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VIRGINIA MARIE "GINNI" ROMETTY (born July 29, 1957) is an American business executive. She is the current chairman , president , and CEO of IBM
IBM
, and the first woman to head the company. Prior to becoming president and CEO in January 2012, she held the positions of senior vice president and group executive for sales, marketing, and strategy at IBM. She joined IBM
IBM
as a systems engineer in its Detroit office in 1981.

Rometty's tenure as CEO has been marked by prestigious awards including by Bloomberg who named her among the 50 Most Influential People in the World , and Fortune naming her among the "50 Most Powerful Women in Business" for ten consecutive years. Her tenure as CEO has been met by criticism related to executive compensation and outsourcing, and IBM's 21 consecutive quarters of revenue decline.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 3 Boards and honors * 4 Criticism * 5 Personal life * 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION

Rometty graduated from the Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science at Northwestern University in 1979 with high honors, receiving a bachelor's degree in computer science and electrical engineering . Rometty was a member of the Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority, eventually serving as its president.

CAREER

After graduation in 1979, Rometty went to work for General Motors Institute ; in 1981, she joined IBM
IBM
as a systems engineer in its Detroit office. She joined IBM's Consulting Group in 1991. In 2002, she "championed the purchase of the big business consulting firm, PricewaterhouseCoopers Consulting, for $3.5 billion." Rometty became senior vice president and group executive for sales, marketing, and strategy in 2009 and is "credited with spearheading IBM's growth strategy by getting the company into the cloud computing and analytics businesses. She was also at the helm of readying Watson , the Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
playing computer, for commercial use."

On October 25, 2011, IBM
IBM
announced that she was to be the company's next president and CEO, with Sam Palmisano stepping down but retaining his position as chairman. Rometty's appointment marks the first time a woman has been CEO of IBM. Regarding her promotion, Palmisano stated, "Ginni got it because she deserved it... It’s got zero to do with progressive social policies."

On September 26, 2012, IBM
IBM
announced that Rometty was taking on the added role of chairman of IBM, as Samuel Palmisano prepared to retire at the end of 2012. Rometty commenced her duty as chairman, president, and CEO of IBM
IBM
on October 1, 2012. One of her goals is to focus company efforts on the cloud and cognitive computing systems, such as Watson.

On March 17, 2017, Rometty, who is a part of a White House business-advisory council under the Trump Administration , was included in a business leaders' symposium during German Chancellor Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
's visit to Washington .

BOARDS AND HONORS

Rometty serves on the Council on Foreign Relations
Council on Foreign Relations
; the Board of Trustees of her alma mater Northwestern University; the Board of Overseers and Board of Managers of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center ; and is a council member at the Latin America Conservation Council, a subsidiary of The Nature Conservancy . She also served on the Board of Directors of AIG from 2006 until 2009.

In 2014, Rometty was featured in the PBS
PBS
documentary The Boomer List. Also that year, she became the third female member of the Augusta National Golf Club. She has received honorary doctoral degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
(2014) and Northwestern University (2015).

In Fortune's September 15, 2015 issue, Rometty ranked 3rd on their Most Powerful Women List.

Named the 11th most powerful woman on the 2016 Forbes list: The World\'s 100 Most Powerful Women .

CRITICISM

Over Rometty's tenure as CEO she has been met by increasing criticism, most notably a confrontation with Mark Cuban, who said she had lacked vision, with IBM
IBM
losing revenue now for 20 consecutive quarters in a row. IBM
IBM
employees have also criticized her for taking pay bonuses despite massive layoffs of IBM
IBM
employees, and poor performance. Rometty has been named among the worst CEO's by several publications including the Motley Fool, 24/7 Wallstreet, Forbes, and the Wall Street Journal.

PERSONAL LIFE

Rometty is married to Mark Anthony Rometty, a principal investor in the Bam Oil Company. The couple has no children.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Virginia Rometty". prezi.com. Retrieved 16 July 2014. * ^ Waters, Richard. "More than a big smile on Big Blue’s face". October 28, 2011. Financial Times . Retrieved 16 July 2014. * ^ http://www.businessinsider.com/ibm-paid-rometty-193-million-in-2014-2015-3?IR=T * ^ Aluise, Susan J. (May 10, 2012). "America’s 10 Most Powerful Female CEOs". InvestorPlace. Retrieved 10 July 2014. * ^ Barnett, Megan (November 14, 2011). "Buffett goes big in Big Blue". Fortune . Retrieved 10 July 2014. * ^ A B " IBM
IBM
Names Rometty to Succeed Palmisano as First Female CEO". Bloomberg BusinessWeek . 25 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. * ^ A B "IBM’s Ginni Rometty
Ginni Rometty
Completes Her Ascent by Adding Chairman
Chairman
Role". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 September 2012. * ^ Forbes magazine's "World's 100 Most Powerful People" in 2014."The world\'s 100 most powerful". Forbes. * ^ Time 100
Time 100
in 2012,Mayer, Marissa (18 April 2012). "The 100 Most Influential People in the World". Time. Retrieved 18 April 2012. * ^ 50 Most Influential list of Bloomberg Markets
Bloomberg Markets
magazine in September 2012 * ^ "Ginni Rometty". Fortune . 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. * ^ "Ginni Rometty". Fortune . * ^ "CEO\'s who have to go". 24/7 Wall Street. * ^ "Fortune Magazine". Gets a Raise Despite Tumbling Stock Price. * ^ "Mark Cuban Slams IBM: It\'s \'No Longer A Tech Company. They Have No Vision.\'". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-04-21. * ^ "NU appoints 5 new members to Board of Trustees". Northwestern University . June 25, 2010. Archived from the original on June 29, 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-26. * ^ Hempel, Jessi (8 October 2012). "IBM\'s Ginni Rometty
Ginni Rometty
looks ahead". Fortune . * ^ A B C " IBM
IBM
Names Virginia Rometty as First Female CEO". Wired. October 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-26. * ^ A B "I.B.M. Names Virginia Rometty as New Chief Executive". The New York Times . October 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-26. * ^ " IBM
IBM
CEO Sam Palmisano to step down". CNN
CNN
. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. * ^ A B Bellstrom, Kristen (September 15, 2015). "Fortune's Most Powerful Women List". Fortune. * ^ "Women\'s pay (discussed) with Trump at White House
White House
(diversity and manufacturing-training) meeting". CNBC. March 17, 2017. Retrieved 2017-03-18. * ^ "2010 Annual Report" (PDF). Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center . Retrieved 2011-10-26. * ^ "LACC Members". Latin America Conservation Council website. The Nature Conservancy . Retrieved 25 April 2014. * ^ IBM\'s Rometty Breaks Ground as Company\'s First Female Leader. Bloomberg BusinessWeek, 26 October 2011. * ^ "The Boomer List". PBS
PBS
. pp. Rometty starting at 1 hr 6 min. Retrieved 9 October 2014. * ^ "Virginia Rometty becomes 3rd female member of Augusta National - ESPN". ESPN.com. Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ " Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute