGGER". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glenn Close.

Glenn Close
Glenn Close
on IMDb
IMDb
Glenn Close
Glenn Close
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Glenn Close
Glenn Close
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Glenn Close
Glenn Close
at Emmys.com Napoleon, Davi. Chelsea on the Edge: The Adventures of an American Theater Includes discussion of Des McAnuff's production of The Crazy Locomotive at the Chelsea Theater. Iowa State University Press. Glenn Close
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on Twitter
Twitter

Awards for Glenn Close

v t e

Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical

Imelda de Martin (1964) no award (1965-1968) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Sandy Duncan
Sandy Duncan
/ Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
/ Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1971) Jonelle Allen (1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
/ Michele Lee
Michele Lee
(1973) Ruby Lynn Reyner (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Clamma Dale (1977) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lena Horne
Lena Horne
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Teresa Stratas
Teresa Stratas
(1987) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1988) Toni DiBuono (1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Carolee Carmello
Carolee Carmello
/ Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Marla Schaffel (2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
/ Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
/ Montego Glover
Montego Glover
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Laura Osnes
Laura Osnes
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kristin Chenoweth
Kristin Chenoweth
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

v t e

Drama League's Distinguished Performance Award

Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
(1935) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1936) Maurice Evans (1937) Cedric Hardwicke
Cedric Hardwicke
(1938) Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
(1939) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1940) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1941) Judith Evelyn
Judith Evelyn
(1942) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1943) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1944) Mady Christians
Mady Christians
(1945) Louis Calhern
Louis Calhern
(1946) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1948) Robert Morley
Robert Morley
(1949) Grace George
Grace George
(1950) Claude Rains
Claude Rains
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Josephine Hull (1954) Viveca Lindfors
Viveca Lindfors
(1955) David Wayne
David Wayne
(1956) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1957) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1958) Cyril Ritchard
Cyril Ritchard
(1959) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1960) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
(1963) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1964) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1965) Richard Kiley
Richard Kiley
(1966) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1969) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1970) Anthony Quayle
Anthony Quayle
(1971) Eileen Atkins / Claire Bloom
Claire Bloom
(1972) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1973) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1974) John Wood (1975) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1976) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1977) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1978) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1979) Roy Scheider
Roy Scheider
(1980) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1981) Milo O'Shea
Milo O'Shea
(1982) Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
/ Kate Nelligan (1983) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1984) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1987) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Robert Morse
Robert Morse
(1990) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Stephen Rea
Stephen Rea
(1993) Sam Waterston
Sam Waterston
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1996) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
/ Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Brian Stokes Mitchell
Brian Stokes Mitchell
(1998) Kathleen Chalfant (1999) Eileen Heckart (2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
/ Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise
(2001) Liam Neeson
Liam Neeson
(2002) Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(2003) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2004) Norbert Leo Butz
Norbert Leo Butz
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(2009) Alfred Molina
Alfred Molina
(2010) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Ben Platt (2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Television Series Drama

Linda Cristal
Linda Cristal
(1969) Peggy Lipton
Peggy Lipton
(1970) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1971) Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher
(1972) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1973) Angie Dickinson
Angie Dickinson
(1974) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1975) Susan Blakely
Susan Blakely
(1976) Lesley Ann Warren
Lesley Ann Warren
(1977) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1978) Natalie Wood
Natalie Wood
(1979) Yoko Shimada (1980) Linda Evans/ Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1981) Joan Collins
Joan Collins
(1982) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1983) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1984) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1985) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1986) Susan Dey
Susan Dey
(1987) Jill Eikenberry
Jill Eikenberry
(1988) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1989) Sharon Gless/ Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1990) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1991) Regina Taylor
Regina Taylor
(1992) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1993) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(1994) Jane Seymour (1995) Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(1996) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1997) Keri Russell
Keri Russell
(1998) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(1999) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(2000) Jennifer Garner
Jennifer Garner
(2001) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2002) Frances Conroy
Frances Conroy
(2003) Mariska Hargitay
Mariska Hargitay
(2004) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(2005) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2006) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2007) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(2008) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2009) Katey Sagal
Katey Sagal
(2010) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Robin Wright
Robin Wright
(2013) Ruth Wilson
Ruth Wilson
(2014) Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
(2015) Claire Foy (2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award
Golden Globe Award
for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film

Jane Seymour (1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1983) Ann-Margret
Ann-Margret
(1984) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1985) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Ann Jillian
Ann Jillian
(1988) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1991) Laura Dern
Laura Dern
(1992) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1993) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1994) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1998) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(1999) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Uma Thurman
Uma Thurman
(2002) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2013) Maggie Gyllenhaal
Maggie Gyllenhaal
(2014) Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year

1951–1975

Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1951) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1952) Mamie Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower
(1953) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1954) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1955) Peggy Ann Garner
Peggy Ann Garner
(1956) Carroll Baker
Carroll Baker
(1957) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1958) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1959) Carol Lawrence
Carol Lawrence
(1960) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1961) Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie
(1962) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1963) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1964) Lee Remick
Lee Remick
(1965) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1966) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1967) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1968) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1969) Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
(1970) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1971) Ruby Keeler
Ruby Keeler
(1972) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1973) Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1974) Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper
(1975)

1976–2000

Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1976) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1977) Beverly Sills
Beverly Sills
(1978) Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
(1979) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1980) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(1981) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald
(1982) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1983) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
(1984) Cher
Cher
(1985) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1986) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1987) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1988) Kathleen Turner
Kathleen Turner
(1989) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1990) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1991) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Meg Ryan
Meg Ryan
(1994) Michelle Pfeiffer
Michelle Pfeiffer
(1995) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1996) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1997) Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
(1998) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1999) Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
(2000)

2001–present

Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2001) Sarah Jessica Parker
Sarah Jessica Parker
(2002) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(2003) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2004) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2005) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2006) Scarlett Johansson
Scarlett Johansson
(2007) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2008) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2009) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2010) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Amy Poehler
Amy Poehler
(2015) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2016) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2017) Mila Kunis
Mila Kunis
(2018)

v t e

Locarno Film Festival Best Actress Award

2000s–2010s

Sabine Timoteo (2000) Ho-jung Kim (2001) Taraneh Alidoosti
Taraneh Alidoosti
(2002) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
/ Diana Dumbrava / Kiron Kher
Kiron Kher
(2003) Maria Kwiatkowsky/ Pinar Erincin (2004) Robin Wright
Robin Wright
/ Sissy Spacek/ Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
/ LisaGay Hamilton
LisaGay Hamilton
/ Glenn Close / Elpidia Carrillo
Elpidia Carrillo
/ Amy Brenneman
Amy Brenneman
/ Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(2005) Amber Tamblyn
Amber Tamblyn
(2006) Marian Álvarez
Marian Álvarez
(2007) Ilaria Occhini
Ilaria Occhini
(2008) Lotte Verbeek
Lotte Verbeek
(2009) WiAna Ularu (2010) María Canale (2011) Nai An (2012) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2013) Ariane Labed
Ariane Labed
(2014) Sachie Tanaka / Hazuki Kikuchi / Maiko Mihara / Rira Kawamura (2015) Irena Ivanova (2016) Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2017)

v t e

Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress

Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1977) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
/ Mona Washbourne
Mona Washbourne
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1981) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Cathy Tyson / Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Geneviève Bujold
Geneviève Bujold
(1988) Brenda Fricker
Brenda Fricker
(1989) Lorraine Bracco
Lorraine Bracco
(1990) Jane Horrocks (1991) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1992) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
/ Rosie Perez
Rosie Perez
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1995) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1996) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(1997) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1998) Chloë Sevigny
Chloë Sevigny
(1999) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2000) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2001) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2002) Shohreh Aghdashloo
Shohreh Aghdashloo
(2003) Virginia Madsen
Virginia Madsen
(2004) Catherine Keener
Catherine Keener
(2005) Luminița Gheorghiu (2006) Amy Ryan
Amy Ryan
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Jacki Weaver
Jacki Weaver
(2010) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2011) Amy Adams
Amy Adams
(2012) Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
(2013) Agata Kulesza
Agata Kulesza
(2014) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2015) Lily Gladstone (2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress

Nina Foch
Nina Foch
(1954) Marjorie Rambeau
Marjorie Rambeau
(1955) Debbie Reynolds
Debbie Reynolds
(1956) Sybil Thorndike
Sybil Thorndike
(1957) Kay Walsh
Kay Walsh
(1958) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1959) Shirley Jones
Shirley Jones
(1960) Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
(1961) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Edith Evans
Edith Evans
(1964) Joan Blondell
Joan Blondell
(1965) Vivien Merchant (1966) Marjorie Rhodes
Marjorie Rhodes
(1967) Virginia Maskell
Virginia Maskell
(1968) Pamela Franklin
Pamela Franklin
(1969) Karen Black
Karen Black
(1970) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1971) Marisa Berenson
Marisa Berenson
(1972) Sylvia Sidney
Sylvia Sidney
(1973) Valerie Perrine
Valerie Perrine
(1974) Ronee Blakley
Ronee Blakley
(1975) Talia Shire
Talia Shire
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1980) Mona Washbourne
Mona Washbourne
(1981) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Sabine Azéma
Sabine Azéma
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1988) Mary Stuart Masterson
Mary Stuart Masterson
(1989) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1990) Kate Nelligan (1991) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(1992) Winona Ryder
Winona Ryder
(1993) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
/ Kristin Scott Thomas
Kristin Scott Thomas
(1996) Anne Heche
Anne Heche
(1997) Christina Ricci
Christina Ricci
(1998) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(1999) Lupe Ontiveros
Lupe Ontiveros
(2000) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2001) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(2002) Patricia Clarkson
Patricia Clarkson
(2003) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2004) Gong Li
Gong Li
(2005) Catherine O'Hara
Catherine O'Hara
(2006) Amy Ryan
Amy Ryan
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Anna Kendrick
Anna Kendrick
(2009) Jacki Weaver
Jacki Weaver
(2010) Shailene Woodley
Shailene Woodley
(2011) Ann Dowd
Ann Dowd
(2012) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2013) Jessica Chastain
Jessica Chastain
(2014) Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(2015) Naomie Harris
Naomie Harris
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

People's Choice Award for Favorite Movie Actress

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1975) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1976) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1977) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1978) Olivia Newton-John
Olivia Newton-John
(1979) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1980) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1981) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Sally Field
Sally Field
(1982) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
/ Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1983) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1984) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1985) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1986) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1987) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1988) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1990) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1991) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(1996) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(1997) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(1998) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2001) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2002) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2003) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2004) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2005) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2006) Jennifer Aniston
Jennifer Aniston
(2007) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2008) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2009) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2010) Kristen Stewart
Kristen Stewart
(2011) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2012) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2013) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2014) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2015) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2016) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1952) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1954) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1956) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1959) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1961) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1966) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1967) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1968) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1969) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
(1970) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1973) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1974) Jean Marsh (1975) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1976) Lindsay Wagner
Lindsay Wagner
(1977) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1978) Mariette Hartley
Mariette Hartley
(1979) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1980) Barbara Babcock
Barbara Babcock
(1981) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1982) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1983) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1984) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1985) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1986) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1987) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1988) Dana Delany
Dana Delany
(1989) Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1990) Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1991) Dana Delany
Dana Delany
(1992) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1993) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(1994) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1995) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1996) Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(1997) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1998) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(1999) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(2000) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2001) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2002) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2003) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2004) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2005) Mariska Hargitay
Mariska Hargitay
(2006) Sally Field
Sally Field
(2007) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2008) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2009) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2010) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2013) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2014) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2015) Tatiana Maslany
Tatiana Maslany
(2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy
Emmy
Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie

Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1956) Polly Bergen
Polly Bergen
(1957) Julie Harris (1959) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1960) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1961) Julie Harris (1962) Kim Stanley
Kim Stanley
(1963) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1964) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1965) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1966) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1967) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1968) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1969) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1970) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1973) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
/ Mildred Natwick
Mildred Natwick
(1974) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Jessica Walter
Jessica Walter
(1975) Susan Clark
Susan Clark
/ Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1976) Sally Field
Sally Field
/ Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1977) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
/ Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1978) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1979) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1980) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1981) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1982) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1983) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1984) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1985) Marlo Thomas
Marlo Thomas
(1986) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1987) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1988) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1989) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1990) Lynn Whitfield
Lynn Whitfield
(1991) Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Kirstie Alley
Kirstie Alley
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Ellen Barkin
Ellen Barkin
(1998) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1999) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2002) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2013) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2014) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Satellite Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama

Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1996) Kate Mulgrew
Kate Mulgrew
(1997) Jeri Ryan
Jeri Ryan
(1998) Camryn Manheim
Camryn Manheim
(1999) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2000) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2001) CCH Pounder
CCH Pounder
(2002, 2003) Laurel Holloman (2004) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2005, 2006) Ellen Pompeo
Ellen Pompeo
(2007) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(2008) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2009) Connie Britton
Connie Britton
(2010) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2011, 2012) Robin Wright
Robin Wright
(2013) Keri Russell
Keri Russell
(2014) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2015) Evan Rachel Wood
Evan Rachel Wood
(2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Award
Screen Actors Guild Award
for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie

Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1994) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1995) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1996) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1997) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1998) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(1999) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2000) Judy Davis
Judy Davis
(2001) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(2002) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2003) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2004) S. Epatha Merkerson
S. Epatha Merkerson
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
(2007) Laura Linney
Laura Linney
(2008) Drew Barrymore
Drew Barrymore
(2009) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2010) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2011) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2012) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2013) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2014) Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
(2015) Sarah Paulson
Sarah Paulson
(2016) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2017)

v t e

Tokyo International Film Festival
Tokyo International Film Festival
Best Actress

1980s

Rachel Ward
Rachel Ward
(1987) Elena Yakovleva
Elena Yakovleva
(1989)

1990s

Zhao Lirong (1991) Lumi Cavazos
Lumi Cavazos
(1992) Lü Liping (1993) Debra Winger
Debra Winger
(1994) Yasuko Tomita (1995) Hildegunn Riise (1996) Rene Liu
Rene Liu
/ Tseng Jing (1997) Maki Miyamoto (1998) María Galiana
María Galiana
(1999)

2000s

Jennifer Jason Leigh
Jennifer Jason Leigh
(2000) Luiza Xhuvani
Luiza Xhuvani
(2001) Donatella Finocchiaro (2002) Shinobu Terajima
Shinobu Terajima
/ Khristy Jean Hulslander (2003) Mirella Pascual (2004) Helena Bonham Carter
Helena Bonham Carter
(2005) Abigail Breslin
Abigail Breslin
(2006) Shefali Shah
Shefali Shah
(2007) Félicité Wouassi (2008) Julie Gayet
Julie Gayet
(2009)

2010s

Fan Bingbing
Fan Bingbing
(2010) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2011) Neslihan Atagül
Neslihan Atagül
(2012) Eugene Domingo
Eugene Domingo
(2013) Rie Miyazawa
Rie Miyazawa
(2014) Glória Pires
Glória Pires
(2015) Lene Cecilia Sparrok (2016) Adeline D'Hermy (2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
/ Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
/ Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1948) Martita Hunt (1949) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1950) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1954) Nancy Kelly
Nancy Kelly
(1955) Julie Harris (1956) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1957) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1958) Gertrude Berg
Gertrude Berg
(1959) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1960) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1961) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1962) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1963) Sandy Dennis (1964) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1965) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1966) Beryl Reid
Beryl Reid
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Julie Harris (1969) Tammy Grimes
Tammy Grimes
(1970) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1971) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1972) Julie Harris (1973) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1974) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1975) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1976) Julie Harris (1977) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1978) Constance Cummings
Constance Cummings
/ Carole Shelley
Carole Shelley
(1979) Phyllis Frelich (1980) Jane Lapotaire (1981) Zoe Caldwell (1982) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1983) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1984) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1985) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(1986) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1987) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Madeline Kahn
Madeline Kahn
(1993) Diana Rigg
Diana Rigg
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Zoe Caldwell (1996) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1997) Marie Mullen (1998) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1999) Jennifer Ehle
Jennifer Ehle
(2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2001) Lindsay Duncan
Lindsay Duncan
(2002) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2003) Phylicia Rashad
Phylicia Rashad
(2004) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(2005) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2006) Julie White
Julie White
(2007) Deanna Dunagan (2008) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2009) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2010) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2011) Nina Arianda (2012) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(2013) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2014) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2015) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical

Grace Hartman (1948) Nanette Fabray
Nanette Fabray
(1949) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1950) Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
(1951) Gertrude Lawrence
Gertrude Lawrence
(1952) Rosalind Russell
Rosalind Russell
(1953) Dolores Gray
Dolores Gray
(1954) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1955) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1956) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1957) Thelma Ritter
Thelma Ritter
/ Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1958) Gwen Verdon
Gwen Verdon
(1959) Mary Martin
Mary Martin
(1960) Elizabeth Seal (1961) Anna Maria Alberghetti
Anna Maria Alberghetti
/ Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1962) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1963) Carol Channing
Carol Channing
(1964) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1966) Barbara Harris (1967) Patricia Routledge / Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
(1968) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1969) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1970) Helen Gallagher
Helen Gallagher
(1971) Alexis Smith
Alexis Smith
(1972) Glynis Johns
Glynis Johns
(1973) Virginia Capers (1974) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1975) Donna McKechnie
Donna McKechnie
(1976) Dorothy Loudon
Dorothy Loudon
(1977) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1978) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1979) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(1980) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1981) Jennifer Holliday (1982) Natalia Makarova
Natalia Makarova
(1983) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1984) No Award (1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) Maryann Plunkett (1987) Joanna Gleason
Joanna Gleason
(1988) Ruth Brown
Ruth Brown
(1989) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1990) Lea Salonga
Lea Salonga
(1991) Faith Prince (1992) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(1993) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1994) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1995) Donna Murphy
Donna Murphy
(1996) Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Natasha Richardson
Natasha Richardson
(1998) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1999) Heather Headley (2000) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2001) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2002) Marissa Jaret Winokur
Marissa Jaret Winokur
(2003) Idina Menzel
Idina Menzel
(2004) Victoria Clark
Victoria Clark
(2005) LaChanze
LaChanze
(2006) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Alice Ripley
Alice Ripley
(2009) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2010) Sutton Foster
Sutton Foster
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Patina Miller
Patina Miller
(2013) Jessie Mueller
Jessie Mueller
(2014) Kelli O'Hara
Kelli O'Hara
(2015) Cynthia Erivo (2016) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 84973294 LCCN: n88034815 ISNI: 0000 0001 0858 9540 GND: 134904435 SUDOC: 059205474 BNF: cb139387985 (data) BIBSYS: 98012907 MusicBrainz: 512f6db1-63ef-42d1-a234-55bacecfe0c0 NLA: 35467107 NKC: ola2002158984 BNE: XX1109

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