Gilpin County is a county
located in the U.S. state
, smallest in land area behind only the City and County of Broomfield
. As of the 2010 census
, the population was 5,441.
The county seat
is Central City
The county was formed in 1861, while Colorado was still a Territory
, and was named after Colonel William Gilpin
the first territorial
Gilpin County is part of the Denver
, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area
According to the U.S. Census Bureau
, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (0.2%) is water.
It is the second-smallest county by area in Colorado.
* Boulder County
* Jefferson County
* Clear Creek County
* Grand County
* State Highway 46
* State Highway 72
* State Highway 119
* Central City Parkway
National protected areas
*Arapaho National Forest
*James Peak Wilderness
*Roosevelt National Forest
State protected area
*Golden Gate Canyon State Park
Scenic trail and byway
*Continental Divide National Scenic Trail
*Peak to Peak Scenic and Historic Byway
At the 2000 census
there were 4,757 people, 2,043 households, and 1,264 families in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2
). There were 2,929 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km2
). The racial makeup
of the county was 94.37% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 2,043 households 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.10% were non-families. 26.80% of households were one person and 3.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.
The age distribution was 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 37.40% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.10 males.
The median household income was $51,942 and the median family income was $61,859. Males had a median income of $38,560 versus $30,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,148. About 1.00% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line
, including 1.40% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.
(also in Boulder and Jefferson counties)
*Central City/Black Hawk Historic District
*Outline of Colorado
*Index of Colorado-related articles
*Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory
*Montana County, Jefferson Territory
*Colorado census statistical areas
*Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area
*Front Range Urban Corridor
*Hidee Gold Mine
*National Register of Historic Places listings in Gilpin County, Colorado
Gilpin County Government websiteColorado Historical Society
Category:1861 establishments in Colorado Territory
Category:Populated places established in 1861