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The Gifford Lectures are an annual series of lectures which were established by the will of Adam Lord Gifford (died 1887). They were established to "promote and diffuse the study of natural theology in the widest sense of the term — in other words, the knowledge of God." A Gifford lectures appointment is one of the most prestigious honors in Scottish academia. The lectures are given at several Scottish universities: University of St Andrews, University of Glasgow, University of Aberdeen
University of Aberdeen
and University of Edinburgh. They are normally presented as a series over an academic year and given with the intent that the edited content be published in book form. A number of these works have become classics in the fields of theology or philosophy and the relationship between religion and science.

Contents

1 Notable lectures

1.1 Aberdeen 1.2 Edinburgh 1.3 Glasgow 1.4 St Andrews

2 References 3 External links

Notable lectures[edit] Aberdeen[edit]

1896–98 James Ward Naturalism and Agnosticism 1898–00 Josiah Royce
Josiah Royce
The World and the Individual 1904-06 James Adam The Religious Teachers of Greece 1907-1908 Hans Driesch The Science and Philosophy
Philosophy
of the Organism 1911–13 Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison
Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison
The Idea of God in the light of Recent Philosophy 1914–15 William Ritchie Sorley Moral Values and the Idea of God 1927-28 Alfred North Whitehead
Alfred North Whitehead
Process and Reality 1930–32 Etienne Gilson The Spirit of Medieval Philosophy 1936–38 Karl Barth
Karl Barth
The Knowledge of God and the Service of God according to the Teaching of the Reformation 1939–40 Arthur Darby Nock
Arthur Darby Nock
Hellenistic Religion - The Two Phases 1949–50 Gabriel Marcel
Gabriel Marcel
The Mystery of Being ISBN 1-890318-85-X, Faith and Reality ISBN 1-890318-86-8 1951–52 Michael Polanyi
Michael Polanyi
Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy, ISBN 0-226-67288-3 1953–54 Paul Tillich
Paul Tillich
Systematic Theology
Theology
(3 vols.): ISBN 0-226-80337-6, ISBN 0-226-80338-4, ISBN 0-226-80339-2 1963, 1965 Alister Hardy
Alister Hardy
The Living Stream, The Divine Flame 1965–1967 Raymond Aron
Raymond Aron
La Conscience historique dans la pensée et dans l'action 1973 Hannah Arendt
Hannah Arendt
Life of the Mind 1982–84 Richard Swinburne
Richard Swinburne
The Evolution of the Soul, ISBN 0-19-823698-0 1984–85 Freeman Dyson
Freeman Dyson
Infinite In All Directions, ISBN 0-06-072889-2 1989–91 Ian Barbour Religion in an Age of Science, ISBN 0-06-060383-6 1992–93 Jaroslav Pelikan
Jaroslav Pelikan
Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology
Theology
in the Christian Encounter With Hellenism, ISBN 0-300-06255-9 1994–95 John W. Rogerson Faith and Criticism in the Work of William Robertson Smith, 1846-1894 1994–95 M. A. Stewart New Light and Enlightenment 1994–95 Peter Jones Science and Religion before and after Hume 1994–95 James H. Burns The Order of Nature 1994–95 Alexander Broadie The Shadow of Scotus 1997–98 Russell Stannard The God Experiment 2000–01 John S. Habgood The Concept of Nature 2003–04 John Haldane Mind, Soul and Deity 2003 Eleonore Stump Wandering in the Darkness 2007 Stephen Pattison Seeing Things: Deepening Relations with Visual Artefacts, ISBN 978-0-334-04149-8 2009 Alister McGrath
Alister McGrath
A Fine-Tuned Universe: The Quest for God in Science and Theology, ISBN 978-0-664-23310-5 2012 Sarah Coakley Sacrifice Regained: Evolution, Cooperation and God 2014 David N. Livingstone Dealing with Darwin: Place, Politics and Rhetoric in Religious Engagements with Evolution

Edinburgh[edit]

1891 George Gabriel Stokes
George Gabriel Stokes
Natural Theology 1900–02 William James
William James
The Varieties of Religious Experience, ISBN 0-679-64011-8 (several editions in print) 1909–10 William Warde Fowler The Religious Experience of the Roman People, ISBN 0-8154-0372-0 1911–12 Bernard Bosanquet The Principle of Individuality and Value, ISBN 0-527-10036-6 1913–14 Henri Bergson
Henri Bergson
The Problem of Personality 1915–16 William Mitchell Ramsay Asianic Elements in Greek Civilization, ISBN 0-89005-173-9 1919–21 George Stout Mind and Matter pub. 1931 1921–23 Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison
Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison
Studies in the Philosophy
Philosophy
of Religion, ISBN 0-404-60474-9 1923–25 James George Frazer
James George Frazer
The Worship of Nature ISBN 1-56459-532-3 1926–27 Arthur Eddington
Arthur Eddington
The Nature of the Physical World, ISBN 0-472-06015-5 1927–28 Alfred North Whitehead
Alfred North Whitehead
Process and Reality: An Essay in Cosmology, ISBN 0-02-934570-7 1928–29 John Dewey
John Dewey
The Quest for Certainty: A Study of the Relation of Knowledge and Action, ISBN 1-4179-0845-9 1934–35 Albert Schweitzer
Albert Schweitzer
The Problem of Natural Theology
Theology
and Natural Ethics (unpublished) 1937–38 Charles Sherrington
Charles Sherrington
Man on His Nature, ISBN 0-521-06436-8 1938–40 Reinhold Niebuhr
Reinhold Niebuhr
The Nature and Destiny of Man: A Christian Interpretation , (2 vol set): ISBN 0-664-25709-7 1947–49 Christopher Dawson part 1:Religion and Culture ISBN 0-404-60498-6 part 2: Religion and the Rise of Western Culture (1950) ISBN 0-385-42110-9 1949–50 Niels Bohr
Niels Bohr
Causality and Complementarity: Epistemological Lessons of Studies in Atomic Physics, ISBN 1-881987-14-0 1950–52 Charles Earle Raven Natural Religion and Christian Theology 1952–53 Arnold J. Toynbee
Arnold J. Toynbee
An Historian's Approach to Religion, ISBN 0-19-215260-2 1954–55 Rudolf Bultmann History and Eschatology: The Presence of Eternity, ISBN 0-8371-8123-2 1961–62 John Baillie The Sense of the Presence of God 1973–74 Owen Chadwick
Owen Chadwick
The Secularisation of the European Mind in the 19th Century, ISBN 0-521-39829-0 1974–76 Stanley Jaki
Stanley Jaki
The Road of Science and the Ways to God, ISBN 0-226-39145-0 1978–79 Sir John Eccles
Sir John Eccles
The Human Mystery, The Human Psyche, ISBN 0-387-09954-9 1979-80 Ninian Smart
Ninian Smart
"The Varieties of Religious Identity", published as Beyond Ideology: Religion and the Future of Western Civilisation, ISBN 0-06-067402-4 1980–81 Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Knowledge and the Sacred, ISBN 0-7914-0177-4 1981–82 Iris Murdoch
Iris Murdoch
Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals, ISBN 0-14-017232-7 1983-84 David Daiches God and the Poets, ISBN 0-19-812825-8 1984–85 Jurgen Moltmann
Jurgen Moltmann
God in Creation: A New Theology
Theology
of Creation and the Spirit of God, ISBN 0-8006-2823-3 1985-86 Paul Ricoeur "Oneself as another", ISBN 0-226-71329-6 1986–87 John Hick An Interpretation of Religion, (2nd ed.): ISBN 0-300-10668-8 1987–88 Alasdair MacIntyre
Alasdair MacIntyre
Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: ISBN 0-7156-2337-0 1988–89 Raimon Panikkar
Raimon Panikkar
Trinity and Theism: ISBN 978-1-57075-855-3 1989–90 Mary Douglas
Mary Douglas
Claims on God: published (much revised) as In the Wilderness: ISBN 1-85075-444-6 1993–94 John Polkinghorne
John Polkinghorne
Science and Christian Belief: Theological Reflections of a Bottom-up Thinker, ISBN 0-281-04714-6 1995–96 G. A. Cohen If you're an Egalitarian, how come you're so Rich?, published by Harvard University Press under the same title: ISBN 0-674-00693-3 1996–97 Richard Sorabji Emotions and How to Cope with Them, published as Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation, ISBN 0-19-825005-3 1997–98 Holmes Rolston III
Holmes Rolston III
Genes, Genesis and God, ISBN 0-521-64674-X 1998–99 Charles Taylor, Living in a Secular Age, published as A Secular Age: ISBN 0-674-02676-4 1999–2000 David Tracy This side of God 2000–01 Onora O'Neill
Onora O'Neill
Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics 2001–02 Mohammed Arkoun
Mohammed Arkoun
Inaugurating a Critique of Islamic Reason 2002–03 Michael Ignatieff
Michael Ignatieff
The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror, ISBN 0-691-11751-9 2003–04 J. Wentzel van Huyssteen Alone in the World? Human Uniqueness in Science and Theology, ISBN 0-8028-3246-6 2004–05 Dame Margaret Anstee, Stephen Toulmin, and Noam Chomsky, delivering a series of lectures dedicated to Edward Said
Edward Said
who was scheduled to give the 2004–05 series before his death in 2003. 2005–06 Jean Bethke Elshtain Sovereign God, Sovereign State, Sovereign Self 2006–07 Simon Conway Morris Darwin 's Compass: How Evolution Discovers the Song of Creation and Jonathan Riley-Smith The Crusades and Christianity 2007–08 Alexander Nehamas "Because it was he, because it was I": Friendship and Its Place in Life 2008 Robert M. Veatch, Hipprocratic, Religious and Secular Medical Ethics: The Point of Conflict 2008–09 Diana Eck The Age of Pluralism [April–May 2009] 2009–10 Michael Gazzaniga Mental Life [October 2009] 2009–10 Terry Eagleton
Terry Eagleton
The God Debate [March 2010] 2010–11 Peter Harrison Science, Religion and the Modern World, published as The Territories of Science and Religion ISBN 978-0226184487, Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown
The Future of Jobs and Justice 2011–12 Diarmaid MacCulloch
Diarmaid MacCulloch
Holme's Dog: Silence in the History of the Church. In 2012 the Gifford Lectures also supported a one-off joint lecture between the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the University of Edinburgh
University of Edinburgh
School of Informatics, Jim Al-Khalili
Jim Al-Khalili
Alan Turing: Legacy of a Code Breaker 2013 Bruno Latour
Bruno Latour
"Once Out of Nature" - Natural Religion as a Pleonasm 2012-13 Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature: A History of Violence and Humanity[1] 2013-14 Baroness Onora O'Neill
Onora O'Neill
From Toleration to Freedom of Expression 2013-14 Lord Rowan Williams
Rowan Williams
of Oystermouth Making representations: religious faith and the habits of language 2013-14 Justice Catherine O'Regan
Catherine O'Regan
"What is Caesar's?" Adjudicating faith in modern constitutional democracies 2014-15 Professor Jeremy Waldron
Jeremy Waldron
One Another's Equals: The Basis of Human Equality 2016-17 Professor Jeffrey Stout

Glasgow[edit]

1888–92 Friedrich Max Müller
Friedrich Max Müller
1888: Natural Religion vol. 1 & 2; 1890: Physical Religion; 1891: Anthropological Religion: 1892: Theosophy or Psychological Religion 1892–96 John Caird The Fundamental Ideas of Christianity Vol.1&2 1896–98 Alexander Balmain Bruce
Alexander Balmain Bruce
The Moral Order of the World, The Providential Order of the World 1910-12 John Watson The Interpretation of Religious Experience 1914 Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
Theism and Humanism ISBN 1-58742-005-8 1916–18 Samuel Alexander
Samuel Alexander
Space, Time, and Deity, volume one: ISBN 0-7661-8701-2, volume two: ISBN 0-7661-8702-0 1922 Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
Theism and Thought 1927–28 J. S. Haldane
J. S. Haldane
The Sciences and Philosophy, ISBN 0-404-60479-X 1932–34 William Temple Nature, Man and God 1952–54 John Macmurray The Form of the Personal vol 1: The Self as Agent ISBN 1-57392-337-0 vol 2: Persons in Relation ISBN 1-57392-625-6 1959 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
The Relevance of Science 1965 Herbert Butterfield Historical Writing and Christian Beliefs and Human Beliefs and the Development of Historical Writing [2] 1970 Richard William Southern The Rise and Fall of the Medieval System of Religious Thought 1974-76 Basil Mitchell Morality, Religious and Secular 1985 Carl Sagan
Carl Sagan
The Search for Who We Are, published in 2006 as The Varieties of Scientific Experience: A Personal View of the Search for God, ISBN 1-59420-107-2 1986 Donald M. MacKay Behind the Eye[3] 1988 Don Cupitt Nature and Culture 1988 Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins
Worlds in Microcosm 1992 Mary Warnock Imagination and Understanding, published as Imagination and Time, ISBN 0-631-19019-8 1993–94 Keith Ward
Keith Ward
Religion and Revelation ISBN 978-0-19-826375-3 1995–96 Geoffrey Cantor and John Hedley Brooke
John Hedley Brooke
Reconstructing Nature 1997–98 R J (Sam) Berry Gods, Genes, Greens and Everything 1999–00 Ralph McInerny Characters in Search of Their Author 2001 Brian Hebblethwaite, George Lakoff, Lynne Baker, Michael Ruse & Philip Johnson-Laird The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding 2003–04 Simon Blackburn
Simon Blackburn
Reason's Empire 2005 John E. Hare 2007–08 David Fergusson Religion and Its Recent Critics published as Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation, ISBN 978-0-19-956938-0 2008–09 Charles Taylor The Necessity of Secularist Regimes [May 2009] 2009–10 Gianni Vattimo
Gianni Vattimo
The End of Reality 2012 Vilayanur Ramachandran
Vilayanur Ramachandran
Body and Mind: Insights from Neuroscience 2014 Jean-Luc Marion
Jean-Luc Marion
Givenness and Revelation 2015 Perry Schmidt-leukel Interreligious Theology: The Future Shape of Theology 2016 Sean M. Carroll
Sean M. Carroll
The Big Picture: On the Origins of Life, Meaning, and the Universe Itself

St Andrews[edit]

1902–04 Richard Haldane
Richard Haldane
The Pathway to Reality, ISBN 0-404-60459-5 1917–18 William R. Inge
William R. Inge
The Philosophy
Philosophy
of Plotinus, ISBN 1-59244-284-6 1919–20 Lewis Richard Farnell Greek Hero Cults and Ideas of Immortality 1921–22 C. Lloyd Morgan
C. Lloyd Morgan
Emergent Evolution (1923) ISBN 0-404-60468-4, and Life, Mind, and Spirit (1925) 1926-28 Alfred Edward Taylor "The faith of a moralist, The Theological Implications of Morality; Natural Theology
Theology
and the Positive Religions" (1930) 1936–37 Werner Jaeger
Werner Jaeger
The Theology
Theology
of the Early Greek Philosophers (1936) 1955–56 Werner Heisenberg
Werner Heisenberg
Physics and Philosophy: The Revolution in Modern Science, ISBN 1-57392-694-9 1959–60 Georg Henrik von Wright
Georg Henrik von Wright
Norm and Action (1963)[4] and The Varieties of Goodness (1963)[5] 1962–64 Henry Chadwick Authority in the Early Church 1964–66 John Findlay The Discipline of the Cave (1966), and The Transcendence of the Cave (1967) ISBN 978-0-04-111002-9 1967–69 Robert Charles Zaehner Concordant Discord. The Interdependence of Faiths. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1970. 1972–73 Alfred Ayer
Alfred Ayer
The Central Questions of Philosophy, ISBN 0-03-013116-2 1975–77 Reijer Hooykaas Fact, Faith and Fiction in the Development of Science 1977–78 David Stafford-Clark Myth, Magic and Denial 1980–81 Gregory Vlastos Socrates: Ironist and Moral Philosopher 1982–83 Donald Geoffrey Charlton New Images of the Natural, 1750-1800 1983–84 John Macquarrie In Search of Deity 1984–85 Adolf Grunbaum Psychoanalytic Theory and Science 1986–87 Antony Flew The Logic of Mortality 1988–89 Walter Burkert Tracks of Biology and the Creation of Sense 1990–91 Hilary Putnam
Hilary Putnam
Renewing Philosophy 1992–93 Arthur Peacocke Nature, God and Humanity: 1992–93 Roger Penrose
Roger Penrose
The Question of Physical Reality 1995 Nicholas Wolterstorff
Nicholas Wolterstorff
Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology 1996–97 Michael Dummett
Michael Dummett
Thought and Reality 1999 Robert Merrihew Adams
Robert Merrihew Adams
God and Being 1999 Marilyn McCord Adams
Marilyn McCord Adams
The Coherence of Christology 2001–02 Stanley Hauerwas
Stanley Hauerwas
With the Grain of the Universe: The Church's Witness and Natural Theology, ISBN 1-58743-016-9 2002–03 Peter van Inwagen The Problem of Evil, ISBN 978-0-19-954397-7 2004–05 Alvin Plantinga
Alvin Plantinga
Science and Religion: Conflict or Concord 2007 Martin Rees
Martin Rees
21st Century Science: Cosmic Perspective and Terrestrial Challenges 2010 Roger Scruton
Roger Scruton
The Face of God

References[edit]

^ "2012-13 Gifford Lecture". Professor Steven Pinker: "The Better Angels of Our Nature: A History of Violence and Humanity". University of Edinburgh College of Humanities and Social Science website. Retrieved August 4, 2013.  ^ http://www.giffordlectures.org/lecturers/herbert-butterfield ^ Gifford Lectures website entry; retrieved: 2013-08-04 Archived 2013-09-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ “Norm and Action” online. ^ “The Varieties of Goodness” online.

Stanley Jaki, Lord Gifford and His Lectures: A Centenary Retrospect (1987). Scottish Academic Press, ISBN 0-7073-0465-2. Larry Witham, The Measure of God: Our Century-Long Struggle to Reconcile Science & Religion (2005), HarperSanFrancisco hardcover: ISBN 0-06-059191-9; reprinted as The Measure of God: History's Greatest Minds Wrestle with Reconciling Science and Religion (2006), paperback: ISBN 0-06-085833-8.

External links[edit]

Gifford Lectures Online presents full te

.