The GLENGARRY LIGHT INFANTRY FENCIBLES were a light infantry unit,
raised chiefly in the Glengarry District of
* 1 Formation
* 2 Service during the
War of 1812
It was proposed to form a unit of fencibles in the Glengarry district
The Secretary of State for War and the Colonies rejected the scheme but in 1808, Governor General Sir James Craig issued a letter of service authorising the raising of the unit on his own authority. He was forced to withdraw it a month later as the unit's officers could not raise the promised number of men in time.
In 1812 however, as war with the United States appeared to be
inevitable, Craig's replacement as Governor General, Sir George
Prévost , again decided to raise the unit on his own responsibility.
He appointed Captain
George MacDonnell of the 8th (King\'s) Regiment
to raise the "Glengarry levy", which initially was to have a strength
of 376 other ranks. Recruits came from districts as far away as Nova
Partly through the efforts of the unit's chaplain, Alexander
Macdonell , the unit grew during formation to a strength of 600.
Prévost raised the corps' status to that of a regiment and renamed it
Glengarry Light Infantry
SERVICE DURING THE WAR OF 1812
The unit first gathered for training at
On 22 February 1813,
George MacDonnell (who had been promoted to
lieutenant colonel and appointed to command the garrison at Prescott)
mounted another, successful, attack across the frozen river. In the
Battle of Ogdensburg
A company was present at the
Battle of York
During the later part of 1813, the entire regiment was concentrated around Fort George, and was engaged for several weeks in harassing the American outposts around the captured fort.
The regiment was built back up to strength during the following winter. A company took part in the Raid on Fort Oswego in the spring of 1814. During the following summer the full regiment, together with the light infantry companies of four regular line regiments, formed a covering force on the Niagara Peninsula, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Pearson . Later, on 25 July, the regiment formed part of a light infantry brigade under Pearson and played a major part in the Battle of Lundy\'s Lane . They harassed the left flank of the American army but suffered casualties when mistaken for Americans by other inexperienced British troops.
During the remainder of 1814, the regiment performed outpost duty
during the unsuccessful
Siege of Fort Erie
Two Irish-born soldiers of the regiment, John Henry and John Blueman,
are notable for their alleged involvement in one of
The regiment was disbanded in 1816. Today, the regiment's history and
service is commemorated by the Canadian Army's Stormont, Dundas and
Glengarry Highlanders Regiment, a regiment which also carries the
NIAGARA Battle Honour earned by the
Glengarry Light Infantry
UNIFORM AND EQUIPMENT
When Craig first tried to form the unit he proposed that it wear the
dress of Scottish highland regiments, with a Glengarry tartan plaid.
Prevost intended the unit to be used as skirmishing light infantry and
it adopted a dark green uniform with black facings as worn by the 95th
Rifles . However, they were armed with the smoothbore Brown Bess
musket (possibly the New Land Service version, with rudimentary
backsight) rather than the
The regimental badge, worn on the front of the shako , was a strung bugle on which the letters "G L I" were superimposed, in white metal. The crossbelt plate featured a thistle surrounded by the words "Glengarry Light Infantry."
Officers' uniforms consisted of a dark green dolman and pantaloons, with a crimson sash. They also wore a black shoulder belt, with a silver whistle and chain. Their shako badge was of the same design as that for other ranks, but was of silver. They may also have had a dark green pelisse , with black cords and black fur trim.
* ^ Browne 1854 , pp. 378, 380–381. * ^ Hitsman, p. 21 * ^ Hitsman, p.37 * ^ A B O'Keeffe, Eamonn (December 2015). "New Light on Toronto\'s Oldest Cold Case: The 1815 Murder of John Paul Radelmüller". Toronto: The Fife and Drum: 3–5. * ^ A B Chartrand, p.18
* Browne, James (1854). history of the Highlands and of the Highland
clans: with an extensive selection from the hitherto inedited Stuart
papers. 4. A. Fullarton and Co. pp. 378–381.
* Hitsman, J. Mackay (1999). The Incredible War of 1812. University