1 History 2 Geography
2.1 Geology 2.2 Climate 2.3 Parks
3.1 Industry and development 3.2 Shopping
4.1 2010 4.2 2000 4.3 Armenian population 4.4 Other ethnic groups
5.1 Local government 5.2 County representation 5.3 State and federal representation 5.4 Law enforcement and services 5.5 Fire department 5.6 Verdugo Fire Communications Center 5.7 Public safety statistics
6 Education 7 Media 8 Transportation 9 Notable people 10 Sister cities 11 See also 12 References 13 External links
The Glendale area in the 1870s
The area was long inhabited by the Tongva people (or "People of the Earth"), who were later renamed the Gabrieleños by the Spanish missionaries, after the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. In 1798, José María Verdugo, a corporal in the Spanish army from Baja California, received the Rancho San Rafael from Governor Diego de Borica, formalizing his possession and use of land on which he had been grazing livestock and farming since 1784. Rancho San Rafael was a Spanish concession, of which 25 were made in California. Unlike the later Mexican land grants, the concessions were similar to grazing permits, with the title remaining with the Spanish crown. In 1860, his grandson Teodoro Verdugo built the Verdugo Adobe, which is the oldest building in Glendale. The property is the location of the Oak of Peace, where early Californio leaders including Pio Pico met in 1847 and decided to surrender to Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont. Verdugo's descendants sold the ranch in various parcels, some of which are included in present-day Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, and Highland Park neighborhoods of Los Angeles.
In 1884, residents gathered to form a townsite and chose the name "Glendale" (it was bounded by First Street (now Lexington Drive) on the north, Fifth Street (now Harvard Street) on the south, Central Avenue on the west, and the Childs Tract on the east). Residents to the southwest formed "Tropico" in 1887. The Pacific Electric Railway brought streetcar service in 1904. Glendale incorporated in 1906, and annexed Tropico 12 years later. An important civic booster of the era was Leslie Coombs Brand (1859–1925), who built an estate in 1904 called El Miradero, featuring an eye-catching mansion, the architecture of which combined characteristics of Spanish, Moorish, and Indian styles, copied from the East Indian Pavilion at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition held in Chicago, which he visited. Brand loved to fly, and built a private airstrip in 1919 and hosted "fly-in" parties, providing a direct link to the soon-to-be-built nearby Grand Central Airport. The grounds of El Miradero are now city-owned Brand Park and the mansion is the Brand Library, according to the terms of his will. Brand partnered with Henry E. Huntington to bring the Pacific Electric Railway, or the "Red Cars", to the area. Today, he is memorialized by one of the city's main thoroughfares, Brand Boulevard.
Looking south on Brand Blvd, 1915
The city's population rose from 13,756 in 1920 to 62,736 in 1930. The Forest Lawn Cemetery opened in 1906 and was renamed Forest Lawn Memorial-Park in 1917. Pioneering endocrinologist and entrepreneur Henry R. Harrower opened his clinic in Glendale in 1920, which for many years was the largest business in the city. The American Green Cross, an early conservation and tree preservation society, was formed in 1926 (it disbanded three years later and the current organization of that name is unrelated). In 1964, Glendale was selected by George Lincoln Rockwell to be the West Coast headquarters of the American Nazi Party. Its offices, on Colorado Street in the downtown section of the city, remained open until the early 1980s. In 1977 and 1978, 10 murdered women were found in and around Glendale in what became known as the case of the Hillside Strangler. The murders were the work of Kenneth Bianchi and Angelo Buono, the latter of whom resided at 703 East Colorado Street, where most of the murders took place. Geography
Glendale from Griffith Park in the southwest, with the San Gabriel Mountains in the background and the Verdugo Hills on the extreme left
Glendale is located at the junction of two large valleys, the San Fernando and the San Gabriel. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.212 km2 (30.6 sq mi); 30.5 square miles (79 km2) of it is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) of it (0.43%) is covered by water. It is bordered to the north by the foothill communities of La Cañada Flintridge, La Crescenta, and Tujunga; to the south by the Atwater Village community incorporated by the city of Los Angeles; to the east by Pasadena and Eagle Rock (also incorporated within Los Angeles); and to the west by the city of Burbank. Glendale is located 10 miles (16 km) north of downtown Los Angeles. Geology Several known earthquake faults criss-cross the Glendale area and adjacent mountains, as in much of Southern California. Among the more recognized faults are the Sierra Madre and Hollywood faults, situated in the city's northern and southwestern portions, respectively. Additionally, the Verdugo and Raymond faults intersect through the city's central and southeastern areas. The San Gabriel fault, meanwhile, is located northeast of the city. Roughly 75 miles (121 km) northeast of Glendale is a major portion of the San Andreas Fault known as the "Big Bend", where quake-recurrence tracking shows major activity roughly every 140–160 years. The closest portion of the San Andreas is actually 29 miles (47 km) from Glendale. The last major quake along the southern San Andreas was recorded in 1857. In the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, which took place along the western edge of the Sierra Madre Fault, surface ruptures were nearly 12 miles (19 km) long, including one portion a few miles northwest of Glendale. Most of the damage was in the northern San Fernando Valley, though 31 structures in Glendale suffered major damage and had to be demolished, plus numerous chimneys collapsed. The 1994 Northridge earthquake had an epicenter about 18 miles (29 km) from Glendale. The city suffered severe damage to a public parking structure and sections of the Glendale Galleria parking structures and exterior columns incurred damages. Climate Glendale has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). The highest recorded temperature in Glendale was 110 °F (43 °C) on several occasions. The lowest recorded temperature was 17 °F (−8 °C) in February 2003. The warmest month is August and the coolest month is January. The rainfall is highest in February and lowest in July. The hills and mountains of northern Glendale very rarely have snow, owing to its warmer temperatures during the winter. It may only occur about every five to 10 years. The last time it snowed was February 26, 2011 in which snow accumulation of approximately 3" occurred and sleet was present. Frost is common from late November to early March. Temperatures as low as 30 °F (−1 °C) do occur during the winter, but only once or twice. Heavy rains and thunderstorms are also common during the winter. The spring brings pleasant weather, with very little rain. The summer is usually fairly warm, with highs from 85 °F (29 °C), to the low 100s (40 °C). The highest temperature ever recorded was 110 °F (43 °C). Summer can sometimes bring monsoon thunderstorms. Humidity can be very low, but it can also be very high, causing very steamy, muggy, and uncomfortable conditions. These days cause heat indices over 120 °F (49 °C). Fall brings nice weather, but can be gusty due to the Santa Ana winds, blowing in once or twice a year from October to December. Santa Ana winds can reach up to 70 miles per hour, with gusts up to 100 in mountain passes and canyons. One to eight thunderstorms occur in Glendale each year. Very rarely are they severe, but when they are, they are accompanied by gusty winds and hail.
Climate data for Glendale, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 93 (34) 92 (33) 96 (36) 105 (41) 102 (39) 110 (43) 110 (43) 107 (42) 110 (43) 108 (42) 98 (37) 93 (34) 110 (43)
Average high °F (°C) 68 (20) 70 (21) 71 (22) 76 (24) 78 (26) 84 (29) 89 (32) 91 (33) 89 (32) 83 (28) 74 (23) 68 (20) 78 (26)
Average low °F (°C) 44 (7) 46 (8) 47 (8) 50 (10) 53 (12) 57 (14) 61 (16) 62 (17) 61 (16) 55 (13) 48 (9) 44 (7) 52 (11)
Record low °F (°C) 23 (−5) 17 (−8) 23 (−5) 34 (1) 37 (3) 41 (5) 45 (7) 48 (9) 44 (7) 37 (3) 29 (−2) 26 (−3) 17 (−8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.48 (113.8) 5.00 (127) 4.38 (111.3) 1.22 (31) 0.45 (11.4) 0.21 (5.3) 0.05 (1.3) 0.21 (5.3) 0.48 (12.2) 0.65 (16.5) 1.50 (38.1) 2.46 (62.5) 21.09 (535.7)
Parks The city has nearly 50 public parks, from Deukmejian Wilderness Park in the north to Cerritos Park in the south. Central Park has the only West Coast monument to Korean comfort women of World War II. Economy As of 2016[update], the top employers in the city are (with number of employees):
# Employer # of Employees
1 Glendale Adventist Medical Center 2,662
2 Glendale Unified School District 2,460
3 City of Glendale 1,997
4 Dreamworks Animation 1,478 1
5 Glenair Inc. 1,322
6 Nestle Company 1,275
7 Glendale Community College 1,242
8 Glendale Memorial Medical Center 1,200
9 USC Verdugo Hills Hospital 726
10 Public Storage 354
1 Employee count is from FY2014, current data is unavailable.
Industry and development
801 North Brand, one of Glendale's many modern skyscrapers: Companies such as Nestlé, NexusLab, Great West Life, Citi, Unum, and Cigna have offices downtown.
Grand Central Airport was a municipal airport developed from 1923 which became the largest employer in Glendale for many years, and contributed to the development of aviation in the United States in many important ways. The main terminal building still stands and includes both Art Deco and Spanish-style architectural elements. The facility was the first official terminal for the Los Angeles area, as well as the departure point for the first commercial west-to-east transcontinental flight flown by Charles Lindbergh. During World War II, the Grand Central Air Terminal building was camouflaged to protect it from enemy targeting. It was closed down in 1959, and made way for the Grand Central Business Centre, an industrial park. Forest Lawn Memorial Park started in Tropico (later annexed to Glendale) in 1906 and is famous for its art collection and the burial of many celebrities, as well as for the 1933 opening of the first funeral home on cemetery grounds anywhere in the United States. The Bob's Big Boy chain of hamburger restaurants started in Glendale on East Colorado in August 1936, and the Baskin-Robbins "31 Flavors" chain of ice cream parlors started in Adams Square in 1945. The Glendale Public Library on Harvard Street houses its "Special Collections" department which contains original documents and records on much of the history of Glendale. It also contains one of the largest collections of books on cats in the world, over 20,000 volumes. It was donated to the library in the 1950s by the Jewel City Cat Fanciers Club. The city experienced significant development in the 1970s, with the completion of the Glendale Freeway (Highway 2) and the Ventura Freeway (Highway 134). This included redevelopment of Brand Boulevard, renovation of the 1925 Alex Theatre, and construction of the Glendale Galleria shopping mall which opened in 1976, and was further expanded in 1982.
Front entrance to the Downtown Central Library, 2018
Several large companies have offices in Glendale including the U.S. headquarters of International House of Pancakes. The Los Angeles regional office of California's State Compensation Insurance Fund is in Glendale. Americas United Bank was founded in Glendale in 2006 and is still headquartered there. Nero AG, the software company that makes Nero Burning ROM, also has its main North American subsidiary located in Glendale. Panda Security, a large antivirus software company, also has its principal U.S. office in Glendale. Neopets, Inc., a company that created the popular virtual pet website, Neopets, is located in the city (it was sold in 2005 to Viacom). In August 2013, Avery Dennison Corp., a label maker for major brands, announced plans to move its headquarters from Pasadena to Glendale. Avery employs about 26,000 people. The U.S. headquarters of the Swiss foods multinational Nestlé plans to move out by 2018. Glendale, along with Burbank, has served as a major production center for the U.S. entertainment industry and the U.S. animation industry in particular for several decades, because the Walt Disney Company outgrew its Burbank studio lot in the early 1960s, and started expanding into the closest business park available, which happened to be Glendale's Grand Central Business Centre about two miles east. First came the headquarters for Imagineering, followed in the 1980s by other divisions and offices. Today, Disney's Grand Central Creative Campus (known as GC3 for short) is home to Consumer Products, Disney Interactive, the Muppets Studio, and Marvel Animation Studios. From 1985 to 1995, Walt Disney Animation Studios (then known as Walt Disney Feature Animation) was headquartered in the Grand Central Business Centre, meaning that most of the films of the Disney Renaissance era were actually developed in Glendale. DisneyToon Studios, a division of WDAS, is still located in the Grand Central Business Centre near GC3, along with the Animation Research Library, Disney Animation's archive. Disney-owned KABC-TV is located on Circle 7 Drive to the south of GC3. In 1994, Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg, and David Geffen formed DreamWorks SKG, a diversified entertainment company. DreamWorks Animation remains located in the city's Grand Central Business Centre on land formerly occupied by a helicopter landing base next to the old airfield (and next to KABC-TV). Thus, many American animators who worked on feature films in the 1990s and 2000s have spent large portions of their careers in Glendale working for Disney or DreamWorks.
Americana at Brand (2008)
In 2005, construction began near the Galleria of developer Rick Caruso's "Americana at Brand", a 15.5-acre (63,000 m2) outdoor shopping and residential community. Caruso had previously designed and built the Grove at Farmers Market. The new Glendale development was opened to the public on May 2, 2008, and features 75 shops and restaurants, 238 apartments, 100 condominiums, and a Pacific Theatres 18-plex Cinema which seats 3000 people. A 2011 study by an outside consulting organization hired by the city showed that people felt Glendale was boring, though many beloved animated films have been created by Disney and DreamWorks in Glendale. After seeing the results of the study, the Glendale City Council voted to appropriate $1 million to undertake an image campaign based on the tagline: "Your Life. Animated."  Shopping Glendale has a wide selection for shoppers, one being the Glendale Galleria, which is anchored by Macy's, Target, J. C. Penney, and Bloomingdales, and the Americana at Brand, an upscale outdoor mall which includes stores such as Tiffany & Co., H&M, Armani Exchange, True Religion, Forever 21, and Urban Outfitters. The Americana at Brand is home to a Nordstrom, which was previously located inside the Glendale Galleria. Another shopping area is the Glendale Fashion Center, which is anchored by Ross, TJ Maxx, Nordstrom Rack, Staples, and Petco. Shopping can also be done at Montrose Shopping Park in North Glendale. The shopping park runs down Honolulu Avenue and is filled with many stores and restaurants. Demographics
Est. 2016 200,831  4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
2010 The 2010 United States Census reported that Glendale had a population of 191,719. According to the Southern California Association of Government's 2016 Demographic and Growth Forecast, the population of Glendale is expected to reach about 214,000 by 2040, an increase of about 11 percent from 2012. The population density was 6,268.6 people per square mile (2,420.3/km²). The racial makeup of Glendale was 136,226 (71.1%) White, 2,573 (1.3%) Black, 531 (0.3%) Native American, 31,434 (16.4%) Asian (6.9% Filipino, 5.4% Korean, 1.3% Chinese), 122 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 12,146 (6.3%) from other races, and 8,687 (4.5%) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 33,414 persons (17.4%). Non-Hispanic Whites were 61.5% of the population. The census reported that 190,290 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 223 (0.1%) lived in noninstitutionalized group quarters, and 1,206 (0.6%) were institutionalized. Of the 72,269 households, 21,792 (30.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 37,486 (51.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 8,908 (12.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,693 (5.1%) had a male householder with no wife present, 2,359 (3.3%) were unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 605 (0.8%) were same-sex married couples or partnerships. About 18,000 households (24.9%) were made up of individuals, and 7,077 (9.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63. The 50,087 families (69.3% of all households) had an average family size of 3.19. In the city, the population was distributed as 35,732 (18.6%) under the age of 18, 16,609 (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 54,518 (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 54,942 (28.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 29,918 (15.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males. The 76,269 housing units averaged 2,493.8 per square mile (962.8/km²), of which 27,535 (38.1%) were owner-occupied, and 44,734 (61.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%; 76,769 people (40.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 113,521 people (59.2%) lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, Glendale had a median household income of $53,020, with 14.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. 2000 As of the census of 2000, there were 194,973 people, 71,805 households, and 49,617 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,362.2 inhabitants per square mile (2,456.1/km²). There were 73,713 housing units averaged 2,405.3 per square mile (928.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.6% White, 1.6% Black, 0.3% Native American, 16.1% Asian American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 10.1% from two or more races. About 19.7% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 71,805 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were not families; 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.27. In the city, the population was distributed as 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,805, and for a family was $47,633. Males had a median income of $39,709 versus $33,815 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,227. About 13.6% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over. In June 2000, Erin Texeira of the Los Angeles Times stated that according to data from the US Census and the City of Glendale, the populations were about 30% Armenians, 25% other White, 25% Latino and Hispanic, and 16% Asian. Armenian population See also: History of the Armenian Americans in Los Angeles Armenian families have lived in the city since the 1920s, but the surge in immigration escalated in the 1970s. Armenian Americans are well integrated into the city, with many businesses, several Armenian schools, and ethnic/cultural organizations serving this ethnic group. Most of the Armenians in Glendale arrived in the city in the past two decades. The city of Glendale is home to one of the largest Armenian communities outside of Armenia. Beginning in the late 1980s, with assistance from family and friends already there, Armenians from the former Soviet Union began arriving. In the Glendale Unified School District, by 1988, along with students from the Middle East, they had become the largest ethnic group in the public schools, now having a larger number than the Latinos. Glendale became the municipality with the largest number of ethnic Armenians outside of Yerevan, Armenia. Rick Young, a Glendale Police Department spokesperson, stated, "In five to eight years, the [Armenian] community went from a few thousand to about 40,000." Levon Marashlian, an instructor of Armenian history at Glendale College, stated that in the early 1990s Glendale's Armenian community became the largest in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, surpassing the Armenian community of Hollywood. Alice Petrossian, the GUSD director of intercultural education, stated that Burbank lies within the middle of other Armenian communities, so it attracted Armenians. There are also great immigrants of Armenians from Iran who due to religious specification of government and life style limitations immigrated to USA and specially Glendale due to relatives there. The Iranian origin Armenians are differed from those who originated in Armenia by their family name end with "ian" instead of "Yan". A new headquarters of the Armenian National Committee/Western Region opened in 1994. By 1999, about 25% of the population spoke Armenian and there were many Armenian businesses. By 2005 the Armenian population was 40% of the total population. According to the United States 2000 Census, Glendale is home to 65,343 Armenian-Americans (making up 34.1% of the total population), increasing from 1990 when there were 31,402 Armenian-Americans in the city. As of 2005, one-third of Los Angeles' estimated 153,000 Armenians, or 51,000 around a quarter of Glendale's 205,000 residents was Armenian. At that time, Armenians held a majority on the Glendale city council, and it had done so since that year. As of 2005, Armenian businesses include bakeries, coffee shops, and restaurants. As of March 2018, four of the five members of Glendale's city council are of Armenian descent: Mayor Vartan Gharapetian and councilmembers Zareh Sinanyan (mayor from 2014–15), Ara Najarian (mayor from 2007–08, 2010–11, and 2015–16), and Vrej Agajanian. Former Armenian-American mayors of Glendale include Larry Zarian, Bob Yousefian, and Rafi Manoukian. Singer Serj Tankian and bassist Shavo Odadjian, members of the Armenian-American rock band System of a Down, were based in Glendale at the time of formation. Other ethnic groups The Mexican American community was established in Glendale by the 1960s. The late 1980s and the early 1990s also saw increases in Mexican American population as Glendale offers a safer suburban environment away from the city with higher quality education. As of 2012[update], Filipino Americans were the third largest minority group in Glendale, making up seven percent of the city's total population, overtaking Korean Americans. After the Persian Revolution, many Persians migrated into the cities seeking a suburban city with lower crime and quality education. Government Local government
The Peterson House is on the local historic register.
According to the city's most recent comprehensive annual financial report, the city's various funds had $576 million in revenues, $543 million in expenditures, $2,090 million in total assets, $481 million in total liabilities, and $460 million in cash and investments. Glendale elects its City Council members at large, to a four-year term. Elections are held on a Tuesday after the first Monday in April of odd-numbered years along with the Glendale Unified School District Board of Education and the Glendale Community College District Board of Trustees. County representation The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Glendale Health Center in Glendale. State and federal representation In the United States House of Representatives, Glendale is in California's 28th congressional district, represented by Democrat Adam Schiff. In the California State Legislature, Glendale is in the 25th Senate District, represented by Democrat Anthony Portantino, and in the 43rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Laura Friedman. Law enforcement and services Main article: Crime in Glendale, California
GFD engine 27
Glendale maintains its own police department, which operates from its main station in downtown Glendale, its downtown substation in the Glendale Galleria, and the Montrose substation in Verdugo City. The California Highway Patrol has its Southern Division Headquarters on Central Avenue in downtown Glendale. Fire department Fire protection is provided by the Glendale Fire Department (GFD). The GFD is an all-risk, career fire protection agency, responding to about 17,000 emergency and nonemergency calls for service annually. The GFD consists of nine strategically located fire stations, with mutual aid provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department, Los Angeles City Fire Department, Burbank Fire Department, and Pasadena Fire Department. The department maintains a "Class 1" ISO rating as part of certification through the Public Protection Classification Program. Verdugo Fire Communications Center The Verdugo FCC was established on August 1, 1979, between the cities of Burbank, Glendale, and Pasadena as a way to consolidate fire dispatching and telecommunications between the departments. Presently, Verdugo provides services to all 13 fire departments in the California OES "Area C" mutual aid plan, making them a regional dispatch center. The center is stationed on the third floor of Glendale Fire Department's headquarters (Fire Station 21) and handles roughly 72,000 calls for service annually. The fire chiefs from Burbank, Glendale and Pasadena oversee the center under a joint powers authority. These cities contract services from the center: Bob Hope Airport, South Pasadena, San Marino, San Gabriel, Arcadia, Monrovia, Sierra Madre, Montebello, Alhambra, and Monterey Park. Public safety statistics In 2014, Glendale was named the ninth-safest city in America in a report published by 24/7 Wall Street based on violent crime rates in cities with more than 100,000 people. Also in 2014, real estate company Movoto used FBI data crime data from 2013 to conduct a study of 100 U.S. cities with populations between 126,047 and 210,309 residents and concluded that Glendale was the safest mid-sized city in America. Education The Glendale Unified School District operates the public schools in Glendale. The GUSD high schools include Glendale High School, Herbert Hoover High School, Clark Magnet High School, Crescenta Valley High School located in La Crescenta and Allan F. Daily High School. A number of private schools also operate in Glendale, including Chamlian Armenian School, Holy Family High School, Salem Lutheran School, and Glendale Adventist Academy. Glendale is also home to Glendale Community College. Middle schools are Roosevelt Middle School, Toll Middle School, Rosemont Middle School, and Wilson Middle School. Media Glendale community news is covered by the Glendale News-Press, which was founded in 1905. KABC-TV, an ABC owned-and-operated television station serving the Greater Los Angeles area, has maintained their studios and offices in Glendale since December 2000. Transportation See also: Glendale Station Glendale offers many transportation options. LADOT, Metro Local, Metro Rapid, and Glendale Beeline all have buses that run in the city. Glendale Transportation Center provides connections to Greyhound buses and three train lines. Glendale is also served by four freeways: the Glendale Freeway (State Route 2), the Ventura Freeway (State Route 134), the Foothill Freeway (Interstate 210) and the Golden State Freeway (Interstate 5). Notable people
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Tatev Abrahamyan, chess player James-Paul Ancheta, Fashion Designer, Actor in "The Fashion Show" Allisyn Ashley Arm, actress, filmmaker Dan Avidan, vocalist in Ninja Sex Party and Starbomb, co-host of webseries Game Grumps Zoe Barnett, actress Kimberly Beck, actress Captain Beefheart, musician Dawn Bender, actress Christian Bergman, baseball pitcher Elvin Bishop, musician Aloe Blacc, musician David Brin, author Clara Bryant, actress Angelo Buono, serial killer Lucille Carroll, actress, MGM studio executive Armen Chakmakian, musician and composer Migdia Chinea, filmmaker John Cho, actor Claudia Christian, actress Ray Combs (1956-1996), former Family Feud host Doug Davidson, soap opera actor John Debney, Academy Award-nominated composer Emilio Delgado, actor, "Luis" on Sesame Street Doug Dohring, CEO of Neopets Nicole Eggert, actress Erika Eleniak, model and actress Douglas Emerson, actor Robert Englund, actor, Nightmare on Elm Street Yvonne Lime Fedderson, actress, third wife of producer Don Fedderson Chelsea Field, actress Pat Flaherty, auto racing driver, winner of 1956 Indianapolis 500 Doug Forrester, businessman and politician from New Jersey Edward Furlong, actor Beverly Garland, actress and hotel owner Daryl Gates, former LAPD police chief Go Betty Go, rock star Scott Gorham, musician Woody Guthrie, musician Joe Hahn, musician Peter D. Hannaford, political consultant and author associated with Ronald W. Reagan Arin Hanson, animator, vocalist of Starbomb, co-host of the webseries Game Grumps Tim Heidecker, comedian and musician Pamela Hensley, actress Taraji P. Henson, Academy Award–nominated actress Babe Herman, MLB right fielder Hardcore Holly, professional wrestler Chris Holmes, lead guitarist, W.A.S.P. John Holmes, pornographic actor Ashlyne Huff, musician Lux Interior and Poison Ivy, musicians, The Cramps Kathy Ireland, model and actress Jay-R, actor, TV host Maren Jensen, actress Julia Ann, pornographic actress Ed King, guitarist, Strawberry Alarm Clock & Lynyrd Skynyrd Robert Knapp, actor Don Knotts, Emmy-winning actor, lived in Glendale Nathan Kress, actor Greg Kriesel, bassist, The Offspring Shia LaBeouf, actor Jonna Lee, actress Robert B. Lewis, thoroughbred owner Mike Lieberthal, MLB All-Star catcher Yvonne Lime, actress Eric Lloyd, actor Mario Lopez, TV personality Katherine "Scottie" MacGregor, actress Benji Madden, lead guitarist, Good Charlotte Joel Madden, lead vocalist, Good Charlotte Daron Malakian, lead guitarist, System of a Down Rafi Manoukian, politician Vanes Martirosyan, boxer Tim Matheson, actor Rex Mays, champion race driver Mike Mazurki, actor and professional wrestler Brandon McCarthy, pitcher for Los Angeles Dodgers Doug McClure, actor Eva Mendes, actress Don Milan, NFL player Terry Moore, actress Jim E. Mora, football coach Dennis Muren, special effects artist Clarence Nash, original voice of Donald Duck Taylor Negron, actor, comedian Ross O'Donovan, animator and YouTube personality Florence Oberle, actress Ken Osmond, actor from Leave It to Beaver Kelly Packard, actress Melissa Pastore, pastor Paul Petersen, actor from The Donna Reed Show Sam Phillips, musician Jamie Pineda, front woman of pop music project Sweetbox Al Pollard, NFL player and announcer Donald Prothero, paleontologist and author Scott Radinsky, MLB pitcher Ronnie Radke, vocalist, Falling In Reverse Archie Reynolds, MLB player Michael Richards, actor from Seinfeld Nicole Richie, fashion designer, TV personality Debra Jo Rupp, actress Devin Sarno, composer Dawn Schiller, author of The Road Through Wonderland: Surviving John Holmes Maureen Kennedy Salaman, proponent of alternative medicine and author Steven L. Sears, writer and producer T. Sean Shannon, SNL comedy writer Bob Siebenberg, drummer of Supertramp Stirling Silliphant, screenwriter, producer Rick Springfield, musician Mary Kay Stearns, actress Casey Stengel, MLB player and Hall of Fame manager for New York Yankees Carl Steven, former child actor Joseph Stroud, poet and educator Gary Sutherland, MLB player Gloria Talbott, actress Diana Taurasi, WNBA player, Olympian Vic Tayback, actor, star of 1970s CBS sitcom Alice Jayceon Terrell Taylor, rapper, musician The Game Ann Tyrrell, actress Ron Underwood, director Lupe Vélez, actress Shawna Waldron, actress Paul Walker, actor Gordon Waller, singer with Peter and Gordon John Wayne, iconic film actor, attended Glendale High School Tanya Falan Welk, singer Dale Wood, organist and composer Bill Woodson, voice actor Gregg Zaun, MLB catcher
Sister cities Glendale has six sister cities.
Higashiōsaka, Japan Tlaquepaque, Mexico Rosarito, Mexico Ghapan, Armenia Goseong, South Korea Gimpo, South Korea
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List of cities in California Largest cities in Southern California M.V. Hartranft, early 20th-century land developer in Glendale
^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014. ^ a b "City Council". City of Glendale, CA. Retrieved November 2, 2014. ^ "City Treasurer". City of Glendale, CA. Retrieved February 4, 2015. ^ "Management Services". City of Glendale, CA. Retrieved November 6, 2014. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017. ^ "Glendale". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 22, 2014. ^ a b c "Tracy (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. ^ "ZIP Code(tm) Lookup". United States Postal Service. Retrieved November 30, 2014. ^ "American FactFinder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2015. ^ Rath, Arun (April 25, 2015). "The Armenian Diaspora Remembers And Mourns". NPR News. ^ Kudler, Adrian Glick (January 3, 2014). "Curbed Readers & Editors Pick LA's Neighborhoods Of The Year". Curbed LA. ^ Beck, Warren A., Haase, Ynez D. (1974). Historical Atlas of California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ^ http://www.glendaleca.gov/home/showdocument?id=12686 ^ "The Brand legacy, Mansion and Library". Brandlibrary.org. July 28, 2010. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2011. ^ Kath, Laura. Forest Lawn: The first 100 years, Tropico Press, 2006 ^ Rasmussen, Cecilia (August 17, 1992), Crime Figure, Los Angeles Times, retrieved April 20, 2011 ^ a b c d e f Texeira, Erin (June 25, 2000). "Ethnic Friction Disturbs Peace of Glendale". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 28, 2014. ^ Ci.glendale.ca City of Glendale report ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/91205 ^ "Glendale historic weather averages". Intellicast. Retrieved October 9, 2009. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 4, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2015. ^ Southern California Public Radio. "Glendale wins legal battle over monument to WW II 'comfort women'". Southern California Public Radio. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report: Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2016". ^ Kath, Laura, Forest Lawn: The first 100 years, Tropico Press, 2006 ^ "City of Glendale, CA — Library". Archived from the original on April 2, 2014. ^ "The 20,000 books ... on cats is the largest such collection in the world." Pitt, Leonard; Dale Pitt (1997). "Glendale". Los Angeles A to Z (1 ed.). Los Angeles: University of California Press. ^ News, Daily (August 3, 2013). "Avery Dennison moving its headquarters from Pasadena to Glendale". Los Angeles Daily News. ^ Landa, Jeff (February 1, 2017). "Nestlé to leave Jewel City". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 4, 2017. ^ Patten, Dominic (September 19, 2012). "Marvel Studios Heading to Walt Disney Backyard". Deadline.com. Retrieved December 29, 2012. ^ L.A. Times issue April 25, 2005[dead link] ^ Levine, Brittany (November 30, 2011). "Glendale to get 'animated' in image makeover". Glendale News-Press. Glendale, CA. Retrieved December 1, 2011. ^ "The Americana at Brand". Caruso Affiliated. Retrieved September 5, 2015. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Glendale city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. ^ "Southern California Association of Governments Demographic and Growth Forecast" (PDF). Southern California Association of Governments. Retrieved January 15, 2018. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. ^ McCormick, Chris (April 4, 2016). "The Armenian Community of Glendale, California". The Atlantic. Retrieved October 22, 2016. ^ a b Clifford, Frank; Roark, Anne C. (May 6, 1991). "Racial Lines in County Blur but Could Return : Population: Times study of census finds communities far more mixed. Some experts fear new ethnic divisions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 24, 2014. ^ Ryfle, Steve. "GLENDALE : Armenian Center to Celebrate Opening." Los Angeles Times. October 27, 1994. Retrieved on March 28, 2014. ^ Gettleman, Jeffrey. "Armenian Artists Stranded in Glendale." Los Angeles Times. February 6, 1999. Retrieved on March 28, 2014. ^ a b c Covarrubias, Amanda. "New Era for Glendale Armenians." Los Angeles Times. August 8, 2005. Retrieved on January 8, 2016. ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "U.S. Census Bureau – Ancestry:2010 – Glendale city, California". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 18, 2013. ^ "Armenian Population Up Valley, Glendale And Burbank Show Big Percentage Hikes". Thefreelibrary.com. September 8, 2002. Retrieved January 29, 2011. ^ Shields, Nicholas. "Armenians Will Hold a Majority on Glendale Council." Los Angeles Times. April 7, 2005. Retrieved March 28, 2014. ^ Levine, Brittany (April 26, 2012). "Glendale sees rise in Filipino population". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 17, 2017. ^ Mitchell, John L. (February 13, 1990). "Iranian Jews Find a Beverly Hills Refuge : Immigrants: Khomeini's revolution drove 40,000 of them into exile. At least 30,000 may live in or near the city that symbolizes wealth". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 22, 2016. ^ City of Glendale CAFR. Retrieved 2009-08-12. ^ "Glendale Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010. ^ "California's 28th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 18, 2014. ^ "City of Glendale, CA : Administration". glendaleca.gov. Archived from the original on January 25, 2015. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2015. ^ "City of Glendale, CA : Verdugo Fire History". glendaleca.gov. ^ http://www.glendaleca.gov/home/showdocument?id=18901 ^ Glendale News Press (November 13, 2014). "Jewel City shines in FBI report". latimes.com. ^ "These Are The 10 Safest Mid-Sized Cities In America". Movoto Blog. ^ "Vahan & Anoush Chamlian Armenian School". Chamlian.org. March 24, 2010. Retrieved January 29, 2011. ^ Carpio, Anthony Clark (December 5, 2016). "Proposed high-speed rail station would travel from Burbank to L.A. Union Station". Burbank Leader. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 February 2017. ^ Sager, Mike (2003). Scary Monsters and Super Freaks: Stories of Sex, Drugs, Rock 'n' Roll and Murder. Da Capo Press. pp. 11, 12. ISBN 9781560255635. ^ Schiller, Dawn. The Road Through Wonderland. p. 47, Ch 12. ^ Leahey, Andrew. "Ashlyne Huff – Biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved August 20, 2010. ^ Dan Miller (August 21, 2009). "Up Close with Julia Ann". AVN. Retrieved October 31, 2009. ^ Glick, Shav (October 20, 1987). "Auto Races Once Again Replacing Horse Races – Rex Mays' Death at Del Mar Track Is Not Forgotten". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 22, 2010. Mays, a handsome 6-footer who was born and raised in Riverside and spent most of his adult years in Glendale, ^ "Al Pollard Past Stats, Statistics, History, and Awards". DatabaseSports.com. 2006. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2009. ^ "Scott Radinsky Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 3, 2012. ^ "Rock singer arrested in Glendale on domestic assault warrant". ^ Schiller, Dawn (2009). The Road Through Wonderland: Surviving John Holmes. Medallion Press. ASIN B00CNWM7FE. ^ Glendale Sister City Program ^ Hicken, Melanie, "Mayor Returns from Korea", Glendale News Press, Glendale, August 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-31. ^ "'Jurassic World' back in S. Korea's Goseong". Yonhap News Agency, April 5, 2016. Retrieved 2017-08-10.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Glendale (California).
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Glendale, California.
Official website Glendale Chamber of Commerce
Places adjacent to Glendale, California
Sunland-Tujunga, Los Angeles La Crescenta-Montrose & La Cañada Altadena
Burbank & LA Zoo & Griffith Park
Atwater Village & Silver Lake, Los Angeles Atwater Village, Los Angeles Eagle Rock, Los Angeles
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Primary and secondary schools
Glendale Unified School District
Glendale High School Herbert Hoover High School
Holy Family High School
Glendale Community College Glendale Public Library
Alex Theatre Americana at Brand Forest Lawn Memorial Park Glendale Adventist Medical Center Glendale Galleria Glendale Transportation Center Grand Central Airport Holy Family Catholic Church
This list is incomplete.
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Municipalities and communities of Los Angeles County, California, United States
County seat: Los Angeles
Agoura Hills Alhambra Arcadia Artesia Avalon Azusa Baldwin Park Bell Bell Gardens Bellflower Beverly Hills Bradbury Burbank Calabasas Carson Cerritos Claremont Commerce Compton Covina Cudahy Culver City Diamond Bar Downey Duarte El Monte El Segundo Gardena Glendale Glendora Hawaiian Gardens Hawthorne Hermosa Beach Hidden Hills Huntington Park Industry Inglewood Irwindale La Cañada Flintridge La Habra Heights La Mirada La Puente La Verne Lakewood Lancaster Lawndale Lomita Long Beach Los Angeles Lynwood Malibu Manhattan Beach Maywood Monrovia Montebello Monterey Park Norwalk Palmdale Palos Verdes Estates Paramount Pasadena Pico Rivera Pomona Rancho Palos Verdes Redondo Beach Rolling Hills Rolling Hills Estates Rosemead San Dimas San Fernando San Gabriel San Marino Santa Clarita Santa Fe Springs Santa Monica Sierra Madre Signal Hill South El Monte South Gate South Pasadena Temple City Torrance Vernon Walnut West Covina West Hollywood Westlake Village Whittier
Acton Agua Dulce Alondra Park Altadena Avocado Heights Castaic Charter Oak Citrus Del Aire Desert View Highlands East Los Angeles East Pasadena East Rancho Dominguez East San Gabriel East Whittier Elizabeth Lake Florence-Graham Green Valley Hacienda Heights Hasley Canyon La Crescenta-Montrose Ladera Heights Lake Hughes Lake Los Angeles Lennox Leona Valley Littlerock Marina del Rey Mayflower Village North El Monte Quartz Hill Rose Hills Rowland Heights San Pasqual South Monrovia Island South San Gabriel South San Jose Hills South Whittier Stevenson Ranch Sun Village Topanga Val Verde Valinda View Park-Windsor Hills Vincent Walnut Park West Athens West Carson West Puente Valley West Rancho Dominguez West Whittier-Los Nietos Westmont Willowbrook
Agoura Alla Alpine Alsace Altacanyada Andrade Corner Antelope Acres Antelope Center Athens Aurant Bassett Big Pines Boiling Point Castaic Junction City Terrace Cornell Del Sur Del Valle Firestone Park Florence Gorman Hillgrove Hi Vista Indian Springs Juniper Hills Kagel Canyon Kinneloa Mesa Largo Vista Llano Malibu Vista Monte Nido Neenach Ninetynine Oaks Pearblossom Rancho Dominguez Red Box Sand Canyon Sandberg Seminole Hot Springs Three Points Two Harbors Universal City Valyermo
Achois Acuragna Ahapchingas Alpine Alyeupkigna Awigna Azucsagna Bairdstown Bartolo Cahuenga Chandler Chokishgna Chowigna Clayton Cow Springs Cucamonga Desert Relief Eldoradoville Evergreen Falling Springs Fort Tejon Gaspur Guirardo Hahamongna Harasgna Holland Summit Hollands Holton Honmoyausha Houtgna Hyperion Isanthcogna Juyubit King's Station Kowanga Las Tunas Lyons Station Machado Malibu Mar Vista Maugna Mentryville Motordrome Mud Spring Nacaugna Oberg Okowvinjha Palisades Del Rey Pasinogna Petroleopolis Pimocagna Pubugna Quapa Savannah Saway-yanga Sibagna Sisitcanogna Soledad Sulphur Springs Sonagna Suangna Takuyumam Toviseanga Toybipet Tuyunga Virgenes Wahoo Walton Place Widow Smith's Station Wilsona
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Cities and towns 100k−200k
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Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in California
Eric Garcetti (Los Angeles) Kevin Faulconer (San Diego) Sam Liccardo (San Jose) Mark Farrell (San Francisco) Lee Brand (Fresno) Darrell Steinberg (Sacramento) Robert Garcia (Long Beach) Libby Schaaf (Oakland) Karen Goh (Bakersfield) Tom Tait (Anaheim) Miguel A. Pulido (Santa Ana) Rusty Bailey (Riverside) Michael Tubbs (Stockton) Mary Salas (Chula Vista) Don Wagner (Irvine) Lily Mei (Fremont) R. Carey Davis (San Bernardino) Garrad Marsh (Modesto) Acquanetta Warren (Fontana) Tim Flynn (Oxnard) Jesse Molina (Moreno Valley)* Mike Posey (Huntington Beach)* Paula Devine (Glendale)* Laurene Weste (Santa Clarita)* Jim Wood (Oceanside) Steven R. Jones (Garden Grove) L. Dennis Michael (Rancho Cucamonga) John Sawyer (Santa Rosa)* Paul S. Leon (Ontario) Gary Davis (Elk Grove) Eugene Montanez (Corona)* R. Rex Parris (Lancaster) James C. Ledford Jr. (Palmdale) Barbara Halliday (Hayward) Joe Gunter (Salinas) Elliot Rothman (Pomona) Jim Griffith (Sunnyvale) Sam Abed (Escondido) Patrick J. Furey (Torrance) Terry Tornek (Pasadena) Teresa Smith (Orange) Greg Sebourn (Fullerton)* Carol Garcia (Roseville) Steve Nelsen (Visalia) Al Adam (Thousand Oaks)* Edi E. Birsan (Concord)* Bob Huber (Simi Valley) Jamie L. Matthews (Santa Clara) Gloria Garcia (Victorville) Bob Sampayan (Vallejo) Jesse Arreguín (Berkeley) Andre Quintero (El Monte) Sean Ashton (Downey)* Matt Hall (Carlsbad) Stephen Mensinger (Costa Mesa)* Harry T. Price (Fairfield) Jeff Comerchero (Temecula) James T. Butts Jr. (Inglewood) Wade Harper (Antioch) Harry Ramos (Murrieta) Cheryl Heitmann (Ventura)* Tom Butt (Richmond) Fredrick Sykes (West Covina)* Jennifer Perez (Norwalk)* Raymond A. Buenaventura (Daly City) Bob Frutos (Burbank)* Alice Patino (Santa Maria) Nathan Magsig (Clovis)* Bill Wells (El Cajon) Maureen Freschet (San Mateo)* Judy Ritter (Vista) Brad Hancock (Jurupa Valley)
^* Mayor selected from