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Gilda Susan Radner (June 28, 1946 – May 20, 1989) was an American comedian, writer, actress, and one of seven original cast members of the NBC
NBC
sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(SNL). In her routines, Radner specialized in parodies of television stereotypes, such as advice specialists and news anchors. She also portrayed those characters in her highly successful one-woman show on Broadway in 1979. Radner's SNL work established her as an iconic figure in the history of American comedy. She died from ovarian cancer in 1989. Her autobiography dealt frankly with her life, work, and personal struggles, including those with the illness. Her widower, Gene Wilder, carried out her personal wish that information about her illness would help other cancer victims, founding and inspiring organizations that emphasize early diagnosis, hereditary factors and support for cancer victims.

Contents

1 Early life

1.1 College and eating disorder

2 Career

2.1 Saturday Night Live 2.2 Work in theater, a record album and her first movie

3 Marriage to Gene Wilder 4 Illness

4.1 Remission 4.2 Illness and death

5 Legacy 6 Awards and honors 7 Filmography

7.1 Television 7.2 Films

8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Radner was born in Detroit, Michigan, to Jewish parents, Henrietta (née Dworkin), a legal secretary, and Herman Radner, a businessman.[1][2] Through her mother, Radner was a second cousin of business executive Steve Ballmer.[3] She grew up in Detroit
Detroit
with a nanny, Elizabeth Clementine Gillies, whom she called "Dibby" (and on whom she based her famous character Emily Litella),[4] and an older brother named Michael. She attended the exclusive University Liggett School in Detroit
Detroit
(it began its relocation to Grosse Pointe
Grosse Pointe
later that year). Toward the end of her life, Radner wrote in her autobiography, It's Always Something, that during her childhood and young adulthood, she battled numerous eating disorders: "I coped with stress by having every possible eating disorder from the time I was nine years old. I have weighed as much as 160 pounds and as little as 93. When I was a kid, I overate constantly. My weight distressed my mother and she took me to a doctor who put me on Dexedrine diet pills when I was ten years old."[5] Radner was close to her father, who operated Detroit's Seville Hotel, where many nightclub performers and actors stayed while performing in the city.[6] He took her on trips to New York to see Broadway shows.[7] As Radner wrote in It's Always Something, when she was 12, her father developed a brain tumor, and the symptoms began so suddenly that he told people his eyeglasses were too tight.[8] Within days, he was bedridden and unable to communicate, and remained in that condition until his death two years later.[8] College and eating disorder[edit] Radner graduated from Liggett and enrolled at the University of Michigan
Michigan
at Ann Arbor in 1964. While at the university, she made a lifelong platonic friend of fellow student David Saltman, who wrote a biography of her after her death. Saltman and his girlfriend took Radner along on a trip to Paris in the summer of 1966. According to Saltman, he was so affectionate with his girlfriend that they left Radner to fend for herself during much of their sightseeing.[6] Radner was nervous and upset about gaining weight from the French cuisine, but Saltman paid little attention at the time.[6] Twenty years later, when details of Radner's eating disorder were reported in a book about Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
by Doug Hill and Jeff Weingrad,[9] Saltman had a strong emotional reaction. He realized that in 1966 she had been unable to discuss with anyone her eating disorder and its impact on their trip to France.[6] (The book by Hill and Weingrad was published and received much media coverage during a period when Radner was consulting various doctors in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
about her symptoms of illness that turned out to be cancer.) Career[edit] In Ann Arbor, Radner dropped out in her senior year[10] to follow her boyfriend, Canadian sculptor Jeffrey Rubinoff, to Toronto, where she made her professional acting debut in the 1972 production of Godspell with future stars Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, Victor Garber, Martin Short, and Paul Shaffer. Afterward, Radner joined The Second City comedy troupe in Toronto. Radner was a featured player on the National Lampoon Radio Hour, a comedy program syndicated to some 600 U.S. radio stations from 1974 to 1975. Fellow cast members included John Belushi,[11] Chevy Chase,[11] Richard Belzer, Bill Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, and Rhonda Coullet.[citation needed] Saturday Night Live[edit] Radner gained name recognition as one of the original "Not Ready for Prime Time Players", the freshman group on the first (1975) season of Saturday Night Live. She was the first performer cast for the show,[7] co-wrote much of the material that she performed, and collaborated with Alan Zweibel
Alan Zweibel
(of the show's writing staff) on sketches that highlighted her recurring characters.[12] Between 1975 and 1980, she created characters such as obnoxious personal advice expert Roseanne Roseannadanna and "Baba Wawa", a parody of Barbara Walters. After Radner's death, Walters stated in an interview that Radner was the "first person to make fun of news anchors, now it's done all the time."[13] Radner's lampooning of news anchors did owe something to Monty Python, however, which started doing that several years before Saturday Night Live.[citation needed]

"Of the three female cast members [SNL], Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
made the deepest impact. There is hardly a female sketch comic today who does not claim Radner as an inspiration for her comedy career."

Yael Kohen, author, We Killed: The Rise of Women in American Comedy[14][15]

She also played the character Emily Litella, an elderly, hearing-impaired woman who gave angry and misinformed editorial replies on "Weekend Update".[7] Additionally, Radner parodied celebrities such as Lucille Ball, Patti Smith, and Olga Korbut
Olga Korbut
in SNL sketches. She won an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
in 1978 for her work on SNL. In Rolling Stone's February 2015 appraisal of all 141 SNL cast members to date, Radner was ranked ninth in importance. "[Radner was] the most beloved of the original cast," they wrote. "In the years between Mary Tyler Moore and Seinfeld's Elaine, Radner was the prototype for the brainy city girl with a bundle of neuroses."[16] In the second episode of the second season, she sang in the "Chevy's Girls" skit with Laraine Newman
Laraine Newman
and Jane Curtin. Radner battled bulimia while on the show. She had a relationship with SNL castmate Bill Murray, with whom she worked at the National Lampoon, which ended badly. Few details of their relationship or its end were made public. In It's Always Something, this is the one reference Radner made to Murray in the entire book: "All the guys [in the National Lampoon group of writers and performers] liked to have me around because I would laugh at them till I peed in my pants and tears rolled out of my eyes. We worked together for a couple of years creating The National Lampoon Show, writing The National Lampoon Radio Hour, and even working on stuff for the magazine. Bill Murray
Bill Murray
joined the show and Richard Belzer ..."[17] In 1979, incoming NBC
NBC
President Fred Silverman offered Radner her own primetime variety show, which she turned down.[10] That year, she was a host of the Music for UNICEF Concert at the United Nations General Assembly.[citation needed] Alan Zweibel, who co-created the Roseanne Roseannadanna
Roseanne Roseannadanna
character and co-wrote Roseanne's dialogue, recalled that Radner, one of three original SNL cast members who stayed away from cocaine, chastised him for abusing it.[12] While in character as Roseanne Roseannadanna, Radner gave the commencement address to the graduating class at the Columbia School of Journalism in 1979.[18] Radner had mixed emotions about the fans and strangers who recognized her in public. She sometimes became "angry when she was approached [by strangers in public], and upset when she wasn't," according to the book by Hill and Weingrad.[9] Work in theater, a record album and her first movie[edit] In 1979, Radner appeared on Broadway in the successful one-woman show, Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
- Live From New York.[19] The show featured material that was racier than NBC
NBC
censors allowed on Saturday Night Live, such as the song "Let's Talk
Talk
Dirty to the Animals". In 1979, shortly before Radner's final season on Saturday Night Live, her Broadway show was filmed by Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
under the title Gilda Live, co-starring Paul Shaffer and Don Novello, and the movie was released in theaters nationwide in 1980, with poor results. A soundtrack album was also unsuccessful. During the Broadway production, Radner met her first husband, G. E. Smith, a musician who worked on the show. They were married in a civil ceremony in 1980.[10] In the fall of 1980, after all original SNL cast members departed from the show, Radner began working with actor Sam Waterston
Sam Waterston
in the Jean Kerr play, Lunch Hour. They played two people whose spouses are having an affair, and as a reaction they start their own relationship consisting of trysts on their lunch hour.[20] The show ran for more than seven months in various theaters in the United States, including the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
in Washington, DC. Newspaper critics, including Tom Shales, praised the play and Radner's performance in it.[21] Marriage to Gene Wilder[edit] Radner met actor Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
on the set of the Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
film Hanky Panky (released in 1982), when the two worked together making the film. She described their first meeting as "love at first sight".[10] She was unable to resist her attraction to Wilder as her marriage to guitarist G. E. Smith
G. E. Smith
deteriorated. Radner went on to make a second film with Wilder, The Woman in Red (released in 1984), and their relationship grew. The two were married on September 18, 1984, in Saint-Tropez.[10] The pair made a third film together, Haunted Honeymoon (released in 1986)[10] and remained married until her death in 1989. Illness[edit]

Radner's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In 1985, after experiencing severe fatigue and suffering from pain in her upper legs on the set of Haunted Honeymoon
Haunted Honeymoon
in the United Kingdom, Radner sought medical treatment. For a period of 10 months, various doctors, most of them in Los Angeles, gave her several diagnoses that all turned out to be wrong as she continued to experience pain.[10] During those 10 months, she faced hardships such as the publication of Hill and Weingrad's highly publicized book about Saturday Night Live, which provided many details about her eating disorder[9][10] as well as the financial failure of Haunted Honeymoon, which grossed only $8,000,000 in the United States, entering the box office at number 8, then slipping to 14 the following week. As Radner wrote in It's Always Something, "On July 26 [1986], Haunted Honeymoon
Haunted Honeymoon
opened nationwide. It was a bomb. One month of publicity and the movie was only in the theaters for a week – a box-office disaster."[10] Finally, on October 21, 1986, Radner was diagnosed with stage IV ovarian cancer.[10][22] "She immediately underwent surgery and had a hysterectomy," wrote Jenny Song in a 2009 magazine article published by the American Association for Cancer Research.[22] On October 26, "surgeons removed a grapefruit-size tumor from her abdomen," the article continued. Radner then began chemotherapy and radiation therapy treatment, as she wrote in It's Always Something, and the treatment caused extreme physical and emotional pain.[10] After her diagnosis, the following issue of the National Enquirer
National Enquirer
ran the headline: " Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
In Life-Death Struggle". Without asking for her comment,[10] the publication asserted that she was dying. Radner wrote in It's Always Something: "They found an old photo of me looking frightened from a 'Saturday Night Live' sketch and blew that up to make the point. What they did probably sold newspapers, but it had a devastating effect on my family and my friends. It forced Gene [Wilder] to compose a press release to respond. He said that I had been diagnosed with ovarian cancer, had had surgery, and my prognosis was good. The Enquirer doesn't like good news, so the Gilda Radner story stopped running."[10] Four months after her ordeal with the National Enquirer, Radner saw her Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
castmates one last time at Laraine Newman's 35th birthday party (in March 1987). According to Bill Murray[23] when he heard she was leaving the party, he and Dan Aykroyd
Dan Aykroyd
carried her around the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
house where the party was held, repeatedly saying goodbye to everyone. Since all the guests were comedians, they all did comedy bits with her repeatedly. Remission[edit] After Radner was told that she had gone into remission, she wrote It's Always Something (a catchphrase of her character Roseanne Roseannadanna's),[10] which included details of her struggle with the illness. Life did a March 1988 cover story on her illness, titled "Gilda Radner's Answer to Cancer: Healing the Body with Mind and Heart." In 1988, Radner guest-starred on It's Garry Shandling's Show on Fox TV, to critical acclaim. When Shandling asked her why she had not been seen in public for a while, she replied, "Oh, I had cancer. What did you have?" Shandling's reply: "A very bad series of career moves ... which, by the way, there's no treatment for whatsoever." She repeated on-camera Mark Twain's apocryphal saying,[24] "Reports of my death are greatly exaggerated." Radner planned to host an episode of Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
that year,[citation needed] but a writers' strike caused the delay of the network television season. Illness and death[edit] In September 1988, after tests showed no signs of cancer, Radner went on a maintenance chemotherapy treatment to prolong her remission, but three months later, in December, she learned the cancer had returned.[22] She was admitted to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
in Los Angeles on May 17, 1989, to undergo a CT scan. She was given a sedative and went into a coma during the scan.[25] She did not regain consciousness and died three days later, from ovarian cancer and complications due to intestinal perforation on May 20, 1989; Wilder was at her side.[7] News of her death broke as Steve Martin
Steve Martin
was rehearsing to act as the guest host for that night's season finale of Saturday Night Live. The show's performers and crew, including Lorne Michaels, Phil Hartman, and Mike Myers
Mike Myers
(who had, in his own words, "fallen in love" with Radner after playing her son in a BC Hydro
BC Hydro
commercial on Canadian television and considered her the reason he wanted to be on SNL),[26] had not known how grave her situation was. Martin's planned opening monologue was scrapped; in its place Martin, in tears, introduced a video clip of a 1978 sketch in which he and Radner had parodied Fred Astaire and Cyd Charisse
Cyd Charisse
in a well-known dance routine from The Band Wagon (1953).[27] After the clip, Martin said it reminded him of "how great she was and of how young I looked. Gilda, we miss you." Legacy[edit]

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
hosts the Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Ovarian Detection Center

Wilder established the Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Hereditary Cancer Program[28] at Cedars-Sinai to screen high-risk candidates (such as women of Ashkenazi Jewish descent) and to run basic diagnostic tests. He testified before a Congressional committee that Radner's condition had been misdiagnosed and that if doctors had inquired more deeply into her family background they would have learned that her grandmother, aunt, and cousin all died of ovarian cancer, and therefore they might have attacked the disease earlier.[29] Radner's death helped raise awareness of early detection of ovarian cancer and the connection to familial epidemiology.[30] The media attention in the two years after Radner's death led to registry of 450 families with familial ovarian cancer at the Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry, a research database registry at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York. The registry was later renamed the Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry (GRFOCR).[31] In 1996, Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
and Registry founder Steven Piver, one of Radner's medical consultants, published Gilda's Disease: Sharing Personal Experiences and a Medical Perspective on Ovarian Cancer. In 1991, Gilda's Club, a network of affiliate clubhouses where people living with cancer, their friends, and families, can meet to learn how to live with cancer, was founded by Joanna Bull, Radner's cancer psychotherapist, along with Radner's widower, Gene Wilder
Gene Wilder
(also a cancer survivor) and broadcaster Joel Siegel
Joel Siegel
(who later died after a long battle with cancer). The first club opened in New York City in 1995. The organization took its name from Radner's comment that cancer gave her "membership to an elite club I'd rather not belong to".[32] Radner's story can be read in her book, It's Always Something.[10] Many Gilda's Clubs have opened across the United States and in Canada. In July 2009, Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
Worldwide merged with The Wellness Community, another established cancer support organization to create the Cancer Support Community (CSC), which was legally adopted in 2011.[33][34][35] As of 2012, more than 20 local affiliates of Gilda's Club were active. Although some local affiliates of Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
and The Wellness Community have retained their names, many affiliates have adopted the name Cancer Support Community following the merger.[citation needed] In 2002, the ABC television network aired a television movie about her life: Gilda Radner: It's Always Something, starring Jami Gertz
Jami Gertz
as Radner. In 2007, Radner was featured in Making Trouble, a film tribute to female Jewish comedians, produced by the Jewish Women's Archive.[36] Radner makes two comic book appearances. DC Comics Young Love #122 in 1976 and Marvel Team-Up #74 from 1978. Awards and honors[edit] Radner won an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for "Outstanding Continuing or Single Performance by a Supporting Actress in Variety or Music" for her performance on Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in 1977. She posthumously won a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for "Best Spoken Word Or Non-Musical Recording" in 1990. In 1992, Radner was inducted into the Michigan
Michigan
Women's Hall of Fame for her achievements in arts and entertainment. Through the generosity of many who participated in the 2002 ABC special, "Gilda Radner's Greatest Moments," (including Lynda Carter, Victor Garber, Eric Idle, David Letterman, Eugene Levy, Peter Mann, Steve Martin, Mike Myers, Paul Shaffer, Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
and The Jim Henson Company), funds were raised to get Gilda a posthumous star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. On June 27, 2003, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. "Saturday Night Live" alumna Molly Shannon (and the host of the ABC special) served as Master of Ceremonies at the induction at which Laraine Newman, Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
founder Joanna Bull and Gilda's brother Michael F. Radner also spoke to dedicate the honor.[37] Parts of West Houston Street in New York City, Lombard Street in Toronto, Kirk Road in Warminster, Pennsylvania, and Chester Avenue in White Plains, New York, have been renamed " Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Way". Filmography[edit] Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1974 Jack: A Flash Fantasy Jill of Hearts

1974 The Gift of Winter Nicely/Malicious/Narrator Voice Only

1974–75 Dr. Zonk and the Zunkins — Voice Only

1975–80 Saturday Night Live Various Characters 107 Episodes; Also Writer Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program

1978 The Muppet Show Herself 1 Episode

1978 Witch's Night Out Witch Voice Only

1979 Bob & Ray, Jane, Laraine & Gilda Herself

1985 Reading Rainbow Herself Voice Only; 1 Episode

1988 It's Garry Shandling's Show Herself 1 Episode

Films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1973 The Last Detail Nichiren Shoshu Member One Spoken Line

1978 All You Need Is Cash Mrs. Emily Pules TV film; Appeared in cameo role as a character who is cornered on the street for an interview about her memories of The Rutles

1979 Mr. Mike's Mondo Video Herself

1980 Animalympics Barbara Warbler/Brenda Springer/Coralee Perrier/Tatiana Tushenko/Doree Turnell/The Contessa TV film; Voice Only

1980 Gilda Live Herself/Various Characters Also writer

1980 First Family Gloria Link

1982 Hanky Panky Kate Hellman

1982 It Came from Hollywood Herself

1984 The Woman in Red Ms. Millner

1985 Movers & Shakers Livia Machado

1986 Haunted Honeymoon Vickie Pearle

2017 LOVE Gilda (documentary) Herself "In her own words, comedienne Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
looks back and reflects on her life and career. Weaving together recently discovered audiotapes, interviews with her friends and rare home movies, LOVE Gilda offers a unique window into the funny and whimsical world of a beloved performer whose greatest role was sharing her story."[38]

See also[edit]

Friends of Gilda

References[edit]

^ "Fighting for Life". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Daily News. July 11, 1989.  ^ " Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
profile". Film Reference. Retrieved March 11, 2009.  ^ "Business - Microsoft's Heir Apparent -- Steve Ballmer
Steve Ballmer
- Seattle Times Newspaper". community.seattletimes.nwsource.com.  ^ "Michaels and Radner talk SNL". 90 Minutes Live. CBC Television. February 2, 1978. Retrieved January 24, 2009.  ^ Radner, Gilda (1989). It's Always Something. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 97.  ^ a b c d Saltman, David (1992). Gilda: An Intimate Portrait. Chicago: Contemporary Books.  ^ a b c d Hevesi, Dennis (May 21, 1989). "Gilda Radner, 42, Comic Original Of 'Saturday Night Live' Zaniness". The New York Times.  ^ a b Radner, Gilda (1989). It's Always Something. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 99.  ^ a b c Hill, Doug and Jeff Weingrad. Saturday Night: A Backstage History of Saturday Night Live. New York: Beech Tree Books. 1986. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Radner, Gilda (1989). It's Always Something. New York: Simon & Schuster.  ^ a b "'The National Lampoon Radio Hour'". NPR.org. Retrieved 13 March 2017.  ^ a b Zweibel, Alan (1994). Bunny Bunny: Gilda Radner. New York: Villard.  ^ Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
being interviewed about Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
on YouTube ^ Kohen, Yael (2012). We Killed: The Rise of Women in American Comedy. Macmillan. pp. 107–108.  ^ "Funny Women". The New York Times. November 30, 2012.  ^ "SNL cast members". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
(1229). February 26, 2015. p. 32.  ^ Radner, Gilda (1989). It's Always Something. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 100–101.  ^ "-journalist FIGHTclub". Journalist Fight Club.  ^ Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
at the Internet Broadway Database ^ Hischak, Thomas S. (2001). American Theatre: A Chronicle of Comedy and Drama, 1969–2000. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-512347-6.  ^ Shales, Tom (1980-10-03). "Good as Gilda". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-01-30.  ^ a b c Song, Jenny (Spring 2009). "America's Funny Girl". CRMagazine.org.  ^ Shales, Tom (2010). Live From New York: An Uncensored History Of Saturday Night Live. ISBN 0-316-73565-5.  ^ " Mark Twain
Mark Twain
on Coldest Winter". Snopes.com. September 26, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2012.  ^ Karras, Steve (January 6, 2013). " Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Remembered". Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 April 2018.  ^ " Mike Myers
Mike Myers
biography". Talktalk.co.uk. Retrieved July 26, 2014.  ^ Martin Steve & Radner, Gilda (1978). Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(Vimeo video ed.). Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2015. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Hereditary Cancer Program ( Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Hereditary Cancer Program) - Cedars-Sinai".  ^ Wilder, Gene. "Why Did Gilda Die?" People Magazine, June 3, 1991. ^ Squires, Sally. "Fighting Ovarian Cancer: Doctors Don't Know Who Is At Risk and Why", Washington Post, May 30, 1989. ^ Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry website; accessed March 19, 2015. ^ " Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
Twin Cities: Who We Are". Website. gildasclubtwincities.org. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  ^ "Wellness Community & Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
May Merge". Oncology Times vol 31, Issue 7. pp. 8–10. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  ^ McClure, Susan (December 14, 2009). " Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
and The Wellness Community Join Forces". Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  ^ "Merging to Increase Mission Impact". The NonProfit Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  ^ Deming, Mark. "Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women". New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2012.  ^ Friends of Gilda and Gilda's Club
Gilda's Club
Worldwide ^ "Home". LOVE Gilda. 

External links[edit]

Cancer Support Community (formerly Gilda's Club) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Hereditary Cancer Program Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
on IMDb Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Jewish Women in Comedy - Gilda Radner

Awards for Gilda Radner

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program

Perry Como
Perry Como
/ Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1959) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1962) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1963) Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
(1964) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1967) Art Carney
Art Carney
/ Pat Paulsen
Pat Paulsen
(1968) Arte Johnson
Arte Johnson
/ Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1969) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1971) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1972) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
(1973) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
/ Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1974) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1975) Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
/ Vicki Lawrence
Vicki Lawrence
(1976) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1977) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
(1978) Sarah Vaughan
Sarah Vaughan
(1981) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
/ André De Shields
André De Shields
(1982) Leontyne Price
Leontyne Price
(1983) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1984) George Hearn (1985) Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1986) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1987) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1988) Linda Ronstadt
Linda Ronstadt
(1989) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1990) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1991) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1992) Dana Carvey (1993) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1994) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1995) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1996) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1997) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1998) John Leguizamo
John Leguizamo
(1999) Eddie Izzard
Eddie Izzard
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Sting (2002) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2003) Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(2004) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2005) Barry Manilow
Barry Manilow
(2006) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(2007) Don Rickles
Don Rickles
(2008)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Michigan
Michigan
Women's Hall of Fame

1980–1989

1983

Harriette Simpson Arnow N. Lorraine Beebe Mamie Geraldine Neale Bledsoe Elizabeth Margaret Chandler Mary Stallings Coleman Wilma T. Donahue Grace Eldering Josephine Gomon Martha W. Griffiths Dorothy Haener Laura Smith Haviland Mildred Jeffrey Pearl Kendrick Helen W. Milliken Rosa L. Parks Anna Howard Shaw Lucinda Hinsdale Stone Sojourner Truth

1984

Helen J. Claytor Caroline Bartlett Crane Marguerite De Angeli Emma Genevieve Gillette Icie Macy Hoobler Magdelaine Laframboise Martha Longstreet Elly M. Peterson Jessie Pharr Slaton Mary C. Spencer Bertha Van Hoosen

1986

Patricia Boyle Elizabeth C. Crosby Gwen Frostic Elmina R. Lucke Marjorie Swank Matthews Marjorie Peebles-Meyers Mary Chase Perry Stratton Helen Thomas

1987

Marion Isabel Barnhart Patricia Hill Burnett Ethel Calhoun Georgia Emery Betty Ford Rosa Slade Gragg Clara Raven

1988

Louise L. Brown Ethelene Crockett Marcia J. Federbush Fran Harris M. Jane Kay Nugent Agnes Mary Mansour Helen Martin Sarah Goddard Power

1989

Clara B. Arthur Anna Sutherland Bissell Alexa Canady Anne R. Davidow Bernadine Newsom Denning Isabella Karle Jean Ledwith King Olga Madar Mary Anne Mayo

1990–1999

1990

Emily Helen Butterfield Erma Henderson Dorothy Leonard Judd Elba Lila Morse Fannie M. Richards Emelia Christine Schaub Mary P. Sinclair Merze Tate Delia Villegas Vorhauer

1991

Rachel Andresen Mary Beck Jan BenDor Janet K. Good Jo Jacobs Virginia Cecile Blomer Nordby Dorothy Comstock Riley Edith Mays Swanson

1992

Cora Brown Mary Lou Butcher Sarah Emma Edmonds Violet Temple Lewis Luise Ruth Leismer Mahon Gilda Radner Martha Romayne Seger Ann M. Shafer Sylvia M. Stoesser Lucy Thurman Charleszetta Waddles

1993

Edith Vosburgh Alvord Catherine Carter Blackwell Jean W. Campbell Katherine Hill Campbell Lenna Frances Cooper Roberta A. Griffith Bina West Miller Jeanne Omelenchuk Sippie Wallace Edna Noble White Irene Clark Woodman

1994

Virginia Allan Marie-Therese Guyon Cadillac Ruth Carlton Flossie Cohen Bertha A. Daubendiek Genora Johnson Dollinger Flora Hommel Sarah Van Hoosen Jones Aleda E. Lutz Helen Walker McAndrew

1995

Yolanda Alvarado-Ortega Irene Auberlin Hilda R. Gage Lucia Voorhees Grimes R. Louise Grooms Odessa Komer Laura Freele Osborn Jacquelin E. Washington

1996

Carrie Frazier Rogers-Brown Anna Clemenc Waunetta McClellan Dominic Margaret Muth Laurence Claudia House Morcom Betsy Graves Reyneau Shirley E. Schwartz Joan Luedders Wolfe

1997

Ellen Burstyn Marion Corwell-Shertzer Four Sisters of Charity Della Goodwin Alice Hamilton Nancy Harkness Love Maryann Mahaffey Sharon E. Sutton Matilda Dodge Wilson

1998

Connie Binsfeld Hilda Patricia Curran Marie Dye Eleanor Josaitis Dorrie Ellen Rosenblatt Ella Merriman Sharp Martha Jean Steinberg Ruth Thompson Lily Tomlin

1999

Patricia L. Beeman Olympia Brown Doris DeDeckere Margaret Drake Elliott Elizabeth Homer Eleonore Hutzel Ella Eaton Kellogg Emily Burton Ketcham Ardeth Platte

2000–2009

2000

Lillian Mellen Genser Loney Clinton Gordon Katherine G. Heideman Dauris Gwendolyn Jackson Cornelia Groefsema Kennedy Marjorie J. Lansing Chaun-Pu Lee Marilyn Fisher Lundy Katharine Dexter McCormick Kathleen N. Straus Clarissa M. Young

2001

Cora Reynolds Anderson Lucile E. Belen Theresa Maxis Duchemin Aretha Franklin Francie Kraker Goodridge Marian Bayoff Ilitch Mary Ellen Riordan Joesphine Stern Weiner

2002

Hortense Golden Canady Julia Wheelock Freeman May Stocking Knaggs Naomi Long Madgett Lucille Hanna McCollough Lana Pollack Martha Louise Rayne Muriel Dorothy Ross

2003

Mary Agnes Blair Verne Burbridge Nellie Cuellar Alice Scanlan Kocel Joyce Lewis Kornbluh Eliza Seaman Leggett Ida Lippman Marion 'Babe' Ruth Bernice "B" Steadman Pamela Withrow Ruth Zweifler

2004

Geraldine Bledsoe Ford Jennifer Mulhern Granholm Lystra Gretter Florine Mark Cathy McClelland Constance Mayfield Rourke

2005

Margaret M. Chiara Eva Lois Evans Georgia A. Lewis Johnson Lida Holmes Mattman Olivia Maynard Deborah Stabenow Caroline Thrun Margaret Sellers Walker Elizabeth Weaver

2006

Cynthia Yao Mary Esther Daddazio Margery Feliksa Nancy Hammond Viola Liuzzo Marge Piercy Dora Hall Stockman Martha Strickland Clark Helen Hornbeck Tanner

2007

Mary Brown Gertrude Buck Emma Cole Haifa Fakhouri Carolyn Geisel Jane Briggs Hart Abigail Rogers Kathleen Wilbur Woman's Hospital Association (charter members)

2008

Carol Atkins Patricia Cuza Carol King Vicki Neiberg James Johnston Schoolcraft Leta Snow Mary Francilene Van de Vyver

2009

Carol Atkins Grace Lee Boggs Margaret Chandler Ruth Ellis Edna Ferber Glenda Lappan Kay Givens McGowan Elizabeth Phillips Jessica Rickert Betty Tableman Marlo Thomas

2010–2019

2010

Mary Aikey Laura Carter Callow Augusta Jane Chapin Sandra Laser Draggoo Annie Etheridge Sherrill Freeborough Dorean Marguerite Hurley Koenig Terry McMillan Edith Munger Cynthia J. Pasky

2011

Lois A. Bader Jumana Judeh Marilyn Kelly Valeria Lipczynski Edelmira Lopez Kary Moss Rose Mary C. Robinson Patricia Saunders

2012

Gladys Beckwith Patricia Caruso Mary Jane Dockeray Judith Karandjeff Les Meres et Debutantes Club of Greater Lansing Serena Williams L. Anna Ballard Eva McCall Hamilton Mary E. McCoy

2013

Elizabeth W. Bauer Judith Levin Cantor Paula Cunningham Joan Jackson Johnson Gladys McKenney Marina von Neumann Whitman Con-Con Eleven Elizabeth Eaglesfield Harriet Quimby

2014

Elizabeth Lehman Belen MaryLee Davis Jeanne Findlater Dorothy A. Johnson Julie Krone Mary Carmelita Manning Barbara Roberts Mason Marylou Olivarez Mason Andra M. Rush Mary Ellen Sheets Lucille Farrier Stickel

2015

Jocelyn Benson Maxine Berman Sue Carter Janet C. Cooper Mabel White Holmes Candice Miller Esther K. Shapiro Maggie Walz Myra Wolfgang Linda M. Woods

2016

Elizabeth Sparks Adams Anan Ameri Daisy Elliott Faith Fowler Evelyn Golden Olivia Letts Mary Free Bed Guild Diana Ross Lou Anna Kimsey Simon Charlotte Wilson

2017

American Legion NUWARINE Post 535 Ella Mae Backus Clara Bryant Ford Elizabeth Denison Forth Mary Kay Henry Curtis Hertel Jr. Verna Grahek Mize Bernice Morton Rosie the Riveter Rosemary C. Sarri Elizabeth Wetzel

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 2017

Not Ready For Prime Time Players (Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, and Gilda Radner)

Roy Christopher Shonda Rhimes Joan Rivers John Wells

v t e

Gene Wilder

Films directed

The Adventure of Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother (1975) The World's Greatest Lover
The World's Greatest Lover
(1977) Sunday Lovers
Sunday Lovers
(1980) The Woman in Red (1984) Haunted Honeymoon
Haunted Honeymoon
(1986)

Books

My French Whore
My French Whore
(2007)

Related

Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
(wife) Gilda's Club

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 87331930 LCCN: n85015967 ISNI: 0000 0000 6638 0860 GND: 118916637 MusicBrainz: 587168e1-2238-4bbe-bb4d-31992c4b3412 BNE: XX1600

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