Glasgow Prestwick Airport () is an international airport
serving the west of Scotland, situated northeast of the town of Prestwick
in South Ayrshire
and from Glasgow
It is the less busy of the two airports serving the area, the busier one being Glasgow Airport
, which is within the Greater Glasgow conurbation itself, in the town of Paisley
. The airport serves the urban cluster surrounding Ayr
, including Kilmarnock
, Irvine, Ardrossan
Glasgow Prestwick is Scotland's fifth-busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic, after Edinburgh
, although it is the largest in terms of land area. Passenger traffic peaked at 2.4 million in 2007 following a decade of rapid growth, driven in part by the boom in low-cost carrier
s, particularly Ryanair
, which uses the airport as an operating base. In recent years, passenger traffic has declined; around 670,000 passengers passed through the airport in 2016.
Passenger facilities were added in 1938. These were used until further investment made Prestwick compatible with jet transportation. The October 1946 USAAF diagram shows runway 14/32 with runway 8/26 crossing just west of its midpoint. In 1958, runway 13/31 was long; in May 1960, the runway's extension to opened.
A parallel taxiway
, link road and an all-new terminal building were opened by the Queen Mother
in 1964. The extension of Runway 13/31 caused considerable disruption to road users, for the main road from Monkton into Prestwick now crossed the tarmac of the runway. This was controlled by a "level crossing" system until a new perimeter road was completed.
In 1945, regular transatlantic
commercial flights began between Prestwick and New York
In the Second World War
controlled trans-Atlantic flights from Prestwick.
Until February 2016 part of the Prestwick site was occupied by the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm
with RNAS Prestwick
, officially known by the Royal Navy as HMS ''Gannet''
, where a detachment of three Sea Kings
provided a search and rescue
role, covering one of the largest SAR areas of the UK including Ben Nevis, the Lakes, Northern Ireland and past the Irish coast. Additionally, Gannet SAR provided a medical evacuation service to the Scottish island communities. Personnel at the base numbered 15 officers, 11 ratings, 28 civil servants and 50 civilian staff. The crews regularly featured as part of the popular Channel 5
documentary series ''Highland Emergency
''. 2009 saw the unit break a new record as they were tasked to 447 call-outs, 20% of the UK's total military SAR call outs for 2009 and making them, for the second year in succession, the busiest Search & Rescue base in the UK.
There was controversy over the airport's use in the CIA's extraordinary rendition
flights, as aircraft had used the airport as a stop-over point. Since November 2013, when the Scottish government took control of the facility, service contracts have been established with the USAF
, Defense Logistics Agency
and National Guard
Elvis Presley stopover
Glasgow Prestwick Airport is the only place in the United Kingdom where Elvis Presley
(who had distant Scottish ancestry) was known to have set foot, when the United States Air Force
transport plane carrying him home to the United States
stopped to refuel in 1960, en route from Germany
However, on 21 April 2008, during a BBC Radio 2
interview with Ken Bruce
, theatre impresario and chairman of Everton FC
, Bill Kenwright
, said that Elvis actually spent a day in the UK being shown around London
by Tommy Steele
1992 marked the beginning of a renaissance for the struggling airport when purchased by "Canadian entrepreneur" Matthew Hudson in a "dramatic rescue".
Hudson initiated the construction of the airport's railway station
on the existing Ayrshire Coast Line
(Glasgow–Ayr), which runs past the airfield, making it the first Scottish airport with its own railway station. In her book about Prestwick Airport, South Ayrshire councillor Ann Galbraith writes about this tough time in the airport's history, saying that "if it hadn't been for Matthew Hudson the airport wouldn't be here today".
In 1994, Irish budget airline Ryanair
opened a route to the airport from Dublin
, followed by a second route in 1995 to London Stansted
. In 1998, a third route to Paris-Beauvais
was introduced and the airport was sold by Hudson to the Scottish transport company Stagecoach Group
In 2001, the airport was purchased by Infratil
, a New Zealand company and majority owner of Wellington International Airport
. Infratil also owned Manston Airport
until November 2013. Manston was sold to a shell company owned by Ann Gloag
, a co-founder of Stagecoach
, Prestwick's previous owner. In April 2005, Infratil completed a major refurbishment of the terminal building, and rebranded
the airport using the phrase "pure dead brilliant", taken straight from the Glasgow patter
. Some of the rebranding has been controversial, in particular the redecoration of the airport bar. The bar was rebranded in February 2006 with a logo depicting a man in a kilt
, unconscious with an empty bottle of whisky
Despite objections that it promoted the wrong image of Scotland to foreign visitors and embarrassed local travellers, the airport management insisted the logo was "fun and visually stimulating". However, it was removed a matter of weeks after installation, after the South Ayrshire Licensing Board said the logo trivialised excessive drinking. The "pure dead brilliant" branding was removed from the main terminal building in January 2014.
Since 2007, the airport has occasionally been used by the BBC
TV programme ''Top Gear
'' as the location for various stunts and experiments. The best-known stunt was a scene similar to one featured in the film ''Casino Royale
'' and featured both a Ford Mondeo
and a Citroën 2CV
parked behind the engines of a Virgin Atlantic Boeing 747-400
, in an experiment to investigate whether the thrust from the aircraft's four jet engines really could lift a car off the ground.
The car park and A79
outside the terminal building have been reconstructed to comply with governmental
movement and access restrictions mandated in the aftermath of the Glasgow International Airport terrorist attack
. According to a 2008 Master Plan, the departure lounge is at capacity and congested during peak operations. The plan proposes "a central pier that provides adequate circulation and waiting space prior to boarding the aircraft" to cope with a continuing increase in passenger departures.
On 8 March 2012, the airport owner Infratil announced that it planned to sell the airfield. The airport remained unsold until October 2013 when the Scottish Government
announced it was in negotiations to take the airport back into public ownership
Subsequently, the Scottish Government
bought the airport on 22 November 2013 for , Infratil having incurred annual losses of £2,000,000. It is expected that the airport will continue to operate as normal and there will be no job losses. Then-Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
told BBC Scotland
that work would now begin for "turning Prestwick around and making it a viable enterprise".
On 1 April 2014, the public petition committee at Holyrood
heard that ''The Robert Burns World Federation
'' wished to rename the airport to Robert Burns
International Airport. In June 2014, Ryanair announced the relocation of some routes from Prestwick to Glasgow International Airport
by October 2014; included among them were flights to Warsaw
In November 2014 Donald Trump
signed a partnership agreement with Prestwick making it the Scottish base for all Trump Aviation Operations, in order to service his Trump Turnberry
golf resort 20 miles away.
As part of the privatisation of the UK's search and rescue service, Bristow Helicopters
based two Sikorsky S-92
helicopters in a new hangar at HMS ''Gannet''
. The handover took place in January 2016. In March 2016, the airport revealed new branding and a new look to the inside and outside of the airport building.
In 2015, Glasgow Prestwick Airport was shortlisted as a potential UK Spaceport
, as part of the British commercial spaceport competition
In June 2019, the Scottish government announced that it was putting the airport up for sale. Bidders would be expected to commit to maintaining and developing aviation operations and employment.
In February 2021, the Scottish government announced that a preferred bidder had been selected to buy the airport. The unnamed bidder is believed to be a European transport infrastructure investor.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Prestwick:
Prestwick airport is the only airport in Scotland with its own railway station, Prestwick International Airport railway station
, built by the airport in 1994. The station is connected to the terminal by an enclosed walkway over the A79 road
, and platforms are accessed by stairs, escalators and lifts. The station building continues to be owned and operated by the Airport, and not by Network Rail
. The track through the station itself remains the responsibility of Network Rail.
Prestwick Airport used to host a bi-annual airshow
, the first of which was held on 30 September 1967. While very small in scale compared to such shows as RAF Fairford
, the Scottish air show attracted up to 100,000 spectators to Prestwick in its heyday in the 1980s.
The Scottish Airshow was first held on 6 and 7 September; an air display was held at the Low green at Ayr Seafront and a static display on 7 September at the airport. The event included appearances by the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight, including the only two flying Avro Lancaster bombers, and the last airworthy Avro Vulcan bomber, famous for being part of the UK's Nuclear "V Force" bomber fleet. The second Scottish Airshow was held on 5 and 6 September 2015.
Incidents and accidents
*Early on 25 December 1954, at 0330 hours, a British Overseas Airways Corporation Boeing 377 Stratocruiser crashed
on landing at Prestwick, killing 28 of the 36 passengers and crew on board. The aircraft had been en route from London to New York City, when, on approach to Prestwick, it entered a steep descent before levelling out too late and too severely, hitting the ground short of the runway. The crash has been attributed to a number of factors, including: pilot fatigue (the Captain was well over his duty limit due to the aircraft being delayed); the landing lights at Prestwick being out of action due to repair; and the First Officer either not hearing a command from the Captain for landing lights (which might have helped judge the low cloud base) or mistakenly hitting the flaps, causing the aircraft to stall.
*On 15 June 2013, an EgyptAir
flight from Cairo bound for JFK Airport was diverted to Prestwick Airport under RAF escort due to a terror threat. The incident was similar to those mentioned above, where a note was found on board threatening to 'set the plane on fire'. Roads surrounding the airport were closed as police dealt with the incident.
* Orangefield House, South Ayrshire
– the former control tower
* Fail Monastery
– remains of used as foundations for the airport
The 1938 Palace of Engineering
Category:Aircraft assembly plants in the United Kingdom
Category:Airports established in 1934
Category:1934 establishments in Scotland
Category:Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command on the North Atlantic Route
Category:Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces in the United Kingdom
Category:Airports in Scotland
Category:Manufacturing plants in Scotland
Category:Public corporations of the Scottish Government
Category:Transport in South Ayrshire