GIZA (/ˈɡiːzə/ ; sometimes spelled Gizah or Jizah; Coptic :
ⲅⲓⲍⲁ Giza; Egyptian Arabic : الجيزة el-Gīza), is
the third-largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the
Nile , 5 km (3 mi) southwest of central
Cairo . Along with Cairo
Shubra El-Kheima ,
6th October City and Obour ,
the five form Greater
The city of
Giza is the capital of the
Giza Governorate , and is
located near the northeast border of this governorate in coordinates.
It is located right on the banks of the River
Nile . The city's
population was 2,681,863 in the 2006 national census, while the
governorate had 6,272,571 at the same census. Its large population
made it the world\'s second largest suburb in 2006, tied with Incheon
, South Korea and
Quezon City , Philippines, second only to
Giza is most famous as the location of the
Giza Plateau : the site of
some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, including
a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures,
Great Sphinx , the
Great Pyramid of Giza
Great Pyramid of Giza , and a number
of other large pyramids and temples.
Giza has always been a focal
point in Egypt's history due to its location close to Memphis , the
ancient Pharaonic capital of the Old Kingdom. Its St. George cathedral
is the episcopal see of the
Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Giza . The
Great Pyramid of Giza
Great Pyramid of Giza at one time was advocated (1884) as the location
Prime Meridian , a reference point used for determining a base
* 1 Overview
* 2 History
* 2.1 Ancient era
* 2.2 Classical to medieval era
* 3 Infrastructure
* 3.1 Health
* 3.2 Transportation
* 4 Districts and neighbourhoods
* 5 Climate
* 6 Economy
* 6.1 International access
* 7 Education
* 8 Sports
* 9 Notable locals
* 10 Twin towns and sister cities
* 11 See also
* 12 References
* 13 External links
"Mn Nefer " (Memphis, in Greek ), which means "the beautiful wall" in
Egyptian language , the capital city of the first unified
Egyptian state since the days of
Narmer , lies nearly 20 km
(12.43 mi) south of Giza. Giza's most famous archaeological site, the
Giza Plateau , holds some major monuments of Egyptian history . Once
thriving with the
Nile that flowed right into the
Giza Plateau, the
Giza were built overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital
city of Memphis , across the river from modern day
Cairo . The Giza
Plateau is also home to Egyptian monuments such as the tomb of Pharaoh
Djet of the First Dynasty , as well as that of
Ninetjer of the
Second Dynasty .
The area in what is now
Giza served as the necropolis of several
pharaohs who ruled ancient
Egypt , during the 2nd millennium BC. Three
of these tombs, in the form of giant pyramids, are what is now the
Pyramids of Giza .
CLASSICAL TO MEDIEVAL ERA
Egypt passed under several conquests under the Persians,
Greeks, Romans and Byzantines, so did the area in what is now Giza. A
Byzantine village named Teresa, located south of Giza, existed before
the Muslim conquest of the region.
Muslims of the fledging
Islamic caliphate went on with their
Egypt from the Byzantine Empire beginning in 639 AD, three
years after their victory at the battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD, they
conquered all of the land by the time they have captured the city of
Alexandria in 641 AD. A year later in 642 AD (year 21 in Islamic
calendar), they founded the city of Giza. Its name, al-Jizzah in
Arabic, means "the valley" or "the plateau", pertaining to the area's
Giza has seen many changes over time. Changes in infrastructure
during the different occupations of
Egypt by various rulers, including
the British in the 18th and early 20th century, focused on the
construction of roads , streets, and buildings in the area.
Giza is a
thriving centre of Egyptian culture and is quite heavily populated,
with many facilities and buildings in the current area.
Giza saw much
attention in particular to its vast amount of ancient Egyptian
monuments found on the
Giza Plateau , and has astonished thousands of
visitors and tourists over the years. Giza's infrastructure saw much
attention from both the British government prior to the 1952 coup
d'état, as well as the current Egyptian government due to the city's
importance in tourism.
The city hosts the first zoo on the entire African continent and one
of the oldest in the
Mediterranean region, the
Giza Zoo . In addition,
there are several parks, the most famous among them is Orman Park ,
which means "Forest Park" in the
Turkish language .
Giza has advanced level of medical care just like its elder twin
A list of famous hospitals in Giza:
* Agooza in
* Al Salam in
* Badran in
* El Safa.
* Haram Hospital in Haram.
* El Shoruk Hospital.
Cairo Medical Lab
In addition to hospitals there are numerous medical facilities,
private clinics, medical check laboratories etc.
Giza comprises an extensive road network, rail
system, subway system, and maritime services. Road transport is
facilitated by personal vehicles, taxi cabs, privately owned public
buses and microbuses.
Giza shares with
Cairo a subway system, officially called the "Metro
(مترو)", a fast and efficient way of getting around. An extensive
road network connects
6th of October City ,
Cairo and other
cities. There are flyovers and bridges such as the 15th
is known to be overwhelming and overcrowded.
DISTRICTS AND NEIGHBOURHOODS
Dokki District: 93,660 93,025
Agouza District: 174,460 162,851
Giza District : 180,568 246,325, Kism Al Jizah 238,567 248,897
* Bulaq ad Dakrur : 453,884 564,791
Imbabah : 287,357 389,049, Kism
Imbabah 523,265 597,160
* Haram District : 200,076 295,704
* Kafr Tuhurmus
The centre of the city is
Giza Square .
Giza Pyramids .
Giza experiences a hot desert climate like arid climate (Köppen :
BWh). Its climate is similar to Cairo, owing to its proximity. Wind
storms can be frequent across
Egypt in spring, bringing Saharan dust
into the city during the months of March and April. High temperatures
in winter range from 16 °C (61 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F), while
nighttime lows drop to below 7 °C (45 °F). In summer, the highs are
40 °C (104 °F), and the lows can drop to about 20 °C (68 °F). Rain
is infrequent in Giza; snow and freezing temperatures are extremely
Up to August 2013, the highest recorded temperature was 46 °C (115
°F) on 13 June 1965, while the lowest recorded temperature was 2 °C
(36 °F) on 8 January 1966.
CLIMATE DATA FOR GIZA
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures
Industries here include movies, chemicals , machinery and cigarettes.
Giza has many luxury apartment buildings along the
making it a popular place to live.
Access to the city of Giza, which has its own governorate adjacent to
Cairo , is dependent on the
Airport . Another local airport is found in Giza, called the Imbaba
Airport , but recently the Egyptian government has decided to shut
down the area and turn it into a cultural or an athletic area.
Giza's learning institutions include
Cairo University , which was
Giza in 1924. The city is a hub of education and educational
services not only for
Egypt but also for the entire Mediterranean
Giza has numerous schools, kindergartens, and institutes of
Cairo Japanese School , a Japanese international school, is in
Deutsche Evangelische Oberschule , a German international
school, is located in
Dokki in Giza. Previously the Pakistan
International School of
Cairo had its campus in Giza.
The city hosts the second most successful club in
Egypt and Africa,
El Zamalek , which is located in the
Meet Okba neighbourhood near the
Mohandesin neighbourhood. Beside
El Zamalek there are other clubs like
Tersana and Seid Shooting Club which is one of the elite clubs in
Ahmed Dowidar , football team player
TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES
Los Angeles , United States
Bergen , Norway
Rinkeby , Stockholm, Sweden
Bandar Seri Begawan ,
Pyramids of Giza
List of Egyptian pyramids
List of megalithic sites
* ^ "The Canary Islands and the Question of the Prime Meridian: The
Search for Precision in the Measurement of the Earth", Wilcomb E.
* ^ موسوعة " القاموس الجغرافى للبلاد
المصرية " – محمد رمزى بك (قسم ثانى ج3 –
ص4): مركز وثائق وتاريخ مصر المعاصر
الهيئة المصرية العامةللكتاب ط 1994
* ^ جغرافية مصر في العصر القبطى –
الفرنسى أميلينو : الهيئة المصرية
العامة للكتاب2013 ترجمة ميخائيل مكسى
إسكندر – استدراكات العلامة محمد رمزى
على الكتاب في الجزء الثالث من ص 274: نشر
المعهد العلمى الفرنسى
* ^ A B "El-Giza, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
* ^ "Climate:
Giza – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate
table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
* ^ Home (Archive).
Cairo Japanese School . Retrieved on 2 January
2014. "NAZLET EL BATRAN EL AHRAM GIZA, A.R.EGYPT"
* ^ "Kontakt."
Deutsche Evangelische Oberschule . Retrieved on 18
January 2015. "6, El
Dokki / Giza"
* ^ "Contact Us." Pakistan International School
Cairo . Retrieved
on 21 April 2015. "12 Midan Tehran, Dokki, Cairo."
Wikimedia Commons has media related to GIZA .
Giza travel guide from Wikivoyage
Giza with children travel guide from Wikivoyage
Egyptian cities and towns by population
1,000,000 AND MORE
Shubra El Kheima