HOME
The Info List - Gilbert Stuart





Gilbert Charles Stuart (born Stewart; December 3, 1755 – July 9, 1828) was an American painter from Rhode Island
Rhode Island
who is widely considered one of America's foremost portraitists.[2] His best known work is the unfinished portrait of George Washington
George Washington
that is sometimes referred to as The Athenaeum, begun in 1796. Stuart retained the portrait and used it to paint 130 copies which he sold for $100 each. The image of George Washington
George Washington
featured in the painting has appeared on the United States
United States
one-dollar bill for more than a century[2] and on various U.S. postage stamps of the 19th century and early 20th century.[3] Stuart produced portraits of more than 1,000 people, including the first six Presidents.[4] His work can be found today at art museums throughout the United States
United States
and the United Kingdom, most notably the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
and Frick Collection
Frick Collection
in New York City, the National Gallery of Art
National Gallery of Art
in Washington, D.C., the National Portrait Gallery, London, Worcester Art Museum
Worcester Art Museum
in Massachusetts, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.[5]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early life 1.2 England and Ireland 1.3 New York and Philadelphia 1.4 Boston, 1805–1828 1.5 Personal life

2 Legacy 3 Notable people painted 4 Portrait
Portrait
gallery 5 Stuart's art on postage stamps 6 Notes 7 References

7.1 Bibliography

8 External links

Biography[edit] Early life[edit]

The Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
in Saunderstown, Rhode Island

Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
was born on December 3, 1755 in Saunderstown, a village of North Kingstown in the Colony of Rhode Island
Rhode Island
and Providence Plantations, and he was baptized at Old Narragansett Church
Old Narragansett Church
on April 11, 1756.[6][7] He was the third child of Gilbert Stewart,[8] a Scottish immigrant employed in the snuff-making industry, and Elizabeth Anthony Stewart, a member of a prominent land-owning family from Middletown, Rhode Island.[4] Stuart's father owned the first snuff mill in America, which was located in the basement of the family homestead.[9] Stuart moved to Newport, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
at the age of six, where his father pursued work in the merchant field. In Newport, he first began to show great promise as a painter.[10] In 1770, he made the acquaintance of Scottish artist Cosmo Alexander, a visitor to the colonies who made portraits of local patrons and who became a tutor to Stuart.[11][12] Under the guidance of Alexander, Stuart painted the famous portrait Dr. Hunter's Spaniels when he was 14; it hangs today in the Hunter House Mansion in Newport.[7] In 1771, Stuart moved to Scotland with Alexander to finish his studies; however, Alexander died in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
one year later. Stuart tried to maintain a living and pursue his painting career, but to no avail, so he returned to Newport in 1773.[13] England and Ireland[edit]

Self-Portrait, painted in 1778

Stuart's prospects as a portraitist were jeopardized by the onset of the American Revolution
American Revolution
and its social disruptions. He departed for England in 1775 following the example set by John Singleton Copley.[14] He was unsuccessful at first in pursuit of his vocation, but he then became a protégé of Benjamin West
Benjamin West
with whom he studied for the next six years. The relationship was beneficial, with Stuart exhibiting at the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
as early as 1777.[14]

The Skater, 1782, a portrait of Sir William Grant

By 1782, Stuart had met with success, largely due to acclaim for The Skater, a portrait of William Grant. It was Stuart's first full-length portrait and, according to art historian Margaret C. S. Christman, it "belied the prevailing opinion that Stuart 'made a tolerable likeness of a face, but as to the figure, he could not get below the fifth button'".[15] Stuart said that he was "suddenly lifted into fame by a single picture".[16] At one point, the prices for his pictures were exceeded only by those of renowned English artists Joshua Reynolds
Joshua Reynolds
and Thomas Gainsborough. Despite his many commissions, however, he was habitually neglectful of finances and was in danger of being sent to debtors' prison. In 1787, he fled to Dublin, Ireland where he painted and accumulated debt with equal vigor.[17] New York and Philadelphia[edit] Stuart ended his 18-year stay in Britain and Ireland in 1793, leaving behind numerous unfinished paintings. He returned to the United States and settled briefly in New York City.[15] In 1795, he moved to Germantown, Philadelphia
Germantown, Philadelphia
where he opened a studio,[18][19] and it was here that he gained a foothold in the art world and lasting fame with pictures of many important Americans.

George Washington, 1796. Oil on canvas. One of several copies that Stuart painted of this full-length portrait. Brooklyn Museum

Gilbert Stuart's unfinished 1796 painting of George Washington
George Washington
is also known as The Athenaeum, his most celebrated and famous work.

Stuart painted George Washington
George Washington
in a series of iconic portraits, each of them leading to a demand for copies and keeping him busy and highly paid for years.[20] The most famous and celebrated of these likenesses is known as The Athenaeum and is portrayed on the United States one-dollar bill. Stuart and his daughters painted a total of 130 reproductions of The Athenaeum. However, he never completed the original version; after finishing Washington's face, he kept the original version to make the copies.[21] He sold up to 70 of his reproductions for a price of $100 each, but the original portrait was left unfinished at the time of his death in 1828.[21] The painting was jointly purchased by the National Portrait
Portrait
Gallery and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Boston
in 1980, and is generally on display in the National Portrait
Portrait
Gallery.[22][23] Another celebrated image of Washington is the Lansdowne portrait, a large portrait with one version hanging in the East Room
East Room
of the White House. This painting was saved during the burning of Washington by British troops in the War of 1812
War of 1812
through the intervention of First Lady Dolley Madison
Dolley Madison
and Paul Jennings, one of President James Madison's slaves. Four versions of the portrait are attributed to Stuart,[24] and additional copies were painted by other artists for display in U.S. government buildings.[25] In 1803, Stuart opened a studio in Washington, D. C.[26] Boston, 1805–1828[edit] Stuart moved to Devonshire Street in Boston
Boston
in 1805, continuing in both critical acclaim and financial troubles.[27] He exhibited works locally at Doggett's Repository[28] and Julien Hall.[29] He was sought out for advice by other artists, such as John Trumbull, Thomas Sully, Washington Allston, and John Vanderlyn.[15] Personal life[edit]

Jane Stuart, Gilbert Stuart, Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
and Museum

Stuart married Charlotte Coates about September 1786, who was 13 years his junior and "exceedingly pretty".[30] They had 12 children, five of whom died by 1815 and two others died while they were young. Their daughter Jane (1812–1888) was also a painter. She sold many of his paintings and her replicas of them from her studios in Boston
Boston
and Newport, Rhode Island.[31] In 2011, she was inducted into the Rhode Island Heritage Hall of Fame.[32] In 1824, he suffered a stroke which left him partially paralyzed, but he still continued to paint for two years until his death in Boston
Boston
on July 9, 1828 at 72.[33] He was buried in the Old South Burial Ground of the Boston
Boston
Common. Stuart left his family deeply in debt, and his wife and daughters were unable to purchase a grave site. He was, therefore, buried in an unmarked grave which was purchased cheaply from Benjamin Howland, a local carpenter.[34] His family recovered from their financial troubles 10 years later, and they planned to move his body to a family cemetery in Newport. However, they could not remember the exact location of his body, and it was never moved.[35] There is a monument for Stuart, his wife, and their children at the Common Burying Ground in Newport.[36] The Boston
Boston
Athenæum held a benefit exhibition of Stuart's works in August 1828 in an effort to provide financial aid for his family. More than 250 portraits were lent for this critically acclaimed and well-subscribed exhibition. This also marked the first public showing of his unfinished 1796 Athenæum Head portrait of Washington.[37] Legacy[edit] By the end of his career, Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
had painted the likenesses of more than 1,000 American political and social figures.[38] He was praised for the vitality and naturalness of his portraits, and his subjects found his company agreeable. John Adams
John Adams
said:

Speaking generally, no penance is like having one's picture done. You must sit in a constrained and unnatural position, which is a trial to the temper. But I should like to sit to Stuart from the first of January to the last of December, for he lets me do just what I please, and keeps me constantly amused by his conversation.[39]

Stuart was known for working without the aid of sketches, beginning directly upon the canvas, which was very unusual for the time period. His approach is suggested by the advice which he gave to his pupil Matthew Harris Jouett: "Never be sparing of colour, load your pictures, but keep your colours as separate as you can. No blending, tis destruction to clear & bea[u]tiful effect."[15] John Henri Isaac Browere
John Henri Isaac Browere
created a life mask of Stuart around 1825.[40] In 1940, the U.S. Post Office issued a series of postage stamps called the "Famous Americans Series" commemorating famous artists, authors, inventors, scientists, poets, educators, and musicians. Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
is found on the 1 cent issue in the artists category, along with James McNeil Whistler, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Daniel Chester French, and Frederic Remington. Today, Stuart's birthplace in Saunderstown, Rhode Island
Saunderstown, Rhode Island
is open to the public as the Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
and Museum. The museum consists of the original house where he was born, with copies of his paintings hanging throughout the house. The museum opened in 1930.[41]

Memorial tablet located in the Boston
Boston
Common

John H. I. Browere's life mask portrait of Stuart, c. 1825

Gilbert Stuart Issue of 1940

Notable people painted[edit] This is a partial list of portraits painted by Stuart.[42]

Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams
– Second First Lady of the United States, wife of John Adams John Adams
John Adams
– Second President of the United States John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
– Sixth President of the United States John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor
– First American multi-millionaire, fur trader, art patron John Bannister – Owner of Bannister's Wharf in Newport, Rhode Island Commodore John Barry
Commodore John Barry
– Father of the American Navy Ann Willing Bingham
Ann Willing Bingham
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
socialite Horace Binney
Horace Binney
– Prominent Philadelphia
Philadelphia
lawyer Elizabeth Bowdoin, Lady Temple – wife of Sir John Temple, first British consul general to United States, 1785[43] Hugh Henry Brackenridge
Hugh Henry Brackenridge
– early American writer, Pennsylvania Supreme Court justice, and founder of the University of Pittsburgh[44] Jean Baptiste Casmiere Breschard
Jean Baptiste Casmiere Breschard
– Performer and theatrical impresario Rosalie Stier Calvert
Rosalie Stier Calvert
– Belgian-born heiress and mother of Charles Benedict Calvert Mary Willing Clymer
Mary Willing Clymer
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
socialite John Singleton Copley
John Singleton Copley
– American colonial portraitist Horatio Gates
Horatio Gates
American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
general King George III
King George III
– King of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1760–1820 King George IV – King of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1820–30 John Jay
John Jay
– First Chief Justice of the United States
United States
Supreme Court Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
– Third President of the United States Rufus King
Rufus King
– a signer of United States
United States
Constitution Robert Kingsmill – Admiral in Royal Navy
Royal Navy
during American and French Revolutionary Wars King Louis XVI
King Louis XVI
– King of France, 1774–92 James Madison
James Madison
– Fourth President of the United States Samuel Miles
Samuel Miles
– Revolutionary War General and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
mayor James Monroe
James Monroe
– Fifth President of the United States Daniel Pinckney Parker – Prominent Boston
Boston
merchant John Randolph of Roanoke
John Randolph of Roanoke
– Virginia congressman and senator[44] Joshua Reynolds
Joshua Reynolds
– English artist Henry Rice – Boston
Boston
merchant and Massachusetts
Massachusetts
state legislator[44] John Tayloe III
John Tayloe III
– Wealthiest planter in Virginia, builder of The Octagon House in Washington, DC, later used as French Embassy and subsequently Executive Mansion by James Madison
James Madison
after British burned the White House. Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney
Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney
– the cities of Sydney
Sydney
in New South Wales and Sydney, Nova Scotia
Sydney, Nova Scotia
are named in his honor[44] John Trumbull
John Trumbull
– artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War George Washington
George Washington
– First President of the United States Martha Washington
Martha Washington
– First Lady of the United States, wife of George Washington Benjamin West
Benjamin West
– American painter Catherine Brass Yates
Catherine Brass Yates
Philadelphia
Philadelphia
socialite

Portrait
Portrait
gallery[edit]

American artist Benjamin West, 1783–84

English artist Joshua Reynolds, 1784

American artist John Singleton Copley, c. 1784

American artist John Trumbull, c. 1818

William Bayard, 1794, Princeton University Art Museum

Horatio Gates, 1794, Metropolitan Museum of Art

Peter Gansevoort, 1794

George Washington, 1795, Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
New York

Lansdowne portrait
Lansdowne portrait
of George Washington, 1797

George Washington, c. 1805, Rhode Island
Rhode Island
School of Design Museum

George Washington
George Washington
At Dorchester Heights, 1806, Boston
Boston
Museum of Fine Arts

George Washington, 1825, Walters Art Museum

The second First Lady of the United States, Abigail Adams, c. 1800–1815

Robert R. Livingston, diplomat and Founding Father, 1793–94

John Jay, 1794, First Chief Justice of the United States
United States
Supreme Court

Anna Payne Cutts, sister of First Lady Dolley Madison, 1804, The White House

The fourth President of the United States, James Madison, 1804, Bowdoin College Museum of Art

Jérôme Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, 1804

The second President of the United States, John Adams
John Adams
(nearly 89), 1823

The third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson, c. 1821, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

The fourth President of the United States, James Madison, c. 1821

The fifth President of the United States, James Monroe

The sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, 1818, son of John and Abigail Adams

The sixth First Lady of the United States, Louisa Catherine Adams c. 1821–26, daughter-in law of John and Abigail Adams

Sir Robert Kingsmill, Admiral in Royal Navy
Royal Navy
during American and French Revolutionary Wars

United States
United States
Senator and Secretary of State Daniel Webster, 1825

George Calvert, politician and planter, 1804

Rosalie Stier Calvert, Belgian-born heiress and wife of George Calvert

Henry Rice, Boston
Boston
merchant and Massachusetts
Massachusetts
state legislator, c. 1815

Lithograph of Little Turtle, Chief of the Miami Tribe, reputedly based upon a lost portrait by Gilbert Stuart, destroyed when the British burned Washington, DC
Washington, DC
in 1814[45]

John Jones of Frankley held at the Birmingham Museum of Art

George Washington
George Washington
(The Constable-Hamilton Portrait, 1797) Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas

Mrs. Harrison Gray Otis, 1809 Reynolda House Museum of American Art, Winston-Salem, NC

John Carroll, first Catholic bishop of the United States, c. 1804, Georgetown University
Georgetown University
Art Collection, Washington, DC

Portrait
Portrait
of John Tayloe III, builder of The Octagon House
The Octagon House
in Washington, DC, Metropolitan Museum of Art

Ann Ogle Tayloe, daughter of Benjamin Ogle wife of John Tayloe III Metropolitan Museum of Art

John Banister, Jr

Christian Stelle Banister, wife of John Banister, Jr

Jacob Rodriguez Rivera

Benjamin Waterhouse

George Gibbs

Stuart's art on postage stamps[edit] Gilbert Stuart's paintings of Washington, Jefferson and others have been served as models for the engravings found on dozens of U.S. Postage stamps released over the years. Washington's image from the famous Washington portrait, The Athenaeum, is probably the most noted example of Stuart's work on U.S. Postage.

~ 1861 ~

~ 1861 ~

~1903 ~

~ 1954 ~

For other examples of Stuart's art on US Postage see: US Presidents on US postage stamps

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

^ " Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
(1775–1828)". Worcester Art Museum. Retrieved 4 February 2008.  ^ a b Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
and Museum. Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Biography. Accessed July 24, 2007. ^ "10-cent Washington". Smithsonian National Postal Museum. Retrieved 26 August 2015.  ^ a b " Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Birthplace". Archived from the original on November 16, 2005. Retrieved 2010-10-10. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) , The Story of Gilbert Stuart. Woonsocket Connection. Retrieved on July 25, 2007. ^ Gilbert Stuart. ArtCyclopedia. Paintings in Museums and Public Art Galleries. Accessed July 24, 2007. ^ The Old Narragansett Church
Old Narragansett Church
(St. Paul's): Built A.D. 1707. A Constant Witness to Christ and His Church. Committee of Management. 1915. p. 15. Retrieved 14 July 2015.  ^ a b "Gilbert Stuart". The Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Museum. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.  ^ "Gilbert Stuart". NNDB. Retrieved 25 July 2007.  ^ McLanathan 1986, p. 13. ^ Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Archived 2007-08-14 at the Wayback Machine.. Gilbert Stuart. Accessed: July 28, 2007. ^ "Gilbert Stuart, Newport and Edinburgh
Edinburgh
(1755–1775)". National Gallery of Art. Archived from the original on 3 September 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.  ^ "Gilbert Stuart". Redwood Library and Athenæum, Newport Rhode Island. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2010.  ^ "Gilbert Stuart". Germantown, Portrait
Portrait
Artist. Retrieved 11 October 2010.  ^ a b National Gallery of Art
National Gallery of Art
Archived 2007-09-01 at the Wayback Machine.. Gilbert Stuart. London (1775–1787). Accessed: July 31, 2007. ^ a b c d Christman, Margaret C. S. "Stuart, Gilbert." In Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online, retrieved October 1, 2012 ^ National Gallery of Art
National Gallery of Art
Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine.. The Skater
The Skater
( Portrait
Portrait
of William Grant), 1782. Retrieved November 23, 2014. ^ National Gallery of Art
National Gallery of Art
Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machine.. Gilbert Stuart. Dublin
Dublin
(1787–1793). Accessed: July 31, 2007. ^ "Gilbert Stuart – Washington". americanrevolution.org. Retrieved 25 November 2007.  ^ "George Washington". Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.  ^ National Gallery of Art
National Gallery of Art
Archived 2010-04-10 at the Wayback Machine.. Gilbert Stuart. Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(1794–1803). Accessed: July 31, 2007. ^ a b Wallechinsky, David and Irving Wallace. "Unfinished Art: Gilbert Stuart's Portrait
Portrait
of George Washington". The People's Almanac. Trivia-Library.com. Retrieved 21 April 2008.  ^ Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, George Washington
George Washington
Accessed December 12, 2014. ^ National Portrait
Portrait
Gallery Collections Search, p. 9. Accessed December 12, 2014. ^ Stretch, Bonnie Barrett, "The White House
White House
Washington", Artnews, October 1, 2004. Accessed: May 11, 2012. ^ Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives, Artist Gilbert Stuart's portraits of George Washington. Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed: May 11, 2012. ^ National Gallery of Art. Gilbert Stuart. Washington, D.C. (1803–1805). Accessed: July 31, 2007. ^ The Boston
Boston
Directory. Boston: E. Cotton. 1813. p. 237.  ^ Daily Advertiser, March 2, 1822 ^ Boston
Boston
Commercial Gazette Dec. 1, 1825 ^ Dorinda Evans (January 1, 2013). Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
and the Impact of Manic Depression. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4094-4164-9.  ^ "History Bytes: Jane Stuart". Newport Historical Society. Retrieved 26 August 2015.  ^ Patrick T. Conley (2011). "Jane Stuart". Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Heritage Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 16, 2017.  ^ McLanathan 1986, p. 148. ^ McLanathan 1986, p. 150. ^ Wolpaw, Jim. Gilbert Stuart: A Portrait
Portrait
from Life (9-Minute Trailer). Documentary. ^ "Jane Stuart". Rhode Island
Rhode Island
Historical Cemetery Commission. 2007. Retrieved February 16, 2017.  ^ Swan, Mabel Munson The Athenæum Gallery 1827–1873: The Boston Athenæum as an Early Patron of Art (Boston: The Boston
Boston
Athenæum, 1940) pp. 62–73 ^ "Gilbert Stuart". Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Museum. Archived from the original on 6 October 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2009.  ^ McLanathan 1986, p. 147. ^ Charles Henry Hart. Browere's life masks of great Americans. Printed at the De Vinne Press for Doubleday and McClure Company, 1899. Google books ^ " Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
Gilbert Stuart Birthplace
and Museum". Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Museum. Retrieved 16 July 2009. 

^ Mason 1879, pp. 125–283. ^ "Elizabeth Bowdoin". National Portrait
Portrait
Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved February 15, 2017.  ^ a b c d Mantle 1929. ^ Carter, Harvey Lewis (1987). The Life and Times of Little Turtle: First Sagamore of the Wabash. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-01318-2. 

Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Evans" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Evans p. 111" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Evans p. 123" is not used in the content (see the help page). Cite error: A list-defined reference named "Evans re: Elizabeth" is not used in the content (see the help page).

Bibliography[edit]

Fielding, Mantle (1929). "Paintings by Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
not mentioned in Mason's Life of Stuart". The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 53 (2). JSTOR 20086696.  McLanathan, Richard (1986). Gilbert Stuart. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 9780810915015.  Mason, George C. (1879). The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gilbert Stuart.

Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
at the National Gallery of Art, Washington Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Biography, National Gallery of Art Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
Museum Website Gilbert-Stuart.org 155 works by Gilbert Stuart Gilbert Stuart
Gilbert Stuart
on ArtCyclopedia Union List of Artist Names, Getty Vocabularies. ULAN Full Record Display for Gilbert Stuart. Getty Vocabulary Program, Getty Research Institute. Los Angeles, California. Gilbert Stuart, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art

v t e

George Washington

1st President of the United States, 1789–1797 Senior Officer of the Army, 1798–1799 Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, 1775–1783 Second Continental Congress, 1775 First Continental Congress, 1774

Military career Revolutionary War

Military career French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen Battle of Fort Necessity Forbes Expedition

Washington and the American Revolution Commander-in-chief, Continental Army Aides-de-camp Washington's headquarters Boston
Boston
campaign

Siege of Boston

New York and New Jersey campaign

Delaware River crossing Battle of Trenton

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
campaign

Battle of Brandywine Battle of Germantown Battle of White Marsh Valley Forge Battle of Monmouth

Battles of Saratoga Sullivan Expedition Yorktown campaign

Siege of Yorktown

Culper spy ring Newburgh Conspiracy

Newburgh letter

Resignation as commander-in-chief Badge of Military Merit

Purple Heart

Washington Before Boston
Boston
Medal Horses: Nelson and Blueskin

Other U.S. founding events

1769 Virginia Association

Continental Association

1774 Fairfax Resolves Court of Appeals in Cases of Capture 1785 Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
Conference Chairman, 1787 Constitutional Convention

Presidency

United States
United States
presidential election, 1788–89 1792 First inauguration

inaugural bible

Second inauguration Title of "Mr. President" Cabinet of the United States

Secretary of State Attorney General Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of War

Judiciary Act of 1789 Nonintercourse Act Whiskey Rebellion

Militia Acts of 1792

Coinage Act of 1792

United States
United States
Mint

Proclamation of Neutrality

Neutrality Act of 1794

Jay Treaty Pinckney's Treaty Slave Trade Act of 1794 Residence Act Thanksgiving Proclamation Farewell Address State of the Union Address 1790 1791 1792 1793 1796 Cabinet Federal judicial appointments

Views and public image

Presidential library The Washington Papers Religious views Washington and slavery Town Destroyer Legacy

Life and homes

Early life Birthplace Ferry Farm
Ferry Farm
boyhood home Mount Vernon

Gristmill Woodlawn Plantation

Samuel Osgood House, First Presidential Mansion Alexander Macomb House, Second Presidential Mansion President's House, Philadelphia Germantown White House Custis estate Potomac Company James River and Kanawha Canal Mountain Road Lottery Congressional Gold Medal Thanks of Congress President-General of the Society of the Cincinnati Washington College Washington and Lee University Electoral history of George Washington

Memorials and depictions

Washington, D.C. Washington state Washington Monument Mount Rushmore Washington's Birthday Purple Heart The Apotheosis of Washington George Washington
George Washington
(Houdon) George Washington
George Washington
(Ceracchi) George Washington
George Washington
(Trumbull) Washington Crossing the Delaware General George Washington
George Washington
at Trenton Washington at Verplanck's Point General George Washington
George Washington
Resigning His Commission Unfinished portrait Lansdowne portrait The Washington Family
The Washington Family
portrait Washington at Princeton
Washington at Princeton
painting Point of View sculpture George Washington
George Washington
University Washington University Washington Masonic National Memorial George Washington
George Washington
Memorial Parkway George Washington
George Washington
Bridge Washington and Jefferson National Forests Washington Monument, Baltimore Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
statue List of memorials U.S. Postage stamps

Washington-Franklin Issues 1932 bicentennial

Currency

Washington quarter Washington dollar Silver bullion coins

Cultural depictions George Washington
George Washington
(1984 miniseries 1986 sequel)

Related

Bibliography Founding Fathers of the United States Republicanism Federalist Party

Federalist Era

Virginia dynasty Coat of arms Cherry-tree anecdote River Farm Washington's Crossing 1751 Barbados trip Category Syng inkstand General of the Armies American Philosophical Society American Revolution

patriots

Mount Vernon
Mount Vernon
Ladies' Association

Ancestry and family

Martha Washington
Martha Washington
(wife) John Parke Custis
John Parke Custis
(stepson) George Washington
George Washington
Parke Custis (step-grandson, adopted son) Eleanor Parke Custis (step-granddaughter, adopted daughter) Augustine Washington
Augustine Washington
(father) Mary Ball (mother) Lawrence Washington (half-brother) Augustine Washington
Augustine Washington
Jr. (half-brother) Betty Washington Lewis (sister) Samuel Washington
Samuel Washington
(brother) John A. Washington (brother) Charles Washington (brother) Lawrence Washington (grandfather) John Washington
John Washington
(great-grandfather) Bushrod Washington
Bushrod Washington
(nephew)

John Adams
John Adams

Category

v t e

Hall of Fame for Great Americans

John Adams John Quincy Adams Jane Addams Louis Agassiz Susan B. Anthony John James Audubon George Bancroft Clara Barton Henry Ward Beecher Alexander Graham Bell Daniel Boone Edwin Booth Louis Brandeis Phillips Brooks William Cullen Bryant Luther Burbank Andrew Carnegie George Washington
George Washington
Carver William Ellery Channing Rufus Choate Henry Clay Grover Cleveland James Fenimore Cooper Peter Cooper Charlotte Cushman James Buchanan Eads Thomas Alva Edison Jonathan Edwards Ralph Waldo Emerson David Farragut Stephen Foster Benjamin Franklin Robert Fulton Josiah W. Gibbs William C. Gorgas Ulysses S. Grant Asa Gray Alexander Hamilton Nathaniel Hawthorne Joseph Henry Patrick Henry Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. Mark Hopkins Elias Howe Washington Irving Andrew Jackson Thomas J. Jackson Thomas Jefferson John Paul Jones James Kent Sidney Lanier Robert E. Lee Abraham Lincoln Henry Wadsworth Longfellow James Russell Lowell Mary Lyon Edward MacDowell James Madison Horace Mann John Marshall Matthew Fontaine Maury Albert A. Michelson Maria Mitchell James Monroe Samuel F. B. Morse William T. G. Morton John Lothrop Motley Simon Newcomb Barack Obama Thomas Paine Alice Freeman Palmer Francis Parkman George Peabody William Penn Edgar Allan Poe Walter Reed Franklin D. Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Augustus Saint-Gaudens William Tecumseh Sherman John Philip Sousa Joseph Story Harriet Beecher Stowe Gilbert Stuart Sylvanus Thayer Henry David Thoreau Mark Twain Lillian Wald Booker T. Washington George Washington Daniel Webster George Westinghouse James McNeill Whistler Walt Whitman Eli Whitney John Greenleaf Whittier Emma Willard Frances E. Willard Roger Williams Woodrow Wilson Orville Wright Wilbur Wright

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61689381 LCCN: n50083265 ISNI: 0000 0000 6634 9660 GND: 11879924X SELIBR: 248757 SUDOC: 035541245 BNF: cb131955753 (data) ULAN: 500010392 NLA: 35149085 NKC: ola2003192350 KulturNav: 73f98632-a2bc-464e-9f81-67fb0d2ded1c RKD: 75878 SN

.