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Gladys Amanda Reichard (born 17 July 1893 at Bangor, Pennsylvania; died 25 July 1955 at Flagstaff, Arizona) was an American anthropologist and linguist. She is considered one of the most important woman to have studied Native American languages in the first half of the twentieth century. She is best known for her studies of three different Native American languages: Wiyot, Coeur d'Alene and Navajo.[1][2][3] Biography[edit] Reichard received her bachelor's degree from Swarthmore College
Swarthmore College
in 1919 and her master's degree from the same institution in 1920.[4] She started fieldwork on Wiyot in 1922 under the supervision of A.L. Kroeber of the University of California-Berkeley.[4] Reichard attended Columbia University
Columbia University
for her PhD, which she earned in 1925 for her grammar of Wiyot, written under Franz Boas.[4][5] In 1923, she took up a position as Instructor in Anthropology at Barnard College. She was made full professor in 1951 and remained at Barnard until her death in 1955.[6] This was for many years the only Department of Anthropology at an undergraduate women's college, and a number of women anthropologists were trained by her.[7] In 1927 and 1929, Reichard recorded oral histories in the Coeur d'Alene language, many of which focus on the trickster figure Coyote.[8] Her unpublished field notes as well as typed manuscripts of these field sessions have been catalogued by the Coeur d'Alene Online Language Resource Center (COLRC) and published by the University of Indiana Archives of the Languages of the World.[8][9] They form the basis for modern linguistic studies of Coeur d'Alene, such as Bischoff (2011).[10] Reichard first did fieldwork on Navajo with Pliny Earle Goddard in 1923.[11] Beginning in the mid 1930s and continuing into the 1950s, she focused on the study of Navajo language
Navajo language
and religion and is recognized as one of the most important woman anthropologists to have studied with the Navajo. During the 1940s, she undertook a broader analysis of Navajo language, belief system, and religious practice which culminated in the two volume study, Navaho Religion, published in 1950 by the Bollingen Foundation.[12] An extensive collection of her notes on Navajo ethnology and language is held by the Museum of Northern Arizona.[13] Honors and Service[edit] Reichard received a Guggenheim fellowship in 1926.[14] Over the course of her career, she served as secretary for the American Ethnological Society, the American Folk-Lore Society, the Linguistic Circle of New York, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.[15][16] References[edit]

^ "Reichard, Gladys (1893–1955)". Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Reference. 2006.  ^ Falk, Julia S. (1999). History of Linguistics 1996. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 111–118. ISBN 9781556192135.  ^ Falk, Julia S. (1999). Women, Language and Linguistics: Three American Stories from the First Half of the Twentieth Century. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415133159.  ^ a b c Babcock, Barbara A.; Parezo, Nancy J. (1988). Daughters of the Desert: Women Anthropologists and the Native American Southwest, 1880-1980. University of New Mexico Press. p. 47. ISBN 0826310877.  ^ "Gladys Armanda Reichard" (PDF). American Anthropologist. 58: 913–916. 1956. doi:10.1525/aa.1956.58.5.02a00100/asset/aa.1956.58.5.02a00100.pdf.  ^ "Gladys A. Reichard Barnard College". barnard.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ "Gladys Armanda Reichard" (PDF). American Anthropologist. 58: 913–916. 1956. doi:10.1525/aa.1956.58.5.02a00100/asset/aa.1956.58.5.02a00100.pdf.  ^ a b "Texts". Coeur d'Alene Online Language Resource Center. Coeur d'Alene Online Language Resource Center. 2009. Retrieved 1 Dec 2016.  ^ "Gladys Reichard". www.webpages.uidaho.edu. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ Bischoff, Shannon (2011). Formal Notes on Coeur d'Alene Clause Structure. Cambridge Scholars. ISBN 9781443824590.  ^ Lavender, Catherine (2006). Scientists and Storytellers: Feminist Anthropologists and the Construction of the American Southwest. University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 978-0826338686.  ^ " Gladys Reichard - Anthropology - iResearchNet". anthropology.iresearchnet.com. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ "Gladys A. Reichard collection, 1883-1984". www.azarchivesonline.org. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ Gladys Amanda Reichard - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation ^ "Gladys A. Reichard collection, 1883-1984". www.azarchivesonline.org. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ Women Anthropologists: Selected Biographies. University of Illinois Press. 1989. ISBN 978-0252060847. 

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61145857781923020313 LCCN: n50050898 ISNI: 0000 0000 8359 0990 GND: 122078926 SUDOC: 033250464 BNF: cb12413575b (data) SNAC: w6j697f0

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